Little Brown Stein
The Little Brown Stein is a rivalry trophy awarded to the winner of the college football game between the University of Idaho Vandals and University of Montana Grizzlies. The trophy is, as the name implies, a large mug with the results of all the games between the two painted on. The game was last played 14 years ago in 2003, the series is set to resume in 2018, when Idaho rejoins the Big Sky for football. Idaho and Montana first played 114 years ago in 1903 and have played 84 times, Idaho has dominated the overall series, which includes two Division I-AA playoff wins at home in the 1980s. Montana has had the hand since 1991, winning eight of the last ten. Since Idaho moved back up to Division I-A in 1996, the teams have met five times, the schools were the only public universities in their respective states for decades, and are about 200 miles apart. Moscow and Missoula are on sides of the lower Idaho Panhandle. Both were members of the old Pacific Coast Conference, Montana departed after the 1950 season, the universities were charter members of the Big Sky Conference in 1963, and their final season as conference opponents was in 1995.
After the 2000 season, the Big West dropped football, Idaho became a football-only member of the Sun Belt Conference in 2001 while remaining a full Big West member. Idaho joined the WAC for all sports in 2005 as part of a major NCAA conference realignment, after the WAC experienced a near-complete membership turnover in the early 2010s, it dropped football after the 2012 season. Idaho football was an FBS independent for one season in 2013, Idaho returned to the Big Sky in 2014 except for football, which rejoined the Sun Belt. Idaho will drop back to FCS in 2018 and resume football membership in the Big Sky
The University Stadium is an outdoor football stadium on the south campus of the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, New Mexico. It is the field of the New Mexico Lobos football team of the Mountain West Conference. The stadium opened in September 1960 and currently has a capacity of 39,224. The newly installed synthetic turf surface field runs in the traditional north-south configuration, the stadium replaced Zimmerman Field, a 16, 000-seat stadium which was located just south of the current Zimmerman Library. The main campus would expand with removing the old field, room for campus facilities, the university purchased land south of campus, near the corner of Avenida Cesar Chavez and University Boulevard for the current stadium. When it opened in 1960, University Stadium consisted of the east and west stands, the stadium was built in an existing arroyo with the grandstands built up from moved earth for an earthen fill that was cemented over. This berm style construction placed the field below ground level with seats above, initial costs for the stadium were just over $4 million.
University Stadium opened on September 17,1960 with UNM defeating an overmatched National University of Mexico by a score of 77-6, a new press box with private suites was built in 1976 at a cost of $1.8 million. Because the stadium had been built on fill, the press box had to be supported on large concrete cylinders that went down to the pre-existing ground level. In 1995 the next addition to University Stadium came when UNM built the L. F. Tow Diehm Athletic Facility, a house and athletic training facility located in the southern end zone. The athletics department announced in late 2011 the football field would be stripped of natural grass, fieldTurf was awarded the bid for the school. The new field was announced to be ready in time for the 2012 season, naming rights for the new field were purchased by local attorneys Turner and Margaret Branch, who are alumni of the university. The Stadiums current expansion began in 2001 with stands, new bathroom, UNM added a large, state-of-the-art scoreboard that included the LoboVision video screen.
In 2004, portable bleachers were donated to UNM by the city of Albuquerque in 2004 to take the stadiums capacity beyond 39,000, by the time renovations are completed, the stadium will seat over 43,000. Since December 2006, University Stadium has hosted the New Mexico Bowl, the game was the first Division I bowl game played in the state of New Mexico. University Stadium had hosted the Division II national championship, named the Zia Bowl, in Zia Bowl I, Delaware defeated Youngstown State 38-21. In Zia Bowl II, Cal Poly-San Luis Obispo beat Eastern Illinois 21-13, attendance was 4,000 or less for both Zia Bowls, and in 1981 the Division II championship was moved to McAllen, Texas
Billings is the largest city in the state of Montana, and is the principal city of the Billings Metropolitan Area with a population of 166,855. It has an area of over half a million people. Billings is located in the portion of the state and is the seat of Yellowstone County. The 2015 Census estimates put the Billings population at 110,263, the city is experiencing rapid growth and a strong economy, it has had and is continuing to have the largest growth of any city in Montana. Parts of the area are seeing hyper growth. From 2000 to 2010 Lockwood, an suburb of the city, saw growth of 57. 8%. Billings has avoided the economic downturn that affected most of the nation 2008–2012 as well as avoiding the housing bust, Billings was nicknamed the Magic City because of its rapid growth from its founding as a railroad town in March 1882. The city is named for Frederick H. Billings, a president of the Northern Pacific Railroad. Billings is the destination for much of the same area. With more hotel accommodations than any area within a region, the city hosts a variety of conventions, sporting events.
Area attractions include Pompeys Pillar, Pictograph Cave, Chief Plenty Coups State Park, Zoo Montana, the downtown core and much of the rest of Billings is in the Yellowstone Valley which is a canyon carved out by the Yellowstone River. Around 80 million years ago, the Billings area was on the shore of the Western Interior Seaway, the sea deposited sediment and sand around the shoreline. As the sea retreated it left behind a layer of sand. Over millions of years this sand was compressed into stone that is known as Eagle Sandstone, over the last million years the river has carved its way down through this stone to form the canyon walls that are known as the Billings Rimrocks or the Rims. About five miles south of downtown are the Pictograph Caves and these caves contain over 100 pictographs, the oldest of which is over 2,000 years old. Approximately 30,000 artifacts have been excavated from the site and these excavations have indicated that the area has been occupied since at least 2600 BCE until after 1800 CE.
The Crow Indians have called the Billings area home since about 1700, the present-day Crow Nation is just south of Billings. In July 1806, William Clark passed through the Billings area, on July 25 he arrived at what is now known as Pompeys Pillar and wrote in his journal
University of Montana
The University of Montana is a public research university in Missoula, Montana, in the United States. Founded in 1893, the university is the second largest of the Montana University System, second to Montana State University, the main campus is at the foot of Mount Sentinel, the hill bearing Missoulas most recognizable landmark, a large hillside letter M. The University of Montana ranks 17th in the nation and fifth among universities in producing Rhodes Scholars. The University of Montana has 11 Truman Scholars,14 Goldwater Scholars and 40 Udall Scholars to its name, the University of Montanas Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library houses the earliest authorized edition of the Lewis and Clark journals. Rolling Stone labelled the university the most scenic campus in America and Outside magazine called it among the top 10 colleges nationally for combining academic quality, an act of Congress of February 18,1881 dedicated 72 sections in Montana Territory for the creation of the University. Montana was admitted to the Union on November 8,1889, the cities bids were supported by the rival Copper Kings, William A.
Clark and Marcus Daly, respectively. Missoula won the vote for the new university at the Third Montana Legislative Assembly in February 1893. The University was formally opened in 1895, while plans for a university campus were progressing, classes were temporarily held at nearby Willard School. The South Missoula Land Company, owned by A. B. Hammond, Richard Eddy and Marcus Daly, in June 1898 the cornerstone for A. J. Gibson designed University Hall was laid and Missoula became the University City, the University of Montana comprises eleven full colleges and schools, College of Humanities & Sciences, Phyllis J. The Phyllis J. Washington College of Education and Human Sciences is divided into five academic departments, in 1914, the University of Montana School of Law became a member of The Association of American Law Schools and in 1923, the School received accreditation from the American Bar Association. For the fall 2014 term, University of Montana offered admission to 4,956 freshmen out of 5,345 applicants, the first set of buildings were set up around the oval in 1895.
Since that time, various plans and architectural styles have been used. Today the campus consists of 220 acres and is bordered to the east by Mount Sentinel, landmarks include, The Oval A3 acres swath of grass running east to west, marking the traditional center of the university. Today it is divided into quadrants by two intersecting paths, though originally the oval was solid grass and forbidden to be crossed by students. A double row of trees was planted around the oval on Arbor Day 1896, the original gravel driveway that once surrounded the Oval has been replaced by sidewalk. The original master plan of the university called for all buildings to face the center of the oval, but this proved difficult. On the western extreme of the Oval is a grizzly bear statue created by ceramic artist
University of Montana Grizzly Marching Band
The University of Montana Grizzly Marching Band is the school band of the University of Montana. As of 2015, the band had about 140 members, the band was started in the late 1800s. It largely specializes in contemporary corps-style outdoor marching, playing at home game. The group travels to several games in the Northwest and has accompanied the football team to four Division I-AA National Championships. In addition to the entertainment, it makes several appearances in the community each season. University of Montana Grizzly Marching Band website Videos of Grizzly Marching Band in 2008 season
Colorado State Rams football
Rams football teams have had relative success over the years, including winning or sharing the Mountain West title in 1999,2000 and 2002. The Rams completed a 49-season tenure at Sonny Lubick Field at Hughes Stadium, located four miles west of the campus in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. The university is building a new on-campus venue tentatively known as Colorado State Stadium, the Rams have long-standing rivalries with Colorado and Air Force. Colorado State football dates back to 1893, when it was known as Colorado Agricultural University and its first football coach was W. J. Forbes, who led the team in 1899 to a 1-2-1 record. He was succeeded by George Toomey in 1900, who led the Rams to a record of 1-3, Harry W. Hughes helped build Colorado Field, the first sodded football field in Colorado history, replacing Durkee Field. Colorado Field was the home of the Colorado Aggies and Colorado State Rams from 1912 to 1967, Harry Hughes won eight conference championships in the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference in 1915,1916,1919,1920,1925,1927,1933, and 1934.
He was a member of the NCAA National Rules Committee beginning in 1926 until his retirement, Hughes coached the Aggies from 1911 to 1941 in football and remained as the Athletic Director until his retirement in 1953. In the early 1930s Hughes was given the nickname Dean of American Football Coaches by sportswriters and he was famously known as one of the most fair and sportsmanlike football coaches in America. He coached football from 1911 to 1941 and after resigning as coach in 1946. Upon his retirement he was inducted into the Helms Football Hall of Fame on Harry Hughes Day, known as a tough but fair coach, Hughes was a strict disciplinarian who developed a play in 1914 known as the Million Dollar Play. This triple pass was an end around play based on the single wing formation, some of Hughes greatest players were Ralph Sag Robinson, Kenneth Hyde and Glenn Morris. Hughes broke the barrier in modern Colorado football in 1939 when he played John Mosley between 1939 and 1942. When Colorado State University built their new stadium in 1968.
Hughes final record at CSU was 126-92-18, Bob Davis was named as the head coach of football, replacing the legendary Hughes, on January 6,1947. Bob Davis utilized the T formation and veterans returning from World War II to turn around a 2-7 Aggies team in 1946 to an 8-2 team in 1948, placing second in the Skyline Conference. Colorado A & M was invited to and played in the January 1,1949 Raisin Bowl in Fresno, only losing 21-20 in the last minutes of the game, Davis 1949 team went on to a 9-1 record and placed second again. Bob Davis was a revolutionary coach utilizing classroom football along with practice, Davis played black athletes in a predominantly white school such as Eddie Hanna, George Jones and Alex Burl. Several of Bob Davis players went on to the National Football League including Dale Dodrill, Thurman Fum McGraw, Jim David, Don Burroughs, Jack Christiansen, Alex Burl, three of his players were All-Americans, Thurman Fum Mcgraw, Harvey Achziger and Gary Glick
Utah State Aggies football
The Utah State Aggies are a college football team that competes in the Mountain West Conference of the Football Bowl Subdivision of NCAA Division I, representing Utah State University. The Utah State college football program began in 1892 and has played games at Merlin Olsen Field at Maverik Stadium since 1968. They have won conference championships in four different conferences during their history. Overall, the Aggies have a record of 525–517–31, in December 2012, Matt Wells, previously the offensive coordinator, became the Aggies new head coach, replacing Gary Andersen. Andersen left the Aggies shortly after the game of the 2012 season to become the new head coach for the University of Wisconsin. Andersen had replaced Brent Guy following the unsuccessful 2008 season, Andersen was previously the defensive coordinator at the University of Utah, and he was a part of the 2008 Ute team that went undefeated and won the 2009 Sugar Bowl. Their most recent appearance was in the 2015 Famous Idaho Potato Bowl, the first intercollegiate athletic event in Utah State Universitys history took place on November 25,1892, when the Agriculturalists defeated the football team from the University of Utah, 12–0.
The game was played on what is now the quad, the Aggies enjoyed early regional dominance, notching their first perfect season in 1907. In 1911, under head coach Clayton Teetzel, the team finished undefeated. The makeshift field on the continued to serve the team until 1913. The new field represented an improvement, but the facilities remained meager, which became more apparent with the success of Coach E. L. Dick Romney. Romney, for whom the current football stadium is named, earned the teams first-ever conference championship in 1921 and it was during this time that Utah State finished two seasons with year-end Top 25 rankings, No.10 in 1961 and No.19 in 1972. Following the great heights of the 1960s and 70s, Aggie football fell upon hard times, many longtime Aggie supporters attribute the decline to administrators at both Utah and BYU freezing then-superior USU out of the newly forming WAC. USUs other teams remained in that conference until the school was invited to join the WAC in 2005. Later on, Utah State joined the Mountain West Conference in July 2013, again following departures by Utah, former head coach Gary Andersen led the team to new heights.
In 2011, he led the team to the Famous Idaho Potato Bowl, Andersen left the program following the 2012 season. He was replaced by his offensive coordinator, Matt Wells who coached the Aggies in their inaugural year as members of the Mountain West Conference. Coach Wells was awarded the Mountain West Coach of the Year award, Utah States home games are played on Merlin Olsen Field at Maverik Stadium
Montana Grizzlies football
The Montana Grizzlies football program represents the University of Montana in the Division I Football Championship Subdivision of college football. The Grizzlies have competed in the Big Sky Conference, where it is a founding member and they play their home games on campus in Missoula at Washington-Grizzly Stadium, where they had an average attendance of 24,380 in 2013. The Grizzlies had a season from 1986–2011. In Washington-Grizzly Stadium they have a percentage of.890 including playoffs. They hold the records for most playoff appearances in a row, Big Sky Conference titles in a row and their success made them the most successful program in all college football in the 2000s and third most successful team in FCS in the 1990s. The University of Montanas first football season was in 1897 where they won a game against future rival Montana State. The team played only schools from Montana until it helped found the Northwest Intercollegiate Athletic Association in 1902, in addition to Montana, this original Northwest Conference included Washington, Washington State, Oregon State and Whitman College.
Despite the associations stated goal of increasing intercollegiate athletics, Montana continued to only the nearest teams. More unfortunate for the team, it would not win a game against a conference opponent until a 10-0 win over Washington State in 1914, Montana joined the conference in 1924 and remained through the 1949 season. Montana won only nine games, and never played a home game against a team from the state of California. No team was organized in 1918, due to World War I, Record, vs. CatsDoug Fessenden was the first Montana coach to last more than five years and was the first to end his career with a winning record that coached more than two years. The program was on hiatus for the 1943 and 1944 seasons, of the six teams in the northern division of the PCC, only Washington continued through the war. In 1948, the Montana board of education announced that it was de-emphasizing athletics at the state university, the conference was only preferable to having no conference affiliation. In 1951, Montana joined the Mountain States Conference, popularly known as the Skyline Conference and it would compete here until the conference dissolved in 1962, never having a winning season and not winning more than three games until 1960.
In 1963, Montana joined Gonzaga, Idaho State, Weber State, following a 1–9 season in 1966, University of Montana president Robert T. Pantzer announced in December the hiring of Jack Swarthout, a former quarterback/halfback/end from Montana. Swarthout brought on Jack Elway as an assistant and they improved the team immediately to 7–3 in their first season, within two years, Swarthout guided the team to back-to-back undefeated regular seasons in 1969 and 1970 and Montanas first Big Sky Conference titles. Continued success was expected, but a season in 1971 was followed by a work-study scandal that eventually led to Swarthouts resignation. Though Swarthout was found innocent, the charges hurt recruiting and the government decided to withdraw financial support for athletic programs
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Albuquerque is the most populous city in the U. S. state of New Mexico. The high-altitude city serves as the county seat of Bernalillo County, the city population is 557,169 as of the July 1,2014 population estimate from the United States Census Bureau, and ranks as the 32nd-largest city in the U. S. The Albuquerque metropolitan statistical area has a population of 907,301 according to the United States Census Bureaus most recently available estimate for 2015, Albuquerque is the 60th-largest United States metropolitan area. The Sandia Mountains run along the side of Albuquerque. Albuquerque is the home of the International Balloon Fiesta, the worlds largest such gathering of hot-air balloons from around the globe, the event takes place during the first week of October. Albuquerque was named in honor of Francisco, Duke of Alburquerque, the growing village soon to become Albuquerque was named by provincial governor Francisco Cuervo y Valdés. Franciscos title referred to the Spanish town of Alburquerque, in the Spanish province of Badajoz, the name has two theories of origin which denote either Latin or Arabic roots.
The first of which derived from the Latin albus quercus meaning white oak and this name was probably in reference to the prevalence of cork oaks in the region, which have a white wood when the bark is removed. Alburquerque is still a center of the Spanish cork industry, another theory suggests that it may come from the Arabic Abu al-Qurq, which means father of the cork. The change was in due to the fact that citizens found the original name difficult to pronounce. Western folklore offers a different explanation, tracing the name Albuquerque to the Galician word albaricoque, the apricot was brought to New Mexico by Spanish settlers, possibly as early as 1743. As the story goes, the settlement was established near an apricot tree, as frontiersmen were unable to correctly pronounce the Galician word, it became corrupted to Albuquerque. The Tanoan and Keres peoples had lived along the Rio Grande for centuries before European settlers arrived in what is now Albuquerque, Albuquerque was founded in 1706 as the Spanish colonial outpost of Villa de Alburquerque.
Present-day Albuquerque retains much of its historical Spanish cultural heritage, Albuquerque was a farming community and strategically located military outpost along the Camino Real. The town was the center of the West. Spain established a presidio in Albuquerque in 1706, after 1821, Mexico had a military garrison there. The town of Alburquerque was built in the traditional Spanish village pattern, a plaza surrounded by government buildings, homes. This central plaza area has preserved and is open to the public as a museum, cultural area
The Internet Archive launched the Wayback Machine in October 2001. It was set up by Brewster Kahle and Bruce Gilliat, and is maintained with content from Alexa Internet, the service enables users to see archived versions of web pages across time, which the archive calls a three dimensional index. Since 1996, the Wayback Machine has been archiving cached pages of websites onto its large cluster of Linux nodes and it revisits sites every few weeks or months and archives a new version. Sites can be captured on the fly by visitors who enter the sites URL into a search box, the intent is to capture and archive content that otherwise would be lost whenever a site is changed or closed down. The overall vision of the machines creators is to archive the entire Internet, the name Wayback Machine was chosen as a reference to the WABAC machine, a time-traveling device used by the characters Mr. Peabody and Sherman in The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show, an animated cartoon. These crawlers respect the robots exclusion standard for websites whose owners opt for them not to appear in search results or be cached, to overcome inconsistencies in partially cached websites, Archive-It.
Information had been kept on digital tape for five years, with Kahle occasionally allowing researchers, when the archive reached its fifth anniversary, it was unveiled and opened to the public in a ceremony at the University of California, Berkeley. Snapshots usually become more than six months after they are archived or, in some cases, even later. The frequency of snapshots is variable, so not all tracked website updates are recorded, Sometimes there are intervals of several weeks or years between snapshots. After August 2008 sites had to be listed on the Open Directory in order to be included. As of 2009, the Wayback Machine contained approximately three petabytes of data and was growing at a rate of 100 terabytes each month, the growth rate reported in 2003 was 12 terabytes/month, the data is stored on PetaBox rack systems manufactured by Capricorn Technologies. In 2009, the Internet Archive migrated its customized storage architecture to Sun Open Storage, in 2011 a new, improved version of the Wayback Machine, with an updated interface and fresher index of archived content, was made available for public testing.
The index driving the classic Wayback Machine only has a bit of material past 2008. In January 2013, the company announced a ground-breaking milestone of 240 billion URLs, in October 2013, the company announced the Save a Page feature which allows any Internet user to archive the contents of a URL. This became a threat of abuse by the service for hosting malicious binaries, as of December 2014, the Wayback Machine contained almost nine petabytes of data and was growing at a rate of about 20 terabytes each week. Between October 2013 and March 2015 the websites global Alexa rank changed from 162 to 208, in a 2009 case, Netbula, LLC v. Chordiant Software Inc. defendant Chordiant filed a motion to compel Netbula to disable the robots. Netbula objected to the motion on the ground that defendants were asking to alter Netbulas website, in an October 2004 case, Telewizja Polska USA, Inc. v. Echostar Satellite, No.02 C3293,65 Fed. 673, a litigant attempted to use the Wayback Machine archives as a source of admissible evidence, Telewizja Polska is the provider of TVP Polonia and EchoStar operates the Dish Network
Bozeman is a city in and the county seat of Gallatin County, United States, in the southwestern part of the state. The 2010 census put Bozemans population at 37,280 and the 2015 census estimate put the population at 43,405 making it the fourth largest city in the state. It is the city of the Bozeman, MT Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is the largest Micropolitan Statistical Area in Montana and is the third largest of all of Montana’s statistical areas, the city is named after John M. Bozeman who established the Bozeman Trail and was a key founder of the town in August 1864. The town became incorporated in April 1883 with a city form of government. Bozeman was elected an All-America City in 2001 by the National Civic League, Bozeman is a college town, home to Montana State University. The local newspaper is the Bozeman Daily Chronicle, and the city is served by Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, william Clark visited the area in July 1806 as he traveled east from Three Forks along the Gallatin River.
The party camped 3 miles east of what is now Bozeman, the journal entries from Clarks party briefly describe the future citys location. Red Clouds War closed the Bozeman Trail in 1868, but the fertile land attracted permanent settlers. In 1866 Nelson Story, a successful Virginia City, Story braved the hostile Bozeman Trail to successfully drive some 1000 head of longhorn cattle into Paradise Valley just east of Bozeman. Eluding the U. S. Army, who tried to turn Story back to protect the drive from hostile Indians, Story established a sizable ranch in the Paradise Valley and holdings in the Gallatin Valley. He donated land to the state for the establishment of Montana State University – Bozeman, Fort Ellis 45°39′16″N 110°56′35″W, el.4,987 feet was established in 1867 by Captain R. S. In addition to Fort Ellis, a fort, Fort Elizabeth Meagher, was established in 1867 by volunteer militiamen. The first library in Bozeman was formed by the Young Mens Library Association in a room above a drugstore in 1872 and it moved to the mayors office and was taken over by the city in 1890.
The first Grange meeting in Montana Territory was held in Bozeman in 1873, the Northern Pacific Railway reached Bozeman from the east in 1883. By 1900 Bozemans population reached 3,500, in 1892 the U. S. Bureau of Fisheries established a fish hatchery on Bridger Creek at the entrance to Bridger Canyon. Montana State University - Bozeman was established in 1893 as the states land-grant college, by the 1920s, the institution was known as Montana State College, and in 1965 it became Montana State University. Bozemans first high school, the Gallatin Valley High School, was built on West Main Street in 1902, in the early 20th century, over 17,000 acres of the Gallatin Valley were planted in edible peas harvested for both canning and seed