1988 United States presidential election in Tennessee
The 1988 United States presidential election in Tennessee took place on November 8, 1988. All 50 states and the District of Columbia were part of the 1988 United States presidential election. Tennessee voters chose 11 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president. Tennessee was won by incumbent United States Vice President George H. W. Bush of Texas, running against Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis. Bush ran with Indiana Senator Dan Quayle as Vice President, Dukakis ran with Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen. Tennessee weighed in for this election as 8% more Republican than the national average; as of the 2016 presidential election, this was the last time the Republican candidate carried Davidson County and Shelby County, both of which have become Democratic strongholds into the 21st century. The presidential election of 1988 was a partisan election for Tennessee, with more than 99% of the electorate voting for either the Democratic or Republican parties, though 10 candidates did appear on the ballot.
Most counties in Tennessee turned out for Bush, including the populated Shelby County and Davidson County, by narrow margins. Those two counties have never voted Republican since this election. Tennessee was the only state that Bush improved on Ronald Reagan’s 1984 vote share, although only by 0.07 percent. He became only the second Republican after Richard Nixon in 1972 to carry Lincoln County and Hardeman County, which were two of only seven counties in the nation to switch from Mondale to Bush. Bush won the election in Tennessee with a solid 16 point landslide; the election results in Tennessee are reflective of a nationwide reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party, which took place through the 1980s. Through the passage of some controversial economic programs, spearheaded by President Ronald Reagan, the mid-to-late 1980's saw a period of economic growth and stability; the hallmark for Reaganomics was, in part, the wide-scale deregulation of corporate interests, tax cuts for the wealthy.
Dukakis ran his campaign on a liberal platform, advocated for higher economic regulation and environmental protection. Bush, ran on a campaign of continuing the social and economic policies of former President Reagan - which gained him much support with social conservatives and people living in rural areas. Additionally, while the economic programs passed under Reagan, furthered under Bush and Clinton, may have boosted the economy for a brief period, they are criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United State after 2007, such as the Great Recession. Gulf War Presidency of George H. W. Bush
1976 United States presidential election in Tennessee
The 1976 United States presidential election in Tennessee was held on November 2, 1976. The Democratic Party candidate, former Georgia governor Jimmy Carter won the state of Tennessee with 56% of the vote against Republican Party candidate, President Gerald Ford, carrying the state’s ten electoral votes. Carter, a native Southerner from neighboring Georgia, carried Tennessee with a 13% margin of victory against incumbent Ford; the Watergate scandal had damaged Ford's predecessor, Richard Nixon, who had resigned in 1974 as a result, the Republican Party as a whole. The unknown Carter campaigned as a Washington outsider free of the corruption of Watergate, thus appealed to many voters in the country, including Tennessee; as was normal during this era, Carter carried Western Tennessee and Middle Tennessee, the most Democratic regions in the state, by landslide margins, which included the major cities of Memphis and Nashville, the state capital. Carter made inroads in traditionally Republican East Tennessee, though Ford kept the region in his column with his wins in the major cities of Chattanooga and Knoxville.
Carter outperformed by 0.44% Lyndon B. Johnson’s 1964 result during that President’s national landslide; this was the first occasion since Oklahoma became a state in 1907 that Tennessee and Oklahoma produced a different popular vote winner, an occurrence replicated only in 1992 and 1996. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last presidential election in which the Democratic candidate won Tennessee with a majority of the popular vote. Bill Clinton would carry the state in both his 1992 and 1996 presidential campaigns, though with pluralities with Tennessee native Al Gore on the tickets; this is the last election in which Williamson County, Sullivan County, Madison County, Hamblen County, Cumberland County, McMinn County, Loudon County, Monroe County, Rhea County, Chester County voted for a Democratic Presidential candidate
2008 United States presidential election in Tennessee
The 2008 United States presidential election in Tennessee took place on November 4, 2008, was part of the 2008 United States presidential election. Voters chose 11 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. Tennessee was won by Republican nominee John McCain by 15.06 percentage points. Prior to the election, 17 news organizations considered Tennessee a win for McCain. Early polling in Tennessee gave a solid edge to McCain over Democrat Barack Obama by up to a 20-point margin; the expected "landslide" by McCain in Tennessee meant. Most news organizations called Tennessee for McCain as soon as all the polls in the state closed. McCain improved upon George W. Bush's performance in 2004, a much better year nationally for the Republicans; this was the first time since 1960 when Tennessee did not back the overall winning candidate in a presidential election and the most recent presidential election as of 2016 in which the Democratic candidate received more than 40% of the vote.
Moreover, this was the most recent presidential election as of 2016 where both Jackson and Houston Counties voted for the Democrat. 2008 Tennessee Democratic primary 2008 Tennessee Republican primary There were 16 news organizations who made state-by-state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day: D. C. Political Report: Republican Cook Political Report: Solid Republican Takeaway: Solid McCain Electoral-vote.com: Strong Republican Washington Post: Solid McCain Politico: Solid McCain Real Clear Politics: Solid McCain FiveThirtyEight.com: Solid McCain CQ Politics: Safe Republican New York Times: Solid Republican CNN: Safe Republican NPR: Solid McCain MSNBC: Solid McCain Fox News: Republican Associated Press: Republican Rasmussen Reports: Safe Republican McCain won every single pre-election poll, each by a double-digit margin of victory. The final 3 polls averaged McCain leading 55% to 40%. John McCain raised a total of $2,941,065 in the state. Barack Obama raised $3,481,341.
Obama spent $518,659. The Republican ticket spent just $3,526. Obama visited the state once. McCain visited the state twice, visiting Blountville. Despite narrowly voting for Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996 when native son Al Gore was on the ticket as Vice President, the state has been trending Republican since then. George W. Bush narrowly carried the state in 2000 over Tennessee native Gore and won in 2004 over John Kerry; the state was one of five states that swung more Republican in 2008 with John McCain soundly defeating Barack Obama in the Volunteer State. 2008 marked the first time since 1960 whereby the state was carried by the losing presidential candidate. McCain won both East Middle Tennessee by landslide margins. East Tennessee, a part of Appalachia, has voted Republican since the party was founded. Middle Tennessee voted for Bill Clinton of neighboring Arkansas, but Middle Tennessee native Al Gore narrowly lost the region in 2000—a loss that cost him Tennessee, the election. In contrast, it was one of the few regions in the country which voted more Republican than in 2004.
This is due to a growing social conservative trend in the region in the Nashville suburbs. On the other hand, Barack Obama did improve well upon John Kerry's performances in the traditionally Democratic cities of Nashville and Memphis. In the former, support amongst progressive whites led to a 3-2 victory for Obama in Davidson County. In Memphis, heavy African American turnout ensured him the largest margin in the state in Shelby County, although far from enough to outweigh his losses everywhere else in the state. McCain, carried the third- and fourth- most populated cities of Chattanooga in Hamilton County as well as Knoxville in Knox County. During the same election, at the state level, Republicans picked up four seats in the Tennessee House of Representatives and three seats in the Tennessee Senate to obtain control of both chambers of the state legislature for the first time since Reconstruction; as of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Houston County and Jackson County voted for the Democratic candidate or where the Democratic candidate won over a million votes.
John McCain swept the state and carried seven of the state's nine congressional districts, including three districts held by Democrats. Barack Obama carried the state's two congressional districts anchored by the two largest cities of Memphis and Nashville. Technically the voters of Tennessee cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Tennessee is allocated 11 electors because it has 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 11 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 11 electoral votes, their chosen electors vote for president and vice president. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them. An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector; the electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 15, 2008, to cast their votes for president and vice president.
The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in
Howard Henry Baker Jr. was an American politician and diplomat who served as a Republican US Senator from Tennessee, Senate Minority Leader, Senate Majority Leader. Known in Washington, D. C. as the "Great Conciliator," Baker was regarded as one of the most successful senators in terms of brokering compromises, enacting legislation, maintaining civility. For example, he had a lead role in the fashioning and passing of the Clean Air Act of 1970 with Democratic senator Edmund Muskie. A moderate conservative, he was respected by his Democratic colleagues. Baker sought the Republican presidential nomination in 1980 but dropped out after the first set of primaries. From 1987 to 1988, he served as White House Chief of Staff for President Ronald Reagan. From 2001 to 2005, he was the United States Ambassador to Japan. Baker was born in Tennessee, to Dora Ann née Ladd and Howard Baker Sr.. His father served as a Republican member of the US House of Representatives from 1951 to 1964, representing a traditionally-Republican district in East Tennessee.
Baker attended The McCallie School in Chattanooga, after graduating, he attended Tulane University in New Orleans. Baker was an alumnus of the Alpha Sigma Chapter of the Pi Kappa Phi fraternity. During World War II, he trained at a U. S. Navy facility on the campus of the University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee, in the V-12 Navy College Training Program, he served in the United States Navy from 1943 to 1946 and graduated from the University of Tennessee College of Law in 1949. That year, he began his law practice. Baker began his political career in 1964, when he lost to the liberal Democrat Ross Bass in a US Senate election to fill the unexpired term of the late Senator Estes Kefauver. In the 1966 United States Senate election in Tennessee, Bass lost the Democratic primary to a former Governor of Tennessee, Frank G. Clement, Baker handily won his Republican primary race against Kenneth Roberts, 112,617 to 36,043. Baker won the general election, capitalizing on Clement's failure to energize the Democratic base organized labor.
He won by a somewhat larger-than-expected margin of 55.7 percent to Clement's 44.2 percent. Baker thus became the first Republican senator from Tennessee since Reconstruction and the first Republican to be popularly elected to the Senate from Tennessee. Harry W. Wellford a private attorney but a US District Court justice and US 6th Circuit Court of Appeals Justice, served as Baker's campaign chair and closest confidant. Baker was re-elected in 1972 and again in 1978 and served from January 3, 1967, to January 3, 1985. In 1969, he was a candidate for the Minority Leadership position that opened up with the death of his father-in-law, Everett Dirksen, but Baker was defeated 24–19 by Hugh Scott. At the beginning of the next Congress, in 1971, Baker ran again, losing again to Scott, 24–20; when Scott retired, Baker was elected as leader of the Senate Republicans in 1977 by his Republican colleagues, defeating Robert Griffin, 19–18. Baker led the Senate GOP for the last eight years of his tenure, serving two terms as Senate Minority Leader and two terms as Senate Majority Leader.
Baker did not seek further re-election but concluded his Senate career in 1985. He was succeeded by future Vice President Al Gore. President Richard Nixon asked Baker in 1971 to fill one of the two empty seats on the US Supreme Court; when Baker took too long to decide whether he wanted the appointment, Nixon changed his mind and nominated William Rehnquist instead. In 1973 to 1974, Baker was the influential ranking minority member of the Senate Watergate Committee, chaired by Senator Sam Ervin, which investigated the Watergate scandal. Baker famously asked aloud, "What did the President know and when did he know it?" The question is sometimes attributed to being given to him by his counsel and former campaign manager, future US Senator Fred Thompson. John Dean, former counsel to Nixon, revealed to Senate Watergate chief counsel Samuel Dash in executive session that Baker had "secret dealings with the White House" during the congressional investigation. Although Baker, as a US senator, would be a juror in any future impeachment trial, Baker was recorded, on February 22, 1973, promising Nixon, "I'm your friend.
I'm going to see that your interests are protected."Watergate reporter Bob Woodward wrote that "both the majority Democrats and minority Republicans agreed to share all information." One such document shared by Nixon lawyer Fred Buzhardt inadvertently suggested the presence of Nixon's secret taping system. Baker was mentioned by insiders as a possible nominee for Vice President of the United States on a ticket headed by incumbent President Gerald Ford in 1976. According to many sources, Baker was a frontrunner until he disclosed that his wife, was a recovered alcoholic. Ford, evidently concluding that one alcoholic spouse in the campaign, his wife, was sufficient, chose Kansas Senator Bob Dole. Baker ran for U. S. President in 1980, dropping out of the race for the Republican nomination after losing the Iowa caucuses to George H. W. Bush and the New Hampshire primary to Ronald Reagan though a Gallup poll had him in second place in the presidential race at 18%, behind Reagan at 41% as late as November 1979.
Baker's support of the 1978 Panama Canal Treaties was overwhelmingly unpopular among Republicans, it was a factor in Reagan's choosing Bush instead as his running mate. Ted Stevens served as Acting Minority Leader during Baker's primary campaign. In 1984, Baker received the Presidential Medal of Freedom; as a testament to Baker's skill as a negotiator and an
2016 Tennessee Democratic primary
The 2016 Tennessee Democratic primary took place on March 1 in the U. S. state of Tennessee as one of the Democratic Party's primaries ahead of the 2016 presidential election. On the same day, dubbed "Super Tuesday," Democratic primaries were held in ten other states plus American Samoa, while the Republican Party held primaries in eleven states including their own Tennessee primary. Primary date: March 1, 2016 National delegates: 75 Clinton swept Tennessee, winning the primary in a 34-point-routing over Bernie Sanders; the intensity of her victory in the primary was delivered by African American voters, who comprised 32% of the electorate and backed Clinton over Sanders by a margin of 89-10. Clinton won the white vote 57-42. Clinton swept all income levels and educational attainment levels in Tennessee, and though Sanders won the youth vote, Clinton won among voters over the age of 45 by a margin of 78-21. Her strong support among African American voters handed Clinton an 82-18 showing in the Memphis area.
She won in Nashville 66-33, in Central Tennessee 66-35, in Eastern Tennessee, whiter and considered to be an extension of Appalachia by a margin of 58-42
1912 United States presidential election in Tennessee
The 1912 United States presidential election in Tennessee took place on November 5, 1912, as part of the 1912 United States presidential election. Tennessee voters chose twelve representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. Tennessee was won by Princeton University President Woodrow Wilson, running with governor of Indiana Thomas R. Marshall, with 52.80% of the popular vote, against the 27th president of the United States William Howard Taft, running with Columbia University President Nicholas Murray Butler, with 24.00% of the popular vote, the 26th president of the United States Theodore Roosevelt, running with governor of California Hiram Johnson, with 21.45% of the popular vote and the five-time candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States Eugene V. Debs, running with the first Socialist mayor of a major city in the United States Emil Seidel, with 1.41% of the popular vote. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Hawkins County voted for the Democratic candidate, as well as the last election in which Blount County, Washington County, Sevier County, Carter County, Jefferson County, Henderson County, Grainger County, Scott County, Unicoi County, Johnson County did not vote for the Republican candidate