The Forum (Inglewood, California)
The Forum is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Inglewood, United States, adjacent to Los Angeles. Located between West Manchester Boulevard, across Pincay Drive and Kareem Court, it is north of the under-construction Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park and the new Hollywood Park Casino, it is about three miles east of Los Angeles International Airport. Opening on December 30, 1967, the Forum was an groundbreaking structure. Architect Charles Luckman's vision was brought to life by engineers Carl Johnson and Svend Nielsen, who were able to engineer the structure so that it had no major support pillars; this had been unheard of in an indoor arena the size of the Forum. The arena is visible on the landing approach to the LAX from the east. With Madison Square Garden, it was once one of the best-known indoor sports venues in the U. S; the Forum achieved its greatest fame as home to the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association and the Los Angeles Kings of the National Hockey League from 1967 to 1999, when the teams moved to Staples Center to join the Los Angeles Clippers.
The Forum was the home of the WNBA's Los Angeles Sparks from 1997 to their 2001 move to Staples Center. The Forum was the site of the 1972 and 1983 NBA All-Star Games, the 1981 NHL All-Star Game, 1984 Olympic basketball and hosted the Big West Conference and the 1989 Pacific-10 Conference men's basketball tournaments, it was acquired in 2000 by the Faithful Central Bible Church, which used it for occasional church services and leased it for sporting events and other events. In 2012, the Forum was purchased by the Madison Square Garden Company, owners of New York City's Madison Square Garden, for $23.5 million. On September 24, 2014, the Forum was listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the arena is formally known as The Forum Presented by Chase, has been known as the Great Western Forum and nicknamed the "Fabulous Forum" in a newspaper headline. It is known informally as the L. A. Forum. On the site of a former golf course, the "fabulous" Forum was built in 1967 by Jack Kent Cooke.
The Canadian Cooke, who enjoyed ice hockey, was determined to bring the NHL to Los Angeles. In 1966, the league announced that it was selling six new franchises, Cooke prepared a bid; the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Commission, which operated the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena, supported a competing bid headed by Los Angeles Rams owner Dan Reeves—who had a hockey team at the Arena, the Western Hockey League's Los Angeles Blades—and told Cooke that if he won the franchise, he would not be allowed to use the facility. In response, Cooke planned to build a new arena in the Los Angeles suburb of Inglewood. Nearly 30 years Cooke told Los Angeles Times sportswriter Steve Springer that he remembered "one official representing the commission laughing at him" when Cooke said he would build in Inglewood. Cooke won the franchise. According to Springer, "Cooke built the Forum. Goodbye, Lakers. Goodbye, Kings."The round, $16 million building was designed by Los Angeles architect Charles Luckman to evoke the Roman Forum.
The arena seats 16,005 for hockey and up to 18,000 for musical concerts. More than 70% of the seats are between the goals, no seat is more than 170 feet from the playing surface. Steve Ballmer, who owns the Los Angeles Clippers, is looking to build a new arena blocks away from The Forum; the arena would compete directly with The Forum in regard to other large scale events. The Clippers' current lease at the Staples Center expires in 2024, Ballmer is hoping that the team can have its own basketball-specific arena. Several lawsuits were filed to attempt to prevent the construction of the competing arena. In December 2018, the Clippers filed a countersuit against The Madison Square Garden Company alleging that the company is trying to prevent competition. In March 2019, leaked emails revealed that Irving Azoff attempted to lure the Los Angeles Lakers back to The Forum after their lease at the Staples Center was up. Despite nothing coming of the proposal, Azoff's proposal to re-purpose The Forum was seen as a way of preventing the LA Clippers from building their own arena in Inglewood and ensuring that the Madison Square Garden Company got an unfair advantage over rival AEG, which owns part of the Lakers.
The Forum became a landmark in greater Los Angeles due to the Lakers' success and the Hollywood celebrities seen there. It hosted music concerts, boxing matches and U. S. political events. The arena is sometimes called the "Los Angeles Forum" or the "L. A. Forum" to distinguish it from other places with the name "Forum". Cream played two shows during the band's farewell tour, on October 18–19, 1968, with Deep Purple the opening act; the band's show of October 19 produced the live tracks on their farewell LP, Goodbye. Deep Purple recorded their part of the show, released as a live album entitled Inglewood – Live in California; the Rolling Stones performed at the Forum during their 1972 and 1975 North American tours. Steppenwolf played there during their At Your Birthday Party tour on July 14, 1969, with Three Dog Night the opening act. Three Dog Night recorded their set, released as a live album entitled Captured Live at the Forum. Between 1970 and 1977 Led Zeppelin perfo
The Detroit Pistons are an American professional basketball team based in Detroit, Michigan. The Pistons compete in the National Basketball Association as a member of the league's Eastern Conference Central Division and plays its home games at Little Caesars Arena; the team was founded in Fort Wayne, Indiana as the Fort Wayne Pistons in 1941, a member of the National Basketball League where it won two NBL championships: in 1944 and 1945. The Pistons joined the Basketball Association of America in 1948; the NBL and BAA merged to become the NBA in 1949, the Pistons became part of the merged league. Since moving to Detroit in 1957, the Pistons have won three NBA championships: in 1989, 1990 and 2004; the Detroit Pistons franchise was founded as the Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons, a National Basketball League team, in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Owner Fred Zollner's Zollner Corporation was a foundry that manufactured pistons for car and locomotive engines; the Zollner Pistons were NBL champions in 1944 and 1945.
They won the World Professional Basketball Tournament in 1944, 1945 and 1946. In 1948, the team became the Fort Wayne Pistons. In 1949, Fred Zollner brokered the formation of the National Basketball Association from the BAA and the NBL at his kitchen table. There are suggestions that Pistons players conspired with gamblers to shave points and throw various games during the 1953–54 and 1954–55 seasons. In particular, there are accusations that the team may have intentionally lost the 1955 NBA Finals to the Syracuse Nationals. In the decisive Game 7, the Pistons led 41–24 early in the second quarter before the Nationals rallied to win the game; the Nationals won on a free throw by George King with twelve seconds left in the game. The closing moments included a palming turnover by the Pistons' George Yardley with 18 seconds left, a foul by Frank Brian with 12 seconds left that enabled King's winning free throw, a turnover by the Pistons' Andy Phillip in the final seconds which cost them a chance to attempt the game winning shot.
Though the Pistons enjoyed a solid local following, Fort Wayne's small size made it difficult for them to be profitable as other early NBA teams based in smaller cities started folding or relocating to larger markets. After the 1956–57 season, Zollner decided that Fort Wayne was too small to support an NBA team and announced the team would be playing elsewhere in the coming season, he settled on Detroit. Although it was the fifth largest city in the United States at the time, Detroit had not seen professional basketball in a decade, they lost the Detroit Eagles due to World War II, both the Detroit Gems of the NBL and the Detroit Falcons of the BAA in 1947, the Detroit Vagabond Kings in 1949. Zollner decided to keep the Pistons name, believing it made sense given Detroit's status as the center of the automobile industry; the Pistons played in Olympia Stadium for their first four seasons moved to Cobo Arena. During the 1960s and 1970s, the Pistons were characterized by strong individuals and weak teams.
Some of the superstars who played for the team included Dave DeBusschere, Dave Bing, Bob Lanier. At one point, DeBusschere was the youngest player-coach in the history of the NBA. A trade during the 1968–69 season sent DeBusschere to the New York Knicks for Howard Komives and Walt Bellamy, both of whom were in the stages of their careers. DeBusschere became a key player in leading the Knicks to two NBA titles. In 1974, Zollner sold the team to glass magnate Bill Davidson, who remained the team's principal owner until his death in 2009. While the Pistons did qualify for the postseason in four straight seasons from 1974 to 1977, they never had any real sustained success. In 1978, Davidson became displeased with Cobo Arena, but opted not to follow the Red Wings to the under-construction Joe Louis Arena. Instead, he moved the team to the suburb of Pontiac, where they played in the 82,000 capacity Silverdome, a structure built for professional football; the Pistons stumbled their way out of the 1970s and into the 1980s, beginning with a 16–66 record in 1979–80 and following up with a 21–61 record in 1980–81.
The 1979–80 team lost its last 14 games of the season which, when coupled with the seven losses at the start of the 1980–81 season, comprised a then-NBA record losing streak of 21 games. The franchise's fortunes began to turn in 1981, when they drafted point guard Isiah Thomas from Indiana University. In November 1981, the Pistons acquired Vinnie Johnson in a trade with the Seattle SuperSonics, they would acquire center Bill Laimbeer in a trade with the Cleveland Cavaliers in February 1982. Another key move by the Pistons was the hiring of head coach Chuck Daly in 1983; the Pistons had a tough time moving up the NBA ladder. In 1984, the Pistons lost a tough five-game series to the underdog New York Knicks, 3–2. In the 1985 playoffs, Detroit won its first-round series and faced the defending champion Boston Celtics in the conference semifinals. Though Boston would prevail in six games, Detroit's surprise performance promised that a rivalry had begun. In the 1985 NBA draft, the team selected Joe Dumars 18th overall, a selection that would prove to be wise.
They acquired Rick Mahorn in a trade with the Washington Bullets. However, the team took a step backwards, losing in the first round of the 1986 playoffs to the more athletic Atlanta Hawks. After the series, changes were made in order to make the team more defensive-minded. Prior to the 1986–87 season, the Pistons acquired more key players: John Salley (
A silhouette is the image of a person, object or scene represented as a solid shape of a single color black, with its edges matching the outline of the subject. The interior of a silhouette is featureless, the hole is presented on a light background white, or none at all; the silhouette differs from an outline, which depicts the edge of an object in a linear form, while a silhouette appears as a solid shape. Silhouette images may be created in any visual artistic media, but were first used to describe pieces of cut paper, which were stuck to a backing in a contrasting colour, framed. Cutting portraits in profile, from black card became popular in the mid-18th century, though the term silhouette was used until the early decades of the 19th century, the tradition has continued under this name into the 21st century, they represented a cheap but effective alternative to the portrait miniature, skilled specialist artists could cut a high-quality bust portrait, by far the most common style, in a matter of minutes, working purely by eye.
Other artists from about 1790, drew an outline on paper painted it in, which could be quick. From its original graphic meaning, the term silhouette has been extended to describe the sight or representation of a person, object or scene, backlit, appears dark against a lighter background. Anything that appears this way, for example, a figure standing backlit in a doorway, may be described as "in silhouette"; because a silhouette emphasises the outline, the word has been used in the fields of fashion and fitness to describe the shape of a person's body or the shape created by wearing clothing of a particular style or period. The word silhouette is derived from the name of Étienne de Silhouette, a French finance minister who, in 1759, was forced by France's credit crisis during the Seven Years' War to impose severe economic demands upon the French people the wealthy; because of de Silhouette's austere economies, his name became synonymous with anything done or made cheaply and so with these outline portraits.
Prior to the advent of photography, silhouette profiles cut from black card were the cheapest way of recording a person's appearance. The term silhouette, although existing from the 18th century, was not applied to the art of portrait-making until the 19th century. In the 18th and early 19th century, “profiles” or “shades” as they were called were made by one of three methods: painted on ivory, paper, card, or in reverse on glass; the silhouette is tied in mythology to the origins of art. Pliny the Elder, in his Natural History Books XXXIV and XXXV, recounts the origin of painting. In Chapter 5 of Book XXXV, he writes, “We have no certain knowledge as to the commencement of the art of painting, nor does this enquiry fall under our consideration; the Egyptians assert that it was invented among themselves, six thousand years before it passed into Greece. As to the Greeks, some say that it was invented at others at Corinth. In Chapter 15, he tells the story of Butades of Corinth: “Butades, a potter of Sicyon, was the first who invented, at Corinth, the art of modelling portraits in the earth which he used in his trade.
It was through his daughter. Upon seeing this, her father filled in the outline, by compressing clay upon the surface, so made a face in relief, which he hardened by fire along with other articles of pottery.” In accord with the myth, Greek Black-figure pottery painting known as the black-figure style or black-figure ceramic employs the silhouette and characteristic profile views of figures and objects on pottery forms. The pots themselves exhibit strong forms in outline that are indicators of their purpose, as well as being decorative. For the depiction of portraits, the profile image has marked advantage over a full-face image in many circumstances, because it depends upon the proportions and relationship of the bony structures of the face making the image is clear and simple. For this reason profile portraits have been employed on coinage since the Roman era; the early Renaissance period saw a fashion for painted profile portraits and people such as Federico da Montefeltro and Ludovico Sforza were depicted in profile portraits.
The profile portrait is linked to the silhouette. Recent research at Stanford University indicates that where previous studies of face recognition have been based on frontal views, studies with silhouettes show humans are able to extract accurate information about gender and age from the silhouette alone; this is an important concept for artists who design characters for visual media, because the silhouette is the most recognisable and identifiable shape of the character. A silhouette portrait can be drawn. However, the traditional method of creating silhouette portraits is to cut them from lightweight black cardboard, mount them on a pale background; this was the work of specialist artists workin
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar is an American retired professional basketball player who played 20 seasons in the National Basketball Association for the Milwaukee Bucks and the Los Angeles Lakers. During his career as a center, Abdul-Jabbar was a record six-time NBA Most Valuable Player, a record 19-time NBA All-Star, a 15-time All-NBA selection, an 11-time NBA All-Defensive Team member. A member of six NBA championship teams as a player and two more as an assistant coach, Abdul-Jabbar twice was voted NBA Finals MVP. In 1996, he was honored as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History. NBA coach Pat Riley and players Isiah Thomas and Julius Erving have called him the greatest basketball player of all time. After winning 71 consecutive basketball games on his high school team in New York City, Alcindor was recruited by Jerry Norman, the assistant coach of UCLA, where he played for coach John Wooden on three consecutive national championship teams and was a record three-time MVP of the NCAA Tournament.
Drafted with the first overall pick by the one-season-old Bucks franchise in the 1969 NBA draft, Alcindor spent six seasons in Milwaukee. After leading the Bucks to its first NBA championship at age 24 in 1971, he took the Muslim name Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. Using his trademark "skyhook" shot, he established himself as one of the league's top scorers. In 1975, he was traded to the Lakers, with whom he played the final 14 seasons of his career and won five additional NBA championships. Abdul-Jabbar's contributions were a key component in the "Showtime" era of Lakers basketball. Over his 20-year NBA career, his teams succeeded in making the playoffs 18 times and got past the first round 14 times. At the time of his retirement at age 42 in 1989, Abdul-Jabbar was the NBA's all-time leader in points scored, games played, minutes played, field goals made, field goal attempts, blocked shots, defensive rebounds, career wins, personal fouls, he remains the all-time leader in points scored and career wins.
He is ranked third all-time in blocked shots. In 2007, ESPN voted him the greatest center of all time, in 2008, they named him the "greatest player in college basketball history", in 2016, they named him the second best player in NBA history. Abdul-Jabbar has been an actor, a basketball coach, a best-selling author. In 2012, he was selected by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to be a U. S. global cultural ambassador. In 2016, President Barack Obama awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor Jr. was born in New York City, the only child of Cora Lillian, a department store price checker, Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor Sr. a transit police officer and jazz musician. He grew up in the Dyckman Street projects in the Inwood neighborhood of Upper Manhattan. Alcindor was unusually tall from a young age. At birth he weighed 12 lb 11 oz and was 22 1⁄2 inches long, by the age of nine he was 5 ft 8 in tall. By the eighth grade he had grown to 6 ft 8 in tall and could slam dunk a basketball.
Alcindor began his record-breaking basketball accomplishments when he was in high school, where he led coach Jack Donahue's Power Memorial Academy team to three straight New York City Catholic championships, a 71-game winning streak, a 79–2 overall record. This earned him a nickname—"The tower from Power", his 2,067 total points were a New York City high school record. The team won the national high school boys basketball championship when Alcindor was in 10th and 11th grade and was runner-up his senior year. Alcindor had a strained relationship with his coach. In his 2017 book "Coach Wooden and Me," Abdul-Jabbar relates an incident where Donahue called him a nigger. Alcindor played on the UCLA freshman team in 1966 only because the "freshman rule" was in effect, but his prowess was well known, he received national coverage when he made his varsity debut in 1967: Sports Illustrated described him as "The New Superstar." From 1967 to 1969, he played on the varsity under head coach John Wooden. He was the main contributor to the team's three-year record of 88 wins and only two losses: one to the University of Houston in which Alcindor had an eye injury, the other to crosstown rival USC who played a "stall game".
In his first game, Alcindor scored 56 points. During his college career, Alcindor was twice named Player of the Year. In 1967 and 1968, he won USBWA College Player of the Year, which became the Oscar Robertson Trophy. Alcindor became the only player to win the Helms Foundation Player of the Year award three times; the 1965–66 UCLA Bruin team was the preseason #1. On November 27, 1965, the freshman team, led by Alcindor, defeated the varsity 75–60 in the first game in the new Pauley Pavilion. Alcindor had 21 rebounds in what was a good indication of things to come. After the game, the UCLA varsity was # 2 on campus. If the "freshman rule" had not been in effect at that time, UCLA would have had a much better chance of winning the 1966 National Championship. Alcindor had considered transferring to Michigan because of unfulfilled recruiting promises. UCLA player Willie Naul
Terry Gilbert Dischinger is a retired American basketball player in the National Basketball Association. Dischinger was a 3 × NBA All-Star and the 1963 NBA Rookie of the Year after averaging 28 points per game in his three seasons at Purdue University. In 2010, the 1960 United States men's Olympic basketball team of which Dischinger was a member, was collectively inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Dischinger practiced orthodontics after his NBA career. Dischinger attended James A. Garfield High School in Indiana; the son of the football coach, Dischinger was a 3-year letter winner in basketball and was twice being named the Purple Eagles' MVP. During his senior season, he was selected as Captain and was the MVP of the 1958 Indiana All-Star team. Dischinger was a 1958 Parade Magazine All-American. During his high school career, Dischinger earned All-State honors in basketball, while being coached by Willard Kehrt, in football and track, being coached by his father, Donas Dischinger.
As a High School Freshman, he was a member of Terre Haute's 1955 Babe Ruth League world championship baseball team. He was a member of Garfield High's 1955 IHSAA Sectional Championship team. City rival, Terre Haute Gerstmeyer Tech, was the main opposition to Garfield during Dischinger's career. Dischinger attended Purdue University in West Lafayette, where he played under Coach Ray Eddy in the Big Ten Conference. In his first varsity season as a sophomore, the 6'7", 190 lb guard/forward was named a Second Team All-American, leading the 11-12 Boilermakers, averaging 26.3 points and 14.3 rebounds. On January 9, 1960, Terry pulled down 26 rebounds against Wisconsin, the second most in a game behind Carl McNulty's school record of 27 in 1951. Dishinger made the 1960 Olympic Team after his sophomore season. During his junior season, Purdue finished 16-7. Dischinger was named a First Team All-American and led the conference in scoring with 28.2 points and 13.4 rebounds a game. He made a single-game school record 21 free throws against Iowa on February 27, 1961.
Purdue finished 17-7 in Dischinger's senior season. On Christmas Day in 1961, Dischinger scored a career high 52 points against Michigan State on 19 field goals and 14 free throws; the 52 points broke Jerry Lucas' prior Big Ten Conference record of 48. In his last college game against Michigan on March 12, 1962, Dischinger played with a sprained ankle and scored 30 points, his 459 total points in his senior season led the conference in scoring for a third consecutive season. He was named a second straight First Team All-American while leading the Big Ten Conference in both scoring, rebounding, he attempted. When he left Purdue, Dischinger held every Purdue scoring record. Many were broken by the likes of Dave Schellhase and Rick Mount within that next decade. Dischinger was named All-Big Ten 3 consecutive seasons and selected as the Purdue MVP for each season, he holds school records for nine 40+ point games, 713 made free throws with 871 attempted, 14.3 rebounds a game and the second most in a career with 958 behind Joe Barry Carroll's 1,148 mark.
Terry averaged 28.3 points a game in his three varsity seasons, in which he led the conference in scoring each season. He's the sixth highest scorer in Boilermaker history with a total of 1,979 points. Overall, Dischinger averaged a double-double of 28.3 points and 13.7 rebounds, shooting 55.3% from the floor and 81.9% from the line in 70 career games at Purdue. Dischinger was selected to the USA men's basketball team that won the gold medal in the 1960 Rome Olympics under head coach Pete Newell; as a starting guard/forward, he was teamed with future Basketball Hall of Famers Oscar Robertson, Jerry West, Jerry Lucas. The team was named to the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame in 2010, he started scoring 94 totals points, with an 11.8 avg. He was the #4 scorer on the team."It was a fairy tale because I played with my idol, Oscar Robertson. The experience made me a much better player.” Said Dischinger. Dischinger was the first pick of the second round by the Chicago Zephyrs in the 1962 NBA draft. Dischinger had an immediate impact in the NBA, as won the NBA Rookie of the Year Award in the 1962–1963 season, averaging 25.5 points, 8.0 rebounds and 3.1 assists in 57 games.
The Zephyrs finished 25-55 under coaches Jack McMahon and Slick Leonard.“During my rookie year I wanted to obtain my Chemical Engineering degree from Purdue, so Chicago let me attend school and play on weekends and holidays." Dischinger recalled. "One time after class I left Purdue at 4 PM, taped my ankles in a cab and played that night in San Francisco. It wasn’t that tough of a year because I received my degree, the rookie of the year award, was paid to play the game I loved.”Dischinger was named rookie of the year over four future Hall of Famers, whom he joined on the 1962-1963 NBA All-Rookie Team: Zelmo Beaty, Dave DeBusschere, John Havlicek and Chet Walker. After his rookie season the Zephyrs became the Baltimore Bullets. In his second season, Dischinger averaged 20.8 points and 8.3 rebounds as Baltimore finished 31-49 under Hall of Fame Coach Leonard. Dischinger playing alongside future Hall of Famers Walt Bellamy and Rod Thorn, as well as Kevin Loughery, Gene Shue and Sihugo Green. In his third season in the NBA, Dieschiger was traded to the Detroit Pistons.
On June 18, 19
New York Knicks
The New York Knickerbockers, more referred to as the Knicks, are an American professional basketball team based in the borough of Manhattan, in New York City. The Knicks compete in the National Basketball Association as a member of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference; the team plays its home games at Madison Square Garden, an arena they share with the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League. They are one of two NBA teams located in New York City. Alongside the Boston Celtics, the Knicks are one of two original NBA teams still located in its original city; the team, established by Ned Irish in 1946, was one of the founding members of the Basketball Association of America, which became the NBA after merging with the rival National Basketball League in 1949. The Knicks were successful during their early years and were constant playoff contenders under the franchise's first head coach Joe Lapchick. Beginning in 1950, the Knicks made three consecutive appearances in the NBA Finals, all of which were losing efforts.
Lapchick resigned in 1956 and the team subsequently began to falter. It was not until the late 1960s when Red Holzman became head coach that the Knicks began to regain their former dominance. Holzman guided the Knicks to two NBA championships, in 1970 and 1973; the Knicks of the 1980s had mixed success. The playoff-level Knicks of the 1990s were led by future Hall of Fame center Patrick Ewing. During this time, they were known for playing tough defense under head coaches Pat Riley and Jeff Van Gundy, making two appearances in the NBA Finals, in 1994 and 1999. However, they were unable to win an NBA championship during this era. Since 2000, the Knicks have struggled to regain their former glory, but won its first division title in 19 years in 2012–13, led by a core of forwards Carmelo Anthony and Amar'e Stoudemire, they were eliminated in the Eastern Conference semi-finals by the Indiana Pacers, have failed to make the playoffs since. In 1946, basketball college basketball, was a growing and profitable sport in New York City.
Hockey generated considerable profits. Max Kase, a New York sportswriter, became the sports editor at the Boston American in the 1930s, when he met Boston Garden owner Walter A. Brown. Kase developed the idea of an organized professional league to showcase college players upon their graduation and felt it could become profitable if properly assembled. Brown, intrigued by the opportunity to attain additional income when the hockey teams were not playing or on the road, contacted several arena owners. On June 6, 1946, Kase and Brown and a group of seventeen others assembled at the Commodore Hotel in New York City, as the Basketball Association of America, where charter franchises were granted to major cities throughout the country. Ned Irish, a college basketball promoter, retired sportswriter and president of Madison Square Garden, was in attendance. Kase planned to own and operate the New York franchise himself and approached Irish with a proposal to lease the Garden. Irish explained that the rules of the Arena Managers Association of America stated that Madison Square Garden was required to own any professional teams that played in the arena.
On the day of the meeting, Kase made his proposal to the panel of owners. Irish wanted a distinct name for his franchise, representative of the city of New York, he called together members of his staff for a meeting to cast their votes in a hat. After tallying the votes, the franchise was named the Knickerbockers; the "Knickerbocker" name comes from the pseudonym used by Washington Irving in his book A History of New York, a name that became applied to the descendants of the original Dutch settlers of what became New York, by extension, to New Yorkers in general. In search of a head coach, Irish approached successful St. John's University coach Joe Lapchick in May 1946. Lapchick accepted after Irish promised to make him the highest paid coach in the league. Irish obliged, hiring former Manhattan College coach Neil Cohalan as interim coach for the first year. With no college draft in the league's initial year, there was no guarantee that the Knicks or the league itself would thrive. Teams focused on signing college players from their respective cities as a way to promote the professional league.
The Knicks held their first training camp in the Catskill Mountains at the Nevele Country Club. Twenty-five players were invited to attend the three-week session. Players worked out twice a day and the chemistry between the New York natives was instant. With a roster assembled, the Knicks faced the Toronto Huskies at Toronto's Maple Leaf Gardens on November 1, 1946, in what would be the franchise's first game—as well as the first in league history. In a low-scoring affair presented in front of 7,090 spectators, the Knicks defeated the Huskies 68–66 with Leo Gottlieb leading the Knicks in scoring with 14 points. With Madison Square Garden's crowded schedule, the Knicks were forced to play many of their home games at the 69th Regiment Armory during the team's early years; the Knicks went on to finish their inaugural campaign with a 33–27 record and achieved a playoff berth under Cohalan despite a dismal shooting percentage of 28 perce
William Walton Sharman was an American professional basketball player and coach. He is known for his time with the Boston Celtics in the 1950s, partnering with Bob Cousy in what some consider the greatest backcourt duo of all time; as a coach, Sharman won titles in the ABL, ABA, NBA, is credited with introducing the now ubiquitous morning shootaround. He was the first North American sports figure to win a championship as a player and executive, he was a 10-time NBA champion, a 12-time World Champion in basketball overall counting his ABL and ABA titles. Sharman is a two-time Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame inductee, having been being inducted in 1976 as a player, in 2004 as a coach. Only John Wooden, Lenny Wilkens and Tommy Heinsohn share this double honor. Sharman completed high school in the Central California city of California, he served during World War II from 1944 to 1946 in the US Navy, was a graduate of the University of Southern California. He played 1st base on the 1948 USC Trojans' College World Series championship team.
Following his senior year, Sharman was selected as one of the 1950 NCAA Men's Basketball All-Americans. From 1950 to 1955 Sharman played professional baseball in the Brooklyn Dodgers minor league system, he did not appear in a game. He was part of a September 27 game in which the entire Brooklyn bench was cleared from the dugout for arguing with the home plate umpire over a ruling at the plate; this has led to the legend that Sharman holds the distinction of being the only player in baseball history to have been ejected from a major league game without appearing in one. However, although Sharman was among the Dodger bench players that had to go to the clubhouse, none of them were barred from playing in the game. In fact, in the top of the ninth, one of the other dismissed players, Wayne Terwilliger, was used as a pinch-hitter in the game. Sharman was drafted by the Washington Capitols in the 2nd round of the 1950 NBA draft. Following the disbanding of the Capitols, he was selected by the Fort Wayne Pistons in the dispersal draft and was subsequently traded to the Boston Celtics for Chuck Share prior to the 1951–52 season.
Sharman played a total of ten seasons for the Celtics, leading the team in scoring between the 1955–56 and 1958–59 seasons and averaging over 20 points per game during three of them. Sharman was one of the first NBA guards to shoot better than.400 from the field. He led the NBA in free throw percentage a record seven times, his mark of 93.2% in the 1958–59 season remained the NBA record until Ernie DiGregorio topped it in 1976–77. Sharman still holds the record for consecutive free throws in the playoffs with 56. Sharman was named to the All-NBA First Team from 1956 through 1959, was an All-NBA Second Team member in 1953, 1955, 1960. Sharman played in scoring in double figures in seven of them, he was named the 1955 NBA All-Star Game MVP after scoring ten of his fifteen points in the fourth quarter. Sharman still holds the NBA All-Star Game record for field goals attempted in a quarter with 12. Sharman ended his NBA playing career after 11 seasons in 1961. Sharman coached the Cleveland Pipers of the American Basketball League to the league championship in 1962.
He next went on to coach Los Angeles State for two seasons. In 1970–71 he coached the Utah Stars to an ABA title and was a co-recipient of the ABA Coach of the Year honors. After resigning as coach for the Utah Stars, Sharman signed a contract to coach the Los Angeles Lakers. Controversy ensued when the owner of the Utah Stars brought suit against Sharman for breach of contract stemming from his resignation, a tort case against the owner of the Los Angeles Lakers for inducing such breach of contract. Sharman was ordered to pay $250,000 in damages, but appealed the trial court decision and reversed the judgement; the following season, he guided the Wilt Chamberlain and Jerry West-led Los Angeles Lakers to an NBA record 33 game win streak, a then-record 69-13 win-loss mark, the first Lakers championship in Los Angeles and the first for the team in more than a decade. That season, Sharman was named NBA Coach of the Year, he is one of two men to win ABA championships as a coach. Sharman invented, he took the shootaround with him to his first coaching jobs in the ABL, the ABA, the NBA.
After the Lakers won the championship in 1972, every other team in the league added the shootaround to its game-day regimen. Sharman was enshrined in the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1976 as a player and again in 2004 as a coach, he is one of only four people to be enshrined in both categories, the others being John Wooden, Lenny Wilkens and his former teammate Tom Heinsohn. In 1971, Sharman was named to the NBA 25th Anniversary Team. On October 29, 1996, Sharman was named one of the NBA's 50 Greatest Players; as Lakers General Manager, Sharman built the 1980 and 1982 NBA Championship teams, as Lakers President he oversaw the 1985, 1987 and 1988 NBA Championship teams. Sharman retired from the Lakers front office in 1991 at age 65. Sharman was the author of two books, Sharman on Basketball Shooting and The Wooden-Sharman Method: A Guide to Winning Basketball with John Wooden and Bob Selzer; the gymnasium at Po