Barry Morris Goldwater was an American politician and author, a five-term Senator from Arizona and the Republican Party nominee for President of the United States in 1964. Despite his loss of the 1964 presidential election in a landslide, Goldwater is the politician most credited with having sparked the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s, he had a substantial impact on the libertarian movement. Goldwater rejected the legacy of the New Deal and fought with the conservative coalition against the New Deal coalition. Although he had supported earlier civil rights legislation, he notably opposed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as he believed it to be an overreach by the federal government. In 1964, Goldwater mobilized a large conservative constituency to win the hard-fought Republican presidential primaries. Although raised as an Episcopalian, Goldwater was the first candidate of ethnically Jewish heritage to be nominated for President by a major American party. Goldwater's platform failed to gain the support of the electorate and he lost the 1964 presidential election to incumbent Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson.
Goldwater returned to the Senate in specialized in defense and foreign policy. As an elder statesman of the party, Goldwater urged President Richard Nixon to resign in 1974 when evidence of a cover-up in the Watergate scandal became overwhelming and impeachment was imminent. Goldwater's views grew libertarian as he reached the end of his career, chose to retire from the Senate in 1987. A significant accomplishment in his career was the passage of the Goldwater–Nichols Act of 1986, he was succeeded by John McCain, who praised his predecessor as the man who "transformed the Republican Party from an Eastern elitist organization to the breeding ground for the election of Ronald Reagan." Goldwater supported the 1980 presidential campaign of Reagan, who had become the standard-bearer of the conservative movement after his Time for Choosing speech. Reagan reflected many of the principles of Goldwater's earlier run in his campaign. Washington Post columnist George Will took note of this, writing, "We...who voted for him in 1964 believe he won, it just took 16 years to count the votes."
After leaving the Senate, Goldwater's views cemented as libertarian. He began to criticize the "moneymaking ventures by fellows like Pat Robertson and others who are trying to...make a religious organization out of it." He lobbied for homosexuals to be able to serve in the military, opposed the Clinton administration's plan for health care reform, supported abortion rights and the legalization of medicinal marijuana. In 1997, Goldwater was revealed to be in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease, he died one year at the age of 89. To this day, Goldwater remains a controversial figure in U. S. politics. Goldwater was born in Phoenix in what was the Arizona Territory, the son of Baron M. Goldwater and his wife, Hattie Josephine "JoJo" Williams, his father's family had founded a leading upscale department store in Phoenix. Goldwater's paternal grandfather, Michel Goldwasser, a Polish Jew, was born in 1821 in Konin, whence he immigrated to London following the Revolutions of 1848. Soon after arriving in London, he anglicized his name from "Goldwasser" to "Goldwater".
Michel married a member of an English Jewish family, in the Great Synagogue of London. His father was Jewish and his mother, Episcopalian, came from a New England family that included the theologian Roger Williams of Rhode Island. Goldwater's parents were married in an Episcopal church in Phoenix. While he did not attend church, he stated that "If a man acts in a religious way, an ethical way he's a religious man—and it doesn't have a lot to do with how he gets inside a church."The family department store made the Goldwaters comfortably wealthy. Goldwater graduated from Staunton Military Academy, an elite private school in Virginia, attended the University of Arizona for one year, where he joined the Sigma Chi fraternity. Barry had never been close to his father, but he took over the family business after Baron's death in 1930, he became a Republican, promoted innovative business practices, opposed the New Deal because it fostered labor unions. Goldwater came to know former President Herbert Hoover, whose conservative politics he admired greatly.
In 1934, he married Margaret "Peggy" Johnson, daughter of a prominent industrialist from Muncie, Indiana. They had four children: Joanne, Barry and Peggy. Goldwater became a widower in 1985, in 1992 he married Susan Wechsler, a nurse 32 years his junior. Goldwater's son Barry Goldwater Jr. served as a United States House of Representatives member from California from 1969 to 1983. Goldwater's uncle Morris Goldwater was an Arizona territorial and state legislator, mayor of Prescott, a businessman. Goldwater's grandson, Ty Ross, a former Zoli model, is gay and HIV positive, the one who inspired the elder Goldwater "to become an octogenarian proponent of gay civil rights". With the American entry into World War II, Goldwater received a reserve commission in the United States Army Air Forces, he became a pilot assigned to the Ferry Command, a newly formed unit that flew aircraft and supplies to war zones worldwide. He spent most of the war flying between the U. S. and India, via the Azores and North Africa or South America
1884 United States presidential election in Texas
The 1884 United States presidential election in Texas was held on November 4, 1884. Texas voters chose 13 electors to represent the state in the Electoral College, which chose the president and vice president. Texas voted for the Democratic nominee Grover Cleveland. Texas was Cleveland's second strongest state
1892 United States presidential election in Texas
The 1892 United States presidential election in Texas took place on November 8, 1892. All contemporary 44 states were part of the 1892 United States presidential election. Texas voters chose fifteen electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president. Texas was won by the Democratic nominees, Grover Cleveland of New York and his running mate Adlai Stevenson I of Illinois. Although Harrison received less than 20 percent of the statewide vote, as of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last time Starr County has voted for a Republican Presidential candidate, the longest unbroken Democratic voting streak in the country
1860 United States presidential election in Texas
The 1860 United States presidential election in Texas was held on November 6, 1860. Texas voters chose four electors to represent the state in the Electoral College, which chose the president and vice president. Texas voted for the Southern Democratic nominee John C. Breckinridge, who received 75% of the vote. Texas was Breckinridge's strongest state. Republican Party candidate Abraham Lincoln was not on the ballot in Texas. Douglas supporters had agreed to transfer their allegiance to Constitutional Union candidate John Bell, but Bell carried only three counties in the state and it is sometimes thought that the German-American abolitionists in such counties as Gillespie refrained from visiting the polls
1848 United States presidential election in Texas
The 1848 United States presidential election in Texas was held on November 7, 1848. Texas voters chose 4 electors to represent the state in the Electoral College, which chose the president and vice president. Texas was annexed by the United States on February 19, 1846, making this the first presidential election in which the state participated. Texas overwhelmingly voted for the Democratic nominee Lewis Cass. Texas was, by far, Cass's strongest state, the only state where he received over 70.2% of the popular vote
1968 United States presidential election in Texas
The 1968 United States presidential election in Texas was held on November 5, 1968. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the United States presidential election of 1968. Texas chose twenty-five electors to represent them in the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president; the Democratic Party candidate, incumbent Vice President Hubert Humphrey narrowly carried Texas with 41.4% of the vote, giving him the state's 25 electoral votes. However he narrowly lost the general election to Republican candidate, former Vice President Richard Nixon; this was the first occasion when Texas had not backed the winning presidential candidate since voting for John W. Davis in 1924; when Texas "favorite son" Lyndon Johnson withdrew from the 1968 election in March, it was thought that the Republican Party would have a good chance of winning the Lone Star State despite losing by 27 percentage points in 1964, the presence of former Alabama Governor George Wallace running as a candidate for the American Independent Party, a far-right political party.
Wallace was known for his pro-segregationist politics, which would win him five southern states in the general election. However, in Humphrey's favor was the abolition of the poll tax via the Twenty-Fourth Amendment that permitted disfranchised Mexican-Americans to register and vote for the first time; the Mexican-American South Texas counties of Duval and Jim Hogg had been among the four most Democratic in the nation in 1964, despite polling fewer than eighteen thousand out of a state total exceeding three million votes, those three counties would provide over thirty percent of Humphrey's ultimate winning plurality and Duval was again the most Democratic county in the nation. On September 21, a poll by Joe Belden gave Nixon and Humphrey each thirty percent of the vote and Wallace twenty-five percent. In the period between Belden's poll and the election, Wallace lost considerable support to Humphrey, owing chiefly to Democrat Preston Smith's "resolutely law-and-order" campaign for the governorship.
This, along with strong loyalty of Texas Democrats much more conservative than the liberal Humphrey, was sufficient to allow the Democrats to carry the state. Wallace, rivaling the two major party nominees in early polls, came in a distant third, with 18.97% of the vote, his lowest in any former Confederate state. Wallace did win 21 of Texas' 254 counties, enough for him to carry one congressional district. Wallace's base of support was in rural East Texas, more culturally tied to the Deep South than the rest of the state, although he did carry four counties in the West Texas region, with Loving County being the westernmost county in the country to vote for Wallace; as of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last occasion the following counties have supported the Democratic candidate: Blanco, Nacogdoches and Scurry. The 1968 election is the last when the following Wallace counties have not voted Republican: Crane, Glasscock and Rusk, it was the only election between 1924 and 2012 when Val Verde County backed a losing presidential candidate.
This was the last time a Republican won the presidency while losing Texas
2012 United States presidential election in Texas
The 2012 United States presidential election in Texas took place on November 6, 2012, as part of the 2012 General Election in which all 50 states plus The District of Columbia participated. Texas voters chose 38 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama and his running mate, Vice President Joe Biden, against Republican challenger and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and his running mate, Congressman Paul Ryan. Mitt Romney won the state of Texas with 57.17%, over Barack Obama's 41.38%, a margin of 15.78%. As in past elections, President Obama and the Democrats dominated the Rio Grande Valley and won the major urban centers of Austin, El Paso, San Antonio, Houston, but Republicans were able to overwhelm the urban vote by sweeping the vast rural areas and suburbs of Texas by large margins. In the process Mitt Romney beat George W. Bush's 2004 record of the most votes for a presidential candidate in Texas, a record surpassed in 2016 by Donald Trump.
By receiving 95.86 percent of the vote in King County, Romney recorded the highest proportion of any county's vote cast for one candidate since Barry Goldwater received between 95.92 and 96.59 percent of the vote in seven Mississippi counties during the 1964 election – although this occurred when African-American majorities in these counties had been totally disenfranchised for seven-and-a-half decades. Candidate Ballot Access: Barack Obama /Joseph Biden, Democratic Mitt Romney/Paul Ryan, Republican Gary Johnson/James P. Gray, Libertarian Jill Stein/Cheri Honkala, GreenWrite-In Candidate Access: Virgil Goode/Jim Clymer, Constitution Rocky Anderson/Luis J. Rodriguez, Justice Andre Barnett/Ken Cross, Reform The 2012 Texas Democratic Primary was held on May 29, 2012. Incumbent Barack Obama, running for the nomination without any major opposition, won the primary with 88.18% of the vote, was awarded all of Texas' 287 delegates to the 2012 Democratic National Convention. The Republican primary was held May 29, 2012.152 delegates were chosen, for a total of 155 delegates to go to the national convention.
The election was scheduled to take place on Super Tuesday, March 6. Due to litigation over the state's redistricting following the 2010 United States Census, it was rescheduled for April 3; that date became uncertain and the primary was expected to be held, at the earliest, in late May 2012, with both May 22 and May 29 being proposed. U. S. District Court judge Xavier Rodriguez, one of the three judges overseeing the litigation, had suggested a June 26 date for the election. On March 1, 2012, the court issued an order setting the date of the primary to May 29, 2012. Republican Party presidential debates, 2012 Republican Party presidential primaries, 2012 Results of the 2012 Republican Party presidential primaries Texas Republican Party The Green Papers for Texas The Green Papers major state elections in chronological order