Willis Reed Jr. is an American retired basketball player and general manager. He spent his entire professional playing career with the New York Knicks. In 1982, Reed was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. In 1996, he was voted one of the "50 Greatest Players in NBA History". After retiring as a player, Reed served as assistant and head coach with several teams for nearly a decade was promoted to general manager and vice president of basketball operations for the New Jersey Nets; as senior vice president of basketball operations, he led them to the NBA Finals in 2002 and 2003. Reed was born on June 1942 in Dubach, Louisiana within Lincoln Parish, he grew up on a farm in Louisiana. His parents worked to ensure. Reed showed athletic ability at an early age and played basketball at West Side High School in Lillie, Louisiana. Reed attended Grambling State University, a black college. Playing for the Grambling State Tigers men's basketball team, Reed amassed 2,280 career points, averaging 26.6 points per game and 21.3 rebounds per game during his senior year.
He led the Tigers to three Southwestern Athletic Conference championships. Reed became a member of Phi Beta Sigma fraternity; the New York Knicks selected Reed in the second round, with the eighth overall selection, in the 1964 NBA draft. Reed made a name as a fierce and physical force on both ends of the floor. In March 1965, he scored 46 points against the Los Angeles Lakers, the second-highest single game total by the Knicks' rookie. For the 1964–65 season, he ranked seventh in the NBA in scoring and fifth in rebounding, he began his string of All-Star appearances and won the NBA Rookie of the Year Award while being named to the NBA All-Rookie First Team. Reed proved to be a clutch playoff performer throughout his career, he gave an early indication of this in the 1966–67 season when he improved his regular season averages to 20.9 points per game, scoring 27.5 points per game in the postseason. He played center. Despite his average stature for a basketball player, he made up for his lack of height by playing a physical game ending seasons with respectable averages in blocking and rebounding.
He stood 6 ft 9 in when contemporaries such as Wilt Chamberlain stood 7 ft 1 in and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar was 7 ft 2 in. The team continued to struggle for a few years while adding good players through trades and the draft. Dick McGuire was replaced as coach with Red Holzman, midway through the 1967–68 season; the Knicks had gone 15–22 under McGuire. In 1968, New York's record was its first winning record since the 1958 -- 59 season. Reed continued to make annual appearances in the NBA All-Star Game. By this time, he was playing power forward. Reed averaged 11.6 rebounds in 1965–66 and 14.6 in 1966–67, both top 10 marks in the league. By the latter season, he had adjusted to the nuances of his new position, averaging 20.9 points to rank eighth in the NBA. In 1968–69, New York held opponents to a league-low 105.2 points per game. With Reed clogging the middle and Walt Frazier pressuring the ball, the Knicks would be the best defensive club in the league for five of the next six seasons. Reed scored 21.1 points per game in 1968–69 and grabbed a franchise record 1,191 rebounds, an average of 14.5 rebounds per game.
In the 1969–70 season, the Knicks won a franchise record 60 games and set a single season NBA record with an 18-game win streak. In 1970, Reed became the first player in NBA history to be named the NBA All-Star Game MVP, the NBA regular season MVP, the NBA Finals MVP in the same season; that same year, he was named to the All-NBA First Team and NBA All-Defensive First Team, as well as being named as ABC's Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year, the Sporting News NBA MVP. Reed's most famous performance took place on May 8, 1970, during game seven of the 1970 NBA Finals against the Los Angeles Lakers in Madison Square Garden. Due to a severe thigh injury, a torn muscle that had kept him out of game six, he was considered unlikely to play in game seven. However, Reed surprised the fans by walking onto the court during warmups, prompting widespread applause. Starting the game, he scored the Knicks' first two field goals on his first two shot attempts, his only points of the game. Following the game in the winner's locker room, a moved Howard Cosell told Reed on national television, "You exemplify the best that the human spirit can offer."
The Knicks slipped to a 52–30 record in the 1970–71 season, still good enough for first place in the Atlantic Division. Once again, Reed started in the All-Star Game. For the season, he averaged 20.9 points and 13.7 rebounds per game, but the Knicks were eliminated by the Baltimore Bullets in the Eastern Conference Finals. In 1971 -- 72, Reed was bothered by tendinitis in his left knee, he missed two weeks early in the season and returned, but shortly thereafter the injured knee prohibited him from playing, he totaled 11 games for the year. Without Reed, the Knicks still managed to make the NBA Finals, but were defeated in five games by the Los Angeles Lakers; the 1972–73 Knicks finished the season with a 57–25 record and went on to win another NBA title. Reed was less of a contributor. In 69 regular season games, he averaged only 11.0 points. In the playoffs, the Knicks beat the Bullets and upset the Boston Celti
DePaul University is a private, Roman Catholic university in Chicago, Illinois. Founded by the Vincentians in 1898, the university takes its name from the 17th-century French priest Saint Vincent de Paul. In 1998, it became the largest Catholic university by enrollment in the United States. In 2018 it was still considered nation's largest Catholic university. Following in the footsteps of its founders, DePaul places special emphasis on recruiting first-generation students and others from disadvantaged backgrounds. DePaul's two campuses are located in the Loop; the Lincoln Park Campus is home to the Colleges of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences and Health, Education. It houses the School of Music, the Theatre School, the John T. Richardson Library; the Loop campus houses the Colleges of Communication and Digital Media, Law, as well as the School of Public Service and the School for New Learning. It is home to the Kellstadt Graduate School of Business, part of the nationally ranked Driehaus College of Business, the tenth oldest business school in the nation.
The Loop campus houses the Loop Library, the Rinn Law Library, the Barnes and Noble-based Student Center. The university enrolls around 16,000 undergraduate and about 7,600 graduate/law students, making DePaul the 13th largest private university by enrollment in the United States, the largest private university in Illinois. According to the Division of Student Affairs website, about 90% of DePaul's students commute or live off campus; the student body represents a wide array of religious and geographic backgrounds, including over 60 foreign countries. DePaul's intercollegiate athletic teams, known as the DePaul Blue Demons, compete in the Big East Conference. DePaul's men's basketball team has made 18 NCAA tournament appearances and appeared in two Final Fours. Named St. Vincent's College, DePaul University was founded in 1898 by the Congregation of the Mission priests and brothers, known as the Vincentians. Followers of 17th-century French priest Saint Vincent de Paul, they founded the university to serve Roman Catholic children of immigrants.
Student enrollment grew from 70 in 1898 to 200 in 1903 in what is now the Lincoln Park neighborhood of Chicago. In that year, James Quigley, Archbishop of Chicago, announced plans to create a preparatory seminary, now Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary, for the archdiocese and allow the Jesuit Saint Ignatius College, now Loyola University Chicago to move its collegiate programs to the north side, threatening St. Vincent College's survival. In response, the Vincentians re-chartered in 1907 as DePaul University, expressly offering all of its courses of study to men and women of any religious background. DePaul began admitting women in 1911 and awarded degrees to its first female graduates in 1912, it was one of the first Catholic universities to admit female students in a co-educational setting. DePaul established the School of Music and the College of Commerce, the latter becoming one of the oldest business schools in the nation. In 1914, the College began offering courses in Chicago's Loop, the precursor of DePaul's second primary campus.
In 1915, the Illinois College of Law completed its affiliation with the university and became the DePaul University College of Law. Enrollment totaled more than 1,100. Although finances were rocky, the university continued to build in the 1920s. In 1926, the university was first accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Universities; when DePaul's first sports teams were formed in the early 1900s, the monogram "D" was selected for the uniforms. From this originated the nickname "D-men" which evolved into "Demons"; the color blue, which signifies loyalty and was chosen in 1901 by a vote of the student body, was added to the name to create the "Blue Demons". By 1930 more than 5,000 students were enrolled in eight schools on two campuses; the Great Depression led to fluctuations in enrollment and tuition as well as cutbacks, including elimination of the football team in 1939. In 1938, the Department of Elementary Education was established the only one in the Midwest and one of six in the United States.
With the entry of the United States into World War I in 1918, DePaul formed a unit of the US Army Reserve Officer Training Corps and converted its College Theatre into Army barracks. DePaul mobilized for World War II, offering its facilities for war training and free courses to train people for industry work; the G. I. Bill, which paid the tuition of veterans enrolled in college, turned the financial tide for DePaul. Enrollment in 1945 skyrocketed to 8,857 students, twice as many as the previous year, totaled more than 11,000 in 1948. Although a consulting firm recommended relocating from its deteriorating Lincoln Park neighborhood to the suburbs, trustees voted to remain and support revitalization of the neighborhood. In 1942, DePaul named Ray Meyer as head basketball coach. Meyer coached for DePaul until he retired in 1984, leading the 1945 team to the championship of the National Invitation Tournament and earning numerous honors, including election to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1979, the fourth active coach to be so honored.
The university would go on to honor Ray Meyer by naming their fitness center after him. In 1954, DePaul adopted its current armorial seal with coat of arms and motto: "Viam sapientiae monstrabo tibi". In 1955, the Frank J. Lewis Foundation donated the 18-story Kimball Building, rechristened the Lewis Center, at 25 East Jackson Boulevard, to the university; the building, still used today, was the hub of the Loop campus until 1993, when the DePaul Center opened at 1 East Jackson Boulevard (at State Str
Meadowlands Arena is an indoor venue located in the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey, United States. The arena is located on New Jersey Route 120 and is across the highway from MetLife Stadium and the Meadowlands Racetrack. A covered footbridge connects one of MetLife Stadium's parking lots with the Meadowlands Arena's lot; the arena was built to accommodate a move of the New York Nets basketball team to New Jersey and opened in 1981. In 1982, the Colorado Rockies hockey team joined the Nets in the new building and became known as the New Jersey Devils; the Nets and Devils were joined by the Seton Hall Pirates men's collegiate basketball program in 1985. In 2007, the Prudential Center opened in nearby Newark and the New Jersey Devils, for whom the Prudential Center was built, moved out. Seton Hall, whose campus in South Orange is closer to Newark than East Rutherford and moved their basketball games there; the Nets remained for three more seasons before moving to Newark, where they played two seasons before departing New Jersey for the Barclays Center in Brooklyn.
The men's basketball team from Fordham University played most of their 2010–11 home schedule at the arena. Following the departure of all three of its major tenants, the arena continued to host occasional non-sporting events, such as touring shows and concerts, other local events; the state-owned facility reported losses for 2013, was projected to have $8.5 million in losses for 2015. On January 15, 2015, the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority voted to shut down Izod Center, have Prudential Center acquire hosting rights to events scheduled for the arena over the next two years in a $2 million deal; the arena is used as a rehearsal venue for large-scale touring concert productions as well as video productions. The former box offices are used as a station for the NJSEA EMS and the former Winner's Club restaurant is used as quarters for the New Jersey State Police. Construction on a new arena across Route 20 from Giants Stadium and the Meadowlands Racetrack began in 1977, with the arena's initial purpose being to serve as the primary home for the Nets who had moved from Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale, New York to New Jersey.
While the venue was being built, the Nets played their home games in Piscataway at the Rutgers Athletic Center. The arena was designed by Grad Partnership and Dilullo, Ostroki & Partners and was constructed at a cost of $85 million; the structural engineers for this project was Leslie E. Robertson Associates. Named after the sitting governor of New Jersey, Brendan Byrne, the arena opened July 2, 1981 with the first of six concerts by New Jersey rock musician Bruce Springsteen; this was followed by an ice show that month, The Rolling Stones followed with three shows in early November 1981. While the official name of the arena was "Brendan Byrne Arena", on television it was referred to as "The Meadowlands."The Nets moved into their new home on October 30, 1981, lost to their cross-river rivals, the New York Knicks in their inaugural home game by a score of 103–99. The Nets' first win at the arena was on November 8, 1981, against the Indiana Pacers, where the Nets defeated them 89–86. Byrne Arena hosted the NBA All-Star Game that season on January 31, 1982.
During that season, the Nets played their first two playoff games at the arena, only to be swept 2-0 by the Washington Bullets. The Nets' first playoff game win at the arena came on May 5, 1984, in game four of the Eastern Conference Semifinals; the Nets defeated the Milwaukee Bucks 106–99. It wasn't until May 2002, when the Nets won their first playoff series at the arena, they defeated the Indiana Pacers 120–109 and won the first round 3-2. Another reason for the building of the arena in the Meadowlands was to lure a National Hockey League team to New Jersey. Governor Byrne was a member of an ownership group, looking to do so, in 1978 businessman Arthur Imperatore purchased the Colorado Rockies of the NHL and announced that he would be moving the team out of McNichols Sports Arena in Denver and relocating them to New Jersey; the NHL rejected the move as the arena was yet to be completed and, unlike the situation when the Nets moved, there was no arena in New Jersey at that time that would fit NHL standards as a temporary home.
Imperatore sold the team to Houston Astros owner Dr. John McMullen in 1982; when the arena was completed McMullen, a native New Jerseyan like Imperatore, announced that he had big plans for the team, including the long-planned move, in the off-season the Rockies moved operations to New Jersey, where they became known as the Devils. The first NHL game played at Byrne Arena pitted the Devils against the Pittsburgh Penguins on October 5, 1982, the game ended in a 3–3 tie. Don Lever scored the first Devils' goal in the arena; the Devils' first win at the arena was on October 8, 1982, against their cross-river rivals, the New York Rangers, where the Devils defeated them 3–2. The next season, the NHL All-Star Game was hosted by the Devils at the arena, it was not until April 9, 1988, when the arena hosted its first Stanley Cup playoff game against the New York Islanders. The Devils defeated the Islanders 3–0, a game, the Devils' first playoff game victory at the arena. Five days the Devils won their first playoff series at the Meadowlands Arena by defeating the Islanders 6–5 in game six of the Patrick Division semifinals.
On January 4, 1996, the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority announced a naming rights deal with Continental Airlines under which the airline, with a hub at nearby Newark Liberty International
William Joseph Raftery is an American basketball analyst and former college basketball coach. Raftery attended Saint Cecilia High School in Kearny, New Jersey, where he starred in basketball and became the all-time leading scorer in state history with 2,192 points, a record surpassed after 35 years, he earned all-state honors in basketball and led his team to the state championship in his senior season. He was named all-state in baseball and soccer, he has been named, retroactively, Mr. Basketball USA for 1959. Raftery played at La Salle University under coach Donald "Dudey" Moore. During his freshman year he scored a freshman record 370 points, followed by a team leading 17.8 points per game in his sophomore year. As a senior, he co-captained the Explorers to the National Invitation Tournament. Following his senior year at La Salle, Raftery was selected in the 14th round of the 1963 NBA draft by the New York Knicks but never played in the NBA. Raftery began his coaching career at Fairleigh Dickinson University at Madison where he was the head basketball coach from 1963 to 1968.
Raftery coached golf and served as associate athletic director. From 1970 to 1981, he was the head coach of Seton Hall University, where he posted a 154–141 record and led the Pirates to four ECAC post-season tournaments and two National Invitational Tournament appearances. In 1979, he was named Coach of the Year by the New Jersey Sports Writers Association, his 154 wins as a coach places him fourth on the all-time list at Seton Hall behind Honey Russell, P. J. Carlesimo, Frank Hill. Raftery has consecutively served as an analyst and play-by-play announcer for CBS Sports' college basketball coverage for over 33 years. Raftery was an analyst with ESPN partnered with Sean McDonough and Jay Bilas and Mike Gorman for Big East games, he has served as an analyst for CBS Radio/Westwood One's coverage of the NCAA Men's Final Four along with Kevin Kugler and John Thompson. Raftery has served as an analyst for the New Jersey Nets and was an on-course commentator for PGA Tour Champions Tour events. On June 27, 2013, Raftery signed with FOX to call Big East basketball games on the upstart network Fox Sports 1 with Gus Johnson.
During CBS' coverage of March Madness, Raftery had been partnered with Verne Lundquist. His trademark quotes are "Onions!", "Send It In Big Fella!", "A Little Nickel-Dimer!" and, "A Little Lingerie On The Deck!". He is remembered for "Send It In, Jerome!", his call after Jerome Lane of the University of Pittsburgh shattered the backboard with a powerful dunk during a 1988 game. Another phrase he is known for is'Man-to-man', he announces it in a fast and excited voice at the start of all games when the defending team is in that defense. Starting with the 2014–15 collegiate basketball season, CBS/Turner Sports partnered Raftery with Jim Nantz and Grant Hill to make up the primary announcing team for the remainder of the regular season, all the way through the NCAA men's basketball tournament and the Final four. On June 8, 2015, Raftery was inducted into the National Sportscasters and Sportswriters Association's Hall of Fame, he won the Sports Emmy Award for Outstanding Sports Event Analyst in 2015 and 2016.
Aside from his commentating duties, Raftery was the president of W. J. Raftery Associates, an event/marketing firm. Born William Joseph Raftery in Orange, New Jersey, Bill Raftery grew up in an Irish Catholic family with Irish immigrant parents, his sister is a nun. Raftery earned a B. A. in history from La Salle University in 1963 and an M. A. E. in education from Seton Hall University in 1966. In 2001, he received an honorary doctorate from La Salle, he lives in Florham Park, New Jersey with his wife and has four children and four grandchildren. His son, Billy and narrated a documentary entitled, With a Kiss, about his father's life in basketball; the documentary premiered hours before the longtime broadcaster called his second Final Four as a television analyst for CBS Sports
WWOR-TV, virtual channel 9, is the flagship station of the MyNetworkTV programming service, licensed to Secaucus, New Jersey, serving the New York City television market. The station is owned by the Fox Television Stations division of Fox Corporation, as part of a duopoly with WNYW. WWOR-TV's studios and main offices are located in Secaucus, although master control and some internal operations are located at WNYW's studios in the Yorkville neighborhood of Manhattan. WWOR-TV's transmitter is located at One World Trade Center. WWOR is available to Dish Network subscribers as part of the satellite provider's superstations package, except in markets where the local MyNetworkTV affiliate invokes syndication exclusivity to block access to WWOR's programming within the market. Channel 9 signed on the air on October 11, 1949 as WOR-TV, it was owned by the Bamberger Broadcasting Service, which operated WOR and WOR-FM. Ten months earlier, Bamberger launched Washington, D. C.'s fourth television station, WOIC on channel 9.
WOR-TV entered the New York market as the last of the city's VHF stations to sign on, one of three independents—the others being WPIX and Newark, New Jersey-based WATV. On WOR-TV's opening night, a welcome address was read by WOR radio's morning host, John B. Gambling. However, the audio portion of the speech was not heard because of a technical glitch; the problem was fixed and Gambling repeated the message that evening, prior to the station's sign-off. That first broadcast and other early WOR-TV shows emanated from the New Amsterdam Theatre's Roof Garden, located west of Times Square. For a short time, the station's transmitter operated from WOR TV Tower in North Bergen, New Jersey and was moved to the Empire State Building. At the start of 1950, Bamberger Broadcasting changed its name to General Teleradio; that year, WOIC was sold to a joint venture of The Washington Post and CBS, who would change that station's call sign to WTOP-TV. In 1951, the station moved uptown to the newly constructed "9 Television Square" facility at 101 W. 67 St.
The West 67th St studio was built from the ground up as a television facility. Built by the Robert Gless Co. for The Bamberger Broadcasting Service, the building itself was owned by the Macy's employee pension fund, it had been leased prior to completion to Thomas S. Lee Enterprises Lee, the son of the broadcasting pioneer Don Lee, owned several Mutual Network stations on the West Coast, held a 25-year lease on the building running January 1952 to January 1977). Soon after the building was completed in 1952, Macy's/Bamberger's merged the WOR stations with the General Tire and Rubber Company, which had broadcasting interests in three cities through two other subsidiaries: the regional Yankee Radio Network and WNAC AM–FM–TV in Boston; the subsidiaries were brought together under the General Teleradio name. The main impetus for the merger was to give General Tire a controlling share in the Mutual Radio Network, affiliated with and owned by WOR and other stations; the merger raised speculation that Mutual would launch a television network, plans that were discussed since before WOR-TV went on the air but did not come to fruition.
After a transitional period, WOR relocated TV operations to their headquarters at 1440 Broadway closer to its radio station sisters and to a new compact studio for news and special events programming located on the 83rd floor of the Empire State Building. In early 1954, RKO sublet the 67th St. facility to NBC for three years with options for extensions. In 1955, General Tire purchased RKO Radio Pictures, giving the company's TV stations access to RKO's film library, in 1959, General Tire's broadcasting and film divisions were renamed as RKO General. During the 1950s and early 1960s, all three of New York's independents struggled to find competitive and acceptable programming; the field would increase by one in 1956 when former DuMont flagship station WABD became an independent. During this era, WOR-TV's programming was comparable to its rivals, with a blend of movies, children's programs, cancelled TV series which had run on one of the networks and public affairs shows. In 1962, the field of independent stations was narrowed to three, as WOR-TV and its competition benefited from the sale of WNTA-TV to the non-profit Educational Broadcasting Corporation, who would convert the station to a non-commercial educational station.
For much of the 1960s, WOR-TV was a standard independent station with a schedule composed of some local public affairs shows, off-network programs, children's shows such as The Friendly Giant and Romper Room, sporting events, a large catalog of movies, some of which came from the RKO Radio Pictures film library. Until 1990, the station had a tradition of showing King Kong, Son of Kong and Mighty Joe Young on Thanksgiving and Godzilla films the day after Thanksgiving. In 1962, nostalgia maven Joe Franklin moved his daily talk program to WOR-TV, after a 12-year run on WABC-TV; the Joe Franklin Show ended on August 6, 1993, making it one of the longest-running programs in television history, local or national. The long-running public affairs show Firing Line beg
Boston College is a private Jesuit research university in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. The university has nearly 5,000 graduate students; the university's name reflects its early history as a liberal arts college and preparatory school in Dorchester. It is the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, its main campus is a historic district and features some of the earliest examples of collegiate gothic architecture in North America. Boston College offers bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, doctoral degrees through its nine schools and colleges: Morrissey College of Arts & Sciences, Boston College Graduate School of Arts & Sciences, Carroll School of Management, Lynch School of Education and Human Development, Connell School of Nursing, Boston College Graduate School of Social Work, Boston College Law School, Boston College School of Theology and Ministry, Woods College of Advancing Studies. In 2018, Boston College was ranked America's 50th top college by Forbes. According to U. S. News & World Report, the school tied as the 38th best national school.
Boston College athletic teams are known as the Eagles, their colors are maroon and gold, mascot is Baldwin the Eagle. The Eagles compete in NCAA Division I as members of the Atlantic Coast Conference in all sports offered by the ACC; the men's and women's ice hockey teams compete in Hockey East. Boston College's men's ice hockey team. In 1825, Benedict Joseph Fenwick, S. J. A Jesuit from Maryland, became the second Bishop of Boston, he was the first to articulate a vision for a "College in the City of Boston" that would raise a new generation of leaders to serve both the civic and spiritual needs of his fledgling diocese. In 1827, Bishop Fenwick opened a school in the basement of his cathedral and took to the personal instruction of the city's youth, his efforts to attract other Jesuits to the faculty were hampered both by Boston's distance from the center of Jesuit activity in Maryland and by suspicion on the part of the city's Protestant elite. Relations with Boston's civic leaders worsened such that, when a Jesuit faculty was secured in 1843, Fenwick decided to leave the Boston school and instead opened the College of the Holy Cross 45 miles west of the city in Worcester, Massachusetts where he felt the Jesuits could operate with greater autonomy.
Meanwhile, the vision for a college in Boston was sustained by John McElroy, S. J. who saw an greater need for such an institution in light of Boston's growing Irish Catholic immigrant population. With the approval of his Jesuit superiors, McElroy went about raising funds and in 1857 purchased land for "The Boston College" on Harrison Avenue in the Hudson neighborhood of South End, Massachusetts. With little fanfare, the college's two buildings—a schoolhouse and a church—welcomed their first class of scholastics in 1859. Two years with as little fanfare, BC closed again, its short-lived second incarnation was plagued by the outbreak of Civil War and disagreement within the Society over the college's governance and finances. BC's inability to obtain a charter from the anti-Catholic Massachusetts legislature only compounded its troubles. On March 31, 1863, more than three decades after its initial inception, Boston College's charter was formally approved by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. BC became the second Jesuit institution of higher learning in Massachusetts and the first located in the Boston area.
Johannes Bapst, S. J. A Swiss Jesuit from French-speaking Fribourg, was selected as BC's first president and reopened the original college buildings on Harrison Avenue. For most of the 19th century, BC offered a singular 7-year program corresponding to both high school and college, its entering class in the fall of 1864 included 22 students. The curriculum was based on the Jesuit Ratio Studiorum, emphasizing Latin, Greek and theology. Boston College's enrollment reached nearly 500 by the turn of the 20th century. Expansion of the South End buildings onto James Street enabled increased separation between the high school and college divisions, though Boston College High School remained a constituent part of Boston College until 1927 when it was separately incorporated. In 1907, newly installed President Thomas I. Gasson, S. J. determined that BC's cramped, urban quarters in Boston's South End were inadequate and unsuited for significant expansion. Inspired by John Winthrop's early vision of Boston as a "city upon a hill", he re-imagined Boston College as world-renowned university and a beacon of Jesuit scholarship.
Less than a year after taking office, he purchased Amos Adams Lawrence's farm on Chestnut Hill, six miles west of the city. He organized an international competition for the design of a campus master plan and set about raising funds for the construction of the "new" university. Construction began in 1909. By 1913, construction costs had surpassed available funds, as a result Gasson Hall, "New BC's" main building, stood alone on Chestnut Hill for its first three years. Buildings of the former Lawrence farm, including a barn and gatehouse, were temporarily adapted for college use while a massive fundraising effort was underway. While Maginnis's ambitious plans were never realized, BC's first "capital campaign"—which included a large replica of Gasson Hall's clock tower set up on Boston Common to measure the fundraising progress—ensured that President Gasson's vision survived. By the 1920s BC began to fill out the dimensions of its university charter, establishing the Boston College Graduate School of Arts & Sciences, the Boston College Law School, the Woods College of Advancin
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill known as UNC-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, or Carolina is a public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. It is the flagship of the 17 campuses of the University of North Carolina system. After being chartered in 1789, the university first began enrolling students in 1795, which allows it to be one of three schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States. Among the claimants, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the only one to have held classes and graduated students as a public university in the eighteenth century; the first public institution of higher education in North Carolina, the school opened its doors to students on February 12, 1795. The university offers degrees in over 70 courses of study through fourteen colleges and the College of Arts and Sciences. All undergraduates receive a liberal arts education and have the option to pursue a major within the professional schools of the university or within the College of Arts and Sciences from the time they obtain junior status.
Under the leadership of President Kemp Plummer Battle, in 1877 North Carolina became coeducational and began the process of desegregation in 1951 when African-American graduate students were admitted under Chancellor Robert Burton House. In 1952, North Carolina opened its own hospital, UNC Health Care, for research and treatment, has since specialized in cancer care; the school's students and sports teams are known as "Tar Heels". UNC's faculty and alumni include 9 Nobel Prize laureates, 23 Pulitzer Prize winners, 49 Rhodes Scholars. Additional notable alumni include a U. S. President, a U. S. Vice President, 38 Governors of U. S. States, 98 members of the United States Congress, 9 Cabinet members, 39 Henry Luce Scholars, 9 World Cup winners and 3 astronauts as well as founders and CEOs of Fortune 500 companies; the campus covers 729 acres of Chapel Hill's downtown area, encompassing the Morehead Planetarium and the many stores and shops located on Franklin Street. Students can participate in over 550 recognized student organizations.
The student-run newspaper The Daily Tar Heel has won national awards for collegiate media, while the student radio station WXYC provided the world's first internet radio broadcast. In 2018, UNC was ranked amongst the top 30 universities in the United States according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities, Washington Monthly, U. S. News & World Report. Internationally, UNC is ranked 33rd and 34th in the world by Academic Ranking of World Universities and U. S. News and World Report, respectively. UNC is regarded as a Public Ivy, an institution which provides an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price. North Carolina is one of the charter members of the Atlantic Coast Conference, founded on June 14, 1953. Competing athletically as the Tar Heels, North Carolina has achieved great success in sports, most notably in men's basketball, women's soccer, women's field hockey. Chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly on December 11, 1789, the university's cornerstone was laid on October 12, 1793, near the ruins of a chapel, chosen because of its central location within the state.
The first public university chartered under the US Constitution, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is one of three universities that claims to be the oldest public university in the United States and the only such institution to confer degrees in the eighteenth century as a public institution. During the Civil War, North Carolina Governor David Lowry Swain persuaded Confederate President Jefferson Davis to exempt some students from the draft, so the university was one of the few in the Confederacy that managed to stay open. However, Chapel Hill suffered the loss of more of its population during the war than any village in the South, when student numbers did not recover, the university was forced to close during Reconstruction from December 1, 1870 until September 6, 1875. Despite initial skepticism from university President Frank Porter Graham, on March 27, 1931, legislation was passed to group the University of North Carolina with the State College of Agriculture and Engineering and Woman's College of the University of North Carolina to form the Consolidated University of North Carolina.
In 1963, the consolidated university was made coeducational, although most women still attended Woman's College for their first two years, transferring to Chapel Hill as juniors, since freshmen were required to live on campus and there was only one women's residence hall. As a result, Woman's College was renamed the "University of North Carolina at Greensboro", the University of North Carolina became the "University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill." In 1955, UNC Chapel Hill desegregated its undergraduate divisions. During World War II, UNC Chapel Hill was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. During the 1960s, the campus was the location of significant political protest. Prior to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, protests about local racial segregation which began in Franklin Street restaurants led to mass demonstrations and disturbance; the climate of civil unrest prompted the 1963 Speaker Ban Law prohibiting speeches by communists on state campuses in North Carolina.
The law was criticized by university Chancellor William Brantley Aycock and university President William Friday, but was not reviewed by the North Carolina General Assembly until 1965. Small amendments to allow "infrequent" visits failed to placate the student body when the university's board of trustees overruled new Chancellor Paul Frederick Sh