The Liga MX is the top level of the Mexican football league system. Currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA Bancomer, it is known as Liga BBVA Bancomer. Each season, the league holds two tournaments, the Apertura, which starts in the summer, and the Clausura, which starts in the winter. As of 2017, the league comprises 18 clubs, with one being relegated every year based upon its league performances over the three years. The first 8 teams in the table at the end of the phase of the tournament qualify to the liguilla. Up until July 2011, the league was divided into 3 groups, the group formatting was removed in favor of a single-table format. The league is considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of Latin America. Of the 56 teams to have competed in the league, América have won the title a record 12 times, followed by Guadalajara, Toluca, Cruz Azul, León and Pumas UNAM, the current league champions are Tigres UANL, who won the Apertura 2016 tournament. Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national league in Mexico. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a league consisting of teams near. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Amateur de Veracruz, the Liga Occidental De Jalisco, many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was established in 1943. When the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación announced the formation of the nations first professional league, the F. M. F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor. The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, Primera Fuerza, América, Asturias, Atlante, Necaxa, and Marte. Liga Occidental De Jalisco, Atlas and Guadalajara, Liga Amateur de Veracruz, ADO, Veracruz and Moctezuma. The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale, the season following the FIFA World Cup, the F. M. F. Changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion and this was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings
1990 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
The 1990 CONCACAF Champions Cup was the 26th edition of the annual international club football competition held in the CONCACAF region, the CONCACAF Champions Cup. It determined that years champion of association football in the CONCACAF region and was played from 28 April 1989 till 12 March 1990. Club América from Mexico won the final, and became for the third time CONCACAF champion in their history, st. Petersburg Kickers advance to the second round. Club América advance to the CONCACAF Semifinal Series, both matches awarded 2-0 to Olimpia by forfeit Juventus All clubs in BOLD advance to the second round. Olimpia advance to the third round
Cruz Azul b, A. C, or simply Cruz Azul, is a Mexican football club that plays in the top division of Mexican football, Liga MX. The team was based in the town of Jasso, south of Tula de Allende in the state of Hidalgo. The team moved to Mexico City in 1971 to play at the Estadio Azteca and its current home venue is the Estadio Azul, located in the southwestern part of Mexico City in the Colonia Ciudad de los Deportes, adjacent the Nápoles neighborhood. Its headquarters are in La Noria, a suburb within Xochimilco in the part of Mexico City. Cruz Azul has been the Primera División champions 8 times, trailing Tolucas 10, guadalajaras 11 and Club Américas 12. According to several polls published, Cruz Azul is the third most popular team in Mexico, Cruz Azul was founded under the name of Club Deportivo Cruz Azul as an amateur team on 22 March 1927. The founders were the workers of cement maker Cemento Cruz Azul, Cemento Cruz Azul was the only official sponsor until 1997, and remains a primary sponsor through present day. The team entered competition in the Segunda División de México for the 1960–61 season. Hungarian coach Jorge Marik guided the team to the Segunda División championship for the 1963–64 season and that season ended with an eighth-place finish. Four years later, Cruz Azul won its first Primera División league tournament, betweern 1970–1980, Cruz Azul led the Primera División with six league tournament championships, four under Cárdenas and the last two under Ignacio Trelles. This powerful version of the team earned the nickname La Máquina Celeste, the team earned its eighth and most recent championship in 1997 under coach Luis Fernando Tena, beating León 2–1 on a last minute penalty kick scored by Carlos Hermosillo. This is still the quickest that a Primera División club has won eight championships, in 2001, Cruz Azul was invited to a tournament between select Mexican and Venezuelan teams that would then compete in the Copa Libertadores, a tournament of the best South American teams. The two best teams of this tournament earned immediate placement on the roster. Cruz Azul was one of the teams and reached the 2001 Copa Libertadores final match. Cruz Azul started the tournament in Group 7 along with such as Sao Caetano, Defensor Sporting. Cruz Azul finished as leader of the group with 13 points, in the round of 16 Cruz Azul faced Cerro Porteño. The first leg was played in Asunción and Cruz Azul lost 2–1, the second leg was played in Mexico and Cruz Azul won the game 3–1. The aggregate score was 4–3 in favor of Cruz Azul and they moved on to the quarterfinals, in the quarterfinals Cruz Azul faced CA River Plate of Argentina
Deportivo Toluca F.C.
Deportivo Toluca Fútbol Club S. A. de C. V. is a professional Mexican football club. Tolucas stadium Nemesio Díez Riega is located in Toluca, State of Mexico in Mexico, Toluca plays in the Liga MX, has been champion ten times and is one of the most successful clubs of Mexico. On 12 February 1917, the brothers Román Alday and Gerardo Ferrat alongside Filiberto Navas, the Teams first official First Division game was against Atlante, in which Toluca won 2 goals by one The team won three consecutive championships in 1966 and 1967 under coach Ignacio Trelles. In 1975 Toluca won the one more time. This is the time the Mexican Championship has been decided by a round-robin, two-legged. In 1997 Enrique Ojitos Meza became the coach of the team, Toluca resurged, its tactical scheme was very offensive, which was very characteristic of its coach. It was not atypical to see scores like 5-3, the offensive idea suited perfectly the Paraguayan José Saturnino Cardozo, who became the best scorer of the league in four occasions. Toluca won the championship in 1998, the first one in twenty years, with Enrique Meza as coach, Toluca won the championship three times in a period of three years. In the Invierno 2001 tournament Ricardo La Volpe became the coach of Toluca and he, along with Cardozo and Vicente Sánchez had one of the most successful and exciting teams in years. However, La Volpe left Toluca with a few left in the season. In Apertura 2006, they tied in the first leg but suffered a loss in the Estadio Nemesio Díez against Guadalajara, in the Clausura 2007 tournament, Toluca had one of their worst seasons, finishing in last place. In the Copa Libertadores 2007, they made it to the round of 16, following the elimination from both tournaments, Gallego resigned from his position stating the need for a year off as his reason for resigning from Club Toluca. José Pekerman, former coach of the Argentine national team, was appointed as coach of Club Toluca on May 30,2007. In the Apertura 2007, Toluca had a better finish than the previous tournament. They were ultimately eliminated by league runner-up Pumas in the quarter-finals of the Apertura 2007 playoffs, Club Toluca failed to qualify for the 2008 Copa Libertadores. On the Apertura 2008, Toluca had a weak start under their new coach, Jose Manuel El Chepo De La Torre and their goalkeeper Hernan Cristante set a record by not allowing any goals for 773 minutes. Toluca would go on to win the Bicentenario 2010 tournament by beating Santos Laguna in a dramatic penalty shoot-out, earning them the cup win. Besides winning the domestic title ten times, Toluca has also been the Runner-Up of the Mexican domestic tournament six times, on the Apertura 2012, Toluca finished first place and therefore earned a place for the Copa Libertadores
Irapuato Fútbol Club is a professional football club, based in Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico. They are currently playing in the Liga Premier de Ascenso in the Segunda Division de Mexico, Irapuato has mostly played in the Promotion League of Mexico (formerly Primera División A or Ascenso MX. From 2000 to 2004, the team rose to prominence in the Liga MX reaching the playoffs. Historically, Irapuato has spent over 26 years in the Primera División, the team was relegated from the Primera División in 2004 but not because of their on-field performance, but because of financial irregularities. In 2013, the team took a turn for the worse being relegated to Liga Premier. The team finally returned to Ascenso MX in May 2014 when Ballenas Galeana, decided to move to Irapuato, and also change their name to Club Irapuato, once again giving Irapuato a football team. In its first years many clubs were formed in order to create a league in Guanajuato Deportivo Irapuato, Internacional, Club Marte, ISCO. The first tournament was won by Club Marte because the tournament was not finished due to problems between Irapuato and ISCO, the club managed to come out with a 1–0 victory, winning its first league title. This club wore a shirt with black shorts and socks. The club that plays today under the name Club Deportivo Irapuato was founded in 1948 where it had trouble staying in the league, the men in charge of the merge were Oscar Bonfiglio and Jesús Vaca Gaona both had participated in the 1928 Olympic games in Amsterdam. The club would again change its name this time to Club Deportivo Irapuato A. C which many people believe to be the date when the club was established. The club was one of the first clubs to inaugurate the Segunda División de México in the 1949–50 tournament where after 3 seasons the club managed to win its first promotion. The club made its Primera División debut in the league on 22 August 1954 against Zacatepec who they beat 4–5, in the second round the club played at home in the Estadio Revolución stadium against Puebla FC who they also defeated 4-0. The club also revived its rivalry which had stopped in the late 1930s against Club Leon, the clubs best tournament was the 1963–64 Mexican Primera División season where the club finished 4th with 32 points, Guadalajara finished with 33 points. In the 1971-72 season the club found itself playing in group 2 with clubs Monterrey, Guadalajara, Puebla, Atlante, Pachuca, Pumas, Toluca, at the end of the tournament the club finished last and had to play a relegation series against the other last place teams. The series was played against Torreón, Atlético Español, and Veracruz, the first match was played against Veracruz who defeated them 3–1 the first leg, the second leg ended in a 0-0 draw. The last game was played against Torreón in the Estadio Jalisco where Irapuato lost 1–0 and were relegated for the first time in 18 years to the second division. Back in the Segunda División the club became a top club reaching the final in its first year back against Petroleros de Ciudad Madero, the first game was played in Irapuato which they won 1–0
Club de Fútbol Monterrey is a Mexican football club from Monterrey, Nuevo León. Founded on 28 June 1945, it is the oldest active team in the division from the northern part of Mexico. Club de Fútbol Monterrey was founded on the 28th of June 1945, near the end of World War II by a group of businessmen headed by Ramón Cárdenas Coronado, Enrique Ayala Medina. Probert, Rogelio Cantú Gómez and Miguel Margáín Zozaya, the teams nickname was popularly accepted, after the teams uniform, which is traditionally white with navy blue vertical stripes. Although the original uniform was white with a blue upper shoulder, the stripes were inspired in 1965, when the Tampico Madero football team wore them. Since, the uniform consists of vertical blue and white striped jerseys with blue shorts. In its first professional game, played 19 August 1945 against San Sebastián de León, Monterrey won 1–0, due to these events, the club decided to stop playing in the league in 1946 in honor to the players who died. It was not until 1952 when the club resumed action thanks to Dr. Carlos Canseco, the club enrolled in the second division and just 4 years later the club earned a promotion to the top division. The club would again earn the promotion in the 1959–60 tournament which they have held to date. The club started off the 1960s in bad shape just avoiding relegation with 3 more points than Club Celaya, the club finished the 1960–61 tournament with a record of 7 wins 7 draws 12 losses for a total of 21 points. In the 1961–62 tournament the club was close to relegation finishing 2nd last for the second year in a row just ahead of Zacatepec. The club had a record of 7 wins 5 draws and 15 losses for a total of 19 points and that years record was 8 wins 12 draws and only 6 losses for a total of 28 points. In the 1963–64 tournament the club would finish 3rd in the league just 5 points behind club Guadalajara who would have a league best 37 points and that year record was 12 wins 8 draws 6 losses for a total of 32 points. In the 1964–65 tournament the club would again finish 3rd in the league this time just 3 points behind club Guadalajara who won its second consecutive league title with 40 points. This years record was 17 wins 3 draws and 10 losses for a total of 37 points, in the 1965–66 tournament the club finished tied for 4th in the league with Club Atlante with 33 points. This year is also remember for Club Nuevo León promotion to the first division having for the first time 2 clubs from Monterrey participating in the first division and this year record was 13 wins 7 draws and 10 losses for a total of 33 points. In the 1966–67 tournament the club back into mediocrity finishing tied for 8th in the league with Irapuato with 30 points each. This year record was 10 wins, draws and losses for a total of 30 points, in the 1967–68 tournament the club continue its descent finishing tied for 14 in the league with CD Oro