|1962 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2715|
|Balinese saka calendar||1883–1884|
|British Regnal year||10 Eliz. 2 – 11 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||辛丑年 (Metal Ox)|
4658 or 4598
— to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
4659 or 4599
|- Vikram Samvat||2018–2019|
|- Shaka Samvat||1883–1884|
|- Kali Yuga||5062–5063|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 37|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 51|
|Thai solar calendar||2505|
2088 or 1707 or 935
— to —
2089 or 1708 or 936
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1962.|
1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1962nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 962nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1960s decade.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January – Stena Line established as a ferry operator by Sten A. Olsson in Gothenburg, Sweden.
- January 1
- Western Samoa became independent from New Zealand.
- The United States Navy SEALs, elite special forces, are activated.Navy Seal 1 is commissioned in the Pacific Fleet and SEAL Team Two in the Atlantic Fleet.
- The Beatles audition for Decca Records but are rejected.
- NBC introduces the "Laramie peacock" before a midnight showing of the series Laramie in the United States.
- January 2 – NAACP Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins praises U.S. President John F. Kennedy's "personal role" in advancing civil rights.
- January 3 – Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro.
- January 4 – New York City introduces a subway train that operates without a crew on board.
- January 8 – Harmelen train disaster: 93 die in the worst Dutch rail disaster.
- January 9 – Cuba and the Soviet Union sign a trade pact.
- January 10 – An avalanche on Nevado Huascarán in Peru causes 4,000 deaths.
- January 12 – The Indonesian Army confirms that it has begun operations in West Irian.
- January 13 – Albania allies itself with the People's Republic of China.
- January 15 – Portugal abandons the U.N. General Assembly due to the debate over Angola.
- January 16 – A military coup occurs in the Dominican Republic.
- January 19 – A counter-coup occurs in the Dominican Republic; the old government returns except for the new president Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly.
- January 22 – The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership. The suspension is lifted in 2009 (47 years later).
- January 24
- January 26 – Ranger 3 is launched to study the Moon; it later misses the Moon by 22,000 mi (35,000 km).
- January 27 – The Soviet government changes all place names honoring Molotov, Kaganovich and Georgy Malenkov.
- January 30 – Two of the high-wire "Flying Wallendas" are killed, when their famous seven-person pyramid collapses during a performance in Detroit.
- February 3 – The United States embargo against Cuba is announced.
- February 4 – The Sunday Times in the United Kingdom became the first paper to print a colour supplement.
- February 4–February 5 – During a new moon and solar eclipse, an extremely rare grand conjunction of the classical planets occurs (it includes all five of the naked-eye planets plus the Sun and Moon), all of them within 16° of one another on the ecliptic. A total solar eclipse was visible in Asia, Australia and the Pacific Ocean, and was the 49th solar eclipse of Solar Saros 130.
- February 5 – French President Charles de Gaulle calls for Algeria to be granted independence.
- February 6 – Negotiations between U.S. Steel and the United States Department of Commerce begin.
- February 7
- February 9 – The Taiwan Stock Exchange Corporation opens.
- February 10 – Captured American spy pilot Francis Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel in Berlin.
- February 11 – The inaugural 24 Hours of Daytona sports car endurance race is run as a 3-hour event at Daytona Beach, Florida.
- February 12 – Six members of the Committee of 100 of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in the U.K. are found guilty of a breach of the Official Secrets Act.
- February 14 – First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy takes television viewers on a tour of the White House.
- February 15 – Urho Kekkonen is re-elected president of Finland.
- February 16 – Heavy storms flood Germany's North Sea coast, mainly around Hamburg; more than 300 people die and thousands lose their homes.
- February 18 – 1962 NHRA Winternationals: Carol Cox becomes the first woman allowed to race at a National Hot Rod Association national event; she wins in the Super Stock class
- February 20 – Project Mercury: While aboard Friendship 7, John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth, three times in 4 hours, 55 minutes.
- February 21 – Margot Fonteyn and Rudolf Nureyev first dance together in a Royal Ballet performance of Giselle in London.
- March 1
- American Airlines Flight 1 (a Boeing 707) crashes on takeoff at New York International Airport, after a rudder malfunction causes an uncontrolled roll, resulting in the loss of control of the aircraft, with the loss of all 95 on board.
- The S. S. Kresge Company opens its first Kmart discount store in Garden City, Michigan.
- March 2
- March 7 – Ash Wednesday Storm: A snow storm batters the Mid-Atlantic.
- March 8–12 – In Geneva, France and the Algerian FLN begin negotiations.
- March 15 – Katangan Prime Minister Moise Tshombe begins negotiations to rejoin the Congo.
- March 16 – Flying Tiger Line Flight 739, a Lockheed L-1049H Super Constellation chartered by the United States Military Air Transport Service and carrying mainly United States Army personnel bound for South Vietnam, vanishes over the western Pacific Ocean with the loss of all 107 on board. No wreckage or bodies are ever found.
- March 18
- March 19
- March 21 – Taco Bell fast food restaurant chain is founded by Glen Bell in Downey, California.
- March 23 – The Scandinavian States of the Nordic Council sign the Helsinki Convention on Nordic Co-operation.
- March 24 – OAS leader Edmond Jouhaud is arrested in Oran.
- March 26
- April 3 – Jawaharlal Nehru is elected de facto Prime Minister of India.
- April 4 – James Hanratty is hanged in Bedford Gaol (England) for the A6 murder; many believe he was innocent.
- April 6
- Belgium reestablishes diplomatic relations with the Congo.
- New York Philharmonic concert of April 6, 1962: Leonard Bernstein causes controversy with his remarks before a concert featuring Glenn Gould with the New York Philharmonic, when he (Bernstein) announces that although he disagrees with Gould's style of playing Brahms' Piano Concerto No. 1, he finds Gould's ideas fascinating and will conduct the piece anyway. Bernstein's action receives a withering review from The New York Times music critic Harold C. Schonberg.
- April 7 – Milovan Đilas, author and former vice-president of Yugoslavia is re-arrested.
- April 8 – In France, the Évian Accords are adopted in a referendum with a majority of 90%.
- April 9 – The 34th Academy Awards ceremony is held; West Side Story wins Best Picture.
- April 10 – In Los Angeles, the first MLB baseball game is played at Dodger Stadium.
- April 13 – OAS leader Edmond Jouhaud is sentenced to death in France.
- April 14 – A Cuban military tribunal convicts 1,179 Bay of Pigs attackers.
- April 18 – The Commonwealth Immigration Bill in the United Kingdom removes free immigration from the citizens of member states of the Commonwealth of Nations.
- April 20 – OAS leader Raoul Salan is arrested in Algiers.
- April 21 – The Century 21 Exposition World's Fair opens in Seattle.
- April 26 – The Ranger 4 spacecraft crashes into the Moon.
- May – Larry Allen Abshier defects to North Korea becoming the first of six (possibly seven) American defectors to the country.
- May 1
- May 2
- May 3 – Mikawashima train crash: 160 die in a triple-train disaster near Tokyo.
- May 5 – Twelve East Germans escape via a tunnel under the Berlin Wall.
- May 6
- May 14
- May 22 – Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashes near Unionville, Missouri, after the in-flight detonation of a bomb near the rear lavatory. All 45 passengers and crew aboard are killed.
- May 23
- May 24 – Project Mercury: Scott Carpenter orbits the Earth 3 times in the Aurora 7 space capsule.
- May 25 – The new Coventry Cathedral is consecrated in England.
- May 26 – Acker Bilk's "Stranger on the Shore" becomes the first British recording to reach number one in the US Billboard Hot 100.
- May 27 – The Centralia mine fire is ignited in Pennsylvania.
- May 29 – Negotiations between the OAS and the FLA lead to a real armistice in Algeria.
- May 30 – The beginning of the 1962 FIFA World Cup in Chile.
- May 31 – Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann is hanged at a prison in Ramla, Israel. His body is cremated and his ashes scattered over the Mediterranean.
- June – Rachel Carson's Silent Spring begins serialization in The New Yorker; it is released as a book on September 27 in the U.S., giving rise to the modern environmentalist movement.
- June 3 – Air France Flight 007 (a Boeing 707) crashes on take-off at Orly Airport in Paris; 130 of 132 people on board are killed, 2 flight attendants survive. Most victims are cultural and civic leaders of Atlanta.
- June 6 – President John F. Kennedy gives the commencement address at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.
- June 11
- June 15 – Students for a Democratic Society in the United States complete the Port Huron Statement.
- June 17
- June 22 – Air France Flight 117 (a Boeing 707 jet) crashes into terrain during bad weather in Guadeloupe, West Indies, killing all 113 on board, the airline's second fatal accident in just 3 weeks, and the third fatal 707 crash of the year.
- June 25
- Engel v. Vitale: The United States Supreme Court rules that mandatory prayers in public schools are unconstitutional.
- MANual Enterprises v. Day: The United States Supreme Court rules that photographs of nude men are not obscene, decriminalizing nude male pornographic magazines.
- İsmet İnönü of CHP forms the new government of Turkey (27th government, coalition partners; YTP and CKMP)
- June 26 – A 2-day steel strike begins in Italy in support of increased wages and a five-day working week.
- June 28 – The United Lutheran Church in America, Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church of America, American Evangelical Lutheran Church and Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church merge to form the Lutheran Church in America.
- June 30 – The last soldiers of the French Foreign Legion leave Algeria.
- July 1
- July 2
- July 5 – Algeria becomes independent from France.
- July 6 – Gay Byrne presents the first edition of The Late Late Show on RTÉ in the Republic of Ireland. Byrne goes on to present the show for 37 years, the longest period through which any individual hosts a televised talk show anywhere in the world, and the show itself becomes the world's second longest-running talk show.
- July 9 – American artist Andy Warhol premieres his Campbell's Soup Cans exhibit in Los Angeles.
- July 10 – AT&T's Telstar, the world's first commercial communications satellite, is launched into orbit and activated the next day.
- July 12 – The Rolling Stones make their debut at London's Marquee Club, opening for Long John Baldry.
- July 13 – In what the press dubs "the Night of the Long Knives", United Kingdom Prime Minister Harold Macmillan dismisses one-third of his Cabinet.
- July 14 – Norma Nolan of Argentina will crown Miss Universe 1962.
- July 17 – Nuclear testing: The "Small Boy" test shot Little Feller I became the last atmospheric test detonation at the Nevada Test Site.
- July 19 – The first annual Swiss & Wielder Hoop and Stick Tournament is held.
- July 20 – France and Tunisia reestablish diplomatic relations.
- July 22 – Mariner program: The Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
- July 23 – Telstar relays the first live trans-Atlantic television signal.
- July 25
- July 31
- Algeria proclaims independence; Ahmed Ben Bella is the first President.
- A crowd assaults the rally of Sir Oswald Mosley's right-wing Union Movement in London.
- An annular solar eclipse was visible in South America, the Atlantic Ocean, Africa and the Indian Ocean, and was the 36th solar eclipse of Solar Saros 135.
- August 5
- Death of Marilyn Monroe: Marilyn Monroe is found dead from an overdose of sleeping pills and chloral hydrate at her home in Brentwood, Los Angeles; officially ruled a "probable suicide" (the exact cause has been disputed).
- Nelson Mandela is arrested by the South African government near Howick and charged with incitement to rebellion.
- August 6 – Jamaica becomes independent.
- August 15 – The New York Agreement is signed, trading the West New Guinea colony to Indonesia.
- August 16 – Algeria joins the Arab League.
- August 17 – East German border guards kill 18-year-old Peter Fechter as he attempts to cross the Berlin Wall into West Berlin.
- August 22 – A assassination attempt is made against French President Charles de Gaulle.
- August 24 – A group of armed Cuban exile terrorists fire at a hotel in Havana from a speedboat.
- August 27 – NASA launches the Mariner 2 space probe.
- August 31 – Trinidad and Tobago becomes independent.
- September 1
- A referendum in Singapore supports the Malayan Federation.
- Typhoon Wanda strikes Hong Kong, killing at least 130 and injuring more than 600.
- September 2 – The Soviet Union agrees to send arms to Cuba.
- September 8 – Newly independent Algeria, by referendum, adopts a constitution.
- September 12 – President John F. Kennedy, at a speech at Rice University, reaffirms that the U.S. will put a man on the moon by the end of the decade.
- September 19 – Atlantic College opens its doors for the first time in Wales, marking the birth of the pioneering United World College educational movement.
- September 21 – A border conflict between China and India erupts into fighting.
- September 22 – 21-year-old Bob Dylan premieres one of his most preeminent songs, "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall", in the U.S.
- September 23 – The animated sitcom The Jetsons premieres on ABC in the U.S.
- September 25 – Sonny Liston knocks out Floyd Patterson two minutes into the first round of his fight for the boxing world title in Chicago.
- September 26 – North Yemen Civil War erupts.
- September 27 – A flash flood in Barcelona, Spain, kills more than 440 people.
- September 29 – The Canadian Alouette 1, the first satellite built outside the United States and the Soviet Union, is launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.
- September 30 – CBS broadcasts the final episodes of Suspense and Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar, marking the end of the Golden Age of Radio in the United States.
- October 1
- The first black student, James Meredith, registers at the University of Mississippi, escorted by Federal Marshals.
- Johnny Carson takes over as permanent host of NBC's The Tonight Show in the U.S., a post he will hold for 30 years.
- Lucille Ball and Vivian Vance returned to TV with The Lucy Show, two years after the end of I Love Lucy. (Vance was the first person to portray a divorcée on a weekly series.)
- October 3 – Project Mercury: Mercury-Atlas 8 – Walter Schirra orbits the Earth six times in the Sigma 7 space capsule.
- October 5
- The French National Assembly censures the proposed referendum to sanction presidential elections by popular mandate; Prime Minister Georges Pompidou resigns, but President de Gaulle asks him to stay in office.
- The Beatles' first single in their own right, "Love Me Do"/"P.S. I Love You", is released in the U.K. on EMI's Parlophone label. This version was recorded on September 4 at Abbey Road Studios in London with Ringo Starr as drummer.
- Dr. No, the first James Bond film, premieres at the London Pavilion, featuring Sean Connery as the hero.
- October 8
- October 9 – Uganda becomes independent within the Commonwealth of Nations.
- October 11 – Second Vatican Council: Pope John XXIII convenes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
- October 12
- The infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with wind gusts up to 170 mph (270 km/h); 46 are killed, 11 billion board feet (26 million m³) of timber is blown down, with US$230 million in damage.
- Jazz bassist/composer Charles Mingus invites the public to a live recording session at The Town Hall (New York City), but the public is expecting a formal concert. Along with technical problems the event is the worst moment of his career.
- October 13 – Broadway debut of Edward Albee's drama Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?.
- October 14 – The beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis: A U-2 flight over Cuba in the Caribbean photographs Soviet nuclear weapons being installed. A stand-off then ensues for another 12 days after President Kennedy is told of the pictures, between the United States and the Soviet Union, threatening the world with nuclear war.
- October 20 – The beginning of Sino-Indian War, a border dispute involving two of the world's largest nations (India and the People's Republic of China).
- October 22 – Cuban Missile Crisis: In a televised address, U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces to the nation the existence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.
- October 24 – Cuban Missile Crisis: First confrontation between the U.S. Navy and a Soviet cargo vessel. The vessel changes course.
- October 26 – Spiegel scandal: German police occupy the offices of Der Spiegel in Hamburg.
- October 28
- The end of the Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he has ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba. In a secret deal between Kennedy and Khrushchev, Kennedy agrees to the withdrawal of U.S. missiles from Turkey. The fact that this deal was not made public makes it look as though the Soviets have backed down.[dubious ]
- A referendum in France favors the election of the president by universal suffrage.
- October 31 – The United Nations General Assembly asks the United Kingdom to suspend enforcement of the new constitution in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), but it comes into effect on November 1.
- November – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's novella One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (Russian: Оди́н день Ива́на Дени́совича, Odin den' Ivana Denisovicha), the author's semi-autobiographical account of life in the gulag, is published in Novy Mir in an unprecedented acknowledgement of the Soviet Union's Stalinist past.
- November 1
- The Soviets begin dismantling their missiles in Cuba.
- First appearance of comic book antihero Diabolik in Italy.
- November 3 – Earliest recorded use of the term "personal computer" in the report of a speech by computing pioneer John Mauchly in The New York Times.
- November 5
- Franz Josef Strauß, the West German defense minister, is relieved of his duties over the Spiegel scandal, due to his alleged involvement in police action against the magazine.
- Saudi Arabia breaks off diplomatic relations with Egypt, following a period of unrest partly caused by the defection of several Saudi princes to Egypt.
- A coal mining disaster in Ny-Ålesund killed 21 people. The Norwegian government is forced to resign in the aftermath of this accident in August 1963.
- November 6 – Apartheid: The United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution condemning South Africa's racist apartheid policies and calls for all UN member states to cease military and economic relations with the nation.
- November 7 – Richard M. Nixon loses the California governor's race. In his concession speech, he states that this is "Richard Nixon's last press conference" and "you won't have Nixon to kick around any more".
- November 17 – Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C., dedicated by President John F. Kennedy.
- November 20 – Cuban missile crisis: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, President John F. Kennedy ends the blockade of the island.
- November 21 – The Sino-Indian War ends with a Chinese ceasefire.
- November 23 – United Airlines Flight 297 crashes in Columbia, Maryland, killing all 17 on board.
- November 24 – The first episode of the groundbreaking satirical comedy program That Was the Week That Was, hosted by David Frost is broadcast on BBC Television in the U.K.
- November 26
- November 27 – French President Charles De Gaulle orders Georges Pompidou to form a government.
- November 29 – An agreement is signed between Britain and France to develop the Concorde supersonic airliner.
- November 30 – The United Nations General Assembly elects U Thant of Burma as the new Secretary-General of the United Nations.
- December 2 – Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to make a non-optimistic public comment on the war's progress.
- December 7 – Rainier III, Prince of Monaco revises the principality's constitution, devolving some of his formerly autocratic power to several advisory and legislative councils.
- December 8
- The first period of the Second Vatican Council closes.
- The North Kalimantan National Army revolts in Brunei, in the first stirrings of the Indonesian Confrontation.
- The 1962–63 New York City newspaper strike begins, affecting all of the city's major newspapers; It will last for 114 days.
- Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, who died on November 28, is buried at the Nieuwe Kerk (Delft).
- December 9 – Tanganyika (modern-day Tanzania) becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, with Julius Nyerere as president.
- December 10 – David Lean's epic film Lawrence of Arabia, featuring Peter O'Toole, Omar Sharif, Alec Guinness, Jack Hawkins and Anthony Quinn, premieres in London. Six days later it opens in the U.S.
- December 11
- In West Germany, a coalition government of Christian Democrats, Christian Socialists and Free Democrats is formed.
- The last execution by hanging in Canada
- December 14
- U.S. spacecraft Mariner 2 passes by Venus, becoming the first spacecraft to transmit data of another planet.
- Leonardo da Vinci's early 16th-century painting the Mona Lisa is assessed for insurance purposed at US$100 million before touring the United States for several months, the highest insurance value for a painting in history. However, the Louvre, its owner, chooses to spend the money that would have been spent on the insurance premium on security instead.
- December 15 – Storm over the North Sea: Belgian pirate radio station Radio Uylenspiegel is knocked off the airwaves, never to operate again.
- December 19 – Britain acknowledged the right of Nyasaland (modern-day Malawi) to secede from the Central African Federation.
- December 21 – Britain agrees to purchase Polaris missiles from the U.S.
- December 22
- December 24 – Cuba releases the last 1,113 participants in the Bay of Pigs Invasion to the U.S., in exchange for food worth $53 million.
- December 30
- United Nations troops occupy the last rebel positions in Katanga; Moise Tshombe moves to South Rhodesia.
- An unexpected storm buries Maine under five feet of snow, forcing the Bangor Daily News to miss a publication date for the only time in history. The same day, also the Netherlands were covered with several feet of snow.
- American advertising man Martin K. Speckter invents the interrobang, a new English-language punctuation mark.
- Publication of Helen Gurley Brown's Sex and the Single Girl in the U.S.
- Irish folk band The Dubliners is formed at O'Donoghue's Pub in Dublin.
- Invention of the laser diode.
- Slavery in Yemen is abolished.
- January 3 – Guy Pratt, English musician and songwriter
- January 4
- January 5 – Suzy Amis Cameron, American actress and model
- January 6 – Mark Ellis, English footballer
- January 7
- January 10 – C. Martin Croker, American animator and voice actor (d. 2016)
- January 11
- January 12 – Alfred Schön, German manager and former footballer
- January 13
- January 14 – Michael McCaul, American politician
- January 17
- January 18
- January 20
- January 21
- January 22
- January 23
- January 25
- January 26 – Anna LaCazio, American singer (Cock Robin)
- January 28
- January 30 – King Abdullah II of Jordan
- February 1 – Takashi Murakami, Japanese pop artist
- February 2
- February 4
- February 5
- February 6 – Axl Rose, American rock singer
- February 7
- February 8
- February 9
- February 10
- February 11 – Sheryl Crow, American singer-songwriter
- February 12
- February 13
- February 14 – Ken Oosterbroek, South African photojournalist (d. 1994)
- February 17 – Lou Diamond Phillips, American actor
- February 18 – Julie Strain, American actress and model
- February 21
- February 22
- February 25
- February 26 – Domingos Montagner, Brazilian actor, playwright and entrepreneur (d. 2016)
- February 27
- February 28 – Angela Bailey, Canadian athlete
- March 2
- March 3
- March 4 – Simon Bisley, British comic book artist
- March 6
- March 7 – Taylor Dayne, American singer
- March 8
- March 10
- March 11 – Jeffrey Nordling, American actor
- March 12
- March 14 – Tsvetanka Khristova, Bulgarian athlete (d. 2008)
- March 16 – Branco Mello, Brazilian singer, actor and writer
- March 17 – Kalpana Chawla, American astronaut (d. 2003)
- March 18
- March 19 – Iván Calderón, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player (d. 2003)
- March 20 – Stephen Sommers, American film director
- March 21
- March 23
- March 24 – Star Jones, American talk show host and publisher
- March 25 – Marcia Cross, American actress
- March 26
- March 27
- March 29 – Ted Failon, Filipino broadcast journalist and radio commentator
- March 30 – MC Hammer, American rapper
- April 1
- April 2
- April 3
- April 6 – Steven Levitan, American director, writer, and producer
- April 7 – Hugh O'Connor, American actor (d. 1995)
- April 9 – Imran Sherwani, British field hockey player
- April 10
- April 12
- April 13
- April 15
- April 17 – Bill Kopp, American actor, voice actor and animator
- April 18 – Jeff Dunham, American ventriloquist
- April 19
- April 20 – Hank the Angry Drunken Dwarf (Henry Joseph Nasiff Jr.), American comedian (d. 2001)
- April 21 – Craig Robinson, American college basketball coach
- April 23 – John Hannah, Scottish actor
- April 24 – Steve Roach, Australian champion rugby league prop forward
- April 25 – Petya Dubarova, Bulgarian poet (d. 1979)
- April 26
- April 29 – Stephan Burger, German Roman Catholic archbishop
- April 30 – Tom Fahn, American voice actor
- May 2
- May 3 – Anders Graneheim, Swedish bodybuilder
- May 5
- May 6 - Harry LaRosiliere, American businessman and officeholder (Mayor of Plano, Texas)
- May 8 – Natalia Molchanova, Russian free-diver
- May 9
- May 12 – Emilio Estevez, American actor
- May 13
- May 14
- May 17
- May 18
- May 19 – Frances Ondiviela, Spanish/Mexican actress
- May 20
- May 21 – Cam Brainard, American voice actor and narrator
- May 22 – Brian Pillman, American professional wrestler (d. 1997)
- May 24 – Gene Anthony Ray, American actor (d. 2003)
- May 26
- May 27 – Ravi Shastri, Indian cricketer
- May 28
- May 30 – Timo Soini, Finnish politician
- May 31
- June 1 – Sherri Howard, American athlete
- June 3 – David Cole, American record producer and songwriter (d. 1995)
- June 4
- June 5 – Jeff Garlin, American comedian
- June 6 – Alex Datcher, American actress
- June 7 – Thierry Hazard, French singer and songwriter
- June 8 – Suzy Gorman, American photographer
- June 10
- June 11
- June 12
- June 13
- June 14 – Emilija Erčić, Yugoslav (Serbian) handball player
- June 15 – Andrea Rost, Hungarian lyric soprano
- June 16 – Arnold Vosloo, South African actor
- June 17 – Bap Kennedy, Northern Irish singer-songwriter (d. 2016)
- June 18
- June 19 – Paula Abdul, American dancer, choreographer and singer
- June 20 – Alex Di Gregorio, Italian editorial cartoonist
- June 21
- June 22
- June 23
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28 – Don Chambers, American newspaper comic strip artist
- June 29
- June 30
- July 1
- July 2
- July 3
- July 4
- July 5
- July 6
- July 7
- July 8
- July 9
- July 10 – Trond Helleland, Norwegian politician
- July 11 – Pauline McLynn, Irish actress
- July 12
- July 13
- July 14
- July 15
- July 16
- July 18
- July 19
- July 20
- July 21
- July 22 – Roman Madyanov, Russian actor
- July 23
- July 24
- July 26
- July 28 – Ray Shero, American hockey manager
- July 29 – Scott Steiner, American professional wrestler
- July 30
- July 31
- August 1
- August 2
- August 4 – Roger Clemens, American baseball player
- August 5 – Patrick Ewing, Jamaican-born basketball player
- August 6 – Michelle Yeoh, Malaysian-born Hong Kong actress
- August 7
- August 8
- August 11 – Rob Minkoff, American filmmaker
- August 13 – John Slattery, American actor and film director
- August 14 – Kevin Harris, Canadian skateboarder
- August 15 – Tom Colicchio, American chef
- August 16
- August 17 – Pierre Sanoussi-Bliss, German actor and director
- August 18 – Felipe Calderón, Mexican politician, 50th President of Mexico
- August 19
- August 20 – James Marsters, American actor and musician
- August 21
- August 23
- August 24
- August 25
- August 26
- August 27 – Vic Mignogna, American actor and voice actor
- August 28
- August 29
- August 30 – Alexander Litvinenko, Russian ex-KGB colonel and ex-FSB lieutenant-colonel (d. 2006)
- August 31
- September 1 – Ruud Gullit, Dutch footballer
- September 4 – Shinya Yamanaka, Japanese physician and researcher
- September 5 – Brian A. Joyce, American politician (d. 2018)
- September 6 – Chris Christie, American politician and 55th Governor of New Jersey
- September 7 – Kylie InGold, Australian fantasy artist
- September 8 – Thomas Kretschmann, German actor
- September 11
- September 12
- September 13 – Hisao Egawa, Japanese voice actor
- September 14 – Robert Herjavec, Croatian-born Canadian businessman, investor, and author
- September 15
- September 16 – Stephen Jones, English singer and musician
- September 17
- September 19
- September 21 – Rob Morrow, American actor
- September 22 – Martin Crowe, New Zealand cricketer (d. 2016)
- September 24
- September 25 – Aida Turturro, American actress
- September 26
- September 28 – Grant Fuhr, Canadian hockey player
- September 29 – Roger Bart, American actor and singer
- September 30 – Frank Rijkaard, Dutch football player and manager
- October 1
- October 2
- October 3 – Tommy Lee, American rock musician and drummer
- October 5
- October 6 – Rich Yett, American baseball player
- October 7 – Micky Flanagan, English comedian
- October 8 – Richard Lintern, English actor
- October 11
- October 12
- October 13
- October 14 – Trevor Goddard, English actor (d. 2003)
- October 16
- October 17 – Mike Judge, American actor, animator and producer
- October 19
- October 20 – Anatoly Khrapaty, Soviet Olympic weightlifter (d. 2008)
- October 21 – Miki Itō, Japanese voice actress
- October 22 – Bob Odenkirk, American actor and comedian
- October 23
- October 24 – Jay Novacek, American football player
- October 25
- October 26 – Cary Elwes, English actor and writer
- October 27
- October 28 – Daphne Zuniga, American actress
- October 29 – Debra Sandlund, American actress
- October 30
- November 1
- November 3
- November 6
- November 7 – Bettina Hoy, German equestrienne
- November 9 – Teryl Rothery, Canadian actress
- November 11
- November 12
- November 13 – Steve Altes, American humorist
- November 14
- November 15
- November 17 – Jamie Moyer, American baseball player
- November 19
- November 21 – Steven Curtis Chapman, American Christian musician
- November 22 – Sumi Jo, Korean operatic soprano
- November 23 – Nicolás Maduro, 63rd President of Venezuela
- November 24 – John Kovalic, American cartoonist
- November 27
- November 28
- November 29
- November 30
- December 1
- December 3 – Tammy Jackson, American basketball player
- December 4
- December 5 – José Cura, Argentine tenor
- December 6 – Janine Turner, American actress
- December 9
- December 10
- December 11
- December 12
- December 14 – Yvonne Ryding, Swedish pageant winner (Miss Universe 1984)
- December 16 – Maruschka Detmers, Dutch actress
- December 17
- December 18 – James Sie, American actor and voice actor
- December 19 – Jill Talley, American actress
- December 21 – Steven Mnuchin, 77th United States Secretary of the Treasury
- December 22 – Ralph Fiennes, English actor
- December 23 – Keiji Mutoh, Japanese professional wrestler
- December 24 – Kate Spade, American fashion designer (d. 2018)
- December 25 – Francis Dunnery, English musician, singer-songwriter, record producer, and record label owner
- December 27
- December 28
- December 30 – Alessandra Mussolini, Italian politician
- December 31
- Gunnar Krantz, Swedish comic artist
- January 1 – Diego Martínez Barrio, Spanish politician, 2-time Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1883)
- January 4 – Hans Lammers, German Nazi minister (b. 1879)
- January 6 – Marziyya Davudova, Soviet actress (b. 1901)
- January 13 – Ernie Kovacs, American TV comedian (b. 1919)
- January 16 – R. H. Tawney, English historian and social critic (b. 1880)
- January 17 – Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (b. 1905)
- January 19 – Snub Pollard, American actor (b. 1889)
- January 20 – Robinson Jeffers, American poet (b. 1887)
- January 21 – Arturo Bragaglia, Italian actor (b. 1893)
- January 22 – José María Beltrán, Spanish cinematographer (b. 1898)
- January 26 – Lucky Luciano, American gangster (b. 1897)
- January 29 – Fritz Kreisler, Austrian violinist (b. 1875)
- February 1 – Carey Wilson, American screenwriter (b. 1889)
- February 2 – Shlomo Hestrin, Canadian-born Israeli biochemist (b. 1914)
- February 4 – Daniel Halévy, French historian (b. 1872)
- February 5 – Jacques Ibert, French composer (b. 1890)
- February 6
- February 7 – Clara Nordström, German writer and translator (b. 1886)
- February 10 – Eduard von Steiger, Swiss politician, 51st President of the Swiss Confederation (b. 1881)
- February 11 – Indalecio Prieto, Spanish Socialist politician (b. 1891)
- February 13 – Hugh Dalton, British Labour politician (b. 1887)
- February 17
- February 19
- February 20 – Halliwell Hobbes, English-born film actor (b. 1877)
- February 24 – Hu Shih, Chinese philosopher (b. 1891)
- February 25 – María Ludovico De Angelis, Italian Roman Catholic professed sister and blessed (b. 1880)
- February 27 – Willie Best, American actor (b. 1916)
- February 28 – Chic Johnson, American actor (b. 1891)
- March 1
- Roscoe Ates, American actor (b. 1895)
- Richard L. Conolly, American admiral (b. 1892)
- W. Alton Jones, American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1891)
- Arnold Kirkeby, American hotelier, art collector and real estate investor (b. 1901)
- Louise Lindner Eastman, American wife of Lee Eastman and mother of Linda McCartney (b. 1911)
- Emelyn Whiton, American Olympic sailor (b. 1916)
- March 2 – Walt Kiesling, American football player (Chicago Cardinals) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1903)
- March 3 – Pierre Benoit, French novelist (b. 1886)
- March 14 – Giovanna Berneri, Italian educationalist and anarchist (b. 1897)
- March 15 – Arthur Compton, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
- March 20
- March 24
- March 27 – Augusta Savage, American sculptor (b. 1892)
- April 1 – Jussi Kekkonen, Finnish major (b. 1910)
- April 3 – Benny Paret, Cuban welterweight boxer (died as result of injuries in the ring; b. 1937)
- April 8 – Juan Belmonte, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1892)
- April 10
- April 13 – Culbert Olson, American politician, Governor of California (b. 1876)
- April 15
- April 17 – Louise Fazenda, American actress (b. 1895)
- April 20 – Grover Whalen, American politician (b. 1886)
- April 21 – Sir Frederick Handley Page, English aircraft manufacturer (b. 1885)
- April 22 – Vera Reynolds, American actress (b. 1899)
- April 24 – Milt Franklyn, American film composer (b. 1897)
- April 27 – Josefa Toledo de Aguirre, Nicaraguan pioneer educator (d. 1866)
- April 28 – Gianna Beretta Molla, Italian Roman Catholic pediatrician and saint (b. 1922)
- April 29 – Hajime Tanabe, Japanese philosopher (b. 1885)
- May 5 – Ernest Tyldesley, English cricketer (b. 1889)
- May 10 – Shunroku Hata, Marshal of the Imperial Japanese Army (b. 1879)
- May 12 – Pedro Pablo Ramirez, Argentine military general, 26th President of Argentina, leader of the World War II (b. 1884)
- May 13
- May 26 – Wilfrid Wilson Gibson, English poet (b. 1878)
- May 27 – Egon Petri, German pianist (b. 1881)
- May 28 – Robert Francis Anthony Studds, American admiral and engineer, fourth Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (b. 1896)
- May 31 – Henry Fountain Ashurst, American politician (b. 1874)
- June 1 – Adolf Eichmann, German SS officer and a major organiser of the Holocaust (executed) (b. 1906)
- June 2 – Vita Sackville-West, English writer and landscape gardener (b. 1892)
- June 4 – Charles William Beebe, American naturalist, ornithologist, marine biologist and entomologist (b. 1877)
- June 6
- June 7 – Korneli Kekelidze, Georgian philologist (b. 1879)
- June 8 – Eugène Freyssinet, French civil engineer (b. 1879)
- June 12 – John Ireland, English composer (b. 1879)
- June 13 – Sir Eugene Goossens, English composer (b. 1893)
- June 15
- June 16 – Aleksei Antonov, General of the Soviet Army (b. 1896)
- June 19
- June 24 – Lucile Watson, Canadian actress (b. 1879)
- June 27 – Paul Viiding, Estonian poet, author and literary critic (b. 1904)
- June 28 – Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (Philadelphia Athletics) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1903)
- July 1 – Bidhan Chandra Roy, Indian physician and politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (b. 1882)
- July 2
- July 4 – Rex Bell, American actor (b. 1903)
- July 6
- July 8 – Georges Bataille, French writer and philosopher (b. 1897)
- July 10 – Yehuda Leib Maimon, Bassarabian-born Israeli rabbi and government minister (b. 1875)
- July 12 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American band leader (b. 1907)
- July 13 – Jerry Wald, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1911)
- July 18 – Denjirō Ōkōchi, Japanese actor (b. 1898)
- July 21 – G. M. Trevelyan, English historian (b. 1876)
- July 23 – Victor Moore, American actor (b. 1876)
- July 26
- July 27 – Richard Aldington, English poet (b. 1892)
- July 29
- July 30 – Myron McCormick, American actor (b. 1908)
- August 5
- August 6 – Ángel Borlenghi, Argentine labor leader and politician (b. 1904)
- August 9 – Hermann Hesse, German-born writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
- August 15 – Lei Feng, Chinese soldier (b. 1940)
- August 18 – Cleo Ridgely, American actress (b. 1893)
- August 19 – Jean Lucienbonnet, French racing driver (b. 1923)
- August 21 – Ahmad bin Ibrahim, Malaysian-born Singaporean politician (b. 1927)
- August 22 – Charles Rigoulot, French Olympic weightlifter (b. 1903)
- August 23 – Hoot Gibson, American actor and film director (b. 1892)
- August 24 – Mykolas Biržiška, Lithuanian politician (b. 1882)
- August 26 – Dušan Simović, Yugoslav general, 18th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (b. 1882)
- August 27 – Leopoldo Panero, Spanish poet (b. 1909)
- August 28 – John Collum, American actor (b. 1926)
- August 29 – Georgina de Albuquerque, Brazilian painter (b. 1885)
- August 31 – Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski, Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1885)
- September 1 – Hans-Jürgen von Arnim, German general (b. 1889)
- September 3 – E. E. Cummings, American poet (b. 1894)
- September 4
- September 6 – Hanns Eisler, Austrian composer (b. 1898)
- September 7
- September 11 – Kenkichi Ueda, Japanese general (b. 1875)
- September 18 – Ahmad bin Yahya, King of Yemen (b. 1891)
- September 19 – Nikolai Pogodin, Soviet playwright (b. 1900)
- September 20 – Conrad Helfrich, Dutch admiral (b. 1886)
- September 21 – Ouyang Yuqian, Chinese playwright, director and Peking opera performer (b. 1889)
- September 23
- September 24
- September 30 – Bernard Rawlings, British admiral (b. 1889)
- October 1 – Ludwig Bemelmans, Austro-Hungarian born American writer (b. 1898)
- October 2
- October 3 – K. Kanagaratnam, Ceylon Tamil civil servant and politician (b. 1892)
- October 6 – Tod Browning, American film director (b. 1882)
- October 7 – Henri Oreiller, French Olympic alpine skier (b. 1925)
- October 9 – Milan Vidmar, Slovenian chess player (b. 1885)
- October 10 – Stancho Belkovski, Bulgarian architect and lecturer (b. 1891)
- October 11 – Erich von Tschermak, Austrian agronomist (b. 1871)
- October 12 – Alberto Teisaire, Argentine Navy officer and Vice President of the Republic (assassinated) (b. 1891)
- October 14 – Irma Gramatica, Italian actress (b. 1870)
- October 16 – Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (b. 1884)
- October 17 – Natalia Goncharova, Russian artist (b. 1881)
- October 20 – Jesús Herrera, Spanish international footballer (b. 1938)
- October 26 – Louise Beavers, American actress (b. 1902)
- October 27
- October 31 – Louis Massignon, French Catholic scholar of Islam (b. 1883)
- November 7 – Eleanor Roosevelt, American politician, diplomat and activist, First Lady of the United States (b. 1884)
- November 8
- November 9 – Carroll McComas, American actress (b. 1886)
- November 14
- November 15 – Irene Lentz, American costume designer (b. 1900)
- November 18
- November 22 – René Coty, 17th President of France (b. 1884)
- November 23 – Grace Butler, New Zealand artist (b. 1886)
- November 25 – Forrest Smithson, American Olympic athlete (b. 1884)
- November 26
- November 28
- November 29 – Erik Scavenius, 12th Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1877)
- November 30 – Joseph Lade Pawsey, Australian radio astronomer. (b. 1908)
- December 6 – Harry Bauler, American politician (b. 1910)
- December 7 – Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (b. 1895)
- December 10 – Robert C. Giffen, American admiral (b. 1886)
- December 13
- December 15 – Charles Laughton, English actor and director (b. 1899)
- December 16 – Lew Landers, American TV and film director (b. 1901)
- December 17 – Thomas Mitchell, American actor (b. 1892)
- December 18 – Garrett Mattingly, American historian (b. 1900)
- December 20 – Emil Artin, Austrian mathematician (b. 1898)
- December 23 – José Giral, Spanish politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1879)
- December 24
- December 26 – Calcedonio Di Pisa, Italian criminal (b. 1931)
- December 28 – Kazimierz Świtalski, Polish diplomat, politician, soldier and military officer, 18th Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1886)
- December 30 – Arthur Lovejoy, American philosopher and historian (b. 1873)
- Fawzi Al-Mulki, Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1910)
- Abdallah Beyhum, 10th Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1879)
- Henry Matthew Talintyre, British comic strip artist (b. 1893)
- Physics – Lev Landau
- Chemistry – Max Perutz, John Kendrew
- Physiology or Medicine – Francis Crick, James Watson, Maurice Wilkins
- Literature – John Steinbeck
- Peace – Linus Pauling