Samuel Jackson Snead was an American professional golfer who was one of the top players in the world for most of four decades. Snead won a record 82 PGA Tour events, including seven majors and he never won the U. S. Open, though he was runner-up four times. Sneads nickname was Slammin Sammy, and he was admired by many for having the so-called perfect swing, which generated many imitators. Snead was famed for his image, wearing a straw hat, and making such statements as Keep close count of your nickels and dimes, stay away from whiskey. He was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974, born in Ashwood, near Hot Springs, Snead began caddying at age seven at The Homestead in Hot Springs. He worked as an assistant pro at The Homestead at 19, Snead joined the PGA Tour in 1936, and achieved immediate success by winning the West Virginia Closed Pro tournament. In 1936 he won two matches at the Meadow Brook Club, earning a $10,000 fee and this gave him the money he needed to start playing professionally full-time.
In 1944 he became pro at The Greenbrier Resort in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. Snead served in the U. S. Navy during World War II from 1942 to 1944 and he was an athletic specialist in Cmdr. Gene Tunneys program in San Diego, and was given a discharge for a back injury in September 1944. In 1936, Snead won his first tournament, the West Virginia Closed Pro, contested at The Greenbriers Championship Course and he shot rounds of 70-61 to rout Logan, West Virginia, pro Clem Weichman by 16 strokes. Later that summer, he won the first of 17 West Virginia Open championships by beating Art Clark by five strokes at Guyan Country Club in Huntington, West Virginia. In 1937, Sneads first full year on the Tour, he won five events, in 1938, Snead first won the Greater Greensboro Open, the first of eight times, the Tour record for victories of a single tournament event. Sneads last win at Greensboro was in 1965, at the age of 52 years,311 days, in 1937, while working at The Greenbrier, Snead played in the U. S.
In the first round he faced eventual winner Karel Kozeluh, losing to Kozeluh by scores of 6-1, 6-1, the year 1939 was the first of several times where Snead failed at crucial moments of the U. S. Open, the only major event he never won. Needing par to win, but not knowing that, since on-course scoreboards did not exist at that time, Snead had been told on the 18th tee by a spectator that he needed a birdie to win. At the U. S. Open in 1947, Snead missed a 30-inch putt on the final hole to lose to Lew Worsham. In 1950, he won 11 events, placing him third in that category behind Byron Nelson and his scoring average of 69.23 was a PGA Tour record that stood for 50 years until broken by Tiger Woods in 2000
Lee Buck Trevino is a retired American professional golfer regarded as one of the greatest players in professional golf history, and the greatest Hispanic golfer of all time. He was inducted to the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1981, Trevino won six major championships and 29 PGA Tour events over the course of his career. He is one of four players to twice win the U. S. Open, The Open Championship. The only major that eluded him was the Masters Tournament and he is an icon for Mexican Americans, and is often referred to as The Merry Mex and Supermex, both affectionate nicknames given to him by other golfers. Born in Dallas, into a family of Mexican ancestry, Trevino was raised by his mother, Juanita Trevino, and his grandfather, Joe Trevino, Trevino never knew his father, Joseph Trevino, who left when his son was small. Trevinos childhood consisted of attending school occasionally and working to earn money for the family, at age 5, he started working in the cotton fields. Trevino was introduced to golf when his uncle gave him a few golf balls and he spent his free time sneaking into nearby country clubs to practice, and began as a caddy at the Dallas Athletic Club, near his home.
Trevino had to school at 14 to go to work. He earned $30 a week as a caddy and shoe shiner and he was able to practice golf, since the caddies had three short holes behind their shack. After work, he would hit at least 300 balls, part of his time was spent playing golf with Marine Corps officers. He played successfully in Armed Forces golf events in Asia, where one rival was Orville Moody, after his discharge, Trevino became a club professional back in Texas in El Paso, and made extra money by gambling for stakes in head-to-head matches. He qualified for the U. S. Open in 1966, made the cut and he qualified again in 1967 and shot 283, eight shots behind champion Jack Nicklaus, and only four behind runner-up Arnold Palmer. Trevino earned $6,000 for finishing fifth, which earned him Tour privileges for the rest of the 1967 season and he won $26,472 as a rookie, 45th on the PGA Tour money list, and was named Rookie of the Year by Golf Digest. The fifth-place finish at the U. S. Open earned him an exemption into the years event.
In 1968, his year on the circuit, Trevino won the U. S. Open at Oak Hill Country Club, in Rochester, New York, four strokes ahead of runner-up Nicklaus. During his career, Trevino won 29 times on the PGA Tour and he was at his best in the early 1970s, when he was Jack Nicklauss chief rival. He won the money list title in 1970, and had six wins in 1971, Trevino had a remarkable spell during a span of 20 days in the summer of 1971. He defeated Nicklaus in an 18-hole playoff to win the 1971 U. S. Open, two weeks later, he won the Canadian Open, and the following week won The Open Championship, becoming the first player to win those three titles in the same year
Arnold Daniel Palmer was an American professional golfer who is generally regarded as one of the greatest players in the sports history. Dating back to 1955, he won numerous events on both the PGA Tour and the now known as PGA Tour Champions. Nicknamed The King, he was one of golfs most popular stars and its most important trailblazer, the first superstar of the television age. Palmer was part of The Big Three in golf during the 1960s, along with Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player and he collected seven major titles in a six-plus-year domination, from the 1958 Masters to the 1964 Masters. He won the PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award in 1998, Palmer was born in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, a working-class steel mill town, the son of Doris and Milfred Jerome Deacon Palmer. Palmer attended Wake Forest College on a golf scholarship and he left upon the death of close friend Bud Worsham and enlisted in the U. S. Coast Guard, where he served for three years and had some time to continue to hone his golf skills.
After his enlistment term ended, Palmer returned to college and competitive golf, by 1954 he was about to turn professional after winning at the U. S. Amateur in Detroit. That victory was the point in my life, he said. It gave me confidence I could compete at the highest level of the game, when reporters there asked Gene Littler who the young golfer was that was cracking balls on the practice tee, Littler said, Thats Arnold Palmer. Hes going to be a player some day. When he hits the ball, the earth shakes, after winning that match, Palmer stopped the job he had at the time of selling paint, and played in the Waite Memorial tournament in Shawnee-on-Delaware, Pennsylvania. There, he met his wife, Winifred Walzer, and they would remain married for 45 years. On November 17,1954, Palmer announced his intentions to turn pro, what other people find in poetry, I find in the flight of a good drive, Palmer said. Palmers first tour win was the 1955 Canadian Open, where he earned $2,400 for his efforts and he raised his game status for the next several seasons.
Palmers charisma was a factor in establishing golf as a compelling television event in the 1950s and 1960s. Palmer is credited by many for securing the status of The Open Championship among U. S. players, Palmer wanted to emulate the feats of Bobby Jones, Sam Snead and Hogan before him to become a leading American golfer. In particular, Palmer traveled to Scotland in 1960, having won both the Masters and U. S. Open, to try to emulate Hogans feat of 1953. Palmer played what he called the four best rounds of his career
The PGA Tour is the organizer of the main professional golf tours played primarily by men in the United States and North America. It is headquartered in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, a suburb of Jacksonville, the remaining events on the PGA Tour are run by different organizations, as are the U. S. -based LPGA Tour for women and the other mens and womens professional tours around the world. The tour began 88 years ago in 1929 and at times the tournament players had attempted to operate independently from the club professionals. With an increase of revenue in the late 1960s due to expanded television coverage, the tour players wanted larger purses, where the PGA desired the money to go to the general fund to help grow the game at the local level. Following the final major in July 1968 at the PGA Championship, several leading tour pros voiced their dissatisfaction with the venue, the increased friction resulted in a new entity in August, what would eventually become the PGA Tour. Tournament players formed their own organization, American Professional Golfers, Inc.
independent of the PGA of America, the board consisted of four tour players, three PGA of America executives, and three outside members, initially business executives. Joseph Dey, the recently retired USGA executive director, was selected by the board as the tours first commissioner in January 1969 and he was succeeded by tour player Deane Beman in early 1974, who served for twenty years. The name officially changed to the PGA Tour in 1975, Beman was succeeded by commissioner Tim Finchem in June 1994. On January 1,2017, Jay Monahan succeeded Finchem as commissioner, in late August 1981, the PGA Tour had a marketing dispute with the PGA of America and officially changed its name to the TPA Tour, for the Tournament Players Association. The disputed issues were resolved within seven months and the name was changed back to the PGA Tour in March 1982. Without the tour players, the PGA of America became primarily an association of club professionals, both events are very important revenue streams for the PGA of America.
Due to the multiplicity of names, there is confusion as to what the PGA Tour organization does and does not run. Of the events in the PGA Tour schedule, it not run any of the four major championships. The PGA of America, not the PGA Tour, runs the PGA Championship, the Senior PGA Championship, and co-organizes the Ryder Cup with Ryder Cup Europe, a company controlled by the PGA European Tour. Additionally, the PGA Tour is not involved with the womens golf tours in the U. S. which are controlled by the LPGA. The PGA Tour is not the body for the game of golf in the United States, instead, is the role of the United States Golf Association. What the PGA Tour does organize are the remaining 43 week-to-week events, including The Players Championship and it runs the main tournaments on five other tours, PGA Tour Champions, the Web. com Tour, PGA Tour Canada, PGA Tour China, and PGA Tour Latinoamérica. The PGA Tour operates six tours, three of them are primarily contested in the U. S. and the other three are international developmental tours centered on a specific country or region
Hale S. Irwin is an American professional golfer. He was one of the leading golfers from the mid-1970s to the mid-1980s. He is one of the few players in history to win three U. S. Opens, becoming the oldest ever U. S. Open champion in 1990 at the age of 45. Along with Gary Player, David Graham, Bernhard Langer and Justin Rose and he has developed a career as a golf course architect. Irwin was born in Joplin and raised in Baxter Springs and Boulder and his father introduced him to the game of golf when he was 4 years old. He broke 70 for the first time at the age of 14, Irwin was a star athlete in football and golf at Boulder High School and graduated in 1963. Irwin attended the University of Colorado, where he was a two-time All-Big Eight defensive back and he won the individual NCAA Division I Championship in golf in his senior year in 1967 and turned professional the following year. Irwin had 20 victories on the PGA Tour beginning with the 1971 Sea Pines Heritage Classic and finishing with the 1994 MCI Heritage Golf Classic and his 1994 Heritage win at the age of nearly 49 made him one of the oldest winners in Tour history.
Irwins tournament victories kept him ranked high among his peers - he was ranked among the top five in McCormacks World Golf Rankings in every year from 1975 to 1979 and he ranked in the top-10 of the Official World Golf Rankings for a few weeks in 1991. Irwins first U. S. Open triumph came at Winged Foot in 1974 at the age of 29. In what became known as The Massacre at Winged Foot, Irwin won with a score of 7-over par, the course conditions at Winged Foot in 1974 were described as brutal. Irwin, said in 1974, Ive always enjoyed playing tough courses and its much more of a challenge to me. Irwin earned $35,000 for his victory at Winged Foot, Irwin won the Piccadilly World Match Play Championship at Wentworth Club in 1974 and 1975. He missed out on a third straight victory when he was beaten in the 1976 final by Australian David Graham on the second sudden-death playoff hole. Between 1974 and 1977, Irwin had four consecutive top-5 finishes at The Masters, in 1977, Irwins three wins on the PGA Tour included a five shot victory in the Colgate Hall of Fame Classic at Pinehurst Resort.
Irwin shot a brilliant second round of 62 at Pinehurst for a 15-under par opening 36-hole total of 127, Irwin demonstrated great consistency during the late 1970s. For four years between January 1975 to the end of the 1978 season, Irwin made the cut in 86 consecutive PGA Tour events. To date, this is the fourth longest streak of consecutive cuts made on the PGA Tour, behind Tiger Woods, Byron Nelson, Irwin added a second U. S. Open title in 1979 at Inverness Club
2012 U.S. Open (golf)
The 2012 United States Open Championship was the 112th U. S. Open, played June 14–17 at the Olympic Club in San Francisco, California. Webb Simpson won his first major title, one ahead of runners-up Graeme McDowell. This was the fifth U. S. Open at the Olympic Club, in 1955, unheralded Jack Fleck defeated Ben Hogan in an 18-hole playoff. In 1966, Billy Casper staged one of the greatest comebacks in U. S. Open history, erasing a seven-stroke deficit on the nine holes to tie Arnold Palmer. In 1987, Scott Simpson won by a stroke over 8-time major winner Tom Watson, in 1998, Lee Janzen won his second U. S. Open, one stroke ahead of Payne Stewart. Now, only the top 60 players, plus those tied, would make the cut, about half the field each year consists of players who are fully exempt from qualifying for the U. S. Open. The players who have qualified for the 2012 U. S. Open are listed below, each player is classified according to the first category in which he qualified, but other categories are shown in parentheses.
The qualification categories changed substantially in 2012 and these categories exempted top finishers on the money lists of various tours and multiple PGA Tour winners. Three categories were added, for the winners of The Amateur Championship, the Mark H. McCormack Medal, two categories were expanded, to include the top 60 instead of the top 50 in the Official World Golf Ranking. Last 10 U. S. Open ChampionsÁngel Cabrera, Michael Campbell, Jim Furyk, Lucas Glover, Retief Goosen, Graeme McDowell, Rory McIlroy, Geoff Ogilvy, Tiger Woods 2. Top two finishers in the 2011 U. S. AmateurPatrick Cantlay Kelly Kraft forfeited his invitation by turning pro in April 2012, winner of the 2011 British Amateur Bryden Macpherson forfeited his invitation by turning pro in April 2012. Winner of the 2011 Mark H. McCormack Medal 5, last five Masters ChampionsTrevor Immelman, Phil Mickelson, Charl Schwartzel, Bubba Watson 6. Last five British Open ChampionsStewart Cink, Pádraig Harrington, Louis Oosthuizen Darren Clarke withdrew after a groin injury, last five PGA ChampionsKeegan Bradley, Martin Kaymer, Y. E.
Yang 8. J. Choi, Tim Clark, Matt Kuchar 9, winner of the 2012 BMW PGA ChampionshipLuke Donald 10. Top 10 finishers and ties in the 2011 U. S. OpenKevin Chappell, Jason Day, Sergio García, Robert Garrigus, Peter Hanson, paul Casey withdrew after a shoulder injury. Top 60 on the Official World Golf Ranking list as of June 11, 2012Branden Grace, a. Jordan Spieth replaced Brandt Snedeker. At 14, Zhang became the youngest golfer to compete in the U. S. Open since at least World War II, Alternates are drawn from the sectional qualifiers. S. Open Coverage on the PGA Tours official site Coverage on the European Tours official site United States Golf Association
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural and financial center of Northern California. It is the birthplace of the United Nations, the California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856, after three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines, San Francisco is the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. Dolby, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Pinterest, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation, as of 2016, San Francisco is ranked high on world liveability rankings.
The earliest archaeological evidence of habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the system gradually ended, and its lands became privatized. In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first independent homestead, together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, and the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7,1846, during the Mexican–American War, montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco on January 30 of the next year, despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography. The California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers, with their sourdough bread in tow, prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia, raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849.
The promise of fabulous riches was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor. Some of these approximately 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships and hotels, many were left to rot, by 1851 the harbor was extended out into the bay by wharves while buildings were erected on piles among the ships. By 1870 Yerba Buena Cove had been filled to create new land, buried ships are occasionally exposed when foundations are dug for new buildings. California was quickly granted statehood in 1850 and the U. S. military built Fort Point at the Golden Gate, silver discoveries, including the Comstock Lode in Nevada in 1859, further drove rapid population growth. With hordes of fortune seekers streaming through the city, lawlessness was common, and the Barbary Coast section of town gained notoriety as a haven for criminals, entrepreneurs sought to capitalize on the wealth generated by the Gold Rush
1998 U.S. Open (golf)
The 1998 United States Open Championship was the 98th U. S. Open, held June 18–21 at the Lake Course of the Olympic Club in San Francisco, California. Lee Janzen won his second U. S. Open, one ahead of runner-up Payne Stewart. Janzen became the winner at a U. S. Open at the Olympic Club to come back from seven strokes behind in the final round, Billy Casper did it in 1966. Stewart rebounded and won the title the year at Pinehurst. Four-time champion Jack Nicklaus, age 58, made the 36-hole cut at the U. S. Open for the final time. This was the fourth U. S. Open at the Lake Course of the Olympic Club, the U. S. Open returned in 2012, won by one stroke. Amateurs, Simson, Taylor, Kribel. Saturday, June 20,1998 Sunday, June 21,1998 Amateurs, Matt Kuchar Final round Cumulative tournament scores, relative to parSource, Full results About. com,1998 U. S. Open USOpen. com -1998
U.S. Open (golf)
The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U. S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the second of the four championships in golf. It is staged by the United States Golf Association in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday. The U. S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, U. S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U. S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U. S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the Open Doctors who take on these projects, as with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course and local infrastructure factor into deciding which courses will host the event. The first U. S. Open was played on October 4,1895, on a course at the Newport Country Club in Newport.
It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day, ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was a 21-year-old Englishman named Horace Rawlins, who had arrived in the U. S. in January that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal, his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy. In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors. Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States, since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910 and these four players, South African Retief Goosen, New Zealander Michael Campbell, Australian Geoff Ogilvy and Argentine Ángel Cabrera, are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere.
The U. S. Open is open to any professional, Players may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. About half of the field is made up of players who are exempt from qualifying. Senior Open Top 10 finishers and ties from the previous years U. S, the exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date. Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European and these categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Brigham Young University
Brigham Young University is a private research university in Provo, United States. Approximately 99 percent of the students are members of the LDS Church, many students either delay enrollment or take a hiatus from their studies to serve as Mormon missionaries. An education at BYU is less expensive than at similar private universities, BYU offers a variety of academic programs, including liberal arts, agriculture, management and mathematical sciences and law. The university is organized into 11 colleges or schools at its main Provo campus, with certain colleges. The universitys primary focus is on education, but it has 68 masters and 25 doctoral degree programs. BYUs athletic teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are known as the BYU Cougars. Their college football team is an NCAA Division I Independent, while their other teams compete in either the West Coast Conference or Mountain Pacific Sports Federation. BYUs sports teams have won a total of fourteen national championships, on October 16,1875, Brigham Young, president of the LDS Church, personally purchased the Lewis Building after previously hinting that a school would be built in Draper, Utah, in 1867.
Hence, October 16,1875, is held as BYUs founding date. The school broke off from the University of Deseret and became Brigham Young Academy, warren Dusenberry served as interim principal of the school for several months until April 1876 when Brigham Youngs choice for principal arrived—a German immigrant named Karl Maeser. Under Maesers direction the school educated many luminaries including future U. S. Supreme Court Justice George Sutherland, the school, did not become a university until the end of Benjamin Cluffs term at the helm of the institution. At that time, the school was still privately supported by members of the community and was not absorbed and sponsored officially by the LDS Church until July 18,1896. A series of odd managerial decisions by Cluff led to his demotion, however, in his last official act, he proposed to the Board that the Academy be named Brigham Young University. The suggestion received an amount of opposition, with many members of the Board saying that the school wasnt large enough to be a university.
One opponent to the decision, Anthon H. Lund, said, in 1903 Brigham Young Academy was dissolved, and was replaced by two institutions, Brigham Young High School, and Brigham Young University. The Board elected George H. Brimhall as the new President of BYU and he had not received a high school education until he was forty. Nevertheless, he was an excellent orator and organizer, under his tenure in 1904 the new Brigham Young University bought 17 acres of land from Provo called Temple Hill. After some controversy among locals over BYUs purchase of property, construction began in 1909 on the first building on the current campus