FK Željezničar Sarajevo
Fudbalski klub Željezničar is a professional football club, based in Sarajevo and Herzegovina. The name Željezničar means "railway worker", from its being established by a group of railway workers. In Bosnia, the club is traditionally known for producing talented players, rather than signing them; the club sells its most talented players at the end of each season in order to stabilize or increase its finances. During the time of the former Yugoslavia, FK Željezničar were national champions in the 1971–72 season, qualifying the club for the European Cup during the 1972–73 season where they were eliminated in the first round; the club has finished as runners-up once in the league, as well as playing in a 1980–81 Yugoslav Cup final. In Europe, the club is most famous for reaching both the UEFA Cup semi-finals during the 1984–85 season and the quarter-finals during the 1971–72 season; the club is the first Bosnian team to reach the UEFA Cup semifinals and one of the few teams to do so from Yugoslavia.
Željezničar is the most successful football team in present-day Bosnia, having won 6 Bosnian championships, 6 Bosnian Cups and 3 Bosnian Supercups. The club has never qualified for UEFA Champions League as its best finish was the 2002–03 Champions League third qualifying round, losing to Newcastle United 0–5 on aggregate, their biggest rival is FK Sarajevo with whom they contest the biggest football match in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Sarajevo derby, in which both teams have similar win-loss records and games ending in ties. According to the IFFHS list of the Top 200 European clubs of the 20th century, an organization recognized by FIFA, Željezničar is the highest ranked Bosnian club, sharing the 110th position on the list with AZ Alkmaar and Vitória de Guimarães; the club has produced many Yugoslav and Bosnian greats, including Ivica Osim, Josip Katalinski, Mišo Smajlović, Blagoje Bratić, Hajrudin Saračević, Josip Bukal, Božo Janković, Mehmed Baždarević, Edin Bahtić, Radmilo Mihajlović, Haris Škoro, Nikola Nikić, Edin Ćurić, Dželaludin Muharemović, Edin Višća, Riad Bajić and Edin Džeko.
Željezničar was formed by a group of railway workers. During the early 20th century, there were several football clubs in Sarajevo, they were rich and backed by various organizations, most of them on an ethnic basis: Bosniaks, Bosnian Croats, Bosnian Jews. But Željezničar was a club for people interested in football and fun. Since it was a financially poor club, they used to organize dance nights and all the profits made were used to buy shoes and balls. Financial problems were not the only ones; the club's multiethnicity was seen as a threat by many, so Željezničar was suppressed in various ways. Despite that, the club managed to survive, beat stronger and wealthier clubs; the first official match, a friendly, was played at Kovačići, a Sarajevo settlement, on 17 September 1921 against SAŠK Napredak which resulted in 1–5 defeat. The next day another game was played, a 1–2 loss vs Sarajevski ŠK. In 1941, World War II came to Sarajevo, every football activity was stopped. Many footballers were members of the resistance troops, some of them were killed.
After the war, Željo was reborn, in 1945–46 it won the Bosnian Republic championship, one of the 7 regional leagues formed in order to provide participants to the restored Yugoslav championship starting next season. As winners, Željezničar became one of the Bosnian representatives in the Yugoslav top-flight. Soon after, the Sarajevo citizens formed a new club called FK Sarajevo, the club that has remained a major irritant to Željezničar's fans until today; that had a devastating influence on the club, so it needed several years to come back to the first division. For most of the time, Željezničar played in the top level, it was relegated four times. In 1964, the Football Association of Yugoslavia found Željezničar guilty for match fixing. Alongside Željezničar, NK Hajduk Split and NK Trešnjevka were found guilty and were ejected from the First Yugoslav League. Among others, Željezničar players Ivica Osim and Mišo Smajlović were banned from football for one year, executives from Željezničar including club president Nusret Mahić were banned from football for life.
After a month it was decided that the clubs will stay in the league but points will be deducted, six from Željezničar and five from Hajduk and Trešnjevka each. The club first appeared in European competitions during the 1963–64 Mitropa Cup, however serious competitions had to wait until the early 1970s when the team finished the 1970–71 Yugoslav First League season in second position, a result which allowed the club to play in the 1971–72 UEFA Cup where they made the quarter-finals on their first appearance losing to Ferencvárosi in a penalty shootout. 1971–72 Yugoslav First League table: Their greatest domestic success at the time came in the 1971–72 season when the team won the championship title, their only top-tier title in the Yugoslav period, which qualified the club for the European Cup during the 1972–73 season where they were eliminated in the first round by Derby County. FK Željezničar finished in third place in the top-tier league on two occasions in a league traditionally dominated by the big four clubs.
In the 1980–81 season, Željezničar reached the Yugoslav cup final, but lost 2–3 to another Bosnian side FK Velež Mostar with both Mehmed Baždarević and Vahid Halilhodžić scoring a brace for their respective teams. The venue for the final was Stadion Crvene Zvezde in Belgrade played in front of 40,000 fa
FK Radnički 1923
Fudbalski klub Radnički 1923 known as Radnički Kragujevac, is a professional football club from Kragujevac and the major part of the Radnički Kragujevac Sports Society. The name Radnički means "Labourers'" in Serbian and its roots come from the relation the club had with labour movements during the first half of the 20th century; the club was formed in 1923, during an assembly in the Park restaurant in Kragujevac, under the name Mladi Radnik. The first club president was Aleksandar Ratković; the first match played Mladi Radnik against local club SK Triglav and lost 2–0. The first visitor for a match against Mladi Radnik was SK Radnički from Belgrade; the match was played on 16 August 1925, SK Radnički won 5–0. One week the club won its first match against Radnički Niš with 7–1. In 1929, Mladi Radnik changed its name to Radnički, an adjective invoking labour and workers in Serbian, as its roots come from the relation the club had with labour movements during the first half of the 20th century; the club's stature and significance began increasing from 1933.
It got its own stadium in 1935, the first match at the new stadium was played on 18 August 1935, against local rivals Slavija, won by 1–0 and the first goal scored Jeremija Nikolić. At that time the club had a number of international matches. Radnički was in the prewar years of the World War II host of teams like Olympique Marseille, Ferencváros and Honvéd Budapest, Rapid Wien and some others; the club competed in the highest league of the Kragujevac Football Subassociation which gave access to the qualifiers for the Yugoslav Championship. Radnički won the Subassociation league in 1934, 1935, 1938 and 1939, however it only managed to qualify once to the national league, in the 1935–36 season, they had a fierce rivalry with FK Šumadija 1903 in this period. During the World War II, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded and partitioned by the Axis powers, Kragujevac were occupied by Nazi Germany soldiers and underwent a number of tragic days during war; the local population were suppressed and many Serbian civilians, as well Roma and Jews, were murdered or have perished in concentration camps.
The follow, many citizens of Kragujevac joined the resistance in the country and fought against the fascist occupation. The Nazis had issued an order to kill 50 Serbian civilians for every wounded German soldier and 100 for each German soldier killed. Tragic was the days between 19–21 October 1941, when German Nazis assembled thousand of males from the town between the ages of sixteen and sixty, were executed, today known as the Kragujevac massacre. Among the killed was many boys taken directly from schools and their teachers, which had a strong influence on subsequent generations of the city; the massacre was a direct reprisal for the German losses in battles. The executions in Kragujevac occurred although there had been no attacks on members of the Wehrmacht in this city, for the reason that not enough hostages could be found elsewhere. Radnički lost during the war numerous players, club officials and a whole generation of club supporters. Therefore, comes the deep-rooted antifascist attitude of the city, the club and its supporters.
To commemorate the victims of the massacre, the whole village of Šumarice, where the killings took place, was turned into a memorial park, called Šumarice Memorial Park, it was built the Museum of Genocide in Kragujevac, not so far from the stadium. After the liberation of Kragujevac in 1944, the club continues to develop into a bigger football club in the country. In 1946, Radnički played against Red Star Belgrade for membership of the newly created Yugoslav First League. There were so many fans; the city and the club decided to build a new stadium. After eight years of construction, the new stadium was ready to be opened; the official opening took place on 6 June, in 1957, against Partizan Belgrade and ended with 2–2. In 1969, Radnički was promoted for the first time to the Yugoslav First League after beating Sutjeska Nikšić and FK Crvenka in the play-offs. During the season, Radnički had a great 4–1 victory over Partizan Belgrade at JNA Stadium. On this 7 September, in 1969, the Radnički fans support their team fanatical.
The atmosphere was so fantastic that it was compared with the atmosphere at Old Trafford stadium in Manchester. On this day the Radnički fans and the club were given the nickname Crveni Đavoli, after the nickname for Manchester United. After that game, the Brazilian football giant FC Santos with the legendary Pele was so impressed by the atmosphere, instead of the friendly game against Partizan, they drove to Kragujevac and played against Radnički, they were not disappointed. 40,000 spectators were in the Čika Dača Stadium and around the stadium were a further seven to eight thousand enthusiastic fans. Radnički achieved in a legendary atmosphere a 4–4 draw. At the end of the domestic championship, Radnički was 15th in their first top league season and the survival was ensured on the last round with a victory over Vojvodina by 1–0; the 1971, Radnički narrowly avoided the relegation. The following 1971/72 season, the club returned to the Yugoslav Second League. However, the return to the first league is not a long time coming.
Radnički managed to get back among the best teams of the former Yugoslavia and to play two more seasons in the top division, before they went at the end of the 1975/76 season the way to the second division. Comes the drought period of the club for two decades. Since t
Fudbalski klub Vojvodina known as Vojvodina Novi Sad or Vojvodina and familiarly as Voša, is a Serbian professional football club based in Novi Sad, the second largest city in Serbia, one of the most popular clubs in the country. The club is the major part of the Vojvodina multi-sport club and the third oldest football club in the Serbian SuperLiga and the most successful football club in Serbia next to the rivals Red Star Belgrade and Partizan Belgrade. In its long history, Vojvodina were one of the most successful clubs in the former Yugoslavia, winning two First League titles, in 1966 and 1989, were runners-up in 1957, 1962 and 1975, achieved 3rd place in 1992 and finished 5th in the competition's all-time table. Vojvodina were runners-up in the Yugoslav Cup in 1951, they won the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 1976, the Mitropa Cup in 1977 and were runners-up of the Mitropa Cup in 1957 and the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 1998. From 1993 to 1997, Vojvodina achieved in the national championship 3rd place five times in a row and were runners-up in the domestic cup in 1997.
They were runners-up in the Serbian SuperLiga in 2008–09 Serbian SuperLiga and 3rd place in 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012 and 2013. Vojvodina were runners-up of the Serbian Cup in 2007, 2010, 2011 and 2013; the first cup trophy Vojvodina won in 2014. On 6 March 1914, in Sava Šijakov's weaving mill in the Temerinska Street 12, a group of students of the Serbian Orthodox high school established with the help of intellectuals and craftsman a football club in Novi Sad; the club was founded in secrecy, because the former Austro-Hungarian authorities banned larger organized gatherings of juveniles in the Vojvodina region, inhabited by Serbs. The club took the name Vojvodina, in order to emphasize the memory of the political-territorial unit of the Serbs in the "Serbian Vojvodina" in which the Serbs, at least on paper, get the same rights as all other citizens in the Habsburg Empire for which they have fought for years; the name Vojvodina means in Serbian a type of duchy, more a voivodeship. It derives from the word "vojvoda", means "one who leads warriors" or "war leader".
Among the club founders on that day were the future textile industrialist Milenko Šijakov, the future university professor Vladimir Milićević, the future chemists Milenko Hinić, the future lawyers Radenko Rakić and Kamenko Ćirić, Gojko Tosić, Đorđe Živanov, Branko Gospođinački, the future doctor of law Kosta Hadži and others. The new club played its first match in the village of Kovilj against local club FK Šajkaš. Vojvodina played in bright blue colours and white shorts and won by 5–0. Svetozar Jocković, Jovan Ljubojević, Milorad Milićević, Dušan Kovačev, Jovan Jocković, Ozren Stojanović, Sava Ignjačev, Predrag Stojanović Ciga, Živojin Đeremov and Uroš Čakovac entered the record books as the first players in the history of Vojvodina; the players were pupils and students, who came from Prague in the summer holidays and played only that one match, because shortly before World War I broke out. The strict hand of the Austro-Hungarian authorities stopped all Serbian organizations in Novi Sad and Vojvodina was the first time in the situation to be shut down.
After the liberation, Vojvodina resumed the work thanks to the enthusiasm of Serbian students from Prague. The first president of Vojvodina became Milenko Šijakov, son of weaving mill owner Sava Šijak, the first secretary became Dr. Živko Bajazet, the longtime president of the Serbian merchant bank and member of the Sokol organization. The club financed by membership fees and by generous contributions as by Maks Grin, Daka Popović, the Novaković brothers, Ilija Balabušić and the members of Dunđerski family. Part of the Vojvodina players and management who studied in Prague, were members of football club Slavia Prague; the Czech club supported the Vojvodina members during the difficult times before and during World War I and contributed in the development of the club. In 1920, was brought from Prague the first set of red and white jerseys. At the club meeting held on 23 July 1922, it was decided that in honour of Slavia Prague the red and white colors adorn the jerseys of Vojvodina; the coat of arms was partially modeled after Slavia Prague's coat of arms, where the red star of the Czech team was replaced with the blue star, so that Vojvodina's coat of arms had all the colors of the Serbian flag.
The first coach, technical director and chief organizer of Vojvodina was the lawyer Dr. Kosta Hadži, one of the main founder of Vojvodina and the Novi Sad Football Subassociation. Under his leadership, Vojvodina won the Novi Sad Subassociation league in 1926, the first trophy in its history. Vojvodina played with following players: Mihajlović, Živić, Kričkov, Popović, Aleksić, Marjanović, Šević, Petrović, Dudás and Saraz; the club provided the first professional contracts to its players, brought professional players from abroad such as Czech Josef Čapek and Hungarians Sándor Dudás and Abraham Saraz. One of the best and most influential Vojvodina players at that time was Dušan Marković, an effective striker who played for Vojvodina from 1921 to 1935. End of the 1930s, Vojvodina brought many good players into the team, known as the Millionaires team and one of the best was Jožef Velker, which became to a crucial player of the club. In 1932, 1934, 1935, 1937–1940, Vojvodina won the Novi Sad Football Subassociation league.
Since Vojvodina begun having serious pretensions to gain promotion to the Yugoslav First League. The club failed to make an impact, but during the season 1940/41, Vojvodina f
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a country located in central and Southeastern Europe that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars. Covering an area of 255,804 km², the SFRY was bordered by the Adriatic Sea and Italy to the west and Hungary to the north and Romania to the east, Albania and Greece to the south; the nation was a socialist state and a federation governed by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia and made up of six socialist republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Slovenia with Belgrade as its capital. In addition, it included two autonomous provinces within Serbia: Vojvodina; the SFRY's origin is traced to 26 November 1942, when the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia was formed during World War II. On 29 November 1945, the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was proclaimed after the deposition of King Peter II, thus ending the monarchy.
Until 1948, the new communist government sided with the Eastern Bloc under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito at the beginning of the Cold War, but after the Tito–Stalin split of 1948, Yugoslavia pursued a policy of neutrality. It became one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement, transitioned from a planned economy to market socialism; the SFRY maintained neutrality during the Cold War as part of its foreign policy. It was a founding member of CERN, the United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, OSCE, IFAD, WTO, BTWC. Following the death of Tito on 4 May 1980, the Yugoslav economy started to collapse, which increased unemployment and inflation; the economic crisis led to a rise in ethnic nationalism in early 1990s. With the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, inter-republic talks on transformation of the federation failed. In 1991 some European states recognized their independence; the federation collapsed along federal borders, followed by the start of the Yugoslav Wars, the final downfall and breakup of the federation on 27 April 1992.
Two of its republics and Montenegro, remained within a reconstituted state known as the "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia", but this union was not recognized internationally as the official successor state to the SFRY. The term "former Yugoslavia" is now used retrospectively; the name Yugoslavia, an Anglicised transcription of Jugoslavija, is a composite word made up of jug and slavija. The Slavic word jug means'south', while slavija denotes a'land of the Slavs'. Thus, a translation of Jugoslavija would be'South-Slavia' or'Land of the South Slavs'; the full official name of the federation varied between 1945 and 1992. Yugoslavia was formed in 1918 under the name Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. In January 1929, King Alexander I assumed dictatorship of the kingdom and renamed it the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, for the first time making the term "Yugoslavia"—which had been used colloquially for decades —the official name of the state. After the Kingdom was occupied by the Axis during World War II, the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia announced in 1943 the formation of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia in the substantial resistance-controlled areas of the country.
The name deliberately left the republic-or-kingdom question open. In 1945, King Peter II was deposed, with the state reorganized as a republic, accordingly renamed Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, with the constitution coming into force in 1946. In 1963, amid pervasive liberal constitutional reforms, the name Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was introduced; the state is most referred to by the latter name, which it held for the longest period of all. Of the three main Yugoslav languages, the Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian language name for the state was identical, while Slovene differed in capitalization and the spelling of the adjective "Socialist"; the names are as follows: Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian languages Latin: Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija Cyrillic: Социјалистичка Федеративна Република Југославија Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: Macedonian pronunciation: Slovene language Socialistična federativna republika Jugoslavija Due to the length of the name, abbreviations were used to refer to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, though the state was most known as Yugoslavia.
The most common abbreviation is SFRY, though SFR Yugoslavia was used in an official capacity by the media. On 6 April 1941, Yugoslavia was invaded by the Axis powers led by Nazi Germany. Yugoslav resistance was soon established in two forms, the Royal Yugoslav Army in the Homeland and the Communist Yugoslav Partisans; the Partisan supreme commander was Josip Broz Tito, under his command the movement soon began establishing "liberated territories" which attracted the attention of occupying forces. Unlike the various nationalist militias operating in occupied Yugoslavia, the Partisans were a pan-Yugoslav movement promoting the "brotherhood and unity" of Yugoslav nations, representing the republican, left-wing, socialist elements of the Yugoslav political
Fudbalski Klub Vardar known as FK Vardar or Vardar, is a football club based in the capital city of Skopje, in North Macedonia. The club was founded in 1947 and they have been members of the Macedonian First Football League since its inception in 1992; the Philip II Arena has been the home ground of FK Vardar since 1947. Vardar is the most popular and renowned Macedonian football club both domestically and abroad, having won 10 national championships and 5 national cups. A football club named Vardar after the river of Vardar was established in 1911 but existed in the shadow of other major clubs in Skopje in the pre-WWII period. After the WW2 FK Vardar was established with the merger of city rivals FK Pobeda and FK Makedonija, in the hall of cinema "Vardar" on 22 July 1947; the foundation assembly had decided the club color to be blue and it was, but at the next assembly the decision was changed to red and white. FK Pobeda has competed in the first season of the Federal League after the World War II, finished at the 8th place and won the relegation play–offs against FK Sloga from Novi Sad, FK Vardar was a member of the Federal league from the beginning.
However, during the following decade they were several times promoted back again. The present recognizable red and black color was adopted after the 1963 Skopje earthquake; the club won its first major trophy in the 1960–61 Yugoslav Cup. Many famous players from the region started their careers at Vardar, their triumph in the Yugoslav Cup was a highlight; the leader of that particular generation of players was Andon Dončevski, who coached the team from 1985 to 1988. Due to massive irregularities during the last 34th week of fixtures, the 1985–86 Yugoslav First League season ended notoriously. Football Association of Yugoslavia headed by Slavko Šajber voided the last week results ordering a replay of all 9 fixtures. Twelve clubs were docked 6 points due to alleged participation in the match-fixing scandal. All teams agreed to replay their games but FK Partizan, who had won the title with a 4–0 over FK Željezničar Sarajevo, after which the game was awarded 3–0 to FK Željezničar Sarajevo, which gave Red Star Belgrade the title.
Red Star Belgrade played in the 1986–87 European Cup. However, after a sequence of legal processes, the original final table, with FK Partizan as champions, was recognized in 1987; the following 1986-87 Federal League season saw 10 teams starting with −6 points. Vardar Skopje, who had not been deducted 6 points, won the title, participated in the 1987–88 European Cup, but the points deduction was annulled after more legal proceedings, the title was given to FK Partizan, who headed the table with the deduction, but for UEFA, Vardar was recognized as a champion. In 1986–87 Federal League team had a group of wonderful players, led by the talented Darko Pančev and including Ilija Najdoski, Dragi Kanatlarovski and Vujadin Stanojković. FK Vardar went on to spend 33 seasons in the Federal top flight from 1947 to 1992 and is ranked 11th on the all-time table. Vardar celebrated Macedonia independence by winning three consecutive titles including going unbeaten in the inaugural season. During the 90's they remained at the top of Macedonian football reaching five Cup finals.
After a lean spell by their standards, they bought the league again in 2001–02 and the following season just missed out on qualifying for the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League group stage. A remarkable achievement, in the Second qualifying round they eliminated CSKA Moscow and came within a goal of getting past Sparta Prague. In 2011, Vardar was relegated from the Macedonian First Football League, but after a buying the license from Miravci it stayed; the following season they brought the league again after nine years. To date they have 17 major honors to their name. In 2012, with the new transformation FK Vardar became the first team in Macedonia organized as a joint stock company incorporated under the companies act. FK Vardar went on to spend 24 seasons in the Macedonian First Football League from 1992 to 2017 and is ranked 1st on the all-time table. In their history, FK Vardar has had many memorable matches. First big one came in 1961 against Dunfermline from Scotland, victory at home ground 2:0 glorious moments in Cup winners Cup.
Among those, the one that stands out the most was defeating FK Partizan by a score of 5–0. In early history, the 2–1 victory over Varteks in the Yugoslav Cup final is remembered by the club as its first major trophy win. A game that had the highest attendance was a match up against Trepča where FK Vardar won 2–1 and earned promotion to the Yugoslav First League. Other matches to remember came against the great four Red Star Belgrade, Partizan Belgrade, Dinamo Zagreb and Hajduk Split. 1985 home ground victory over Dinamo Bucurset from Romania 1:0 in UEFA Cup competition. At the beginning of the Macedonian First Football League the most memorable matches were all the wins against rival Pelister, including the first Macedonian Football Cup final in 1993 where FK Vardar won 1–0 at the old City Stadium; the biggest international achievement of the club came in 2003 when FK Vardar came one goal short of qualifying for the UEFA Champions League group stage. They had great match against Barry Town from Wales and 3–0 victory at home ground another glorious 2–1 away win over Russian heavy weights CSKA Moscow.
In 2004 UEFA Intertoto Cup they destroyed Ethnikos Achnas from Cyprus in both matches home and away with identical victories of 5–1 1–0 victory against Belgian side Gent at home ground. In the 2017–18 Champions League second qualifying round, Vardar were drawn against Swedish side Malmö FF, in the first leg away, they have played a draw and
NK Olimpija Ljubljana (1945)
Nogometni klub Olimpija Ljubljana referred to as NK Olimpija Ljubljana or Olimpija, was a Slovenian association football club based in Ljubljana. The club was founded in 1945 under the name NK Enotnost and adopted the name Olimpija in 1962. Since the mid 1940s Olimpija had competed in the Yugoslav football system and between the late 1960s and late 1980s Olimpija was a regular member of the Yugoslav First League. Following Slovenia's independence in 1991 they won four Slovenian Championships and four Slovenian Cup titles, they had appeared in European competitions such as the UEFA Cup, UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Intertoto Cup; the club's home ground was Bežigrad Stadium, an 8,211 capacity stadium in Bežigrad District in Ljubljana. Olimpija's nicknames were The Dragons, as dragon is a symbol of Ljubljana, The Green-Whites, referring to their primary colours and white; the club was dissolved in 2005 due to high financial debt. A successor club which claims rights to Olimpija's honours and records was established in 2005 and they compete in the Slovenian top flight bearing the name Olimpija Ljubljana.
In 1945, players of the former SK Ljubljana joined the newly founded ŠD Tabor and ŠD Udarnik sports clubs, formed a club called NK Enotnost. As a result of Slovenian independence in mid-1991 and the breakup of Yugoslavia, Olimpija agreed to join the newly formed Slovenian League; the inaugural 1991–92 season included a number of clubs from the lower tiers of the Yugoslav football league. The average attendance at Olimpija's matches dropped from 7,380 in 1989–90 to 1,075 in 1991–92. After finishing the first half of the season in second place three points behind Maribor, Olimpija had a string of good results after the winter break and ended the season with eleven consecutive wins which brought them their first Slovenian League title; the team for their final match included Robert Englaro, Aleš Čeh, Dejan Djuranovič and Sandi Valentinčič, was coached by Lučjo Pertič. The club went on to win three more consecutive titles, before Gorica won the 1995–96 edition, ending Olimpija's league domination.
In the 2003–04 UEFA Cup Olimpija beat Irish side Shelbourne in the qualifying round 4–2 on aggregate. In the next round they met Liverpool, took the lead through captain Anton Žlogar's goal, the first leg at Bežigrad Stadium ending in a 1–1 draw as Michael Owen scored an eqaliser 12 minutes from time. Olimpija's last European season was cut short as they were soundly beaten 3–0 through goals by Anthony Le Tallec, Emile Heskey and Harry Kewell in the away leg at Anfield. Olimpija had a string of mixed results for the remainder of the season, getting knocked out in the round of 16 of the 2003–04 Slovenian Cup and finishing runners-up in the 2003–04 Slovenian PrvaLiga. However, most sponsors decided to abandon the club at the end of the season which led to serious financial difficulties for the club. Following Schollmayer's exit, Olimpija were forced to sell all of their players. Although the club had started competing in the 2004–05 championship, the club had struggled on the pitch and failed to obtain competition licences issued by the Football Association of Slovenia, which led to its dissolution.
The club, with a debt consisting of over 700 million Slovenian tolars, filed for bankruptcy in the middle of the 2004–05 season. However, the Football Association of Slovenia had exceptionally allowed the club to finish the 2004–05 season and, after finishing sixth in the national championship, Olimpija ceased all operations. A successor club which claims rights to Olimpija's honours and records was established in 2005 and they compete in the Slovenian top flight bearing the name Olimpija Ljubljana. However, in spite of inheriting old Olimpija's supporters and colours, they are not considered to be successors to the original Olimpija and the two clubs' track records and honours are kept separate by the Football Association of Slovenia. However, some English-language sources regard the current Olimpija club as a continuation of the original club. Amid political turmoil in the early 1990s, during the breakup of Yugoslavia, Olimpija began claiming direct lineage to Ilirija, an association football club established in 1911.
It was during this time that Olimpija added the year 1911 on the official club crest for the first time in their history. Ilirija, a member of the Slovenian Second League at the time and the only Ljubljana based club the Football Association of Slovenia refers to as founded in 1911, have always criticized Olimpija actions and accused them of unilaterally appropriating their history. NK Enotnost NK Odred NK Triglav NK Olimpija Olimpija Ljubljana had won four Slovenian Championships, four Slovenian Cups and one Slovenian Supercup in the period between the country's independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 until the club's dissolution in 2005. Although the club had spent 22 seasons in top flight during the SFR Yugoslavia period, the club never won any silverware and the closest they came to winning a major domestic trophy was reaching the 1970 Yugoslav Cup final. Internationally Olimpija had appeared in the UEFA Cup six times, in the UEFA Champions League twice, in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup twice and in the UEFA Intertoto Cup once, in addition to two appearances in the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup.
Their best result in European football was reachi
Radoslav "Zaza" Bečejac is a Serbian midfielder who played for SFR Yugoslavia. Best known for being member of the FK Partizan team that played the 1966 European Cup Final in Brusseles versus Real Madrid, Bečejac is known for the record transfer in the summer 1967 when Olimpija bought him from Partizan for YUD65 million; the astronomical transfer for SFR Yugoslavia at the time brought about changes in the FA ruling as a transfer cap of YUD12.5 million was instituted from on. Profile on Serbian federation site