GKS Katowice is a Polish football club based in Katowice, Poland. The club currently plays in the Polish First League, in mid-1963 Rapid Welnowiec and Orzeł Welnowiec merged, creating Rapid/Orzeł. Four years on the 9 August 1968, Dąb Katowice amalgamated with GKS Katowice, GKS Katowice made its debut in Polish footballs top league on 8 August 1965 when GKS Katowice took on local rivals Górnik Zabrze. GKS Katowices debut season in the top flight was in the season of 1965–66, the new team quickly gained experience and ability. A bad patch for the club came in 1971, when Katowice was relegated to the 2nd Division, the clubs problems were quickly overcome, and GKS returned to the topflight where they played with pride and passion. From 1982 the club found itself up the top end of the ladder. In 1985 GKS Katowice played in its first Polish Cup final, the following year GKS played off in a memorable final at Stadion Śląski against Górnik Zabrze, GKS triumphed 4-1. From that moment the city of Katowice began to live and breathe football, the next year GKS finished third and the two following years they were runners-up.
In 1989 GKS again came third, and in 1991 GKS were runners-up, from 1986 to 1995 to GKS Katowice were four times runners-up in the league, twice the winners of the Polish Supercup and three time Polish Cup winners. The biggest moments for the club and fans were always when the took part in European cups. The first time GKS faced European opposition was in 1970, in the now defunct Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, Katowice didnt lose by much, the fans were proud of their club. The second time GKS took part in European football they showed more, in the first round of the 1986–1987 UEFA Cup Winners Cup GKS defeated Icelands Fram Reykjavík but in the second round they lost to Switzerlands Sion. For the next 10 years GKS Katowice took part in European football, over the years fans of GKS got to witness their team take on the likes of Sportul Studentsc Bucharest, Club Brugge, Benfica, Girondins Bordeaux and twice Bayer Leverkusen. GKSs record in European football stands at 10 wins,7 draws, GKS Katowice again fell on hard times during the mining crisis.
In 1999 the team was relegated from the Ekstraklasa, but was back in the only a year later. Piotr Dziurowicz became president who, despite growing debts and financial troubles, in 2003 the team even managed to qualify for the UEFA Cup by finishing third in the league under coach Jan Żurek. This was hailed as one of the biggest surprises ever in the history of the Ekstraklasa, despite the success, the debts under Piotr Dziurowicz began to grow to a significant sum. From March 27,2003 to June 11,2004 the club played under the name of its main sponsor Dospel Katowice, to make matters worse the team had to drop to the 4th Division due to legal and financial problems
SV Darmstadt 98
SV Darmstadt 98 is a German football club based in Darmstadt, Hesse. The club was founded on 22 May 1898 as FC Olympia Darmstadt, early in 1919 the association was briefly known as Rasen-Sportverein Olympia before merging with Darmstädter Sport Club 1905 on 11 November that year to become Sportverein Darmstadt 98. Merger partner SC was the product of a 1905 union between Viktoria 1900 Darmstadt and Germania 1903 Darmstadt, the footballers are today part of a sports club which offers its approximately 5,500 members athletics, cheerleading, hiking and table tennis. The football department competed in the Bundesliga for the 2015–16 season after a 33-year run in lower leagues and they managed to hold their position and will be competing in the Bundesliga for the 2016–17 season. Dirk Schuster has been the manager of the club since 28 December 2012, Olympia played as a lower table side in the Westkreisliga between 1909 and 1913. In the late 20s and early 30s the club played as SV Darmstadt in the Kreisliga Odenwald and Bezirksliga Main-Hessen, Gruppe Hesse, in 1933, German football was reorganized under the Third Reich into sixteen premier divisions known as Gauligen.
Darmstadt was not able to break into upper league play until 1941 when they joined the Gauliga Hessen-Nassau and their stay was short-lived and they were relegated after their second season of play at that level. By 1944–45 the division had collapsed in the face of the advance of Allied armies into Germany, Darmstadt enjoyed a long run as a second division team through the 50s and again from the time of the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963 on into the 70s. A side with limited resources, Darmstadt eventually managed two seasons in the Bundesliga and they narrowly missed a third turn in the top league in 1988 when they lost in a lengthy relegation-promotion play-off to Waldhof Mannheim in extra time of the third match between the two clubs. In the following years Darmstadt 98 escaped relegation to the Amateur Oberliga Hessen in 1991 when Essen was refused a 2, however, by 1997, SV had themselves become victims of financial mismanagement, slipping to the third and fourth divisions. The teams most recent successes include wins in the Hessen Pokal in 1999,2001,2006,2007 and 2008 as well as three consecutive Possmann-Hessen Cup wins from 2000 to 2002.
In the German Cup Darmstadt advanced as far as the round in 1989 and 2001. In 2004 the club claimed the Oberliga Hessen championship under manager and ex-player Bruno Labaddia and were promoted to the Regionalliga Süd, financial problems limited their options and they were relegated to the Oberliga Hessen at the end of the 2006–07 season. The clubs stated aim was to reach the new 3, however, on 6 March 2008 Darmstadt entered insolvency proceedings with debts of around €1.1 million making the future of the club uncertain. After the 2007–08 Oberliga Hessen-Championship, Darmstadt played in the Regionalliga Süd, after winning the 2010–11 Regionalliga Süd in dramatic fashion, Darmstadt were promoted to the 3. In 2012, Dirk Schuster was appointed as coach. In the 2012–13 season the club was relegated but their fiercest rivals Kickers Offenbach were refused a 3. Liga licence due to going into administration and were relegated to the Regionalliga instead, SV Darmstadt 98 took Offenbachs place
Odense Boldklub is a Danish professional football club based in the city Odense. The club has won three Danish championships and five Danish Cup trophies, OB play in the Danish Superliga and their home field is EWII Park in Odense on Funen. OBs clubhouse is located in Ådalen near Odense River, OB were founded on 12 July 1887 as Odense Cricketklub, with cricket the only sport. In 1889, football and tennis departments were included in the club, the club were located in Munke Mose in Odense. OB moved to Ådalen in 1968, where the club still trains today, in 1916, OB won the province championship for the first time and qualified to the semi-final of the Danish championship. They lost this match 3–9 to champions B.93 from Copenhagen, when the Danish championship was reorganized after the Occupation of Denmark during World War II, OB were placed in the third best league, named the Danish 3rd Division. After good help from the top goalscorers Svend Jørgen Hansen and Jørgen Leschly Sørensen, Svend Jørgen Hansen became OBs first Danish national team player in 1942, while Jørgen Leschly Sørensen was sold to the professional Italian team Atalanta in 1949.
In 1951, OB won their first medals, when the club won silver after runaway champions Akademisk Boldklub, following the early success, it went down hill for the club. OB were relegated to the second-tier Danish 2nd Division in 1955, despite promotions to the Danish 1st Division in 1957 and 1966, the club did not succeed to permanently stay in the top-flight until the promotion in 1975. It did not help that the rivals from B1909 and B1913 stayed in the top of the 1st Division in this period. The intense local rivalry culminated in 1973, when 28,000 spectators watched the 2nd Division match between De Stribede and De røde on Odense Stadion, the match is still the spectator record for an OB home game. In 1974, the club were in their first Danish Cup final, per Bartram from OB were awarded the title as Cup Fighter. In 1975, OB was once promoted to the 1st Division. This time the club had the players to be a top team in the best league under the reign of coach Richard Møller Nielsen, just two years later, OB won their first Danish championship in the 1977 season.
OBs midfielder Allan Hansen was the top goalscorer in the 1st Division and he was awarded as 1977 Danish Player of the Year award, the championship win meant that OB played their first European matches in 1978. They competed in the 1978 European Cup, where they lost in the first round to Bulgarian side Lokomotiv Sofia, in 1980, OB won bronze and the Danish championship was won for the second time in 1982. As Ricard Møller Nielsens OB team were one of the teams in Danish football in this period, B1909 finished last in the 1982 1st Division. This made OB the best team of the Funen region, in 1983 OB took the cup to win their – so far – only The Double
SK Rapid Wien
Sportklub Rapid Wien, often called Rapid Vienna in English, is an Austrian football club playing in the countrys capital city of Vienna. Rapid is the most successful Austrian club in terms of titles, it has won 32 Austrian league titles. Rapid twice reached the final of the European Cup Winners Cup in 1985 and 1996, the club was founded in 1897 as Erster Wiener Arbeiter-Fußball-Club. The teams original colours were red and blue, which are often used in away matches. On 8 January 1899 the club was renamed, taking on its present name of Sportklub Rapid Wien, in 1904, the team colours were changed to green and white. The club won Austrias first ever championship in 1911–12 by a single point. Rapid became a dominant force during the years between the wars, an era in which Austria was one of the leading football nations on the continent. It won its first hat-trick of titles from 1919 to 1921, Rapid would be the most successful of these clubs. The team was able to overcome a 3–0 Schalke lead to win the match 4–3, as the winners of the 1954–55 season, Rapid were Austrias entrant for the inaugural European Cup in the following season.
They were drawn in the first round against PSV Eindhoven of the Netherlands, despite losing the away leg 1–0. The club still advanced to a quarter-final, where they started with a 1–1 home draw against Italys AC Milan before being defeated 7–2 in the match at the San Siro. Rapids best performance in the European Cup came in the 1960–61 season when they reached the semi-final before being eliminated by eventual winners S. L, benfica of Portugal 4–1 on aggregate. Previously, in the quarter-final, the club required a replay to eliminate East German club Aue from the tournament after a 3–3 aggregate draw. The modern away goals rule would have seen Aue advance without needing the replay, held at the St Jakob Park in neutral Basel, the club was involved in a controversial episode in 1984 when they eliminated Scottish club Celtic from the European Cup Winners Cup last 16. Celtic were leading 4–3 on aggregate with 14 minutes left in the match, as the Rapid players protested to the match officials, their defender Rudolf Weinhofer fell to the ground, and claimed to have been hit by a bottle thrown from the stands.
Television images clearly showed that a bottle was thrown onto the pitch, the match finished 4–3, but Rapid appealed to UEFA for a replay, and both teams were fined. The replay appeal was turned down initially, but Rapid appealed for a second time, on this occasion, Rapids fine was doubled but UEFA stipulated that the game be replayed 100 miles away from Celtics ground. The game was held on 12 December 1984 at Old Trafford, England, Rapid reached its first European final in 1985, losing 3–1 in the Cup Winners Cup Final to Everton of England in Rotterdam
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. The country contains geographically diverse features within its small area. Israels economy and technology center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, in 1947, the United Nations adopted a Partition Plan for Mandatory Palestine recommending the creation of independent Arab and Jewish states and an internationalized Jerusalem. The plan was accepted by the Jewish Agency for Palestine, next year, the Jewish Agency declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Israel, to be known as the State of Israel. Israel has since fought several wars with neighboring Arab states, in the course of which it has occupied territories including the West Bank, Golan Heights and it extended its laws to the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem, but not the West Bank. Israels occupation of the Palestinian territories is the worlds longest military occupation in modern times, efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have not resulted in peace.
However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have successfully been signed, the population of Israel, as defined by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, was estimated in 2017 to be 8,671,100 people. It is the worlds only Jewish-majority state, with 74. 8% being designated as Jewish, the countrys second largest group of citizens are Arabs, at 20. 8%. The great majority of Israeli Arabs are Sunni Muslims, including significant numbers of semi-settled Negev Bedouins, other minorities include Arameans, Assyrians, Black Hebrew Israelites, Circassians and Samaritans. Israel hosts a significant population of foreign workers and asylum seekers from Africa and Asia, including illegal migrants from Sudan, Eritrea. In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a Jewish, Israel is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage. The prime minister is head of government and the Knesset is the legislature, Israel is a developed country and an OECD member, with the 35th-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product as of 2016.
The country benefits from a skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentage of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. The country has the highest standard of living in the Middle East and the third highest in Asia, in the early weeks of independence, the government chose the term Israeli to denote a citizen of Israel, with the formal announcement made by Minister of Foreign Affairs Moshe Sharett. The names Land of Israel and Children of Israel have historically used to refer to the biblical Kingdom of Israel. The name Israel in these phrases refers to the patriarch Jacob who, jacobs twelve sons became the ancestors of the Israelites, known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Children of Israel. The earliest known artifact to mention the word Israel as a collective is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt. The area is known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Islam
Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.7 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north and Slovakia to the east and Italy to the south, the territory of Austria covers 83,879 km2. The terrain is mountainous, lying within the Alps, only 32% of the country is below 500 m. The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, other local official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene. The origins of modern-day Austria date back to the time of the Habsburg dynasty, from the time of the Reformation, many northern German princes, resenting the authority of the Emperor, used Protestantism as a flag of rebellion. Following Napoleons defeat, Prussia emerged as Austrias chief competitor for rule of a greater Germany, Austrias defeat by Prussia at the Battle of Königgrätz, during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, cleared the way for Prussia to assert control over the rest of Germany.
In 1867, the empire was reformed into Austria-Hungary, Austria was thus the first to go to war in the July Crisis, which would ultimately escalate into World War I. The First Austrian Republic was established in 1919, in 1938 Nazi Germany annexed Austria in the Anschluss. This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Germany was occupied by the Allies, in 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation. In the same year, the Austrian Parliament created the Declaration of Neutrality which declared that the Second Austrian Republic would become permanently neutral, Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy comprising nine federal states. The capital and largest city, with a population exceeding 1.7 million, is Vienna, other major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz and Innsbruck. Austria is one of the richest countries in the world, with a nominal per capita GDP of $43,724, the country has developed a high standard of living and in 2014 was ranked 21st in the world for its Human Development Index.
Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, joined the European Union in 1995, Austria signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the euro currency in 1999. The German name for Austria, Österreich, meant eastern realm in Old High German, and is cognate with the word Ostarrîchi and this word is probably a translation of Medieval Latin Marchia orientalis into a local dialect. Austria was a prefecture of Bavaria created in 976, the word Austria is a Latinisation of the German name and was first recorded in the 12th century. Accordingly, Norig would essentially mean the same as Ostarrîchi and Österreich, the Celtic name was eventually Latinised to Noricum after the Romans conquered the area that encloses most of modern-day Austria, around 15 BC. Noricum became a Roman province in the mid-first century AD, heers hypothesis is not accepted by linguists. Settled in ancient times, the Central European land that is now Austria was occupied in pre-Roman times by various Celtic tribes, the Celtic kingdom of Noricum was claimed by the Roman Empire and made a province
FC Red Bull Salzburg
FC Red Bull Salzburg is an Austrian association football club, based in Wals-Siezenheim. Their home ground is the Red Bull Arena, due to sponsorship restrictions, the club is known as FC Salzburg and wears a modified crest when playing in UEFA competitions. The change resulted in some of the teams fans forming a new club, the team currently has 10 league titles to its name, and four Austrian Cups, all of which came as doubles. FC Red Bull Salzburg was founded on 13 September 1933 as SV Austria Salzburg, in 1950, the club was dissolved but re-founded the same year. It reached the Austrian top flight in 1953, and finished 9th of 14 clubs in its first season there, vienna-born Erich Probst was Salzburgs first-ever international, earning the last of his 19 Austrian caps on 27 March 1960. Adolf Macek, who made the first of his four appearances on 9 October 1965, was the clubs first local player to earn a cap for Austria. Salzburg were top-flight runners-up for the first time in the 1970–71 season, the clubs first-ever European campaign was in the 1971-72 UEFA Cup, and it was eliminated 5–4 on aggregate by Romanian club UTA despite a 3–1 home victory in the second leg.
In 1974, Salzburg reached the Austrian Cup final for the first time, in 1978, the official name was changed to SV Casino Salzburg and in 1997, to SV Wüstenrot Salzburg, due to a sponsorship deal with an Austrian financial services corporation. The team often remained referred to as SV Austria Salzburg, during the Casino era, Salzburg reached their first and so far only European final, the 1994 UEFA Cup Final, where they lost both legs 1–0 to Italian club Inter Milan. That same season, Salzburg won their first Bundesliga title, beating Austria Vienna by 51 points to 49, the title was retained the following season as Salzburg beat Sturm Graz on goal difference. The 1995–96 season saw a drop to eighth place, one above a relegation play-off, Salzburgs inaugural UEFA Champions League campaign in 1994–95 saw them reach the group stage by beating Israels Maccabi Haifa 5–2 on aggregate. They were drawn into Group D with holders and eventual finalists AC Milan and eventual winners Ajax Amsterdam, despite drawing both matches with Ajax, Salzburg picked up a solitary 3–1 win away in Athens and were eliminated in third place.
The club moved to its current stadium in 2003, the Red Bull company bought the club on 6 April 2005 and rebranded it. After the takeover, Red Bull changed the name, management. Red Bull initially claimed on the website that the club was founded in 2005. The new authority removed all trace of violet from the club logo, a small pair of wings form the motif of the new club crest, displayed on the team jersey, in accordance with Red Bulls commercial slogan at the time, gives you wings. This complete re-branding of the team proved very similar to Red Bulls treatment of its two Formula One racing teams, Red Bull Racing and Scuderia Toro Rosso, the traditional supporters tried to resist the radical changes and formed their own movement in order to regain some of the tradition. Several fan-clubs throughout Europe voiced their support in what they saw as a fight against the growing commercialisation of football, after five months of protests and talks between the club owners and traditional fans, no compromise was reached
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany or FRG in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 to German reunification on 3 October 1990. During this Cold War era, NATO-aligned West Germany and Warsaw Pact-aligned East Germany were divided by the Inner German border, after 1961 West Berlin was physically separated from East Berlin as well as from East Germany by the Berlin Wall. This situation ended when East Germany was dissolved and its five states joined the ten states of the Federal Republic of Germany along with the reunified city-state of Berlin. With the reunification of West and East Germany, the Federal Republic of Germany, enlarged now to sixteen states and this period is referred to as the Bonn Republic by historians, alluding to the interwar Weimar Republic and the post-reunification Berlin Republic. The Federal Republic of Germany was established from eleven states formed in the three Allied Zones of occupation held by the United States, the United Kingdom and France, US and British forces remained in the country throughout the Cold War.
Its population grew from roughly 51 million in 1950 to more than 63 million in 1990, the city of Bonn was its de facto capital city. The fourth Allied occupation zone was held by the Soviet Union, as a result, West Germany had a territory about half the size of the interbellum democratic Weimar Republic. At the onset of the Cold War, Europe was divided among the Western and Eastern blocs, Germany was de facto divided into two countries and two special territories, the Saarland and divided Berlin. The Federal Republic of Germany claimed a mandate for all of Germany. It took the line that the GDR was an illegally constituted puppet state, though the GDR did hold regular elections, these were not free and fair. For all practical purposes the GDR was a Soviet puppet state, from the West German perspective the GDR was therefore illegitimate. Three southwestern states of West Germany merged to form Baden-Württemberg in 1952, in addition to the resulting ten states, West Berlin was considered an unofficial de facto 11th state.
It recognised the GDR as a de facto government within a single German nation that in turn was represented de jure by the West German state alone. From 1973 onward, East Germany recognised the existence of two German countries de jure, and the West as both de facto and de jure foreign country, the Federal Republic and the GDR agreed that neither of them could speak in the name of the other. The first chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who remained in office until 1963, had worked for an alignment with NATO rather than neutrality. He not only secured a membership in NATO but was a proponent of agreements that developed into the present-day European Union, when the G6 was established in 1975, there was no question whether the Federal Republic of Germany would be a member as well. With the collapse of communism in Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, symbolised by the opening of the Berlin Wall, East Germany voted to dissolve itself and accede to the Federal Republic in 1990. Its five post-war states were reconstituted along with the reunited Berlin and they formally joined the Federal Republic on 3 October 1990, raising the number of states from 10 to 16, ending the division of Germany
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe, situated between the Baltic Sea in the north and two mountain ranges in the south. Bordered by Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south and Belarus to the east, the total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres, making it the 69th largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country in the world, the 8th most populous country in Europe, Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, and its capital and largest city is Warsaw. Other metropolises include Kraków, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk and Szczecin, the establishment of a Polish state can be traced back to 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin.
This union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest and most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, Poland regained its independence in 1918 at the end of World War I, reconstituting much of its historical territory as the Second Polish Republic. In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, followed thereafter by invasion by the Soviet Union. More than six million Polish citizens died in the war, after the war, Polands borders were shifted westwards under the terms of the Potsdam Conference. With the backing of the Soviet Union, a communist puppet government was formed, and after a referendum in 1946. During the Revolutions of 1989 Polands Communist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy, informally called the Third Polish Republic. Since the early 1990s, when the transition to a primarily market-based economy began, Poland has achieved a high ranking on the Human Development Index.
Poland is a country, which was categorised by the World Bank as having a high-income economy. Furthermore, it is visited by approximately 16 million tourists every year, Poland is the eighth largest economy in the European Union and was the 6th fastest growing economy on the continent between 2010 and 2015. According to the Global Peace Index for 2014, Poland is ranked 19th in the list of the safest countries in the world to live in. The origin of the name Poland derives from a West Slavic tribe of Polans that inhabited the Warta River basin of the historic Greater Poland region in the 8th century, the origin of the name Polanie itself derives from the western Slavic word pole. In some foreign languages such as Hungarian, Lithuanian and Turkish the exonym for Poland is Lechites, historians have postulated that throughout Late Antiquity, many distinct ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Poland. The most famous archaeological find from the prehistory and protohistory of Poland is the Biskupin fortified settlement, dating from the Lusatian culture of the early Iron Age, the Slavic groups who would form Poland migrated to these areas in the second half of the 5th century AD.
With the Baptism of Poland the Polish rulers accepted Christianity and the authority of the Roman Church
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a federal republic in Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western-Central Europe, and is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2. The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The country has a history of armed neutrality going back to the Reformation, it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815, nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to international organisations.
On the European level, it is a member of the European Free Trade Association. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties, spanning the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions, French and Romansh. Due to its diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names, Suisse, Svizzera. On coins and stamps, Latin is used instead of the four living languages, Switzerland is one of the most developed countries in the world, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product according to the IMF. Zürich and Geneva have each been ranked among the top cities in the world in terms of quality of life, with the former ranked second globally, according to Mercer. The English name Switzerland is a compound containing Switzer, a term for the Swiss. The English adjective Swiss is a loan from French Suisse, in use since the 16th century.
The name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, the Swiss began to adopt the name for themselves after the Swabian War of 1499, used alongside the term for Confederates, used since the 14th century. The data code for Switzerland, CH, is derived from Latin Confoederatio Helvetica. The toponym Schwyz itself was first attested in 972, as Old High German Suittes, ultimately related to swedan ‘to burn’