1981 Pakistan International Airlines hijacking

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1981 Pakistan International Airlines Boeing 720 hijacking
Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 720B ET-AAH LHR 1982-5-29.png
A Boeing 720 similar to the hijacked aircraft
Date 2 March 1981
Summary Hijacking
Site en route
Aircraft type Boeing 720
Operator Pakistan International Airlines
Registration PK-326
Flight origin Karachi
Stopover Kabul (1st diversion)
1st stopover Damascus (2nd diversion)
Destination Peshawar
Passengers 135 (inc. 3 terrorists)
Crew 9
Fatalities 1
Injuries 0
Survivors 143

In March 1981, Al-Zulfiqar led by Murtaza Bhutto hijacked a Pakistan International Airlines flight en route to Peshawar from Karachi, and diverted it to Kabul.[1] The hijacking went on for thirteen days, during which Major Tariq Rahim was shot to death; the hijackers mistakenly believed Rahim to be the son of General Rahimuddin Khan. Tariq Rahim has been ADC with Mr. Bhutto and has been transferred to Foreign Service on the reference of Mr. Bhutto. He was very well known to the Bhutto Family but Murtaza felt he had deceived his father. Rahim was executed following Murtaza Bhutto's conferring with KHAD chief Mohammad Najibullah. The execution forced the Zia-ul-Haq regime to accept the demands of the hijackers, releasing dozens of Pakistan Peoples Party and other leftist political prisoners languishing in Pakistani jails. Major Tariq Rahim's body was thrown from the plane on the tarmac where he bled to death.

Al-Zulfiqar and PSF activist Salamullah Tipu along with three other PSF militants hijacked the plane. The plane was first forced to land at Kabul airport, and was then flown to Damascus. Although undertaken to ‘avenge Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s hanging by Zia’, the hijacking was at once condemned by the young co-chairperson of the PPP, Benazir Bhutto, who was languishing in a Karachi jail.

The hijackers demanded that 55 political prisoners be released. These included PPP, PSF, NSF and some Marxist Jiyala activists. Zia-ul-Haq hesitated and Tipu shot dead Captain Tariq Rahim, whom he mistakenly believed to be the son of then-martial law administrator General Rahimuddin Khan on the plane accusing him of being a part of Zia’s coup against Bhutto. He wasn’t.

Around 50 prisoners were eventually released by the Zia-ul-Haq regime. Tipu was thrown in a Kabul prison and eventually executed in 1984 for murdering an Afghan national. His body was never returned, and he is said to have been buried somewhere near Kabul.

The successful hijacking not only saw many of the released men join AZO, but the organisation also welcomed a whole new batch of recruits who travelled across Pakistan’s tribal areas and entered Afghanistan

AZO described itself as a socialist guerrilla outfit, but its main purpose was avenging Bhutto’s death. The organisation was mostly made up of young PSF militants, and members of small left-wing groups such as the Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party.[2]

One of the three American hostages on the flight, Fred Hubbell, is currently running for the position of governor of the state of Iowa.[3]


  1. ^ "The Story of Al-Zulfiqar ‹ The Friday Times". www.thefridaytimes.com. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  2. ^ http://blog.dawn.com/2010/04/09/al-zulfikar-the-unsaid-history/.
  3. ^ Times, Henry Tanner and Special To the New York. "PLANE HIJACKERS SURRENDER IN SYRIA, ENDING 13-DAY ORDEAL FOR HOSTAGES". Retrieved 2018-07-11.