Radio Caroline is a British radio station founded in 1964 by Ronan O'Rahilly to circumvent the record companies' control of popular music broadcasting in the United Kingdom and the BBC's radio broadcasting monopoly. Unlicensed by any government for most of its early life, it was a pirate radio station that never became illegal, although after the Marine Offences Act it became illegal for a British subject to associate with it; the Radio Caroline name was used to broadcast from international waters, using five different ships of three different owners, from 1964 to 1990, via satellite from 1998 to 2013. Since 19 August 2000, Radio Caroline has broadcast 24 hours a day via the internet and by the occasional restricted service licence, they broadcast on DAB radio in certain areas of the UK: these services are part of the Ofcom small-scale DAB+ trials. Caroline can be heard on DAB+ in Aldershot, Brighton, Norwich, London and Woking. In May 2017 Ofcom awarded the station an AM community licence to broadcast to Suffolk and north Essex.
Radio Caroline broadcasts music from the 1960s to contemporary, with an emphasis on album-oriented rock and "new" music from "carefully selected albums". On 1 January 2016, a second channel was launched called Caroline Flashback, playing pop music from the late 1950s to the early 1980s. Radio Caroline was begun by businessman Ronan O'Rahilly. O'Rahilly failed to obtain airplay on Radio Luxembourg for Georgie Fame's records because it was committed to sponsored programmes promoting major record labels. Encouraged by Scandinavian and Dutch pirates, in February 1964 O'Rahilly obtained the 702-ton former Danish passenger ferry, converted into a radio ship at the Irish port of Greenore, owned by O'Rahilly's father. At the same time, Allan Crawford's Project Atlanta was equipping the MV Mi Amigo at Greenore, where the two competed to be the first on air. Financial backing for the venture came from six investors, including John Sheffield, chairman of Norcross, Carl "Jimmy" Ross of Ross Foods, Jocelyn Stevens of Queen magazine, with which Radio Caroline shared its first office.
O'Rahilly named the station after Caroline Kennedy, daughter of U. S. President John F. Kennedy. On a fund-raising trip to the US, O'Rahilly saw a Life magazine photograph of Kennedy and his children in the Oval Office that served as the inspiration for the name "Caroline Radio". In an extant photo, Caroline Kennedy and her brother, John F. Kennedy Jr. are dancing in the oval office as their father looks on, an activity which O'Rahilly interpreted as a playful disruption of government. The Fredericia was renamed MV Caroline and anchored off Felixstowe, where it began test transmissions on Friday, 27 March 1964. On Saturday, 28 March, it began regular broadcasting at noon on 197.3 metres/1520 kHz with the opening conducted by Simon Dee. The first programme, pre-recorded, was hosted by Chris Moore. Radio Caroline's first musical theme was Jimmy McGriff's "Round Midnight", a jazz standard co-composed by Thelonious Monk. In March 1964, The Fortunes recorded Caroline. Round Midnight was confined to close down on Radio Caroline North after The World Tomorrow.
The station's slogan was Your all-day music station, it broadcast from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. seven days a week. Radio Caroline announced a wavelength of 199 metres, rhyming with the name, but was broadcasting on 197.3 metres. Stations in the UK announced the wavelength in metres, radios at that time were tuned using an analogue dial; the absence of precise digital readouts allowed for some leeway between the precise transmission frequency and the channel announced on the air. The Dutch offshore station Radio Veronica was on 192 metres and Radio Atlanta broadcast on 201. Radio Caroline's transmission output was 20 kW, achieved by linking two 10 kW Continental Electronics transmitters. Broadcasting hours were 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. to avoid competition from Radio Luxembourg. After its close-down, the station continued until after midnight; this was to avoid competition with popular television programmes. Most of Radio Caroline's pop music programmes were targeted at housewives, some programming was aimed at children.
Without serious competition, Radio Caroline gained a regular daytime audience of some 10 million. On 2 July 1964, Radio Atlanta and Radio Caroline's companies, Project Atlanta and Planet Productions. Announced the stations were to merge, with O'Rahilly as joint managing directors. Radio Atlanta closed at 8 p.m. that day. It was renamed Radio Caroline South and MV Mi Amigo remained off Frinton-on-Sea while MV Caroline broadcast as Radio Caroline North. MV Caroline sailed from Felixstowe to the Isle of Man; the only broadcast staff on board were Jerry Leighton. MV Caroline arrived at her new anchorage in Ramsey Bay on 6 July 1964; the two stations were able to cover most of the British Isles. Some programmes were pre-recorded on land and broadcast from both ships. In October 1965, O'Rahilly bought Crawford's interest in the MV Mi Amigo and engaged Tom Lodge from Radio Caroline North to make programme changes and regain the audience from Radio London. Lodge hired new DJs and introduced free-form programming which, by August 1966, had succeeded, creating an audience of 23 million.
When the US-backed Radio London arrived off the coast of England, there was an unsuccessful
St. Louis is an independent city and major inland port in the U. S. state of Missouri. It is situated along the western bank of the Mississippi River, which marks Missouri's border with Illinois; the Missouri River merges with the Mississippi River just north of the city. These two rivers combined form the fourth longest river system in the world; the city had an estimated 2017 population of 308,626 and is the cultural and economic center of the St. Louis metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in Missouri, the second-largest in Illinois, the 22nd-largest in the United States. Before European settlement, the area was a regional center of Native American Mississippian culture; the city of St. Louis was founded in 1764 by French fur traders Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau, named after Louis IX of France. In 1764, following France's defeat in the Seven Years' War, the area was ceded to Spain and retroceded back to France in 1800. In 1803, the United States acquired the territory as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
During the 19th century, St. Louis became a major port on the Mississippi River, it separated from St. Louis County in 1877, becoming an independent city and limiting its own political boundaries. In 1904, it hosted the Summer Olympics; the economy of metropolitan St. Louis relies on service, trade, transportation of goods, tourism, its metro area is home to major corporations, including Anheuser-Busch, Express Scripts, Boeing Defense, Energizer, Enterprise, Peabody Energy, Post Holdings, Edward Jones, Go Jet and Sigma-Aldrich. Nine of the ten Fortune 500 companies based in Missouri are located within the St. Louis metropolitan area; this city has become known for its growing medical and research presence due to institutions such as Washington University in St. Louis and Barnes-Jewish Hospital. St. Louis has two professional sports teams: the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball and the St. Louis Blues of the National Hockey League. One of the city's iconic sights is the 630-foot tall Gateway Arch in the downtown area.
The area that would become St. Louis was a center of the Native American Mississippian culture, which built numerous temple and residential earthwork mounds on both sides of the Mississippi River, their major regional center was at Cahokia Mounds, active from 900 to 1500. Due to numerous major earthworks within St. Louis boundaries, the city was nicknamed as the "Mound City"; these mounds were demolished during the city's development. Historic Native American tribes in the area included the Siouan-speaking Osage people, whose territory extended west, the Illiniwek. European exploration of the area was first recorded in 1673, when French explorers Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette traveled through the Mississippi River valley. Five years La Salle claimed the region for France as part of La Louisiane; the earliest European settlements in the area were built in Illinois Country on the east side of the Mississippi River during the 1690s and early 1700s at Cahokia and Fort de Chartres. Migrants from the French villages on the opposite side of the Mississippi River founded Ste.
Genevieve in the 1730s. In early 1764, after France lost the 7 Years' War, Pierre Laclède and his stepson Auguste Chouteau founded what was to become the city of St. Louis; the early French families built the city's economy on the fur trade with the Osage, as well as with more distant tribes along the Missouri River. The Chouteau brothers gained a monopoly from Spain on the fur trade with Santa Fe. French colonists used African slaves as domestic workers in the city. France, alarmed that Britain would demand French possessions west of the Mississippi and the Missouri River basin after the losing New France to them in 1759–60, transferred these to Spain as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain; these areas remained in Spanish possession until 1803. In 1780 during the American Revolutionary War, St. Louis was attacked by British forces Native American allies, in the Battle of St. Louis; the founding of St. Louis began in 1763. Pierre Laclede led an expedition to set up a fur-trading post farther up the Mississippi River.
Before Laclede had been a successful merchant. For this reason, he and his trading partner Gilbert Antoine de St. Maxent were offered monopolies for six years of the fur trading in that area. Although they were only granted rights to set-up a trading post and other members of his expedition set up a settlement; some historians believe that Laclede's determination to create this settlement was the result of his affair with a married woman Marie-Thérèse Bourgeois Chouteau in New Orleans. Laclede on his initial expedition was accompanied by Auguste Chouteau; some historians still debate. The reason for this lingering question is that all the documentation of the founding was loaned and subsequently destroyed in a fire. For the first few years of St. Louis's existence, the city was not recognized by any of the governments. Although thought to be under the control of the Spanish government, no one asserted any authority over the settlement, thus St. Louis had no local government; this led Laclede to assume a position of civil control, all problems were disposed i
1969 in music
List of notable events in music that took place in the year 1969. 1969 in British music 1969 in Norwegian music 1969 in country music 1969 in jazz 1969 was the last year in which the United States government gave greater financial support, through the National Endowment for the Arts "Music Program" to opera than it did to other classical music, the first year in which it gave any support at all to jazz and folk music. The two most famous musical events of 1969 were concerts. At a Rolling Stones concert in Altamont, California, a fan was stabbed to death by Hells Angels, a biker gang, hired to provide security for the event. In retrospect, some commentators have concluded that the violence signaled the end of the "hippie" movement, which espoused an ethos of free love and peace. More famous than the Altamont concert was the Woodstock festival, which consisted of dozens of the most famous performers in the world at the time, playing together in an atmosphere of peace with nature and love, with many thousands of concert goers.
One of those who performed was Ravi Shankar, his presence reflecting a growing interest in Indian and other Eastern music. The 1967 musical Hair generated the same-named 1968 album, whose cuts include "Aquarius" and "Let The Sunshine In", "Hair", "Good Morning Starshine", "Easy to Be Hard", others, a London Cast album released in April 1969; the Isle of Wight Festival saw the return of Bob Dylan to live music after his motorbike accident in 1966. US and UK pop music remained popular worldwide, with few European acts making the charts outside their home countries. David Bowie's "Space Oddity" became a huge hit in this year, being released at the time that American astronauts first landed on the moon; the song, the story of an astronaut named Major Tom who goes into space and is entranced by the beauty of seeing Earth from such a great distance and lets himself float off into space, never again to return, was chosen by the BBC as the theme song for the television coverage of the moon landing.
The remainder of the album, Man of Words/Man of Music, was too eccentric for mainstream acceptance, though it established a devoted fanbase for Bowie, who would go on to become one of the most popular musicians in the world. King Crimson's In the Court of the Crimson King is a pioneering album in the development of progressive rock; the album drew upon influences like Procol Harum, The Moody Blues and The Nice to form a sound melding rock and roll with classical influences in long pieces of music. Similar albums by The Moody Blues, Procol Harum and The Nice, as well as Genesis and Pink Floyd were released this year, expanding the range of prog rock and developing it into a full-fledged genre; the Stooges' eponymous debut, The Stooges, was released this year to little critical or popular acceptance. The album, went on to become one of the most important recordings in the early development of punk rock, as did Kick Out The Jams by Detroit protopunkers MC5. Johnny Cash's At San Quentin included his only Top Ten pop hit, "A Boy Named Sue".
The album was a sequel to last year's At Folsom Prison. In country music, Merle Haggard's Same Train, Different Time, a tribute to Jimmie Rodgers, was enormously popular and influenced the development of the Bakersfield sound into outlaw country within a few years. Creedence Clearwater Revival cement their success from the previous year. Having had a single US number 11 hit in 1968 with "Suzie Q", they release not only their second, but their third and fourth proper studio album in 1969, as well as drawing a total of four top 3 hits from these three albums. Starting with Bayou Country, including the US number 2 hit "Proud Mary", continuing with Green River and Willy and the Poor Boys, during the year, transformed them from an up-and-coming underground act to bona fide rockstars. During 1969, Creedence Clearwater Revival had number 2 hits in the US with "Proud Mary", "Green River" and "Bad Moon Rising", have a number 3 hit with "Down on the Corner"/"Fortunate Son". Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso released enormously popular albums in Brazil, Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso, respectively.
The pair's fusion of bossa nova and other native Brazilian folk influences, melded with politically and aware lyrics, kickstarted what came to be known as Tropicalia. Both musicians moved to London after a period of imprisonment for anti-government activities in Brazil. Family released Family Entertainment, in their native Britain, it is their first top 10 album in the United Kingdom, hitting number six. "The Weaver's Answer", which opens the record, becomes their most popular song in their concert performances. By the end of the year, they lose and replace two members, their first attempt to break through commercially in the United States backfires miserably. Elvis Presley returned to live performances at the International Hotel in Las Vegas, he enjoyed great success with his songs "In the Ghetto" and "Suspicious Minds". The Wendy Carlos album Switched-On Bach was one of the first classical albums to sell 500,000 copies, helped bring classical music into the popular sphere, as did Mason Williams' "Classical Gas", played on classical guitar, in addition to being accompanied by one of the first successful music videos.
1967 in art
The year 1967 in art involved some significant events and new works. May 14 – Dedication of Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral in England, designed by Frederick Gibberd, with stained glass by John Piper, Patrick Reyntiens and Margaret Traherne and a bronze crucifix by Elisabeth Frink. September 25 – Gilbert and George first meet while studying sculpture at St Martins School of Art in London. John Willett publishes Art in a City, a pioneering sociological study of art in a single city, Liverpool. Foundation of the Project Arts Centre, Dublin; the Maruki Gallery for the Hiroshima Panels is established in Higashimatsuyama, Japan, as a permanent home for The Hiroshima Panels. February 28–May 7 – New Documents photography exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York curated by John Szarkowski and featuring the work of Diane Arbus, Lee Friedlander and Garry Winogrand. September–October – Im Spazio at the Galleria La Bertesca, Italy, curated by Germano Celant and introducing Arte Povera. Diane Arbus – Identical Twins, New Jersey, 1967 Francis Bacon – Portrait of Isabel Rawsthorne Standing in a Street in Soho Sargis Baghdasaryan – We Are Our Mountains Max Bill – Rhythm in Space Peter Blake with Jann Haworth – Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Salvador Dalí – Tuna Fishing Edward Delaney – Wolfe Tone Jose de Rivera – Infinity Dušan Džamonja – Monument to the Revolution of the people of Moslavina Milton Glaser – Dylan Barbara Hepworth – Two Forms Eila Hiltunen – Sibelius Monument David Hockney – A Bigger Splash Richard Long – A Line Made by Walking Timothy Malone – Corten Steel Sculpture Joan Miró – The Caress of a Bird Henry Moore – sculptures Nuclear Energy Two-Piece Reclining Figure No. 9 Barnett Newman – Voice of Fire Isamu Noguchi – Sinai Pablo Picasso – Chicago Picasso Michelangelo Pistoletto – Muretto di straci Norman Rockwell – Russian Schoolroom Kenneth Snelson – Six Number Two Mark di Suvero – Are Years What? Yevgeny Vuchetich – The Motherland Calls Andy Warhol Big Electric Chair I, a Man James Wines – Three Bronze Discs David Wynne – Bird Fountains January 1 – Spencer Tunick, American photographer March 4 – Sam Taylor-Johnson, born Samantha Taylor-Wood, English-born film director and visual artist December 15 – David Černý, sculptor associated with Prague date unknown – Andy Taylor, Australian painter and printmaker January – Ary Stillman and abstract Russian-American painter January 8 – Josef Frank, Austrian-born Swedish architect and designer January 15 – David Burliuk, Russian avant-garde artists January 31 - Oscar Fischinger, German born American animator and painter February 17 – Nancy Cox-McCormack, American portrait sculptor March 31 – Jefto Perić, Serbian painter May 15 – Jessie Traill, Australian printmaker May 27 – Johannes Itten, Swiss painter August 15 – René Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter November 21 – Vladimir Lebedev, Russian painter and graphic artist November 22 – Pavel Korin, Russian painter December 12 – Mac Raboy, American illustrator December 26 – Ambrose McCarthy Patterson, Australian painter and printmaker date unknown Marguerite Huré, French stained glass artist Veljko Stanojević, Serbian painter 1967 in fine arts of the Soviet Union
1968 in music
List of notable events in music that took place in the year 1968. 1968 in British music 1968 in Norwegian music 1968 in country music 1968 in jazz January 4 – Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. January 6 – The Gibson Guitar Corporation patents its Gibson Flying V electric guitar design. January 13 – Johnny Cash performs his famous concert at Folsom State Prison in California. January 20 – The Who and the Small Faces start with a tour of Australia and New Zealand. February 1 – Universal Studios offers the Doors $500,000 to star in a feature film, never made. February 4 – The Bee Gees make their American television debut on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. February 12 – Jimi Hendrix is given an honorary high school diploma from Garfield High School in Seattle, Washington. Hendrix is given the key to the city. February 16 – The Beatles, Mike Love, Mia Farrow and others travel to India to visit Maharishi Mahesh Yogi at Rishikesh.
February 18 – David Gilmour joins Pink Floyd, replacing founder Syd Barrett, who had checked himself into a psychiatric hospital. February 21 – McGraw-Hill, Inc. outbids eight other publishers and pays $150,000 for the U. S. rights to Hunter Davies' authorized biography of the Beatles. February 22 – Florence Ballard of the Supremes is released from her contract with Motown. February 27 – Doo-wop Singer Frankie Lymon is found dead at his grandmother's house in Harlem, New York, of a heroin overdose March 1 – Johnny Cash and June Carter are married in Franklin, with Merle Kilgore as best man. March 8 – Bill Graham opens the Fillmore East in an abandoned movie theater in New York City. March 25 – The 58th and final new episode of The Monkees airs on NBC. March 30 – The Yardbirds record their live album Live Yardbirds at the Anderson Theater. April 5 – James Brown appears on national television, in an attempt to calm feelings of anger in the United States following the assassination of Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.
April 6 Pink Floyd announced that Syd Barrett, replaced two months earlier amid deteriorating mental health, had left the group. The 13th Eurovision Song Contest is held in London; the winning song, Spain's "La, la, la" is sung by Massiel, after Spanish authorities refused to allow Joan Manuel Serrat to perform it in Catalan. The UK finish in second place, just one point behind, with the song "Congratulations" sung by Cliff Richard, which goes on to outsell the winning Spanish entry throughout Europe; the Open Pibroch Competition of the Scottish Piping Society of London is held at the London Scottish headquarters at Buckingham Gate. First place is won by Robert Brown, for the ninth time in ten years, with a performance of The King's Taxes. Second prize goes to Seamus McNeill of the College of Piping, with The Bells of Perth, third prize to Pipe Major Angus MacDonald of the First Battalion, Scots Guards, with Macfarlane's Gathering, fourth prize to John MacFadyen with The Battle of Auldern. MacFadyen, wins narrowly over Brown in the second big competition, that for the Bratach Gorm, the blue banner of the MacCrimmons.
April 7 – Singer/pianist/songwriter Nina Simone's performance at Westbury Music Fair is dedicated to the late Dr Martin Luther King, Jr. The song "Why?" by Gene Taylor is performed for the first time. The show is released on the Emmy nominated album Nuff Said. April 29 – The rock musical Hair opens on Broadway at the Biltmore Theatre. May 4 – Mary Hopkin performs on the British TV show Opportunity Knocks. Hopkin catches the attention of model Twiggy. McCartney would soon sign Hopkin to Apple Records. May 5 – Buffalo Springfield performs together for the last time in Long Beach, California. May 7 Aretha Franklin records her live LP Aretha in Paris at the Olympia Theater. Karlheinz Stockhausen begins composing Aus den sieben Tagen. May 14 – At a press conference, John Lennon and Paul McCartney introduce the Beatles' new business concept, Apple Corps, Ltd. an entertainment company that included a recording studio, a record label, clothing store. May 26 – Blues artist Little Willie John dies in prison after being convicted of manslaughter.
May 30 – The Beatles begin recording The White Album. Sessions would span over 4 months, ending on October 14. June 20 David Ruffin is fired from The Temptations due to his ego and because he began inquiring into the Temptations' financial records, demanding an accounting of the group's money. Martha Reeves & the Vandellas make their debut at the Copacabana in New York City, winning a rave review in The New York Times; the engagement remains in the Motown vaults. July – Release in Brazil of the album Tropicália: ou Panis et Circencis by Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso and others, with arrangements by Rogério Duprat, inaugurates the Tropicália movement in music. July 7 – The Yardbirds perform for the last time before disbanding. July 9–14 – The International Eisteddfod takes place in Llangollen, North Wales July 18 – Mina presents her Italian white soul hits "Se stasera sono qui" and "Colpo al cuore"; the performance is transmitted live without playback from the Auditorio A of the Radiotelevisione Italiana regional headquarters in Naples.
August 1 – Jeff Beck Group releases their album Truth. A seminal work of heavy metal, it incorporates hard rock, it introduced the talents of Ronnie Wood. August 4 – Yes performs for the first time, at a summer camp. August 5–10 – The Royal National Eisteddfod takes place in Barry, Wales. August 21 – Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia. At this evening's performance of The Proms
KSHE is a mainstream rock radio station licensed to Crestwood, Missouri which serves the Greater St. Louis area. KSHE transmits on 94.7 MHz and uses the slogan "KSHE 95, Real Rock Radio". Owned by Hubbard Broadcasting, the station's studios are located in Creve Coeur, while the transmitter is located in Shrewsbury. KSHE announced its first HD Radio subchannel, which will broadcast a 24-hour version of longtime personality John Ulett's "KSHE Klassics" show. After working as an engineer for 20 years with the Pulitzer stations, KSD and KSD-TV, Ed Ceries invested his life savings and his considerable engineering efforts in building his own FM station, which he called KSHE, he built some of the equipment himself, on February 11, 1961, the station signed on from the basement of the Ceries' home in suburban Crestwood. The station called itself "The Lady of FM," and had a classical music format. For a while, all the announcers were women. Most of the basement was used for the station operations, with the Associated Press Teletype installed next to the clothes washer.
The record library room doubled as an administrative office where Mrs. Ceries did her ironing. Listener loyalty was strong, at times they would come to the station with copies of classical selections they thought were better than the ones being played on KSHE. Advertisers were not convinced FM radio—particularly classical music on FM radio—had much of an audience. After the first year, the format was adjusted to contain about 90% middle-of-the-road music and 10% classical, with nine daily news broadcasts. In 1964, the station was sold to Century Broadcasting. New general manager Howard Grafman was convinced by his friend Ron Elz to adopt a new format that Elz had heard on a trip to San Francisco on KMPX: album-oriented rock, with high latitude given to individual DJs as to what to play. During the 1970s and early 1980s, KSHE was influential in the growth of many midwestern bands such as Styx, Cheap Trick, REO Speedwagon and Head East. KSHE had a wide and varied play list, which popularized such rock artists as Lake from Germany, Stingray from South Africa, rising bands from Australia and New Zealand like Midnight Oil and Split Enz, as well as playing the classics from the more well-known rock legends.
The first song played on KSHE in 1967 was Jefferson Airplane's "White Rabbit". KSHE sometimes played music nonstop for hours without station identification, brought to the attention of the FCC and warnings from the agency to identify as required. In late 1967,'68 and most of'69 they would play whole albums in the late afternoon and late at night any day of the week. Albums played in their entirety included such titles as The Firesign Theatre's Waiting for the Electrician or Someone Like Him, The Who's Tommy, Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band's Let's Make Up and Be Friendly, Arlo Guthrie's Alice's Restaurant, Iron Butterfly's In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida, just to name a few. KSHE would play concept albums in their entirety, as well as entire album sides from favorites such as Rush. Sunday evenings were dedicated to playing seven albums from seven different artists on a show called the Seventh Day starting in the late 1970s, a program that continues to this day; the albums were played from 7:00 pm until after midnight.
The Seventh Day concept was used by other stations around the country. Instead of the broadcast convention of reading news ripped from the Associated Press or United Press International wire machine, early KSHE newscasts introduced news topics by preceding the story with rock music excerpts that had lyrics introducing or commenting on the topic. KSHE created a virtual museum on its website as a way of celebrating its 40th birthday, it contains video clips, audio clips and memorabilia. The first inductees were Rush, Ted Nugent, REO Speedwagon. In March 2010, KSHE held its annual March Bandness—the third-longest version of this contest in the US. Along with the typical classic rock, KSHE's format includes standard modern rock. KSHE has various subgenres for various times of day, such as Hair Band Doran from 8pm-9pm weekdays and Monday Night Metal with Tom "Real Rock" Terbrock on Tuesday nights from 9 pm to midnight. At 5 pm each weekday, KSHE plays "The Daily Dose", two Led Zeppelin songs presented with trivia about their creation or notable performances of the songs.
The station mascot is a sunglasses-and-headphones-wearing pig named "Sweetmeat," the likeness of which appeared on the cover of Blodwyn Pig's 1969 album'Ahead Rings Out'. Like the pig pictured on the LP cover, Sweetmeat first appeared with a joint in his mouth; this "controversial" detail disappeared in the early'80s in favor of an updated, cartoon "rocker" pig. In recent years, the station has returned to using the original image, along with the original KSHE-95 text logo. Sweetmeat inspired the name of Austin, Texas Christian Punk/Thrash band One Bad Pig. Official website KSHE 95 Station History & KSHE Classics http://kshedjs.tripod.com/kshedjs.html http://www.stlmediahistory.com/index.php/Radio/RadioHOFDetail/elz-ron http://www.stlmediahistory.com/index.php/Radio/RadioArticles/st.-louis-vintage-rock-station-was-a-lady-first http://www.stlmediahistory.com/index.php/Radio/RadioArticles/kshe-imports-a-format-from-the-west Query the FCC's FM station database for KSHE Radio-Locator information on KSHE Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KSHE