Columbus is the capital and largest city of the U. S. state of Ohio. It is the 15th-largest city in the United States, with a population of 850,106 as of 2015 estimates and this makes Columbus the fourth-most populous state capital in the United States, and the third-largest city in the Midwestern United States. It is the city of the Columbus, Metropolitan Statistical Area. With a population of 2,021,632, it is Ohios third-largest metropolitan area, Columbus is the county seat of Franklin County. The city proper has expanded and annexed portions of adjoining Delaware County, named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812 at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, and assumed the functions of state capital in 1816. As of 2013, the city has the headquarters of five corporations in the U. S, fortune 500, Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, American Electric Power, L Brands, Big Lots, and Cardinal Health. In 2012, Columbus was ranked in BusinessWeeks 50 best cities in America.
In 2013, Forbes gave Columbus an A rating as one of the top cities for business in the U. S. and that included the city on its list of Best Places for Business. Columbus was ranked as the No.1 up-and-coming tech city in the nation by Forbes in 2008, and the city was ranked a top-ten city by Relocate America in 2010. In 2007, fDi Magazine ranked the city no.3 in the U. S. for cities of the future, and the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium was rated no.1 in 2009 by USA Travel Guide. The area including modern-day Columbus once comprised the Ohio Country, under the control of the French colonial empire through the Viceroyalty of New France from 1663 until 1763. In the 18th century, European traders flocked to the area, the area found itself frequently caught between warring factions, including American Indian and European interests. In the 1740s, Pennsylvania traders overran the territory until the French forcibly evicted them, in the early 1750s, the Ohio Company sent George Washington to the Ohio Country to survey.
Fighting for control of the territory in the French and Indian War became part of the international Seven Years War, during this period, the region routinely suffered turmoil and battles. The 1763 Treaty of Paris ceded the Ohio Country to the British Empire, after the American Revolution, the Ohio Country became part of the Virginia Military District, under the control of the United States. Colonists from the East Coast moved in, but rather finding a empty frontier, they encountered people of the Miami, Wyandot, Shawnee. The tribes resisted expansion by the fledgling United States, leading to years of bitter conflict, the decisive Battle of Fallen Timbers resulted in the Treaty of Greenville, which finally opened the way for new settlements. By 1797, a surveyor from Virginia named Lucas Sullivant had founded a permanent settlement on the west bank of the forks of the Scioto River
ESPN on ABC
ESPN on ABC is the brand used for sports event and documentary programming televised on the American Broadcasting Company in the United States. ABC broadcasts use ESPNs production and announcing staff, and incorporate elements such as ESPN-branded on-screen graphics, SportsCenter in-game updates, the broadcast networks sports event coverage carried the ABC Sports brand prior to September 2,2006. When ABC acquired a controlling interest in ESPN in 1984, it operated the cable network separately from its sports division. The integration of ABC Sports with ESPN began after The Walt Disney Company bought ABC in 1996, the branding change to ESPN on ABC was made to better orient ESPN viewers with event telecasts on ABC and provide consistent branding for all sports broadcasts on Disney-owned channels. Like its longtime competitors CBS Sports and NBC Sports, ABC Sports was originally part of the division of the ABC network. When Roone Arledge came to ABC Sports as a producer of NCAA football games in 1960, the International Olympic Committee even wanted a bank to guarantee ABCs contract to broadcast the 1960 Olympics.
At the time, Edward Scherick served as the de facto head of ABC Sports, Scherick had joined the fledgling ABC television network when he persuaded it to purchase Sports Programs, Inc. in exchange for the network acquiring shares in the company. Scherick had formed the company after he left CBS, when the network would not make him the head of its sports programming unit. Before ABC Sports even became a division of the network, Scherick. While Scherick was not interested in For Men Only, he recognized the talent that Arledge had, Arledge realized ABC was the organization he was looking to become part of. The lack of an organization would offer him the opportunity to claim real power when the network matured. With this, he signed on with Scherick as an assistant producer, network broadcasts of sporting events had previously consisted of simple set-ups and focused on the game itself. In his memo, Arledge not only offered another way to broadcast the game to the sports fan, in addition, he had the forethought to realize that the broadcasts needed to attract, and hold the attention of female viewers, as well as males.
Despite the production values he brought to NCAA college football, Scherick wanted low-budget sports programming that could attract and he hit upon the idea of broadcasting track and field events sponsored by the Amateur Athletic Union. While Americans were not exactly fans of track and field events, in January 1961, Scherick called Arledge into his office, and asked him to attend the annual AAU board of governors meeting. While he was shaking hands, Scherick said, if the mood seemed right, might he cut a deal to broadcast AAU events on ABC and it seemed like a tall assignment, however as Scherick said years later, Roone was a gentile and I was not. Arledge came back with a deal for ABC to broadcast all AAU events for $50,000 per year, next and Arledge divided up their NCAA college football sponsor list. They telephoned their sponsors and said in so many words, Advertise on our new sports show coming up in April, or forget about buying commercials on NCAA college football this fall
Ohio State University
The Ohio State University, commonly referred to as Ohio State or OSU, is a large, primarily residential, public university in Columbus, Ohio. Founded in 1870 as a land-grant university and ninth university in Ohio with the Morrill Act of 1862, and in 1878 the Ohio General Assembly passed a law changing the name to The Ohio State University. It has since grown into the third-largest university campus in the United States, along with its main campus in Columbus, Ohio State operates a regional campus system with regional campuses in Lima, Marion and Wooster. Ohio State athletic teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are known as the Ohio State Buckeyes, athletes from Ohio State have won 100 Olympic medals. The university is a member of the Big Ten Conference for the majority of sports, the Ohio State mens ice hockey program competes in the Big Ten Conference, while its womens hockey program competes in the Western Collegiate Hockey Association. In addition, the OSU mens volleyball team is a member of the Midwestern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association, OSU is one of only 14 universities that plays Division I FBS football and Division I ice hockey.
As of August 2015, the university had awarded a total of 714,512 degrees and former students have gone on to prominent careers in government, science, education and entertainment. Championed by the Republican stalwart Governor Rutherford B, the Ohio State University was founded in 1870 as a land-grant university under the Morrill Act of 1862 as the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College. The school was originally within a community on the northern edge of Columbus. The university opened its doors to 24 students on September 17,1873, in 1878, the first class of six men graduated. The first woman graduated the following year, in 1878, in light of its expanded focus, the Ohio legislature changed the name to the now-familiar The Ohio State University, with The as part of its official name. Ohio State began accepting students in the 1880s, and in 1891. It would acquire colleges of medicine, optometry, veterinary medicine, commerce, in 1916, Ohio State was elected into membership in the Association of American Universities.
Michael V. Drake, former chancellor of the University of California, Irvine, in an attack against the campus on November 28,2016, an unrelated fluorine leak was called in for Watts Hall, resulting in the evacuation of the building to an outside courtyard. As firetrucks began to depart, Abdul Razak Ali Artan drove into the crowd, the attack was stopped in under two minutes by OSU Police Officer Alan Horujko, who witnessed the attack after responding to the reported gas leak, and who shot and killed Artan. The universitys Buckeye Alert system was triggered and the campus was placed on lockdown, Ten were transported to local hospitals and one suspect was killed according to multiple sources. Local law enforcement and the FBI launched an investigation, according to authorities, Artan was inspired by terrorist propaganda from the Islamic State and radical Muslim cleric Anwar al-Awlaki. Ohio States 1, 764-acre main campus is about 2.5 miles north of the citys downtown, the historical center of campus is the Oval, quad of about 11 acres
East Lansing, Michigan
East Lansing is a city in the U. S. state of Michigan directly east of Lansing, the state capital. Most of the city is within Ingham County, with the rest in Clinton County, the population was 48,579 at the 2010 census, an increase from 46,420 in 2000. It is best known as the home of Michigan State University, East Lansing was an important junction of two major Native American groups, the Potawatomi and Fox. The toll road was finished in 1853, and included seven tollhouses between Lansing and Howell, Michigan State University was founded in 1855 and established in what is now East Lansing in 1857. For the first four decades, the students and faculty lived almost entirely on the college campus. A few commuted from Lansing, and that increased when a streetcar line was built in the 1890s. That started to change in 1887, when professors William J. Beal and Rolla C. Carpenter created Collegeville, along what is now Harrison Road and Center and Beal Streets, few faculty were attracted to the location, and the first residents were teamsters and laborers.
In 1898, the College Delta subdivision had the support of the college itself, which provided utilities, at that time, the post office address was Agricultural College, Michigan. A school district encompassing the nascent community was created in 1900, in 1907, incorporation as a city was proposed under the name College Park, the legislature approved the charter but changed the name to East Lansing. The first seven mayors, starting with Clinton D. Smith in 1907, the city charter in 1907 prohibited the possession, sale, or consumption of alcoholic beverages, and East Lansing was a dry city until voters modified the charter provision in 1968. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 13.67 square miles. Since 1998, East Lansing has expanded its borders through the use of 425 Agreements, the city is currently in three 425 Agreements with Bath Township, DeWitt Township, and Meridian Township, and has effectively added thousands of acres of land to its border. East Lansing and DeWitt Township entered into two 425s in 1998 and 2001, which involved nearly 1,200 acres of land, the agreement stipulates that East Lansing gains full control of the land after 33 years.
East Lansing and Bath Township entered into a 425 Agreement in June 2002 involving 1,056 acres of land, the agreement stipulates that East Lansing gains full control of the land after 100 years. East Lansing and Meridian Township entered into a 425 in November 2002 involving 101 acres of land, the agreement stipulates that the Meridian Township residents get to decide the fate of the land after 100 years. The city has made use of annexation of surrounding township lands in recent years. It annexed the 66.5 acres of the Four Winds Golf Course in Meridian Township in 2001, the city annexed from DeWitt Township the land that is currently the East Lansing Soccer Complex. The citys downtown area is centered around Grand River Avenue, a wide, Grand River Avenue and Michigan Avenue serves as a dividing line between the Michigan State University campus and the rest of the city
Spartan Stadium (East Lansing, Michigan)
Spartan Stadium opened in 1923 in East Lansing, United States. It is primarily used for football, and is the field of the Michigan State University Spartans. In the early 1920s, school officials decided to construct a new stadium to replace Old College Field, the resulting stadium—the lower half of the current stadium—was ready in the fall of 1923 with a capacity of 14,000. Over the years, the stadium grew, in 1935, the seating capacity increased to 26,000 and the facility was dedicated as Macklin Field. After admittance into the Big Ten in 1948, Michigan State increased stadium capacity to 51,000, with Spartan football attracting national attention under Clarence Biggie Munn and Hugh Duffy Daugherty,9,000 seats were added in 1956. The following season upper decks were added to the east and west sides boosting the capacity to 76,000 and that same season Michigan State dropped the name Macklin Stadium in favor of Spartan Stadium. The school plans to install permanent lights in 2017, in 1969, TartanTurf replaced the natural grass field and a modern scoreboard was added in 1973.
Later in the 1970s, AstroTurf replaced the TartanTurf, a new modern video scoreboard was added before the 1991 season. Renovations improving sight lines, field security, handicap access, new turf was installed in the summer of 1994. In 1998, Spartan Stadiums sound system was upgraded, adding a 21 x 27 Mitsubishi Diamond Vision video board to the south end, home to one of the top turfgrass research programs in the nation, Michigan State installed a natural grass field in 2002. The most recent expansion was completed in August 2005, a new press box,24 luxury suites, and 862 club seats were constructed on the west side of Spartan Stadium. This addition made Spartan Stadium the tallest building in East Lansing, through the 2012 season until their game against Notre Dame, the Spartans had won 15 straight games in Spartan Stadium—the programs longest home streak since winning 19 straight from 1950-53. Michigan State went undefeated at home in back-to-back seasons including marquee wins over Wisconsin, for almost nine years, the stadium held the world record for the largest ice hockey crowd in history.
On October 6,2001, a rink was constructed at the center of the stadium for Michigan States season-opening game against archrival Michigan. Dubbed The Cold War,74,554 watched No.1 nationally ranked Michigan State, country artist Shannon Brown sang during the second intermission. The game set off a wave of outdoor ice hockey games in large stadiums, the Rolling Stones performed at the stadium during their Voodoo Lounge Tour on September 9,1994. On June 26,2011, U2 performed during their U2 360° Tour, the show was originally to be held on June 30,2010, but was postponed, due to Bonos emergency back surgery. This was the first time they had played in East Lansing since a bar show in 1981 and it was their first performance in Michigan since 2005
Madison is the capital of the U. S. state of Wisconsin and the county seat of Dane County. As of July 1,2015, Madisons estimated population of 248,951 made it the second largest city in Wisconsin, after Milwaukee, and the 84th largest in the United States. The city forms the core of the United States Census Bureaus Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Dane County and neighboring Iowa, the Madison Metropolitan Statistical Areas 2010 population was 568,593. When the Wisconsin Territory was created in 1836 the territorial legislature convened in Belmont, One of the legislatures tasks was to select a permanent location for the territorys capital. Doty lobbied aggressively for Madison as the new capital, offering buffalo robes to the freezing legislators and he had James Slaughter plat two cities in the area and The City of Four Lakes, near present-day Middleton. Doty named the city Madison for James Madison, the fourth President of the U. S. who had died on June 28,1836 and he named the streets for the other 39 signers of the U. S.
Constitution. Being named for the founding father James Madison, who had just died. The cornerstone for the Wisconsin capitol was laid in 1837, on October 9,1839, Kintzing Prichett registered the plat of Madison at the registrars office of the then-territorial Dane County. Madison was incorporated as a village in 1846, with a population of 626, when Wisconsin became a state in 1848, Madison remained the capital, and the following year it became the site of the University of Wisconsin. The Milwaukee & Mississippi Railroad connected to Madison in 1854, Madison incorporated as a city in 1856, with a population of 6,863, leaving the unincorporated remainder as a separate Town of Madison. The original capitol was replaced in 1863 and the capitol burned in 1904. The current capitol was built between 1906 and 1917, during the Civil War, Madison served as a center of the Union Army in Wisconsin. Camp Randall, on the west side of Madison, was built and used as a camp, a military hospital. After the war ended, the Camp Randall site was absorbed into the University of Wisconsin, in 2004 the last vestige of active military training on the site was removed when the stadium renovation replaced a firing range used for ROTC training.
The City of Madison continued annexations from the Town of Madison almost from the date of the citys incorporation, Madison is located in the center of Dane County in south-central Wisconsin,77 miles west of Milwaukee and 122 miles northwest of Chicago. The city completely surrounds the smaller Town of Madison, the City of Monona, Madison shares borders with its largest suburb, Sun Prairie, and three other suburbs, Middleton, McFarland and Fitchburg. The citys boundaries approach the city of Verona, and the villages of Cottage Grove, DeForest, and Waunakee. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 94.03 square miles
Wayne Woodrow Woody Hayes was an American football player and coach. He served as the coach at Denison University, Miami University in Oxford and Ohio State University, compiling a career college football record of 238 wins,72 losses. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1983, a native of Clifton, Hayes was the youngest of three children born to Wayne B. and Effie Hayes. He played center at Newcomerstown High School in Newcomerstown, Ohio, at Denison University, he played tackle under coach Tom Rogers, and was a member of Sigma Chi fraternity. After graduating from Denison in 1935, Hayes went on to serve as an assistant at two Ohio high schools, Mingo Junction in 1935–1936 and New Philadelphia in 1937. Hayes enlisted in the United States Navy in July 1941, eventually rising to the rank of Lieutenant Commander during World War II and he commanded PC1251 in the Palau Islands invasion and the destroyer-escort USS Rinehart in both the Atlantic and Pacific operations.
Rogers declined, but recommended that his team captain, Hayes. Upon returning to Denison in 1946, Hayes struggled during his first year, that victory sparked a 19-game winning streak, a surge that propelled him into the head coaching position at Miami University. Gillman was Hayes immediate predecessor at Miami before Gillman moved down the road to coach at the University of Cincinnati and Gillman maintained a fierce rivalry between themselves, combining mutual distaste for the others coaching style and because they were in recruiting competition in the same general area. In his second year with the Miami Redskins, Hayes led the 1950 squad to an appearance in the Salad Bowl, where they defeated Arizona State University. Hayes basic coaching philosophy was that nobody could win football games unless they regarded the game positively and would agree to pay the price that success demands of a team. His conservative style of football was often described as three yards and a cloud of other words, a crunching, frontal assault of muscle against muscle, bone upon bone.
The basic, bread-and-butter play in Hayes playbook was a fullback off-guard run or a tailback off tackle play, Hayes was often quoted as saying only three things can happen when you pass and two of them are bad. Another Hayes recruit, Archie Griffin, remains the only two-time Heisman Trophy winner in seven decades of selections, altogether Hayes had 58 players earn All-America honors under his tutelage. Hayes would often use illustrations from historical events to make a point in his coaching and teaching. When Hayes was first hired to be the coach at OSU, he was made a full professor of physical education. The classes that he taught on campus were usually full, Hayes taught mandatory English and vocabulary classes to his freshman football players. One of his students was a player named Bobby Knight
Memorial Stadium (Champaign)
Memorial Stadium is a football stadium in Champaign, Illinois, in the United States, on the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The stadium is a memorial to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign students who died in World War I, the stadium is primarily used as the home of the Universitys football team. In the early 1920s, the old stadium, Illinois Field, was deemed inadequate. There was some sentiment for retaining the site, but it was too congested to expand the stadium adequately, so a new site was selected, George Huff and Robert Zuppke were responsible for pushing most of the fundraising for this project. Memorial Stadium was completed in 1923 at a cost of US$1.7 million and its original U-shaped design borrows some form from the earlier constructed Harvard Stadium. The projects general contractor was English Brothers of Champaign, who are in business to this day, the name was chosen in honor of the dead from World War I. The original construction was financed with donations from University students, alumni, at the time, the stadium consisted of double-decked stands on the east and west sidelines.
The single-decked horseshoe around the end zone was completed. Heavy rain during the construction resulted in a bulldozer sinking into the field and it was decided the expense of removing the bulldozer would have been greater than leaving it buried under the field, and it remains there today. The bell of the USS Illinois, an Iowa-class battleship that was never completed, is on loan to the university and is in use and it is traditionally rung when the Fighting Illini score a touchdown or goal during home games. The first game played in the completed stadium was the Chicago-Illinois game on November 3,1923. The stadium is dedicated to the men of the University of Illinois that gave their lives serving in World War I, in 2002, the stadium dedication was extended to those who died in World War II. There are a total of 200 columns on the east and west sides of the stadium,183 columns display one name of a University of Illinois alum that lost their lives in the first war. The stadium was dedicated on October 18,1924, on which the University football team played a homecoming game against the University of Michigan.
On way to a 39–14 Illini victory, Red Grange scored six touchdowns in one of the greatest single-game performances in football history. The football playing surface within the stadium is named Zuppke Field, in honor of Robert Zuppke, the north end of Zuppke Field hosts The Grange Rock, a tribute to Red Grange. The tribute was dedicated on October 22,1994, with Mrs. Margaret Grange, Red Granges wife, the rock came from the same Indiana quarry that produced the stadiums columns. In 2009, a 12-foot statue of Red Grange was dedicated as the capstone of the stadiums Illinois Renaissance renovations, the Ray Eliot Varsity Room is named for Ray Eliot, the University of Illinois head football coach from 1942 to 1959
Big Ten Conference
The Big Ten Conference, formerly Western Conference and Big Nine Conference, is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. The conference includes the public university in each of 11 states stretching from New Jersey to Nebraska. The Big Ten Conference was established in 1895 when Purdue University president James H, in 1905, the conference was officially incorporated as the Intercollegiate Conference Athletic Association. Big Ten member institutions are predominantly major flagship research universities with large financial endowments, large student enrollment is a hallmark of Big Ten universities, as 12 of the 14 members feature enrollments of 30,000 or more students. Northwestern University, one of just two members with a total enrollment of fewer than 30,000 students, is the lone private university among Big Ten membership. Collectively, Big Ten universities educate more than 520,000 total students and have 5.7 million living alumni, Big Ten universities engage in $9.3 billion in funded research each year.
Big Ten universities are members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance. In 2014–2015, members generated more than $10 billion in research expenditures, Johns Hopkins University was invited in 2012 to join the Big Ten as an associate member participating in mens lacrosse only. In 2015, it was accepted as an associate member in womens lacrosse. Notre Dame is scheduled to join the Big Ten in 2017 as a member in mens ice hockey. Notes Notes Notes The University of Chicago was a co-founder of the conference, lake Forest College attended the original 1895 meeting that led to the formation of the conference, but did not join it. Full members Full members Sport Affiliate Other Conference Other Conference The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in 14 mens and 14 womens NCAA sanctioned sports, Notes, * Notre Dame will join the Big Ten in the 2017–18 school year as an affiliate member in mens ice hockey. It continues to field its other sports in the ACC except in football where it will continue to compete as an independent, ° Johns Hopkins joined the Big Ten in 2014 as an affiliate member in mens lacrosse, with womens lacrosse to follow in 2016.
Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams,2, Mens rowing, whether heavyweight or lightweight, is not governed by the NCAA, but instead by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. Rutgers Mens Rowing was downgraded to Club status in 2008,3, Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. 4, Rifle is technically a mens sport, but mens, Ohio State fields a coed team. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the topics of discussion. The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a meeting on February 8,1896