Canadian football is a sport played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play 110 yards long and 65 yards wide attempting to advance a pointed oval-shaped ball into the opposing team's scoring area. In Canada, the term "football" may refer to Canadian football and American football collectively, or to either sport depending on context; the two sports have shared origins and are related but have some key differences. Rugby football in Canada originated in the early 1860s, over time, the game known as Canadian football developed. Both the Canadian Football League, the sport's top professional league, Football Canada, the governing body for amateur play, trace their roots to 1880 and the founding of the Canadian Rugby Football Union; the CFL is the most only major professional Canadian football league. Its championship game, the Grey Cup, is one of Canada's largest sporting events, attracting a broad television audience. In 2009, about 40% of Canada's population watched part of the game.
Canadian football is played at the bantam, high school, junior and semi-professional levels: the Canadian Junior Football League, formed May 8, 1974, Quebec Junior Football League are leagues for players aged 18–22, many post-secondary institutions compete in U Sports football for the Vanier Cup, senior leagues such as the Alberta Football League have grown in popularity in recent years. Great achievements in Canadian football are enshrined in the Canadian Football Hall of Fame located in Hamilton, Ontario. Other organizations across Canada perform senior league Canadian football during the summer; the first documented football match was a practice game played on November 9, 1861, at University College, University of Toronto. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was Sir William Mulock Chancellor of the school. A football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear; the first written account of a game played was on October 1862, on the Montreal Cricket Grounds.
It was between the First Battalion Grenadier Guards and the Second Battalion Scots Fusilier Guards resulting in a win by the Grenadier Guards 3 goals, 2 rouges to nothing. In 1864, at Trinity College, Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland, Frederick A. Bethune, Christopher Gwynn, one of the founders of Milton, devised rules based on rugby football; the game gained a following, with the Hamilton Football Club formed on November 3, 1869, Montreal formed a team April 8, 1872, Toronto was formed on October 4, 1873, the Ottawa FBC on September 20, 1876. This rugby-football soon became popular at Montreal's McGill University. McGill challenged Harvard University to a game, in 1874 using a hybrid game of English rugby devised by the University of McGill; the first attempt to establish a proper governing body and adopted the current set of Rugby rules was the Foot Ball Association of Canada, organized on March 24, 1873 followed by the Canadian Rugby Football Union founded June 12, 1880, which included teams from Ontario and Quebec.
Both the Ontario and Quebec Rugby Football Union were formed, the Interprovincial and Western Interprovincial Football Union. The CRFU reorganized into an umbrella organization forming the Canadian Rugby Union in 1891; the original forerunners to the current Canadian Football League, was established in 1956 when the IRFU and WIFU formed an umbrella organization, The Canadian Football Council. In 1958 the CFC left the CRFU to become the CFL; the Burnside rules resembling American football that were incorporated in 1903 by the ORFU, was an effort to distinguish it from a more rugby-oriented game. The Burnside Rules had teams reduced to 12 men per side, introduced the Snap-Back system, required the offensive team to gain 10 yards on three downs, eliminated the Throw-In from the sidelines, allowed only six men on the line, stated that all goals by kicking were to be worth two points and the opposition was to line up 10 yards from the defenders on all kicks; the rules were an attempt to standardize the rules throughout the country.
The CIRFU, QRFU and CRU refused to adopt the new rules at first. Forward passes were not allowed in the Canadian game until 1929, touchdowns, five points, were increased to six points in 1956, in both cases several decades after the Americans had adopted the same changes; the primary differences between the Canadian and American games stem from rule changes that the American side of the border adopted but the Canadian side did not. The Canadian field width was one rule, not based on American rules, as the Canadian game was played in wider fields and stadiums that were not as narrow as the American stadiums; the Grey Cup was established in 1909 after being donated by Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey, The Governor General of Canada as the championship of teams under the CRU for the Rugby Football Championship of Canada. An amateur competition, it became dominated by professional teams in the 1940s and early 1950s; the Ontario Rugby Football Union, the last amateur organization to compete for the trophy
The BC Lions are a professional Canadian football team competing in the West Division of the Canadian Football League. Based in Vancouver, British Columbia, the Lions play their home games at BC Place; the Lions played their first season in 1954, have played every season since. As such, they are the oldest professional sports franchise in the city of Vancouver and in the province of British Columbia, they have appeared in the league's Grey Cup championship game 10 times, winning six of those games, with their most recent championship occurring in 2011. The Lions were the first Western Canadian team to have won the Grey Cup at home, having done so in 1994 and 2011, before Saskatchewan won in 2013, while becoming the only team to beat an American-based franchise in a championship game, a feat accomplished in 1994; the Lions hold the second longest playoff streak in CFL history, making the playoffs every season from the 1997 CFL season to the 2016 CFL season, failing to make the playoffs for the first time in over 20 seasons in 2017.
Founded: 1954 Name: the team is named for the Lions, a pair of mountain peaks overlooking the team's home city of Vancouver Helmet design: black background, with an orange mountain lion's head Uniform colours: orange and black Nickname: Leos Mascot: Leo the Lion Fight song: "Roar, You Lions, Roar" composed by Dal Richards and His Orchestra Stadiums: Empire Stadium, Empire Field and BC Place Stadium Main rivals: Montreal Alouettes and Saskatchewan Roughriders Western Division 1st place: 13—1963, 1964, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2011, 2012 Western Division championships: 10—1963, 1964, 1983, 1985, 1988, 1994, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2011 Grey Cup championships: 6—1964, 1985, 1994, 2000, 2006, 2011 2018 regular season record: 9 wins, 9 losses The BC Lions Football Club is owned by businessman David Braley, who purchased the club in 1997. Braley was a member of the Canadian Senate; as of 2017, the BC Lions Football Club executive committee consisted of five people: David Braley and governor Rick LeLacheur, team president Ed Hervey, general manager George Chayka, vice president of business Compared to the rest of the country, senior football arrived late in British Columbia.
Rugby unions had been organized in all of the Prairie provinces by 1907 and the Western Canada Rugby Football Union had been formed in 1911. However, it would not be until 1926 that the British Columbia Rugby Football Union was formed, not until 1930 that the BCRFU would challenge for the right to represent the West in the Grey Cup; the Vancouver Meralomas were the most successful British Columbian team of the era. They played in the Western Final in 1930 and again in 1934, only to lose on both occasions to the Regina Roughriders of the Saskatchewan Rugby Football Union; the BCRFU stopped challenging for the Grey Cup following the formation of the Western Interprovincial Football Union. After the BCRFU's collapse in 1941, the Vancouver Grizzlies joined the WIFU, they played only one season, finishing 1-7, before the WIFU suspended operations for the duration of the Second World War. The Grizzlies did not return after the war. In 1951, a group led by Ken Stauffer and Tiny Radar were inspired by Vancouver Sun columnist Andy Lytle's article to start a new football team in Vancouver that would play in the WIFU.
The ownership group sent Radar and Orville Burke to represent them at the off-season WIFU meetings to initiate Vancouver's bid for a team. Radar and Burke were told to return to the meetings the following year with a $25,000 good-faith bond if they could generate sufficient interest in the Vancouver area; the first meetings were held at the Arctic Club in November and a committee headed by Burke and Harry Spring of the Meraloma Rugby Club, set out to sell memberships at $20 each. Though Burke, Vic Spencer, John Davidson offered the good-faith bond to the WIFU in 1952, the idea of having a Vancouver team was rejected when both Winnipeg and Saskatchewan voted against the idea of a fifth team; the group in Vancouver, did not give up their efforts to have a franchise in the WIFU. On January 22, 1953, the first annual meeting of the club was held. In that meeting, Arthur E. Mercer was hired as the club's first president. In the year, Bill Morgan, Bill Ralston, Whit Matthews went back to the WlFU meetings.
This time, they sold the idea of a fifth Western team, Vancouver was granted a conditional franchise. They were required to provide a 15,000-seat stadium, sell at least 6,500 season tickets, guarantee travel expenses for the visiting teams. All the pieces began to fall into place when it was announced that Vancouver would host the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, that it would mean the building of a new stadium – Empire Stadium, which seated 32,300 people. By Easter of 1953, Annis Stukus was lured away from the Toronto Argonauts to return to the West to become the first public relations manager, general manager, head coach of the franchise. During the rest of 1953, a fan contest was held by all of the local media to pick the team's new name; the nickname was chosen because it represented a local legend of the area. The nickname of the team was based on the Lions, twin mountain peaks that can be seen toward the north of Vancouver; the twin mountain peaks name was based on legend that the mountains looked like two lions guarding the city.
Through this landmark and legend, the "Lions" nickname became the winner in the fan contest to become
Andrew P. Hopkins Sr. was an all-star Canadian Football League running back. Andrew "Shay" Hopkins, a native of Crockett, Texas attended Ralph Bunche High School, he was a member of the High School Choir, Ralph Bunche Gazette, Year-book Staff and Sports Editor of the Ralph Bunche Year-book. Andy showed extraordinary athletic abilities in high school, he was a stand-out star in track and football. Hopkins didn't make the football team: he was cut as a ninth-grader under the coaching of his father, Andrew J. Hopkins. Hopkins used this incident as a determining factor to try harder, he became captain of his high school football team. After graduating from high school, Hopkins signed a "Letter of Intent" to attend Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas, he was drafted into the National Football League by the Houston Oilers in 1971. He finished his professional football career in the CFL in Canada. After playing college football at Stephen F. Austin State University he joined the Hamilton Tiger-Cats in 1973, where he rushed for 1223 yards in his rookie season.
Joining the Montreal Alouettes in 1976, he again rushed for over one thousand yards, in 1977 he was part of their Grey Cup championship team. Personal life ah Hopkins is married to Ann Hopkins. CPA. Sc./Master Degree in Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement. Hopkins is CEO of Copier Systems. Inc. All Time East Texans in NFL Draft: Hopkins, Andy RB NFL Draft 1971 Round 15 #368 Andy Hopkins was a three-time Eastern All-Star and twice cracked the magical 1,000-yard mark in rushing in his five-year CFL career. Hopkins broke into the CFL with Hamilton in 1973 and lead the East in rushing with 1223 yards to get his first East All-Star honor. In 1974, Hopkins fell just short of the 1,000-yard club as his average carry took a plunge from 5.5 down to 4.1 but his 943 yards and 42 receptions earned him his second Eastern All-Star award. Injuries limited Hopkins to just 463 yards in 8 games in 1975. Hopkins joined the Montreal Alouttes in 1976 and bounced back for his second 1,000 yards season with 1075 yards and a career high 43 pass receptions to capture his third Eastern All-Star award.
In 1975, Hopkins had 218 yards rushing. Hopkins finished his career with 3922 yards rushing. CFL All Time Rushing List CFL Most Rushing Yards-Season.
The Hamilton Tiger-Cats are a professional Canadian football team based in Hamilton, Canada. They are members of the East Division of the Canadian Football League; the Tiger-Cats play their home games at Tim Hortons Field. They were founded in 1950 with the merger of the Hamilton Wildcats. Since the 1950 merger, the team has won the Grey Cup championship eight times, most in 1999; the Hamilton Tiger-Cats Football Club recognizes all Grey Cups won by Hamilton-based teams as part of their history, which would bring their win total to 15. However, the CFL does not recognize these wins under one franchise, rather as the individual franchises that won them. If one includes their historical lineage, Hamilton football clubs won league championships in every decade of the 20th century, a feat matched by only one other North American franchise in professional sports, the Triple-A Rochester Red Wings of the International League. Neither of these teams won a championship in the first decade of the 21st century.
In their first forty years of existence, the Tiger-Cats were a model franchise, qualifying for the playoffs in all but three of those years and winning seven Grey Cup championships. They are one of six teams in the modern era to win the Grey Cup at home and were the first to accomplish this when they did it in 1972. However, since 1990, they have missed the playoffs on eleven occasions and have won just one Grey Cup in 1999, their lowest moment came when they lost a CFL record 17 games in one season with just one win during their 2003 season. The franchise has started to return to prominence after qualifying for the post-season in four of the past five seasons, including a loss in the 101st Grey Cup and again in the 102nd Grey Cup; the owner/caretaker of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats Football Club is businessman Bob Young, who purchased the club on October 7, 2003. He was born in Hamilton, Ontario and graduated from Victoria College at the University of Toronto, his fortune was earned in the software industry and he is the owner and CEO of Lulu, a self-publishing website.
As of 2011, the Hamilton Tiger-Cats Executive Committee consists of three people: Bob Young, Caretaker. Although the current Hamilton Tiger-Cats were only founded in 1950, football in Hamilton goes back much further than that; the history of Hamilton Tiger-Cats Football Club can be traced back to November 3, 1869 in a room above George Lee’s Fruit Store, when the Hamilton Football Club was formed. The Hamilton football club played their first game on December 1869 against the 13th Battalion. In 1872, the Hamilton Football club began play at the Hamilton AAA Grounds and they became known as the Tigers in 1873; the Hamilton Tigers began play in the Ontario Rugby Football Union in 1883 and won their first Canadian Dominion Football Championship in 1906 when the Tigers beat McGill University 29–3. The Tigers continued in the ORFU until 1907, when the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union was formed; the IRFU became known as the Big Four and the IRFU became the East division of the modern CFL in the 1950s.
The Tigers faced stiff local competition with the ORFU's Hamilton Alerts who, in 1912, won the City of Hamilton its first Grey Cup, the trophy, now awarded to the Canadian Dominion Football Champions, by beating the Toronto Argonauts 11–4. In the following season, the Tigers won their first of five Grey Cups when they beat the Toronto Parkdale Canoe Club by the lopsided margin of 44–2; the Alerts were refused entry into the ORFU in 1913 with many of its players opting to join the Tigers, while the Alerts faded from existence. The Alerts gave way to a team under the name Hamilton Rowing Club from 1913–1915, who played in the ORFU. 1914 saw the complete amalgamation of the Hamilton Alerts and the Hamilton Tigers and the football club continued playing under the name "Tigers". In 1915, in the final pre-war season, the Hamilton Tigers won their second Grey Cup. After over a decade-long drought, the Hamilton Tigers won the Grey Cup championship game in 1928, 1929 and 1932; the 1941 season saw the Tigers suspend play for the remainder of World War II.
The Hamilton Tigers folded because a number of players had gone into the armed services. It is believed by some that the failure of the Tigers is what caused the IRFU to be dissolved, the Eastern Rugby Football Union to be formed; because of the absence of the Tigers, a new club called the Hamilton Wildcats were formed to play in the ORFU in 1941. The Wildcats were given permission to use players from the Hamilton Tigers, but not the traditional black and yellow colors of the Tigers. In 1943, the Hamilton Flying Wildcats, stocked with Royal Canadian Air Force personnel, won the 31st Grey Cup. Things returned to normal in 1945 when the IRFU and the Hamilton Tigers resumed play while the Wildcats continued on in the ORFU. In 1948 the Hamilton Wildcats joined the IRFU to replace the Tigers who joined the Ontario Rugby Football Union; the Tigers and Wildcats switch of unions only lasted. At this time, the Tigers and Wildcats competed for fans and bragging rights so vehemently that neither team could operate on a sound financial level.
The Tigers and Wildcats amalgamated in 1950 to form the Hamilton Tiger-Cats that would compete in the IRFU. Under the guidance of prominent and distinguished local leaders such as Ralph "Super-Duper" Cooper and F. M. Gibson, i
Thomas Albert Clements is an American football coach and a former Canadian Football League quarterback, the current passing game coordinator and quarterbacks coach for the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League. Clements attended Canevin Catholic High School in Pennsylvania. Clements was a four-year letterman in both basketball, he was offered a basketball scholarship at North Carolina, but decided to play football instead. He is the only athlete in Canevin history to have his jersey retired. Clements was the starting quarterback for the Notre Dame football team from 1972 to 1974 and led the team to a national championship in 1973. In the December 31, 1973 Sugar Bowl matchup against Alabama, Clements had a 36-yard square-out completion to tight end Robin Weber on 3rd and 9 from his own end zone with 2:00 left to secure a 24-23 victory. In 1974, Clements finished fourth in the voting for the Heisman Trophy and was voted a first-team All-American. After graduation, Clements began a career in the Canadian Football League, quarterbacking the Ottawa Rough Riders for four seasons and winning the league's Rookie-of-the-Year award in his inaugural campaign.
The next season, he helped to lead the team to. After taking a powerful hit, a woozy Clements threw a pass to tight-end Tony Gabriel in the end zone, a catch which became famous in defeating the Saskatchewan Roughriders. During his time with Ottawa, Clements shared the passing duties with Condredge Holloway, from 1975 to 1977 as the quarterback getting the most playing time. In 1978, their stats were comparable, except for Holloway throwing only two interceptions to 12 by Clements. Clements continued his career with the Saskatchewan Roughriders in 1979, but did not fare well, throwing only two touchdowns to 11 interceptions and being replaced by Danny Sanders. However, a trade to the Hamilton Tiger-Cats rejuvenated Clements, he led the CFL in passing yards with 2,803, the last to do so with less than 3,000 yards. In 1980, Clements was on the roster of the NFL's Kansas City Chiefs, coached by former Montreal Alouettes head coach Marv Levy, but was the third-string quarterback for a team that stressed the running game.
In 1981, Clements threw for 4,536 yards. He improved his numbers the next season with 4,706 yards. In 1983, Clements was traded from Hamilton to the Winnipeg Blue Bombers for long-time Blue Bomber quarterback Dieter Brock; the next year, those two teams and Winnipeg, faced each other in the Grey Cup. Clements led the Bombers to their first Grey Cup victory since 1962. In 1986, he set a new completion percentage record with 67.5, 173 out of 256. Clements finished his playing career with Winnipeg in 1987 and was named the league's Most Outstanding Player, he finished his CFL career with over 39,000 passing yards, 252 passing touchdowns, a 60.35 completion percentage. In 2005, for the 75th anniversary of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, Clements was selected one of the Bombers 20 all-time great players. In addition, in November 2006, he was voted one of the CFL's Top 50 players of the league's modern era by Canadian sports network TSN. Clements was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1994.
In 1992, Clements was hired as quarterbacks coach for Notre Dame, where he served until 1995 under head coach Lou Holtz. After practicing law in 1996, Clements took his first NFL job, working as the quarterback coach for the New Orleans Saints from 1997 to 1999. Clements would hold the same job in 2000 with the Kansas City Chiefs, between 2001 and 2003 with the Pittsburgh Steelers. In 2004 and 2005 Clements served as offensive coordinator for the Buffalo Bills, but was released by the team after a front-office shakeup in which Marv Levy, his coach with the Chiefs in 1980, assumed the position of general manager and installed Dick Jauron as the team's new head coach. Upon the hiring of Mike McCarthy to be the head coach of the Green Bay Packers on January 11, 2006, the Packers parted ways with several assistant coaches, McCarthy interviewed NFL Europe head coach Steve Logan and Clements, settling on Clements on January 28, 2006. During Clements time as the quarterbacks coach with the Packers, he has worked with starting quarterbacks: Brett Favre, Aaron Rodgers, Matt Flynn.
In 2007, Favre statistically had one of his best seasons with the Packers, taking them to the NFC Championship game. Clements is credited for assisting in the development of one of the game's elite quarterbacks in Aaron Rodgers, as the only player in NFL history to throw for 4,000+ yards during his first two years as a starting quarterback in 2008 and 2009, winning Super Bowl XLV and Super Bowl Most Valuable Player Award in Rodgers' third year as a starting quarterback in 2010. In Week 17 of the 2011 season, after the Packers went 14-1, McCarthy chose to deactivate Rodgers to keep him healthy for the playoffs and start backup quarterback, Matt Flynn, on January 1, 2012 at Lambeau Field vs. the Detroit Lions, Flynn's second start in his career. Throughout the game, Clements worked with Flynn on the sidelines, showing him what to look for in the photos from the previous offensive series. Flynn had a record-setting performance, throwing for 480 yards and 6 touchdowns, both single game records for the Packers.
On February 12, 2015, Clements role was elevated to assistant head coach with respective play-calling responsibilities. On January 26, 2017, McCarthy announced Clements' contract had expired and he would move on to pursue other opportunities. On January 22, 2019
Ronald "Ron" Lancaster was an American-Canadian professional football player and coach in the Canadian Football League. As the starting quarterback for the Saskatchewan Roughriders for 16 seasons, he led the team to its first Grey Cup championship in 1966 and is the franchise's all-time leader in passing yards, completions and interceptions. At the time of his retirement, he was the CFL's career leader in passing yards and still ranks sixth overall as of 2016. After his retirement as a player, he served as a head coach and general manager in the CFL, he was a colour commentator on the CFL on CBC from 1981 to 1990. At the time of his death, he was the Senior Director of Football Operations of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats, he is a member of the Canadian Football Hall of Fame, Canada's Sports Hall of Fame and the Wittenberg University Athletic Hall of Honour. Lancaster was born in the Pittsburgh area industrial town of Fairchance and moved to nearby Clairton, Pennsylvania as a young boy. At the time of his death, his mother still resided in Clairton.
Lancaster was a talented quarterback by the time he graduated from Clairton High School, but because he was 5′5″, he was ignored by most college scouts. He attended tiny Wittenberg University and led its team to a 25-8-1 record between 1956 and 1959, two Ohio Athletic Conference championships in 1957 and 1958. By the time he graduated from Wittenberg he had grown to 5’10", his college coach had a friend with the Ottawa Rough Riders in the Canadian Football League, Lancaster signed with them. During his rookie season in 1960, Lancaster shared the quarterbacking duties with another future Hall of Famer, Russ Jackson, played defensive back; the Ottawa Rough Riders won the Grey Cup that season. In 1963 Lancaster's playing rights were sold to the Saskatchewan Roughriders for $500 with the stipulation that if Saskatchewan wanted to trade him, Ottawa would have the first right of refusal, it was with Saskatchewan. In 16 seasons with the Roughriders, he led the team into the playoffs 14 consecutive years and made it to the CFL's Western Football Conference final 12 times.
During that period, Saskatchewan played for the Grey Cup five times and won it once, in 1966, when they defeated Lancaster's former team, the Ottawa Rough Riders, 29–14. In Lancaster's career with the Saskatchewan Roughriders, he won 170 games as quarterback, had only one losing record, 4–11–1 in 1978, his last season as a player, he was the first quarterback in CFL history to reach 50,000 career passing yards, won the Schenley Award as most outstanding player in 1970 and 1976, was an All-Canadian in 1970, 1973, 1975 and 1976 and a Western all-star in 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1973, 1975 and 1976. In November 2006, the Canadian sports network TSN ranked Lancaster seventh on its list of Top 50 Players of the CFL's modern era. At the time of his death, thirty years after his retirement as a player, he was still ranked in the top three in career statistics in a number of categories: second in touchdown passes third in pass completions third in pass attempts third in yards passing Lancaster was a player-coach of the Saskatchewan Roughriders in the 1977 and 1978 seasons and served as Saskatchewan's offensive co-ordinator.
He became Saskatchewan's head coach in 1979 but found, as one writer put it, that "the glorious fifties and sixties were over, he was the first Roughrider coach in sixteen years who did not have Ron Lancaster at quarterback." The Roughriders finished 2–14 in 1979 and 2-14 in 1980. Lancaster would not coach again for eleven years. After serving as a colour commentator for The CFL on CBC from 1981 to 1990, he became head coach of the Edmonton Eskimos on February 4, 1991. From 1991 to 1997, he had a record of 83–42 in the regular season and a Grey Cup win in 1993, he passed Hugh Campbell's team record for wins on October 27, 1996. Lancaster signed on to the Hamilton Tiger-Cats as head coach on November 26, 1997. Between 1998 and 2003, he took the team to the Grey Cup twice, winning it in 1999. On July 10, 2006, Lancaster was re-hired as the team's head coach on an interim basis after the firing of Greg Marshall. At the time of his death, Lancaster’s 142 career regular-season wins placed him fourth on the CFL’s career regular season wins list.
CBC Television signed Lancaster as a colour commentator on CFL broadcasts in 1980. He was part of a trio that included Don Wittman doing the play-by-play and former Argonaut head coach Leo Cahill doing colour commentary, he was with the CBC from 1981 to 1990 and was a member of the CBC team at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, Korea as the play-by-play broadcaster for basketball. In 2004, Lancaster was diagnosed with bladder cancer, but appeared to have beaten it after treatment. In 2008, he was diagnosed with lung cancer and started treatment. Lancaster was positive in his outlook, saying, "Five years ago, I survived a battle with cancer, now we have another battle on our hands; the goal is to move forward just like I did five years ago. We will approach this the same way as and I thank you all in advance for your kindness as I am on my path to recovery." Six weeks on September 18, 2008, Lancaster died of a heart attack. He was survived by his wife, his three children Lana and Bob, four grandchildren.
At the 2008 CFL season Awards ceremony on No
The Toronto Argonauts are a professional Canadian football team competing in the East Division of the Canadian Football League. Based in Toronto, the team was founded in 1873, is the oldest existing professional sports team in North America still using its original name, they are the oldest-surviving team in both the modern-day CFL and East Division; the team's origins date back to a modified version of rugby football that emerged in North America in the latter half of the nineteenth century. The Argonauts played their home games at Rogers Centre from 1989 until 2016 when the team moved to BMO Field, the fifth stadium site to host the team; the Argonauts have appeared in the final 23 times. Most they defeated the Calgary Stampeders 27–24 in the 105th Grey Cup in 2017; the Argonauts hold the best winning percentage in the championship game and have the longest active winning streak in games in which they have appeared, at six. The Argonauts have faced every current western CFL team at least once in the Grey Cup, while their most celebrated divisional rivalry has been with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats.
The team was owned by the Argonaut Rowing Club for its first 83 years, has been owned by a series of business interests since 1956. The Argonauts were a fixture on the Toronto sports scene for decades, with attendance peaking in the 1970s. In May 2015 it was announced that a consortium of Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment's Larry Tanenbaum and Bell Canada would acquire the team; the sale included a scheduled move to MLSE run BMO Field for the 2016 season, which has long been proposed given attendance under-utilization at Rogers Centre and announced plans to install natural grass at the domed stadium, rendering it unfit for football. MLSE announced in December 2017 that it had agreed to purchase the team outright, with the deal finalized on January 19, 2018; the previous owners continue to indirectly own stakes in the Argos, as Bell Canada and the Kilmer Group hold 37.5% and 25% stakes in MLSE. Given the length of franchise history, dozens of players and management have been honoured in some form over the years.
The team recognizes a select group of players with retired numbers: early greats Joe Krol and Dick Shatto, stalwart offensive lineman Danny Nykoluk, Michael "Pinball" Clemons, the most recent face of the team. Since the team's foundation in 1873, the "Argonauts" name has been in continuous use, a record in North American professional sports; the Chicago Cubs and the Atlanta Braves franchises of Major League Baseball are older, but both teams have changed their name more than once, the Braves have changed cities. The Argonauts claim to be the oldest professional football team in North America; the claim is debatable, as the Hamilton Tigers date to 1869. The name "Argonauts" is derived from Greek mythology: according to legend and the Argonauts were a group of heroes who set out to find the Golden Fleece aboard the ship Argo sometime before the Trojan War. Given its nautical theme, the name Argonaut was adopted by a group of amateur rowers in Toronto in 1872; the Argonaut Rowing Club, which still exists today, went on to found the football club with the same name a year later.
Given their roots in a rowing squad, the team is referred to as the "boatmen" and less the "scullers". In the 19th century, the most renowned rowing teams in the world were from the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge in England; the Toronto rowers, many of whom had associations with the English schools, adopted uniforms incorporating the light blue of Cambridge and the dark blue of Oxford. In turn, the footballers adopted the colours and the phrase "double blue" would become synonymous with the team. Blue has become the traditional colour of top-level teams in Toronto; the team's other official colour is white. Its current helmet design features an Oxford blue background, with an Oxford blue and Cambridge blue round shield inscribed with a white, capital letter A. For most of the team's history, the logo featured some form of a boat incorporating a football; the first recorded game of what would become known as Canadian football was played in Toronto on November 9, 1861, featuring University of Toronto students.
The game at the time was a modified version of English rugby and it gained popularity throughout the 1860s. Rugby itself was still an infant game having evolved out of association football in the 1830s. Seeking a way to keep fit after summer, the Argonaut Rowing Club formed their own rugby-football squad on October 4, 1873; the Argonauts Football Club would play their first game against Hamilton on October 18 of that year, beginning a storied rivalry. H. T. Glazebrook served as their first head coach. Establishment of the football team was formalized by the ARC on September 17, 1874, with a subscription fee of one dollar charged per player; the football team played a handful of challenge matches—one team inviting another to play—as an amateur squad against university and city teams every year throughout the 1870s, with one dormant year in 1879 due to injuries. In 1883 the Toronto Football Club, other city teams from Ontario and university squads from Toronto, Queens University and Royal Military College formed the Ontario Rugby Football Union.