Edson Arantes do Nascimento, known as Pelé, is a Brazilian retired professional footballer who played as a forward. He is regarded by many in the sport, including football writers and fans, as the greatest player of all time. In 1999, he was voted World Player of the Century by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics, was one of the two joint winners of the FIFA Player of the Century award; that same year, Pelé was elected Athlete of the Century by the International Olympic Committee. According to the IFFHS, Pelé is the most successful domestic league goal-scorer in football history scoring 650 goals in 694 League matches, in total 1281 goals in 1363 games, which included unofficial friendlies and is a Guinness World Record. During his playing days, Pelé was for a period the best-paid athlete in the world. Pelé began playing for Santos at age 15 and the Brazil national team at 16. During his international career, he won three FIFA World Cups: 1958, 1962 and 1970, being the only player to do so.
Pelé is the all-time leading goalscorer for Brazil with 77 goals in 92 games. At club level he is the record goalscorer for Santos, led them to the 1962 and 1963 Copa Libertadores. Known for connecting the phrase "The Beautiful Game" with football, Pelé's "electrifying play and penchant for spectacular goals" made him a star around the world, his teams toured internationally in order to take full advantage of his popularity. Since retiring in 1977, Pelé has been a worldwide ambassador for football and has made many acting and commercial ventures. In 2010, he was named the Honorary President of the New York Cosmos. Averaging a goal per game throughout his career, Pelé was adept at striking the ball with either foot in addition to anticipating his opponents' movements on the field. While predominantly a striker, he could drop deep and take on a playmaking role, providing assists with his vision and passing ability, he would use his dribbling skills to go past opponents. In Brazil, he is hailed as a national hero for his accomplishments in football and for his outspoken support of policies that improve the social conditions of the poor.
Throughout his career and in his retirement, Pelé received several individual and team awards for his performance in the field, his record-breaking achievements, legacy in the sport. Pelé was born Edson Arantes do Nascimento on 23 October 1940, in Três Corações, Minas Gerais, the son of Fluminense footballer Dondinho and Celeste Arantes, he was the elder of two siblings. He was named after the American inventor Thomas Edison, his parents decided to remove the "i" and call him "Edson", but there was a mistake on the birth certificate, leading many documents to show his name as "Edison", not "Edson", as he is called. He was nicknamed "Dico" by his family, he received the nickname "Pelé" during his school days, when it is claimed he was given it because of his pronunciation of the name of his favorite player, local Vasco da Gama goalkeeper Bilé, which he misspoke but the more he complained the more it stuck. In his autobiography, Pelé stated he had no idea what the name did his old friends. Apart from the assertion that the name is derived from that of Bilé, that it is Hebrew for "miracle", the word has no known meaning in Portuguese.
Pelé grew up in poverty in Bauru in the state of São Paulo. He earned extra money by working in tea shops as a servant. Taught to play by his father, he could not afford a proper football and played with either a sock stuffed with newspaper and tied with a string or a grapefruit, he played for several amateur teams in his youth, including Sete de Setembro, Canto do Rio, São Paulinho, Amériquinha. Pelé led Bauru Athletic Club juniors to two São Paulo state youth championships. In his mid-teens, he played. Indoor football had just become popular in Bauru, he was part of the first Futebol de Salão competition in the region. Pelé and his team won several others. According to Pelé, indoor football presented difficult challenges. Pelé accredits indoor football for helping. In addition, indoor football allowed him to play with adults. In one of the tournaments he participated, he was considered too young to play, but went on to end up top scorer with fourteen or fifteen goals. "That gave me a lot of confidence", Pelé said, "I knew not to be afraid of whatever might come".
In 1956, de Brito took Pelé to Santos, an industrial and port city located near São Paulo, to try out for professional club Santos FC, telling the directors at Santos that the 15-year-old would be "the greatest football player in the world." Pelé impressed Santos coach Lula during his trial at the Estádio Vila Belmiro, he signed a professional contract with the club in June 1956. Pelé was promoted in the local media as a future superstar, he made his senior team debut on 7 September 1956 at the age of 15 against Corinthians Santo Andre and had an impressive performance in a 7–1 victory, scoring the first goal in his prolific career during the match. When the 1957 season started, Pelé was given a starting place in the first team and, at the age of 16, became the top scorer in the league. Ten months after signing professionally, the teenager was called up to the Brazil national team. After the 1958 and the 1962 World Cup, wealthy Euro
1957 South American Championship
The South American Championship 1957 was a football tournament held in Peru and won by Argentina with Brazil as runners-up. Bolivia, Paraguay withdrew from the tournament. Humberto Maschio from Argentina and Javier Ambrois from Uruguay became top scorers of the tournament with 9 goals each. For a complete list of participating squads see: 1957 South American Championship squads Match suspended at the 43rd minute due to pitch invasion. A total of 33 different players scored 101 goals in the tournament. None of them is credited as own goal. 9 Goals 8 Goals 5 Goals Alberto Terry4 Goals Jorge Larraz3 Goals 2 Goals 1 Goal South American Championship 1957 at RSSSF
Raúl Belén was an Argentine football forward who played for Argentina in the 1962 FIFA World Cup. He played for Racing Club de Avellaneda. FIFA profile Raúl Belén's obituary
Uruguay national football team
The Uruguay national football team represents Uruguay in international association football and is controlled by the Uruguayan Football Association, the governing body for football in Uruguay. The current head coach is Óscar Tabárez; the Uruguayan team is referred to as La Celeste. They have won the Copa América 15 times, the most successful national team in the tournament, the most recent title being the 2011 edition; the team has won the FIFA World Cup twice, including the first World Cup in 1930 as hosts, defeating Argentina 4–2 in the final. They won their second title in 1950, upsetting host Brazil 2–1 in the final match, which received an attendance higher than any football match ever, they have won the Gold Medals in football at the Summer Olympics twice, in 1924 and 1928 recognized by FIFA as World Championships, before the creation of the World Cup. Uruguay won the 1980 Mundialito, a tournament among former World Cup champions. In total, Uruguay have won 20 official titles, a world record for the most international titles held by any country.
Their success is amplified by the fact that the nation has a small population of around 3.4 million inhabitants. Uruguay is by far the smallest country in the world to have won a World Cup in terms of population, 1.75 million inhabitants in 1930. The second-smallest country, by population, to have won the World Cup is Argentina with a population of nearly 28 million people in 1978. Uruguay is the smallest country to win any World Cup medals. In 1901, Uruguay played against Argentina in their first match, a close contest won by Argentina 3–2. Prior to 1916, Uruguay played more than 30 matches; the inaugural Copa America provided Uruguay with more varied opposition. Victories over Chile and Brazil, along with a tie against Argentina, enabled Uruguay to win the tournament; the following year Uruguay hosted the competition, retained the title by winning every game. The 1919 Copa América saw Uruguay's first defeat in the tournament, a 1–0 defeat in a playoff with Brazil which went to two periods of extra time, the longest Copa América match in history.
In 1924, the Uruguay team traveled to Paris to become the first South American team to compete in the Olympic Games. In contrast to the physical style of the European teams of the era, Uruguay played a style based around short passes, won every game, defeating Switzerland 3–0 in the gold medal match. In the 1928 Summer Olympics, Uruguay went to Amsterdam to defend their title, again winning the gold medal after defeating Argentina 2–1 in the replay of the final. FIFA assumed the responsibility of the organization of the Football Games to be played by FIFA rules and the tournaments would be recognized as World Championships, it only happened twice until the creation of its own FIFA World Championship, the FIFA World Cup, in 1930. Following the double Olympic triumph, Uruguay was chosen as the host nation for the first World Cup, held in 1930, the centenary of Uruguay's first constitution. During the World Cup, Uruguay won all its matches, converted a 1–2 half-time deficit to a 4–2 victory against Argentina at the Estadio Centenario.
Due to the refusal of some European teams to participate in the first World Cup, the Uruguayan Football Association urged other countries to reciprocate by boycotting the 1934 World Cup played in Italy. For the 1938 World Cup, France was chosen as host, contrary to a previous agreement to alternate the championships between South America and Europe, so Uruguay again refused to participate. Uruguay again won the World Cup in 1950, beating hosts Brazil in one of the biggest upsets in World Cup history; the decisive match was at the Maracanã Stadium in Brazil. Uruguay came from behind to beat the host nation in a match which would become known as the Maracanazo. Many Brazilians had to be treated for shock after the event, such was the surprise of Uruguay's victory. After their fourth-place finish in the 1954 World Cup, the team had mixed performances and after the fourth-place finish in 1970, their dominance and performance dropped, they were no longer a world football power and failed to qualify for the World Cup on five occasions in the last nine competitions.
They at one time ranked 76th in the FIFA World Rankings. In 2010, however, a new generation of footballers, led by Luis Suárez, Diego Forlán and Edinson Cavani, formed a team considered to be Uruguay's best in the last four decades, catching international attention after finishing fourth in the 2010 World Cup. Uruguay opened the tournament with a goalless draw against France, followed by defeats of South Africa in and Mexico finishing at the top of their group with seven points. In the second round, they played South Korea, defeating them 2–1 with star striker Luis Suárez scoring a brace and earning Uruguay a spot in the quarter-finals for the first time since 1970. Against Ghana, the match finished 1–1, forcing the game into extra-time. Both sides had their chances at extra time but Suárez blocked the ball with his hand in the penalty area, earning Suárez a red card and earning Uruguay universal scorn. Ghana striker Asamoah Gyan missed the subsequent penalty, forcing the game to go into penalties where Uruguay would win 4–2, sending them into the last four.
They played the Netherlands in the semifinals but were beaten 3–2. For the third-place match, they played Germany, again losing 3–2; this placed Uruguay in fourth place for the tournament, thei
Penalty kick (association football)
A penalty kick is a method of restarting play in association football, in which a player is allowed to take a single shot on the goal while it is defended only by the opposing team's goalkeeper. It is awarded when a foul punishable by a direct free kick is committed by a player in his or her own penalty area; the shot is taken from the penalty mark, 12 yards from the goal line and centred between the touch lines. In practice, penalty kicks result in goals more than not against the best and most experienced goalkeepers; this means that penalty awards are decisive in low-scoring games. Similar kicks are made in a penalty shootout in some tournaments to determine which team is victorious after a drawn match; the ball is placed on the penalty mark, regardless of. The player taking the kick is to be identified to the referee. Only the kicker and the defending team's goalkeeper are allowed to be within the penalty area; the goalkeeper must stand on the goal line between the goal posts. Lateral movement is allowed, but the goalkeeper is not permitted to come off the goal line by stepping or lunging forward until the ball is in play.
The assistant referee responsible for the goal line where the penalty kick is being taken is positioned at the intersection of the penalty area and goal line, assists the referee in looking for infringements and/or whether a goal is scored. When the referee is satisfied that the players are properly positioned, he/she blows the whistle to indicate that the kicker may kick; the kicker may make feinting moves during the run-up to the ball, but once the run-up is completed he/she may no longer feint and must kick the ball. The ball must be stationary before the kick, it must be kicked forward; the ball is in play once it is kicked and moves, at that time other players may enter the penalty area. Once kicked, the kicker may not touch the ball again until it has been touched by another player of either team or goes out of play. In case of an infringement of the laws of the game during a penalty kick, most entering the penalty area illegally, the referee must consider both whether the ball entered the goal, which team committed the offence.
The following infringements committed by the kicking team result in an indirect free kick for the defending team, regardless of the outcome of the kick: a teammate of the identified kicker kicks the ball instead kicker feints kicking the ball at the end of the run-up kick does not go forward kicker touches the ball a second time before it touches another player In the case of a player infringing the laws during the penalty kick, the referee may caution the player for persistent infringement. Note that all offences that occur before kick may be dealt with in this manner, regardless of the location of the offence. If the ball touches an outside agent as it moves forward from the kick, the kick is retaken. A two-man penalty, or "tap" penalty, occurs when the kicker, instead of shooting for goal, taps the ball forward so that a teammate can run on to it and shoot. If properly executed, it is a legal play since the kicker is not required to shoot for goal and need only kick the ball forward; this strategy relies on the element of surprise, as it first requires the goalkeeper to believe the kicker will shoot dive or move to one side in response.
It requires the goalkeeper to remain out of position long enough for the kicker's teammate to reach the ball before any defenders, for that teammate to place a shot on the undefended side of the goal. The first recorded tap penalty was taken by Jimmy McIlroy and Danny Blanchflower of Northern Ireland against Portugal on 1 May 1957. Another was taken by Rik Coppens and André Piters in the World Cup Qualifying match Belgium v Iceland on 5 June 1957. Arsenal players Thierry Henry and Robert Pires failed in an attempt at a similar penalty in 2005, during a Premier League match against Manchester City at Highbury. Pires ran in to take the kick, attempted to pass to the onrushing Henry, but miskicked and the ball hardly moved. Lionel Messi tapped a penalty for Luis Suárez as Suárez completed his hat-trick on 14 February 2016 against league opponents Celta de Vigo. Defending against a penalty kick is one of the most difficult tasks a goalkeeper can face. Owing to the short distance between the penalty spot and the goal, there is little time to react to the shot.
Because of this, the goalkeeper will start his or her dive before the ball is struck. In effect, the goalkeeper must act on his best prediction about; some goalkeepers decide which way they will dive beforehand, thus giving themselves a good chance of diving in time. Others try to read the kicker's motion pattern. On the other side, kickers feign and prefer a slow shot in an attempt to foil the goalkeeper; the most fruitful approach, shooting high and centre, i.e. in the space that the goalkeeper will evacuate carries the highest risk of shooting above the bar. As the shooter makes his approach to the ball, the goalke
Colombia national football team
The Colombia national football team represents Colombia in international football competitions and is overseen by the Colombian Football Federation. It is a member of the CONMEBOL and is ranked 12th in the FIFA World Rankings; the team are nicknamed Los Cafeteros due to the coffee production in their country. Since the mid-1980s, the national team has been a symbol fighting the country's negative reputation; this has made the sport popular and made the national team a sign of nationalism and passion for many Colombians worldwide. Colombia is known for having a passionate fan base. Colombia had its strongest period during the 1990s. A 1993 match resulted in a 5–0 win over Argentina which began a special "mutual respect" rivalry between both nations; the goalkeeper René Higuita achieved fame from his eccentric scorpion kick clearance against England at Wembley Stadium in 1995. Stars from Colombia's team included Faustino Asprilla. During this era Colombia qualified for the 1990, 1994, 1998 World Cups, only reaching the second round in 1990.
Following the murder of Andrés Escobar after the 1994 World Cup, Colombia's team faded in the latter half of the 1990s. They were the champions of the 2001 Copa América, which they hosted and set a new Copa América record of conceding no goals and winning each match. Prior to that success, they were runners-up to Peru in the 1975 Copa América. In total, Colombia has gained a top four result in seven Copa Américas. Colombia was the first team to win FIFA best mover in 1993 where the achievement was first introduced and the second team after Croatia to win it twice in 2012. Colombia missed three World Cups between 2002 and 2010. During the 2014 World Cup qualifiers, Colombia showed improvement over the 2011 Copa América, bringing its rank up to the top ten for the first time since 2002 and into the top five for the first time since 2004. After a 16-year-long wait, in 2014 Colombia returned to the World Cup, where they were able to advance to the quarter-finals, the furthest Colombia has made it in a World Cup.
Colombia's midfielder James Rodríguez won two awards, the Golden Boot for most goals and Best Goal of the Tournament. Colombia played its first official matches at Caribbean Games; the Colombia national football team was composed by all the players of the Club Juventud Bogotana. Alfonso Novoa was the manager of Colombia until 23 February; the first game was played on 10 February 1938 against Mexico. Colombia was defeated 1–3. Colombia was able to obtain the bronze medal, with three losses; the same year, Colombia played at the I Bolivarian Games in Bogotá, where they finished fourth with one win and three losses. Fernando Paternoster was the manager of the side's first foreign manager. Colombia did not play again until 1945, when they participated for the first time at the South American Championship, finishing in fifth place; this time, Colombia was composed by players of Junior de Barranquilla save for Antonio de la Hoz and Pedro Ricardo López. Roberto Meléndez was coach of Colombia throughout the tournament.
The first match of Colombia in the professional era was played on 6 April in the 1949 South American Championship, a 3–0 defeat against Paraguay. Austrian coach Friedrich Donnenfeld was the manager of Colombia during the tournament; as Junior was chosen to represent Colombia in the tournament, he became in the first European manager of the Colombia national team. The team, repeated their losing streak since, as in the previous tournament, ended eighth with two draws and five losses, scoring four goals. After a withdrawal in 1938 and getting banned in 1954, Colombia participated for the first time in qualifying for the 1958 FIFA World Cup in Sweden, their first match was on 16 June 1957 against Uruguay in a 1 -- 1 draw. Colombia lost their next matches. At the 1962 World Cup, Colombia lost 2 -- 1 against Uruguay. Luis Cubilla and Jorge Sasía scored for Uruguay at the 56th and 75th minute while Francisco Zuluaga scored a 19th-minute penalty goal for Colombia. In the second match, they earned a 4–4 draw with the Soviet Union, champions of the 1960 European Nations' Cup.
In this game, Colombia scored four goals against Soviet goalkeeper Lev Yashin considered the best goalkeeper in football history. In that game, Marcos Coll scored the only olympic goal in World Cup history so far; the Colombian campaign in 1962 ended with a 5–0 defeat against Yugoslavia, who finished in fourth place in the tournament. After the 1962 World Cup, Colombia didn't qualify for over 28 years before they returned at 1990 edition. At 1990 World Cup, Colombia defeated United Arab Emirates 2–0, lost to Yugoslavia 1–0, earned their place in the round of 16 after a 1–1 draw with West Germany, who would win the World Cup. Colombia would be eliminated in their next match against Cameroon with a 2–1 defeat in extra time. For the 1994 World Cup, Colombia finished top of their qualifying group without having lost a match, which included a historic 5–0 win over Argentina in Buenos Aires. Expectations of the team were high, some naming them as favourites to win the tournament. Colombia was assigned to the Group A with the hosts United States and Switzerland.
During the tournament, Colombia only earned
Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti
Estadio Antonio Vespucio Liberti referred to as River Plate Stadium, Monumental de Núñez, or El Monumental, is a stadium in the Belgrano district of Buenos Aires, home of the football club River Plate. It was named after former club president Antonio Vespucio Liberti, it is the largest stadium in Argentina with a capacity of 66,266 and is home of the Argentina national football team. It was the main venue in the 1951 Pan American Games, it hosted the 1978 FIFA World Cup Final between Argentina and the Netherlands. Additionally, it hosted four finals of the Copa América, most in 2011; the Club Atlético River Plate was founded in 1901 and by 1934, it had won two championships. At the time, the club was nicknamed "Los Millonarios" because of the purchase of forward Carlos Peucelle for whom River had paid a huge amount of money. On October 31, 1934, River Plate purchased the land where the club was to build the new stadium in the neighborhood of Belgrano. El Monumental was built on land reclaimed from the marshy coast of Río de la Plata.
On May 25, 1935, the cornerstone was laid on Río de la Plata Avenues. On December 1 of that year, the Steering Committee presented the approved project in detail to its members at an assembly, they obtained a loan of $2,500,000 from the government and on September 27, 1936, construction began under the direction of architects José Aslan and Héctor Ezcurra. The initial cost of work reached the figure of $4,479,545.80, but was reduced to about 3 million dollars when the committee decided to halt the construction of the north end of the stadium due to a lack of adequate funds. The foundation of the stadium was to be eight feet deep; this required open pit excavation to ensure the stability of the ground, pumping bilge water from the site. The construction of the three stands was completed in two years. There are 50 km of steps, with 26,000 square meters of reinforced concrete and 3,000 tons of steel; the stadium was inaugurated on Wednesday 25 May, amidst a crowd of 65,000 people. They witnessed the handing over of an Argentine flag, one from the club, paid for by a group of associates, sang the national anthem and the River Plate chant.
The next day, nearly 68,000 spectators were present. After various activities the evening ended with a match between River Plate and Uruguay team Peñarol, with a 3–1 victory for the home squad. In the 2016-17 league season, River Plate drew an average home attendance of 37,000, the second-highest in the league; when the Monumental project was designed, it consisted of four double decker stands. As the bank loan was not enough to carry out the entire project, the stadium was left with a horseshoe shape; the horseshoe was enclosed in 1958, under the club presidency of Enrique Pardo. The new construction, the first tier Colonia stand, was financed by proceeds from the 10M pesos transfer of Omar Sivori to Juventus of Italy. With the new construction the stadium's capacity reached 90,000; the stadium was remodelled and completed to meet the original project after Argentina was awarded the right to host the 1978 World Cup. River Plate was lent money by the Military Government in charge of the country at the time but they struggled to meet repayments due to the changes of currency, which had a detrimental effect on the team.
Monumental was the headquarters for the 1978 World Cup. The venue was opened on June 1 for the match between West Poland, they hosted seven more games, including the final between Argentina and the Netherlands. San Lorenzo earned the record for highest number of people attending a match for a visiting team in 1982. In their second division match against Tigre, San Lorenzo, brought more than 70,000 people to River's stadium. In 1975 when River played Racing for the title 100,000 were present. At the end of the 1986 and 1996 Copa Libertadores second-leg finals, more seats were added and 86,000 spectators were in attendance, it is estimated that for the Argentina versus Uruguay 1987 Copa América semifinal more than 87,000 spectators attended. In 1993, in a qualification match for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, Argentina lost 5–0 to Colombia, its greatest defeat at home. Since however, Argentina had never lost a match in World Cup qualifying within this stadium until Ecuador won 2-0 on October 8, 2015; the total length of the seating in the stands of the stadium is over 70 kilometers.
The stadium served as venue for the following matches during the World Cup: The Monumental, aside from being River Plate's home ground accommodates the Argentine National Football Team in their home games for events such as the FIFA World Cup qualification. The Monumental hosted the closing ceremonies and the athletics events of the First Pan American Games in 1951; the stadium host the first Super Special Stage of the 2007 Rally Argentina of WRC. Rugby union matches featuring the Argentina national rugby union team, Los Pumas take place on this field, although the Pumas more play at other stadiums; when an international performing artist or band visits Buenos Aires, the concerts are held in this stadium, as it is the biggest in the city and in all of Argentina. The stadium played host to Amnesty International's final Human Rights Now! Benefit Concert on October 15, 1988; the show was headlined by Sting and Peter Gabriel and featured Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band, Tracy Chapman, Y