The Liga MX is the top level of the Mexican football league system. Currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA Bancomer, it is known as Liga BBVA Bancomer. Each season, the league holds two tournaments, the Apertura, which starts in the summer, and the Clausura, which starts in the winter. As of 2017, the league comprises 18 clubs, with one being relegated every year based upon its league performances over the three years. The first 8 teams in the table at the end of the phase of the tournament qualify to the liguilla. Up until July 2011, the league was divided into 3 groups, the group formatting was removed in favor of a single-table format. The league is considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of Latin America. Of the 56 teams to have competed in the league, América have won the title a record 12 times, followed by Guadalajara, Toluca, Cruz Azul, León and Pumas UNAM, the current league champions are Tigres UANL, who won the Apertura 2016 tournament. Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national league in Mexico. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a league consisting of teams near. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Amateur de Veracruz, the Liga Occidental De Jalisco, many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was established in 1943. When the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación announced the formation of the nations first professional league, the F. M. F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor. The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, Primera Fuerza, América, Asturias, Atlante, Necaxa, and Marte. Liga Occidental De Jalisco, Atlas and Guadalajara, Liga Amateur de Veracruz, ADO, Veracruz and Moctezuma. The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale, the season following the FIFA World Cup, the F. M. F. Changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion and this was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings
Cruz Azul b, A. C, or simply Cruz Azul, is a Mexican football club that plays in the top division of Mexican football, Liga MX. The team was based in the town of Jasso, south of Tula de Allende in the state of Hidalgo. The team moved to Mexico City in 1971 to play at the Estadio Azteca and its current home venue is the Estadio Azul, located in the southwestern part of Mexico City in the Colonia Ciudad de los Deportes, adjacent the Nápoles neighborhood. Its headquarters are in La Noria, a suburb within Xochimilco in the part of Mexico City. Cruz Azul has been the Primera División champions 8 times, trailing Tolucas 10, guadalajaras 11 and Club Américas 12. According to several polls published, Cruz Azul is the third most popular team in Mexico, Cruz Azul was founded under the name of Club Deportivo Cruz Azul as an amateur team on 22 March 1927. The founders were the workers of cement maker Cemento Cruz Azul, Cemento Cruz Azul was the only official sponsor until 1997, and remains a primary sponsor through present day. The team entered competition in the Segunda División de México for the 1960–61 season. Hungarian coach Jorge Marik guided the team to the Segunda División championship for the 1963–64 season and that season ended with an eighth-place finish. Four years later, Cruz Azul won its first Primera División league tournament, betweern 1970–1980, Cruz Azul led the Primera División with six league tournament championships, four under Cárdenas and the last two under Ignacio Trelles. This powerful version of the team earned the nickname La Máquina Celeste, the team earned its eighth and most recent championship in 1997 under coach Luis Fernando Tena, beating León 2–1 on a last minute penalty kick scored by Carlos Hermosillo. This is still the quickest that a Primera División club has won eight championships, in 2001, Cruz Azul was invited to a tournament between select Mexican and Venezuelan teams that would then compete in the Copa Libertadores, a tournament of the best South American teams. The two best teams of this tournament earned immediate placement on the roster. Cruz Azul was one of the teams and reached the 2001 Copa Libertadores final match. Cruz Azul started the tournament in Group 7 along with such as Sao Caetano, Defensor Sporting. Cruz Azul finished as leader of the group with 13 points, in the round of 16 Cruz Azul faced Cerro Porteño. The first leg was played in Asunción and Cruz Azul lost 2–1, the second leg was played in Mexico and Cruz Azul won the game 3–1. The aggregate score was 4–3 in favor of Cruz Azul and they moved on to the quarterfinals, in the quarterfinals Cruz Azul faced CA River Plate of Argentina
Club Deportivo Guadalajara Spanish pronunciation, often simply known as Guadalajara, and popularly known as Chivas, is a Mexican professional football club based in Guadalajara, Jalisco. Guadalajara plays in Liga MX with 11 First Division titles,7 Campeón de Campeones,1 InterLiga,1 Copa Challenger,4 Copa Oros de Occidente, and 3 Copa México. Guadalajara is one of the ten founding members of the Mexican First Division and, along with longstanding rivals Club América, Guadalajara was the runner-up of the 2010 Copa Libertadores. Guadalajara is the football club in Mexico to exclusively field Mexican players. The teams three colors symbolize Fraternity, Union, and Sports, the team mascot, as well as their nickname, is the goat or chiva. Chivas is one of Mexicos most successful and popular teams, and holds the Mexican league record for the longest winning streak at the beginning of a season, the team was founded by Edgar Everaert, who arrived in Mexico in 1906. Their kit was modeled on that of the favourite team. Some historians assert that the colours came from the French Tricolour because some of the clubs first players were French, a few Spanish and English also became members of the Unión Football Club. On a tour of Europe, Everaert noticed that European teams named after their town or city seemed to generate more support from fans in their communities. So, in 1908, with the approval of Everaert and the players, in 1908, it was also decided that the team would only field Mexican-born players because of the growing sense of oppression Mexican nationals felt towards non-Mexican nationals. Following the aftermath of the Mexican Revolution, amateur football tournaments throughout the country flourished, between 1906 and 1943, Guadalajara won 13 amateur titles, the first in 1908. Also during this period, the oldest rivalry in Mexican football began to form, in 1943 the Liga Mayor was founded after the merging of several regional leagues and the era of professional football began. Guadalajara struggled during the years, with the exception of the 1948–49 season when they finished third. This same year Guadalajara was given the name Chivas Locas during a game against Atlas, the name was initially considered an insult, but later adopted as the teams nickname due to the overwhelming popularity of the club. During the 1951–52 and 1954–55 seasons, the finished as runner-up in the league. Guadalajara won its first championship during this season due to a last minute goal scored by Salvador Reyes. Led by coaches such as Donald Russ and Javier de la Torre in subsequent years and it was the only team in Mexicos football history to win four league championships in a row, during the 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, and 1961–62 seasons. During the 1970s and early 1980s, Guadalajara struggled, in the 1970–71 season, the team finished very close to the relegation zone
Deportivo Toluca F.C.
Deportivo Toluca Fútbol Club S. A. de C. V. is a professional Mexican football club. Tolucas stadium Nemesio Díez Riega is located in Toluca, State of Mexico in Mexico, Toluca plays in the Liga MX, has been champion ten times and is one of the most successful clubs of Mexico. On 12 February 1917, the brothers Román Alday and Gerardo Ferrat alongside Filiberto Navas, the Teams first official First Division game was against Atlante, in which Toluca won 2 goals by one The team won three consecutive championships in 1966 and 1967 under coach Ignacio Trelles. In 1975 Toluca won the one more time. This is the time the Mexican Championship has been decided by a round-robin, two-legged. In 1997 Enrique Ojitos Meza became the coach of the team, Toluca resurged, its tactical scheme was very offensive, which was very characteristic of its coach. It was not atypical to see scores like 5-3, the offensive idea suited perfectly the Paraguayan José Saturnino Cardozo, who became the best scorer of the league in four occasions. Toluca won the championship in 1998, the first one in twenty years, with Enrique Meza as coach, Toluca won the championship three times in a period of three years. In the Invierno 2001 tournament Ricardo La Volpe became the coach of Toluca and he, along with Cardozo and Vicente Sánchez had one of the most successful and exciting teams in years. However, La Volpe left Toluca with a few left in the season. In Apertura 2006, they tied in the first leg but suffered a loss in the Estadio Nemesio Díez against Guadalajara, in the Clausura 2007 tournament, Toluca had one of their worst seasons, finishing in last place. In the Copa Libertadores 2007, they made it to the round of 16, following the elimination from both tournaments, Gallego resigned from his position stating the need for a year off as his reason for resigning from Club Toluca. José Pekerman, former coach of the Argentine national team, was appointed as coach of Club Toluca on May 30,2007. In the Apertura 2007, Toluca had a better finish than the previous tournament. They were ultimately eliminated by league runner-up Pumas in the quarter-finals of the Apertura 2007 playoffs, Club Toluca failed to qualify for the 2008 Copa Libertadores. On the Apertura 2008, Toluca had a weak start under their new coach, Jose Manuel El Chepo De La Torre and their goalkeeper Hernan Cristante set a record by not allowing any goals for 773 minutes. Toluca would go on to win the Bicentenario 2010 tournament by beating Santos Laguna in a dramatic penalty shoot-out, earning them the cup win. Besides winning the domestic title ten times, Toluca has also been the Runner-Up of the Mexican domestic tournament six times, on the Apertura 2012, Toluca finished first place and therefore earned a place for the Copa Libertadores
Club Universidad Nacional
Club de Fútbol Universidad Nacional A. C. commonly known as Pumas de la UNAM, Pumas UNAM, U. N. A. M. Or just as Pumas, is a Mexican league football club based in Ciudad Universitaria, Club Universidad Nacional represents the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and plays their home matches at Olímpico Universitario Stadium, located on UNAMs main campus. Universidad Nacional is one of the most popular clubs in Mexico and they have won seven Primera División championships and four international titles. Club Universidad Nacional was originally a club of college students from the Universitys several schools. UNAM have evolved into one of the most popular Mexican teams and have gained an international following, the teams blue and gold colors were selected as a tribute to the University of Notre Dame, whose football coaches helped to develop an American-style football team at the university. The nickname was inspired by Roberto Tapatio Mendez, who coached the team from 1946–64, the nickname stayed with the public, and all the athletic teams representing the University have been called Pumas. Their home ground is the Estadio Olímpico Universitario, the setting for the 1968 Summer Olympic Games and it has a seating capacity of over 58,000. Olympic Academic Stadium is situated within the University campus which enables easy access by the University students, the Pumas have training facilities within the University campus but their main complex is the Cantera, located near the University. The petition was rejected in favor of Club Marte de Morelos, by the 1940s, the dean Gustavo Baz Prada assigned the task to prepare the UNAM representative to Rodolfo Butch Muñoz, then player of Club España. The new manager formed its new team members of the student body of the many schools. The UNAM representative joined many university tournaments, with successful results and this prepared the team to complete their later transition to professional status. In August 1954, the Club Universidad was accepted as a member of the Segunda División and this achievement was accomplished with the support of the dean Nabor Carrillo and Guillermo Aguilar Alvarez Sr. a benefactor of the club. Aguilar Alvarez was appointed by the dean as the chairman of the club, on September 12,1954 UNAM played its first professional game, an away match against Monterrey. After competing for three years, Club Universidad requested a moratorium in its competing in Segunda División play to undergo a programme rebuilding process. Within that year this was accomplished, hector Ortiz was appointed as the new manager of the club, and a Board of Patrons was formed. The match ended, the students rushed the pitch, and honored its team by carrying them off the field on their shoulders—this was the first step towards the consolidation of the club. José Luis González La Calaca, Lorenzo Garcia, Carlos Calderón de la Barca, Manuel Manolo Rodríguez, Edmundo El Poli Pérez, and Gustavo El Gato Cuenca. The team established itself in the Primera División, the Board of Patrons prepared for the continuation of the success by establishing youth system to develop new players