1886 Argentine presidential election
The Argentine presidential election of 1886 was held on 11 April to choose the president of Argentina. Miguel Juárez Celman was elected president. Confident of his authority following six years of peace and prosperity, President Roca was by known for his shrewdness as "the fox." Enjoying the support of the agricultural elites - as well as of the London financial powerhouse, Barings Bank - Roca daringly fielded his son-in-law, Córdoba Province Governor Miguel Juárez Celman, as the PAN candidate for president. A number of distinguished candidates appeared, including Buenos Aires Governor Dardo Rocha and Foreign Minister Bernardo de Irigoyen. Roca tolerated no opposition against his dauphin, selected nearly unanimously on 11 April 1886. Cámara de Senadores - Sesiones de 1886. Buenos Aires: Cámara de Diputados. 1932. Pp. 267–270. Duhalde, Eduardo Luis. Acción Parlamentaria de John William Cooke. Buenos Aires: Colihue. P. 232. ISBN 978-950-563-460-6. Lorenzo, Celso Ramón. Manual de Historia Constitucional Argentina, Volumen 3.
Rosario: Editorial Juris. P. 12. ISBN 950-817-111-1. Rosa, José María. Historia Argentina, Tomo VIII: El Régimen. Buenos Aires: Editorial Oriente S. A. p. 119. "Historia Electoral Argentina, p. 58". Www.mininterior.gov.ar. Ministry of the Interior. December 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2017
1924 Argentine legislative election
The Argentine legislative elections of 1924 were held on 7 March. Voters chose their legislators and numerous governors, with a turnout of 44.2%, it produced the following results:: Excludes two seats left vacant until 1926.: Senator from San Juan rejected by Senate. President Hipólito Yrigoyen finished his term of office in 1922 with a prosperous economy, soaring popularity and content with leaving the Casa Rosada with his Ambassador to France, Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear; the scion of one of Argentina's traditional landed families, the well-mannered Alvear placated Yrigoyen's fears of losing control over the Radical Civic Union, a risk he insured himself against by placing his personal friend and former Buenos Aires Police Chief, Elpidio González, as Alvear's Vice-President. Alvear continued his predecessor's social and economic policies, including much-needed labor and pension laws, anti-trust legislation, supporting Yrigoyen's landmark state oil concern, YPF. Citing Yrigoyen's 18 gubernatorial removals, they contended that the former president had imposed a "personality cult", established the Antipersonalist UCR.
The schism became official in 1924, when the two factions presented different candidates for that year's congressional elections. The Antipersonalists were themselves beset by disunity, however. Five "dissident" UCR groups presented candidates in 1924, representing provincial interests as they did, no one faction could claim the "antipersonalist" mantle; these differed not only in their geography. The most well-established group, led by Senator Leopoldo Melo and endorsed by President Alvear, were associated with the landowning elite that of Buenos Aires Province, incorporated much of the declining Conservative Party, were the least amenable to reform; the leader of the Unified UCR, Santa Fe Governor Enrique Mosca, was conservative, whereas the Mendoza faction, led by Governor Carlos Washington Lencinas, was more liberal than Yrigoyen's own. An acrimonious campaign atmosphere, as well as a shortage of prescient issues amid continuing prosperity, helped result in the lowest turnout since the advent of universal suffrage.
Yrigoyen's UCR bore the brunt of the resulting losses, giving up 19 seats in the Lower House, and, in contests held in April, 1925, 6 of their 15 seats in the Senate. The party won only in Buenos Aires Province, where the opposition remained dominated by the Conservatives; the UCR's losses were most notable in the City of Buenos Aires, where the Socialist Party regained majorities in both the congressional delegation and City Council they had lost to the UCR in 1918. Provincial parties did well, deprived the UCRA of benefiting from the shift; the elections handed no one faction of the fragmented UCR a victory. The real winner, was arguably President Alvear himself, who, by both default and reputation, would now be the final arbiter over the many, ongoing disputes between Antipersonalists, who nursed old wounds dating from Yrigoyen's "interventions," and Yrigoyen's faction of the UCR, who staked their future on the populist leader's return to the Presidency in 1928
1854 Argentine presidential election
The Argentine presidential election of 1854 was held on 20 February to choose the first president of the Argentine Confederation for the period 1854-1860. Justo José de Urquiza was elected president by a wide margin, it was the first presidential election after the unification of the country in 1852, after Justo José de Urquiza defeated Juan Manuel de Rosas at the Battle of Caseros on 3 February 1852. The State of Buenos Aires seceded on 11 September 1852 and did not participate in elections until 1862. Congreso General Constituyente de la Confederación Argentina - Sesión de 1852-54. Buenos Aires: Imprenta del Orden. 1871. Pp. 405–409. Barreto Constantín, Ana María. Vida de un Caudillo. Buenos Aires: Editorial Dunken. P. 48. ISBN 978-9870276968. Lorenzo, Celso Ramón. Manual de Historia Constitucional Argentina, Volumen 2. Rosario: Editorial Juris. P. 228. ISBN 950-817-064-6. "Historia Electoral Argentina, p. 58". Www.mininterior.gov.ar. Ministry of the Interior. December 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2017
1951 Argentine general election
The Argentine general election of 1951, the first to have enfranchised women at the national level, was held on 11 November. Voters chose both the President of Argentina and their legislators and with a turnout of 88.0%, it produced the following results: Note: The 1949 Constitution abolished the Electoral College. President Juan Perón had become President for the first time in June 1946, his popularity was riding high following five years of social reforms and a vigorous public works program, faced intensifying opposition during 1951. His decision to expropriate the conservative La Prensa, though lauded by the CGT labor union, damaged his standing elsewhere at home and his reputation in the World, as did the climate of political liberties: the opposition UCR's nominee, Congressman Ricardo Balbín, had spent much of the previous year as a political prisoner, to name one of many such examples. Economically, the year was an improvement over the 1949-50 recession and saw the completion of a number of landmark public works and the inaugural of Channel 13, the first regular broadcast station in Latin America.
The UCR and other parties in opposition and deprived of access to the media, boycotted a number of Congressional races and all Senate races, as well. The vice president, Hortensio Quijano, had requested leave from the campaign due to failing health and, on August 22, the CGT organized a rally on Buenos Aires' massive Ninth of July Avenue in support of the influential first lady Eva Perón as her husband's running mate, though unbeknownst to the crowd, the popular Evita was, like Quijano and thus refused the acclamation. Quijano reluctantly stayed on; these ill-considered attacks, the Peróns' popularity and their control of much of the media combined to give the Peronist Party a landslide in this, the first Argentine national election in which the vote was extended to women. Todo Argentina Peronist Party: President Juan Perón of Buenos Aires Province Radical Civic Union: Congressman Ricardo Balbín of Buenos Aires Province
1860 Argentine presidential election
The Argentine presidential election of 1860 was held on 6 February to choose the second president of the Argentine Confederation. Santiago Derqui was elected president; the Buenos Aires Province seceded from the Confederation as the State of Buenos Aires on 11 September 1852 and did not participate in elections until 1862. Cámara de Senadores - Actas de las Sesiones del Paraná Correspondientes al Año de 1860. Buenos Aires: Imprenta de la Nación. 1887. Pp. 8–11. Barreto Constantín, Ana María. Vida de un Caudillo. Buenos Aires: Editorial Dunken. P. 54. ISBN 978-9870276968. Lorenzo, Celso Ramón. Manual de Historia Constitucional Argentina, Volumen 3. Rosario: Editorial Juris. Pp. 4–5. ISBN 950-817-111-1. "Sucedió un 6 de febrero". Facebook Archivo General de la Provincia de Entre Ríos. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2017. "Historia Electoral Argentina, p. 58". Www.mininterior.gov.ar. Ministry of the Interior. December 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2017
2011 Argentine general election
Argentina held national presidential and legislative elections on Sunday, 23 October 2011. Incumbent president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner secured a second term in office after the Front for Victory won just over half of the seats in the National Congress. Mercosur Parliamentarians were popularly elected for the first time. Another novelty was the introduction of open and mandatory primaries; these took place 14 August 2011 to select the candidates of each political coalition. The nation's myriad parties forged seven coalitions, of which five became contenders for a possible runoff election: Front for Victory: the ruling party, led by President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, allies, including the New Encounter; the FpV is based on the center-left Justicialist Party factions that support the current government. Federal Peronism, or Dissident Peronism: centrist or conservative PJ figures opposed to the government and allies, including the Republican Proposal; this coalition remained divided between Eduardo Duhalde's Popular Front and Alberto Rodríguez Saá's Federal Commitment both before and after the August primaries.
Union for Social Development: the Radical Civic Union, led by Congressman Ricardo Alfonsín, allies, which included Federal Peronist Francisco de Narváez. Broad Progressive Front: the Socialist Party, led by Governor Hermes Binner, allies, including GEN and the New Party. Proyecto Sur had joined this coalition. Civic Coalition: the party, led by Congresswoman Elisa Carrió, had been part of the Civic and Social Agreement, but separated from the latter in August 2010. Other coalitions of note include the Workers' Left Front, led by Jorge Altamira, Proyecto Sur, led by Pino Solanas; the Civic and Social Agreement was an alliance between the UCR and most of what became the Progressive Ample Front and the Civic Coalition, with other, minor allies. This coalition proved unwieldy as the 2011 campaign progressed, though various forms of it will be retained in certain provinces for strategic purposes; the Front for Victory candidate for the Justicialist Party primaries was current President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.
Her husband and predecessor, Néstor Kirchner, was considered a top candidate to succeed Fernández until his death on 27 October 2010. Fernández had suffered a significant decline in approval during the 2008 Argentine government conflict with the agricultural sector and the subsequent recession, the ruling Front for Victory lost its absolute majority in both houses of Congress during the June 2009 mid-term elections; the economy, her approval ratings, recovered during 2010, the 2011 electoral season began with Fernández' job approval at around 58 percent, with polling indicating that she would be reelected in the first round. Fernández avoided committing herself to running for a second term during the early months of 2011. Two days before the 23 June deadline, she announced her decision to run for reelection, she nominated Amado Boudou, as her running mate on 25 June. Their ticket won a landslide victory in the 14 August primaries, obtaining just over 50% and besting the runner-up by nearly 38%.
Support for Fernández was strongest among the poor and those aged 30 to 44. Her support was weakest among the upper middle class, though she remained over 24% ahead of the runner-up among those polled within that segment; the leaders of the center-right Federal Peronism were torn between running for primary elections within the PJ against the Front for Victory, or running instead in the general election through another political alliance. Former President Eduardo Duhalde was the first to informally start his pre-candidacy campaign, announcing hypothetical cabinet picks as early as December 2009; the Governors of Chubut, Mario Das Neves, of San Luis, Alberto Rodríguez Saá, as well as former Governor of Buenos Aires Province Felipe Solá stated their intention to run for president. Das Neves became the first Federal Peronist to drop out, while Solá boosted his own prospects by securing an alliance with the conservative Republican Proposal on 16 May. Duhalde narrowly defeated Rodríguez Saá in a Buenos Aires Federal Peronism primary held on 22 May, though both men remained front-runners for their party's nomination.
Each ran on separate Federal Peronist tickets. Duhalde formally announced his Popular Union candidacy on 9 June, nominating Das Neves as his running mate. Rodríguez Saá, in turn, nominated former Santa Fe Governor José María Vernet as his running mate on his Federal Commitment ticket. Solá, who struggled in the polls, withdrew on 11 June, encouraging local candidates in his fold to form alliances with Duhalde and the party's candidate for Buenos Aires Governor, Francisco de Narváez. De Narváez endorsed Rodríguez Saá. Support for Duhalde was strongest among weakest among young voters. Rodríguez Saá polled best among upper middle class voters and those age 30 to 44; the center-left Radical Civic Union had scheduled primaries for 28 April. Both Ricardo Alfonsín, son of the late former President Raúl Alfonsín, current party leader Ernesto Sanz started pre-candidacy campaigns. Vice President Julio Cobos, considered a UCR primary candidate, had stated his intention to run only in August, during the coalition primaries.
The UCR and the Socialist Party (partners in the Civic and
1928 Argentine general election
The Argentine general election of 1928 was held on 1 April, with a turnout of 80.9%. Former President Hipólito Yrigoyen's differences with his successor and erstwhile ally, Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, persuaded him to campaign for the presidency again. Doing so meant overcoming a host of obstacles, however: his "Antipersonalist" opposition within the UCR, though divided, eroded his allies' majority in Congress from 91 seats to 72 in 1924 and 60 in 1926, he himself was 78 and in declining health; these developments encouraged not only the Antipersonalists, but conservatives, who united behind Julio A. Roca's Rightist Confederation; the Governor of the important Córdoba Province, Roca was the son of General Julio Roca, who had dominated the country politically between 1880 and 1906 and, in the minds of their supporters, recalled a certain nostagia for the pastoral Argentina of the time. President Alvear's Antipersonalist UCR nominated the leader of the 1924 dissension that created the movement, Senator Leopoldo Melo.
Melo underscored the conservative bent of his campaign by naming Senator Vicente Gallo as his running mate. The Socialists, who vied for the majority in the Buenos Aires City Legislature, themselves balked at the possibility of victory in 1928 and split during their 1927 convention over Senator Juan B. Justo's intransigent leadership of the party. Senator Justo died in January 1928, the party presented two tickets: the Authentic Socialists, led by Congressman Mario Bravo and running only in the City of Buenos Aires, the more conservative Independent Socialists, led Justo's running-mate, former University of La Plata Director José Nicolás Matienzo. Election night was a referendum on the charismatic Yrigoyen, as well as on the positive memories voters had of 1916—22 term. Yrigoyen had further built on this sentiment by focusing debate in the closing days of the campaign on the future of YPF, thereby presenting himself as its best defense against the oil concern's chief antagonist, Standard Oil.
His ticket swept the polls, recovering the majority it enjoyed in the Lower House in the early 1920s, winning 5 of 10 contested Senate seats. His faction won majorities in all major districts: the City of Buenos Aires, in Buenos Aires, Córdoba and Santa Fe Provinces. Mendoza Province, which remained in the reformist former Governor Carlos Washington Lencinas' Dissident UCR column, continued to be denied its two Senators by the body, itself. Bravo's Authentic Socialists lost to Matienzo's splinter ticket. Roca's Unified Front, which lost in their home province of Córdoba, had endorsed the Antipersonalist UCR Melo-Gallo ticket, pledged their 20 electors to the latter in a symbolic alliance. Minor and provincial parties, for their part, opted instead to abstain from casting most of their combined 84 electoral votes, thereby creating the largest such deficit in the history of the Argentine Electoral College. Yrigoyen's running mate, Francisco Beiró, died before taking office, Córdoba Governor Enrique Martínez was elected to the post by the electoral college.
Yrigoyen was sworn in on October 12, 1928. Radical Civic Union: Former President Hipólito Yrigoyen of the city of Buenos Aires Antipersonalist Radical Civic Union/United Front: Senator Leopoldo Melo of Entre Ríos Province Socialist Party: Senator Mario Bravo of Tucumán Province Independent Socialist Party: Former Minister of Labor José Nicolás Matienzo of Buenos Aires Province a) Parties nominating the Leopoldo Melo-Vicente Gallo ticket. B) Abstentions.: Barred by the Senate for political reasons.