1974 Greek legislative election

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Greek legislative election, 1974

← 1964 17 November 1974 1977 →

All 300 seats to the Greek Parliament
151 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  KaramanlisNatsinasAgora crop.jpg GEORGIOS MAVROS.jpg
Leader Konstantinos Karamanlis Georgios Mavros
Party ND EK-ND
Leader since 4 October 1974 1974
Last election New 171 seats, 52.72%
Seats won 220 60
Seat change New Decrease 111
Popular vote 2,669,133 1,002,559
Percentage 54.37% 20.42%
Swing New Decrease 32.3%

  Third party Fourth party
  Andreas Papandreou.jpg No image.png
Leader Andreas Papandreou Ilias Iliou
Party PASOK EA
Leader since 3 September 1974 3 September 1974
Last election New New
Seats won 12 8
Seat change New New
Popular vote 666,413 464,787
Percentage 13.58% 9.47%
Swing New New

Prime Minister before election

Konstantinos Karamanlis
ND

Subsequent Prime Minister

Konstantinos Karamanlis
ND

Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 17 November 1974.[1] They were the first after the end of the Greek military junta of 1967–1974 and took place during the metapolitefsi era; the winner was Konstantinos Karamanlis and his newly formed conservative party, ND (New Democracy, Νέα Δημοκρατία). Karamanlis had already formed a government of national unity just after the fall of the dictatorship; the second biggest party was the centrist Center Union - New Forces (Ένωσις Κέντρου-Νέες Δυνάμεις). Third power in the Parliament became the newly formed PASOK (Panhellenic Sosialist Movement, Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα), a radical socialist party led by Andreas Papandreou, son of the former prime minister Georgios Papandreou.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
New Democracy (ND) 2,669,133 54.4 220
Centre Union – New Forces (EK-ND) 1,002,559 20.4 60
Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) 666,413 13.6 12
United Left (EA) 464,787 9.5 8
National Democratic Union (EDE) 52,768 1.1 0
Democratic Centre Union (DEK) 8,509 0.2 0
Revolutionary Communist Movement of Greece (EKKE) 1,599 0.0 0
Coalition Liberal Democratic Union-Socialist Party of Greece (FDE-SKE) 975 0.0 0
List of Independents and independents 42,291 0.9 0
Invalid/blank votes 54,584
Total 4,963,558 100 300
Registered voters/turnout 6,241,066 79.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
ND
54.37%
EK-ND
20.42%
PASOK
13.58%
EA
9.47%
EDE
1.08%
Others
1.09%
Parliament seats
ND
73.33%
EK-ND
20.00%
PASOK
4.00%
EA
2.67%
  EA: 8 seats
  PASOK: 12 seats
  EK-ND: 60 seats
  ND: 220 seats

Aftermath[edit]

The priorities of the Karamanlis' government were:

  • The adoption of a new Constitution
  • The abolition of Monarchy after a free referendum
  • The submission of a new application for Greece's accession to the European Community.

The new government decided to hold a referendum on retaining the republic, it was held on 8 December 1974.

In 1975 Konstantinos Tsatsos, a close friend of Karamanlis, was elected President of the Republic by the Greek Parliament.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7

Further reading[edit]

  • Tridimas, George (2010). "Referendum and the choice between monarchy and republic in Greece". Constitutional Political Economy. 21 (2): 119–144. doi:10.1007/s10602-009-9078-4.