1908 United States presidential election in South Carolina
The 1908 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 3, 1908. Voters chose nine representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. South Carolina overwhelmingly voted for the Democratic nominee, former U. S. Representative William Jennings Bryan, over the Republican nominee, Secretary of War William Howard Taft. Bryan won the state by a landslide margin of 87.9 percent. Although South Carolina was Taft’s weakest state, he performed better in the state than Theodore Roosevelt had four years prior
1868 United States presidential election in South Carolina
The 1868 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 3, 1868, as part of the 1868 United States presidential election. Voters chose six representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president; this would be the first time in South Carolina's history where the popular vote was used in the state during the presidential election. South Carolina voted for the Republican nominee, General Ulysses S. Grant, over the Democratic nominee, former Governor of New York Horatio Seymour. Grant won the state by a margin of 15.86%
1792 United States presidential election in South Carolina
The 1792 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place between November 2 and December 5, 1792 as part of the 1792 United States presidential election. The state legislature chose eight representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President. South Carolina, unanimously cast its eight electoral votes for incumbent George Washington during its first presidential election
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party; the Democrats' dominant worldview was once social conservatism and economic liberalism, while populism was its leading characteristic in the rural South. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate in the Progressive Party, beginning a switch of political platforms between the Democratic and Republican Party over the coming decades, leading to Woodrow Wilson being elected as the first fiscally progressive Democrat. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal platform, supporting social justice. Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and Southern conservative-populist anti-business wings.
The New Deal Coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. After Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal of the 1930s, the pro-business wing withered outside the South. After the racial turmoil of the 1960s, most Southern whites and many Northern Catholics moved into the Republican Party at the presidential level; the once-powerful labor union element became less supportive after the 1970s. White Evangelicals and Southerners became Republican at the state and local level since the 1990s. People living in metropolitan areas, women and gender minorities, college graduates, racial and ethnic minorities in the United States, such as Jewish Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Arab Americans and African Americans, tend to support the Democratic Party much more than they support the rival Republican Party; the Democratic Party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state.
It seeks to provide government regulation in the economy. These interventions, such as the introduction of social programs, support for labor unions, affordable college tuitions, moves toward universal health care and equal opportunity, consumer protection and environmental protection form the core of the party's economic policy. Fifteen Democrats have served as President of the United States; the first was President Andrew Jackson, the seventh president and served from 1829 to 1837. The most recent was President Barack Obama, the 44th president and held office from 2009 to 2017. Following the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats held a majority in the House of Representatives, "trifectas" in 14 states, the mayoralty of numerous major American cities, such as Boston, Los Angeles, New York City, San Francisco, Portland and Washington, D. C. Twenty-three state governors were Democrats, the Party was the minority party in the Senate and in most state legislatures; as of March 2019, four of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court had been appointed by Democratic presidents.
Democratic Party officials trace its origins to the inspiration of the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. That party inspired the Whigs and modern Republicans. Organizationally, the modern Democratic Party arose in the 1830s with the election of Andrew Jackson. Since the nomination of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, the party has positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party on economic issues, they have been more liberal on civil rights issues since 1948. On foreign policy, both parties have changed position several times; the Democratic Party evolved from the Jeffersonian Republican or Democratic-Republican Party organized by Jefferson and Madison in opposition to the Federalist Party of Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. The party favored republicanism; the Democratic-Republican Party came to power in the election of 1800. After the War of 1812, the Federalists disappeared and the only national political party left was the Democratic-Republicans.
The era of one-party rule in the United States, known as the Era of Good Feelings, lasted from 1816 until the early 1830s, when the Whig Party became a national political group to rival the Democratic-Republicans. However, the Democratic-Republican Party still had its own internal factions, they split over the choice of a successor to President James Monroe and the party faction that supported many of the old Jeffersonian principles, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, became the modern Democratic Party. As Norton explains the transformation in 1828: Jacksonians believed the people's will had prevailed. Through a lavishly financed coalition of state parties, political leaders, newspaper editors, a popular movement had elected the president; the Democrats became the nation's first well-organized national party and tight party organization became the hallmark of nineteenth-century American politics. Opposing factions led by Henry Clay helped form the Whig Party; the Democratic Party had a small yet decisive advantage over the Whigs until the 1850s, when the Whigs fell apart over the issue of slavery.
In 1854, angry with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, anti-slavery Dem
2008 United States presidential election in South Carolina
The 2008 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 4, 2008, was part of the 2008 United States presidential election. Voters chose 8 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. South Carolina was won by Republican nominee John McCain by a 9.0% margin of victory. Prior to the election, all 17 news organizations considered this a state McCain would win, or otherwise considered as a safe red state. Despite the significant proportion of African Americans in the state, South Carolina still remains, like most other states throughout the South, a GOP stronghold at the state and federal levels. Republican John McCain kept South Carolina in the GOP column in 2008; this is the first time. For both parties in 2008, South Carolina's was the first primary in a Southern state and the first primary in a state in which African Americans make up a sizable percentage of the electorate. For Democrats, it was the last primary before 22 states hosted their primaries or caucuses on February 5, 2008.
The 2008 South Carolina Democratic presidential primary took place on January 26, 2008. Senator Barack Obama of Illinois won the primary's popular vote by a 28.9% margin. South Carolina's 45 delegates to the 2008 Democratic National Convention were awarded proportionally based on the results of the primary; the state sent nine superdelegates. New York Senator Hillary Clinton Former North Carolina Senator John Edwards Former Alaska Senator Mike Gravel Illinois Senator Barack Obama Delaware Senator Joe Biden Dropped out on January 4, 2008 Connecticut Senator Chris Dodd Dropped out on January 4, 2008 New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson Dropped out on January 10, 2008 Ohio Representative Dennis Kucinich Dropped out on January 25, 2008 New York Comedian Stephen Colbert Denied Ballot on November 1, 2007 and dropped out November 5, 2007 On the day of the South Carolina primary, Senator John Edwards led in fund raising from the state of South Carolina, followed by Barack Obama and Bill Richardson.
Obtained from CNN as of January 26, 2008 All monthly averages were retrieved from RealClearPolitics. Denotes Leader during Poll AverageDespite maintaining a major early lead in the polls, Senator Clinton fell after the Iowa Caucuses, as Barack Obama skyrocketed and John Edwards began to receive a gradual increase in the polling. However, in the last three polls taken before the South Carolina Primary, Barack Obama took a commanding lead over both Edwards and Clinton. Former Senator John Edwards had come into the margin of error with Senator Clinton for second place in the South Carolina Primary. Throughout the South Carolina campaign, most pundits had predicted Barack Obama the winner because of the state's large African-American population. For this reason, Obama was shown to be ahead of his two rivals, John Edwards, who carried the state in 2004, Hillary Clinton, whose husband was popular in the African-American community. In early polls taken in the weeks leading up to the primary, Clinton had a double-digit lead over both Edwards and Obama.
During a majority of the final campaigning, the attacks between the Clinton campaign and the Obama campaign intensified by the candidates as well as the media coverage. Barack Obama began to attack former President Bill Clinton for his comments which were taken as racist; these comments are considered by analyst and historians alike as the turning point of the South Carolina primary and the cause of Clinton's loss of support from the black community. Despite the increasing tensions between the Clinton and Obama camps, Obama continued to lead in the polls. Into the final days of the campaign in South Carolina, it became apparent that Obama would win by a rather wide margin; the final tally had Obama winning by 28.9 % over Hillary Clinton. In the early months of the campaign, Clinton enjoyed a steep lead over Senator Obama, a 30-point lead over former Senator John Edwards. However, after Obama's win in Iowa, Clinton's campaign in South Carolina began to fall apart by the Obama political machine rolling into South Carolina with force.
For Clinton, despite winning the popular vote in Nevada, the fact that she had lost Nevada's National Delegates, receiving 12 compared to Obama's 13 still lingered in the media. This, combined with the fact of Bill Clinton's continuing negative publicity from "injecting race into the campaign" as several people called Bill Clinton's actions in his wife's campaign. Between battling media scrutiny on Bill Clinton, constant attacks between the Obama and Clinton campaigns, a surging John Edwards which threatened a Clinton second-place finish, poll number began to plunge, with a poll taken by Reuters-Cspan-Zogby showing Clinton in the margin of error for second place with Edwards, with Edwards at 21% and Clinton at 25%; this was combined with the fact of Edwards's constant barrage of attacks claiming Clinton big city politics were "too good for the people of South Carolina". However, despite the attacks from opponents that Bill Clinton's attacks alienated African-Americans, Clinton was able to keep a 35% support amongst that key constituency, while losing the white vote to Edwards, In the end, Clinton's African-American support was able to place her in a clear second-place finish, finishing 9 points ahead of John Edwards despite losing to Obama by 29 points.
After the terrible results for the Edwards Campaign during the Nevada caucuses, in which Edwards finished in third with 4% of the state delegation and received no national delegates, South Carolina began to
1992 United States presidential election in South Carolina
The 1992 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 3, 1992, as part of the 1992 United States presidential election. Voters chose eight representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. South Carolina was won by incumbent President George H. W. Bush with 48.02 percent of the popular vote over Governor Bill Clinton with 39.88 percent. Businessman Ross Perot finished with 11.55 percent of the popular vote. Clinton won the national vote, defeating both incumbent President Bush and Perot; this election marked the completion of South Carolina's transformation from one of the strongest Democratic states in the country to a reliably Republican one. For every election from 1880 to 1960, South Carolina had voted for the Democratic nominee always by wide margins and by percentages of over nine-tenths in every election from 1900 to 1944; however since Barry Goldwater carried the state in 1964, the state had lost its "Safe Democratic" status and moved towards the Republicans, being carried by them in five out of the preceding six elections and being won only by native Southerner Jimmy Carter.
As liberal and secular New England states such as Vermont trended towards the Democrats with the conservative movement in the 1980s, South Carolina, a conservative and religious Southern state, would trend towards the Republicans along with other states of the Deep South. From this election onward, it and the others would be considered safe red states. At the time of the election, Clinton was only the second Democrat to win without carrying South Carolina, along with Lyndon B. Johnson; as of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Edgefield County voted for a Democratic Presidential candidate. This is the first election in which any South Carolina county cast more than one hundred thousand votes, namely Greenville and Richland. With 48.02% of the popular vote, South Carolina would probe to be Bush's second strongest state in the 1992 election after Mississippi
Ernest Frederick "Fritz" Hollings was an American politician who served as a United States Senator from South Carolina from 1966 to 2005. A conservative Democrat, he was the Governor of South Carolina and the 77th Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina, he served alongside Republican Senator Strom Thurmond for 36 years, making them the longest-serving Senate duo in history. At the time of his death, he was the oldest living former U. S. Senator. Born in Charleston, South Carolina, Hollings graduated from The Citadel in 1942 and joined a law practice in Charleston after attending the University of South Carolina School of Law. During World War II, he served as an artillery officer in campaigns in North Europe. After the war, Hollings successively won election to the South Carolina House of Representatives, as Lieutenant Governor, as Governor, he was defeated by incumbent Olin D. Johnston. Johnston died in 1965, the following year Hollings won a special election to serve the remainder of Johnston's term.
Though the Republican Party became dominant in South Carolina after 1966, Hollings remained popular and continually won re-election, becoming one of the longest-serving Senators in U. S. history. Hollings sought the Democratic nomination in the 1984 presidential election but dropped out of the race after the New Hampshire primary, he was succeeded by Republican Jim DeMint. Hollings was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of Wilhelmine Dorothea Meyer and Adolph Gevert Hollings, Sr, he was raised at 338 President St. in the Hampton Park Terrace neighborhood from the age of 10 until he enrolled in college. Hollings graduated from The Citadel in 1942, he achieved an LL. B. in 1947 after 21 months at the University of South Carolina, joined a law practice in Charleston. Hollings was a member of the Pi Kappa Phi fraternity, he was married to Rita Liddy "Peatsy" Hollings from August 21, 1971, until her death in October 2012. He had four children with his first wife, Martha Patricia Salley Hollings, whom he married on March 30, 1946.
He was a Lutheran. In addition and Patricia had two sons who died, he served as an officer in the U. S. Army's 353rd and 457th Artillery units from 1942 to 1945, during World War II, was awarded the Bronze Star for meritorious service in direct support of combat operations from December 13, 1944, to May 1, 1945, in France and Germany, he received the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with five Bronze Service Stars for participation in the Tunisia, Southern France, Rome-Arno, Central Europe Campaigns. He served three terms in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1949 to 1954. After only one term, Hollings' colleagues elected him Speaker Pro Tempore in 1951 and 1953, he was subsequently elected Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina in 1954, Governor in 1958 at the age of 36. As governor of South Carolina from January 20, 1959, to January 15, 1963, Hollings worked to improve the state's educational system, helping to bring more industry and employment opportunities to the state.
His term in office saw the establishment of the state's technical education system and its educational television network. He called for and achieved significant increases in teachers' salaries, bringing them closer to the regional average. At the 1961 Governor's Conference on Business, Industry and Agriculture in Columbia, South Carolina, he declared, "Today, in our complex society, education is the cornerstone upon which economic development must be built—and prosperity assured."During Hollings' term as governor, the Confederate battle flag was flown above the South Carolina State House underneath the U. S. and state flags. The battle flag was placed over the dome in 1962 by a concurrent resolution of the state legislature during the commemoration of the Civil War centennial; the resolution failed to designate a time for its removal. In 2000 the state legislature voted to move the flag from above the state house to a Confederate soldiers' monument in front of the building, where it remained until 2015, when Republican governor Nikki Haley ordered it removed following the murders of nine black churchgoers by a Confederate sympathizer in the state earlier that year.
In his last address to the General Assembly on January 9, 1963, ahead of the peaceful admission to Clemson University of its first black student, Harvey Gantt, Hollings declared: "As we meet, South Carolina is running out of courts... this General Assembly must make clear South Carolina's choice, a government of laws rather than a government of men…This should be done with dignity. It should be done with law and order."Hollings oversaw the last executions in South Carolina before the U. S. Supreme Court's decision in Georgia, which temporarily banned capital punishment. During his term, eight inmates were put to death by electric chair; the last was rapist Douglas Thorne, on April 20, 1962. He sought the Democratic nomination for a seat in the U. S. Senate in 1962 but lost to incumbent Olin D. Johnston. Johnston died on April 18, 1965. Hollings' successor as governor, Donald S. Russell, resigned in order to accept appointment to the Senate seat. In the summer of 1966, Hollings defeated Russell in the Democratic primary for the remaining two years of the term.
He narrowly won the special election on November 8, 1966, against the Democrat-turned-Republican Marshall Parker, was sworn in shortly thereafter. He gained seniority on other newly elected U. S. senators who would have to wait until January 1967 to take the oath of office. In 1967, he was one of eleven senators who voted against the n