Australian rules football
The main way to score points is by kicking the oval-shaped ball between the two tall goal posts. The team with the score by the end of the match wins unless a draw is declared. During general play, players may position themselves anywhere on the field, the primary methods are kicking and running with the ball. There are rules on how the ball can be handled, for example, throwing the ball is not allowed and players must not get caught holding the ball. A distinctive feature of the game is the mark, where players anywhere on the field who catch a ball from a kick are awarded possession, possession of the ball is in dispute at all times except when a free kick or mark is paid. Players can tackle using their hands or use their body to obstruct opponents. The game features frequent physical contests, spectacular marking, fast movement of players and the ball and high scoring. The sports origins can be traced to matches played in Melbourne, Victoria in 1858. Its annual Grand Final is the highest attended club championship event in the world, the sport is played at amateur level in many countries and in several variations.
The games rules are governed by the AFL Commission with the advice of the AFLs Laws of the Game Committee, there is evidence of football being played sporadically in the Australian colonies in the first half of the 19th century. The earliest such match, held in St Kilda on 15 June, was between Melbourne Grammar and St Kilda Grammar. Born in Australia, Wills played a nascent form of rugby football whilst a pupil at Rugby School in England and his letter is regarded by many historians as giving impetus for the development of a new code of football today known as Australian football. Two weeks later, Wills friend, cricketer Jerry Bryant, posted an advertisement for a match at the Richmond Paddock adjoining the Melbourne Cricket Ground. This was the first of several kickabouts held that year involving members of the Melbourne Cricket Club, including Wills, Bryant, W. J. Hammersley, trees were used as goalposts and play typically lasted an entire afternoon. Without an agreed code of laws, some players were guided by rules they had learned in the British Isles.
Another significant milestone in 1858 was a match played under experimental rules between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College, held at the Richmond Paddock. This 40-a-side contest, umpired by Wills and Scotch College teacher John Macadam, began on 7 August and it is commemorated with a statue outside the MCG, and the two schools have competed annually ever since in the Cordner-Eggleston Cup, the worlds oldest continuous football competition. Since the early 20th century, it has suggested that Australian football was derived from the Irish sport of Gaelic football
The Northern Blues are affiliated with the Carlton Blues in the AFL, and play their home games at the Preston City Oval and Ikon Park. The club was established in 1882 as the Preston Football Club, the club participated in the VFA between 1903 and 1912, and since 1926. After World War II, the club was known as the Bullants, the club became the Northern Bullants. Ahead of the 2012 season, the club adopted the colours and nickname of its AFL-affiliate, the club was formed in 1882 but little is known of its first three years before the Shire of Jika Jika changed its name in September 1885 to Preston. Preston and another club, Gowerville and competed at lower levels of the Victorian Junior Football Association. Further premierships followed in 1901 and 1902, no finals being played as Preston finished the two games clear of their nearest rivals to claim the title. Despite a reasonable opening season where they won six games, the club struggled to find players, with Northcote joining the Association in 1908, pressure was applied for the two clubs to merge and the VFA forced the issue early in 1912.
Preston were simply promoted before their time, by 1912, the district numbered just 4,800 people spread over 8,800 acres, of the other suburbs represented in the VFA, the next smallest was Brighton with 11,000. Prestons leading player during early VFA days was Sid Hall, a centre half-back regarded as the best high mark in the competition. Despite the lack of success, Preston managed to some fine players to League ranks in Percy Ogden, Hedley Tompkins and Bill Hendrie, Hugh James, Joe Prince, George Doull. Prestons place was taken by Melbourne City who didnt win a game in the two years before they folded, the nucleus of the Preston club returned to the First-Rate Division of the Victorian Junior Football Association. Ogden returned to captain-coach the clun in 1916 and 1917 while Essendon were in recess for the First World Warr, with the loss of North Melbourne and Hawthorn to the League in 1925, the Association accepted Preston and Camberwell into their ranks for the 1926 season. The team used their uniform from junior days, a red stripe down the chest and back.
This time the club was ready for senior ranks, raising a few eyebrows when they won nine of the 18 games in their first season as well as supplying the Recorder Cup winner, William Bluey Summers. A finals appearance came the year, Prestons first ever senior final finished in a draw with Brighton. Needing to win 12 games straight to ensure a spot, Preston managed to sneak in with 11 wins and a draw. Despite the modest finals record, the club provided the 1934 and 1936 Recorder Cup winners in Danny Warr and Bert Hyde respectively. Leading players up to World War 2 included Summers, Bert Smith, Frankie Dickie Dowling and Bill Socks Maslen, although he was never a star with Preston, 17-year-old Bert Deacon played his first match in 1940, becoming Carltons first Brownlow Medallist in 1947
J. J. Liston Trophy
The J. J. Liston Trophy is awarded annually to the best and fairest senior player in the Victorian Football League. The first award for the Association best and fairest player was the Woodham Cup, named after North Melbourne committeeman Alf Woodham, the Woodham Cup was renamed the Recorder Cup, named after the Associations official match-day publication, in 1926. Starting from 1933, an award, the V. F. A. From 1933 until 1939, both the Recorder Cup and the V. F. A, Medal were presented annually based on the votes of the umpires, but the two awards were given based on different voting systems. The two best and fairest awards were combined into one in 1940, when the Association dispensed with the Recorder Cup voting system, in 1940 and 1941, Medal and the Recorder Cup were awarded as trophies to the same player based on the same set of votes. From 1961 until 1988, when the Association operated in two divisions, the Liston Trophy was awarded to the best and fairest in Division 1, a separate award, known as the J.
Field Medal, was awarded for the second division. The current voting system for the J. J. Liston Trophy is the same as for the Australian Football Leagues Brownlow Medal, a player is ineligible to win the award if he is suspended for a reportable offence during the season. If more than one player ties for the highest number of votes and this was amended in 1933, such that the umpire awarded a single vote to the overall best player on the ground, this voting system was used from 1933 until 1939. Medals were combined in 1940, and was used for Liston Trophy voting until 1980. This system was used only in 1981, and the present day 3-2-1 voting system, during the 1930s, multiple players could win the V. F. A. Medal if they were tied on number of votes. J. J. Liston Trophy † denotes the award was won retrospectively, Recorder Cup/Woodham Cup * Awarded under V. F. A. Medal From 1961 until 1988, the J. Field Medal was awarded to the best and fairest in the Associations second division, the award was originally known simply as the Division 2 Best and Fairest until 1968, was named after former secretary Jack Field in 1969. J.
Field Medal JJ Liston Trophy Winners
Prahran Football Club
Since 2007, the club has competed in D1 Section of the Victorian Amateur Football Association. The nickname Two Blues comes from the uniform which has been royal blue. Prahran fields Senior, Club XVIII and junior teams, the senior team was coached in 2006 by Leigh Stafford, who resigned from the coaching role at the end of the season. In 2007 the new coach is Paul Greenham, who has played for Richmond and its sister team is the Deakin Devils – a Division 1 Victorian Womens Football League team. Kevin Sheedy – former coach of Essendon Football Club and former Richmond player, sam Kekovich – North Melbourne Premiership player and well known football identity. Don Chipp – Australian Federal politician, a former Liberal Minister in the Australian government and inaugural leader of the Australian Democrats political party. Played in the clubs 1951 VFA Premiership team, after 1887, it amalgamated with the neighbouring St Kilda Football Club, which was based less than a mile away. A new senior Prahran Football Club was established in March 1899, and joined the VFA that season, in 1999, the club merged with Southbank Amateur Football Club in 1999 and joined the Victorian Amateur Football Association under the stewardship of Herald Sun racing writer Tim Habel.
It re-established its junior arm, after commencing with just two teams, the club now has eight junior teams and has formed a joint Under 19 team with Caulfield Football Club. In 2010, a voint venture with Assumption College was approved and in 2011 the club changed its name to Prahran/Assumption Football Club
Australian rules football in Tasmania
Despite not being represented in a national competition, it remains the most popular sport in the state, and has the second highest participation rate in the country. The football club formed in New Town in 1864 is believed to be the earliest in Tasmania -, by the mid- to late 1860s, more stable clubs, including Derwent and Stowell Football, emerged. In 1871 the Break ODay club was formed and in 1875 the Launceston Club was created, other clubs to start soon after were Longford, Launceston Church Grammar School and Cornwall, which became City in 1880. The City and Richmond clubs were formed in 1877 and the Oatlands, New Town formally started in 1878 and along with City and Richmond formed the basis of the game in Hobart, while in Launceston the abovementioned clubs formed the basis for the NTFA. On 1 May 1879 members of the Tasmanian Cricket Association met and decided to form a club for their members and they initially adopted English Association Rules before succumbing to the pressure to play Victorian Rules.
The history of local Tasmanian football differs considerably from any of the mainland states, whereas mainland states had a major population centre around which a single dominant league was based, Tasmanias population was more evenly distributed. The Tasmanian Football League, based around Hobart, began in 1879, the Northern Tasmanian Football Association, based around Launceston, began in 1886. The leagues were small in the era, with only three clubs competing in the TFL and NTFA, and four in the NWFU. Intrastate games between teams in the leagues were a regular fixture during these years. In the 1920s, the TANFL and NFTA expanded to four teams apiece, after World War II, all leagues underwent further expansion. The TANFL switched to a selection, and expanded to six clubs. The NFTA expanded to six teams, the NWFU expanded from six teams to as many as fourteen, with a short-lived incorporation of four Circular Head-based clubs, but eventually contracted back to eight. The local leagues were popular and attracted large crowds.
There were always made to somehow consolidate the major Tasmanian leagues into one statewide competition. The earliest and longest-lasting was the Tasmanian State Premiership, which began in 1909 as a single Grand Final game between the TANFL and NTFA premiers, for the right to be the State Premiers, the Hobart-based teams initially dominated, winning the first fourteen such contests. In 1950, the NWFU Premier was invited to contest for the State Premiership, the final State Premiership was played in 1978. The competition was not popular with the clubs, who believed the organisation of the league biased towards the Hobart-based league. In response, they refused to play another Winfield Statewide Cup, the GNFL experiment lasted only the 1981 and 1982 seasons
Brighton Football Club
Brighton Football Club was an Australian rules football club which played in the Victorian Football Association. The club was based in the Melbourne suburb of Brighton, and was nicknamed the Penguins, after suffering financial hardship throughout the 1950s, Brighton moved to Caulfield and became the Caulfield Bears in the early to mid-1960s. The club is believed to have formed in 1885 and seven years became a foundation member of the Metropolitan Junior Football Association. During this time, Brighton played its matches at the Brighton Beach Oval. Brighton first played football in the VFA in 1926 with help from former Fitzroy player Gordon Rattray who coached the club. They made it all the way to the final before losing to Coburg. Brighton almost folded while the Association was in recess during World War II, four years later, in 1948, the club won its first and only top division premiership. The club was one of several which struggled badly both on and off the field after the era ended in 1950.
In twelve seasons from 1952 until 1963, the club won eight wooden spoons, coupled with its existing off-field problems, the club lost occupancy of its home ground at Elsternwick Park after the 1961 season. The club managed to survive, after merging with the Federal Leagues South Caulfield Football Club to form a new team known as Brighton-Caulfield, the merger did not help the clubs on-field performances, and its first two seasons as a merged club yielded wooden spoons. After competing as Brighton-Caulfield for three seasons, the club eliminated almost all links to its Brighton heritage in 1965 as the sought to appeal more strongly to fans in its new suburb. The club competed in the Association as the Caulfield Football Club until the end of the 1987 season
Moorabbin Football Club
Moorabbin Football Club, nicknamed the Kangaroos, was the name of two distinct Australian rules football clubs which played in the Victorian Football Association. The second club played in the VFA from 1983 to 1987, Moorabbin played initially in the Federal Football League, making their debut in 1909 and competing until 1950. During this time the club won 12 premierships, including winning all six premierships staged over the nine years between 1940 and 1948, the club entered the VFA in 1951. The Kangaroos made the 1954 and 1955 finals series without success, who were coached by Bill Faul, took on Port Melbourne in the Grand Final, whom they had not once beaten since joining the league. In another upset, Moorabbin won comfortably to claim their maiden VFA premiership, in 1958, Moorabbin reached the Grand Final once more, but were forced to return the following weekend after drawing with Williamstown. The replay was won by Williamstown, the first and only instance of a final replay in the VFA.
By the 1960s, the club was one of the strongest both on and off the field in the VFA and its 1962 match payments to players of £12 for a win and £6 for a loss were the highest in Association history. The club was minor premier in three years from 1961 until 1963, and reached the 1962 and 1963 Grand Finals. It lost in remarkable fashion to Sandringham in 1962 – despite trailing by 44 points at three quarter time, Sandringham put on an eight goal final quarter to win by a single point. In the early 1960s, the Moorabbin Council was very keen to bring a Victorian Football League team to Moorabbin Oval. The council was the driving force, but the extent to which the club supported the council in its ambitions put the club in dispute with the VFA over its loyalty. In November 1963, Moorabbin survived by a vote a motion to have it expelled from the Association, over its role in the councils approaches that year to VFL clubs Richmond. The club originally intended to seek readmission for the 1965 season, but in July the club decided to withdraw permanently from the Association.
The merged club competed in the Federal League until 1981, after which the league folded, the club was admitted to the expanded VFA second division in 1983. The club competed for just over four years in Division 2, its best performance coming in 1985 when it recruited champion goalkicker Fred Cook, the Moorabbin name is now used by the Moorabbin Kangaroos Football Club in the Southern Football League. The club was known as Moorabbin West Football Club, taking on the new name from 2003. VFA Premierships 1957,1963 J. J. Liston Trophy winners Les Moroney Full Points Footy, Moorabbin
Adelaide Oval is a stadium in Adelaide, South Australia, located in the parklands between the city centre and North Adelaide. The stadium is used for cricket and Australian rules football, but plays host to rugby league, rugby union, soccer. The Oval has been headquarters to the South Australian Cricket Association since 1871, the stadium is managed by the Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority. Redevelopments between 2008 and 2014, costing $575 million, increased the seating capacity from 34,000 to 53,583. The Adelaide and Port Adelaide Football Clubs returned to the stadium, in 2010, Austadiums. com called the Adelaide Oval one of the most picturesque Test cricket grounds in Australia, if not the world. In December 2009 South Australian Premier Mike Rann announced a $450 million government commitment to redevelop Adelaide Oval to enable AFL Football to be played there, in May 2011 Treasurer Kevin Foley announced an increase in government funding to $535 million. 1871 - The ground was established in 1871 after the formation of SACA, among those responsible for the original construction were John Pickering and Henry Sparks.
1877 - The first South Australian Football Association match that took place on the ground was between Adelaide Football Club and the Bankers, Adelaide won the match 4 goals to 1. 1877 – The first first-class cricket match played at the ground between South Australia and Tasmania on 10 and 12 November 1877, South Australia was victorious, winning by an innings and 13 runs. 1878 – The first century was scored by John Hill on 30 January 1878, John was the father of the great Clem Hill. 1884 – The first Test match played at the Oval was held from 12–16 December 1884, England beat Australia by eight wickets. 1885 – The first football game lit by light was conducted on the evening of 1 July 1885. 1889 – The first Grand Final in a major Australian rules football competition was played between Norwood and Port Adelaide, Norwood won the game 7.4 to 5.9. 1894 – In 1894–95 Albert Trott collected 8/43 on debut against England,1900 – The picket fence was put up surrounding the Oval in 1900. 1911 – From 5–12 August 1911 the Australian Football Council Carnival was played at the ground, the competing sides were SA, VFL, VFA, Western Australia and New South Wales.
1911 – The Adelaide Oval scoreboard, designed by architect Kenneth Milne, the clock was added in 1912 and the windvane in the 1930s. 1914 - The Port Adelaide Football Club defeated the Carlton Football Club for their fourth Championship of Australia title defeating the Victorian side by 34 points,9.16 to 5.6. 1931 – In 1931–32 Donald Bradman scored the highest score ever at the ground in Test Cricket, in the same game, Clarrie Grimmett collected fourteen wickets, the most ever taken in a Test match at the ground by a bowler
Oakleigh Football Club
Oakleigh Football Club, nicknamed the Devils, was an Australian rules football club from Oakleigh which played in the VFA from 1929 until 1994. Oakleigh wore purple guernseys with a gold monogram thus giving them their nickname the Purple. The club was formed in 1891 and after having success in the Melbourne Districts Association, they were one of two teams admitted into the VFA in 1929, the other being Sandringham. With former Essendon star and future Carlton coach Frank Maher in charge they won a premiership in just their second season with a 9-point win over Northcote in a spiteful game,9.6 to 7.9. The two sides met once more in the Grand Final the following year and Oakleigh again got the better of Northcote and they earned the minor premiership the following season and outplayed Port Melbourne to win their third premiership. In 1952 the teams met again in the Grand Final and Oakleigh won comfortably, another drought ensued and Oakleigh didnt make the finals again until 1959. They won their 5th premiership in 1960 despite not being able to play at their ground which was having resurfacing work.
In the following decade they made consecutive Grand Final appearances in 1972,1973 and 1974, Oakleigh remained in the second division for the rest of that divisions existence, losing a number of grand finals along the way, until 1988 when they finally won the premiership. At the end of season, the two division format was scrapped and all of the existing VFA clubs were merged into one competition for the following season. Oakleigh struggled to make an impact in the competition and never managed to move far off the bottom of the ladder again. The Chargers were one of two additional metropolitan clubs introduced to the TAC Cup in 1995 as part of a plan by the AFL to replace the traditional club zones with independent junior clubs and they are based at Warrawee Park in Oakleigh, representing the southeastern suburban area of Melbourne. Melbourne District Association 1907,1924,1928 Victorian Football Association 1930,1931,1950,1952,1960,1967,1972,1988 Carlton – Jack Howell, Bryan Quirk, collingwood – Bill Jones, and Alby Pannam.
St Kilda – Wally Gunnyon and Eric Guy, richard Di Natale - Australian Senator 2010-. Leader, Australian Greens 2015- Keith Schleiger -, shane Rogers - National Recruiting Manager Carlton Football Club Cory Young - Liston Trophy Joe Garbiou - Liston Trophy Derek King – Liston Trophy and Field Medal. Brian Matthey - J Field Medal Rino Pretto –874 career goals for Oakleigh, and one of only two men to have kicked 1000 VFA/VFL goals
Port Melbourne Football Club
The Port Melbourne Football Club, nicknamed The Borough, is an Australian rules football club based in the Melbourne suburb of Port Melbourne and is currently playing in the Victorian Football League. The club currently has no reserves alignment with an Australian Football League club, the Borough joined the Victorian Football Association in 1886 and has played in every season since then. In 1897, Port Melbourne was left out of the group of eight clubs which formed the breakaway VFL competition, the club, and the suburb of Port Melbourne in general, were heavily associated with wharf labourers and the union movement. During a 1928 waterfront strike in Melbourne, a wharf labourer protesting the use of labour was shot by police, as a result. The policy remained in place until the late 1950s, for most, the nickname of the Borough may seem strange, but its origins lie when the team was based in what was known as the Borough of Port Melbourne. The name stuck, even after the area was upgraded to the status of town, Port Melbourne went on to become one of the strongest clubs in the VFA, and today still attracts some of the biggest crowds to its games.
Traditionally the Boroughs greatest rivals are the Williamstown Seagulls and the Sandringham Zebras, all three teams continue to play in the VFL to this day. Prior to the breakaway of the VFL from the VFA in 1897. Port Melbourne has been affiliated with the Oakleigh Chargers TAC Cup team since the 1999 season and it had previously been affiliated with the Geelong Falcons, and in 1995 was part of a three-way affiliation which saw it share the Calder Cannons and Western Jets with Williamstown and Coburg. The Port Melbourne Football Clubs Guernsey is royal blue with red vertical stripes, the club song is sung to the tune of Youre a Grand Old Flag. In 2011, Port Melbourne completed a season, winning all eighteen home-and-away games. It was the first perfect season in the VFA/VFL first division since 1918, the Port Melbourne Football Club team of the century was chosen in 2003, combining all the clubs greats from across its long history. Hyde, W. Findlay, F. Johnson, V. Aanensen, S. Allender, W. Swan, S.
Harkins, S. Valenti Highest Score,43.29 v the Sandringham Zebras in 1941 Lowest Score,0.2 v Prahran F
Western Australia Australian rules football team
The Western Australia Australian rules football team, known as the Sandgropers, is the state representative side of Western Australia in the sport of Australian rules football. Western Australia has a long and intense rivalry with Victoria, the 1986 game between Western Australia and Victoria is regarded by many people as one of the greatest games – not just in State of Origin – but in the 150 years of Australian Football. Also contributing a feeling in Western Australia that Victoria never gave them the credit they deserve, Western Australia played several interstate matches annually from 1904 until when State of Origin ended in 1999. Western Australia has participated in every Australian National Football Carnival, throughout the majority of the teams history its players came from the West Australian Football League. Between 1977-1999 West Australian players in the Victorian Football League played State of Origin football for the Sandgropers, Western Australia has won three State of Origin Carnival championships.
The 1980s were Western Australias most successful period, winning the Australian Championship three times, Western Australia won the historic first State of Origin game against Victoria in 1977 by 94 points. This game was a significant endorsement of the concept as a Victorian team had defeated the West Australian team under the selection rules by 64 points in the same year. Although Western Australia has a strong rivalry with South Australia. It has been described that Western Australia has disdain for Victoria, some games widely regarded as some of the best in the history of Australian football were played between Western Australia and Victoria in the 1980s. Some include the games in 1986 and 1984, which were high scoring, leigh Matthews in a game against Western Australia knocked out Barry Cable with a high hit, at Subiaco Oval. The incident caused an amount of angst in Western Australia. Shane Parker a former Western Australia player, has stated about his memories of State of Origin growing up Oh and it was a really big thing to see the WA side play, particularly against Victoria.
Paul Roos has stated about State of Origin games against Western Australia, Western Australia has an intense rivalry with South Australia. Fans at games between South Australia and Western Australia have been described as vociferous and parochial, a game between Western Australia and South Australia in Adelaide has been described as parochialism raining. The medal has been awarded since 1946, between 1995-1998 the Graham Moss Medal was awarded to the best player from a Western Australian team