The Liga MX is the top level of the Mexican football league system. Currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA Bancomer, it is known as Liga BBVA Bancomer. Each season, the league holds two tournaments, the Apertura, which starts in the summer, and the Clausura, which starts in the winter. As of 2017, the league comprises 18 clubs, with one being relegated every year based upon its league performances over the three years. The first 8 teams in the table at the end of the phase of the tournament qualify to the liguilla. Up until July 2011, the league was divided into 3 groups, the group formatting was removed in favor of a single-table format. The league is considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of Latin America. Of the 56 teams to have competed in the league, América have won the title a record 12 times, followed by Guadalajara, Toluca, Cruz Azul, León and Pumas UNAM, the current league champions are Tigres UANL, who won the Apertura 2016 tournament. Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national league in Mexico. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a league consisting of teams near. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Amateur de Veracruz, the Liga Occidental De Jalisco, many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was established in 1943. When the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación announced the formation of the nations first professional league, the F. M. F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor. The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, Primera Fuerza, América, Asturias, Atlante, Necaxa, and Marte. Liga Occidental De Jalisco, Atlas and Guadalajara, Liga Amateur de Veracruz, ADO, Veracruz and Moctezuma. The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale, the season following the FIFA World Cup, the F. M. F. Changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion and this was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings
Tampico Madero F.C.
Tampico Madero Fútbol Club is a football club that currently plays in the Ascenso MX. The club spent most of the 1970s in the Segunda División de México after being relegated in the early 1960s, in 1977 the club bought out the Atlético Potosino franchise to move it to Tampico in order for the club to have once again first division action. The club played out the 1980s in the first division but was again relegated in the early 1990s and has never again reached the top division. The clubs first official game was played in the 1945–46 tournament against Atlante were the club suffered its first loss with a score of 10–3. The club won its first game on September 30 the same year against Atlas 3–2 first goals scored by Ernesto Olivares. The club finished that year 11th out 16, the club played mediocre tournaments the following years finishing last in the 1948–49 tournament and 9th in the 1949–50 tournament. The club started off the 1950s in the way they had been playing in the 1940s gaining a 9th, 6th place from 1950–52 tournaments. It was until the 1952–53 tournament when the team came together and it was won with 14 victories,6 draws and only 2 losses for a total of 34, a then league record. The club would go on to win the title Campeón de Campeones after defeating Puebla who had won that years Copa México with a score of 3–0, roster from the 1952–53 championship club were. The clubs last notable achievement from 1954–57 when they finished 4th in 1954, 7th in 1955, 6th in 1956, in 1958, they finished last and were relegated to Segundo División. They played 1 year and were returned to Mexican Primera División, the club started out the 1960s with 3 bad consecutive league tournaments but manage to win its only Copa México title in 1961 against Toluca. Nonetheless the club would once again been relegate in 1962–63 tournament. The club played in the division in the 1960s coming up short in the 1964–65. Tournament after finishing tied for first place with Jabatos de nuevol leon having played a match that the club would go on to loss match played in León Guanajuato. The club would go on to play most of the 1970s in the second division till 1977 when the club bought out the San Luis club, the club that played in the second division was sold to Universidad de Guadalajara and became Bachilleres a reserve squad. The club had a tournament in its first year back reaching the semi finalist again Pumas which they would go on to loss that year. The following year the club finished 14th overall and did not reach the play-off spots, in the 1979–80 tournament the club finished 7th and managed to qualified to the play-off group stage where they lost once again and so came the end of the 1970s. In the 1980–81 tournament the club finished 15th in the league, soon after the clubs relegation the city decided to buy out yet another franchise this time buying struggling club in order for the club to remain in the top division. This club was made up from players from the Atletas Campesinos and that year the club struggled once again finishing 14 in the league
Club Deportivo Real Zamora is Mexican football that played in the Segunda División Profesional Liga Premier. The club was formed in 1950 and has played in the first division among other leagues in Mexico. The club was founded on December 26,1950 and quickly joined Mexican Second Division along with Zacatepec, Monterrey, Toluca, Deportivo Irapuato, Zamora, Querétaro, Morelia, some clubs were newcomers, and some were rejoining the league. In their first league the club became a contender and finished a couple of points behind the champion Zacatepec. The following years were also successful years, but not good enough to crown themselves. A playoff tournament was organized with 2 clubs from the first division along with the 11 and 12 place clubs from the first division clubs, Cuautla FC, Zamora, Querétaro, with the result of Atlante remaining in the top division, joined by Cuautla FC and Zamora. Querétaro remained in the division, joined by the relegated Marte. In the 1956-57 season the final won its first title led by the Argentine Raúl Leguizamón. This time the club took over the empty spot left by C. F, Monterrey, who a year ago had taken over the spot Zamora had left. That same year Puebla FC decided to leave the league, and so its spot was taken over by Atlético Morelia, marking this the first time 2 clubs from the state of Michoacán played in the top division. The club once again lost the category in the 1959-60 tournament after playing 3 not-so-good tournaments, with its best season finish in 1957-58, in 1960 the club finished last under the management of Carlos Seville. The club would not return to the first division, having 2 good opportunities one in 1963-64 when they played a promotion matched against Cruz Azul who would beat them 7-1. The club has played on and off since then also becoming Chiapas inferior reserve squad in 2004. In 2007 the club once again independent. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Segunda División Profesional, 1956-1957 Runner Up, 1950–1951, 1954–1955, 1970–1971, 1982–1983 Tercera División de México, 1977-1978 Runner Up, 2013–2014 Football in Mexico
Club Atlético Monarcas Morelia is a Mexican professional football club based in Morelia, Michoacán, playing in Liga MX. The team is owned by Grupo Salinas and plays its games in Estadio Morelos. Club Atlético Morelia was founded November 21,1924, as Oro Morelia in Morelia, in 1950, Club Deportivo Morelia was among the teams that founded the Segunda División. After the 1956–1957 season, in which ended up in second place. After an unsuccessful season, in 1968 Monarcas Morelia was relegated back to the Segunda División, Morelia appointed Nicandro Ortiz as chairman. Ortiz acquired the team and strengthened its position in the league, in 1996 the major broadcast company TV Azteca bought the team. By the year 2000 the club were playing under the Monarcas moniker, in recent years Monarcas Morelia has been one of the main protagonists in the Primera División. The team was crowned champions away in the Bombonera Stadium, the Morelos Stadium has never been the site of its team winning a final. Monarcas Morelia has played three other finals which they lost to Toluca, Monterrey and Pumas respectively, after missing the playoffs for three consecutive tournaments, Morelia ended in third place in the general table in the Apertura 2009. Morelia defeated Santos Laguna in the first round, 4–2 on aggregate, with a 2–1 aggregate score, Morelia was eliminated. Morelia qualified for the 2010 Copa Libertadores by ending in place in the classification phase. It was the time that Morelia participated in the Copa Libertadores. Morelia was the Runner-up of the Clausura 2011, after a hard fought final, Pumas won this 3–2 on aggregate, taking the trophy home. Morelia is the 2010 SuperLiga champion, with a 2–1 victory in the finals over the New England Revolution in which Miguel Sabah scored both Morelias goals. On November 5,2013 Monarcas Morelia won their first Copa MX in a 3–3 match that would take them to penalties and this title also made them participate in the first Supercopa MX edition, which they won against Tigres UANL with a global score of 5–4. After 15 years, the terrible 2014–15 campaign made Monarcas one of the last teams in the average table, which decides which team will be relegated. Thats why Enrique Meza was chosen to be the coach for the current Apertura 2015 season, Meza already saved Morelia once, in the 1995–96 season. The clubs colors are generated from the flag which are yellow and red
Club Puebla is a Mexican professional football club based in the city of Puebla, competing in the Liga MX. The teams white home jersey features its iconic blue sash, which crosses the chest diagonally from the shoulder to the waist. Since 1904 the city of Puebla has practiced football, First in 1904 with club Puebla AC founded by Englishmen who integrated into the Mexican football league during the amateur era. During the 1953–54 season, they managed their second Copa México title, Puebla took home their first league title in the 1982–83 season after defeating Guadalajara on penalty kicks. A third Copa México was accomplished after the 1987–88 season, and this feat earned the team the right to be counted among the exclusive Campeónísimo club. In 1991, they defeated Police from Trinidad and Tobago for their first CONCACAF championship, the team was relegated to Primera A at the end of the Clausura 2005. The team won the Apertura 2006 tournament in a match against Salamanca. On May 26,2007, Puebla won back the right to play in Mexicos premier league by defeating Dorados de Sinaloa in a packed Cuauhtémoc Stadium with more than 45,000 fans. Celebrations all around the city of Puebla ensued, reminding of the celebrations in 1983 and 1990 when the won the league championship. Puebla has competed since 1904, when an English Athletic club Puebla AC joined the Liga Mexicana de Football Amateur Association, in their first tournament in 1904, the club lost all games and did not score a goal in the 8 games played. In 1905, the club struggled and managed to score its first and only goal in that tournament, finishing last with no wins,1 draw and 7 losses, and 20 goals against. For the 1906–1907 season, the finished third, with 3 wins,3 losses and 2 draws. After this season, the folded, and the league dropped to 4 clubs. The club would not see action for 8 years, until 1915 when the First Puebla F. C who later became España de Puebla. that club was founfed by the Spaniards living in Puebla. Due to the lack of opponents, having one with neighboring town San Martín Texmelucan. They participated for a few years in the old Liga Veracruzana de Futbol. In 1928 Club Asturias de Puebla was founded by the spanish from the Asturias in SPain. This 2 clubs would merge in the early 1940s and would become the foundation of what would become Club Puebla. The first official match took place on Sunday May 7,1944, Veracruz gave Puebla their first lost in the professional era beating them 5–1
Deportivo Toluca F.C.
Deportivo Toluca Fútbol Club S. A. de C. V. is a professional Mexican football club. Tolucas stadium Nemesio Díez Riega is located in Toluca, State of Mexico in Mexico, Toluca plays in the Liga MX, has been champion ten times and is one of the most successful clubs of Mexico. On 12 February 1917, the brothers Román Alday and Gerardo Ferrat alongside Filiberto Navas, the Teams first official First Division game was against Atlante, in which Toluca won 2 goals by one The team won three consecutive championships in 1966 and 1967 under coach Ignacio Trelles. In 1975 Toluca won the one more time. This is the time the Mexican Championship has been decided by a round-robin, two-legged. In 1997 Enrique Ojitos Meza became the coach of the team, Toluca resurged, its tactical scheme was very offensive, which was very characteristic of its coach. It was not atypical to see scores like 5-3, the offensive idea suited perfectly the Paraguayan José Saturnino Cardozo, who became the best scorer of the league in four occasions. Toluca won the championship in 1998, the first one in twenty years, with Enrique Meza as coach, Toluca won the championship three times in a period of three years. In the Invierno 2001 tournament Ricardo La Volpe became the coach of Toluca and he, along with Cardozo and Vicente Sánchez had one of the most successful and exciting teams in years. However, La Volpe left Toluca with a few left in the season. In Apertura 2006, they tied in the first leg but suffered a loss in the Estadio Nemesio Díez against Guadalajara, in the Clausura 2007 tournament, Toluca had one of their worst seasons, finishing in last place. In the Copa Libertadores 2007, they made it to the round of 16, following the elimination from both tournaments, Gallego resigned from his position stating the need for a year off as his reason for resigning from Club Toluca. José Pekerman, former coach of the Argentine national team, was appointed as coach of Club Toluca on May 30,2007. In the Apertura 2007, Toluca had a better finish than the previous tournament. They were ultimately eliminated by league runner-up Pumas in the quarter-finals of the Apertura 2007 playoffs, Club Toluca failed to qualify for the 2008 Copa Libertadores. On the Apertura 2008, Toluca had a weak start under their new coach, Jose Manuel El Chepo De La Torre and their goalkeeper Hernan Cristante set a record by not allowing any goals for 773 minutes. Toluca would go on to win the Bicentenario 2010 tournament by beating Santos Laguna in a dramatic penalty shoot-out, earning them the cup win. Besides winning the domestic title ten times, Toluca has also been the Runner-Up of the Mexican domestic tournament six times, on the Apertura 2012, Toluca finished first place and therefore earned a place for the Copa Libertadores
Club Deportivo Guadalajara Spanish pronunciation, often simply known as Guadalajara, and popularly known as Chivas, is a Mexican professional football club based in Guadalajara, Jalisco. Guadalajara plays in Liga MX with 11 First Division titles,7 Campeón de Campeones,1 InterLiga,1 Copa Challenger,4 Copa Oros de Occidente, and 3 Copa México. Guadalajara is one of the ten founding members of the Mexican First Division and, along with longstanding rivals Club América, Guadalajara was the runner-up of the 2010 Copa Libertadores. Guadalajara is the football club in Mexico to exclusively field Mexican players. The teams three colors symbolize Fraternity, Union, and Sports, the team mascot, as well as their nickname, is the goat or chiva. Chivas is one of Mexicos most successful and popular teams, and holds the Mexican league record for the longest winning streak at the beginning of a season, the team was founded by Edgar Everaert, who arrived in Mexico in 1906. Their kit was modeled on that of the favourite team. Some historians assert that the colours came from the French Tricolour because some of the clubs first players were French, a few Spanish and English also became members of the Unión Football Club. On a tour of Europe, Everaert noticed that European teams named after their town or city seemed to generate more support from fans in their communities. So, in 1908, with the approval of Everaert and the players, in 1908, it was also decided that the team would only field Mexican-born players because of the growing sense of oppression Mexican nationals felt towards non-Mexican nationals. Following the aftermath of the Mexican Revolution, amateur football tournaments throughout the country flourished, between 1906 and 1943, Guadalajara won 13 amateur titles, the first in 1908. Also during this period, the oldest rivalry in Mexican football began to form, in 1943 the Liga Mayor was founded after the merging of several regional leagues and the era of professional football began. Guadalajara struggled during the years, with the exception of the 1948–49 season when they finished third. This same year Guadalajara was given the name Chivas Locas during a game against Atlas, the name was initially considered an insult, but later adopted as the teams nickname due to the overwhelming popularity of the club. During the 1951–52 and 1954–55 seasons, the finished as runner-up in the league. Guadalajara won its first championship during this season due to a last minute goal scored by Salvador Reyes. Led by coaches such as Donald Russ and Javier de la Torre in subsequent years and it was the only team in Mexicos football history to win four league championships in a row, during the 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, and 1961–62 seasons. During the 1970s and early 1980s, Guadalajara struggled, in the 1970–71 season, the team finished very close to the relegation zone