Edward Francis Bressoud is a retired American professional baseball player. Born in Los Angeles, he is a former shortstop in Major League Baseball who played from 1956 through 1967 for the New York and San Francisco Giants, Boston Red Sox, New York Mets and St. Louis Cardinals, he threw right-handed, stood 6 feet 1 inch tall and weighed 175 pounds. Bressoud attended the University of California, Los Angeles, he began his pro career in 1950, missed two minor league seasons in military service during the Korean War, reached the majors in 1956 with the Giants. Bressoud spent two years with the MLB club in New York City four years after its 1958 transfer to San Francisco, he was the Giants' regular shortstop in both 1959 and 1960, but hit only.251 and.225. Ousted from his regular job by rookie José Pagán in 1961, Bressoud was the first selection of the Houston Colt.45s in the 1961 expansion draft was traded to the Red Sox in exchange for their regular shortstop, Don Buddin. Bressoud played four seasons for Boston, hitting 40 doubles, nine triples, 14 home runs, 79 runs and a career-high 68 RBI in 1962, 59 extra-bases in 1963, including a career-high 20 home runs and four two-HR games.
In 1964 he posted career-numbers in batting average, hits and doubles, represented the Red Sox in the All-Star Game. After that, he played for the New York Mets and ended his major league career with the 1967 world champion Cardinals. In the 1967 World Series — against Bressoud's former team, the Red Sox — he appeared in Games 2 and 5 as a late-inning replacement for light-hitting Cardinal shortstop Dal Maxvill, but did not record a plate appearance. In a 12-season career, Bressoud was a.252 hitter with 925 his, 94 home runs and 365 RBI in 1,186 games. Following his playing retirement he scouted for the California Angels. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference Retrosheet Top Performances
In most North American sports, the phrase games behind or games back is a common way to reflect the gap between a leading team and another team in a sports league, conference, or division. In the below standings from the 1994 Major League Baseball season, the Atlanta Braves are six games behind the Montreal Expos. Atlanta would have to win six games, Montreal would have to lose six games, to tie for first; the leading team is always zero games behind itself, this is indicated in standings by a dash rather than a zero. Games behind is calculated by using either of the following formulas, in which Team A is a leading team, Team B is a trailing team. Example math in this section uses the above standings, with Montreal as Team A and Atlanta as Team B. Games Behind = − 2 Games Behind = − 2 = 34 – 22 2 = 12 2 = 6 Alternately: Games Behind = + 2 Games Behind = + 2 = 6 + 6 2 = 12 2 = 6 Notes: It can alternately be said that Montreal is six games ahead of Atlanta. A games behind situation can change when two teams contesting for the lead play each other.
For example, Atlanta could cut Montreal's lead in half by sweeping a three-game head-to-head series. The leading team, in terms of games behind, is the team with the best won–loss difference; this is not always the team with the most wins. For example, a team with an 80–70 record would be one game behind a team with a 79–67 record; the formulas implicitly treat any difference in the number of games played by the two teams as each unplayed game being "worth" 0.5 wins and 0.5 losses. This can lead to anomalies when teams have played an unequal number of games during the early portion of a season. Two teams with different winning percentages may be tied in terms of games behind. For example, Team A at 6–4 would be tied with Team B at 4–2, in terms of games behind. However, Team B has the better winning percentage, at.667 compared to.600 for Team A. A team with a lower winning percentage may lead a team with a higher winning percentage. For example, Team A at 6 -- 4 would lead Team B at 2 -- 1 by a half-game.
However, Team B has the better winning percentage at.667, compared to.600 for Team A. An example of this occurred in May 2018, when the New York Yankees were 28–13 and the Boston Red Sox were 30–14; the games behind calculation had New York a half-game behind Boston. On December 28, 2018, in the National Basketball Association, the 24–10 Milwaukee Bucks were a half-game behind the 26–11 Toronto Raptors, yet the Bucks were ranked first in the Eastern Conference, their.706 win percentage superior to the Raptors’.703. Leagues use winning percentage to order teams, so in both of the above examples Team B would be considered to be in first place; the games behind calculation is used in professional baseball and basketball, where tie games are not permitted. Standings for these sports appearing in print or online during a season will have teams ordered by winning percentages, with a "GB" column provided as a convenience to the reader. Games behind is used less in American football, where ties are possible but uncommon.
Games behind is used in ice hockey and soccer, where ties are common and standings points are used. Major League Baseball defines games behind as "the average of the differences between the leading team wins and the trailing team wins, the leading teams losses and the trailing team losses." A games behind column always appears in MLB standings for each five-team division. In the 1994 MLB season, the American League and National League each split into three divisions, each added a wild card team to the playoffs. Following this change, it became common for the media to publish an additional set of standings for the wild card race, it included all teams from a league, with the exception of the division leaders, games behind was calculated with respect to the team with the highest standing in the wild card race. In the 2012 MLB season, both leagues add a second wild card team. Now, games behind in the wild card race is calculated with respect to the team with second highest standing in the wild card race.
MLB's website distinguishes this statistic as wild card gam
Thomas Frank Haller was an American professional baseball player and executive. He played as a catcher in Major League Baseball from 1961 through 1972 for the San Francisco Giants, Los Angeles Dodgers and Detroit Tigers. In the late 1960s, Haller was considered one of the top catchers in the National League. Haller was born in Lockport and attended the University of Illinois, where he played as a quarterback for the Illinois Fighting Illini football team. During his time at the university, Haller was a member of Theta Chi fraternity. Haller was signed by the San Francisco Giants as an amateur free agent in 1958. After playing in the minor leagues for three seasons, he made his major league debut with the Giants on April 11, 1961 at the age of 24. Haller hit.261 with 18 home runs and 55 RBIs for the Giants in 1962, in a platoon system alongside Ed Bailey. Haller and Bailey combined to give the Giants 35 home runs and 100 runs batted in from the catcher's position as they battled the Los Angeles Dodgers in a tight pennant race.
The two teams ended the season tied for first place and met in the 1962 National League tie-breaker series. The Giants won the three-game series to clinch the National League championship; the Giants lost to the New York Yankees in the 1962 World Series in seven games. Haller collected four hits in three runs batted in during the Series. Haller continued in a platoon role alongside Bailey through the 1963 season, finishing the year second to Johnny Edwards among National League catchers in fielding percentage. In December 1963, the Giants traded Bailey to the Milwaukee Braves for veteran catcher Del Crandall, Haller became their undisputed starting catcher, he was a solid defensive catcher for the Giants from 1964 to 1967. In his book, The Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract, baseball historian Bill James said the decision to give Joe Torre a 1965 National League Gold Glove Award was absurd, stating that he was given the award because of his offensive statistics and that either Haller or John Roseboro was more deserving of the award.
Haller helped offensively in 1965, hitting two home runs and driving in five runs during a game on September 27 to put the Giants in first place with one week left in the season. However, the Giants ended the season two games behind the Los Angeles Dodgers; the following season, Haller earned his first All-Star berth when he was named as a reserve player for the National League team in the 1966 All-Star Game. He was the catcher for two twenty-game winners in 1966, as Juan Marichal won 25 games and Gaylord Perry won 21 games. Haller finished the season with career-highs of 27 home runs and 67 runs batted in, as the Giants once again finished second to the Dodgers by a game and a half, he earned his second consecutive All-Star berth in 1967 when he was named as a reserve for the National League team in the 1967 All-Star Game. Haller ended the 1967 season second to Tim McCarver among the league's catchers in assists and in fielding percentage, guided the Giants' pitching staff to the lowest team earned run average in the National League, as Giants pitcher, Mike McCormick, won the National League Cy Young Award with a 22-10 record.
The Giants finished in second place for a third consecutive season, this time to the St. Louis Cardinals. In February 1968, the Giants were in need of good infielders, with four young catching prospects including Dick Dietz and Dave Rader, club president Chub Feeney decided to trade Haller along with a player to be named to the Los Angeles Dodgers for infielders Ron Hunt and Nate Oliver; the trade was the first between the two teams since their move to the West Coast in 1958, the first since the one that would have sent Jackie Robinson from the Dodgers to the Giants after the 1956 season. Haller played well in 1968, posting a.285 batting average in 144 games and earned his third consecutive All-Star berth. He played well defensively with career-highs in assists and in double plays, he guided the Dodgers' pitching staff to the second best team earned run average in the league, although the team finished the season in seventh place. After spending four seasons with the Dodgers, Haller was traded to the Detroit Tigers in December 1971.
He batted.207 with two home runs and 12 runs batted in during the 1972 season as a backup catcher for Bill Freehan, when the Tigers won the American League Eastern Division championship. Haller was the younger brother of American League umpire Bill Haller and in July 1972, the two men appeared in the same game with Tom catching for the Tigers while Bill stood behind him as the home plate umpire, his playing time was reduced. In the 1972 American League Championship Series against the Oakland Athletics, Haller made only one appearance as a pinch hitter in Game 2, as the Tigers lost the series in five games. In October 1972, the Tigers sold Haller to the Philadelphia Phillies along with pitcher Don Leshnock. Haller made the decision to retire at the age of 35. In a twelve-year major league career, Haller played in 1,294 games, accumulating 1,011 hits in 3,935 at bats for a.257 career batting average along with 134 home runs, 504 runs batted in and an on-base percentage of.340. A three-time All-Star, he was a capable defensive catcher, ending his career with a respectable.992 fielding percentage which at the time of his retirement, was second only to the.993 career record of Elston Howard.
Haller led National League catchers in putouts in 1965, in baserunners caught stealing in 1968. He set the National League single-season record for double plays by a catcher with 23 in 1968, he led the National League in sacrifice flies in 1968 with 9. Haller caught for six pitchers who wou
Juan Antonio Marichal Sánchez is a Dominican former professional baseball player. He played as a right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball, most notably for the San Francisco Giants. Marichal was known for his high leg kick, pinpoint control and intimidation tactics, which included aiming pitches directly at the opposing batters' helmets. Marichal played for the Boston Red Sox and Los Angeles Dodgers for the final two seasons of his career. Although he won more games than any other pitcher during the 1960s, he appeared in only one World Series game and he was overshadowed by his contemporaries Sandy Koufax and Bob Gibson in post-season awards. Marichal was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1983. Juan Marichal was born on October 20, 1937, in the small farming village of Laguna Verde, Dominican Republic, the youngest of Francisco and Natividad Marichal's four children, he has two brothers and Rafael, a sister, Maria. His father died of an unknown illness, his house did not have electricity.
As a child, Marichal worked on the farm daily and was responsible for taking care of his family's horses and goats. He lived near the Yaque del Norte River and spent time swimming and fishing. One day while Marichal was playing by the river, he fell unconscious owing to poor digestion and was in a coma for nine days. Doctors did not expect him to survive, but he regained consciousness after his family gave him steam baths by doctor's orders, his older brother Gonzalo instilled a love of baseball in young Marichal and taught him the fundamentals of pitching and batting. Every weekend, Marichal played the sport with his brother and friends. For their games, they found golf balls and paid the local shoemaker one peso to sew thick cloth around the ball to make it the proper size, they employed branches from a wassama tree for bats and canvas tarps for gloves. Among his childhood playmates were the Alou brothers, Jesús, Matty, who all played with Marichal on the San Francisco Giants. From the age of six, Marichal aspired to become a professional baseball player, but his mother discouraged this, instead urging him to get an education.
At the time, there were no players from the Dominican Republic in Major League Baseball, his goal was viewed to be unrealistic. At age 11, he held a job cutting sugar cane for the J. W. Tatem Shipping conglomerate. In 1954, sixteen-year-old Marichal joined a summer league in Monte Cristi, playing for a team called Las Flores. Although he began at shortstop, Marichal switched to pitcher after taking inspiration from Bombo Ramos of the Dominican national team, he left high school after being recruited to play for the United Fruit Company team in 1956. Marichal's delivery was renowned for one of the fullest windups in modern baseball, with a high kick of his left leg that went nearly vertical. Marichal maintained this delivery his entire career, photographs taken near his retirement show the vertical kick only diminished; the windup was the key to his delivery in that he was able to conceal the type of pitch until it was on its way. Marichal was discovered by Ramfis Trujillo, the son of late Dominican dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo.
Ramfis was the primary sponsor of the Dominican Air Force Baseball Team, against which Marichal pitched a 2–1 victory game in his native Monte Cristi. From the moment the game ended, Marichal was a member of Aviación Dominicana team, enlisted to the Air Force right on the spot by Ramfis's orders. Marichal entered the major leagues on July 19, 1960 with the San Francisco Giants as the second native pitcher to come from the Dominican Republic, he made an immediate impression: in his debut, on July 19, 1960 against the Philadelphia Phillies, he took a no hitter into the eighth inning only to surrender a two-out single to Clay Dalrymple. He ended up with a one-hit shutout, walking one and striking out 12, he started 10 more games that season, finishing at 6–2 with a 2.66 ERA. He improved his victory totals to 13 and 18 over the following two seasons before cracking the 20-victory plateau in 1963, when he went 25–8 with 248 strikeouts and a 2.41 ERA. He appeared in every All-Star game of the 1960s beginning in 1962.
In May 1966, he was named NL Player of the Month with a 6-0 record, a 0.97 ERA, 42 SO. On July 14, 1967, he surrendered the 500th Home Run of Eddie Mathews' career. Marichal enjoyed similar success through the 1969 season, posting more than 20 victories in every season except 1967, never posting an ERA higher than 2.76. He led the league in victories in 1968 when he won 26 games. In 1968, he finished in the highest rank of his career in MVP voting, finishing fifth behind Bob Gibson, Pete Rose, Willie McCovey, Curt Flood, he and Sandy Koufax were the only two Major League pitchers in the post-war era to have more than one season of 25 or more wins. Marichal won more games during the decade of the 1960s than any other major league pitcher, but did not receive any votes for the Cy Young Award until 1970, when baseball writers started voting for the top three pitchers in each league rather than one per league. Marichal finished in the top 10 in ERA seven consecutive years, starting in 1963 and culminating in 1969, in which year he led the league.
During his career, he finished in the top 10 in strikeouts six times, top 10 in innings pitched eight times, top 10 in complete games 10 times, with a career total of 244. He led the league twic
Sam Jones (baseball)
Samuel "Toothpick" Jones was an American Major League Baseball pitcher with the Cleveland Indians, Chicago Cubs, St. Louis Cardinals, San Francisco Giants, Detroit Tigers and the Baltimore Orioles between 1951 and 1964, he threw right-handed. Born in Stewartsville, Jones played for several Negro League teams, including the Orlando All-Stars in 1946. In 1948-49 he played in Panama, with the end of the Negro National League, played semi-pro ball until he was signed by the Indians organization in the fall of 1949, playing Class A ball in the season and winter ball for Panama in 1949-50. Jones began his major league career with the Cleveland Indians in 1951; when he entered a game on May 3, 1952, 39-year-old rookie Quincy Trouppe, a Negro League veteran, was behind the plate. Together they formed the first black battery in American League history. Both Sam Jones and Quincy Trouppe played for the Cleveland Buckeyes in the Negro American League. After the 1954 season, the Tribe traded him to the Chicago Cubs for two players to be named one of, slugger Ralph Kiner.
In 1956, the Cubs traded him to the St. Louis Cardinals in a multi-player deal, he was picked 25th by the expansion Houston Colt.45s in the 1961 expansion draft traded to the Detroit Tigers for Bob Bruce and Manny Montejo. He played 1964 with the Baltimore Orioles, he spent the final three years of his pro career as a relief pitcher with the Columbus Jets of the International League before retiring at the end of the 1967 season. During his career, Jones was known for his sweeping curveball, in addition to a fastball and changeup. Stan Musial once remarked, "Sam had the best curveball I saw... He was quick and fast and that curve was terrific, so big it was like a change of pace. I've seen guys fall down on curves that became strikes." During his career, Jones led the National League in strikeouts, walks, three times: in 1955, 1956, 1958. On May 12 of the former of these three seasons, he no-hit the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-0 at Wrigley Field, becoming the first African American in Major League history to pitch a no-hitter.
He achieved this no-hitter in the hardest way: after walking Gene Freese, Preston Ward and Tom Saffell to begin the ninth inning, he left the bases loaded by striking out Dick Groat, Roberto Clemente and Frank Thomas in succession. His greatest year came with the Giants in 1959, when he led the league in both wins with 21 and ERA with 2.83. He was named 1959 National League Pitcher of the Year by The Sporting News, but finished a distant second to Early Wynn of the Chicago White Sox for the Cy Young Award, he was named to the NL All-Star team twice, in 1955 and 1959. Jones died from a recurrence of neck cancer first diagnosed in 1962, in Morgantown, West Virginia at the age of 45. SABR Biography Project Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube
Willie Howard Mays, Jr. nicknamed "The Say Hey Kid", is an American former Major League Baseball center fielder who spent all of his 22-season career playing for the New York/San Francisco Giants, before finishing with the New York Mets. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1979. Mays won two National League Most Valuable Player awards, he ended his career with 660 home runs—third at the time of his retirement and fifth all-time—and won a record-tying 12 Gold Glove awards beginning in 1957, when the award was introduced. Mays shares the record of most All-Star Games played with Hank Aaron and Stan Musial. In appreciation of his All-Star record, Ted Williams said "They invented the All-Star Game for Willie Mays."Mays' career statistics and his longevity in the pre-performance-enhancing drugs era have drawn speculation that he may be the finest five-tool player and many surveys and expert analyses, which have examined Mays' relative performance, have led to a growing opinion that Mays was the greatest all-around offensive baseball player of all time.
In 1999, Mays placed second on The Sporting News's "List of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players", making him the highest-ranking living player. That year, he was elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. Mays is one of five National League players to have had eight consecutive 100-RBI seasons, along with Mel Ott, Sammy Sosa, Chipper Jones, Albert Pujols. Mays hit over 50 home runs in 1955 and 1965, representing the longest time span between 50-plus home run seasons for any player in Major League Baseball history, his final Major League Baseball appearance came on October 16 during Game 3 of the 1973 World Series. Mays was born in 1931 in Westfield, Alabama, a former black settlement near Fairfield, his father, Cat Mays, was a talented baseball player with the Negro team for the local iron plant. His mother, Annie Satterwhite, was a gifted track star in high school, his parents never married. As a baby, Mays was cared for by his mother's younger sisters Ernestine. Sarah became the primary female role model in Mays' life.
At age 3 Mays' parents separated. Though his mother remarried, his father took in a set of older orphan girls to help with raising young Willie. Mays always saw these two as his aunts, his father exposed him to baseball at an early age, by the age of five he was playing catch with his father. At age 10, Mays was allowed to sit on the bench of his father's League games. Mays played multiple sports at Fairfield Industrial High School, averaging a then-record 17 points a game in basketball and more than 40 yards a punt in football, while playing quarterback. Mays graduated from Fairfield in 1950. Mays' professional baseball career began in 1947. A short time Mays left the Choo-Choos and returned to his home state to join the Birmingham Black Barons of the Negro American League. Mays helped them win the pennant and advance to the 1948 Negro League World Series, where they lost the series 4-1 to the Homestead Grays. Mays hit a respectable.262 for the season, but it was his excellent fielding and baserunning that made him a standout.
By playing professionally with the Black Barons, Mays jeopardized his opportunities to play high school sports in Alabama. This created some problems for him with high school administrators at Fairfield, who wanted him to help the teams and ticket sales. Over the next several years, a number of major league baseball franchises sent scouts to watch him play; the first was the Boston Braves. The scout who discovered him, Bud Maughn, had been following him for over a year and referred him to the Braves, who packaged a deal that called for $7,500 down and $7,500 in 30 days, they planned to give Mays $6,000. The obstacle in the deal was that Tom Hayes, owner of the Birmingham Black Barons, wanted to keep Mays for the balance of the season. Had the team been able to act more the Braves franchise might have had both Mays and Hank Aaron in their outfield from 1954 to 1973; the Brooklyn Dodgers scouted him and wanted Ray Blades to negotiate a deal, but were too late. The New York Giants had signed Mays for $4,000 and assigned him to their Class-B affiliate in Trenton, New Jersey.
After Mays batted.353 in Trenton, he began the 1951 season with the class AAA Minneapolis Millers of the American Association. During his short time span in Minneapolis, Mays played with two other future Hall of Famers: Hoyt Wilhelm and Ray Dandridge. Batting.477 in 35 games and playing excellent defense, Mays was called up to the Giants on May 24, 1951. Mays was at a movie theater in Iowa when he found out he was being called up. A message flashed up on the screen that said: "WILLIE MAYS CALL YOUR HOTEL." He appeared in his first major league game the next day in Philadelphia. Mays moved to Harlem, New York, where his mentor was a New York State Boxing Commission official and former Harlem Rens basketball legend "Strangler" Frank Forbes. Mays began his major league career with no hits in his first 12 at bats. On his 13th at-bat, however, he hit a towering home run over the left field roof of the Polo Grounds off of future Hall of Famer Warren Spahn. Spahn joked, "I'll never forgive myself. We might have gotten rid of Willie forever if I'd only struck him out."
Mays's batting average improved throughout the rest of the season. Although his.274 average, 68 RBI and 20 homers were among the lowest of his career, he still won the 1951 Rookie of the Year Award. During the Giants' comeback in August and September 1951 to tie the Dodgers in the pennant race, Mays'
Alvin Ralph Dark, nicknamed "Blackie" and "The Swamp Fox", was an American Major League Baseball shortstop and manager. He played fourteen years for five National League teams from 1946 through 1960. Dark was named the major leagues' 1948 Rookie of the Year after batting.322 for the Boston Braves. Dark was an All-Star for three seasons, he hit.300 or more three times while playing for the New York Giants, became the first NL shortstop to hit 20 home runs more than once. His.411 career slugging average was the seventh highest by an NL shortstop at his retirement, his 126 home runs placed him behind only Ernie Banks and Travis Jackson. After leading the NL in putouts and double plays three times each, he ended his career with the seventh most double plays and tenth highest fielding percentage in league history, he went on to become the third manager to win pennant championships managing both National and American League teams. Dark was born in Oklahoma, he was raised in Louisiana. Dark studied at Louisiana State University where he was a brother of Phi Delta Theta and at the Southwestern Louisiana Institute, now named the University of Louisiana at Lafayette, where he completed his bachelor's degree in 1947.
Dark was a football standout there as well as a baseball player. During World War II, he transferred through the V-12 program to the University of Louisiana at Lafayette in Lafayette, where he again showed his baseball skills, batting.461 in 1944. His football skills were evident there as well as he quarterbacked SLI to an undefeated season in 1943 and a New Year's Day victory in the Oil Bowl; this led to his getting drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles in the 1945 NFL Draft. After serving in Asia during the war, however, he chose baseball, he was named the MLB Rookie of the Year and finished third in the MVP voting in 1948 after playing a vital part of the Boston Braves' unlikely run to the pennant, their first since 1914, though he hit only.167 in the World Series loss to the Cleveland Indians. He was traded after the 1949 season. Dark was named team captain by manager Leo Durocher, had several great seasons in New York. In 1951 he batted.303 with 114 runs and a league-leading 41 doubles as the Giants won their first pennant since 1937.
He followed up with seasons hitting.301 and.300 in 1952-53, scoring 126 runs with 23 home runs and 41 doubles in the latter season. In 1954 he batted.293 with 20 home runs and was fifth in the MVP voting as the Giants won another pennant. He was the NL's starting shortstop for the All-Star game in 1951, 1952 and 1954. In 1955 he was awarded the first Lou Gehrig Memorial Award, given to the player who best exemplified Gehrig's character and integrity both on and off the field. In June 1956 he was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals in a nine-player deal, he was traded to the Chicago Cubs in May 1958, batting.295 over the remainder of the season and.264 in 1959. Dark had a role in one of baseball history's weirdest plays, it took place during a game played on June 30, 1959, between the St. Louis Cardinals and Chicago Cubs. Stan Musial was at the plate, with a count of 3-1. Bob Anderson's next pitch was errant, evading catcher Sammy Taylor and rolling all the way to the backstop. Umpire Vic Delmore called ball four, but Anderson and Taylor contended that Musial foul tipped the ball.
Because the ball was still in play, because Delmore was embroiled in an argument with the catcher and pitcher, Musial took it upon himself to try for second base. Seeing that Musial was trying for second, Dark ran to the backstop to retrieve the ball; the ball wound up in the hands of field announcer Pat Pieper, but Dark ended up getting it back anyway. Absentmindedly, Delmore pulled out a new ball and gave it to Taylor. Anderson noticed that Musial was trying for second, took the new ball, threw it to second baseman Tony Taylor. Anderson's throw flew over Tony Taylor's head into the outfield. Dark, at the same time that Anderson threw the new ball, threw the original ball to shortstop Ernie Banks. Musial, did not see Dark's throw and only noticed Anderson's ball fly over the second baseman's head, so he tried to go to third base. On his way there, he was tagged by Banks, after a delay he was ruled out. In January 1960 he was traded with two other players to the Philadelphia Phillies in exchange for Richie Ashburn.
On October 31 of that year, he was traded back to the Giants, who wanted him as their new manager rather than as a player. Dark retired with a.289 career batting average, 2089 hits, 1064 runs and 757 runs batted in over 1,828 games played. According to baseball writer Bill James, he may have lost a Hall of Fame career due to his debut being delayed by his military service during World War II. In a 1969 poll, Giants fans selected Dark as the greatest shortstop in team history. Dark became a successful manager, winning a pennant with the Giants in 1962, but losing the 1962 World Series in