Allen Fieldhouse is an indoor arena in the central United States, on the University of Kansas campus in Lawrence, Kansas. It is home of women's basketball teams; the arena is named after Dr. Forrest C. "Phog" Allen, a former player and head coach for the Jayhawks whose tenure lasted 39 years. Allen Fieldhouse is one of college basketball's most significant and prestigious buildings, with 37 National Collegiate Athletic Association Tournament games having been hosted at the center; the actual playing surface has been named the James Naismith Court, in honor of basketball's inventor, who established KU’s basketball program and served as the Jayhawks' first coach from 1898 to 1907. Allen Fieldhouse has hosted several NCAA tournament regionals, NBA exhibition games, occasional concerts such as The Beach Boys, Elton John, James Taylor and Cher, Leon Russell, Alice Cooper, ZZ Top, Tina Turner, Harry Belafonte, Henry Mancini, The Doobie Brothers and Bob Hope, as well as speakers, including former President Bill Clinton in 2004, Senator Robert F. Kennedy in March 1968, anarchist Abbie Hoffman in 1970.
ESPN The Magazine named Allen Fieldhouse the loudest college basketball arena in the country. The arena broke the Guinness World Record for loudest roar on February 13, 2017 against West Virginia at 130.4 dB. The prior record of 126.4 dB at Lexington's Rupp Arena which lasted less than three weeks had many Kansas fans present as the Jayhawks beat the #4 Wildcats 79-73 in the Big 12/SEC Challenge. Allen Fieldhouse is considered one of the best home court advantages in men's college basketball; the Jayhawks have won over 70 percent of their games in Allen Fieldhouse, losing only a little over 100 games in its over 60 year history. Under current head coach Bill Self, the Jayhawks have had three home court winning streaks over 30 games and two streaks that have reached over 50 games; the construction of Allen Fieldhouse began in 1952, but ground to a halt because of a federal mandate restricting steel consumption following the Second World War and during the Korean War. However, university officials were able to find a loophole: by adding some rooms for gun and weapons storage, construction of the building was able to continue under the guise of an "armory."
Allen Fieldhouse was dedicated on a ten-point victory over rival Kansas State. Renovations have included minor seating expansions in 1986 and 1994, as well as accessibility upgrades in 1999 to modernize concession stands and restroom facilities, to install an elevator in the south end. Handicapped seating was moved courtside behind both baskets in 2001; the concourse was an indoor track. At times the Fieldhouse has been home to men's and women's basketball, indoor track and field and practice facilities for the American football and softball teams. Since additional facilities were constructed to accommodate many of those needs, it is now used for basketball. Max Falkenstien was a stalwart figure in the radio booth, working every home game in Allen Fieldhouse from its construction to his retirement in 2006, 51 years later. Renovations completed in 2005 include a thorough cleaning of the exterior, the creation of a new Booth Family Hall of Athletics facility on the east side of the Fieldhouse, funded by David G. Booth and his family.
Interior renovations include a new hardwood court, new windows, a multimillion-dollar video board and sound system. After 2006, new banners for the retired jerseys and conference and national championships were installed. Renovations completed in 2009 include an expansion of the Booth Family Hall of Athletics and the creation of a donor atrium, as well as improved concessions, wider concourses, restroom upgrades; the building received brand new locker rooms, training rooms, film rooms, player lounges. A pedestrian bridge connecting the fieldhouse to the existing facility parking garage was constructed; the improvements cost $7.8 million. In December 2010, the Booth family announced they had purchased the founding document of the game of basketball, Dr. Naismith's original 13 Rules of Basketball; the document will be permanently housed in an addition to Allen Fieldhouse called the "DeBruce Center". The story behind the Booth family purchasing the document from a Sotheby's auction from the Naismith family was featured in an ESPN 30 for 30 documentary, including fending off a rival bidder who wanted to donate the document to his alma mater Duke University for a similar display at Cameron Indoor Stadium.
Allen Fieldhouse was built with a capacity of 17,000. During Ted Owens' coaching period, the capacity was reduced to 15,200 to improve fire code-mandated egress routes, it was raised to 15,800 in the 1986 offseason, since 1993, its official capacity has been 16,300. Of these seats, 4,000 are dedicated to KU students, with most of the remainder taken by season-ticket-holding members of the Williams Educational Fund, the fundraising arm of KU Athletics, named after Lawrence banker Dick Williams and his sons and Odd; the largest crowd in Allen Fieldhouse for a basketball game was 17,228 on March 1, 1955 when the building was dedicated. Barring another expansion of seating, it is unlikely this record will be broken as fire codes have forced KU to enforce the building's capacity since the mid-1980s. In lieu of retiring numbers, banners hang on the south wall of the fieldhouse to honor former players including Wilt Chamberlain, Clyde Lovellette, Jo Jo White, Danny Manning, Paul Pierce, Lynette Woodard, Drew Gooden, Nick Collison, Kirk Hinrich, among others.
The banners display the player's surname over his/her number. There is a banne
Fred Taylor (basketball, born 1924)
Frederick Rankin Taylor was a college men's basketball coach for The Ohio State University from 1959 to 1976. Prior to that, he played baseball for the Washington Senators. After graduating from Lash High School in Zanesville in 1943, Taylor entered the United States Army Air Forces where he served from 1943 to 1946. Despite never having played high school basketball, he became an outstanding player at Ohio State and was the starting forward on the 1950 Big Ten Conference championship basketball team. Taylor did learn the game of basketball while in the Army Air Forces playing under Captain Rowland Wenzel going undefeated. In addition he was Ohio State University's first All-American baseball player, his number 27 is now retired at Ohio State. After graduating, Taylor signed as an amateur free agent with the baseball Washington Senators on June 6, 1950. A first baseman, he was assigned to the minor league Chattanooga Lookouts, where he batted.263 in 78 games. He made his major league debut on September 12, played six games for the Senators.
Taylor returned to Chattanooga in 1951, this time batting.291 in 152 games. He again earned a brief trial with the Senators. In 1952, he managed to play in ten games. After playing one more season with the independent Beaumont Explorers of the Texas League in 1953, he left baseball for good. After the end of his baseball career, Taylor returned to Ohio State as assistant basketball coach in 1958, becoming head coach the following year. During his 18 years at Ohio State, the Buckeyes won the 1960 NCAA championship, were finalists in 1961 and 1962 and claimed a third-place finish in 1968; the last time he coached the Buckeyes to an NCAA tournament appearance was in 1971, where OSU upset unbeaten Marquette in the Mideast regional semifinal round. However, Western Kentucky beat OSU in the Mideast regional round to advance to the Final Four. In his five NCAA tournament appearances, Taylor's teams went 14–4 and won or shared seven Big Ten titles. Taylor finished his career with an overall record of 297–158 and was named Coach of the Year by the USBWA and UPI in 1961 and 1962.
A talented recruiter, Taylor coached six All-Americans as well as Hall of Famers Jerry Lucas, John Havlicek and Bobby Knight. Taylor served as President of the National Association of Basketball Coaches in 1972, was a member of the U. S. Olympic Basketball Committee from 1964 to 1972 After retiring from coaching in 1976, Taylor managed the U. S. National Team in the 1978 FIBA World Championships and the 1979 Pan American Games. In addition, Taylor managed The Golf Club, a private golf course in New Albany, for 18 years. In addition, Taylor was a television analyst for college basketball on NBC paired with Merle Harmon, during the late 1970s and early 1980s; as players found themselves in precarious situations, Taylor described them as, "between a rock and a hard place." On May 6, 1986, Taylor was enshrined in the Basketball Hall of Fame, having been selected to the Ohio State Hall of Fame. He was inducted into the Ohio Basketball Hall of Fame as part of the Charter Class of 2006. List of NCAA Division I Men's Final Four appearances by coach Fred Taylor at the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference
Bill "Billy" "The Hill" McGill was an American basketball player best known for inventing the jump hook. McGill was the No. 1 overall pick of the 1962 NBA draft from the University of Utah, after leading the NCAA in scoring with 38.8 points per game in 1961-1962. McGill was born in San Antonio, where his mother left him in the care of relatives; when he was five, he moved with his mother to California. McGill attended Jefferson High School in Los Angeles, graduating in 1958. There he was a four-time All Los Angeles City basketball selection playing for Coach Larry Hanson, he was the Los Angeles City Player of the Year in 1957 and 1958, leading Jefferson to two City Championships, in 1955 and 1958. It was during his junior year at Jefferson that he injured his knee in a game against Fremont High School. McGill never followed the recommended medical advice for the injury, as doctors told him not to play basketball any longer and wanted to replace the knee. For years, a doctor secretly drained his knee regularly.
Over 250 colleges recruited McGill. He was recruited to Cal by Coach Pete Newell, but his academics weren't strong enough for him to be admitted. McGill recalled his visit to the University of Hall of Fame Coach Jack Gardner, he said Salt Lake City was "overwhelming and beautiful," adding, "Nothing I have seen on the streets of LA have prepared me for this. It's breathtaking."“ was a player I had to have,” said Gardner years later. A 6'9" center/forward from the University of Utah, McGill was the NCAA scoring leader in the 1961–1962 season with 1,009 points in 26 games, a higher one-season average than any previous player except Frank Selvy in the 1953–1954 season. In 1959-1960, McGill, the first black player at Utah, led the team in averaging 15.5 points and 9.8 rebounds, as the Utah Utes men's basketball team finished 26-3 under Coach Jack Gardner. McGill had 31 points and 13 rebounds in an upset 97-92 regular season victory over #2 ranked and eventual NCAA Champion Ohio State and Jerry Lucas.
The Utes were selected to play in the 1960 NCAA University Division Basketball Tournament. There, they beat USC 80-73 in the first round, behind 10 rebounds from McGill. Utah lost to Oregon 65-54 in the West Regional Semi-Final, as McGill was limited by foul trouble, fouling out with 6 points and 6 rebounds and taking only three shots. Utah defeated Santa Clara 89-81 in the Consolation, as McGill had 14 points and 6 rebounds. In 1960-1961, McGill, led the Utes to a 23-8 record and the NCAA Final Four, averaging 27.8 points per game. In the 1961 NCAA University Division Basketball Tournament, McGill scored 20 points and had 13 rebounds in the 91-75 West Regional Semi-Final win over Loyola Marymount, he led the team to the Final Four with 31 points and 18 rebounds against Arizona State in the Utes 88-80 Regional Final victory. In the 1961 Final Four, McGill scored 25 points with 8 rebounds in a 82-67 loss to eventual NCAA Champion Cincinnati. McGill scored 34 points with 14 rebounds in the 3rd place NCAA game against St. Josephs, with Jack Egan and Jim Lynam.
As a senior in 1961-1962, McGill averaged 38.8 points and 15.0 rebounds, leading the Utes to a 26-3 record and a #7 final ranking. Utah was banned from the 1962 NCAA tournament, because a Ute player had earlier accepted a plane ticket from a booster. During the season, McGill scored 60 points vs. Brigham Young on February 24, 1962, his 60 points remains the school record, but that season, he had nine other over 40 point scoring games: McGill scored 53 vs. Montana on February 10, 1962. West Texas State on December 6, 1961. New Mexico, January 13, 1962. 1961 and 41 vs. New Mexico on February 15, 1962, he had 40 points the previous season against Utah State on January 7, 1961. With Utah banned from the NCAA Tournament, McGill played for Sanders-State Line, an Amateur Athletic Union team in the March, 1962 AAU Tournament, he was chosen as an AAU Men's Basketball All-Americans. McGill is the Utah Utes second all-time scorer and remains first in rebounding, playing in just three seasons. Keith Van Horn broke his scoring record in four seasons.
His three year averages were 71.0 % Free Throws. On March 26, 1962, McGill was selected by the Chicago Zephyrs with the first pick of the 1962 NBA draft. In 1962-1963, as a rookie for Chicago, McGill played in 60 games, averaging 7.4 points and 2.6 rebounds, as the Zephyrs were 25-55 under Jack McMahon and Slick Leonard. McGill received a $5,000 signing bonus and a 2-year contract for $17,000 per year as the No. 1 overall pick. In 1963-1964, Chicago relocated to become the Baltimore Bullets and McGill was averaging 5.2 points in limited action behind Walt Bellamy, when, on October 29, 1963, he was traded by the Bullets to the New York Knicks for Paul Hogue and Gene Shue. In 68 games with the Knicks, he averaged 5.9 rebounds. On October 18, 1964, McGill was traded by the Knicks to the St. Louis Hawks for a 1965 2nd round draft pick. While with the Hawks, McGill taught his jump hook to Bob Pettit, who made the shot a staple of his. After playing sparingly in 16 games for the Hawks, on January 28, 1965, McGill was signed as a free agent with the Los Angeles Lakers, where he played sparingly in just 8 games.
From 1964-1968, McGill played intermittently in the North American Basketball League for the Grand Rapids Tackers and H
St. John's University (New York City)
St. John's University is a private Catholic university in New York City. Founded and run by the Congregation of the Mission in 1870, the school was located in the neighborhood of Bedford–Stuyvesant in the borough of Brooklyn. In the 1950s, the school was relocated to its current site at Utopia Parkway in Queens. St. John's has campuses in Staten Island and Manhattan in New York City and overseas in Rome, Italy. In addition, the university has a Long Island Graduate Center in Hauppauge, along with academic locations in Paris and Limerick, Ireland; the university is named after Saint John the Baptist. St. John's is organized into six graduate schools. In 2016, the university had 4,647 graduate students. St. John's offers more than 100 bachelor and doctoral degree programs as well as professional certificates. St. John's University was founded in 1870, by the Vincentian Fathers of the Roman Catholic Church in response to an invitation by the first Bishop of Brooklyn, John Loughlin, to provide the underprivileged youth of the city with an intellectual and moral education.
St. John's Vincentian values stem from the ideals and works of St Vincent de Paul, the patron saint of Christian charity. Following the Vincentian tradition, the university seeks to provide an education that encourages greater involvement in social justice and service; the Vincentian Center for Church and Society, located on the university's Queens campus serves as "a clearinghouse for and developer of Vincentian information, poverty research, social justice resources, as an academic/cultural programming Center."The English translation of the Greek on the original seal of the University is "a lamp burning and shining" or "a lamp shining brightly" a reference to St. John the Baptist. St. John's University was founded as the College of St. John the Baptist at 75 Lewis Avenue, in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. Ground was broken for St. John's College Hall, the university's first building, on May 28, 1868; the cornerstone was laid on July 25, 1869. The building was opened for educational purposes on September 5, 1870.
Beginning with the law school in 1925, St. John's started founding other schools and it became a university in 1933. In April 1936, St. John's bought the Hillcrest Golf Club's 100 acres of land for about $500,000, with the intention of moving the school to the new site. Under the terms of the sale, the golf club continued to operate on the site for a few years. On February 11, 1954, St. John's broke ground on a new campus in Queens, on the former site of the Hillcrest Golf Club. During the official groundbreaking ceremony, the shovel used was the same shovel that had broken ground on the original campus in 1868; the following year, the original school of the university, St. John's College, moved from Bedford-Stuyvesant to the new campus; the high school, now St. John's Prep, took over its former buildings and moved to its present location in the Hillcrest-Jamaica sections in Queens. Over the next two decades, the other schools of the university, which were located at a separate campus at 96 Schermerhorn Street in Downtown Brooklyn, moved out to the new campus in Queens.
The last of the schools to relocate to Queens moved there in 1972, bringing an end to the Downtown Brooklyn campus of the university. In 1959, the university established a Freedom Institute to provide lectures and programs that would focus, in the words of university president Rev. John A. Flynn, focus "attention on the dangers of communism threatening free institutions here and abroad," with Arpad F. Kovacs of the St. John's history department as its director; the university hired the noted historian Paul Kwan-Tsien Sih to establish an Institute of Asian Studies in 1959, set up a Center for African Studies under the directorship of the economic geographer Hugh C. Brooks; the university received praise from Time Magazine in 1962 for being a Catholic university that accepted Jews with low household income. St. John's was the defendant in a lawsuit by Donald Scheiber for discrimination after being removed because he was Jewish; the court ruled against St. John's University in this lawsuit. Time ranked St. John's as "good−small" on a list of the nation's Catholic universities in 1962.
The St. John's University strike of 1966-1967 was a protest by faculty at the university which began on January 4, 1966, ended in June 1967; the strike began after 31 faculty members were dismissed in the fall of 1965 without due process, dismissals which some felt were a violation of the professors' academic freedom. The tension of that year was noted in Time Magazine stating, "cademically, has never ranked high among Catholic schools; the strike ended without any reinstatements, but led to the widespread unionization of public college faculty in the New York City area. In 1970 arbitrators ruled. On January 27, 1971, the New York State Board of Regents approved the consolidation of the university with the former Notre Dame College a private women's college and the Staten Island campus of St. John's University became a reality. Classes began in the fall of 1971, combining the original Notre Dame College with the former Brooklyn campus of St. John's, offering undergraduate degrees in liberal arts and education.
Houston Cougars men's basketball
The Houston Cougars men's basketball team represents the University of Houston in Houston, Texas, in the NCAA Division I men's basketball competition. The university is a member of the American Athletic Conference; the team last played in the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament in 2018 and is tied for 15th in number of Final Four appearances. Although the University of Houston had a women's basketball program, the Houston Cougars men's basketball program did not begin until the 1945–46 season. Alden Pasche was the team's first head coach. In their first two seasons, the Cougars won Lone Star Conference regular-season titles and qualified for postseason play in the NAIA Men's Basketball tournaments in 1946 and 1947; the Cougars had an all-time NAIA tournament record of 2–2 in two years. During Pasche's tenure, the Cougars posted a 135–116 record. Under his leadership in 1949, the Cougars won the Gulf Coast Conference championship. College Basketball Hall of famer coach Guy V. Lewis played for Pasche, became an assistant coach before being handed the job upon Pasche's retirement.
Pasche retired after the 1955–56 season, Houston assistant Guy Lewis was promoted to the head coaching position. Lewis, a former Cougar player, led Houston to 27 straight winning seasons and 14 seasons with 20 or more wins, including 14 trips to the NCAA Tournament, his Houston teams made the Final Four on five occasions and twice advanced to the NCAA Championship Game. Among the outstanding players who Lewis coached are Elvin Hayes, Hakeem Olajuwon, Clyde Drexler, Otis Birdsong, Dwight Jones, Don Chaney and "Sweet" Lou Dunbar. Lewis's UH teams twice played key roles in high-profile events that helped to popularize college basketball as a spectator sport. In 1968, his underdog, Elvin Hayes-led Cougars upset the undefeated and top-ranked UCLA Bruins in front of more than 50,000 fans at Houston’s Astrodome; the game became known as the “Game of the Century” and marked a watershed in the popularity of college basketball. In the early 1980s, Lewis's Phi Slama Jama teams at UH gained notoriety for their fast-breaking, "above the rim" style of play as well as their overall success.
These teams attracted great public interest with their entertaining style of play. At the height of Phi Slama Jama's notoriety, they suffered a dramatic, last-second loss in the 1983 NCAA Final that set a then-ratings record for college basketball broadcasts and became an iconic moment in the history of the sport. Lewis's insistence that these successful teams play an acrobatic, up-tempo brand of basketball that emphasized dunking brought this style of play to the fore and helped popularize it amongst younger players. Houston lost in both NCAA Final games in which Lewis coached, despite his "Phi Slama Jama" teams featuring superstars Clyde Drexler and Hakeem Olajuwon. In 1983, Houston lost in a dramatic title game to the North Carolina State Wolfpack on a last-second dunk by Lorenzo Charles; the Cougars lost in the 1984 NCAA Final to the Georgetown Hoyas. Lewis retired from coaching in 1986 at number 20 in all-time NCAA Division I victories, his 592–279 record giving him a.680 career winning percentage.
As a coach, Lewis was known for championing the once-outlawed dunk, which he characterized as a "high percentage shot", for clutching a brightly colored red-and-white polka dot towel on the bench during games. Lewis was a major force in the racial integration of college athletics in the South during the 1960s, being one of the first major college coaches in the region to recruit African-American athletes, his recruitment of Elvin Hayes and Don Chaney in 1964 ushered in an era of tremendous success in Cougar basketball. The dominant play of Hayes led the Cougars to two Final Fours and sent shock waves through Southern colleges that realized that they would have to begin recruiting black players if they wanted to compete with integrated teams. After 21 years in the Southwest Conference, the Cougars joined Conference USA in 1996. Under head coach Alvin Brooks, the basketball program had a disappointing initial season in C-USA; the team went 3–11 against C-USA teams in 1996–97. The next season was more futile.
Brooks, who had led the Cougars since 1993, coached the Cougars to a rock bottom conference record of 2–14 in 1997–98. The last, only other, time the Cougars recorded only two conference victories in a season was in 1950–51. One of Houston's biggest sports icons and one of the Cougars best basketball players Clyde Drexler was hired to coach the program that he led as a player to the 1983 NCAA Final as part of Phi Slama Jama. Basketball excitement was back on campus, fans looked forward to the promising years to come. After just two seasons with minimal success, Drexler resigned as head coach citing his intention to spend more time with his family. Ray McCallum was hired to do what Clyde Drexler could not—lead the Cougars to a winning season and earn a spot in the NCAA Tournament. After losing seasons in each of his first two years, McCallum guided the Cougars to an 18–15 record in 2001–02; that season, the team won two conference tournament games and qualified for the National Invitation Tournament.
However, the team regressed in the following season and failed to qualify for their own C-USA tournament. Tom Penders was named as the head coach of Cougars basketball in 2004. Known as "Turnaround Tom" for his reputation of inheriting sub-par basketball programs and making them better, Penders was hired to rebuild a program that recorded only one winning season in its last eight years. After a surprising debut season in 2004–05 that led to an NIT appearance, the team had high hopes to build on their relative success and make the NCAA Tournament in 2006. The
Madison Square Garden (1925)
Madison Square Garden was an indoor arena in New York City, the third bearing that name. It was built in 1925 and closed in 1968, was located on Eighth Avenue between 49th and 50th Streets in Manhattan, on the site of the city's trolley-car barns, it was on the west side of Eighth Avenue. It was the first Garden, not located near Madison Square. MSG III was the home of the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League and the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association, hosted numerous boxing matches, the Millrose Games and other events. Ground breaking on the third Madison Square Garden took place on January 9, 1925. Designed by the noted theater architect Thomas W. Lamb, it was built at the cost of $4.75 million in 249 days by boxing promoter Tex Rickard, who assembled backers he called his "600 millionaires" to fund the project. The new arena was dubbed "The House That Tex Built." In contrast to the ornate towers of Stanford White's second Garden, the exterior of MSG III was a simple box.
Its most distinctive feature was the ornate marquee above the main entrance, with its endless abbreviations Even the name of the arena was abbreviated, to "Madison Sq. Garden"; the arena, which opened on December 15, 1925, was 200 feet by 375 feet, with seating on three levels, a maximum capacity of 18,496 spectators for boxing. It had poor sight lines for hockey, fans sitting anywhere behind the first row of the side balcony could count on having some portion of the ice obstructed; the fact that there was poor ventilation and that smoking was permitted led to a haze in the upper portions of the Garden. In its history, Madison Square Garden III was managed by Rickard, John S. Hammond, William F. Carey, General John Reed Kilpatrick, Ned Irish and Irving Mitchell Felt, it was replaced by the current Madison Square Garden. Boxing was Madison Square Garden III's principal claim to fame; the first bout took place on December 1925, a week before the arena's official opening. On January 17, 1941, 23,190 people witnessed Fritzie Zivic's successful welterweight title defense against Henry Armstrong, still the largest crowd for any of the Gardens.
The New York Rangers, owned by the Garden's owner Tex Rickard, got their name from a play on words involving his name: Tex's Rangers. However, the Rangers were not the first NHL team to play at the Garden; the Rangers were founded in 1926, playing their first game in the Garden on November 16, 1926, both teams played at the Garden until the Americans suspended operations in 1942 due to World War II. In the meantime, the Rangers had usurped the Americans' commercial success with their own success on the ice, winning three Stanley Cups between 1928 and 1940; the refusal of the Garden's management to allow the resurrection of the Americans after the war was one of the popular theories underlying the Curse of 1940, which prevented the Rangers from winning the Stanley Cup again until 1994. Another alleged cause of "The Curse" stemmed from then-manager Kilpatrick burning the Garden's mortgage papers in the bowl of the Stanley Cup, as receipts from the 1940 Cup run had allowed the MSG Corporation to pay it off: hockey purists believed that the trophy had been "defiled", thus leading to the Rangers' woes.
The New York Rovers, a farm team of the Rangers played in the Garden on Sunday afternoons, while the Rangers played on Wednesday and Sunday nights. Tommy Lockhart managed the Rovers games and introduced on-ice promotions such as racing model aircraft and bicycles around the arena, figure skating acts Shipstads & Johnson Ice Follies and Sonja Henie, a skating grizzly bear; the first professional basketball game was played in the 50th Street Garden on December 6, 1925, nine days before the arena opened. It pitted the Original Celtics against the Washington Palace Five; the New York Knicks debuted there in 1946, although if there was an important college game, they played in the 69th Regiment Armory. MSG III hosted the NBA All-Star Game in 1954, 1955 and 1968. In 1931, a college basketball triple header to raise money for Mayor Jimmy Walker's Unemployment Relief Fund was successful. In 1934, Ned Irish began promoting a successful series of college basketball double headers at the Garden featuring a mix of local and national schools.
MSG III began hosting the National Invitation Tournament annually in 1938, hosted seven NCAA men's basketball championship finals between 1943 and 1950. On February 28, 1940, Madison Square Garden hosted the first televised basketball games in a Fordham-Pitt and Georgetown-NYU doubleheader. A point shaving scandal involving games played at the Garden led the NCAA to reduce its use of the Garden, caused some schools, including 1950 NCAA and NIT Champion City College of New York, to be banned from playing at the Garden. Capitol Wrestling Corporation—along with its successor, the World Wide Wrestling Federation—promoted professional wrestling at the Garden during its last two decades. Toots Mondt and Jess McMahon owned CWC, which promoted tag team wrestling. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Mondt and McMahon were successful at promoting ethnic heroes of Puerto Rican or Italian descent. Two notable events in wrestling history took place at MSG III. On May 17, 1963, Bruno Sammartino defeated "Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers, via submission, in 48 seconds, to become the second WWWF World Heavyweight Champion.
On November 19, 1957, the Dr. Jerry Graham & Dic
Portland is the largest and most populous city in the U. S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County. It is a major port in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest, at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers; as of 2017, Portland had an estimated population of 647,805, making it the 26th-largest city in the United States, the second-most populous in the Pacific Northwest. 2.4 million people live in the Portland metropolitan statistical area, making it the 25th most populous MSA in the United States. Its Combined Statistical Area ranks 18th-largest with a population of around 3.2 million. 60% of Oregon's population resides within the Portland metropolitan area. Named after Portland, the Oregon settlement began to be populated in the 1830s near the end of the Oregon Trail, its water access provided convenient transportation of goods, the timber industry was a major force in the city's early economy. At the turn of the 20th century, the city had a reputation as one of the most dangerous port cities in the world, a hub for organized crime and racketeering.
After the city's economy experienced an industrial boom during World War II, its hard-edged reputation began to dissipate. Beginning in the 1960s, Portland became noted for its growing progressive political values, earning it a reputation as a bastion of counterculture; the city operates with a commission-based government guided by a mayor and four commissioners as well as Metro, the only directly elected metropolitan planning organization in the United States. The city government is notable for its land-use investment in public transportation. Portland is recognized as one of the world's most environmentally conscious cities because of its high walkability, large community of bicyclists, farm-to-table dining, expansive network of public transportation options, over 10,000 acres of public parks, its climate is marked by cool, rainy winters. This climate is ideal for growing roses, Portland has been called the "City of Roses" for over a century. During the prehistoric period, the land that would become Portland was flooded after the collapse of glacial dams from Lake Missoula, in what would become Montana.
These massive floods occurred during the last ice age and filled the Willamette Valley with 300 to 400 feet of water. Before American pioneers began arriving in the 1800s, the land was inhabited for many centuries by two bands of indigenous Chinook people—the Multnomah and the Clackamas; the Chinook people occupying the land were first documented in 1805 by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Before its European settlement, the Portland Basin of the lower Columbia River and Willamette River valleys had been one of the most densely populated regions on the Pacific Coast. Large numbers of pioneer settlers began arriving in the Willamette Valley in the 1830s via the Oregon Trail, though life was centered in nearby Oregon City. In the early 1840s a new settlement emerged ten miles from the mouth of the Willamette River halfway between Oregon City and Fort Vancouver; this community was referred to as "Stumptown" and "The Clearing" because of the many trees cut down to allow for its growth. In 1843 William Overton saw potential in the new settlement but lacked the funds to file an official land claim.
For 25 cents, Overton agreed to share half of the 640-acre site with Asa Lovejoy of Boston. In 1845 Overton sold his remaining half of the claim to Francis W. Pettygrove of Maine. Both Pettygrove and Lovejoy wished to rename "The Clearing" after their respective hometowns; this controversy was settled with a coin toss that Pettygrove won in a series of two out of three tosses, thereby providing Portland with its namesake. The coin used for this decision, now known as the Portland Penny, is on display in the headquarters of the Oregon Historical Society. At the time of its incorporation on February 8, 1851, Portland had over 800 inhabitants, a steam sawmill, a log cabin hotel, a newspaper, the Weekly Oregonian. A major fire swept through downtown in August 1873, destroying twenty blocks on the west side of the Willamette along Yamhill and Morrison Streets, causing $1.3 million in damage. By 1879, the population had grown to 17,500 and by 1890 it had grown to 46,385. In 1888, the city built the first steel bridge built on the West Coast.
Portland's access to the Pacific Ocean via the Willamette and Columbia rivers, as well as its easy access to the agricultural Tualatin Valley via the "Great Plank Road", provided the pioneer city with an advantage over other nearby ports, it grew quickly. Portland remained the major port in the Pacific Northwest for much of the 19th century, until the 1890s, when Seattle's deepwater harbor was connected to the rest of the mainland by rail, affording an inland route without the treacherous navigation of the Columbia River; the city had its own Japantown, for one, the lumber industry became a prominent economic presence, due to the area's large population of Douglas Firs, Western Hemlocks, Red Cedars, Big Leaf Maple trees. Portland developed a reputation early in its history as a gritty port town; some historians have described the city's early establishment as being a "scion of New England. In 1889, The Oregonian called Portland "the most filthy city in the Northern States", due to the unsanitary sewers and gutters, and, at the turn of the 20th century, it was considered one of the most dangerous port cities in the world.
The city housed a large number of saloons