Boston Garden was an arena in Boston, United States. Designed by boxing promoter Tex Rickard, who built the third iteration of New York's Madison Square Garden, it opened on November 17, 1928 as "Boston Madison Square Garden" and outlived its original namesake by 30 years, it was above North Station, a train station, a hub for the Boston and Maine Railroad and is now a hub for MBTA Commuter Rail and Amtrak trains. The Garden hosted home games for the Boston Bruins of the National Hockey League and the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association, as well as rock concerts, amateur sports and professional wrestling matches and ice shows, it was used as an exposition hall for political rallies such as the speech by John F. Kennedy in November 1960. Boston Garden was demolished in 1998, three years after the completion of its new successor arena, TD Garden. Tex Rickard, the noted entrepreneur and boxing promoter who built and operated the third Madison Square Garden, sought to expand his empire by building seven "Madison Square Gardens" around the country.
On November 15, 1927, Homer Loring, chairman of the Boston & Maine Railroad, announced that plans had been finalized for the construction of a new North Station facility, which would include a sports arena. A group led by Rickard, John S. Hammond, William F. Carey of the Madison Square Garden Corporation, as well as Boston businessmen Charles F. Adams and Huntington Hardwick, signed a 25-year lease for the arena. Sheldon Fairbanks was chosen to be the arena's first general manager. Boston & Maine shareholder Edmund D. Codman challenged the legality of the railroad constructing a non-railroad building; the Massachusetts General Court passed legislation expanding the corporate powers of the Boston & Maine Railroad, signed by Governor Alvan T. Fuller on March 6, 1928. Codman's Bill in equity was dismissed by Massachusetts Supreme Court Justice John B. Crosby in October 1928. Built at a cost of $10 million – over double the cost for New York's arena three years earlier – Boston Garden turned out to be the last of Rickard's proposed series, a decision fueled by high costs and Rickard's death in 1929.
The Garden's first event was on November 17, 1928, a boxing card headlined by Boston Native "Honey Boy" Dick Finnegan's defeat of Andre Routis. The first team sporting event was held three days an ice hockey game between the Bruins and the archrival Montreal Canadiens, won by the Canadiens 1–0; the game was attended by 17,000 fans, 2,000 over capacity, as fans without tickets stormed their way in. The game started 25 minutes late. Windows and doors were broken by the fans in the action; the first non-sporting event, a conclave featuring evangelist Rodney "Gipsy" Smith, was held on March 24, 1929. During the Boston Garden's early years, the arena was owned by the Boston and Maine Corporation and controlled by Rickard and the Madison Square Garden. In 1934, the Madison Square Garden Corporation sold its interest in the Boston Garden to the Boston Arena Corporation, led by Henry G. Lapham; this resulted in the creation of the Boston Garden-Arena Corporation. George V. Brown served as general manager of the Garden under the Boston Garden-Arena Corporation until his death in 1937, when he was succeeded by his son, Walter A. Brown.
During the early years of the Boston Garden, the building's main draws were boxing and Bruins hockey. Johnny Indrisano, Lou Brouillard, Ernie Schaaf, Al Mello, Jack Sharkey were among the boxers who fought at the Boston Garden. Wrestling became big due to the popularity of Gus Sonnenberg. Sonnenberg defeated Ed "Strangler" Lewis at the Garden in 1929 in a fight that set an attendance record for a wrestling match and drew a record gate. Paul Bowser promoted wrestling in Boston at this time and when the sport began to lose popularity, he brought Danno O'Mahony from Ireland to Boston. O'Mahony became a popular draw at the Garden. In 1930, construction on the Hotel Manger, a 500-room hotel connected to the Boston Garden through an elevated skyway, was completed; the hotel closed in 1976 and was demolished in 1983. The Garden suffered economically during the Great Depression. Boxing was at a low point in Boston, as fighters chose to work in other cities, wrestling attendance was down, hockey attendance waned after Ace Bailey suffered a severe head injury at the hands of Bruin Eddie Shore in 1933.
During this period Sonja Henie's Hollywood Ice Revue and the Ice Follies were successful draws and kept the Garden afloat. In 1939, a financial dispute between Henie and her managers led Walter Brown and eight other arena managers to found the Ice Capades. Rickard built the arena with boxing in mind, believing every seat should be close enough to see the "sweat on the boxers' brows"; because of this design theme, fans were much closer to the players during Bruins and Celtics games than in most arenas, leading to a distinct hometown advantage. This physical proximity created spectacular acoustic effects, much like the Chicago Stadium; when teams made playoff appearances, a sold-out crowd was chanting or screaming, the impact was enormous. Due to the success of the Celtics in the 1980s, the Boston Garden was one of the most difficult buildings for visiting NBA teams. During the 1985–86 season, the Celtics were 40–1 at home, setting the NBA record for home court mastery, they finished the post-season undefeated at home.
Combined with the following regular season, the Celtics' Garden record was an amazing 79-3 between the 1985–86 and 1986–87 regular seasons. While the parquet floor was an important part of the history of the Celtics, it
Donald Eugene Conley was a Major League Baseball pitcher who played 11 seasons from 1952 to 1963 for four teams. Conley played forward in the 1952–53 season and from 1958 to 1964 for two teams in the National Basketball Association, he is best known for being one of only two people to win championships in two of the four major American sports, one with the Milwaukee Braves in the 1957 World Series and three Boston Celtics championships from 1959–61. Conley was born in Oklahoma. While still young, his family moved to Washington, he attended Richland High School. He reached the all-state team in baseball and basketball and was the state champion in the high jump. Conley attended Washington State University, where students "kidnapped" him during a recruiting visit in an effort to convince him to matriculate. In 1950 he played on the Cougar team. In basketball, Conley was twice selected honorable mention to the All-America team, leading the team in scoring with 20 points per game, he was a first-team All-PCC selection in 1950.
During the summer, Conley pitched semiprofessional baseball in Walla Walla, Washington, in which scouts from every Major League Baseball team came to recruit him. He was getting contract offers to play professional basketball from the Minneapolis Lakers and the Tri-Cities Blackhawks. At first he declined the offers, saying that his family didn't want him to sign any professional contracts until he finished school, but the offers were getting bigger, in August 1950 he signed a professional contract with the Boston Braves for a $3,000 bonus. Conley attended spring training in 1951 and was assigned to Hartford of the Eastern League by the request of former Braves star Tommy Holmes, managing the club. After a month, Conley had a record of five wins and only one loss and was praised by observers in the league, saying that he had the best fastball since former pitcher Van Lingle Mungo played in the league in 1933. On June 10, he threw a one-hitter against Schenectady Blue Jays, giving up the lone hit in the seventh inning.
Holmes was promoted to manager of the Braves on June 25, was replaced by future Baseball Hall of Famer Travis Jackson. By August 1, Conley had a record of 16 wins with only three losses, he was unanimously selected to the Eastern League All-Star team on August 29. He received the Eastern League MVP award that season after he became the first player in Hartford history to win twenty games in a single season. In the beginning of the 1952 season, along with fellow rookies George Crowe and Eddie Mathews, was invited to spring training with a chance of making the roster. Around that time, the United States Army was drafting for the Korean War. Many major and minor league players were selected to fight in the war. Conley was deferred because of his height, above the Army maximum height for a soldier. Conley's debut with the Boston Braves was April 17, 1952 versus the Brooklyn Dodgers, the Braves' third game of the regular season. Conley started and faced a lineup that included four future members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Roy Campanella, Jackie Robinson, Pee Wee Reese and Duke Snider.
In four innings, Conley gave up four runs on 11 hits and two walks, taking the loss as the Dodgers prevailed 8-2. Conley lost his next three starts through early May, ending the season with an 0-4 record and a 7.82 ERA. Conley would return to the majors in 1954 with the Milwaukee Braves, going 14-9 in 28 games with a 2.82 ERA, making the National League All-Star team and finishing third in Rookie of the Year voting behind Wally Moon and Ernie Banks, with Conley's Braves teammate Hank Aaron finishing fourth. The following season in 1955, Conley would be named to the All-Star game again, completing the season with an 11-7 record with a 4.16 ERA. Conley would pitch for the Braves through 1959, compiling a record of 42-43 including an 0-6 record in his final season in Milwaukee. In his lone postseason appearance in the 1957 World Series on Oct. 5 against the New York Yankees, Conley pitched an inning and two-thirds in relief of starter Bob Buhl, surrendering a two-run home run to Mickey Mantle as the Yankees went on to win the game 12-3.
In the spring of 1959 with the Celtics in a playoff push, Conley delayed reporting to spring training with the Milwaukee Braves, prompting the team to trade Conley on March 31 to the Phillies. Conley would make his third and final All-Star game with the Phillies, going 12-7 with a 3.00 ERA, with his season ending on August 19 after he was hit by a pitch while batting, breaking his hand. After new contract talks bogged down, on Dec. 15, 1960 the Phillies traded Conley to the Red Sox. In three seasons with the Red Sox through 1963, Conley had a 29-32 record, with the win total including the final start of his major league career on Sept. 21, 1963, going six innings against the Minnesota Twins in an 11-2 victory. In 11 seasons pitching for the Braves and Red Sox, Conley posted a 91–96 record with 888 strikeouts and a 3.82 ERA in 1588.2 innings. Conley was the winning pitcher in the 1955 All-Star Game and was selected for the 1954 and 1959 games. Conley was the last living player to have played for both the Boston Red Sox and Boston Braves.
In the middle of his first season of pro
The small forward known as the three, is one of the five positions in a regulation basketball game. Small forwards are shorter and leaner than power forwards and centers, but taller and larger than either of the guard positions; the small forward is considered to be the most versatile of the five main basketball positions. In the NBA, small forwards range from 6' 6" to 6' 10" while in the WNBA, small forwards are between 5' 11" to 6' 2". Small forwards are responsible for scoring points, defending and as secondary or tertiary rebounders behind the power forward and center, although a few have considerable passing responsibilities. Many small forwards in professional basketball are prolific scorers; the styles with which small forwards amass their points vary widely. Some players at the position are accurate shooters, others prefer to initiate physical contact with opposing players, still others are slashers who possess jump shots. In some cases, small forwards position as off-the-ball specialists.
Small forwards who are defensive specialists are versatile as they can guard multiple positions using their size and strength
North Carolina Central University
North Carolina Central University known as Central, is a public black university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by James E. Shepard in affiliation with the Chautauqua movement in 1909, it was supported by private funds from both Northern and Southern philanthropists, it was made part of the state system in 1923, when it first received state funding and was renamed as Durham State Normal School. It added graduate classes in arts and sciences, professional schools in law and library science in the late 1930s and 1940s. In 1969 the legislature designated this as a regional university and renamed it as North Carolina Central University, it has been part of the University of North Carolina system since 1972, offers programs at the baccalaureate, master's, professional and doctoral levels. The university is a member-school of Thurgood Marshall College Fund. North Carolina Central University was founded by James E. Shepard as the National Religious Training School and Chautauqua for the Colored Race in the Hayti District.
Chautauqua was an educational movement. The school was chartered in 1909 as a private institution and opened on July 5, 1910. Woodrow Wilson, the future U. S. President, contributed some private support for the school's founding; the school was reorganized in 1915, becoming the National Training School. The National Training School supported Black teacher development in the Jim Crow era, a time when Black education was underfunded by southern states at both the lower and upper levels. Becoming a state-funded institution in 1923, this school was renamed as Durham State Normal School. In 1925, reflecting the expansion of its programs to a four-year curriculum with a variety of majors, it was renamed as the North Carolina College for Negroes, it was the nation's first state-supported liberal arts college for black students. To avoid the state Jim Crow system of segregated passenger cars on trains, Shepard insisted on traveling to Raleigh by car to lobby the legislature; the college's first four-year class graduated in 1929.
The college was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools as an "A" class institution in 1937, but it was not admitted to membership until 1957. Graduate courses in the School of Arts and Sciences were added in 1939, in the School of Law in 1940, in the School of Library Science in 1941. In 1947, the General Assembly changed the name of the institution to North Carolina College at Durham. On October 6, 1947, the founder and president, died, he was succeeded in 1948 by Alfonso Elder. Elder served as president until he retired September 1, 1963. Samuel P. Massie was appointed as the third president on August 9, 1963, resigned on February 1, 1966. On July 1, 1967, Albert N. Whiting assumed the presidency, serving until his retirement June 30, 1983; the 1969 General Assembly designated the institution as one of the State's regional universities, the name was changed to North Carolina Central University. Since 1972, NCCU has been a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina system.
On July 1, 1972, the state's four-year colleges and universities were joined to become The Consolidated University of North Carolina, with 16 individual campuses, headed by a single president and governed by the University of North Carolina Board of Governors. However, each campus was led by a campus-specific Board of Trustees. Whiting was succeeded by LeRoy T. Walker as chancellor, followed by Tyronza R. Richmond, Julius L. Chambers, James H. Ammons, Charlie Nelms, Debra Saunders-White in 2013. Saunders-White was the first woman to hold the office on a permanent basis; the campus is located about a mile south of downtown Durham, North Carolina and about three miles east of Duke University. Eleven buildings built before 1940 are included in a national historic district. All of the buildings, except for the three residences, are Georgian Revival-style buildings, they include the Clyde R. Hoey Administration Building, Alexander Dunn Hall, Annie Day Shepard Hall, five institutional buildings built in the late 1930s under the auspices of the Public Works Administration.
The campus was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. NCCU is a part of the UNC System; the campus is governed by a thirteen-member Board of Trustees: eight elected, four appointed, the president of the Student Government Association serves as an ex-officio member. The Board meets five times per year; as of 2011, NCCU had a total of 8,587 students, including 5396 full-time undergraduate and 1233 full-time graduate students. Sixty-four percent are women and 36 percent are men. Eighty-five percent are African-American, 6 percent are white, 2 percent are Hispanic; as of 2018, NCCU had a student faculty ratio of 16:1. School of Business School of Education School of Law School of Library & Information Sciences School of Nursing College of Behavioral & Social Sciences College of Arts and Sciences NCCU in conjunction with the African American Jazz Caucus sponsors a Jazz Research Institute which conducts an annual Summer Jazz Festival and offers a program in Jazz Studies. Biomedical/Biotechnology Research
Arnold Jacob "Red" Auerbach was an American basketball coach of the Washington Capitols, the Tri-Cities Blackhawks and the Boston Celtics. After he retired from coaching, he served as president and front office executive of the Celtics until his death; as a coach, he won nine National Basketball Association championships in ten seasons. As general manager and team president of the Celtics, he won an additional seven NBA titles, for a grand total of 16 in a span of 29 years, making him one of the most successful team officials in the history of North American professional sports. Auerbach is remembered as a pioneer of modern basketball, redefining basketball as a game dominated by team play and defense and for introducing the fast break as a potent offensive weapon, he groomed many players. Additionally, Auerbach was vital in breaking down color barriers in the NBA, he made history by drafting the first African-American NBA player, Chuck Cooper in 1950, introduced the first African-American starting five in 1964, hired the first African-American head coach in North American sports.
Famous for his polarizing nature, he was well known for smoking a cigar when he thought a victory was assured, a habit that became, for many, "the ultimate symbol of victory" during his Boston tenure. In 1967, the NBA Coach of the Year award, which he had won in 1965, was named the "Red Auerbach Trophy", Auerbach was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1969. In 1980, he was named the greatest coach in the history of the NBA by the Professional Basketball Writers Association of America, was NBA Executive of the Year in 1980. In addition, Auerbach was voted one of the NBA 10 Greatest Coaches in history, was inducted into the National Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, is honored with a retired number 2 jersey in the TD Garden, the home of the Boston Celtics. Arnold Jacob Auerbach was one of the four children of Hyman Auerbach. Hyman was a Russian-Jewish immigrant from Minsk and Marie Auerbach, née Thompson, was American-born. Auerbach Sr. had left Russia when he was 13, the couple owned a delicatessen store and went into the dry-cleaning business.
Little Arnold spent his whole childhood in Williamsburg, playing basketball. With his flaming red hair and fiery temper, Auerbach was soon nicknamed "Red."Amid the Great Depression, Red played basketball at PS 122 and in the Eastern District High School, where he was named "Second Team All-Brooklyn" by the World-Telegram in his senior year. Auerbach received an athletic scholarship to the basketball program of Bill Reinhart at George Washington University in Washington, D. C. Auerbach was a standout basketball player and graduated with a M. A. in 1941. In those years, Auerbach began to understand the importance of the fast break, appreciating how potent three charging attackers against two back-pedalling defenders could be. In 1941, Auerbach began coaching basketball at the St. Albans School and Roosevelt High School in Washington, D. C. Two years he joined the US Navy for three years, coaching the Navy basketball team in Norfolk. There, he caught the eye of Washington millionaire Mike Uline, who hired him to coach the Washington Capitols in the newly founded Basketball Association of America, a predecessor of the NBA.
In the 1946–47 BAA season, Auerbach led a fast break-oriented team built around early BAA star Bones McKinney and various ex-Navy players to a 49–11 win–loss record, including a standard-setting 17-game winning streak that stood as the single-season league record until 1969. In the playoffs, they were defeated by the Chicago Stags in six games; the next year the Capitols went 28–20 but were eliminated from the playoffs in a one-game Western Division tie-breaker. In the 1948–49 BAA season, the Caps won their first 15 games and finished the season at 38–22; the team reached the BAA Finals, but were beaten by the Minneapolis Lakers, who were led by Hall-of-Fame center George Mikan. In the next season, the BAA and the rival league National Basketball League merged to become the NBA, Auerbach felt he had to rebuild his squad. However, owner Uline declined his proposals, Auerbach resigned. After leaving the Capitols, Auerbach became assistant coach of the Duke Blue Devils men's basketball team, it was assumed that Auerbach would take over for head coach Gerry Gerard, battling cancer.
During his tenure at Duke, Auerbach worked with future All-American Dick Groat. Auerbach wrote that he "felt pretty bad waiting for to die" and that it was "no way to get a job". Auerbach left Duke after a few months when Ben Kerner, owner of the Tri-Cities Blackhawks, gave him the green light to rebuild the team from scratch. Auerbach traded more than two dozen players in just six weeks, the revamped Blackhawks improved, but ended the 1949–50 NBA season with a losing record of 28–29; when Kerner traded Auerbach's favorite player John Mahnken, an angry Auerbach resigned again. Prior to the 1950–51 NBA season, Walter Brown, owner of the Boston Celtics, was desperate to turn around his struggling and financially strapped franchise, reeling from a 22–46 record. Brown, in characteristic candor, said to a gathering of local Boston sportswriters, "Boys, I don't know anything about basketball. Who would you recommend I hire as coach?" The group vociferously answered that he get the available Auerbach, Brown complied.
In the 1950 NBA draft, Auerbach made some notable moves. First, he famously snubbed Hall-of-Fame New England point guard Bob Cousy in the 1950 NBA draft, infuriating the Boston crowd, he argued th
James Loscutoff Jr. was a professional basketball player for the NBA's Boston Celtics. A forward, Loscutoff played on seven Celtics championship teams between 1956 and 1964. Loscutoff was born in San Francisco, the son of Nellie George and James Loscutoff, his parents were Russian. He starred in basketball at Palo Alto High School, graduating in 1948. Loscutoff attended Grant Technical College, a two-year college near Sacramento, California before proceeding to the University of Oregon. In his final season at Oregon, Loscutoff led the team in scoring and rebounding with 19.6 points per game and 17.2 rebounds per game. He still holds the Oregon school record for rebounds in a game with 32. Standing 6'5", Loscutoff was selected with the third non-territorial pick of the first round in the 1955 NBA draft, he was drafted by coach Red Auerbach to provide some much-needed defensive nerve for the Celtics team, which had one of the worst defensive records in the league. During his rookie year, Loscutoff set a then-record for the Celtics with 26 rebounds in a game.
In 1957, he sank the final two free throws of a 125-123 double overtime victory over the St. Louis Hawks that gave the Celtics their first NBA championship. In nine seasons, from 1955 to 1964, he played forward and won seven championships as part of the legendary Celtics teams of the 1960s. Loscutoff was described as the Celtics hatchet-man, his defense and strength were part of the defensive greatness of the 1960s Celtics, alongside Hall-of-Famer Bill Russell. Loscutoff's nicknames included "Jungle Jim" and "Loscy"; the organization wished to honor Loscutoff, but he asked that his jersey number not be retired, so that a future Celtic could wear it. Instead, the Celtics added a banner with his nickname "Loscy" to the retired number banners hanging from the rafters of their arenas; the number was retired in honor of another Celtic great, Dave Cowens. Loscutoff lived in Florida and Andover, where his family owns a day camp for children, his wife was artist Lynn Loscutoff. He died in Naples, Florida on December 1, 2015 from complications of Parkinson's disease and pneumonia.
Career Statistics on databasebasketball.com
K. C. Jones
K. C. Jones is an American retired professional basketball player and coach, he is best known for his association with the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association, with whom he won eleven of his twelve NBA championships. As a player, he is tied for third for most NBA championships in a career, is one of three NBA players with an 8-0 record in NBA Finals series, he is the only African-American non-player head coach. Jones was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1989. Jones played college basketball at the University of San Francisco and, along with Bill Russell, led the Dons to two NCAA championships in 1955 and 1956. Jones played with Russell on the United States team which won the gold medal at the 1956 Olympic Games in Melbourne, Australia. After completing college and joining the NBA, Jones considered a career as a NFL player trying out for a team. However, he failed to make the cut. During his playing days, he was known as a tenacious defender. Jones spent all of his nine seasons in the NBA with the Boston Celtics, being part of eight championship teams from 1959 to 1966.
Jones and Russell, five others, are the only players in history to win an NCAA Championship, an NBA Championship, an Olympic Gold Medal. In NBA history, only teammates Bill Russell and Sam Jones have won more championship rings during their playing careers. After Boston lost to the Philadelphia 76ers in the 1967 playoffs, Jones ended his playing career, he was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1989. Jones began his coaching career at Brandeis University, serving as the head coach from 1967 to 1970. Jones served as an assistant coach at Harvard University from 1970 to 1971. Jones reunited with former teammate Bill Sharman as the assistant coach for the 1971–72 NBA champion Los Angeles Lakers during the season the team won a record 33 straight games; the following season, Jones became the first coach of the San Diego Conquistadors, an American Basketball Association franchise which would have a short life. A year in 1973 he became head coach of the Capital Bullets, coaching them for three seasons and leading them to the NBA Finals in 1975.
In 1983, he took over as head coach of the Boston Celtics. Jones guided the Larry Bird-led Celtics to championships in 1984 and 1986. In 1986, Jones led the Eastern squad in the 1986 NBA All-Star Game in Dallas at the Reunion Arena, beating the Western squad 139–132; the Celtics won the Atlantic Division in all five of Jones's seasons as head coach and reached the NBA Finals in 4 of his 5 years as coach. In a surprise announcement, he retired after the 1987-88 season and was succeeded by assistant coach, Jimmy Rodgers, he spent one season in the Celtics front office in 1988-89 and resigned to join the Seattle SuperSonics as an assistant coach and basketball consultant for the 1989-90 season. He served as head coach of the Sonics in 1990-91 and 1991-92. In 1994, Jones joined the Detroit Pistons as an assistant coach for one season; the Pistons head coach at that time, Don Chaney, had played for Jones with the Celtics. Jones was considered to once again coach the Celtics during the off-season in 1995.
In 1996, Jones returned to this time as an assistant coach for one season. Jones returned to the professional coaching ranks in 1997, guiding the New England Blizzard of the fledgling women's American Basketball League through its last 1½ seasons of existence; the Blizzard made the playoffs in Year 2. Two-time NCAA Champion 1956 Olympic Gold Medal winner 12-time NBA Champion "Triple Crown" winner Five-time NBA All-Star Game head coach Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame College Basketball Hall of Fame U. S. Olympic Hall of Fame 2016 Chuck Daly Lifetime Achievement Award List of NBA players with most championships K. C. Jones at the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame NBA.com profile BasketballReference.com: K. C. Jones BasketballReference.com: K. C. Jones