Butte /ˈbjuːt/ is a city in, and the county seat of Silver Bow County, United States. In 1977, the city and county governments consolidated to form the entity of Butte-Silver Bow. As of the 2010 census, Buttes population was approximately 34,200, Butte is Montanas fifth largest city. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Butte experienced every stage of development of a town, from camp to boomtown to mature city to center for historic preservation. Unlike most such towns, Buttes urban landscape includes mining operations set within residential areas, despite the dominance of the Anaconda Company, Butte was never a company town. It prided itself on architectural diversity and an ethos of rough-and-tumble individualism. In the 21st century, efforts at interpreting and preserving Buttes heritage are addressing both the historical significance and the continuing importance of mining to its economy and culture. Butte was one of the largest cities in the Rocky Mountains in the late 1800s, Silver Bow County had 24,000 people in 1890, and peaked at 100,000 in 1920.
The population steadily declined with falling copper prices after World War I, eventually dropping to 34,000 in 1990, in 2013, the population remains at 34,200. The documentary Butte, depicts its history as a producer and the issues of labor unionism, economic rise and decline. The city is served by Bert Mooney Airport with airport code BTM, Butte began as a mining town in the late 19th century in the Silver Bow Creek Valley, a natural bowl sitting high in the Rockies straddling the Continental Divide. At first only gold and silver were mined in the area, but the advent of electricity caused a demand for copper. The small town was called the Richest Hill on Earth. It was the largest city for hundreds of miles in all directions. Among the migrants, many Chinese workers moved in, and amongst them set up businesses that led to the creation of a Chinatown in Butte, the Chinese migrations stopped in 1882 with the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act. The business owners fought back by suing the unions and winning, the history of the Chinese migrants in Butte is documented in the Mai Wah Museum.
The influx of miners gave Butte a reputation as a town where any vice was obtainable. The citys famous saloon and red-light district, called the Line or The Copper Block, was centered on Mercury Street, behind the brothel was the equally famous Venus Alley, where women plied their trade in small cubicles called cribs
Bozeman is a city in and the county seat of Gallatin County, United States, in the southwestern part of the state. The 2010 census put Bozemans population at 37,280 and the 2015 census estimate put the population at 43,405 making it the fourth largest city in the state. It is the city of the Bozeman, MT Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is the largest Micropolitan Statistical Area in Montana and is the third largest of all of Montana’s statistical areas, the city is named after John M. Bozeman who established the Bozeman Trail and was a key founder of the town in August 1864. The town became incorporated in April 1883 with a city form of government. Bozeman was elected an All-America City in 2001 by the National Civic League, Bozeman is a college town, home to Montana State University. The local newspaper is the Bozeman Daily Chronicle, and the city is served by Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, william Clark visited the area in July 1806 as he traveled east from Three Forks along the Gallatin River.
The party camped 3 miles east of what is now Bozeman, the journal entries from Clarks party briefly describe the future citys location. Red Clouds War closed the Bozeman Trail in 1868, but the fertile land attracted permanent settlers. In 1866 Nelson Story, a successful Virginia City, Story braved the hostile Bozeman Trail to successfully drive some 1000 head of longhorn cattle into Paradise Valley just east of Bozeman. Eluding the U. S. Army, who tried to turn Story back to protect the drive from hostile Indians, Story established a sizable ranch in the Paradise Valley and holdings in the Gallatin Valley. He donated land to the state for the establishment of Montana State University – Bozeman, Fort Ellis 45°39′16″N 110°56′35″W, el.4,987 feet was established in 1867 by Captain R. S. In addition to Fort Ellis, a fort, Fort Elizabeth Meagher, was established in 1867 by volunteer militiamen. The first library in Bozeman was formed by the Young Mens Library Association in a room above a drugstore in 1872 and it moved to the mayors office and was taken over by the city in 1890.
The first Grange meeting in Montana Territory was held in Bozeman in 1873, the Northern Pacific Railway reached Bozeman from the east in 1883. By 1900 Bozemans population reached 3,500, in 1892 the U. S. Bureau of Fisheries established a fish hatchery on Bridger Creek at the entrance to Bridger Canyon. Montana State University - Bozeman was established in 1893 as the states land-grant college, by the 1920s, the institution was known as Montana State College, and in 1965 it became Montana State University. Bozemans first high school, the Gallatin Valley High School, was built on West Main Street in 1902, in the early 20th century, over 17,000 acres of the Gallatin Valley were planted in edible peas harvested for both canning and seed
North Dakota Fighting Hawks football
The North Dakota Fighting Hawks represent the University of North Dakota, competing in the Big Sky Conference in the NCAA Division Is Football Championship Subdivision. From 1973 to 2008, they played in the NCAAs NCAA Division II, from 1955 to 1972 they competed in the NCAAs College Division where they participated in and won 3 Bowl Games. North Dakota fielded its first football team in 1894 and they joined the Big Sky Conference in 2012. UND has won 26 conference championships, including 14 outright titles and they have qualified for NCAA postseason play 17 times, most recently in 2016. North Dakota was ineligible for post season play during its transition to Division I from 2008 to 2011, UND is one of the winningest college football programs. Of the 126 schools currently classified in the Football Championship Subdivision, the University of North Dakota football program experienced moderate success from its inception in 1894. In the first 33 years of the program, the Flickertails won 109 games against just 87 losses, but it was in 1928 when Charles A.
Jack West arrived on campus in Grand Forks that would transform North Dakota into one of the most successful football programs in the nation. West came to UND from South Dakota State, where he spent 9 successful seasons that included 3 NCC championships, West immediately turned around what was at the time a mediocre football program at UND, winning NCC titles in his first four seasons at the helm. North Dakota experienced just three losing seasons during Wests 15 years as coach, and won 9 games in a season on three occasions. West did not coach the team in 1942, and the University did not field a team during the war years of 1943 and 1944 and it was during this era in 1930, that the University adopted the nickname Fighting Sioux for all of its sports teams. West served as Athletic Director for North Dakota and was inducted into the UND Hall of Fame in 1975. Following Jack Wests 15 year tenure as leader of the Fighting Sioux football, marv Whitey Helling would change the fortunes of North Dakota and usher in a new era of success for the University.
Arriving in 1957, Hellings squad captured the NCC Championship in his season in 1958. Hellings teams continued to improve as he built his program, reaching its peak from 1964–1966 and those three seasons produced a record of 25–4, two NCC Championships, and two Bowl appearances. The 1964 team won Hellings second NCC title behind and 8–1 record, in 1965, the team went 9–1 and played in the Mineral Water Bowl where they soundly defeated Northern Illinois. The only blemish that season came at the hands of their arch rival, a 6–3 loss at Dacotah Field in Fargo dashed the National Championship hopes for the Fighting Sioux. North Dakota State went on to win the National Championship that year, Hellings 1966 team gave him his third NCC championship
University of Montana Grizzly Marching Band
The University of Montana Grizzly Marching Band is the school band of the University of Montana. As of 2015, the band had about 140 members, the band was started in the late 1800s. It largely specializes in contemporary corps-style outdoor marching, playing at home game. The group travels to several games in the Northwest and has accompanied the football team to four Division I-AA National Championships. In addition to the entertainment, it makes several appearances in the community each season. University of Montana Grizzly Marching Band website Videos of Grizzly Marching Band in 2008 season
Little Brown Stein
The Little Brown Stein is a rivalry trophy awarded to the winner of the college football game between the University of Idaho Vandals and University of Montana Grizzlies. The trophy is, as the name implies, a large mug with the results of all the games between the two painted on. The game was last played 14 years ago in 2003, the series is set to resume in 2018, when Idaho rejoins the Big Sky for football. Idaho and Montana first played 114 years ago in 1903 and have played 84 times, Idaho has dominated the overall series, which includes two Division I-AA playoff wins at home in the 1980s. Montana has had the hand since 1991, winning eight of the last ten. Since Idaho moved back up to Division I-A in 1996, the teams have met five times, the schools were the only public universities in their respective states for decades, and are about 200 miles apart. Moscow and Missoula are on sides of the lower Idaho Panhandle. Both were members of the old Pacific Coast Conference, Montana departed after the 1950 season, the universities were charter members of the Big Sky Conference in 1963, and their final season as conference opponents was in 1995.
After the 2000 season, the Big West dropped football, Idaho became a football-only member of the Sun Belt Conference in 2001 while remaining a full Big West member. Idaho joined the WAC for all sports in 2005 as part of a major NCAA conference realignment, after the WAC experienced a near-complete membership turnover in the early 2010s, it dropped football after the 2012 season. Idaho football was an FBS independent for one season in 2013, Idaho returned to the Big Sky in 2014 except for football, which rejoined the Sun Belt. Idaho will drop back to FCS in 2018 and resume football membership in the Big Sky
Missoula /mᵻˈzuːlə/ is a city in the U. S. state of Montana and is the county seat of Missoula County. In 2015, the United States Census Bureau estimated the population at 71,022. In the 1990s, Missoula overtook Great Falls as Montana’s second‑largest city, Missoula is home to the University of Montana, a public research university. Missoula was founded in 1860 as Hellgate Trading Post while still part of Washington Territory, by 1866, the settlement had moved east,5 miles upstream, and renamed Missoula Mills, shortened to Missoula. The mills provided supplies to settlers traveling along the Mullan Road. The establishment of Fort Missoula in 1877 to protect settlers further stabilized the economy, the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1883 brought rapid growth and the maturation of the local lumber industry. In 1893, the Montana Legislature chose the city as the site for the states first university, along with the U. S. Forest Service headquarters founded in 1908, lumber and the university remained staples of the local economy for the next hundred years.
The city is governed by a government with twelve city council members. Notable residents include the first woman in the U. S. Congress, Jeannette Rankin, archaeological artifacts date the Missoula Valleys earliest inhabitants to the end of the last ice age 12,000 years ago with settlements as early as 3500 BCE. From the 1700s until European settlements began a years later, it was primarily the Salish, Pend dOreille, Blackfeet. Hell Gate would remain the name of the area until it was renamed Missoula in 1866, the Lewis and Clark Expedition brought the first U. S. citizens to the area. They twice stopped just south of Missoula at Travelers Rest and they camped there the first time on their westbound trip in September 1805. When they stayed there again on their return in June–July 1806, Clark left heading south along the Bitterroot River and Lewis traveled north, through Hellgate Canyon. The desire for a more convenient water supply to power a lumber, the Missoula Mills replaced Hell Gate Village as the economic power of the valley and replaced it as the county seat in 1866.
The name Missoula came from the Salish name for the Clark Fork River, Fort Missoula was established in 1877 to help protect further arriving settlers. Growth accelerated with the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1883, in 1893, Missoula was chosen as the location of the states first university, the University of Montana. The continued economic windfall from railroad construction and lumber mills led to a boom in Missoulas population. A. B. Hammond and Copper Kings Marcus Daly and William A. Clark competed fiercely in the region over lumber share, the United States Forest Service work in Missoula began in 1905
University of Montana
The University of Montana is a public research university in Missoula, Montana, in the United States. Founded in 1893, the university is the second largest of the Montana University System, second to Montana State University, the main campus is at the foot of Mount Sentinel, the hill bearing Missoulas most recognizable landmark, a large hillside letter M. The University of Montana ranks 17th in the nation and fifth among universities in producing Rhodes Scholars. The University of Montana has 11 Truman Scholars,14 Goldwater Scholars and 40 Udall Scholars to its name, the University of Montanas Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library houses the earliest authorized edition of the Lewis and Clark journals. Rolling Stone labelled the university the most scenic campus in America and Outside magazine called it among the top 10 colleges nationally for combining academic quality, an act of Congress of February 18,1881 dedicated 72 sections in Montana Territory for the creation of the University. Montana was admitted to the Union on November 8,1889, the cities bids were supported by the rival Copper Kings, William A.
Clark and Marcus Daly, respectively. Missoula won the vote for the new university at the Third Montana Legislative Assembly in February 1893. The University was formally opened in 1895, while plans for a university campus were progressing, classes were temporarily held at nearby Willard School. The South Missoula Land Company, owned by A. B. Hammond, Richard Eddy and Marcus Daly, in June 1898 the cornerstone for A. J. Gibson designed University Hall was laid and Missoula became the University City, the University of Montana comprises eleven full colleges and schools, College of Humanities & Sciences, Phyllis J. The Phyllis J. Washington College of Education and Human Sciences is divided into five academic departments, in 1914, the University of Montana School of Law became a member of The Association of American Law Schools and in 1923, the School received accreditation from the American Bar Association. For the fall 2014 term, University of Montana offered admission to 4,956 freshmen out of 5,345 applicants, the first set of buildings were set up around the oval in 1895.
Since that time, various plans and architectural styles have been used. Today the campus consists of 220 acres and is bordered to the east by Mount Sentinel, landmarks include, The Oval A3 acres swath of grass running east to west, marking the traditional center of the university. Today it is divided into quadrants by two intersecting paths, though originally the oval was solid grass and forbidden to be crossed by students. A double row of trees was planted around the oval on Arbor Day 1896, the original gravel driveway that once surrounded the Oval has been replaced by sidewalk. The original master plan of the university called for all buildings to face the center of the oval, but this proved difficult. On the western extreme of the Oval is a grizzly bear statue created by ceramic artist
Montana Grizzlies football
The Montana Grizzlies football program represents the University of Montana in the Division I Football Championship Subdivision of college football. The Grizzlies have competed in the Big Sky Conference, where it is a founding member and they play their home games on campus in Missoula at Washington-Grizzly Stadium, where they had an average attendance of 24,380 in 2013. The Grizzlies had a season from 1986–2011. In Washington-Grizzly Stadium they have a percentage of.890 including playoffs. They hold the records for most playoff appearances in a row, Big Sky Conference titles in a row and their success made them the most successful program in all college football in the 2000s and third most successful team in FCS in the 1990s. The University of Montanas first football season was in 1897 where they won a game against future rival Montana State. The team played only schools from Montana until it helped found the Northwest Intercollegiate Athletic Association in 1902, in addition to Montana, this original Northwest Conference included Washington, Washington State, Oregon State and Whitman College.
Despite the associations stated goal of increasing intercollegiate athletics, Montana continued to only the nearest teams. More unfortunate for the team, it would not win a game against a conference opponent until a 10-0 win over Washington State in 1914, Montana joined the conference in 1924 and remained through the 1949 season. Montana won only nine games, and never played a home game against a team from the state of California. No team was organized in 1918, due to World War I, Record, vs. CatsDoug Fessenden was the first Montana coach to last more than five years and was the first to end his career with a winning record that coached more than two years. The program was on hiatus for the 1943 and 1944 seasons, of the six teams in the northern division of the PCC, only Washington continued through the war. In 1948, the Montana board of education announced that it was de-emphasizing athletics at the state university, the conference was only preferable to having no conference affiliation. In 1951, Montana joined the Mountain States Conference, popularly known as the Skyline Conference and it would compete here until the conference dissolved in 1962, never having a winning season and not winning more than three games until 1960.
In 1963, Montana joined Gonzaga, Idaho State, Weber State, following a 1–9 season in 1966, University of Montana president Robert T. Pantzer announced in December the hiring of Jack Swarthout, a former quarterback/halfback/end from Montana. Swarthout brought on Jack Elway as an assistant and they improved the team immediately to 7–3 in their first season, within two years, Swarthout guided the team to back-to-back undefeated regular seasons in 1969 and 1970 and Montanas first Big Sky Conference titles. Continued success was expected, but a season in 1971 was followed by a work-study scandal that eventually led to Swarthouts resignation. Though Swarthout was found innocent, the charges hurt recruiting and the government decided to withdraw financial support for athletic programs
Grand Forks, North Dakota
Grand Forks is the third-largest city in the State of North Dakota and is the county seat of Grand Forks County. According to the 2010 census, the population was 52,838, while the total of the city. Located on the banks of the north-flowing Red River of the North, in a flat region known as the Red River Valley. The Red River Flood of 1997 devastated the city, the Grand Forks post office was established in 1870, and the town was incorporated on February 22,1881. The city was named for its location at the fork of the Red River, historically dependent on local agriculture, the citys economy now encompasses higher education, health care, food processing, and scientific research. Grand Forks is served by Grand Forks International Airport and Grand Forks Air Force Base, the citys University of North Dakota is the oldest institution of higher education in the state. The Alerus Center and Ralph Engelstad Arena host athletic and other events, while the North Dakota Museum of Art, early French explorers, fur trappers, and traders called the area Les Grandes Fourches, meaning The Grand Forks.
By the 1740s, French fur trappers relied on Les Grandes Fourches as an important trading post, the United States acquired the territory from British Ruperts Land with the Treaty of 1818, but indigenous tribes dominated the area until the late nineteenth century. After years of warfare, the United States made treaties to extinguish the land claims of the Objibwe, when a U. S. post office was established on the site on June 15,1870, the name was changed to the English Grand Forks. Alexander Griggs, a captain, is regarded as The Father of Grand Forks. Griggs steamboat froze in the Red River on a voyage in late 1870, forcing the captain, Griggs platted a community in 1875, and Grand Forks was officially incorporated on February 22,1881. Thousands of settlers were attracted to the Dakota Territory in the 1870s and 1880s for its land. Many established small farms, but some investors bought thousands of acres for bonanza farms. The city grew quickly after the arrival of the Great Northern Railway in 1880, in 1883, the University of North Dakota was established, six years before North Dakota was formally admitted as an independent state born from the Dakota Territory.
During the first half of the 20th century, new neighborhoods were developed south. In the 1920s the state-owned North Dakota Mill and Elevator was constructed on the side of the city. In 1954, Grand Forks was chosen as the site for an Air Force base, Grand Forks Air Force Base brought thousands of new jobs and residents to the community. The military base and the University of North Dakota became integral to the citys economy, with construction of federal highways, during the postwar years residential and business development became suburbanized, spreading to new areas as land was available
Portland is a port and the largest city in the U. S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County. It is in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest, at the confluence of the Willamette, the city covers 145 square miles and had an estimated population of 632,309 in 2015, making it the 26th most populous city in the United States. Approximately 2,389,228 people live in the Portland metropolitan statistical area and its Combined Statistical Area ranks 17th with a population of 3,022,178. Roughly 60% of Oregons population resides within the Portland metropolitan area, named after Portland, the Oregon settlement began to be populated in the 1830s near the end of the Oregon Trail. Its water access provided convenient transportation of goods, and the industry was a major force in the citys early economy. At the turn of the 20th century, the city had a reputation as one of the most dangerous cities in the world. After the citys economy experienced a boom during World War II. Beginning in the 1960s, Portland became noted for its liberal political values, and the city has earned a reputation as a bastion of counterculture.
According to a 2009 Pew Research Center study, Portland ranks as the eighth most popular American city, the city operates with a commission-based government guided by a mayor and four commissioners as well as Metro, the only directly elected metropolitan planning organization in the United States. The city government is notable for its planning and investment in public transportation. Its climate is marked by warm, dry summers and cool and this climate is ideal for growing roses, and Portland has been called the City of Roses for over a century. Keep Portland Weird is a slogan for the city. During the prehistoric period, the land that would become Portland was flooded after the collapse of glacial dams from Lake Missoula and these massive floods occurred during the last ice age and filled the Willamette Valley with 300 to 400 feet of water. The Chinook people occupying the land which would become Portland were first documented by Meriwether Lewis, before its European settlement, the Portland Basin of the lower Columbia River and Willamette River valleys had been one of the most densely populated regions on the Pacific Coast.
Large numbers of settlers began arriving in the Willamette Valley in the 1830s via the Oregon Trail. In the early 1840s a new settlement began emerging ten miles from the mouth of the Willamette River and this community was initially referred to as Stumptown and The Clearing because of the many trees cut down to allow for its growth. In 1843 William Overton saw potential in the new settlement but lacked the funds to file a land claim. For 25 cents Overton agreed to half of the 640-acre site with Asa Lovejoy of Boston