GNK Dinamo Zagreb
Građanski nogometni klub Dinamo Zagreb referred to as GNK Dinamo Zagreb or Dinamo Zagreb, is a professional Croatian football club based in Zagreb. The club was founded in 1911 as 1. HŠK Građanski or Prvi hrvatski građanski športski klub, 1945 changed name to Dinamo Zagreb, they play. They are the most successful club in Croatian football, having won 19 Croatian Football League titles, 15 Croatian Football Cups and five Croatian Football Super Cups; the club has spent its entire existence in top flight, having been members of the Yugoslav First League from 1946 to 1991, the Croatian First League since its foundation in 1992. After the Second World War, the new communist regime considered clubs like HŠK Građanski as fascist and nationalistic; as such, they were banned, and, in 1945, NK Dinamo was founded as a club to act as an unofficial successor to HŠK Građanski, getting around the ruling party's disapproval. They entered the Yugoslav First League in its inaugural 1946 -- 47 season. In their second season in Yugoslav top flight in 1947–48 they finished as Yugoslav champions, their first major trophy.
The club won seven Yugoslav Cups. Amid the breakup of Yugoslavia and formation of the Croatian football league system, Dinamo left the Yugoslav league in 1991. Dinamo are the only Croatian club with European silverware, having won the 1966–67 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup by defeating Leeds United in the final, they finished runners-up in the same competition in 1963 when they lost to Valencia. Until the early 1990s, its foundation year was considered to be 1945 but amid political turmoil during the breakup of Yugoslavia the club began claiming direct lineage to pre-WWII clubs Građanski Zagreb and HAŠK. In order to reflect this, in June 1991, it was renamed HAŠK Građanski, which lasted until February 1993 when it was renamed Croatia Zagreb, they won five league titles and participated in the 1998–99 and 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League group stages carrying that name before reverting to "Dinamo Zagreb" in February 2000. Although the subject was dropped for a while, in 2011, club management began claiming that Dinamo is the direct descendant of Građanski and in April that year decided to prepend the adjective "Građanski" to the club's official name, turning it into the present-day GNK Dinamo.
The team's traditional colour is royal blue, replaced for European matches in recent times with the darker navy blue. The club's biggest rivals are Hajduk Split, matches between the two teams are referred to as "Eternal Derby." One of the club's most notable wins came in the 2015–16 UEFA Champions League group stage, a 2–1 home victory against English side Arsenal, their first Champions League victory since the 1999–2000 season. Another notable match was a 0–0 draw against Manchester United in the 1999–2000 season, who were the European champions at the time, with many fans considering it one of Dinamo's finest performances in the club's history. In the immediate aftermath of World War II, the three most successful Zagreb-based clubs—HAŠK, Građanski and Concordia—were all disbanded by a decree issued by the communist authorities in May 1945. In order to replace them, a new sports society called FD Dinamo was founded on 9 June 1945; the new club inherited Građanski's colors and fan base, with most of Građanski's players continuing their careers at Dinamo.
In the first few years, the club played their home matches at Građanski's old ground, Stadion Koturaška, but soon moved to former HAŠK's old ground at Stadion Maksimir. In addition, former Građanski manager Márton Bukovi was appointed Dinamo's first manager; the most notable Građanski players who joined Dinamo upon its formation were August Lešnik, Mirko Kokotović and Franjo Wölfl. Of the HAŠK players that joined Dinamo, the regulars in the first team soon became Ratko Kacian, Željko Čajkovski, Svetozar Peričić and Dragutin Lojen. Following its formation, the club entered Yugoslav First League in its inaugural 1946–47 season and finished runners-up, five points behind champions Partizan. In the following 1947–48 season, Dinamo won their first trophy after winning the Yugoslav championship with five points ahead of Hajduk Split and Partizan. In the 1951 season, the club finished runners-up again, but compensated with their first Yugoslav Cup title after defeating Vojvodina 4–0 in the two–legged final.
Dinamo added three more cup titles and two championship wins. In addition, they were cup runners–up on three occasions. Dinamo first entered European competitions in the preliminary round of the 1958–59 European Cup, but were knocked out by the Czechoslovak side Dukla Prague; the club had some success in the 1960–61 European Cup Winners' Cup, as they managed to reach the semi-finals where they lost to Italian side Fiorentina. They have competed in the 1961–62 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, but failed to progress beyond the second round in which they were knocked out by Barcelona. However, in the 1962–63 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, Dinamo managed to reach the final, but lost 4–1 on aggregate to Spanish side Valencia. In the 1963–64 European Cup Winners' Cup, they made an early exit in the first round after a defeat to Scottish side Celtic. During this period, many of Dinamo's star players were integral part of the Yugoslavian national team, including Željko Čajkovski, Zlatko Škorić, Krasnodar Rora, Denijal Pirić, Dražan Jerković, Ivica Horvat, Slav
Eternal derby (Croatia)
Eternal Derby known as the Croatian Derby, is the name given to matches between the two biggest and most popular Croatian football clubs Dinamo Zagreb and Hajduk Split. The rivalry can be traced back to 1920s when Zagreb's Građanski and Hajduk clashed in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia championships. After World War II, Građanski was disbanded by the authorities, Dinamo Zagreb was formed to take its place, retaining its colours; the two clubs soon became part of the "Big Four" of Yugoslav football since the Yugoslav championship was established in 1946. This lasted until 1991, when Croatia declared independence so clubs started competing in the Prva HNL, which saw its first season being played in 1992. Since 1992 Dinamo and Hajduk won 25 out of 27 Croatian championship titles, as well as 21 out of 27 Croatian Cups, which makes them by far the most successful clubs in Croatia. Due to various formats that were used in the Croatian championship and the cup competition format and in addition to the games played in the Supercup, there can be anywhere from four to six derbies per season.
Since the first official match in 1946, there have been over 200 official derbies played in total. In September 2009, British Daily Mail ranked the Eternal Croatian derby 20th among the 50 greatest football rivalries of all time. Bad Blue Boys were founded on 17 March 1986 with members from different areas of Zagreb; the name of the group is said to have been inspired by the 1983 film starring Bad Boys. They are considered one of the most dangerous supporters' groups in the world and are known for their vocal and physical intimidation at football matches. In 2011, Bad Blue Boys were mentioned in the list of 16 "hardcore hooligan firms, ultras groups we wouldn't want to mess with", compiled by the American sports website Bleacher Report; the group's mascot is a bulldog and the official anthem is "Dinamo ja volim", by the Croatian pop rock band Pips, Chips & Videoclips. BBB publish a fanzine about the club and the ultras subculture; the original fanzine was Ajmo plavi, replaced in 2006 by Dinamov sjever.
At home matches in Dinamo Zagreb's Maksimir Stadium, the Bad Blue Boys settle behind the home goal on the stadium's north stand. Dinamo's fans are unmannerly referred to as "purgeri" by members of Torcida Split. Torcida Split or Torcida is the Hajduk Split supporters' group. Founded on 28 October 1950, it's known as one of the oldest supporters' groups in Europe; the name of the group comes from torcida, the Brazilian Portuguese word for "supporters". The group as a whole traditionally maintains good relations with the Portuguese Sport Lisboa e Benfica football club supporters No Name Boys. Torcida members gather in the north stand at the stadium of Poljud. Hajduk's fans are unmannerly referred to as "tovari" by Bad Blue Boys members, as the said animal is the supporters' group official mascot. All statistics correct as of 3 April 2019. Note: Home team's score always shown first 1 Match abandoned after 86 minutes due to mass fight between both clubs' supporters and the police.2 Match abandoned after 85 minutes due to crowd trouble.
3 Match was postponed and abandoned following Hajduk Split's players reluctance to enter the stadium. On November 25, 2014, Croatian Football Federation awarded Dinamo Zagreb a 3–0 win, deeming Hajduk Split's players move as "unjustified". Stjepan Deverić Joško Jeličić Ante Rukavina Božidar Senčar Branko Zebec Vlatko Marković Tomislav Ivić Josip Skoblar Nenad Gračan Miroslav Blažević As of 22 April 2018 These are the major football honours of Dinamo and Hajduk; the tables list the place. The tables list the place. Adriatic derby Dinamo–Rijeka derby The Classic: Dinamo Zagreb-Hajduk Split at FIFA.com
Fudbalski klub Partizan known as Partizan Belgrade or Partizan, is a Serbian professional football club based in Belgrade. It forms a major part of the Partizan multi-sport club; the club plays in the Serbian SuperLiga and has spent its entire history in the top tier of Yugoslav and Serbian football having won a total of 45 official trophies: 27 national championships, 15 national cups, 1 national supercup, 1 Mitropa Cup, 1 Uhrencup finishing in the Yugoslav league all-time table as second. Partizan was founded by young high officers of the Yugoslav People's Army in 1945 in Belgrade, as part of the Yugoslav Sports Association Partizan, their home ground is the Partizan Stadium in Belgrade, where they have played since 1949. Partizan holds records such as playing in the first European Champions Cup match on 4 September, 1955, as well as becoming the first Balkan and Eastern European football club to reach the European Champions Cup final, when it did so in 1966. Partizan was the first Serbian club to compete in the group stage of the UEFA Champions League.
The club has a long-standing rivalry with Red Star Belgrade. Matches between these two clubs are known as the Eternal Derby and rate as one of the greatest cross-town clashes in the world. In September 2009, the British newspaper Daily Mail ranked the Red Star–Partizan derby fourth among the ten greatest football rivalries of all time; the club is very popular in Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Bosnian Serb entity of Republika Srpska. Partizan has many supporters in all the other former-Yugoslav republics and in the Serbian diaspora. Partizan youth academy is one of the most export-oriented in Europe. CIES Football Observatory report of November 2015 ranks Partizan Belgrade at the top place of training clubs out of the 31 European leagues surveyed. Partizan was founded on 4 October 1945 in Belgrade, as a football section of the Central House of the Yugoslav Army "Partizan", was named in honour of the Partisans, the communist military formation who fought against fascism during World War II in Yugoslavia.
The club was formed and managed by the group of young high officers of the Yugoslav People's Army and veterans of the Spanish Civil War. Among them were Svetozar "Tempo" Vukmanović, Koča Popović, Peko Dapčević, Bogdan Vujošević, Mijalko Todorović, Otmar Kreačić and Ratko Vujović. Two days after its establishment, Partizan made its first step on the football scene, with the friendly match against selection of Zemun that ended 4–2. Florijan Matekalo entered the record books as the first goal scorer in the history of Partizan, while Franjo Glazer was the first manager. Just three weeks Partizan went on the first of many international tours, travelling to Czechoslovakia where they beat the selection of Slovak Army with 3–1. At the time, just months after the World War II in Yugoslavia ended, no organized football competition was yet restored, so Partizan played only friendly games and tournaments both home and abroad; the club's first European engagement was a meeting against another army side, CSKA Moscow from what was Soviet Union, in 1975.
In late August, 1946, the new Yugoslav league started and Partizan played its first official match, beating Pobeda Skoplje 1–0. Since the club had the highest ambitions from the beginning, it attracted some of the best players from all over the country: Stjepan Bobek, Miroslav Brozović, Zlatko Čajkovski, Kiril Simonovski, Bela Palfi, Franjo Rupnik, Prvoslav Mihajlović, Aleksandar Atanacković, Miodrag Jovanović, Vladimir Firm, Ratko Čolić and Franjo Šoštarić. Prominent football expert Illés Spitz became the manager, spent next 14 years at various positions in the club, his implementation of top European training methods and playing tactics, combined with technically gifted squad, proved essential in winning the first championship in debut season, along with the first cup title, thus the first Double winner in the country. The second championship title was won in 1948–49 season. Partizan played its home games on the old BSK stadium until 1949, when its own stadium was built on the same site and named JNA Stadium.
In 1950, the club evolved from a football section of the Army into independent club under the umbrella organization JSD Partizan. The first club's president became Ratko Vujović. In 1953, the remaining formal connections between the club and the Army ceased. Although during the 1950s Partizan had a strong squad, led by national team players like Bobek, Čajkovski, Miloš Milutinović, Marko Valok, Bruno Belin, Tomislav Kaloperović and Branko Zebec, the club had a long break without winning a championship, only winning cup titles in 1952, 1954 and 1957. Despite the absence of domestic titles, Partizan's great performances on high quality tournaments throughout Europe gained them significant continental reputation. On 4 September 1955, Partizan participated in the first Champions Cup match, in Lisbon against Sporting CP; the final result was 3–3, with Miloš Milutinović becoming the first scorer in a most prestigious club competition in Europe. By the mid-1950s, the first big Partizan generation was well over its peak.
Only two titles and four cups in its first 15 years of existence were not enough for a club of Partizan's stature and popularity. In 1958, the club left way behind 13 years of playing in blue-red kits and adopted the now famous black and white colors; the change in the club's image and appearance was followed by radical changes in the playing squad. The number of young players, offspri
Red Star Belgrade
Fudbalski klub Crvena zvezda known in English as Red Star Belgrade or Red Star, is a Serbian professional football club based in Belgrade, the major part of the Red Star multi-sport club. They are the only Serbian and ex-Yugoslav club to have won the European Cup, having done so in 1991, the only team to have won the Intercontinental Cup in 1991. With 28 national championships and 24 national cups between Serbian and the former Yugoslav competitions, Red Star was the most successful club in former Yugoslavia and finished first in the Yugoslav First League all-time table, is the most successful club in Serbia. Since the 1991–92 season, Red Star's best results are in the UEFA Champions League group stage and UEFA Europa League knockout phase. According to 2008 polls, Red Star Belgrade is the most popular football club in Serbia, with 48.2% of the population supporting them. They have many supporters in the Serbian diaspora, their main rivals are fellow Belgrade side Partizan. The championship matches between these two clubs are known as The Eternal derby.
According to the International Federation of Football History & Statistics' list of the Top 200 European clubs of the 20th century, Red Star is the highest-ranked Serbian and ex-Yugoslavian club, sharing the 27th position on the list with Dutch club Feyenoord. In February 1945, during World War II, a group of young men, active players and members of the Serbian United Antifascist Youth League, decided to form a Youth Physical Culture Society, to become Red Star Belgrade on 4 March; as of December 1944, all pre-war Serbian clubs were abolished, on 5 May 1945, communist Secretary of Sports Mitra Mitrović-Djilas signed the decree dissolving formally all pre-war clubs on the territory of Socialist Republic of Serbia. The clubs were dissolved because during the German occupation, there was an attempt to organize the league so all the clubs were labelled collaborators by Josip Broz Tito's communist regime. Two of the most popular clubs from Belgrade were BSK Belgrade. Red Star was formed on the remains of SK Jugoslavija and they were given SK Jugoslavija's stadium, offices and their red and white colours, along with the logo with addition of a red star.
The entire BSK Belgrade squad joined along with some other players from Belgrade and Central Serbia. The name Red Star was assigned after a long discussion. Other ideas shortlisted by the delegates included "People's Star", "Blue Star", "Proleter", "Stalin", "Lenin", etc; the initial vice presidents of the Sport Society – Zoran Žujović and Slobodan Ćosić – were the ones who assigned it. Red Star was soon adopted as a symbol of Serbian nationalism within Yugoslavia and a sporting institution which remains the country's most popular to this day. On that day, Red Star played the first football match in the club's history against the First Battalion of the Second Brigade of KNOJ and won 3–0. Red Star's first successes involved small steps to recognition. In the first fifteen years of existence, Red Star won six Yugoslav championships, five Yugoslav Cups, one Danube Cup and reached the semi-finals of the 1956–57 European Cup; some of the greatest players during this period were Kosta Tomašević, Branko Stanković, Rajko Mitić, Vladimir Beara, Bora Kostić, Vladica Popović, Vladimir Durković and Dragoslav Šekularac.
As champions, Red Star were Yugoslavia's entrants into the 1957–58 European Cup where they were famously beaten 5–4 on aggregate by English champions Manchester United in the quarter-finals. Manchester United, managed by Matt Busby defeated Red Star 2–1 in the first leg in England before drawing 3–3 with them in Yugoslavia in the return match on 5 February at JNA Stadium; the second leg is notable for being the last match played by the Busby Babes: on the return flight to England the following day, the plane crashed in Munich, resulting in the deaths of 23 people, including eight Manchester United players. During the Miljan Miljanić era, Red Star won four Yugoslav championships, three Yugoslav Cups, one Mitropa Cup and reached the semi-finals of the 1970–71 European Cup. A new generation of players emerged under Miljanić's guidance, led by Dragan Džajić and Jovan Aćimović. Red Star eliminated Liverpool in the second round of the 1973–74 European Cup and Real Madrid in the quarter-finals of the 1974–75 European Cup Winners' Cup.
Branko Stanković, whose reign as head coach was to last four years, brought Red Star three trophies and the first great European final. After eliminating teams like Arsenal, West Bromwich Albion and Hertha BSC, Red Star made for the first time the UEFA Cup final. There, Red Star met Borussia Mönchengladbach, who played five European finals from 1973 to 1980; the Germans fell behind one goal from Miloš Šestić, but Ivan Jurišić’s own goal gave Gladbach a psychological advantage before the rematch. This game was played at the Rheinstadion in Düsseldorf, where the Italian referee Alberto Michelotti gave a questionable penalty to the Germans, the Danish player Allan Simonsen sealed Red Star's fate; the Foals won 2–1 on aggregate. After the 1970s, historical matches against Udo Lattek's Barcelona followed during the 1982–83 European Cup Winners' Cup. In both matches, Barcelona were the better team and Red Star was eliminated. Remarkably, when Barça's Diego Maradona scored his second goal in front of 100,000 spectators at the Marakana, the Belgrade audience were so excited about the goal that the loyal Belgrade fans applauded Maradona.
Gojko Zec returned to the team in 1983, finding only one player from the champions gener
HNK Hajduk Split
HNK Hajduk Split referred to as Hajduk Split or Hajduk, is a professional Croatian football club founded in 1911, based in the city of Split. Since 1979, the club's home ground has been the 35,000-seat Stadion Poljud; the team's traditional home colours are white shirts with blue socks. Hajduk was founded by a group of Split students in a famous tavern known as U Fleků in Prague. Between the early 1920s and 1940, Hajduk participated in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia national championship. Following World War II and the formation of the Yugoslav league system in 1946, Hajduk went on to spend the entire SFR Yugoslavia period at the top level; the club's run continued following the breakup of Yugoslavia, as the club joined the Croatian First League in its inaugural season in 1992, never having been relegated from its top tier. They are one of the most successful teams in Croatia and ex-Yugoslavia, having won nine Yugoslav and six Croatian league championships, in addition to nine Yugoslav and five Croatian cup titles and five Croatian supercup titles, without being relegated from its countries top football league.
The club's "golden era" came in the 1970s, when they won four Yugoslav leagues and five Yugoslav cups. Hajduk is the only club in Yugoslav football history that has won five-straight Yugoslav cups, the only unbeaten champion. Hajduk's biggest European achievements are appearances in three European Cup quarter-finals, one UEFA Cup semi-final and one Cup Winners' Cup semi-final; the club's main rivals are Dinamo Zagreb, with matches between the two referred to as the Eternal Derby. Hajduk Split fans are called Torcida Split, who are the oldest organized firm in Europe, being founded in 1950; the inspiration of the name were the Brazilian fans at the 1950 FIFA World Cup which were called Torcida. Hajduk is the second most popular club in Croatia with more than one milion supporters or 24% of population. Traditionally club has the biggest support in Dalmatia; as of 2008, the club is a stock company, although not listed on the public stock exchange, with majority of the stock owned by the City of Split.
It is one of two fan-owned sports teams in Croatia, reaching over 43,000 members in 2016, over 31,000 members for current year. There are over 50 Hajduk fan clubs situated across Croatia and Germany, but as far as United States and Australia; the club was founded in the centuries-old pub U Fleků in Prague, by a group of students from Split: Fabjan Kaliterna, Lucijan Stella, Ivan Šakić and Vjekoslav Ivanišević. They went to the pub following a match between AC Sparta and SK Slavia and decided it was time their own town founded a professional club, they all knew how popular the sport was in their home city of Split, how well their friends can play. The club was registered with the authorities on 13 February 1911. While trying to come up with a name for the club, the students went to their old teacher Josip Barač for advice and according to accounts, after enthusiastically storming into his office, he told them to take the name "Hajduk" which symbolized "that, best in our people: bravery, friendship, love of freedom, defiance to powers, protection of the weak.
Be worthy of that great name". Hajduks were romanticized bandits, it is speculated that famed hajduk Andrija Šimić, who triumphantly arrived in Split in 1902 to cheering crowds, was the inspiration for the name. The founders subsequently designed the club's emblem, a group of Catholic nuns from a monastery in Split, created copies which were distributed to fans. Both the name and the checkered board on the crest were found provocative by the Monarchy, but it allowed them having been convinced that a football club is a good way to train soldiers. Hajduk gathered the pro-Croat party of citizens of Croat unionists or puntari; that is why the club has the name "hrvatski nogometni klub" and has the Croatian coat-of-arms in its crest. The club itself was against the Austrian-Hungarian government's policy of not allowing the unification of the Croatian provinces and keeping them separated. Hajduk's first opponent were Calcio Spalato, the club of an autonomist party from in Split, the match ended with a 9–0 victory for Hajduk.
The first to score for Hajduk was legend has it -- with his knee. In 1912, Hajduk played their first match in Zagreb against the HAŠK football club, lost 3–2; the first international match against an eminent opponent was held in 1913 against Czech club Slavia Prague, which at that time were one of the strongest squads in Europe. Hajduk ended up losing the match 1–13. After the formation of the Kingdom of the Serbs and Slovenes, Hajduk first entered the Yugoslav league in 1923, losing their first and only match that season against SAŠK. However, that same year while on tour in North Africa, Hajduk defeated Marseille 3–2 in their first international match, sparking mass celebrations in Split; the next year, the squad was considered so strong that 10 out of the 11 players which played an international friendly for Yugoslavia against Czechoslovakia were contracted to Hajduk. In 1926, in honour of the club's 15th birthday, composer Ivo Tijar
Omladinski fudbalski klub Beograd known as OFK Beograd, is a Serbian professional football club based in Belgrade. It is one of the oldest football clubs in Serbia competing in Serbia's third tier; the club is one of the most respected due to numerous players of high quality coming through its youth ranks through the years. OFK Beograd is part of the OSD Beograd sport society; the club was founded in 1911 as Beogradski sport klub was one of the most prominent football clubs in Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It was the most successful club between 1923 and 1941, with five national champion titles. BSK played its first game on 13 October 1911 against Šumadija from Kragujevac and won 8–1. In 1945, after the World War II, club was reestablished under the name Metalac by its former members; this club carried the name until 1950, when it was once again renamed into BSK, but in the 1957, the name was altered into OFK Belgrade. A two decade long "Golden Era" began when the club won the Yugoslav Cup in 1953.
Three other Yugoslav Cup wins followed, in the 1961 -- 62 and 1965 -- 66 seasons. The club was the Yugoslav First League runner-up twice, in 1954–55 and in 1965–66. In the meantime, the club had changed its name once again. In 1957, the club was named OFK Beograd, once again in an attempt to attract spectators to the stadium younger ones who opted for either Red Star or Partizan. In that time, the players played attractive and lovely football and therefore got the nickname of "Romantičari"; the 1960s and the first half of the 1970s were years of European glory. OFK Beograd had participated eight times in European competitions, their biggest success came in the 1962–63 European Cup Winners' Cup season, playing in the semi-final against Tottenham Hotspur, eventual champions. In the following ten years, teams such as Napoli, Feyenoord and Juventus lost to OFK Beograd; the Romantičari were not able to take advantage of their success on the European scene. After several successful seasons, a sudden fall occurred.
During the 1980s, the club has been changing leagues, from the First Division to the Second. In the summer of 2003, they were back in European competition, they played in the UEFA Intertoto Cup. OFK defeated Estonian side Narva Trans at home by the score of 6–1, but UEFA cancelled the result because of a smoke bomb being thrown on the field during the game. Only the second leg result would count. OFK Beograd won in Tallinn with a score of 5–3, they were eliminated in the second round by Czech club 1. FC Slovácko, with a score of 4–3; the club was back on the European stage in 2004. They started playing in the second round of the Intertoto eliminated Dinaburg. In the third round, OFK went on to play against Tampere United. OFK Beograd went on to play in the semifinals, they were eliminated by Atlético Madrid losing the first leg 1–3 at home with Aleksandar Simić scoring for OFK and Fernando Torres, Diego Simeone and Ariel Ibagaza scoring for Atlético, losing the second leg 2–0 in Madrid meant OFK were eliminated 1–5 on aggregate.
Though OFK were eliminated it was seen as a honour and a return to the clubs glory days to have a European powerhouse such as Atlético play at Omladinski stadion with world class talents such as Torres and Simeone. In 2005, the club entered the UEFA Cup in the second round of qualifying losing to Lokomotiv Plovdiv on the away goals rule. In 2006, the club faced French side Auxerre in the UEFA Cup. In the first game, in Belgrade, OFK defeated their opponents by the score of 1–0 a goal from centre-back Miloš Bajalica in the 31st minute of play proving the difference, a great result considering Auxerre was one of France's strongest clubs. In the second game OFK Beograd lost 5–1 with the result standing at 2–1 for Auxerre with ten minutes to play, a result which would see OFK Beograd eliminate Auxerre. However, the young OFK team capitulated in the last ten minutes of play conceding three goals and were eliminated 5–2 on aggregate. In the 2010 Europa League, OFK beat Torpedo Zhodino of Belarus 3–2 on aggregate and went on to play Galatasaray where they lost 7–3 on aggregate, coming back from two-nil down to draw 2–2 with late goals been scored by Miloš Krstić and Nenad Injac in Turkey against Galatasaray but losing the second leg 1–5 at home with Danilo Nikolić scoring the only goal for OFK.
OFK Beograd were relegated from the Serbian SuperLiga after finishing fifteenth in the 2015–16 season. The next season saw relegation from the 2016–17 Serbian First League after finishing bottom of the table; the club played in the Serbian League Belgrade in the 2017–18 season, finishing in second place behind Žarkovo who were promoted to the Serbian second tier. In November 2018 the "Klub prijatelja OFK Beograda" was formed with the goal of saving the club from becoming extinct and helping the club through its most difficult times; the KPO is made up of loyal fans who want to see OFK return to its former glories competing at the top of the first tier of Serbian football. National Championships – 5 Yugoslav First League: Winners: 1930–31, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1938–39 Runners-up: 1927, 1929, 1937–38, 1939–40, 1954–55, 1963–64National Cups – 5 Yugoslav Cup: Winners: 1934, 1953, 1955, 1961–62, 1965–66Serbia and Montenegro Cup: Runners-up: 2005–06 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1/2 Finalists: 1962–63UEFA Cup: 1/4 Finalists: 1972–73Inter-Cities Fairs Cup: 1/2 Final
Nogometni klub Zagreb known as NK Zagreb or Zagreb, is a Croatian football club based in the Croatian capital city of Zagreb playing in the Treća HNL. The club was founded in 1908. NK Zagreb's home ground since 1946 is Stadion u Kranjčevićevoj with reduced capacity of 8,850 where they only play their official competitive matches; the team's traditional home colours are white shirts and socks, the reason why they are referred to as Bijeli in Croatian, meaning "The Whites". Another popular nickname of the club is "The Poets", Pjesnici in Croatian, due to the location of their home ground at Kranjčevićeva street, named after Croatian poet Silvije Strahimir Kranjčević. So far, NK Zagreb has won the Croatian Football Championship only once, in the 2001–02 season, the first time since its establishment in 1992 that the Croatian champion was not Dinamo Zagreb or Hajduk Split. NK Zagreb participated several times in the European competitions like UEFA Champions League, UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, UEFA Intertoto Cup and Inter-Cities Fairs Cup.
The club was founded in 1903 as PNIŠK. First secretary was Dragutin Baki, the president was Vilhelm Witte, the captain of the team and instructor was Czech Jan Todl. Since there weren't any clubs to play with, the first official match was played between the club's players divided into two groups in 1904. Ticket income from the match was 3 filirs; the first international match was played in 1905. Against Magyar champions Ferencváros on Magyar Athleticai Club's pitch. Home team won with a high 11–1 score; the players who played for Zagreb were: Filipčić, Todl, Slavnič, Ugrinić, Uhrl, Višinger and Torbić. However, after World War II, NK Zagreb has been overshadowed by several larger, more successful clubs their local rival Dinamo Zagreb. One of the most notable matches Zagreb played was on 19 July 1973 when "Great drama in Maksimir" took place – a match between NK Zagreb and NK Osijek on Maksimir stadium, it was a second of two qualifying. The second match was played in Maksimir because of great demand for tickets – the attendance was 64,138 which broke the stadium record and stands to this day.
Zagreb won the match. Lineup for this team was: Horvat, Gašparini, Antolić, Ivanišević, Markulin, Čopor, Močibob, Rukljač, Smolek. Among NK Zagreb's more notable players was Ivica Olić who led the club to its first championship of the Prva HNL in 2002 with 21 goals scored in 29 appearances for NK Zagreb. Worth mentioning here is Joško Popović, 2nd top-goalscorer in Prva HNL. In the championship of 2002, NK Zagreb broke the duopoly of NK Dinamo and NK Hajduk for the first time. Standard lineup for the champion team was: Vasilj, Pirić, Ješe, Poldrugač, Hasančić, Lovrek, Olić. There are two other football competitions being played in Croatia -- Supercup. NK Zagreb were finalist of Cup in 1997 and finalist of Supercup in 2002. On August 2015 Zagreb players declared strike and refused training practice in preparation for the 5th round and away game against RNK Split bringing in question the game itself and so on the regularity of Prva HNL, seriously shattered; the club was in players not receiving wages for six months.
Zagreb president Dražen Medić had several offers for players that would at least somewhat stabilized the situation in the first division club from Kranjčevićeva, but refused them all. Strike was ongoing for a week ahead of matchday with players demanding to be paid at least partially; the club were relegated to the third division in 2017 and finished in 9th place in their first season in the league. The club suffered a disastrous start to the 2018 season in which they missed a game against NK Jadran Porec for not having a licensed doctor at the match. Stadion u Kranjčevićevoj ulici, known as Stadion Concordije between 1921 and 1945, is a multi-purpose stadium located in the Trešnjevka neighbourhood in Zagreb, Croatia; the stadium at what was called Tratinska cesta began construction in the 1910s and was completed in 1921. At the time of its completion it was owned by Concordia. In 1931 the first floodlit match held in Zagreb was played at the stadium, in which Zagreb XI beat Real Madrid 2–1. After World War II, Concordia was disbanded for political reasons and the stadium was handed over to the newly formed Fiskulturno društvo Zagreb, whose football section evolved into today's NK Zagreb football club.
NK Zagreb's third jersey is green in honour of Concordia. In November 1977 a large fire destroyed the west stand and in the following years the stadium went through several reconstructions and modifications; the most significant of these was an extensive overhaul and the construction of the adjoining facilities in preparation for the 1987 Summer Universiade. That year a lightning strike destroyed the floodlights during a match between NK Zagreb and NK Osijek and the stadium was without any floodlight capabilities for 20 years until 2008, when new ones were installed by the City of Zagreb. After the season 2006–07 and prior to the game against Vllaznia in the Intertoto Cup stadium's capacity was reduced due to UEFA standards from 12,000 to 8,850 people by placing numbered plastic chairs in