The Liga MX is the top level of the Mexican football league system. Currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA Bancomer, it is known as Liga BBVA Bancomer. Each season, the league holds two tournaments, the Apertura, which starts in the summer, and the Clausura, which starts in the winter. As of 2017, the league comprises 18 clubs, with one being relegated every year based upon its league performances over the three years. The first 8 teams in the table at the end of the phase of the tournament qualify to the liguilla. Up until July 2011, the league was divided into 3 groups, the group formatting was removed in favor of a single-table format. The league is considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of Latin America. Of the 56 teams to have competed in the league, América have won the title a record 12 times, followed by Guadalajara, Toluca, Cruz Azul, León and Pumas UNAM, the current league champions are Tigres UANL, who won the Apertura 2016 tournament. Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national league in Mexico. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a league consisting of teams near. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Amateur de Veracruz, the Liga Occidental De Jalisco, many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was established in 1943. When the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación announced the formation of the nations first professional league, the F. M. F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor. The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, Primera Fuerza, América, Asturias, Atlante, Necaxa, and Marte. Liga Occidental De Jalisco, Atlas and Guadalajara, Liga Amateur de Veracruz, ADO, Veracruz and Moctezuma. The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale, the season following the FIFA World Cup, the F. M. F. Changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion and this was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings
Club Deportivo Real Zamora is Mexican football that played in the Segunda División Profesional Liga Premier. The club was formed in 1950 and has played in the first division among other leagues in Mexico. The club was founded on December 26,1950 and quickly joined Mexican Second Division along with Zacatepec, Monterrey, Toluca, Deportivo Irapuato, Zamora, Querétaro, Morelia, some clubs were newcomers, and some were rejoining the league. In their first league the club became a contender and finished a couple of points behind the champion Zacatepec. The following years were also successful years, but not good enough to crown themselves. A playoff tournament was organized with 2 clubs from the first division along with the 11 and 12 place clubs from the first division clubs, Cuautla FC, Zamora, Querétaro, with the result of Atlante remaining in the top division, joined by Cuautla FC and Zamora. Querétaro remained in the division, joined by the relegated Marte. In the 1956-57 season the final won its first title led by the Argentine Raúl Leguizamón. This time the club took over the empty spot left by C. F, Monterrey, who a year ago had taken over the spot Zamora had left. That same year Puebla FC decided to leave the league, and so its spot was taken over by Atlético Morelia, marking this the first time 2 clubs from the state of Michoacán played in the top division. The club once again lost the category in the 1959-60 tournament after playing 3 not-so-good tournaments, with its best season finish in 1957-58, in 1960 the club finished last under the management of Carlos Seville. The club would not return to the first division, having 2 good opportunities one in 1963-64 when they played a promotion matched against Cruz Azul who would beat them 7-1. The club has played on and off since then also becoming Chiapas inferior reserve squad in 2004. In 2007 the club once again independent. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Segunda División Profesional, 1956-1957 Runner Up, 1950–1951, 1954–1955, 1970–1971, 1982–1983 Tercera División de México, 1977-1978 Runner Up, 2013–2014 Football in Mexico
Atlas Fútbol Club is a Mexican football club. Atlas plays in Guadalajara, Mexico, in the Liga MX, the clubs home stadium is Estadio Jalisco in Guadalajara. Club Atlas was founded in a bar of Guadalajara, Mexico, the technical ability that the Atlistas employed – triangular passing and skillful dribbling to avoid opponents tackles – was impressive and they quickly joined the elite in Mexican football. As a result, Atlas and Chivas, a fellow Guadalajara team, have a history in the first division. Atlas are renowned for having successful youth academies, in the last decade Atlas has been a true gold mine in the development of many players who have gone on to have successful careers domestically and internationally. Many young players enter the Atlas youth academy knowing that theyll have a possibility to play with the first team due to the club philosophy of allowing much opportunity to the youth. The clubs lower divisions have achieved many titles domestically as well as internationally. Atlas has participated twice in Copa Libertadores, the first appearance was in 2000 after qualifying through a preliminary round-robin stage where they faced Club America, Deportivo Tachira and Deportivo Italchacao. They got off to a bad start losing 2–0 to America then drawing with Deportivo Tachira 2–2, however they would recover and finish first of the group after defeating Club America 6–3, Deportivo Tachira 2–0 and drawing 2–2 with Deportivo Italchacao on the second legs. Atlas would then be drawn into Group 4 alongside River Plate, Universidad de Chile, at home they would draw 1–1 with River Plate, draw 0–0 with Universidad de Chile and defeat Atletico Nacional 5–1. In the second legs they would defeat Atletico Nacional by a score of 3–2, Atlas would go on to finish 2nd in the group with just a point behind River Plate and leveled in points with Universidad de Chile but a better goal difference would see them go through. After having impressed in the stage they would eliminate Junior of Barranquilla in the Round of 16 with scores of 2–0. However, in the quarterfinals their run would come to an end after losing twice to Palmeiras with scores of 2–0, given the circumstances a coin toss was issued in which Atlas ended up winning. Having finished second they lost their opportunity to qualify for the Copa Libertadores and had to play San Luis for a ticket to the Copa Libertadores First Stage. They would defeat San Luis easily by a score of 3–0, Atlas were impressive and finished first in the group with 11 points. At home they defeated Boca Juniors 3–1 and defeated both Colo-Colo as well as Maracaibo with a score of 3–0, away from home they drew 1–1 with Maracaibo and Colo-Colo but lost 3–0 to Boca Juniors. In the Round of 16 they would eliminate Lanus with scores of 1–0, in the quarterfinals they would face Boca Juniors once again. The first match was played at the Jose Amalfitani stadium due to the sanction that was imposed on Boca Juniors, the game was spectacular, undoubtedly one of the best of the tournament
Club Deportivo Cuautla is a Mexican football club based in Cuautla, Mexico. Their home stadium is Estadio Isidro Gil Tapia, the club plays in the Mexican Segunda Division in the Liga Nuevo Talentos Group 3. The clubs history dates back to 1952 when the club was founded in Cuautla, Mexico, in 1953-54 the club finished runner-up. The outcome, Atlante remained in 1st Division, Cuautla was promoted to the 1st Division, Querétaro remained in the 2nd Division, the club played 4 years in the First division until its relegation in the 1958-59 season. The club has close to returning to the 1st Division on two occasions when they lost to Atlas in promotional matches. The club has played intermittently in the Segunda División Profesional since its last first-division appearance in 1959, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Segunda División Profesional,0 Runner-up,1954 Promotional Play-off,11955 All Mexican Clubs
Club Deportivo Oro is a football club that plays in the second division. It is based in the city of Guadalajara, the club was one of five clubs from the state of Jalisco to play in the Mexican first division. It only won one title, back in 1962, and was runner-up five times in 1947,1953,1955,1960 and 1964. After four years of absence the club was reformed and plays now in the second division, the clubs history dates back to 1923, when a group of jewelers got together and founded the club to promote their company. The club joined the old Liga Occidental De Jalisco, albino Ruvalcaba and Felipe Martínez Sandoval were the ones that really took on the idea of making this club worthy of playing in the first division. Back then there was no national league, but instead numerous amateur leagues across Mexico, Liga Amateur de Jalisco was one of the best at the time. It consisted of such as Club Deportivo Guadalajara, Atlas de Guadalajara, Club Nacional de Guadalajara, Club Marte, Club Latino, Club Colón. It took Club Oro a few years to establish a higher level of play, on 20 July 1930 the club inaugurated its new field Parque Oro, o Parque Oblatos in a friendly match against Mexico City club Necaxa. This new football field was used by most of the clubs at that time and was considered to be the best field in the state of Jalisco, by 1933 there were nine clubs in the league and different categories were formed. There was an A and a B Division that were similar to a first, CD Oro saw this events as a wake-up call to get an invitation into the professionalism. CD Oro was finally invited to take part of the 1944–45 tournament along with Puebla FC and Club León, at the end of the 1948 tournament the club finished tied in first place along with Club León and so a series was played in order to determine the 1948 champion. The first match ended up in a 0–0 draw, the match was won by Club León who took their first league title with a 2–0 victory. At the end of the 1956 tournament CD Oro and Club León finished tied once again at first place, CD Oro kicked off the game by scoring a goal in the 2nd minute of play by Vigo but Leons Marcos Aurelio tied the game. CD Oro took a 2–1 lead before half-time when Chepe Naranjo scored, the second half was dominated by Club León, they scored 3 goals and won the title once again. The club won its first and only title in the 1962–63 tournament over Club Deportivo Guadalajara. In the final game of the tournament it would be as if it was set up to be with two clubs to meet each other. Club Deportivo Guadalajara would only have to tie in order to take that title having a one-point advantage on Oro, the final and decisive match was played on 20 December 1962 at Estadio Jalisco which was inaugurated just a few years before. The game ended-up 0–0 at half time, the second half continued tough until the minute 70 when the Brazilian player Neco from Club Oro scored the only goal in the match, giving CD Oro its first title
Atlante Fútbol Club, is a Mexican football club based in Cancun, Quintana Roo. Founded in 1916, Atlante were original members of the Mexican professional league when it began in 1943, Atlante has won three national league championships, two from their original home in Mexico City, and the most recent following their 2007 relocation to Cancún. They are also winners of the Copa México, and twice winners of the CONCACAF Champions Cup / CONCACAF Champions League. Atlante currently compete in Mexicos second-tier Ascenso MX following relegation from Liga MX at the end of the 2013–14 season and they play their home matches at the Estadio Andrés Quintana Roo in Cancún. Atlante was founded on April 18,1916 with the name Sinaloa by a group of young Mexican football enthusiasts, the team began playing at La Condesa neighborhood in Mexico City. After changing its name to Lusitania and U-53, Refugio Martínez proposed the name Atlante, despite its popularity, the Mexican Federation did not allow the team to be involved at the Mexican championship, the Liga Mayor. In order for Atlante to be allowed into the league, it had to win several proof-matches against Toluca and América, the duels were finally won by Atlante with scores of 7–2 and 2–1, respectively. Accepted within the Liga Mayor, Atlante formed a rivalry against Necaxa. The games between two were furious battles, even drawing in points at the end of the 1931–32 tournament. Through the beginnings of the history of the football in Mexico, what today many do not recall is that Atlante was the first Mexican team that acquired national fame by knocking down those foreign giants. In 1929, Atlante defeated Sabaria of Hungary 3–1, in 1930, Atlante defeated two times the Sportivo of Buenos Aires 2–1 and 3–2. And one of their more recalled feats was the 3–2 victory in 1931 over Bella Vista of Uruguay who had three players won the first World Cup a year before in Montevideo. Propelling Atlantes popularity, it was brought to the big screen in many films of the countrys cinematographic golden era. Some of those films are Los Hijos de Don Venancio, Los Nietos de Don Venancio, El Vividor, El que con niños se acuesta, players Horacio Casarín and Martí Ventolrà were even part of those films casting. Together, they all became what is today as the Mexican Primera División. After 4 tournaments, and with the aid of its owner General Jose Manuel Nuñez as well as of its sensational player Horacio Casarín, the final match against León was attended by 48,622 people, including the current President Miguel Alemán Valdés. Before that, in 1945 the team imposed the Latin American record for goals in a single season with 121 goals in 30 matches. Atlante also became the first Mexican team to be crowned at the Champion of Champions cup during the 1941–42 season, in 1966, General Jose Manuel Nuñez decided to sell the team to Fernando González, Fernandón
Deportivo Toluca F.C.
Deportivo Toluca Fútbol Club S. A. de C. V. is a professional Mexican football club. Tolucas stadium Nemesio Díez Riega is located in Toluca, State of Mexico in Mexico, Toluca plays in the Liga MX, has been champion ten times and is one of the most successful clubs of Mexico. On 12 February 1917, the brothers Román Alday and Gerardo Ferrat alongside Filiberto Navas, the Teams first official First Division game was against Atlante, in which Toluca won 2 goals by one The team won three consecutive championships in 1966 and 1967 under coach Ignacio Trelles. In 1975 Toluca won the one more time. This is the time the Mexican Championship has been decided by a round-robin, two-legged. In 1997 Enrique Ojitos Meza became the coach of the team, Toluca resurged, its tactical scheme was very offensive, which was very characteristic of its coach. It was not atypical to see scores like 5-3, the offensive idea suited perfectly the Paraguayan José Saturnino Cardozo, who became the best scorer of the league in four occasions. Toluca won the championship in 1998, the first one in twenty years, with Enrique Meza as coach, Toluca won the championship three times in a period of three years. In the Invierno 2001 tournament Ricardo La Volpe became the coach of Toluca and he, along with Cardozo and Vicente Sánchez had one of the most successful and exciting teams in years. However, La Volpe left Toluca with a few left in the season. In Apertura 2006, they tied in the first leg but suffered a loss in the Estadio Nemesio Díez against Guadalajara, in the Clausura 2007 tournament, Toluca had one of their worst seasons, finishing in last place. In the Copa Libertadores 2007, they made it to the round of 16, following the elimination from both tournaments, Gallego resigned from his position stating the need for a year off as his reason for resigning from Club Toluca. José Pekerman, former coach of the Argentine national team, was appointed as coach of Club Toluca on May 30,2007. In the Apertura 2007, Toluca had a better finish than the previous tournament. They were ultimately eliminated by league runner-up Pumas in the quarter-finals of the Apertura 2007 playoffs, Club Toluca failed to qualify for the 2008 Copa Libertadores. On the Apertura 2008, Toluca had a weak start under their new coach, Jose Manuel El Chepo De La Torre and their goalkeeper Hernan Cristante set a record by not allowing any goals for 773 minutes. Toluca would go on to win the Bicentenario 2010 tournament by beating Santos Laguna in a dramatic penalty shoot-out, earning them the cup win. Besides winning the domestic title ten times, Toluca has also been the Runner-Up of the Mexican domestic tournament six times, on the Apertura 2012, Toluca finished first place and therefore earned a place for the Copa Libertadores