Radnički Nogometni Klub Split commonly known as RNK Split, is a Croatian football club based in the city of Split. The club had a fanbase in the Splits shipyard. The club was founded on 16 April 1912 as Anarch, but has had names like Borac, Jug, HAŠK, Dalmatinac. During the Spanish Civil War, RNK Split organized an expedition of his volunteers for the fight on the side of the anti-fascist coalition against Francisco Francos forces. In World War II, the club became well-known because 120 of its players were killed fighting on the side Josip Broz Titos Partisans, fighting against Axis forces. After achieving three consecutive promotions from 2008 to 2010, the club went from playing in Croatias fourth tier to playing in the Croatian First League, in the teams first season in the top flight in the 2010–11 season, they achieved a very respectable third spot. They won 5–2 on aggregate and in the qualifying round they were drawn against Premier League side Fulham. Founded as HRŠD Anarch, the clubs first colors were black, HRŠD stood for Hrvatsko radničko športsko društvo.
In 1933, as influence of red youth grew stronger, the changed its colors to all red. During SFR Yugoslavia RNK Split played in the top division four times. The biggest success in the Yugoslav Cup was in the season of 1960–61, HNL Third place, 2010–11 Croatian Football Cup Runners-up, 2014–15 Yugoslav Second League Winner, 1956–57, 1959–60 Croatian Republic Football League Winner, 1983–842. HNL Winner, 1996–97, 1997–98, 2009–103, HNL Winner, 2007–08 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, uefa. com RNK Split at Soccerway Slaven Žužul blog
Red Star Belgrade
They are the only Serbian and ex-Yugoslav club to have won the European Cup, having done so in 1991, and the only team from Eastern Europe to have won the Intercontinental Cup, in 1991. However, since the 1991–92 season, Red Star has failed to qualify in the stages of UEFA Champions League. According to 2008 polls, Red Star Belgrade is the most popular club in Serbia. They have many supporters in all other former Yugoslavian republics and in the Serbian diaspora and their main rivals are fellow Belgrade side Partizan. The championship matches between two clubs are known as The Eternal derby. In September 2009, British Daily Mail ranked the Red Star – Partizan derby fourth among the 10 greatest football rivalries of all time. They got dissolved, because during the German occupation, there was an attempt to organize the league so all the clubs were labelled collaborators by Marshal Titos communist regime, two of the most popular clubs from Belgrade were SK Jugoslavija and BSK Belgrade. The entire BSK Belgrade roster joined along with other players from Belgrade.
The name Red Star was assigned after a long discussion, the initial vice presidents of the Sport Society, Zoran Žujović and Slobodan Ćosić, were the ones who assigned it. Red Star was soon adopted as a symbol of Serbian reactionary element within Yugoslavia, on that day, Red Star played the first football match in the clubs history against the First Battalion of the Second Brigade of KNOJ and won, 3–0. Red Stars first successes involved small steps to recognition, the club won its first championship in 1951. It was a team of players consisting of Stanković, Popović, Mitić, Kostić and those football players, whose names are still remembered, won four Yugoslav championships and two Cups, not missing the opportunity to win every Yugoslav Trophy for five straight seasons. The second leg is notable for being the last game played by the Busby Babes, on the return flight to England the following day, the plane crashed in Munich, West Germany, resulting in the deaths of 23 people including eight Manchester United players.
After the Miljanić era, it was the time of Gojko Zec, whose reign as coach was to last four years. In the following season, Red Star finished second in the league, after eliminating teams like Arsenal, West Bromwich and Hertha BSC, Red Star made for the first time the Cup final. And there, Red Star met Borussia Mönchengladbach, who played five European finals from 1973–80. The Germans, who were backed by about 100,000 fiery supporters, fell behind today a goal from Miloš Šestić, but Jurišić’s own goal gave Gladbach a psychological advantage before the rematch. This game was played at the Rheinstadion in Düsseldorf, where the Italian referee gave a penalty to the Germans
FK Borac Banja Luka
Borac Banja Luka is one of the most successful clubs in Republika Srpska and one of the most popular football clubs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The football club Borac Banja Luka was founded on 4 July 1926 and they were mostly commercial assistants who believed that they could contribute a more efficient fight for workers rights by establishing the football club. The name Borac was given by Masleša who said, If you are going to fight for workers rights, the clubs first president was Rudolf Hiter, and Savo Novaković was named vice president, with supervisory board headed by Đoko Jovanović. Before World War II started and everything related to football. As football attracted more and more attention in the city on the Vrbas river, there was a need for new, the opening ceremony of the newly built stadium took place on September 5,1937, on the ground of the present-day Banja Luka City Stadium. The clubs first success in early period came in 1928. Before World War II, the club in Banja Luka was SK Krajišnik.
In 1945, RSK Borac was renamed in FK Borac Banja Luka, in 1961, Borac was promoted to the Yugoslav First League for the first time, but was promptly dropped back down at the end of the season. The club had to wait for almost a decade for the return to top flight and it was in the 1970/71 season, and the club stayed in the top league for four consecutive seasons. In this period, precisely in 1974, Borac achieved the Yugoslav Cup final and they were defeated by Hajduk Split in Belgrade, and as the runner-up, they have provided placement for the 1975–76 European Cup Winners Cup season. In the first round of Cup Winners Cup, Borac played against US Rumelange from Luxembourg, the first leg was played in Banja Luka where Borac recorded a record win in European competitions by a 9–0. The second leg was won by Borac by 1–5, meaning 14–1 on aggregate, the Red-Blues won the home match but it was 1–3 on aggregate at the end for the Belgians, who became winners of the European Cup Winners Cup that season.
Borac Banja Luka was the team who beat R. S. C Anderlecht in one match during the cup season. In the 1974–75 season, Borac played in the second league, the following nine seasons, Borac spent in the second League, before a final top league period between 1989 and 1992. Boracs best placement in the first League was in 1992, when it finished the season as 4th, in total, Borac played 487 matches in Yugoslav First League during a 46 years long period. From 1988–92, Borac enjoyed the best period in its long history, in 1988, Borac achieved its biggest success. Under coach Husnija Fazlić team won the Yugoslav Cup, the major football competition in the former Yugoslav football. In the final, Borac defeated Yugoslav football giant Red Star by 0–1 at JNA stadium in Belgrade, the historic goal was scored by Senad Lupić, one of the Boracs legends
Omladinski fudbalski klub Beograd is a Serbian professional football club from Belgrade, more precisely from the Karaburma urban neighborhood. It is currently the oldest club in the Serbian first league and is part of the OSD Beograd sport society and its name in English means Belgrade Youth Football Club. The club was founded in 1911 as Beogradski sport klub was one of the most prominent football clubs in Kingdom of Serbia and it was the most successful club between 1923 and 1941, with five national champion titles. BSK played its first game on 13 October 1911 against Šumadija from Kragujevac, in 1945, after the World War II, club was reestablished under the name Metalac by its former members. This club carried the name until 1950, when it was once againe renamed into BSK, but in the 1957, how it all started is just as how the club is living today, never on top but always among the best. Usually, it is in the shadow of the bigger Belgrade clubs, such as Red Star and Partizan, but always in the search of its own identity, on the field, it always went well, but the stadium remained empty.
The problem was the name, it didnt attract the attention of fans, for this reason, in 1950 the club brought back its old name of BSK. A two decade long Golden Era had begun, already in 1953, the club had won the Yugoslav Cup. Three other celebrations followed, in 1955,1962, and 1966, the club was the national vice-champion twice, in 1955 and in 1964, and the club was very rarely standing under 6th position in the league table. In the meantime, the club had changed its name once again, in 1957, the club was baptised into todays OFK Beograd, once again in an attempt to attract spectators to the stadium, especially younger ones who often opted for either Red Star or Partizan. In that time, the players played attractive and lovely football, the 1960s and the first half of the 1970s were years of European glory. OFK Beograd had participated eight times in European competitions and their biggest success came in the 1962–63 European Cup Winners Cup season, playing in the semi-final against Tottenham Hotspur, eventual champions.
In the following ten years, football giants such as S. S. C, Feyenoord and Juventus fell to the blue and white. The Romantičari were not able to take advantage of their success on the domestic, after several successful season, a sudden fall occurred. OFK Beograd was slowly losing its brilliance, during the 1980s, the club has often been changing leagues, from the First Division to the Second. In Karaburma, nothing could remind us of the old glorious days except a few old pictures. The Silent Fall lasted as long as the Golden Era, the tradition could not be forgotten and the club comes back to its old habits in the 1990s. Fourth position in 1992 and 1994 announced a future for OFK in the 21st century
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe.
The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established and episkyros were Greek ball games.
An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
HNK Hajduk Split
HNK Hajduk Split, commonly referred to as Hajduk Split or simply Hajduk, is a professional Croatian football club founded in 1911, and based in the city of Split. The clubs home ground, since 1979, is the 35, 000-seat Poljud Stadium, Hajduk was founded by a group of Split students in a famous tavern known as U Fleků in Prague. Between the early 1920s and 1940, Hajduk regularly participated in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia national championship, following World War II and the formation of the Yugoslav league system in 1946, Hajduk went on to spend the entire SFR Yugoslavia period in top level. Their run continued following the breakup of Yugoslavia, as the joined the Croatian First League in its inaugural season in 1992. The clubs golden era came in the 1970s, when they won four Yugoslav leagues, Hajduk is the only club in Yugoslav football history that has won 5 consecutive Yugoslav cups, and the only unbeaten champion. Hajduks biggest European achievements are three European Cup quarterfinals, one UEFA Cup semifinal, and one Cup Winners Cup semifinal, the clubs main rivals are Dinamo Zagreb, and a match between the two is referred to as the Eternal Derby.
Hajduk Split fans are called Torcida Split, who are the oldest organized firm in Europe, the inspiration of the name were Brazilian fans at the 1950 World Cup that were called Torcida. As of 2008 the club is a company, although not listed on the public stock exchange. It is one of two fan-owned sports teams in Croatia, numbering over 40,000 members and over 50 fan clubs situated mostly across Croatia and Germany. The club was founded in the centuries-old pub U Fleků in Prague, by a group of students from Split, Fabijan Kaliterna, Lucijan Stella, Ivan Šakić and Vjekoslav Ivanišević. They went to the pub following a match between AC Sparta and SK Slavia and decided it was time their own town founded a professional club and they all knew how popular the sport was in their home Split, and how well their friends can play. The club was registered with the authorities on February 13,1911. Be worthy of that great name, Hajduks were romanticized bandits that fought the rule of the Ottoman Turks. It is speculated that famed hajduk Andrija Šimić, who arrived in Split in 1902 to cheering crowds, was perhaps the inspiration for the name.
The founders subsequently designed the emblem, and a group of Catholic nuns from a monastery in Split. Both the name and the board on the crest were found provocative by the Monarchy. Hajduk gathered the pro-Croat party of citizens of Split, Croat unionists or puntari and that is why the club specifically has the name hrvatski nogometni klub and has the Croatian coat-of-arms in its crest. The club itself was against the Austrian-Hungarian governments policy of not allowing the unification of the Croatian provinces, Hajduks first opponent were Calcio Spalato, the club of an autonomist party from in Split, and the match ended with a 9–0 victory for Hajduk
GNK Dinamo Zagreb
Građanski nogometni klub Dinamo Zagreb, commonly referred to as GNK Dinamo Zagreb or simply Dinamo Zagreb, is a professional Croatian football club based in Zagreb. The club was founded in 1911 and they play their home matches at Stadion Maksimir. They are the most successful club in Croatian football, having won 18 Prva HNL titles,14 Croatian Football Cups and four Croatian Football Super Cups. The club has spent its entire existence in top flight, having members of the Yugoslav First League from 1946 to 1991. The club was founded in 1911 as HŠK Građanski, after the Second World War, the new communist regime considered clubs like HAŠK and Građanski as fascist and nationalistic. As such, they were banned, and, in 1945, NK Dinamo was founded as a club to act as a successor to HŠK Građanski. They entered the Yugoslav First League in its inaugural 1946–47 season, in their second season in Yugoslav top flight in 1947–48 they finished as Yugoslav champions which was their first major trophy. The club won three league titles and seven Yugoslav Cups.
Amid the breakup of Yugoslavia and formation of the Croatian football league system, Dinamo are the only Croatian club with European silverware, having won the 1966–67 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup by defeating Leeds United in the final. They finished runners-up in the competition in 1963 when they lost to Valencia. In order to reflect this in June 1991, it was renamed HAŠK Građanski and they won five league titles and participated in the 1998–99 and 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League group stages carrying that name before reverting to Dinamo Zagreb in February 2000. The teams traditional colour is blue, which has been replaced for European matches in recent times with the darker navy blue. The clubs biggest rivals are Hajduk Split, and matches between the two teams are referred to as Eternal Derby, Dinamo are currently reigning Croatian league champions having won their eleventh consecutive Prva HNL title in the 2015–16 season. Another notable match was a 0–0 draw against Manchester United in the 1999–2000 season, in the 21st century, a notable win for Dinamo Zagreb was against Ajax in the 2007–08 season, beating them 3–2 in Amsterdam, and advancing on away goals.
In the immediate aftermath of World War II, the three most successful Zagreb-based clubs—HAŠK, Građanski and Concordia—were all disbanded by an issued by the communist authorities in May 1945. In order to them, a new sports society called FD Dinamo was founded on 9 June 1945. The new club inherited Građanskis colors and fan base, with most of Građanskis players continuing their careers at Dinamo. In the first few years, the club played their matches at Građanskis old ground, Stadion Koturaška
Fudbalski klub Timok is a professional football club from Zaječar, Serbia. They currently compete in the Serbian League East, the tier of the national league system. Founded in 1919, the club participated in the regional leagues during the early Yugoslav era. They achieved their first notable success by defeating Dinamo Zagreb 3–1 in the first round of the 1973 Yugoslav Cup, the club competed for three seasons in the Yugoslav Second League from 1981 until 1984. After the dissolution of the country, the club advanced to the Second League of FR Yugoslavia. They spent two seasons in the Second League of Serbia and Montenegro from 2002 to 2004, when they were relegated to the Serbian League East. The club made one of the greatest achievements in its history during the 2005–06 Serbia, after a 1–1 draw in regular time, Timok won 5–4 on penalties. The club was knocked out of the competition in the quarter-final after losing 0–2 away to Radnički Niš. In 2009, the finished second in the Serbian League East.
After winning the 2011–12 Serbian League East, they were promoted to the Serbian First League. The club spent two seasons in the tier of Serbian football, before being relegated back to the Serbian League East in 2014. Serbian League East 2011–12 The clubs main supporters group is known as Otrovi and they were founded in 1998, celebrating their 10-year anniversary in a Serbian League East fixture with Župa Aleksandrovac on 15 November 2008. The group is situated in the east stand of the stadium. National team players Yaw Antwi Darko Božović Živan Ljukovčan Dragan Pantelić For a list of all Timok players with a Wikipedia article, please see, for a list of all Timok managers with a Wikipedia article, please see, Category, FK Timok managers
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Covering an area of 255,804 km², the SFRY was bordered with Italy to the west, Hungary to the north and Romania to the east and Albania and Greece to the south. In addition, it included two autonomous provinces within Serbia and Vojvodina, the SFRY traces back to 29 June 1943 when the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia was formed during World War II. On 29 November 1945, the Federal Peoples Republic of Yugoslavia was proclaimed after the deposal of King Peter II thus ending the monarchy. Following the death of Tito on 4 May 1980, rising ethnic nationalism in the late 1980s led to dissidence among the multiple ethnicities within the constituent republics. This led to the federation collapsing along the borders, followed by the final downfall and breakup of the federation on 27 April 1992. The term former Yugoslavia is now commonly used retrospectively, the name Yugoslavia, an Anglicised transcription of Jugoslavija, is a composite word made-up of jug and slavija. The Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian word jug means south, while slavija denotes a land of the Slavs, thus, a translation of Jugoslavija would be South-Slavia or Land of the South Slavs.
The term is intended to denote the lands occupied by the six South Slavic nations, Croats, Montenegrins, the full official name of the federation varied significantly between 1945 and 1992. Yugoslavia was formed in 1918 under the name Kingdom of Serbs, the name deliberately left the republic-or-kingdom question open. In 1963, amid pervasive liberal constitutional reforms, the name Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was introduced, the state is most commonly referred to by the latter name, which it held for the longest period of all. The most common abbreviation is SFRY, though SFR Yugoslavia was used in an official capacity, particularly by the media. On 6 April 1941, Yugoslavia was invaded by the Axis powers led by Nazi Germany, by 17 April 1941, Yugoslav resistance was soon established in two forms, the Royal Yugoslav Army and the Yugoslav Partisans. The Partisan supreme commander was Josip Broz Tito, and under his command the movement soon began establishing liberated territories which attracted the attentions of the occupying forces.
The coalition of parties and prominent individuals behind the movement was the Peoples Liberation Front. The Front formed a political body, the Anti-Fascist Council for the Peoples Liberation of Yugoslavia. The AVNOJ, which met for the first time in Partisan-liberated Bihać on 26 November 1942, during 1943, the Yugoslav Partisans began attracting serious attention from the Germans. In two major operations of Fall Weiss and Fall Schwartz, the Axis attempted to stamp-out the Yugoslav resistance once, on both occasions, despite heavy casualties, the Group succeeded in evading the trap and retreating to safety. The Partisans emerged stronger than before and now occupied a significant portion of Yugoslavia