Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain. It shares a border with England to the south, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles, the Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain. The union also created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles, titles, the legal system within Scotland has also remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland, Scotland constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in both public and private law. Glasgow, Scotlands largest city, was one of the worlds leading industrial cities. Other major urban areas are Aberdeen and Dundee, Scottish waters consist of a large sector of the North Atlantic and the North Sea, containing the largest oil reserves in the European Union. This has given Aberdeen, the third-largest city in Scotland, the title of Europes oil capital, following a referendum in 1997, a Scottish Parliament was re-established, in the form of a devolved unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, having authority over many areas of domestic policy. Scotland is represented in the UK Parliament by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs, Scotland is also a member nation of the British–Irish Council, and the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Scotland comes from Scoti, the Latin name for the Gaels, the Late Latin word Scotia was initially used to refer to Ireland. By the 11th century at the latest, Scotia was being used to refer to Scotland north of the River Forth, alongside Albania or Albany, the use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass all of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages. Repeated glaciations, which covered the land mass of modern Scotland. It is believed the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, the groups of settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500 years ago, and the first villages around 6,000 years ago. The well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period and it contains the remains of an early Bronze Age ruler laid out on white quartz pebbles and birch bark. It was also discovered for the first time that early Bronze Age people placed flowers in their graves, in the winter of 1850, a severe storm hit Scotland, causing widespread damage and over 200 deaths. In the Bay of Skaill, the storm stripped the earth from a large irregular knoll, when the storm cleared, local villagers found the outline of a village, consisting of a number of small houses without roofs. William Watt of Skaill, the laird, began an amateur excavation of the site, but after uncovering four houses
Clyde Football Club are a Scottish professional football club based in Cumbernauld, who play in Scottish League Two. Formed in 1877 at the River Clyde, the play their home games at Broadwood Stadium. The Clyde Football Club was founded and played on the banks of the River Clyde at Barrowfield, documentary evidence from the SFA and indeed match reports in the Glasgow press clearly show it all began in 1877, and the thread continues unbroken to this day. Heres how the SFA recorded Clydes origins, Sitting on the edge of Bridgeton, Barrowfield Park lay in a triangle of land enclosed by Carstairs Street, Colvend Street and the river Clyde. The area was a mix of chemical, engineering and textile works with a high population density to provide the labour. Today this area is dotted with industrial units, but also contains a grassed area. So it may be possible to stand upon a corner of the original Barrowfield pitch, Barrowfield was originally shared with a short-lived team called Albatross. The club founded then has no resemblance to a professional football club. Clyde F. C. were a members club more akin to a present-day golf or bowling club. Clydes Secretary, John Graham, was also a rower and it seems the club had other sporting. Although most fixtures were informal, the Scottish Cup had existed since 1873, soon there would also be the Glasgow Merchants & Charity Cup and the Glasgow Cup that in their time were hotly contested major competitions. Clyde entered the 1st Round of the Scottish Cup on 29 September 1877 along with one hundred, Third Lanark were the visitors once again and they triumphed 1–0. Clyde joined the Scottish Football League in 1891, following acceptance, Vale of Leven provided the opposition for Clydes first League fixture on Saturday,15 August 1891. In a dream introduction to League football Clyde triumphed 10–3, a mid-table finish saw Clyde complete a confident season in League football, with League football an undoubted success, Barrowfield revealed its limitations and simply could not cope with the crowds as many gained illegal entry. Opposition teams complained about the facilities and it was clear that Clyde would have to do something to appease the League, the solution lay directly across the Clyde on some open ground known as Shawfield. Clyde endured a final season at Barrowfield finishing bottom of Division 1. The final action at Barrowfield was a friendly against crack opposition in the form of Sunderland on 30 April 1898 ending in a 3–3 draw, at a stroke Clyde transformed from Brigtonians to Shawfielders. Clyde said farewell to Barrowfield in the spring of 1898, across the river lay an area of undeveloped land known as Shawfield
The Celtic Football Club is a professional football club based in Glasgow, Scotland, which plays in the Scottish Premiership. The club was founded in 1887 with the purpose of alleviating poverty in the immigrant Irish population in the East End of Glasgow and they played their first match in May 1888, a friendly match against Rangers which Celtic won 5–2. Celtic established itself within Scottish football, winning six league titles during the first decade of the 20th century. The club enjoyed their greatest successes during the 1960s and 70s under Jock Stein when they won nine league titles. Celtic have won the Scottish League Championship on 48 occasions, most recently in the 2016–17 season, the Scottish Cup 36 times, Celtic also reached the 1970 European Cup Final, and the 2003 UEFA Cup Final. Celtic have a fierce rivalry with Rangers, and the clubs have become known as the Old Firm. The two clubs have dominated Scottish football, winning 102 league titles between them since the inception of the Scottish League in 1890. The clubs fanbase was estimated in 2003 as being around nine million worldwide, an estimated 80,000 fans travelled to Seville for the 2003 UEFA Cup Final. The club has the nickname, The Bhoys. However, according to the Celtic press office, the established club was known to many as the bold boys. A postcard from the early 20th century that pictured the team, the extra h imitates the spelling system of Gaelic, wherein the letter b is often accompanied by the letter h. On 28 May 1888, Celtic played their first official match against Rangers, Neil McCallum scored Celtics first ever goal. Celtics first kit consisted of a shirt with a green collar, black shorts. The original club crest was a green cross on a red oval background. In 1889 Celtic reached the final of the Scottish Cup, this was their first season in the competition, Celtic again reached the final of the Scottish Cup in 1892, but this time were victorious after defeating Queens Park 5–1 in the final, the clubs first major honour. Several months later the moved to its new ground, Celtic Park. In 1895, Celtic set the League record for the highest home score when they beat Dundee 11–0, in 1897, the club became a Private limited company and Willie Maley was appointed as the first secretary-manager. Between 1905 and 1910, Celtic won the Scottish League Championship six times in a row, in both 1907 and 1908 Celtic also won the Scottish Cup, this was the first time a Scottish club had ever won the Double
The Scottish Football Association Challenge Cup, commonly known as the Scottish Cup, is an annual association football knock-out cup competition for mens football clubs in Scotland. The competition was first held in 1873–74, entry is open to all clubs with full or associate membership of the Scottish Football Association. The competition is called the William Hill Scottish Cup for sponsorship reasons and it was first presented to Queens Park, who won the final match of the inaugural tournament in March 1874. The current holder is Hibernian, who won the tournament for the time by defeating Rangers 3–2 in the 2016 final. The tournament starts at the beginning of the Scottish football season in August or September, the Scottish Cup Final is usually the last game of the season, taking place at the end of May. Participating teams enter the tournament at different stages depending on their league ranking, the lowest ranked clubs enter the tournament at the first round whilst the highest ranked, those that compete in the Scottish Premiership, enter at the fourth round stage. The competition is a knock-out tournament, in each round of games the teams are paired at random, with the first team drawn listed as the home team. Every game lasts 90 minutes plus any additional stoppage time, the winner of each game advances to the next round, whilst the loser is eliminated from the tournament. If a game ends in a draw, the fixture is replayed at the ground of the other team at a later date. If the replay also ends in a draw,30 minutes of time is played followed by a penalty shoot-out if there is still no clear winner. In the semi-final and final rounds, if the ends in a draw there is no replay. The competition has a staggered entry system, Scottish League One and six Scottish Championship clubs started in the third round, while the remaining four Championship clubs and all 12 Scottish Premiership clubs entered in the fourth round. Any club that is a full or associate member of the Scottish Football Association is entitled to compete in the tournament, every team that plays in the Scottish Professional Football League is therefore eligible. Between 1895 and 2007, clubs that were SFA members but not competitors in the professional football leagues could only qualify for the tournament by winning the Scottish Qualifying Cup. Clubs that are not members of the SFA may still qualify for the tournament by winning the Highland League, Lowland League, three junior clubs, Banks O Dee, Girvan and Linlithgow Rose are also SFA members and therefore qualify automatically. From 2015, the winners of the Scottish Amateur Cup are also eligible to qualify, players that are registered with a competing club are eligible to play. However, players are not entitled to play for more than one club during the same tournament, each club names eleven players and up to five substitutes before every match. In order to play in the match, a player must have also been registered to compete in the semi-final round for the same club
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Civil Service Strollers F.C.
Civil Service Strollers Football Club are a senior non-league football team from Edinburgh, Scotland currently playing in the Lowland Football League. They moved to the Edinburgh Area Civil Service Sports Association in Muirhouse in 1957, in 2000–01, the club entered into a partnership with Talloaks to develop youth football, with the Talloaks youth teams taking on the name CS Strollers. At the start of the 2001–02 season, the partnership was extended to all other ages of organised football. 2001–02 saw the Strollers having, for the first time, a fully incorporated womens team and their current management team includes Alex Cunningham and Ricky Clapperton
Brora Rangers F.C.
Brora Rangers Football Club are a senior part-time professional football club from the village of Brora, Sutherland, in the far North of Scotland. They play in the Highland Football League, of which they have twice been champions, having won their first title in 2013–14 and they have also won the North of Scotland Cup four times, in 1980–81, 1990–91, 2013–14 and 2014–15. The Highland League Cup was won by The Cattachs for the first time in 2015–16, Brora Rangers play at Dudgeon Park, Brora, and hold a rivalry with neighbours Wick Academy, in the Northern Derby. Brora Rangers were founded in 1879, in 1933 they gained access to membership of the Scottish Football Association and entered the draw for the Scottish Qualifying Cup competition. They were accepted into membership of the Highland Football League in 1962, the club won their first ever Highland Football League title in the 2013–14 season after a 3–0 win against Keith on 5 March at Kynoch Park. They are the most northernly club to win the League title to date and they set several postwar Highland League records over the season, most points, greatest margin of victory in the league, highest win rate, fewest goals conceded and highest positive goal difference. They ended the season with a 19-game unbeaten run which subsequently carried on into the 2014–15 season, with a draw against Fraserburgh in their 38th and final match of the year, Brora achieved the distinction of being unbeaten in league matches for the whole of 2014. Their unbeaten run in the Highland league eventually extended to 57 matches across three seasons, ending with a 3–0 defeat by Cove Rangers on 22 August 2015. The club retained its Highland League title in the 2014–15 season, three days earlier, Brora scored their 125th league goal of the season against their northern rivals Wick Academy, beating Inverness Thistles previous postwar record of 124 in the 1969–70 season. With a record of Won 30, Drew 4, Lost 0, they ended the season as unbeaten champions, as Highland League champions, Brora entered the newly introduced promotion playoffs against Lowland League champions Edinburgh City. They won 4–2 in a penalty shootout after a 2–2 aggregate draw, Brora played off against Montrose, the bottom-placed club in Scottish League Two, for a place in League Two for the 2015–16 season. After winning their home leg 1–0, Brora suffered a 3–1 defeat in the away game, the prospect of a future promotion to the national leagues has proven controversial due to the distances that players and supporters would be expected to travel to many of the away games. However following Broras successful defence of their Highland League title, chairman John Young said that the club had looked at all options and we meet SPFL criteria for entry level so we can’t opt out, we’ve got to go for it. Besides the impact on the club, it has suggested that Brora itself would benefit economically from players and supporters of Southern clubs visiting the town. Brora originally played at Inverbrora Park, which is now the site of the Hunters of Brora woollen mills, the grounds capacity is 2,000, including 200 seats. The record attendance was set in 2013 when over 2,000 people watched Brora play Rangers in a friendly match, as of 31 March 2017 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Highland Football League, 2013–14, 2014–15 League Cup, 2015–16 North of Scotland Cup, 1980–81, 1990–91, 2013–14, 2014–15 Inverness Cup, 1994–95 Scottish Qualifying Cup, 1979–80 Official website
Ross County F.C.
Ross County Football Club is a Scottish professional football club based in Dingwall, Highland. They play all of their matches at the Global Energy Stadium in Dingwall. The club currently play in the Scottish Premiership after winning promotion as champions of the First Division in the 2011–12 season, prior to the 1994–95 season they played in the Highland Football League, a competition they won three times. They have also won the Scottish First Division, Second Division, Third Division, in 2010, they reached the Scottish Cup Final and in 2016, they won the Scottish League Cup. Nicknamed The Staggies, Countys home colours are blue and white. The club was subsequently renamed Ross County, playing in the Highland League from 1929, they won the championship on three occasions, first in 1967, then in 1991 and 1992. They also gained a reputation for their performances in the early rounds of the Scottish Cup. The most notable of these came on 8 January 1994, when they won 4–0 at Forfar Athletic. County gathered 57 votes, while the merger to form Inverness Caledonian Thistle amassed 68. In 1998–99 they were Champions of the Third Division and thereby won promotion to the Second Division and this resulted in promotion to the First Division thanks to a reorganisation of the League, with the Premier League being expanded from ten clubs to twelve. After seven seasons in the First Division Ross County were relegated back to the Second Division in 2006–07 and they won the Second Division in 2007–08, and were promoted back to the First Division. Ross County finished their first season back in the First Division in 8th place and their manager for a very short spell until October 2005, was former Inverness and Hearts manager John Robertson. He left the club on 24 October 2005, due to differences of opinion on a number of issues with the chairman. Gardner Spiers, a former Aberdeen coach, was appointed caretaker manager, director of Football George Adams took temporary charge before former Motherwell player Scott Leitch was appointed on 18 April 2006. Ross County won their first ever trophy when they won the Scottish Challenge Cup in November 2006 on penalties with Jason Crooks scoring the deciding spot kick on his competitive debut. Leitch, after winning the Challenge Cup but suffering relegation, stood down at the end of the 2006–07 season, former Partick Thistle manager Dick Campbell was announced as his replacement in May 2007. However, after a run of results to start their Division 2 campaign, Campbell. Derek Adams took over as caretaker, and was confirmed as permanent manager a month later, after the good form continued
Fraserburgh Football Club are a senior football club based in Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire. The fishing port is known locally as The Broch hence the club nickname, the club were formed in 1910 and play at Bellslea Park. Prior to 1910, they played as a side made up of the best players from the local amateur league. Fraserburghs first ever match was a tie in the Scottish Qualifying Cup against rivals Peterhead. In their very first season went on to win the Aberdeenshire Cup. They were granted admission into the Highland Football League in 1921 and up until that time competed in the Aberdeenshire Cup. Fraserburghs most famous victory was in the Scottish Cup on 31 January 1959 and this is widely regarded as the biggest ever giant killing shock in the Scottish Cup. Only one of the six crew members survived, after the disaster, Jock Stein took his European Cup Finalists, Celtic up to the Broch for a fundraising game, which Fraserburgh lost 7–0. Another one of Fraserburghs most memorable games was a 10–0 victory away to local rivals Peterhead in the Highland League Cup on 14 August 1974. During 1984, Charlie Duncan was named new manager due to Brian McCanns departure, eventually reaching his 1, duncans tenure ended when he got sacked from the club in July 2011, after an eventful 27 years at the helm. The Broch then appointed ex-Turriff Utd manager and former striker Kris Hunter as their new manager for the beginning of the 2011–12 season and they have always had a rivalry with Peterhead but as Peterhead got promoted into the Scottish league the rivalry has wavered somewhat. The clubs home ground is Bellslea Park, the capacity is around the 2,500 mark, and the stand can hold about 450 people. As of 27 March 2017 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Gala Fairydean Rovers F.C.
Gala Fairydean Rovers Football Club are a Scottish association football club based in the town of Galashiels in the Scottish Borders. The club competes in the Lowland League, after joining from the East of Scotland Football League in 2013, at the same time the club changed its name to Gala Fairydean Rovers, following a merger between Gala Fairydean and Gala Rovers. Gala Rovers won the Border Amateur Football League 13 times, in 2000 -2001 Gala Rovers were the first ever side to play a whole domestic season without dropping any points. Gala Fairydean won the East of Scotland Football League eight times, the club reached 15 Scottish Qualifying Cup South finals, winning it 11 times, before the competition was abolished in 2007. Gala Fairydean Rovers qualify automatically for the Scottish Cup as a member of the Scottish Football Association, the best performance by the club was reaching the third round, done on five occasions. The club plays its matches at Netherdale in Galashiels. Gala Fairydean Rovers FC was first formed in 1894, in 1907 the club was separated into two teams, known as Gala Fairydean and Gala Rovers. The first Gala Rovers was the team of Gala Fairydean. Both clubs ceased operations in 1914 due to the outbreak of the First World War, Gala Fairydean resumed in 1919, after the war had ended, and was a founder member of the East of Scotland Football League in 1923. Gala Rovers were only reformed in 1947 and joined the Border Amateur League, although the two clubs were separate, they were closely linked through operations such as a joint lottery. Although Gala Fairydean were a club and needed funds to pay players, Gala Rovers were amateur. This helped to fund construction of the 1960s main stand at Netherdale, Gala Fairydean applied to join the Scottish Football League in 1966,1994,2000 and 2002, but were unsuccessful on each occasion. The two clubs merged to form Gala Fairydean Rovers FC in 2013, the club was admitted into the new Lowland Football League in 2013. Gala Fairydean first played its matches at Eastlands Park in Galashiels between 1909 and 1913, before moving to Mossilee for a spell until the 1920s. The club moved back to Eastlands, and stayed until 1929, Netherdale has been the clubs home since 1929 and is located in the south-east of Galashiels. The grounds main stand was designed by architect Peter Womersley, alongside engineers Ove Arup. The stand has a capacity for 750 spectators and the ground as a whole up to 4,000, the cantilevered concrete structure is protected as a Category A listed building. The club bought 300 seats from Newcastle Uniteds St James Park stadium when it was refurbished, general Dean Unveil Dream Team Fairydean legend Notman slams Youth Coaching Row over Gala player Gass explodes Latest Gala Fairydean Committee unveiled Official website Gala Fairydean at Soccerbase
Aberdeen University F.C.
Aberdeen University Football Club is an association football team representing the University of Aberdeen. The University Club was formed in 1872 and became members of the SFA in 1904, Aberdeen University has made three appearances in the Scottish Cup competition. In 1907, Aberdeen University lost 5–1 to Raith Rovers at Kirkcaldy whilst in 1925 the Club travelled to Dundee United only to go down 5–1 in the first Round, the only home tie played by the Uni was in 1913 when the visitors were Peebles Rovers. In front of 2000 spectators, Aberdeen University lost 3–0, in season 1963–64, the University clinched the prestigious local amateur knockout competition, the Bowie Cup, for the very first time. The following season saw the University enter the Scottish Amateur Cup for the very first time only to defeat in the first Round at the hands of Doune Castle. Their defence of the Bowie Cup came to an end against Cove Rangers, at this time a great rivalry existed between the University and, at that time, fellow amateurs Cove Rangers. The 1960s were a time for the University led by coach Tudar Hale who later left to take up an appointment in England. In 1969 Dr Eric Farr took over as Coach and led the University to further success at SUSF, in 1969, the club was also awarded the Allender Memorial Trophy as the most outstanding Club within the Athletic Association. This was the year Aberdeen went on to win the European Cup Winners Cup, the previous year Aberdeen had again lost out narrowly to Peterhead who had a certain Joe Harper leading the line. There was some success at Universities level with the Uni Strollers claiming the Paterson Trophy for the first time, in 1987–88, an Aberdeen side coached by former players, Craig Graham and Mark Stewart, finally reclaimed the Queens Park Shield as SUSF Champions. Four Aberdeen players – Mark Thomson, Dave Lewis, Ali Bryce and Gavin Dennis went on to represent Scottish Universities with Bryce, the following season Steve Laing was picked as a member of the SUSF team. The final decade of the 20th century saw mixed fortunes for the Club, although the Club finally regained its rightful place in Amateur League Division 1 with promotion in 1996–97, it failed to win the SUSF Title and was almost relegated to Merit League 2. These feats were recognised when the Club was awarded the Allender Trophy as best Club in the AA for only the second time. January 2000 saw a memorable day for the University F. C. when a strong Aberdeen side were held to a 0–0 draw in a friendly fixture held at Cameron Barracks. The Dons side included notable Premier Division players such as Gary Smith, Jim Hamilton, Ricky Gillies, Darren Mackie, Dennis Wyness, season 1999–2000 provided the club with the pinnacle of its achievements in living memory. As first Scottish University ever to do so, it illustrates just what a landmark achievement it was for the club, american Student Brendan Hanke scored both goals in the final, leading to the 2-1 win over de Montfort. The first team matches are played at the Hillhead Centre in the north of the city of Aberdeen, close to the campus at Old Aberdeen. The centre has a full sized pitch with seating for 300, floodlights, a pavilion
Girvan Football Club are a Scottish football club based in the town of Girvan, South Ayrshire. Nicknamed the Seasiders, they were formed in 1947, and play at Hamilton Park and they currently play in the Scottish Junior Football Association, West Region. Prior to the 2004–05 season, Girvan played in the South of Scotland Football League and as members of the Scottish Football Association. This situation was unique to Girvan until 2014 when fellow Junior clubs Banks O Dee, the team are managed by former St Mirren player Peter Leonard, who took charge in January 2015. Official website Aggregated Social Media Feeds for Girvan FC