The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, or else they turn over the football to the opposing team, if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the teams end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponents goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins, American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football. The first game of American football was played on November 6,1869, during the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States, Professional football and college football are the most popular forms of the game, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually, almost all of them men, in the United States, American football is referred to as football. The term football was established in the rulebook for the 1876 college football season. The terms gridiron or American football are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand, American football evolved from the sports of association football and rugby football. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6,1869 between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams, the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, hands, head or sides, Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school. Representatives of Yale, Columbia, Princeton and Rutgers met on October 19,1873 to create a set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, and fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified, Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball. An 1875 Harvard-Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes and these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to selling refrigerators to Eskimos. Princeton, Harvard, Yale and Columbia then agreed to play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879, the introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt if a scrum resulted in bad field position, however, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records, each team held the ball, gaining no ground, for an entire half, resulting in a 0-0 tie
The Pac-12 Conference is a collegiate athletic conference that operates in the Western United States. It participates in 22 NCAA sports in the NCAAs Division I, its teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision. The conferences 12 members are located in Arizona, California, Colorado, Oregon, Utah and they include each states flagship public university, four additional public universities, and two private research universities. It became the Pac-12 in 2011 with the addition of the University of Colorado, with Arizona States softball title in 2011, the conference won its 400th NCAA Championship. The current commissioner of the conference is Larry Scott, Scott replaced Thomas C, hansen, who retired in July 2009 after 26 years in that position. Prior to joining the Pac-10, Scott was Chairman and CEO of the Womens Tennis Association, the Pac-12 has twelve full member institutions. Football currently is the sport where the conference is divided evenly into two geographic divisions, the North Division and the South Division. The Pac-12 spans six states in the Western United States, Arizona, California, Colorado, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. Unusual for a conference, the Pac-12s members are spread evenly between 3 regions, with 4 schools each in California, the Pacific Northwest, and the Four Corners region. The Pac-12 has four affiliate member institutions, three in California and Boise State University in Idaho, the school will maintain its Pac-12 affiliation in wrestling, which the WAC does not sponsor. No school has left the Pac-12 since its founding as the AAWU in 1959, two members of the PCC were not invited to join the AAWU or its successors. As private schools, Stanford and USC are not obligated to publish employees salaries, Eight of the twelve member schools are members of the Association of American Universities, including all of the conferences California schools. The only FBS conference with more AAU members is the Big Ten with 13 out of 14 member institutions having AAU membership, in 2014, of the twelve member schools, nine were ranked in the top 100 universities in the world. Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all sources including TV income, camp income, food. Updated to show institutional reporting to the Department of Education as shown on the DOE Equity in Athletics website for the 2013-14 academic year, the national ranking of revenue is based on 2075 institutions reporting to the Department of Education that year. The roots of the Pac-12 Conference go back to December 2,1915, charter members were the University of California, the University of Washington, the University of Oregon, and Oregon Agricultural College. The conference began play in 1916, one year later, Washington State College joined the league, followed by Stanford University in 1918. In 1922, the PCC expanded to eight teams with the admission of USC, Montana joined the Conference in 1924, and in 1928, the PCC grew to 10 members with the addition of UCLA
James David Lofton is a former American football player and coach. He was also the NCAA champion in the jump in 1978 while attending Stanford University. He is a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, Lofton prepped at George Washington High School in Los Angeles, California where he played quarterback and safety. As a senior in 1977, Lofton received 57 passes for 1,010 yards with 14 touchdowns and he was a member of Theta Delta Chi Fraternity. Lofton won the jump at the 1978 NCAA Track and Field Championships with a wind-aided jump of 26 feet 11¾ inches. He won the jump at the 1974 CIF California State Meet with a jump of 24 feet 3½ inches after placing sixth in this meet the year before. He was also a sprinter of note, with a best of 20.5 in the 200 meter and he has been an active participant in Masters track and field since 1997. Lofton was drafted in the first round of the 1978 NFL Draft by the Green Bay Packers and he was named to the NFL Pro Bowl eight times. He was also named to four All-Pro teams and he also played in three Super Bowls during his career with the Bills. Lofton was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2003, in his 16 NFL seasons, Lofton caught 764 passes for 14,004 yards and 75 touchdowns. He averaged 20 yards per catch or more in five seasons and he also rushed 32 times for 246 yards and one touchdown. Lofton is the first NFL player to record 14,000 yards receiving and was the second, one game after Drew Hill to score a touchdown in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. During his nine seasons in Green Bay, Lofton played in seven Pro Bowls, in 1991, Lofton became the oldest player to record 1,000 receiving yards in a season. On October 21, of same year, Lofton became the oldest player to record 200 yards receiving as well as 200 yards from scrimmage in a game. In 2006, Lofton was one of two finalists for the Stanford head coaching job and that job went to Jim Harbaugh. Lofton was later announced as a candidate to head coach for Oakland Raiders in 2007. In 2008, the Raiders hired him as their wide receivers coach, on January 13,2009, Lofton was let go by the Oakland Raiders and replaced by Sanjay Lal. Lofton served as a color analyst and sideline reporter for NFL coverage on Westwood One radio from 1999-2001, in 2009, he re-joined the network to team with Dave Sims and later Kevin Kugler on Sunday Night Football broadcasts
Manuula Asovalu Tuiasosopo is a former American football defensive lineman. He was drafted in the first round by the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League and he played college football at UCLA. He spent the three seasons of his career with the San Francisco 49ers. Tuiasosopo was last employed by the Alaska Airlines cargo department in Seattle and he currently coaches the defensive line for Redmond High School in Redmond, Washington. He is the father of former NFL players Marques a quarterback, Zach a running back, Matt an Atlanta Braves utility player, and daughters Leslie and Ashley Tuiasosopo
Clay Matthews Jr.
William Clay Matthews Jr. is a former American football linebacker who played for the Cleveland Browns and the Atlanta Falcons. He was the first round pick of the Cleveland Browns and played in 278 games over 19 NFL seasons. Matthews had 1,561 tackles in his career, the third most in NFL history and he is the father of Clay Matthews III, an All-Pro linebacker for the Green Bay Packers, and brother of Hall of Fame offensive lineman Bruce Matthews. Matthews was drafted by the Browns out of the University of Southern California with the 12th pick in the first round of the 1978 NFL Draft, Clay was a four-time Pro Bowler for Cleveland. He is also the oldest player to record a sack at 40 years,282 days, Matthews was one of the first players to negotiate a large contract going into the NFL. Matthews was named the AFC Defensive Player of the Week twice in his career with the Cleveland Browns, Clay and his son, Clay Matthews III, are the only father-son tandem to be named defensive player of the week in the NFL. Matthews resides in Agoura Hills, California and he serves as defensive coordinator at Oaks Christian High School, a coed private school in Westlake Village, California that his son Casey attended. He was inducted into the USC Athletic Hall of Fame in 2005, after his retirement, Clay Matthews opened a Pontiac Dealership in the Cleveland suburb of Euclid in 1992, Matthewss dealership has since closed. Clay and his brother Bruce competed with members of their family on the popular TV game show Family Feud, the Matthews Family won the game, and Clay was one of the two family members to play the final round. One of five questions he was asked in the round was What is the ideal age for a U. S. President. The constitutional requisite age to become President is 35, Clay ended up scoring 41 points total, and the Matthews family did not win the $10,000 grand prize. In 2014, he was named Director of Football Operations at Carter HS, Clay Matthews brother Bruce Matthews, who also played at USC, and father Clay Matthews Sr. were also NFL players. Clay Matthews Jr. graduated from New Trier East High School in Winnetka, after graduation, Clay Matthews III was drafted by the Green Bay Packers. Casey Matthews played linebacker at the University of Oregon, and was selected in Round 4 of the 2011 NFL Draft by the Philadelphia Eagles, the Matthews football dynasty family tree
West Coast of the United States
The West Coast or Pacific Coast is the coastline along which the contiguous Western United States meets the North Pacific Ocean. As a region, this term most often refers to the states of California. More specifically, it refers to an area defined on the east by the Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada and Mojave Desert, the U. S. Census groups the five states of California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, and Hawaii together as the Pacific States division. As of the 2010 Census, the population of the Census Bureaus Pacific Region was approximately 47.8 million – about 15. 3% of US population. The largest city on the west coast of the United States is Los Angeles, small isolated groups of hunter-gatherers migrated alongside herds of large herbivores far into Alaska. Between 16,500 BCE and 13,500 BCE, ice-free corridors developed along the Pacific coast and valleys of North America, Alaska Natives, indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast, and California indigenous peoples eventually descended from the Paleo-Indians. They developed various languages and established trade routes, later, Spanish, British, French, Russian, and American explorers and settlers began colonizing the area. The West Coast of the United States has a climate in its Northern edge towards the Canada–US border. The coastline sees significantly mild temperatures when compared to the areas during summer. In far Northern California there is a difference of 17 °C between Eurekas and Willow Creek in spite of only 25 miles separating the locations and Willow Creek being located at a 500 metres elevation, coastal fog is also prevalent in keeping shoreline temperatures cool. Since the West Coast has been populated by more recently than the East Coast. Additionally, its demographic composition underlies its cultural difference from the rest of the United States. Californias history first as a major Spanish colony, and later Mexican territory, has given the lower West Coast a distinctive Hispanic tone, which it also shares with the rest of the Southwest. Similarly, two of the three cities in which Asian Americans have concentrated, San Francisco and Los Angeles, are located on the West Coast, San Franciscos Chinatown, the oldest in North America, is a vibrant cultural center. The West Coast also has a large share of green cities within the United States. Other writers, like Jean Baudrillard, Mike Davis, and Umberto Eco, have made related statements on Californian culture, in the Northwest, Portland and Seattle are both considered among the coffee capitals of the world. While Starbucks originated in Seattle, both towns are known for coffee roasters and independent coffeeshops. In the Pacific Northwest at large, which includes the Canadian west coast, the culture has significantly shaped by the environment, especially by its forests, mountains