The 1972–73 NHL season was the 56th season of the National Hockey League. Sixteen teams each played 78 games. Two new teams, the New York Islanders and the Atlanta Flames, made their debuts; the Montreal Canadiens won the Stanley Cup by beating the Chicago Black Hawks four games to two in the Stanley Cup Final. Prior to the start of the season, the 1972 Summit Series took place, it was the first meeting between Soviet Union and NHL calibre Canadian ice hockey players. Canada expected to beat the Soviets, but were shocked to find themselves with a losing record of one win, two losses, a tie after four games in Canada. In game four, which Canada lost 5–3, Vancouver fans echoed the rest of Canada's thoughts of Team Canada's poor performance by booing them off the ice; the final four games were played in the Soviet Union. Canada lost game five, but won the last three for a final record of four wins, three losses, a tie. For the first time since the collapse of the Western Hockey League in 1926, the National Hockey League had serious competition.
A new professional hockey league, the World Hockey Association, made its season debut with 12 new teams, half of which were based in cities with existing NHL teams. Unlike the Western Hockey League, the new World Hockey Association would not challenge for the Stanley Cup. In response to the new league, the NHL hastily added two new teams in an unplanned expansion, the New York Islanders and Atlanta Flames, in an attempt to exclude the WHA from newly constructed arenas in those markets. In February 1972, the Miami Screaming Eagles of the WHA signed Bernie Parent to a contract, when Bobby Hull was signed on June 27, 1972, to play with the Winnipeg Jets, the Chicago Black Hawks sued, claiming a violation of the reserve clause in NHL contracts. Others soon followed Hull to the WHA, including, J. C. Tremblay, Ted Green, Gerry Cheevers and Johnny McKenzie. In the expansion draft, the New York Islanders and Atlanta Flames made their picks and eleven Islander players skipped off to the WHA; the California Golden Seals, chafing under the unorthodox ownership of the unpopular Charlie Finley, were a victim of the WHA, losing eight key players.
The Montreal Canadiens took over first place in the East Division and the league from the Boston Bruins while for the third consecutive season the Chicago Black Hawks dominated the West Division. No teams in the playoffs swept their opponents, the last time this would happen until 1991. In addition, the Chicago Black Hawks reached the Stanley Cup Finals without a captain, the last time this would happen until 2014; the Montreal Canadiens finished first in the league with 120 points. The Buffalo Sabres finished fourth with 88 points; this was the first playoff meeting between these two teams. This was the Buffalo Sabres' first playoff appearance in their third season since entering the league in the 1970–71 NHL season. Montreal won the five-game regular season series earning six of ten points; the Boston Bruins finished second in the East Division with 107 points. The New York Rangers finished third in the East Division with 102 points; this was the ninth playoff meeting between these two teams with Boston winning six of the eight previous series.
They last met in the previous year's Stanley Cup Finals. The teams split this year's six-game regular season series; the Chicago Black Hawks finished first in the West Division with 93 points. The St. Louis Blues finished fourth in the West Division with 76 points; this was the first playoff meeting between these two teams. The teams split this year's six-game regular season series; the Philadelphia Flyers and Minnesota North Stars finished tied for second in the West Division each with 85 points. This was the first playoff meeting between these two teams. Philadelphia won three of the five games in this year's regular season series; this was the first playoff meeting between these two teams. The teams split this year's five-game regular season series; this was the fifth playoff meeting between these two teams with Chicago winning three of the four previous series. They last met in the previous year's Stanley Cup Semifinals; the teams split this year's five-game regular season series. Montreal made twenty-seventh Finals appearance.
This was the sixteenth playoff meeting between these two teams with Montreal winning ten of the fifteen previous series. Chicago won three of the five games in this year's regular season series. Source: NHL. Note: GP = Games played; the following is a list of players of note who played their first NHL game in 1972–73: Dan Bouchard, Atlanta Flames Jacques Richard, Atlanta Flames Jim Schoenfeld, Buffalo Sabres Phil Russell, Chicago Black Hawks Robbie Ftorek, Detroit Red Wings Steve Shutt, Montreal Canadiens Larry Robinson, Montreal Canadiens Bob Nystrom, New York Islanders Billy Harris
Laura B. Eisenstein was a Professor in the Physics department at the University of Illinois until her early death. Eisenstein was known for her contributions to the understanding of light-energy transduction mechanisms in biological molecules and their higher order assemblies, she was an experimentalist and spectroscopist, well known for her contributions applying the techniques of x-ray absorption spectroscopy and time-resolved resonance Raman spectroscopy to the study of biomolecules. These studies indicated that phenomena such as quantum-mechanical tunnelling can be investigated in soft-matter systems like proteins. Eisenstein was born in New York and received her A. B. in Physics from Barnard College and her A. M. in Physics from Columbia University. She would go on to receive her Ph. D. in Physics from Harvard University. Upon graduation in 1969, Eisenstein joined the faculty of the Department of Physics the University of Illinois where she was a member of the high-energy physics group. Although her doctorate and independent research career was situated in the field of experimental high-energy physics, around 1972 Eisenstein would begin her transition into the field of biophysics.
She was captivated by opportunities associated with the study of protein and biomolecular dynamics and most photocycles thereof. Eisenstein's career shift into biophysics and the spectroscopy of biomolecules would be facilitated by the collaborations she would instigate in the 1970s and thereafter, she more formally began her career shift in 1973 with a one-year appointment as a NATO postdoctoral fellow at the Institut de Biologie, Physico-Chimique in Paris where she worked with Pierre Douzou. Upon her return to the faculty at University of Illinois she would initiate collaborations with faculty at the University of Illinois in biochemistry and physics, including Clyde Gunsalus and Hans Frauenfelder. Through these collaborations she would continue her temperature dependent studies of protein dynamics. An important extension of her work in temperature-dependent spectroscopy of biomolecules would be the study of protein motion and the key realization that quantum mechanical tunneling can be investigated in complex and disordered experimental systems like proteins.
Despite her shift of research area, Eisenstein would go on to become a permanent member of the Physics faculty at the University of Illinois in 1980. Her independent research team would focus on the study of photocycles through the two experimental systems, bacteriorhodopsin and rhodopsin; this effort would engage and foster collaborations with scientists including Tom Ebrey, Koiji Nakanishi, Julian Sturtevant, alongside members of the Biophysics Institute at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Eisenstein was considered a outstanding young biophysicist in her field; the year of her death, Eisenstein was elected a Fellow of the American Chemical Society by the Division of Biophysical Physics for her scientific discoveries and in recognition of her status as a rising star in the field. The APS Fellowship Program is a distinct honor within the society and for members of the physics community at-large, awarded annually awarded to no more than 0.5% of the society's membership for the individual's "exceptional contributions to the physics enterprise".
Outside of her scientific discoveries, Eisenstein was known for her collaborative spirit and commitment to topics concerning women in science. She served on the American Physical Society Committee for the Status of Women for five years, including a year as Chair from 1983-1984. Following her death, the Laura Eisenstein Memorial Meeting on Biophysical Studies of Retinal Proteins was organized at the University of Illinois in her honor; the Laura B. Eisenstein award at the University of Illinois was established in collaboration with the American Physical Society in her honor to encourage women students in the pursuit of a degree in physics at the University of Illinois; the Laura B. Eisenstein Award is still awarded annually to an Outstanding Woman Student in Physics. At the time of her death in 1985, Eisenstein was married to physicist Bob Eisenstein on the physics faculty at the University of Illinois, was survived by their children. Posthumously, Eisenstein's obituary details how her shift away from the field of high-energy physics was motivated by a conflict between the demands of the field of experimental high-energy physics and the demands of raising a family.
Her search to find an challenging research area that could be pursued with a small research team was one factor that stimulated her interest in the field of protein biophysics. Austin, R. H.. C.. "Activation Energy Spectrum in Myoglobin---a Comment". Physical Review Letters. 34: 845. Bibcode:1975PhRvL..34..845A. Doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.34.845. Alberding, N.. M.. "Tunneling in ligand binding to heme proteins". Science. 192: 1002–1004. Bibcode:1976Sci...192.1002A. Doi:10.1126/science.1273579. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 1273579. Eisenstein, Laura. "Behaviour of octopus rhodopsin and its photoproducts at low temperatures". Nature. 287: 461–462. Bibcode:1980Natur.287..461T. Doi:10.1038/287461a0. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 7432472. Marque, J.. "Pressure effects on the photocycle of purple membrane". Biochemistry. 23: 5556–5563. Doi:10.1021/bi00318a027. ISSN 0006-2960. PMID 6509034. Váró, G.. "Infrared studies of water induced conformational
Genetic studies on Jews are part of the population genetics discipline and are used to better understand the chronology of migration provided by research in other fields, such as history, archaeology and paleontology. These studies investigate the origins of various Jewish populations today. In particular, they investigate whether there is a common genetic heritage among various Jewish populations. Studies of autosomal DNA, which look at the entire DNA mixture, show that Jewish populations have tended to form closely related groups in independent communities with most in a community sharing significant ancestry. For populations of the Jewish diaspora, the genetic composition of Ashkenazi and Mizrahi Jewish populations show significant amounts of shared Middle Eastern ancestry. According to Behar and colleagues, this is "consistent with a historical formulation of the Jewish people as descending from ancient Hebrew and Israelites of the Levant" and "the dispersion of the people of ancient Israel throughout the Old World".
Jews living in the North African and Iberian regions show variable frequencies of admixture with the historical non-Jewish population along the maternal lines. In the case of Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews, who are related, the source of non-Jewish admixture is southern European. Behar and colleagues have remarked on an close relationship between Ashkenazi Jews and modern Italians; some studies show that the Bene Israel and Cochin Jews of India, the Beta Israel of Ethiopia, while closely resembling the local populations of their native countries, may have some ancient Jewish descent. Recent studies have been conducted on a large number of homologous chromosomes or autosomes. A 2009 study was able to genetically identify individuals with full or partial Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry. In August 2012, Dr. Harry Ostrer in his book Legacy: A Genetic History of the Jewish People, summarized his and other work in genetics of the last 20 years, concluded that all major Jewish groups share a common Middle Eastern origin.
Ostrer refuted the Khazar theory of Ashkenazi ancestry. Citing autosomal DNA studies, Nicholas Wade estimates that "Ashkenazic and Sephardic Jews have 30 percent European ancestry, with most of the rest from the Middle East." He further noticed that "The two communities seem similar to each other genetically, unexpected because they have been separated for so long." Concerning this relationship he points to Atzmon's conclusions that "the shared genetic elements suggest that members of any Jewish community are related to one another as as are fourth or fifth cousins in a large population, about 10 times higher than the relationship between two people chosen at random off the streets of New York City". Concerning North African Jews, autosomal genetic analysis in 2012 revealed that North African Jews are genetically close to European Jews; this finding "shows that North African Jews date to biblical-era Israel, are not the descendants of natives who converted to Judaism,"Y DNA studies examine various paternal lineages of modern Jewish populations.
Such studies tend to imply a small number of founders in an old population whose members parted and followed different migration paths. In most Jewish populations, these male line ancestors appear to have been Middle Eastern. For example, Ashkenazi Jews share more common paternal lineages with other Jewish and Middle Eastern groups than with non-Jewish populations in areas where Jews lived in Eastern Europe and the French Rhine Valley; this is consistent with Jewish traditions in placing most Jewish paternal origins in the region of the Middle East. A study conducted in 2013 found no evidence of a Khazar origin for Ashkenazi Jews and suggested that "Ashkenazi Jews share the greatest genetic ancestry with other Jewish populations, among non-Jewish populations, with groups from Europe and the Middle East. No particular similarity of Ashkenazi Jews with populations from the Caucasus is evident with the populations that most represent the Khazar region. In this view, analysis of Ashkenazi Jews, together with a large sample from the region of the Khazar Khaganate, corroborates earlier results that Ashkenazi Jews derive their ancestry from populations of the Middle East and Europe, that they possess considerable shared ancestry with other Jewish populations, that there is no indication of a significant genetic contribution either from within or from north of the Caucasus region."
In 2016, together with R. Das, P. Wexler and M. Pirooznia, Elhaik advanced the view that the first Ashkenazi populations to speak the Yiddish language came from areas near four villages in Eastern Turkey along the Silk Road whose names derived from the word "Ashkenaz", arguing that Iranian, Greek and Slav populations converted on that travel route before moving to Khazaria, where a small-scale conversion took place; the study was dismissed by Sergio DellaPergola as a "falsification", noting it failed to include Jewish groups such as the Italkim and Sephardic Jews, to whom Ashkenazi Jews are related genetically. Shaul Stampfer, a professor of Soviet and East European Jewry at the Hebrew University, called Elhaik's research "basically nonsense". Elhaik replied that the DNA of non-Ashkenazic Jews would not affect the origin of DNA hypothesized for the former. Prof. Dovid Katz, founder of Vilnius University's Yiddish Institute criticized the study's linguistic analysis. “The authors have melded accurate but contextually meaningless genetic correlations with laughable linguistic theories that now proliferate, sadly, as a consequence of a much weakened Yiddish academi
Onyekachi Paul Nwoha is a Nigerian footballer who plays as a forward. Onyekachi Nwoha began his career with FC Spiders, before he transferred to Enyimba International in 2001, he played for the Aba based team for one year before moving to League rival Enugu Rangers. In 2003, Nwoha was scouted by Tunisian top club Etoile Sahel. In Tunisia, he played one years before moving to Saudi Arabian United Al-Khaleej Club. In 2005, Nwoha moved to Arabic Emirates club Al Ain Club, he transferred to Metalist Kharkiv in 2006. From January to July 2008,he was loaned out to FC Zorya Luhansk. In summer 2008 he left Metalist Kharkiv and signed with Al Fujairah Sports Club in the UAE Division 1. In February 2012, he left Bahrain to have a trial with the 2011 Malaysia Super League champions, Kelantan FA. Just two days after his arrival, he was offered a contract which he signed and unveiled as the new Kelantan import player. Nwoha made his debut on 14 February 2012 against Selangor FA, he was released from his contract on May 2012
Andrew Rossos is a Macedonian Canadian ٰProfessor Emeritus of History at the University of Toronto. Rossos was born in 1941 in the village of Moschochori, Greece. During the Greek Civil War in 1948, he was evacuated to Czechoslovakia as a refugee child. Rossos attended primary school in Technical School in Prague. In 1958 he graduated from high school in Toronto. Rossos earned a bachelor's degree in history at Michigan State University in 1963 and did his postgraduate studies at the University of Stanford, earning his PhD in 1971. Since he has worked at the University of Toronto and became a professor there in 1982. At the end of 2008, his book Macedonia and the Macedonians: A History was published, he authored a monograph on Russian foreign policy in the Balkans titled Russia and the Balkans: Inter-Balkan Rivalries and Russian Foreign Policy, 1908-1914. Rossos is an adherent of some controversial views espoused by the national historiography of the Republic of Macedonia, which itself is politicized, because the Macedonian nation-building process has not yet been accomplished.
"The Disintegration of Yugoslavia, Macedonia's Independence, Stability in the Balkans." In War and Change in the Balkans: Nationalism and Cooperation, edited by Brad K. Blitz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. "Great Britain and Macedonian Statehood and Unification, 1940-49". East European Politics and Societies. 14: 119–142. 2000. Doi:10.1177/0888325400014001006. "Incompatible Allies: Greek Communism and Macedonian Nationalism in the Civil War in Greece, 1943-1949". Journal of Modern History. 69: 42–76. 1997. Doi:10.1086/245440. "The British Foreign Office and Macedonian National Identity, 1918-1941." In National Character and National Ideology in Interwar Eastern Europe, edited by Ivo Banac and Katherine Verdey. New Haven: Yale Center for International and Area Studies, 1995. "The Macedonians of Aegean Macedonia: A British Officer's Report, 1944". Slavonic and East European Review. 69: 282–309. 1991. The British Foreign Office and Macedonian National Identity, 1918-1941 Incompatible Allies: Greek Communism and Macedonian Nationalism in the Civil War in Greece, 1943-1949 Macedonia and the Macedonians: A History Canadian Macedonian Historical Society
The Blue Chip Conference is a high school athletic conference in southwestern Indiana, United States. The conference's members are small A or AA high schools located in Daviess, Gibson and Martin counties; the BCC was founded in 1968, with Barr-Reeve, Loogootee, North Daviess, North Knox, South Knox, Springs Valley. Barr-Reeve had to wait until 1969 to be released from the Patoka Valley Conference to play in the league, Loogootee had to wait until 1970 to leave the Southwestern Indiana Conference; the conference grew to 11 schools in the mid-1970s, but for the most part has stabilized at nine schools since with the only exception being the 6 year period between the addition of Wood Memorial in 2000 and loss of Forest Park in 2006 where the count was at 10. North Knox and Wood Memorial are members of the Southwest Football Conference for football. North Knox played in the Western Indiana Conference 1977-81 played independently from 1981 to 1986 before rejoining the BCC. Shoals played concurrently in the BCC and SWIAC from 1977 to 1979.
Wood Memorial has suspended their football program for the 2018-19 season. Bloomfield played concurrently in the SWIAC for its entire BCC duration. Football was discontinued as a conference sport after the 1977-78 school year. Mitchell and Springs Valley would move to the Patoka Lake Conference one year and North Daviess would be an independent until joining the Southwest Seven Conference. Champions before 1993-94 season unverified. Champions before 2000-01 season unverified. 2013 Volleyball 2015 Boys Basketball 2018 Girls Volleyball 2012 Boys Basketball 2020 Girls Basketball 1A Girls Basketball 2017 Girls Basketball 1998 Boys Baseball 1998 Girls Volleyball 2001 Girls Volleyball 2002 Boys Basketball 2007 Boys Basketball 2008 Girls Volleyball 2009 Girls Volleyball 2010 Boys Basketball 2014 Boys Basketball 2015 Girls Basketball 2016 Boys Cross Country - Single Class 2018 Girls Cross Country - Single Class 2007 Girls Basketball 2005 Boys Basketball 1975 Boys Basketball 2012 Girls Volleyball 2007 Girls Volleyball 2006 Girls Volleyball 2005 Girls Volleyball 2009 Girls Basketball 2009 Boys Baseball 2010 Girls Basketball 2018 Girls Basketball 2005 Girls Basketball 2001 Softball 2005 Boys Basketball 2006 Boys Basketball Big Eight Conference Pocket Athletic Conference Patoka Lake Conference IHSAA Conference Membership IHSAA State Champions Southwest Indiana Conference Histories