The Liga MX is the top level of the Mexican football league system. Currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA Bancomer, it is known as Liga BBVA Bancomer. Each season, the league holds two tournaments, the Apertura, which starts in the summer, and the Clausura, which starts in the winter. As of 2017, the league comprises 18 clubs, with one being relegated every year based upon its league performances over the three years. The first 8 teams in the table at the end of the phase of the tournament qualify to the liguilla. Up until July 2011, the league was divided into 3 groups, the group formatting was removed in favor of a single-table format. The league is considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of Latin America. Of the 56 teams to have competed in the league, América have won the title a record 12 times, followed by Guadalajara, Toluca, Cruz Azul, León and Pumas UNAM, the current league champions are Tigres UANL, who won the Apertura 2016 tournament. Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national league in Mexico. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a league consisting of teams near. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Amateur de Veracruz, the Liga Occidental De Jalisco, many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was established in 1943. When the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación announced the formation of the nations first professional league, the F. M. F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor. The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, Primera Fuerza, América, Asturias, Atlante, Necaxa, and Marte. Liga Occidental De Jalisco, Atlas and Guadalajara, Liga Amateur de Veracruz, ADO, Veracruz and Moctezuma. The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale, the season following the FIFA World Cup, the F. M. F. Changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion and this was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings
Deportivo Toluca F.C.
Deportivo Toluca Fútbol Club S. A. de C. V. is a professional Mexican football club. Tolucas stadium Nemesio Díez Riega is located in Toluca, State of Mexico in Mexico, Toluca plays in the Liga MX, has been champion ten times and is one of the most successful clubs of Mexico. On 12 February 1917, the brothers Román Alday and Gerardo Ferrat alongside Filiberto Navas, the Teams first official First Division game was against Atlante, in which Toluca won 2 goals by one The team won three consecutive championships in 1966 and 1967 under coach Ignacio Trelles. In 1975 Toluca won the one more time. This is the time the Mexican Championship has been decided by a round-robin, two-legged. In 1997 Enrique Ojitos Meza became the coach of the team, Toluca resurged, its tactical scheme was very offensive, which was very characteristic of its coach. It was not atypical to see scores like 5-3, the offensive idea suited perfectly the Paraguayan José Saturnino Cardozo, who became the best scorer of the league in four occasions. Toluca won the championship in 1998, the first one in twenty years, with Enrique Meza as coach, Toluca won the championship three times in a period of three years. In the Invierno 2001 tournament Ricardo La Volpe became the coach of Toluca and he, along with Cardozo and Vicente Sánchez had one of the most successful and exciting teams in years. However, La Volpe left Toluca with a few left in the season. In Apertura 2006, they tied in the first leg but suffered a loss in the Estadio Nemesio Díez against Guadalajara, in the Clausura 2007 tournament, Toluca had one of their worst seasons, finishing in last place. In the Copa Libertadores 2007, they made it to the round of 16, following the elimination from both tournaments, Gallego resigned from his position stating the need for a year off as his reason for resigning from Club Toluca. José Pekerman, former coach of the Argentine national team, was appointed as coach of Club Toluca on May 30,2007. In the Apertura 2007, Toluca had a better finish than the previous tournament. They were ultimately eliminated by league runner-up Pumas in the quarter-finals of the Apertura 2007 playoffs, Club Toluca failed to qualify for the 2008 Copa Libertadores. On the Apertura 2008, Toluca had a weak start under their new coach, Jose Manuel El Chepo De La Torre and their goalkeeper Hernan Cristante set a record by not allowing any goals for 773 minutes. Toluca would go on to win the Bicentenario 2010 tournament by beating Santos Laguna in a dramatic penalty shoot-out, earning them the cup win. Besides winning the domestic title ten times, Toluca has also been the Runner-Up of the Mexican domestic tournament six times, on the Apertura 2012, Toluca finished first place and therefore earned a place for the Copa Libertadores
Tampico Madero F.C.
Tampico Madero Fútbol Club is a football club that currently plays in the Ascenso MX. The club spent most of the 1970s in the Segunda División de México after being relegated in the early 1960s, in 1977 the club bought out the Atlético Potosino franchise to move it to Tampico in order for the club to have once again first division action. The club played out the 1980s in the first division but was again relegated in the early 1990s and has never again reached the top division. The clubs first official game was played in the 1945–46 tournament against Atlante were the club suffered its first loss with a score of 10–3. The club won its first game on September 30 the same year against Atlas 3–2 first goals scored by Ernesto Olivares. The club finished that year 11th out 16, the club played mediocre tournaments the following years finishing last in the 1948–49 tournament and 9th in the 1949–50 tournament. The club started off the 1950s in the way they had been playing in the 1940s gaining a 9th, 6th place from 1950–52 tournaments. It was until the 1952–53 tournament when the team came together and it was won with 14 victories,6 draws and only 2 losses for a total of 34, a then league record. The club would go on to win the title Campeón de Campeones after defeating Puebla who had won that years Copa México with a score of 3–0, roster from the 1952–53 championship club were. The clubs last notable achievement from 1954–57 when they finished 4th in 1954, 7th in 1955, 6th in 1956, in 1958, they finished last and were relegated to Segundo División. They played 1 year and were returned to Mexican Primera División, the club started out the 1960s with 3 bad consecutive league tournaments but manage to win its only Copa México title in 1961 against Toluca. Nonetheless the club would once again been relegate in 1962–63 tournament. The club played in the division in the 1960s coming up short in the 1964–65. Tournament after finishing tied for first place with Jabatos de nuevol leon having played a match that the club would go on to loss match played in León Guanajuato. The club would go on to play most of the 1970s in the second division till 1977 when the club bought out the San Luis club, the club that played in the second division was sold to Universidad de Guadalajara and became Bachilleres a reserve squad. The club had a tournament in its first year back reaching the semi finalist again Pumas which they would go on to loss that year. The following year the club finished 14th overall and did not reach the play-off spots, in the 1979–80 tournament the club finished 7th and managed to qualified to the play-off group stage where they lost once again and so came the end of the 1970s. In the 1980–81 tournament the club finished 15th in the league, soon after the clubs relegation the city decided to buy out yet another franchise this time buying struggling club in order for the club to remain in the top division. This club was made up from players from the Atletas Campesinos and that year the club struggled once again finishing 14 in the league
1976 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
The 1976 CONCACAF Champions Cup was the 12th edition of the annual international club football competition held in the CONCACAF region, the CONCACAF Champions Cup. It determined that years champion of association football in the CONCACAF region and was played from 6 June 1976 till 13 February 1977. All the matches in the tournament were played under the home/away match system, Águila from El Salvador won the final, and became for the first time CONCACAF champion in their history and the second Salvadoran team to win the trophy. Serbian White Eagles on a bye, Toronto Italia advances to the second round. Originally scheduled for July 16 & August 31, Toluca ask to reschedule the series to September 5 &8, the matches were not played and Toluca was disqualified on Sep.8 León and Toronto Italia advances to the third round. León advances to the CONCACAF Final, group A Águila advances to the third round. Group B Olimpia advances to the second round, Águila on a Bye to the third round Olimpia withdrew Diriangén advances to the third round. Águila advances to the CONCACAF Final, malvern United on a Bye Robinhood, Voorwarts and Tesoro Palo Seco advance to the second round. Robinhood and Voorwarts advance to the third round Robinhood advances to the CONCACAF Final, León abandoned the 2nd leg while leading 2-1 following a fight. Águila was awarded a win 2 -0. * Águila wins the CONCACAF Champions Cup 8–3 on aggregate score
Club de Fútbol Tigres de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León or simply Tigres UANL, is a Liga MX football club in San Nicolás de los Garza, a city in the Monterrey metropolitan area, Mexico. Founded in 1960, the club has spent most of its history in Liga MX, the club had their first major success in the 1975–76 season, becoming the first team from the state of Nuevo León to win a trophy by conquering the Copa MX. In the 1977–78, they won their first Liga MX championship, Tigres has won the Liga MX five times and the Copa MX three times. The team was the 2015 Copa Libertadores runner-up, losing the finals against River Plate, Tigres is the official team of the public University of the state of Nuevo León, the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Their home is the 41,650 capacity Estadio Universitario, located inside the University complex in San Nicolás de los Garza, the teams traditional kit colours are gold and blue. It is one of the two football teams of Nuevo León. Tigres have a rivalry with Monterrey, with whom they have contested the Clásico Regiomontano since 1974. Club de Fútbol Tigres de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León was founded on 7 March 1960 and they previously were named the Jabatos de Nuevo León. In 1967, their venue, the Estadio Universitario was built, in the 1973–74 season, José Ché Gómez guided the team to the title and promotion to the Primera División de México, now Liga MX. They defeated the Leones Negros de la Universidad de Guadalajara for 3–2, in the 1975–76, Tigres won their first domestic cup, the Copa México, against América after winning 3–2. Under the command of Uruguayan coach Carlos Miloc and players such as Tomás Boy and Geronimo Barbadillo, in the quarter-finals of the liguilla, they defeated Estudiantes Tecos by 1–0 and 3–2. In the semi-finals Tigres defeated Cruz Azul 0–1 and 3–0, in the finals they defeated UNAM 2–0 and 1–1. Tigres made their best season ever with 48 points in the 1978–79, in the 1979-80 season, Tigres made it to the finals against Cruz Azul. In the first leg, Cruz Azul won 1–0 at the Estadio Universitario, nonetheless, Tigres still lost the finals by an aggregate scoreline of 4–3. In the 1981–82 season, they won their second League championship against Atlante at the Estadio Azteca, in the quarter-finals of postseason, they tied with Guadalajara 1–1 and 1–1. In the semi-finals, they defeated América 2–0 and 0–1, Tigres won by penalty shoot-out ending 3–1. In the 1983–84, they lost in quarter-finals against Pumas UNAM 1–0, in the 1986–87 season, they lost in the semi-finals against Monarcas Morelia 3–2 and 0–2. In the 1989–90 season, meanwhile, Tigres finished the tournament as the first place of their group with 40 points and they lost in quarter-finals by 3–2 and 1–3 against Club Universidad de Guadalajara
San Luis F.C.
San Luis Fútbol Club, known more commonly as San Luis or San Luis Potosí, was a Mexican professional football club from the city of San Luis Potosí, Mexico. The club was founded in 1957, when they were known as Santos, the teams nickname of Tuneros, a reference to the tuna fruit, was later changed to Gladiadores. The nickname for the team was changed to Reales. The nickname Tribu Real is a reference to the fact that the team was once named Real San Luis, another nickname recently given to the team is the name of El Equipo del Milagro because of the last-minute miracle to stay in the highest division. San Luis play their games at Alfonso Lastras Ramirez Stadium. On May 28,2013 it was confirmed the team would move to Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Mexico, the team began playing the Tercera Division de Mexico where they were able to win the 1969–70 season gaining promotion to Segunda Division. In the 1970–71 season San Luis was able to win Segunda Division and this automatically gave them the promotion to go to Primera Division for the 1971–72 season. Their stint in Primera Division was cut short after losing the playoff against Laguna in the 1973–74 season. It did not take long for San Luis to once again win Segunda Division and in 1975–76 they achieved the title and this would lead to the Potosino classic in the top flight since Atlético Potosino had achieved promotion in the 1973–74 season as semi finalist. Once again their stay in Primera Division did not last long, in the end of a great season in 1976–77 where they reached the championship playoff, the franchise was sold to Tampico Madero who took over their spot in Primera Division. The team returned to Primera Division in the 2002–03 season ending in the mid table position and this stint was short lived since the tournaments after they did not do well and ended up being relegated after the 2003–04 season. Their last stint was in Primera Division was in 2005–06 season when they gain promotion after winning the 2004–05 Primera A, after the 2012–13 season Querétaro was relegated to the Ascenso MX after accumulating the lowest coefficient over the past three seasons. Querétaro would have be replaced by the 2012 Apertura Ascenso MX champion La Piedad and it was also announced that San Luis would move to Tuxtla Gutiérrez and be renamed Chiapas F. C. replacing the new outgoing Querétaro. Finally, La Piedad confirmed that they would relocate to Veracruz. These changes have sparked controversy in the Mexican press as Querétaro effectively bought its place back in the first division, with this San Luis was left without a team in top flight now having only Atlético San Luis, was formed in 2013, in Ascenso MX. Players in italic are still active but are not currently with San Luis