In basketball, a rebound, sometimes colloquially referred to as a board, is a statistic awarded to a player who retrieves the ball after a missed field goal or free throw. Rebounds are given to a player who tips in a missed shot on his team's offensive end. Rebounds in basketball are a routine part in the game, as most possessions change after a shot is made, or the rebound allows the defensive team to take possession. A rebound can be grabbed by either a defensive player. Rebounds are divided into two main categories: "offensive rebounds", in which the ball is recovered by the offensive side and does not change possession, "defensive rebounds", in which the defending team gains possession; the majority of rebounds are defensive because the team on defense tends to be in better position to recover missed shots. Offensive rebounds give the offensive team another opportunity to score whether right away or by resetting the offense. A block is not considered a rebound. A ball does not need to "rebound" off the rim or backboard for a rebound to be credited.
Rebounds are credited after any missed shot, including air balls. If a player takes a shot and misses and the ball bounces on the ground before someone picks it up the person who picks up the ball is credited for a rebound. Rebounds are credited to the first player that gains clear possession of the ball or to the player that deflects the ball into the basket for a score. A rebound is credited to a team when it gains possession of the ball after any missed shot, not cleared by a single player. A team rebound is never credited to any player, is considered to be a formality as according to the rules of basketball, every missed shot must be rebounded whether a single player controls the ball or not. Great rebounders tend to be strong; because height is so important, most rebounds are made by centers and power forwards, who are positioned closer to the basket. The lack of height can sometimes be compensated by the strength to box out taller players away from the ball to capture the rebound. For example, Charles Barkley once led the league in rebounding despite being much shorter than his counterparts.
Some shorter guards can be excellent rebounders as well such as point guard Jason Kidd who led the New Jersey Nets in rebounding for several years. Great rebounders must have a keen sense of timing and positioning. Great leaping ability is an important asset, but not necessary. Players such as Larry Bird and Moses Malone were excellent rebounders, but were never known for their leaping ability. Bird has stated. That's where I get mine"). Players position themselves in the best spot to get the rebound by "boxing out"—i.e. by positioning themselves between an opponent and the basket, maintaining body contact with the player he is guarding. The action can be called "blocking out". A team can be boxed out by several players using this technique to stop the other team from rebounding; because fighting for a rebound can be physical, rebounding is regarded as "grunt work" or a "hustle" play. Overly aggressive boxing out or preventing being boxed out can lead to personal fouls. Statistics of a player's "rebounds per game" or "rebounding average" measure a player's rebounding effectiveness by dividing the number of rebounds by the number of games played.
Rebound rates go beyond raw rebound totals by taking into account external factors, such as the number of shots taken in games and the percentage of those shots that are made. Rebounds were first recorded in the NBA during the 1950–51 season. Both offensive and defensive rebounds were first recorded in the NBA during the 1973–74 season and ABA during the 1967–68 season. New camera technology has been able to shed much more light on where missed shots will land. Wilt Chamberlain – led the NBA in rebounds in 11 different seasons, has the most career rebounds in the regular season, the highest career average, the single season rebounding records in total and average, most rebounds in a regular season game and playoff game in the NBA, has the most career All-Star Game rebounds. Bill Russell – first player to average over 20 rebounds per game in the regular season, ranks second to Chamberlain in regular season total and average rebounds, averaged more than 20 rebounds per game in 10 of 13 seasons played, grabbed 51 rebounds in a single game, grabbed a record 32 rebounds in one half, grabbed 40 rebounds in the NBA Finals twice, is the all-time playoff leader in total and average rebounds.
Bob Pettit – averaged 20.3 rebounds per game in the 1960-61 season, his career average of 16.2 rebounds per game is third all-time, holds the top two performances for rebounds in an NBA All-Star Game with 26 and 27. Nate Thurmond – averaged more than 20 rebounds per game in two seasons, career average of 15.0 rpg, holds the all-time NBA record for rebounds in a single quarter with 18. He is the only player besides Bill Russell, Wilt Chamberlain and Jerry Lucas to record more than 40 rebounds in a single game. Jerry Lucas – averaged more than 20 rebounds per game in two seasons, had a career average of 15.6 rpg. Along with Russell and Thurmond is one of only four players to grab at least 40 rebounds in a single game. Moses Malone – led the NBA in rebounds per game in six d
Keith Raymond Erickson is an American former basketball player. After graduating from El Segundo High School, attended El Camino College. Erickson played basketball at UCLA, where he was a member of the 1964 and 1965 NCAA Champion teams. Erickson, who attended UCLA on a shared baseball/basketball scholarship played on the 1964 US Men's Olympic Volleyball team. Coach John Wooden would remark that Erickson was the finest athlete he coached. In 1965, he was selected by the San Francisco Warriors in the third round of the NBA draft. Erickson played for the Warriors, Chicago Bulls, the 1972 NBA Champion Los Angeles Lakers, Phoenix Suns. Erickson retired in 1977 with 3,449 rebounds, he served as color commentator for the Los Angeles Lakers with Chick Hearn, the Los Angeles Clippers, The NBA on CBS. He was inducted into the UCLA Athletics Hall of Fame in 1986 and was inducted into the Pac-12 Conference Men's Basketball Hall of Honor during the 2016 Pac-12 Conference Men's Basketball Tournament. John Wooden's first Championship Career statistics Keith Erickson answers questions from fans SANDS OF TIME, book excerpt Video: Erickson discusses Coach John Wooden
Syracuse Orange men's basketball
The Syracuse Orange men's basketball program, known traditionally as the "Syracuse Orangemen", is an intercollegiate men's basketball team representing Syracuse University. The program is classified in the Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the team competes in the Atlantic Coast Conference. Syracuse is considered one of the most prestigious college basketball programs in the country with 3 overall claimed National Championships and 1 NCAA Tournament championship, as well being a National Runner-up 2 times and holding an active NCAA-record 49 consecutive winning seasons. Syracuse is ranked fifth in total victories among all NCAA Division I programs and seventh in all-time win percentage among programs with at least 50 years in Division I, with an all-time win-loss record of 2008–908† as of March 20, 2019; the Orange are sixth in NCAA Tournament appearances, seventh in NCAA Tournament victories, eighth in Final Four appearances. The Orange play their home games at the Carrier Dome.
The Dome is the largest arena in NCAA DI basketball with a maximum capacity of 35,446. Syracuse's home court total attendance has led the nation 25 times, its per-game season average attendance has been ranked first 14 times since the opening of the Carrier Dome in 1980; the most recent record-breaking game was against Duke in 2019 with the crowd of 35,642 people. The Carrier Dome is considered one of the best home court advantages in college basketball. In its 42nd year under current head coach Jim Boeheim, the team has compiled an all-time record 38 20-win seasons, including 10 Big East regular season championships, 5 Big East Tournament championships, 34 NCAA Tournament appearances, 3 appearances in the national title game. In 2015, after a lengthy investigation, the NCAA's Committee on Infractions ordered Syracuse to vacate 101 wins from five different seasons. However, the NCAA confirmed that sanctions did not include the removal of any banners. Therefore, Syracuse claims all of its NCAA Tournaments appearances and conference titles from those years.† - including 101 victories vacated by NCAA Syracuse fielded its first varsity basketball team in 1916–17.
The program rose to national prominence early in its history, being recognized by the Helms Athletic Foundation as national champions for 1918 and 1926. The program made National Invitation Tournament appearances in 1946 and 1950, won the 1951 National Campus Tournament, made its first NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament appearance in 1957. Notable early era players included Hall of Famer Vic Hanson and racial pioneer Wilmeth Sidat-Singh; the modern era of Syracuse basketball began with the arrival of future Hall of Famer Dave Bing. As a sophomore in 1964, Bing led the team to an NIT appearance and as a senior in 1966, he led the team to its second NCAA Tournament appearance, where it reached the regional final. Bing's backcourt partner on these teams was future Syracuse coach Jim Boeheim. Syracuse remained competitive after Bing's departure, with NIT appearances in 1967, 1971, 1972. Under coach Roy Danforth, in 1973, the team began a string of consecutive NCAA appearances highlighted by a Final Four appearance in 1975.
The 1975 squad featured guard Jim Lee and forward Rudy Hackett and was affectionately known as "Roy's Runts." Following the 1976 season, Danforth was hired away by Tulane University and the University turned to young assistant Jim Boeheim to assume the helm. Boeheim extended the string of NCAA appearances to nine, with bids in each of his first four seasons, a period in which his teams won 100 games; these teams featured star forward Louis Orr and center Roosevelt Bouie, were sometimes referred to as the "Louie and Bouie Show." Syracuse was a founding member of the Big East Conference in 1979, along with Georgetown University, St. John's University and Providence College. Syracuse and Georgetown were each ranked in the top ten in 1980, a new and major rivalry blossomed when Georgetown snapped Syracuse's 57-game home winning streak in the final men's basketball game played at Manley Field House. Over the next ten seasons, these two schools met eight times in the Big East Tournament, four times in the finals, met numerous times on national television during the regular season.
Syracuse was passed over by the NCAA Tournament. The team, featuring Danny Schayes and Leo Rautins, finished runner-up in the NIT; the team returned to the NIT in 1982, before beginning another extended streak of NCAA appearances in 1983. In 1983, heralded high school phenomenon Dwayne "Pearl" Washington joined the team, led the school to NCAA appearances in 1984, 1985, 1986, before leaving school early for the NBA Draft. Washington grew up in the Brownsville section of Brooklyn, New York, where he acquired his nickname as an eight-year-old in a taunting comparison to Earl "the Pearl" Monroe, he was a playground phenomenon from Boys and Girls High School in Brooklyn, was rated as the number one overall high school player in the United States 1983. He brought his flashy play to the Carrier Dome. "The Pearl" was the master of the "cross-over" moves. It is believed that Pearl Washington brought Syracuse basketball to national prominence and helped usher the Big East into the national spotlight in the mid-1980s.
In the Carrier Dome's first three years, Syracuse's highest attendance mark was a mere 20,401 in the 1982-83. In 1983, Pearl's freshman year, Syracuse's attendance increased to 22,380 per game; as as sophomore, Syracuse led the nation in attendance for the first time in school history. Syracuse would be the NCAA's attendance leader for the next ten years. By the time Washington was a
Forward–center or Bigman is a basketball position for players who play or have played both forward and center on a consistent basis. This means power forward and center, since these are the two biggest player positions on any basketball team, therefore more overlap each other. Forward–center came into the basketball jargon as the game evolved and became more specialized in the 1960s; the five positions on court were known only as guards and the center, but it is now accepted that the five primary positions are point guard, shooting guard, small forward, power forward, center. A forward–center is a talented forward who came to play minutes at center on teams that need help at that position; the player could be a somewhat floor-bound center, under seven feet tall at the NBA level, whose skills suit him to a power forward position if that team has a better center. One such player is Marcus Camby of the New York Knicks. At 6'11", he plays as a center, but when he played for the New York Knicks earlier in his career, he played power forward because his team had one of the best pure centers in the league in 7'0" Patrick Ewing.
Ewing himself was used as a forward–center early in his career to complement the then-incumbent Knicks center, 7'1" Bill Cartwright. Ralph Sampson, at 7'4", was another notable forward–center who played center his rookie year in 1983. In 1984, he moved to power forward. Most forward-centers range from 6' 9" to 7' 0" in height. Other notable forward-centers include: Kevin Garnett, Tim Duncan, Pau Gasol, Chris Bosh, LaMarcus Aldridge, Anthony Davis, Al Horford, Draymond Green. Tweener
A rookie is a person in the first year of activity in a sport, or someone new to a profession, training, or activity such as a rookie police officer, rookie pilot, or a recruit. In some sports there are traditions in which rookies must do things. Examples in baseball include players having to dress up in strange costumes, or getting hit in the face with a cream pie. In Major League Baseball, the MLB has cracked down on hazing by enacting an Anti-Hazing and Anti-Bullying Policy which prohibits players from dressing up as the opposite sex, or wearing offensive costumes based on race, nationality, sexual orientation, gender identify. In the National Football League a rookie is any player, in their first season in the NFL; the NFL awards the best rookie with the Associated Press NFL Rookie of the Year Award, as voted upon the Associated Press. In the NFL, rookies have special contract rules which limit how much a team can pay them as well as limiting the length of the contract, as per stipulations laid out in the NFL Collective Bargaining Agreement.
NASCAR and INDYCAR rookies are denoted by a yellow stripe on sections of the car as prescribed in the respective rule books. In NASCAR, the rookie stripe is located on the tail panel of the race car. Media related to Rookie stripes at Wikimedia Commons The following rules are for rookie status in a national series: Must have run no more than five and have been declared to race for driver points in that series, races in any previous season. In the Camping World Truck Series, a driver, 17 at the start of the season and does not make ten starts overall is eligible in his first full season after turning 18. Truck Series drivers who are 16 and 17 may only participate in nine races during the season based on circuits. Drivers who compete in more than five races in a higher NASCAR-sanctioned series are not eligible for the award in a lower series if they have not declared for the higher series. If a driver does not start eight races before the end of Race 20 on the schedule, they will become ineligible to earn rookie points for the rest of that season and starting in 2011, remained declared for that series.
Drivers may change series declaration. A driver may not receive rookie points if they start a race for a team that they did not qualify with. However, they are still eligible for championship points in that race; the following rules are for rookie status in the NTT IndyCar Series: Must not have participated in more than three NTT IndyCar Series races in a season. A veteran driver in the Indianapolis 500 may still be a Series Rookie if he has not competed in more than three series races overall. A driver who has never raced in the Indianapolis 500 but has made a legal season of NTT IndyCar Series races is still an Indianapolis 500 rookie in his first start. To qualify as a rookie in Major League Baseball, a player must not have exceeded 130 at bats or fifty innings pitched in the majors, fewer than 45 days on the active rosters of major league clubs in their previous seasons. Major League Baseball awards the best rookie with the Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award, as voted upon by the Baseball Writers' Association of America.
In the National Basketball Association, a rookie is any player who has never played a game in the NBA until that year. The NBA awards the best rookie with the NBA Rookie of the Year Award, as voted upon by a selected panel of United States and Canadian sportswriters and broadcasters. In the NBA, rookies have special contract rules which limit how much a team can pay them as well as limiting the length of the contract. To qualify as a rookie in the National Hockey League, a player must not have played 25 regular season games or more in any single season; as of the 1990-91 NHL season, a player must be 26 years old or younger to qualify as a rookie. The National Hockey League awards the best rookie with the Calder Memorial Trophy, as voted upon by the Professional Hockey Writers' Association. In the NHL, rookies have special contract rules which limit how much a team can pay them as well as limiting the length of the contract. An NHL rookie contract is called an Entry Level contract and is limited to three years.
In Major League Soccer, a rookie is a player. MLS awards the best rookie with the MLS Rookie of the Year Award; the Oxford English Dictionary states that the origins are uncertain, but that it is a corruption of the word Recruit. The earliest example in the OED is from Rudyard Kipling's Barrack-Room Ballads: So'ark an"eed, you rookies, always grumblin' sore, referring to rookies in the sense of raw recruits to the British Army. At least during the beginning of the 20th century, in the British Army the term "rookie" was used in place of "recruit" as exemplified in Trenching at Gallipoli by John Gallishaw and in The Amateur Army by Patrick MacGill; the expression is derived from "rook", whereby a "rookie" would be someone, cheated or defrauded. Rookie of the Year – an award given to an athlete following the first year of full competition, for more impressive performance and/or better results than all other rookies that season. Freshman Novice
University of California, Los Angeles
The University of California, Los Angeles is a public research university in Los Angeles. It became the Southern Branch of the University of California in 1919, making it the third-oldest undergraduate campus of the 10-campus University of California system, it offers 337 graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines. UCLA enrolls about 31,000 undergraduate and 13,000 graduate students and had 119,000 applicants for Fall 2016, including transfer applicants, making the school the most applied-to of any American university; the university is organized into six undergraduate colleges, seven professional schools, four professional health science schools. The undergraduate colleges are the College of Science; as of 2017, 24 Nobel laureates, three Fields Medalists, five Turing Award winners, two Chief Scientists of the U. S. Air Force have been affiliated with UCLA as researchers, or alumni. Among the current faculty members, 55 have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, 28 to the National Academy of Engineering, 39 to the Institute of Medicine, 124 to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
The university was elected to the Association of American Universities in 1974. UCLA is considered one of the country's Public Ivies, meaning that it is a public university thought to provide a quality of education comparable with that of the Ivy League. In 2018, US News & World Report named UCLA the best public university in the United States. UCLA student-athletes compete as the Bruins in the Pac-12 Conference; the Bruins have won 126 national championships, including 116 NCAA team championships, more than any other university except Stanford, who has won 117. UCLA student-athletes and staff won 251 Olympic medals: 126 gold, 65 silver, 60 bronze. UCLA student-athletes competed in every Olympics since 1920 with one exception and won a gold medal in every Olympics the U. S. participated in since 1932. In March 1881, the California State Legislature authorized the creation of a southern branch of the California State Normal School in downtown Los Angeles to train teachers for the growing population of Southern California.
The Los Angeles branch of the California State Normal School opened on August 29, 1882, on what is now the site of the Central Library of the Los Angeles Public Library system. The facility included an elementary school where teachers-in-training could practice their technique with children; that elementary school is related to the present day UCLA Lab School. In 1887, the branch campus became independent and changed its name to Los Angeles State Normal School. In 1914, the school moved to a new campus on Vermont Avenue in East Hollywood. In 1917, UC Regent Edward Augustus Dickson, the only regent representing the Southland at the time, Ernest Carroll Moore, Director of the Normal School, began to lobby the State Legislature to enable the school to become the second University of California campus, after UC Berkeley, they met resistance from UC Berkeley alumni, Northern California members of the state legislature, Benjamin Ide Wheeler, President of the University of California from 1899 to 1919, who were all vigorously opposed to the idea of a southern campus.
However, David Prescott Barrows, the new President of the University of California, did not share Wheeler's objections. On May 23, 1919, the Southern Californians' efforts were rewarded when Governor William D. Stephens signed Assembly Bill 626 into law, which transformed the Los Angeles Normal School into the Southern Branch of the University of California; the same legislation added the College of Letters and Science. The Southern Branch campus opened on September 15 of that year, offering two-year undergraduate programs to 250 Letters and Science students and 1,250 students in the Teachers College, under Moore's continued direction. Under University of California President William Wallace Campbell, enrollment at the Southern Branch expanded so that by the mid-1920s the institution was outgrowing the 25 acre Vermont Avenue location; the Regents searched for a new location and announced their selection of the so-called "Beverly Site"—just west of Beverly Hills—on March 21, 1925 edging out the panoramic hills of the still-empty Palos Verdes Peninsula.
After the athletic teams entered the Pacific Coast conference in 1926, the Southern Branch student council adopted the nickname "Bruins", a name offered by the student council at UC Berkeley. In 1927, the Regents renamed the Southern Branch the University of California at Los Angeles. In the same year, the state broke ground in Westwood on land sold for $1 million, less than one-third its value, by real estate developers Edwin and Harold Janss, for whom the Janss Steps are named; the campus in Westwood opened to students in 1929. The original four buildings were the College Library, Royce Hall, the Physics-Biology Building, the Chemistry Building, arrayed around a quadrangular courtyard on the 400 acre campus; the first undergraduate classes on the new campus were held in 1929 with 5,500 students. After lobbying by alumni, faculty and community leaders, UCLA was permitted to award the master's degree in 1933, the doctorate in 1936, against continued resistance from UC Berkeley. A timeline of the history can be found on its website, as well
IUP Crimson Hawks
The Indiana University of Pennsylvania Crimson Hawks known as the IUP Crimson Hawks and called the IUP Indians, are the varsity athletic teams that represent Indiana University of Pennsylvania, located in Indiana, Pennsylvania. The university and all of its intercollegiate sports teams compete in the Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference within the NCAA Division II; the university sponsors 19 different teams, including eight teams for men and eleven teams for women: baseball, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's cross country, women's field hockey, men's golf, women's lacrosse, women's soccer, men's and women's swimming, women's tennis, men's and women's indoor and outdoor track and field, women's volleyball. IUP dubbed its sports teams the "Indians", in reference to the town and school's name, used a costumed student as a mascot. Following movements to eliminate Native American-related mascots, the university eliminated the Indian mascot in 1991, replacing it with an American black bear named Cherokee - deriving from the name of the university's fight song, though it retained the Indian nickname.
In the early 2000s, the university moved to change the nickname as well. A campus poll in 2002 indicated. In May 2006, the NCAA ruled that IUP would be prohibited from hosting postseason championship games and using the Indian nickname in postseason events, a year after the university was placed on a list of 18 schools whose mascots were non-compliant with NCAA policies. Suggestions following the NCAA ruling included hellbenders, "Ridge runners", mining-related nicknames, all relevant to the university's location in Western Pennsylvania. In December 2006, the Council of Trustees adopted the "Crimson Hawk" The mascot was introduced during the 2007 season-opening football game against Cheyney. In 2008, the hawk was named "Norm", in reference to the university's former name as the Indiana Normal School. With the change of the mascot, it was for the best that IUP would change its fight song, "Cherokee", as well since it makes references to a Native American tribe. In 2007, Dr. David Martynuik, director of the marching band, composed "Crimson Xpress", the new fight song that would replace "Cherokee" and would bring in a whole new era to IUP athletics.
When a local sportswriter researched what a "Crimson Hawk" was, it was discovered that the domain name crimsonhawk.com was the site of an adult cartoon character named "Crimson Hawk". Some criticized the university's lack of research prior to making the decision; the site owner moved his content to a different domain name without the university asking or the issue being brought to court. University athletic facilities are divided into two sections. On campus near the Eberly College of Business is Frank Cignetti Field at George P. Miller Stadium, a 6,500 seat artificial turf stadium that serves as the venue for football, field hockey, track & field. Adjacent to Miller Stadium is the Memorial Field House, which used to be the host to men's and women's basketball, women's volleyball, additionally houses athletic department offices. Inside the Field House is the Pidgeon Natatorium, used by the men's and women's swimming team; the South Campus Athletic Complex holds other sports venues: Owen Dougherty Field, home of the baseball team, Podbielski Field for the softball team, a soccer field and a rugby pitch.
Beginning in 1999, a construction project for a university convocation center was authorized by Pennsylvania Governor Tom Ridge. Construction began near Miller Stadium in late 2008 for the 150,000-square-foot complex that will hold a 6,000 seat arena; the Kovalchick Convention and Athletic Complex, which opened in the fall of 2011, is the current home of the men's and women's basketball teams and women's volleyball, replacing the Memorial Field House as these teams primary venues. The university's football program dates back to the 1890s when the team competed against regional athletic clubs and other universities. In the early years, the team featured John Brallier, who would become the first paid football player. Official records by the university begin with the tenure of George Miller in 1927; the Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference was formed in 1951 by the members of the Pennsylvania state university system, the university has been a member since winning 17 West Division titles through 2010.
In 1968 the team competed and lost to favored Delaware in the Boardwalk Bowl. Under Frank Cignetti, Sr. the Crimson Hawks appeared in NCAA post-season competition, including two appearances in the NCAA Division II National Football Championship in 1990 and 1993. In 2012, under Curt Cignetti, the Crimson Hawks earned the PSAC title and another appearance in the NCAA Division II National Football Championship, they lost to the top seed in Super Region One, Winston-Salem State University. In 2017, under first year head coach Paul Tortorella, the Crimson Hawks finished regular season with a perfect 11-0 record winning the PSAC Championship and earning an appearance in the NCAA Division II National Football Championship. Conference championships: 1957, 1964, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2016, 2017 Team national championship: 1968 Individual national champions: 1968 – Rick Hrip 2009 – Gavin Smith Conference championships: 1960, 1973, 1980, 1988, 1990.
NCAA Tournament appearances: 1988, 1990. NAIA District 18 Champions: 1971, 1977. NAIA District 30 Champions: 1960, 1964. NAIA Area 8 Champions: 1960, 1971. NAIA Baseball World Series appearances: 1960, 1971. Through 2010, the men'