Cleveland Stadium, commonly known as Municipal Stadium or Lakefront Stadium, was a multi-purpose stadium located in Cleveland, Ohio. It was one of the early multi-purpose stadiums, built to accommodate baseball and football. Through most of its tenure as a facility, the stadium was the largest in Major League Baseball by seating capacity, seating over 78,000 initially. For football, the stadium seated approximately 80,000 people, former Browns owner Art Modell took over control of the stadium from the city in the 1970s and while his organization made improvements to the facility, it continued to decline. The Indians played their game at the stadium in October 1993. The Browns played their game at the stadium in December 1995. Cleveland Stadium was demolished in 1996 to make way for FirstEnergy Stadium, much of the debris from the demolition was placed in Lake Erie to create an artificial reef. The impetus for Cleveland Municipal Stadium came from city manager William R, another common misconception is that Cleveland Municipal Stadium was a Works Progress Administration project, in fact, the WPA was not created until 1935, four years after the stadium was built.
In November 1928, Cleveland voters passed by 112,448 to 76,975, a 59% passage rate, with 55% needed to pass, actual construction costs overran that amount by $500,000. Built during the administrations of city managers William R. Hopkins and Daniel E. Morgan, it was designed by the firms of Walker and Weeks. It featured an early use of structural aluminum, the stadium was dedicated on July 1,1931. On July 3,1931, it hosted a match for the National Boxing Association World Heavyweight Championship between Max Schmeling and Young Stribling, with 37,000 fans in attendance. Schmeling retained his title by a technical knockout -victory in the 15th round, the Donald Gray Gardens were installed on the stadiums north side in 1936 as part of the Great Lakes Exposition. They remained until the construction of Cleveland Browns Stadium, the Indians played all of their games at the stadium from the middle of the 1932 season through 1933. However, the players and fans complained about the huge outfield, moreover, as the Great Depression worsened, attendance plummeted.
The Indians returned to their previous home, League Park. In 1937, the Indians began playing Sunday and holiday games at Cleveland Stadium during the summer, adding selected important games there in 1938. League Park lacked field lighting, so the emergence of baseball in the 1930s led to the addition of night games to the schedule after lights were installed at the stadium in 1939
Herbert Jude Score was an American Major League Baseball pitcher and announcer. He pitched for the Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox from 1955 through 1962 and he was television and radio broadcaster for the Cleveland Indians from 1964–1997. Score was inducted into the Cleveland Indians Hall of Fame in 2006, Herb Score was born in Rosedale New York in 1933. At 3, he was run over by a truck and had rheumatic fever, as a teenager, he starting playing basketball and baseball at Holy Name of Mary School until he moved with his family to Lake Worth, Florida. In 1952, he threw six no-hitters for the Lake Worth Community High School baseball team, on June 7,1952, his 19th birthday, he signed a baseball contract with the Cleveland Indians. He was sent to Indianapolis of the American Association where he made 10 pitching starts, in 1953, he moved to Clevelands Class A affiliate, Reading of the Eastern League. There he met and became friends with future outfielder Rocky Colavito from the Bronx. For the 1954 season, both were promoted to Triple-A Indianapolis, Score was named The Sporting News Minor League Player of the Year and began to be referred to as left-handed Bob Feller.
In 1955, Score came up to the Major Leagues as a rookie with the Cleveland Indians at the age of 21 and he appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated magazine on May 30,1955. Score struck out 245 batters in 1955, a Major League rookie record that stood until 1984 and it was the first time in MLB history a regular starting pitcher averaged over one strikeout per inning. On May 7,1957, during the first inning of a game against the New York Yankees at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. McDougald lined the pitch to the mound and struck Score in the face, breaking Scores facial bones, the ball caromed to third baseman Al Smith, who threw McDougald out before rushing to the pitching mound to Scores aid. McDougald, seeing Score hit by the baseball and lying down and injured, ran immediately to the mound, instead of first base. McDougald reportedly vowed to retire if Score permanently lost his sight in one eye as a result of the accident, Score eventually recovered his 20/20 vision, though he missed the rest of the season.
He returned early in the 1958 season, though many believe Score feared being hit by another batted ball, and thus changed his pitching motion, Score himself rejected that theory. In 1959, hed shifted his pitching motion in a bid to avoid another, the reason my motion changed, Score told Pluto, was because I hurt my elbow, and I overcompensated for it and ended up with some bad habits. As a result of the changes Score made in his delivery, his velocity dropped. Score pitched the full 1959 season, going 9–11 with a 4.71 ERA and 147 strikeouts, in the book The Greatest Team Of All Time, Mickey Mantle picked Herb Score as the toughest American League left-handed pitcher he faced
Chicago White Sox
The Chicago White Sox is an American professional baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois. The White Sox compete in Major League Baseball as a club of the American League Central division. The White Sox play their games at Guaranteed Rate Field. They are one of two league clubs in Chicago, the other is the Chicago Cubs, who are a member of the National League Central division. The team is owned by Jerry Reinsdorf. One of the American Leagues eight charter franchises, the Chicago team was established as a major baseball club in 1900. The club was called the Chicago White Stockings, but this was soon shortened to Chicago White Sox. The team played games at South Side Park before, in 1910. The White Sox won the 1906 World Series with a team dubbed the Hitless Wonders, and the 1917 World Series led by Eddie Cicotte, Eddie Collins. The 1919 World Series was marred by the Black Sox Scandal, in response, Major League Baseballs new Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis banned the players from Major League Baseball for life.
In 1959, led by Early Wynn, Nellie Fox, Luis Aparicio and manager Al Lopez and they won the AL pennant in 2005, and went on to win the World Series. The White Sox originated as the Sioux City Cornhuskers of the Western League, in 1894, Charles Comiskey bought the Cornhuskers and moved them to St. Paul, where they became the St. Paul Saints. In 1901, the Western League broke the National Agreement and became the new major league American League, the very first season in the American League ended with a White Stockings championship. However, that would be the end of the season as the World Series did not begin until 1903, the franchise, now known as the Chicago White Sox, made its first World Series appearance in 1906, beating the crosstown Cubs in six games. The White Sox would win a pennant and second World Series in 1917, beating the New York Giants in six games with help from stars Eddie Cicotte. The Sox were heavily favored in the 1919 World Series, huge bets on the Reds fueled speculation that the series had been fixed.
This set the franchise back, as they did not win another pennant for 40 years. The White Sox did not finish in the half of the American League again until after club founder Charles Comiskey died and passed ownership of the club to his son
Kenneth Lofton is a former Major League Baseball outfielder. Lofton was a six-time All-Star, four-time Gold Glove Award winner, Lofton attended the University of Arizona on a basketball scholarship. The Wildcats made it to the Final Four in 1988 and he did not join the schools baseball team until his junior year. Lofton made 11 postseason appearances, including World Series appearances in 1995 and 2002 with the Indians and Giants, from 2001 to 2007, Lofton did not spend more than one consecutive season with a team. For his career, the Indians were the team he played with for longer than one season. Lofton played 9 1⁄2 seasons with the Indians, helping the organization win six division titles, in 2010, he was inducted into the Cleveland Indians Hall of Fame. During his professional career, Loftons single-season stolen base count led the MLB on three occasions and twice the American League. In 1994 he led the American League in hits, Lofton broke Rickey Hendersons record of 33 career post-season stolen bases during the 2007 post-season.
Of his base running, Frank White said, Lofton has out-thought a lot of players and later. Lofton was raised by his grandmother, Rosie Persons, in the slums of East Chicago. His mother, had Lofton while she was in high school and his mother moved to Alabama after she graduated and lost contact with Lofton. Of his father, Lofton said, We, as a family, Persons had glaucoma and because of her failing eyesight was unemployed. She refused to go on welfare but did collect Social Security as a result from her husbands death in 1960, when Lofton made the majors he built a new home in East Chicago for his grandmother and other family members. Lofton attended Washington High School in East Chicago and played on the baseball team as a pitcher and center fielder. He was a basketball player. Lofton accepted a scholarship to play at the University of Arizona. Wildcats head coach Lute Olson said of Lofton, Hes quick, at one point Lofton performed a 360-degree slam dunk for his unsuspecting teammates. For the Wildcats, Lofton was the point guard on a team that made it to the Final Four of the 1988 NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Tournament
1992 Milwaukee Brewers season
The 1992 Milwaukee Brewers season featured the team finishing in second place in the American League East with a record of 92 wins and 70 losses. October 15,1991, George Canale was traded by the Brewers to the Montreal Expos for Alex Diaz, december 6,1991, Jesse Orosco was sent to the Brewers by the Cleveland Indians as part of a conditional deal. December 11,1991, Dale Sveum was traded by the Brewers to the Philadelphia Phillies for Bruce Ruffin, december 16,1991, Mario Díaz was signed as a free agent by the Brewers. March 26,1992, Gary Sheffield and Geoff Kellogg were traded by the Brewers to the San Diego Padres for Ricky Bones, José Valentín, april 1,1992, Mario Díaz was released by the Brewers. July 7,1992, Jeff Kunkel was traded by the Brewers to the Chicago Cubs for Ced Landrum, Pos = Position, G = Games played, AB = At bats, H = Hits, Avg. = Batting average, HR = Home runs, RBI = Runs batted in Note, G = Games played, AB = At bats, H = Hits, Avg. baseball-almanac. com
WUAB, virtual channel 43, is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station serving Cleveland and Akron, United States that is licensed to Lorain. The station is owned by Raycom Media, as part of a duopoly with CBS affiliate WOIO, the two stations share studio facilities located on East 12th Street in downtown Cleveland, WUABs transmitter is located in suburban Parma. The station first signed on the air on September 15,1968, eddie Manheim of Marcus Advertising handled the first promotions for the station, billboard advertisements placed across Cleveland promoting channel 43s pending debut read September 15th. WUAB was the second commercial UHF station in the area, WKBF-TV had beaten it to the air by eight months and its main studio was in a combination bowling alley kiddies room and a trailer at the Parmatown shopping center in suburban Parma, with sales offices in downtown Cleveland. WUAB personalities in its early years included professional wrestling host/staff announcer Jack Reynolds, Linn Sheldon, Marty Sullivan, and John Lanigan, originally, WUABs schedule consisted of cartoons, syndicated off-network sitcoms and religious programs.
On September 7,1970, WUAB opened a new facility on Day Drive in Parma. WUAB and WKBF struggled to be profitable, despite the deep pockets of the stations owners, both stations signed on every day at around 10 a. m. and went off the air by 1 a. m. By September 2,1974, WUAB had clearly established itself as the independent in Cleveland. Kaiser opted to shut down WKBF and purchase a percentage of WUAB on March 28,1975, WUAB therefore acquired the programming rights to most of WKBFs stronger shows. WUAB expanded its broadcast hours around this time, signing on at 6 a. m. on September 6,1977, Field Communications bought the rest of Kaisers share in its television outlets. WUAB and KBSC in Los Angeles were not included in the sale, KBSC was sold to National Subscription TV while WUAB was sold to the Gaylord Broadcasting Company on September 6,1977. Under Gaylord, WUAB continued as a powerhouse, and cemented its status as one of the leading independent stations in the country. The station pulled off a coup on September 2,1979 by winning the broadcast rights to the Cleveland Indians of Major League Baseballs American League.
The station broadcast Indians games from the 1980 season through the 2001 season, WUAB remained Clevelands leading independent station into the 1980s. Channel 61 returned to the air as WCLQ on March 3,1981, on May 19,1985, WOIO signed on as an independent station. WOIO and WUAB went head to head, with WCLQ lagging behind, WCLQ bowed out of the competition in 1986 to become full-time Home Shopping Network affiliate WQHS. WUAB turned down an affiliation with Fox, making it one of the few long-established major-market independents to do so, WOIO signed on with Fox, becoming a charter affiliate when the network launched on October 9,1986, and eventually overtook WUAB in the ratings. On August 14,1990, Gaylord sold WUAB to Cannell Broadcasting, though the station performed adequately in the ratings under Cannell ownership, the company was unable to overtake WOIO
1992 Major League Baseball season
The 1992 Major League Baseball season saw a resurgence in pitching dominance. On average, one out of seven games pitched that season was a shutout. Two teams pitched at least 20 shutouts each, the Atlanta Braves led the Majors with 24, in the National League, no team hit more than 138 home runs and no team scored 700 runs. The San Francisco Giants were shut out 18 times, the most in the Majors, the effect was similar in the American League. In 1991, two AL teams had scored at least 800 runs and three had collected 1,500 hits, in 1992, no team scored 800 runs and only one reached 1,500 hits. The California Angels were shut out 15 times, the most in the AL, the Toronto Blue Jays won the World Series, beating the Braves and winning the first World Series title outside of the United States, setting a record for the fastest expansion team to win. MVP January 2 – The Boston Red Sox sign free agent pitcher Frank Viola, January 7 – Pitchers Tom Seaver and Rollie Fingers are elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America.
Seaver finishes with a record 98. 8% of the votes cast, pete Rose, ineligible because of his ban from baseball, receives 41 write–in votes. January 31 – The Pittsburgh Pirates sign outfielder Barry Bonds to a contract worth $4.7 million. March 2 – Chicago Cubs second baseman Ryne Sandberg becomes the player in major league history when he agrees to a four-year contract extension worth $28.4 million. March 17 – Pitcher Hal Newhouser and umpire Bill McGowan are elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee. March 30 – In one of the biggest cross-town trades in Chicago baseball history, april 6 – A crowd of 44,568 sees the Baltimore Orioles defeat the Cleveland Indians 2–0 in the first game at Oriole Park at Camden Yards. Rick Sutcliffe hurls the shutout for Baltimore, may 17 – The Minnesota Twins trade highly regarded pitching prospect Denny Neagle to the Pittsburgh Pirates for pitcher John Smiley. July 7 – Andy Van Slyke of the Pittsburgh Pirates becomes the first outfielder in nearly 18 years to record a double play.
Van Slyke races in from center field to catch a fly ball, continues in to double up Ken Caminiti, july 14 – The American League pounds out a record 19 hits in defeating the National League by a score of 13–6 in the All-Star Game. It is the ALs fifth straight win, seattle Mariners outfielder Ken Griffey, Jr. who hit a single, a double and a home run, is named the MVP,12 years after his father Ken Sr. won the same honor. August 28 – The Milwaukee Brewers lash 31 hits in a 22–2 drubbing of the Toronto Blue Jays, darryl Hamilton leads the way for the Brewers, going 4-for-7 with 5 RBI. September 7 – After receiving an 18–9 no-confidence vote from the owners, Vincent is soon replaced by Milwaukee Brewers president Bud Selig on what is meant to be an interim basis
A road game or away game is a sports game where the specified team is not the host and must travel to another venue. Most professional teams represent cities or towns and amateur sports teams often represent academic institutions, each team has a location where it practices during the season and where it hosts games. When a team is not the host, it must travel to games. Thus, when a team is not hosting a game, the team is described as the team, the visiting team, or the away team. The venue in which the game is played is described as the stadium or the road. The host team is said to be the home team, major sporting events, if not held at a neutral venue, are often over several legs at each teams home ground, so that neither team has an advantage over the other. Occasionally, the team may not have to travel very far at all to a road game. These matches often become local derbies, a few times a year, a road team may even be lucky enough to have the road game played at their own home stadium or arena.
This is prevalent in college athletics where many schools will play in regional leagues or groundshare. The related term true road game has seen increasing use in U. S. college sports in the 21st century, while regular-season tournaments and other special events have been part of college sports from their creation, the 21st century has seen a proliferation of such events. These are typically held at sites, with some of them taking place outside the contiguous U. S. or even outside the country entirely. In turn, this has led to the use of true road game to refer to contests played at one home venue. In some association football leagues, particularly in Europe, the teams fans sit in their own section. Depending on the stadium, they will either sit in a designated section or be separated from the home fans by a cordon of police officers. However, in the leagues in England, supporters may be free to mix. When games are played at a site, for instance the FA Cup final in England which is always played at Wembley Stadium.
This results in each team occupying one half of the stadium and this is different from other sports, particularly in North America, where very few fans travel to games played away from their home stadium. Home and away fans are not separated at these games
Fox Sports Ohio
The channel originally launched on February 9,1989, with an official launch on September 1 of that year as SportsChannel Ohio. It launched as an affiliate of SportsChannel, a slate of sports networks operated as a joint venture between Cablevision and NBC. SportsChannel Ohio initially held the broadcast games from the Cleveland Cavaliers, the channel aired select Cincinnati Reds games produced by SportsChannel Cincinnati, Notre Dame Fighting Irish basketball and football games, and Ohio State Buckeyes sporting events. As part of a rebranding of the SportsChannel networks that began that month. The channel reverted to the Fox Sports Ohio moniker in 2008, the network operates regional feeds for the Cleveland and Cincinnati markets, both branded as Fox Sports Ohio, which broadcast different events depending on the market. This arrangement can cause event conflicts in the Columbus market, which is located between Cleveland and Cincinnati, in the event of conflicting events between the two regional feeds, cable providers in Central Ohio will carry the other game on an alternate channel.
The channel carries a number of college basketball games involving the Xavier Musketeers. The channel formerly broadcast Cleveland Indians games from the launch as SportsChannel Ohio. Despite this move, Reds games continue to be blacked out in Northeast Ohio, on October 19,2016, Fox Sports and the Reds announced an extension of their broadcast agreement to the end of the 2032 season. The deal includes the Reds taking an equity stake in the Cincinnati sub-feed of Fox Sports Ohio
The Houston Astros are an American professional baseball team based in Houston, Texas. The Astros are members of the American League West division in Major League Baseball, the Astros have played their home games at Minute Maid Park since 2000. The Astros were established as the Houston Colt. 45s and entered the National League in 1962 with the expansion New York Mets. The current name—reflecting Houstons role as the center of the U. S. space program—was adopted three years later, when they moved into the Astrodome, the worlds first domed sports stadium. The Astros played in the NL from 1962 to 2012 and they played in the West division from 1969 to 1993, and the Central division from 1994 to 2012. The Astros have played in one World Series in 2005 against the Chicago White Sox, from 1888 until 1961, Houstons professional baseball club was the minor league Houston Buffaloes. Although expansion from the National League eventually brought an MLB team to Texas in 1962, Houston officials had been making efforts to do so for years prior.
There were four men responsible for bringing Major League Baseball to Houston, George Kirksey and Craig Cullinan. They formed the Houston Sports Association as their vehicle for attaining a big league franchise for the city of Houston and they called the new league the Continental League. Wanting to protect potential new markets, both existing leagues chose to expand from eight teams to ten, plans eventually fell through for the Houston franchise after the Houston Buffaloes owner, Marty Marion, could not come to an agreement with the HSA to sell the team. To make matters worse, the Continental League as a whole folded in August 1960, however, on October 17,1960, the National League granted an expansion franchise to the Houston Sports Association in which their team could begin play in the 1962 season. Eventually, the Houston Sports Association succeeded in purchasing the Houston Buffaloes, at this point majority-owned by William Hopkins, the Buffs played one last minor league season as the top farm team of the Chicago Cubs in 1961 before being succeeded by the citys NL club.
The new Houston team was named the Colt. 45s after a Name The Team contest was won by William Irving Neder, the Colt.45 was well known as the gun that won the west. The colors selected were blue and orange. The first team was formed mostly through a draft after the 1961 season. The Colt. 45s and their cousins, the New York Mets. Many of those associated with the Houston Buffaloes organization were allowed by the ownership to continue in the major league, Manager Harry Craft, who had joined Houston in 1961, remained in the same position for the team until the end of the 1964 season. General manager Spec Richardson continued with the organization as business manager, the radio broadcasting team remained with the new Houston major league franchise
Ohio /oʊˈhaɪ. oʊ/ is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Ohio is the 34th largest by area, the 7th most populous, the states capital and largest city is Columbus. The state takes its name from the Ohio River, the name originated from the Iroquois word ohi-yo’, meaning great river or large creek. Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, the state was admitted to the Union as the 17th state on March 1,1803, Ohio is historically known as the Buckeye State after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are known as Buckeyes. Ohio occupies 16 seats in the United States House of Representatives, Ohio is known for its status as both a swing state and a bellwether in national elections. Six Presidents of the United States have been elected who had Ohio as their home state, Ohios geographic location has proven to be an asset for economic growth and expansion. Because Ohio links the Northeast to the Midwest, much cargo, Ohio has the nations 10th largest highway network, and is within a one-day drive of 50% of North Americas population and 70% of North Americas manufacturing capacity.
To the north, Lake Erie gives Ohio 312 miles of coastline, Ohios southern border is defined by the Ohio River, and much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. Ohios neighbors are Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Ontario Canada, to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, Ohio is bounded by the Ohio River, but nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky and West Virginia. Ohio has only that portion of the river between the rivers 1792 low-water mark and the present high-water mark, the border with Michigan has changed, as a result of the Toledo War, to angle slightly northeast to the north shore of the mouth of the Maumee River. Much of Ohio features glaciated plains, with a flat area in the northwest being known as the Great Black Swamp. Most of Ohio is of low relief, but the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau features rugged hills, in 1965 the United States Congress passed the Appalachian Regional Development Act, at attempt to address the persistent poverty and growing economic despair of the Appalachian Region.
This act defines 29 Ohio counties as part of Appalachia, the worst weather disaster in Ohio history occurred along the Great Miami River in 1913. Known as the Great Dayton Flood, the entire Miami River watershed flooded, as a result, the Miami Conservancy District was created as the first major flood plain engineering project in Ohio and the United States. Grand Lake St. Marys in the west central part of the state was constructed as a supply of water for canals in the era of 1820–1850. For many years this body of water, over 20 square miles, was the largest artificial lake in the world and it should be noted that Ohios canal-building projects were not the economic fiasco that similar efforts were in other states. Some cities, such as Dayton, owe their emergence to location on canals. Summers are typically hot and humid throughout the state, while winters generally range from cool to cold, precipitation in Ohio is moderate year-round