In basketball, a rebound, colloquially referred to as a board, is a statistic awarded to a player who retrieves the ball after a missed field goal or free throw. Rebounds are given to a player who tips in a shot on his teams offensive end. Rebounds in basketball are a part in the game, as all possessions change after a shot is successfully made. A rebound can be grabbed by either a player or a defensive player. The majority of rebounds are defensive because the team on defense tends to be in position to recover missed shots. Offensive rebounds give the team another opportunity to score whether right away or by resetting the offense. A block is not considered a rebound, a ball does not need to actually rebound off the rim or backboard for a rebound to be credited. Rebounds are credited after any missed shot, including air balls, if a player takes a shot and misses and the ball bounces on the ground before someone picks it up, the person who picks up the ball is credited for a rebound. Rebounds are credited to the first player that gains possession of the ball or to the player that successfully deflects the ball into the basket for a score. A rebound is credited to a team when it gains possession of the ball after any missed shot that is not cleared by a single player, great rebounders tend to be tall and strong.
Because height is so important, most rebounds are made by centers and power forwards, the lack of height can sometimes be compensated by the strength to box out taller players away from the ball to capture the rebound. For example, Charles Barkley once led the league in rebounding despite usually being much shorter than his counterparts, some shorter guards can be excellent rebounders as well such as point guard Jason Kidd who led the New Jersey Nets in rebounding for several years. Great rebounders must have a sense of timing and positioning. Great leaping ability is an important asset, but not absolutely necessary, players such as Larry Bird and Moses Malone were excellent rebounders, but were never known for their leaping ability. Bird has stated, Most rebounds are taken below the rim, the action can be called blocking out. A team can be boxed out by players using this technique to stop the other team from rebounding. Because fighting for a rebound can be physical, rebounding is often regarded as grunt work or a hustle play.
Overly aggressive boxing out or preventing being boxed out can lead to personal fouls, statistics of a players rebounds per game or rebounding average measure a players rebounding effectiveness by dividing the number of rebounds by the number of games played
ESPN is a U. S. -based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc. a joint venture between The Walt Disney Company and the Hearst Corporation. ESPN broadcasts primarily from studio facilities located in Bristol, the network operates offices in Miami, New York City, Seattle and Los Angeles. John Skipper currently serves as president of ESPN, a position he has held since January 1,2012, as of February 2015, ESPN is available to approximately 94,396,000 paid television households in the United States. In 2011, ESPNs history and rise was chronicled by These Guys Have All the Fun, Bill Rasmussen conceived the concept of ESPN in late May 1978, after he was fired from his job with the World Hockey Associations New England Whalers. One of the first steps in Bill and his son Scotts process was finding land to build the channels broadcasting facilities, the Rasmussens first rented office space in Plainville, Connecticut. However, the plan to base ESPN there was put on hold because a local ordinance prohibiting buildings from bearing rooftop satellite dishes and this helped the credibility of the fledgling company, however there were still many doubters to the viability of their sports channel concept.
ESPN launched on September 7,1979, beginning with the first telecast of what would become the flagship program. Taped in front of a live audience inside the Bristol studios. ESPNs next big break came when the acquired the rights to broadcast coverage of the early rounds of the NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament. It first aired the NCAA tournament in March 1980, creating the modern day television event known as March Madness. The channels tournament coverage launched the career of Dick Vitale. In April of that year, ESPN created another made-for-TV spectacle, the next major stepping stone for ESPN came over the course of a couple of months in 1984. During this time period, the American Broadcasting Company purchased 100% of ESPN from the Rasmussens, for years, the NFL, NBA and Major League Baseball refused to consider cable as a means of broadcasting some of their games. However, with the backing of ABC, ESPNs ability to compete for major sports contracts greatly increased, in 1984, the U. S.
ESPNs Sunday Night Football games would become the highest-rated NFL telecasts for the next 17 years. In 1992, ESPN launched ESPN Radio, a sports talk radio network providing analysis. It became the fastest growing cable channel in the U. S. during the 1990s, ownership of ABC, and in effect control of ESPN, was acquired first by Capital Cities Communications in 1985, and by The Walt Disney Company in 1996. In 2012, ESPN generated more revenue for Disney than any of its other properties combined, alongside its live sports broadcasts, ESPN airs a variety of sports highlight and documentary-styled shows. 30 for 30 started airing in 2009 and continues airing to this day, each episode is through the eyes of a well known filmmaker and has featured some of the biggest directors in Hollywood
William Red Holzman was an NBA basketball player and coach probably best known as the head coach of the New York Knicks from 1967 to 1982. Holzman helped lead the Knicks to two NBA Championships in 1970 and 1973, and was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1986, in 1996, Holzman was named one of Top 10 Coaches in NBA History. Born in Brooklyn, New York in 1920, to Jewish immigrant parents, as the son of a Romanian mother, Holzman grew up in that boroughs Ocean Hill–Brownsville neighborhood and played basketball for Franklin K. Lane High School in the mid-1930s. He attended the University of Baltimore and the City College of New York, Holzman joined the United States Navy in the same year, and played on the Norfolk, Virginia Naval Base team for two years. Holzman was discharged from the Navy in 1945 and subsequently joined the NBL Rochester Royals, Holzman was Rookie of the Year in 1944–45. In 1945–46 and 1947–48 he was on the NBLs first All League team, Holzman stayed with the team through their move to the NBA and subsequent NBA championship in 1951.
In 1953, Holzman left the Royals and joined the Milwaukee Hawks as a player-coach, eventually retiring as a player in 1954, during the 1956–1957 season, Holzman led the Hawks to 19 losses during their first 33 games, and was subsequently fired. In 1957, Holzman became a scout for the New York Knicks for ten years ending in 1967, during this 15-year span as Knicks coach, Holzman won a total of 613 games, including two NBA championships in 1970 and 1973. In 1969, Holzman coached the Knicks to a single-season NBA record 18-game win streak, for his efforts leading up to the Knicks 1970 championship win, Holzman was named the NBA Coach of the Year for that year. He was one of very few individuals to have won an NBA championship as both player and coach, as a coach, his final record was 696 wins and 604 losses. In 1985, he was elected into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, the New York Knicks have retired the number 613 in his honor, equaling the number of wins he accumulated as their head coach.
He lived with his wife in a home they bought in Cedarhurst, following his lengthy NBA coaching career, Holzman was diagnosed with leukemia and died at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, New York in 1998
Elgin Gay Baylor is an American retired basketball player and executive. He played 13 seasons as a forward in the National Basketball Association for the Minneapolis / Los Angeles Lakers. Baylor was a shooter, strong rebounder, and an accomplished passer. Renowned for his acrobatic maneuvers on the court, Baylor regularly dazzled Lakers fans with his trademark hanging jump shots. The No.1 draft pick in 1958, NBA Rookie of the Year in 1959, in 1977, Baylor was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Baylor spent 22 years as manager of the Los Angeles Clippers. He won the NBA Executive of the Year Award in 2006 and he had a special appearance in the Buck Rogers in the 25th Century episode Olympiad, as one of the athletes. Elgin Rabbit Baylor had two basketball-playing brothers and Kermit, after stints at Southwest Boys Club and Brown Jr. High, Baylor was a 3 time All City player in High School. Elgin played his first 2 years at Phelps Vocational High School in the 1951 and 1952 basketball seasons where he set his first area scoring record of 44 points vs Cardozo.
During his 2 All City years at Phelps he averaged 18.5 and 27.6 points per season and he did not perform well academically and dropped out of school to work in a furniture store and to play basketball in the local recreational leagues. He finished with a 36.1 average for his 8 Interhigh Division II league games, on February 3,1954 in a game against his old Phelps team, he scored 31 in the first half. Playing with 4 fouls the second half, Baylor scored 32 more points to establish a new DC area record with 63 points. This broke the point record of 52 that Westerns Jim Wexler had set the year before when he broke Rabbits record of 44. An inadequate scholastic record kept him out of college until a friend arranged a scholarship at the College of Idaho, after one season, the school dismissed the head basketball coach and restricted the scholarships. A Seattle car dealer interested Baylor in Seattle University, and Baylor sat out a year to play for Westside Ford, Baylor led the Seattle University Chieftains to the NCAA championship game in 1958, falling to the Kentucky Wildcats, Seattles last trip to the Final Four.
Following his junior season, Baylor joined the Minneapolis Lakers in 1958, in his three collegiate seasons, one at Idaho and two at Seattle, Baylor averaged 31.3 points per game. He led the NCAA in rebounds during the 1956–57 season, fifty-one years after Baylor left Seattle University, Seattle U named its basketball court in honor of him on November 19,2009. The Redhawks now play on the Elgin Baylor Court in Seattles KeyArena, the Minneapolis Lakers used the No.1 overall pick in the 1958 NBA draft to select Baylor, convinced him to skip his senior year at SU and instead join the pro ranks
Three-point field goal
A three-point field goal is a field goal in a basketball game made from beyond the three-point line, a designated arc surrounding the basket. A successful attempt is worth three points, in contrast to the two points awarded for field goals made within the three-point line and the one point for each made free throw. In international FIBA and WNBA play, the three-point line is 6.75 m away from the basket on the arc part and 6.6 m from the straight parts. In both mens and womens National Collegiate Athletics Association basketball, the three-point line is simply a 180° circular arc centered on the basket,20 ft 9 in in radius. The three-point line was first tested at the level in a 1945 NCAA game between Columbia and Fordham but it was not kept as a rule. At the direction of Abe Saperstein, the American Basketball League became the first basketball league to institute the rule in 1961 and its three-point line was a radius of 25 feet from the baskets, except along the sides. The Eastern Professional Basketball League followed in its 1963–64 season, the three-point shot became popularized by the American Basketball Association after its introduction in the 1967–68 season.
Then commissioner of the ABA George Mikan stated the three-pointer would give the player a chance to score. During the 1970s, the ABA used the three-point shot, along with the slam dunk, in the 1979–80 season, the NBA adopted the three-point line despite the view of many that it was a gimmick. Chris Ford of the Boston Celtics is widely credited with making the first three-point shot in NBA history on October 12,1979, kevin Grevey of the Washington Bullets made one on the same day. The sports international governing body, FIBA, introduced the three-point line in 1984, the NCAAs Southern Conference became the first collegiate conference to use the three-point rule, adopting a 22-foot line for the 1980–81 season. Ronnie Carr of Western Carolina University was the first to score a three-point field goal in basketball history on November 29,1980. Over the following five years, NCAA conferences differed in their use of the rule, used in conference play, it was adopted by the NCAA for the 1986–87 season at 19 ft 9 in, and was first used in the NCAA Tournament in 1987.
In 2007, the NCAA lengthened the mens three point distance to 20 ft 9 in, with the coming into effect at the beginning of the 2008–09 season. American high schools, along with elementary and middle schools, adopted a 19 ft 9 in line nationally in 1987, a year after the NCAA. During the 1994–95, 1995–96, and 1996–97 seasons, the NBA attempted to address decreased scoring by shortening the distance of the line from 23 ft 9 in to a uniform 22 ft around the basket. From the 1997–98 season on, the NBA reverted the line to its distance of 23 ft 9 in. Ray Allen is currently the NBA all-time leader in career made three-pointers with 2,973, in 2008, FIBA announced that the distance would be increased by 50 cm to 6.75 m, with the change being phased in beginning in October 2010
David A. Stallworth was an American professional basketball player. He played in the National Basketball Association for eight seasons and was a member of the New York Knicks 1969–70 championship-winning team, a 67 forward/center from Dallas Madison High School, Stallworth graduated in 1961 and attended Wichita State University. In his three seasons with the Shockers, he set 18 school records, including the highest career point per game average. Stallworth helped the team reach the 1964 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament, the schools first appearance in the NCAA Tournament and he earned the nickname Dave the Rave while playing at Wichita State. In the 1965 NBA draft, Stallworth was selected in the first round by the New York Knicks, Stallworth played eight seasons in the NBA as a member of the Knicks and Baltimore/Capital Bullets. He averaged 9.3 points per game in his career, following a period as a coach for a Wichita-based amateur team, Stallworth was told by his doctor that he could return to playing.
A back-up on the 1969–70 Knicks, Stallworth was forced into action in Game 5 of the 1970 NBA Finals after Willis Reed was injured early and he was assigned to cover Los Angeles Lakers star Wilt Chamberlain, and aided in holding him in check when on defense. In 1971, Stallworth was traded along with Mike Riordan to the Bullets for Earl Monroe, Stallworth was released by the Suns without playing for the team, and he returned to the Knicks for the 1974–75 season, playing in seven games. After his playing career ended, Stallworth was employed in Wichita, Kansas by Boeing
Christopher Eugene Chris Schenkel was an American sportscaster. Over the course of five decades he called play-by-play for numerous sports on television and radio, becoming known for his smooth delivery, Schenkel was born on August 21,1923 to second-generation immigrant parents on their farm in Bippus, Indiana. He was one of six children and he began his broadcasting career at radio station WBAA while studying for a premedical degree at Purdue University where he was a member of the Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity. He served in the military during World War II and the Korean War and he worked in radio for a time at WLBC in Muncie, Indiana. And moved to television, in Providence, Rhode Island, for six years he did local radio and called the Thoroughbred horse races at Narragansett Park. In 1952, Schenkel was hired by the DuMont Television Network, for which he broadcast New York Giants football and hosted DuMonts Boxing From Eastern Parkway and Boxing From St. Nicholas Arena. In 1956, he moved to CBS Sports, where he continued to call Giants games, along with boxing, Triple Crown horse racing and The Masters golf tournament, along with Chuck Thompson, Schenkel called the 1958 NFL Championship Game for NBC.
He was the talent for the first NFL Films production ever made. He became widely known for covering professional bowling, mainly for the Professional Bowlers Association and he covered bowling from the early 1960s until 1997, as it became one of ABCs signature sports for Saturday afternoons. From the late 1960s to the early 1980s, Pro Bowlers Tour typically outdrew college football, many viewers considered it a weekly tradition to watch bowling on Saturday afternoons, which was a lead-in to ABCs Wide World of Sports. During his 36 years on The Professional Bowlers Tour, there were occasions when ABC sent Schenkel away to other assignments. Strangely, he was away on assignment for the first three of the PBAs televised 300 games and he would eventually call a televised 300 game on January 31,1987 when Houstonian Pete McCordic bowled one in the first match of the Greater Los Angeles Open. Schenkel told McCordic it was a moment for him, since he was away all the other times. Schenkel would be in the ABC booth for five more televised 300 games, Schenkel had attended named Georgia Teachers College while in the service near Statesboro during WW II.
There are a few books in the Schools library today with Schenkels signed name listed as the one checking out the library book. The Schenkel Tournament ended after the 1989 event when it was discovered that the club hosting the tournament was all-white. This college event is regarded as one of golfs premier intercollegiate events in the East, Chris Schenkel did play-by-play for the legendary 1969 Texas vs. Arkansas football game, known as the Game of the Century, culminating the first 100 years of College Football in 1969. The game, known as the Big Shootout, garnered a share of 52.1, years later, Schenkel said it was the most exciting, most important college football game I ever televised
National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is the major mens professional basketball league in North America, and is widely considered to be the premier mens professional basketball league in the world. It has 30 teams, and is a member of USA Basketball. The NBA is one of the four professional sports leagues in the United States. NBA players are the worlds best paid athletes by average annual salary per player, the league was founded in New York City on June 6,1946, as the Basketball Association of America. The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3,1949, the leagues several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in New York City. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in Secaucus, the Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada. On November 1,1946, in Toronto, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, the first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers.
During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not significantly better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that leagues 1948 title, Following the 1948–49 season, the BAA took in the remainder of the NBL, Anderson, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan and Waterloo. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as arenas and smaller gymnasiums. The process of contraction saw the leagues smaller-city franchises move to larger cities, the Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, and to St. Louis in 1955. The Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957, japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks. He remained the only player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships, to encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.
If a team does not attempt to score a goal within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped. In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, who already featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, and went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, russells rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports. The 1960s were dominated by the Celtics, led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966
Howard William Cosell was an American sports journalist who was widely known for his blustery, cocksure personality. Cosell said of himself, pompous, vain, verbose, theres no question that Im all of those things. In 1993, TV Guide named Howard Cosell The All-Time Best Sportscaster in its issue celebrating 40 years of television, in 1996, Howard Cosell was ranked #47 on TV Guides 50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time. Cosell was born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, to accountant Isidore Cohen, the grandson of a rabbi, he was raised in Brooklyn, New York. He graduated with a degree in English from New York University. He earned a degree at New York University School of Law, Cosells grandfathers name had been changed by immigration authorities when he entered the United States. Howard Cosell said he changed his name from Cohen to Cosell while a law student as a way to honor his father and grandfather by reverting to a version of his familys original Polish name. Cosell was admitted to the New York State Bar in 1941, but when the U. S.
entered World War II, Cosell entered the United States Army Transportation Corps, where he was promoted to the rank of major. During his time in the service, he married Mary Edith Abrams in 1944 in a judges chambers in Brooklyn and he left the service in 1945. After the war, Cosell began practicing law in Manhattan, primarily union law, some of his clients were actors, and some were athletes, including Willie Mays. Cosells own hero in athletics was Jackie Robinson, who served as a personal and professional inspiration to him in his career. Cosell represented the Little League of New York, when in 1953 an ABC Radio manager asked him to host a show on New York flagship WABC featuring Little League participants. The show marked the beginning of a relationship with WABC and ABC Radio that would last his entire broadcasting career, Cosell hosted the Little League show for three years without pay, and decided to leave the law field to become a full-time broadcaster. He approached Robert Pauley, President of ABC Radio, with a proposal for a weekly show, Pauley told him the network could not afford to develop untried talent, but he would be put on the air if he would get a sponsor.
To Pauleys surprise, Cosell came back with a relatives shirt company as a sponsor and he pulled no punches in taking members of the hapless expansion team to task. Cosell became an anchor at WABC-TV in New York. He expanded his commentary beyond sports to a show entitled Speaking of Everything. Cosell rose to prominence covering boxer Muhammad Ali, starting when he fought under his birth name
Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award
The Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award is an annual National Basketball Association award given since the 1969 NBA Finals. The award is decided by a panel of nine media members, the person with the highest votes wins the award. In at least one NBA Finals, fans balloting on NBA. com accounted for the tenth vote, the award was originally a black trophy with a gold basketball-shaped sphere at the top, similar to the Larry OBrien Trophy, until a new trophy was introduced in 2005. Since its inception, the award has given to 30 different players. Michael Jordan is a record six-time award winner, magic Johnson, Shaquille ONeal, Tim Duncan and LeBron James won the award three times in their careers. Jordan and ONeal are the players to win the award in three consecutive seasons. Johnson is the only ever to win the award, as well as the youngest at 20 years old. Andre Iguodala is the winner to have not started every game in the series. Jerry West, the first ever awardee, is the person to win the award while being on the losing team in the NBA Finals.
Willis Reed, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Larry Bird, Hakeem Olajuwon, Olajuwon and James have won the award in two consecutive seasons. Abdul-Jabbar and James are the players to win the award for two different teams. Olajuwon of Nigeria, who became a naturalized U. S. citizen in 1993, Tony Parker of France, cedric Maxwell is the only Finals MVP winner eligible for the Hall of Fame who has not been voted in. NBA Most Valuable Player Award NBA All-Star Game Most Valuable Player Award General Specific