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SS Potrero del Llano

SS Potrero del Llano was an oil tanker built in 1912. She sailed for a number of companies, survived service in the First World War, only to be torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat during the Second World War while sailing under the Mexican flag off the coast of Florida, her sinking contributed to Mexico's decision to enter the war on the side of the Allies. Potrero del Llano was built by Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company, Hebburn-on-Tyne as the F. A. Tamplin, for service with T. W. Tamplin & Co. of London. She was sold in 1921 to the Belgian company SA d'Armement, d'Industrie & de Commerce, of Antwerp, was renamed Arminco, was sold again in 1930 to the Italian company Società Italiana Transporti Petroliferi, of Genoa, was renamed Lucifero, she was interned while docked at Tampico, in Mexico on 10 June 1940 and was seized on 8 December 1941 by the Mexican government and renamed Potrero del Llano after a town in Veracruz. She was operated by Petróleos Mexicanos, was homeported in Tampico. Potrero del Llano was sailing unescorted from Tampico to New York City in May 1942, carrying 6,132 tons of petroleum.

She was sighted by the German submarine U-564, under Reinhard Suhren at 07:17 hours on 14 May 1942, while east of the coast of Florida. Suhren noticed an illuminated flag painted on the side of the ship but misidentified it as the Italian flag. Since only ships of the Mexican Navy were permitted to display the Mexican flag with the eagle in the centre, the flag shown by the Potrero del Llano resembled the Italian one, having decided that the tanker's position and course meant that she could not be Italian, Suhren decided to sink her. U-564 duly torpedoed the Potrero del Llano. Twenty-two survivors were taken to Miami. One of the survivors, José Reyes Sosa, survived another attack on SS Las Choapas, a tanker sunk by U-129 on 27 June 1942, the fourth Mexican tanker sunk by German submarines. On 20 May 1942 a second tanker, Faja de Oro, was attacked and sunk, this time by U-106; this established a sound casus belli for the Mexican government to declare war on the Axis powers on 22 May 1942. Helgason, Guðmundur.

"Potrero del Llano". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 1 February 2010

November 2001 Atlantic Canada storm complex

The November 2001 Atlantic Canada storm complex was a powerful coastal storm that included the remnants of North Atlantic hurricanes Michelle and Noel. The low intensified as it moved westward into Atlantic Canada on November 6, reaching a minimum pressure of 946 mbars; the storm turned to the northeast and emerged into the Atlantic Ocean on November 8. It produced strong winds throughout Atlantic Canada, including gusts of up to 96 mph at the Confederation Bridge in Prince Edward Island. High waves caused damage along the coastlines. Overall damage was minor, no casualties were reported. On November 6, an extratropical storm located south of Newfoundland absorbed the remnants of Hurricane Noel; the extratropical storm absorbed Hurricane Michelle, was moving northeastward. The storm complex moved over Newfoundland and producing strong winds throughout Atlantic Canada, it exited into the Atlantic Ocean on November 8. Prior to the passage of the storm, wind warnings were issued in Newfoundland, throughout the island ferry service was suspended.

Ferry service was canceled in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. Throughout Canada, the storm complex produced powerful winds throughout Atlantic Canada, leaving 100,000 Canadians without power. Environment Canada described the system as one of the top 10 weather events in Canada in 2001. Winds in Nova Scotia from the storm complex reached 50 mph in inland areas, while areas near the coast experienced gusts of over 62 mph; the peak wind gust in the province was 93 mph along Cape George. Strong winds persisted across the province for 19 hours; the storm complex produced 26 to 30-ft waves along the northern coasts of Nova Scotia. The storm surge, which occurred at high tide, reached two ft, eroding a section of the Canso Causeway; the causeway was closed. Around 1.6 inches of precipitation fell, causing downed trees. Overall, about 70,000 people in Nova Scotia were left without power. In New Brunswick, the storm complex produced high winds with gusts of up to 84 mph; the winds downed several trees and power lines which resulted in power outages, with Fredericton being the hardest hit.

About 16,000 were without power on the day. The storm produced sustained winds of gusts to 96 mph at the Confederation Bridge. There, the wind gust was the highest recorded, resulting in the bridge being closed for five hours, the first time the bridge was closed in its history. Waves of up to 30 ft in height with a storm surge of over 3.3 ft hit the northern coastline of Prince Edward Island. Every wharf and many coastal roads from Rustico to East Point were under water from the high waves and storm surge; the winds left much of eastern Prince Edward Island without power. In Newfoundland, the system produced over four in of strong winds. Many areas reported with gusts peaking at 84 mph at Channel-Port aux Basques. Coastal areas of the island reported storm surges of around two ft; the strong winds of the storm destroyed the windows of six vehicles and blew off most of the roof of a truck in Holyrood, with the debris damaging a nearby weather radar. Cold air behind the storm complex produced snow across the island.

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