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1994–1996 United States broadcast TV realignment

The 1994–96 United States broadcast television realignment consisted of a series of events involving affiliation switches between television stations, that resulted from a multimillion-dollar deal between the Fox Broadcasting Company and New World Communications, a media company that – through its then-recently formed broadcasting division – owned several VHF television stations affiliated with major broadcast television networks CBS. The major impetus for the changes was to allow Fox to improve its local affiliate coverage, in preparation for the commencement of its rights to the National Football Conference television package, which the National Football League awarded to the fledgling network in December 1993; as a result of various other deals that followed as a result of the affiliation switches created by the deal between Fox and New World, most notably the buyout of CBS by Westinghouse, the switches constituted some of the most sweeping changes in American television history. As a result of this realignment, Fox ascended to the status of a major television network, comparable in influence to the Big Three television networks.

Nearly 70 stations in 30 media markets throughout the United States changed affiliations starting in September 1994 and continuing through September 1996, which – along with the concurrent January 1995 launches of The WB Television Network and the United Paramount Network, both of which affiliated with certain stations that lost their previous network partners through the various affiliation agreements – marked some of the most expansive changes to have occurred in American television. For some time dating back to the preparations for its launch, Rupert Murdoch – chief executive officer of News Corporation, the then-corporate parent of the Fox Broadcasting Company – had wanted a major-league sports presence for his network. Murdoch thought that landing a live sports broadcasting package would help build Fox's nascent profile and elevate it to the level of ABC, CBS, NBC, the three existing major commercial broadcast networks in the United States at the time. In January 1987, as it was preparing to venture into prime time programming, Fox decided to place a bid to acquire the rights to Monday Night Football – the league's crown-jewel program – from ABC, for about $1.3 billion, the same amount that network had been paying at the time for the contract.

However, the NFL, in part because Fox had not established itself as a major network, chose to reject the bid and subsequently resumed discussions with ABC reaching a deal to keep the Monday Night Football package on that network. Six years after Fox's first attempt to acquire the rights had foundered, the NFL opened up negotiations for the television contracts to both of its conferences as well as for the Sunday and Monday prime time football packages. Fox decided to submit another bid to the NFL, this time, making a more aggressive move to secure a contract with the league, on the acknowledgment that it would need to bid a higher amount than the incumbent networks that were seeking to renew or expand upon their existing NFL television rights would elect to offer in order to acquire a piece of the package. On December 17, 1993, Fox stunned the sports and television worlds by reaching a four-year, $1.58 billion contract with the NFL effective with the 1994 season to televise regular season and playoff games involving teams in the National Football Conference – a package, owned by CBS since 1956, fourteen years prior to the merger of the NFL and the American Football League that resulted in the teams that composed the two leagues being divided between the NFC and the American Football Conference – as well as Super Bowl XXXI.

CBS run by the cost-cutting Laurence Tisch, had bid only $290 million to retain the rights to the NFC television package and was unwilling to approach the price of the Fox offer, which exceeded the bid made by CBS by $1.29 billion. At the time of Fox's bid, some of its owned-and-operated stations and most of its affiliates were UHF stations that transmitted at a lower radiated power than its VHF counterparts. Most of the stations that carried the network's programming had little to no prior history as a major network affiliate, some were once affiliated with at least one of the Big Three networks or the DuMont Television Network earlier in their histories; as Fox put together its new sports division to cover the NFL, it sought to affiliate with VHF stations that had more established histories, carried more value with advertisers. On May 23, 1994, Fox agreed to purchase a 20% stake in New World Communications, a media company controlled by New York City-based investor Ronald Perelman, who purchased the company in 1989 in the midst of its restructuring under a Ch

Jim Johnson (New Jersey politician)

For other people named Jim Johnson, see Jimmy Johnson. James Edward Johnson is an American politician and community activist, an Assistant Secretary of the Treasury and Under Secretary of the Treasury for Enforcement, where he received the Hamilton Award, the Department of Treasury’s highest award, he was a Democratic Party candidate in the 2017 New Jersey gubernatorial race. Johnson served as co-chair of the National Church Arson Task Force alongside former Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick, chaired the board at the Brennan Center for Justice, co-founded the non-profit group New Jersey Communities Forward and was appointed as the federal affordable housing monitor in Westchester County, New York, he serves as Corporation Counsel of the City of New York, one of the largest public legal offices in the country, with 1,000 lawyers and 680 support professionals. Johnson was born in Montclair, New Jersey to Byerte W. Johnson and Edward James Johnson III and Chase Hilmes. Johnson graduated from Montclair Kimberley Academy in 1979, from which he received a Distinguished Alumni Award.

After MKA, Johnson attended Harvard College, where he received a B. A. in Social Studies and graduated cum laude in 1983. He graduated cum laude from Harvard Law School, receiving his J. D. in 1986. After law school, Johnson served as an Assistant United States Attorney in the Southern District of New York prosecuting a wide variety of criminal cases and rising to the Deputy Chief of the Criminal Division. During the Clinton administration, Johnson held several senior positions in the United States Department of the Treasury, he began as the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Enforcement, during which President Bill Clinton asked him to co-chair the National Church Arson Task Force, formed in response to a wave of arsons reported at African American churches throughout the South. In 1998, Johnson became the Under Secretary of the Treasury for Enforcement, overseeing the operations of one third of federal law enforcement, including the United States Secret Service. In total, Johnson oversaw 29,000 employees and a $4.2 billion budget.

In the wake of the Columbine High School Massacre, Johnson was one of the first officials on the ground and fought to close the gun-show loophole that contributed to the massacre. Johnson worked with Attorney General Eric Holder on the gun-show loophole issue. After serving in the Clinton administration, Johnson returned to private practice as a partner at Debevoise & Plimpton, he subsequently chaired the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law, where he worked to protect the right to vote, reduce crime and incarceration and advocated for families facing foreclosure. In 2006, Johnson led the State of New Jersey’s Advisory Committee on Police Standards, formed to develop a set of proposals to ensure that the state trooper’s progress in eliminating racial profiling became permanent. Johnson’s work led to a revision the law that changed the relationship between state troopers and civilian leadership. In 2009, Johnson was selected by a federal judge to oversee the settlement of an affordable housing conflict between the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development and Westchester County, NY.

His task was to hold officials accountable for fulfilling the terms of the consent decree. Since 2014, Johnson has brought together members of New Jersey’s civil rights and law enforcement communities in a collaboration known as New Jersey Communities Forward – a project within the NJ Institute for Social Justice. NJCF contributed to the new policies on police worn body cameras, independent shooting reviews and implicit bias training. Johnson announced on October 31 that he was filing the paperwork necessary to become a candidate for Governor of New Jersey, he named his campaign leadership team, which included Doug Rubin, former strategist for Deval Patrick and Elizabeth Warren, Bill Hyers, former campaign manager to Bill de Blasio and John del Cecato, one of President Obama’s media strategists. Johnson has been critical of Republicans and Democrats in New Jersey, most on proposed legislation that would have given Gov. Christie the ability to sign a book deal. On January 10, Johnson announced that he was the first candidate to have reached the fundraising threshold necessary to qualify for public matching funds.

Johnson called on his opponents to agree to a $15 million spending cap for the primary election, as the previous record for New Jersey Democratic gubernatorial primary spending was $6.7 million. On June 6, 2017, Johnson lost the Democratic primary election to Phil Murphy. Johnson is married to the president of the Center for Reproductive Rights; the pair have four children, Abby and Amalya

Matt Wells (American football coach)

Matthew Scribner Wells is an American college football coach and former college football player. He is head coach at Texas Tech University. Wells served as the offensive coordinator and head coach at Utah State University, where he was named Mountain West conference coach of the year in 2013 and again in 2018, he was named head coach of Texas Tech on November 29, 2018. Wells was a redshirt freshman during Utah State's 1993 Las Vegas Bowl season, he played quarterback in 16 games during the 1994 and 1995 seasons at USU, passing for 2,013 yards and 11 touchdowns. He did not play in a game. Wells was a three-year letterman from 1994 to 1996. Wells spent five years at the U. S. Naval Academy as its quarterbacks coach, fullbacks coach and wide receivers coach, he served as the junior varsity head coach and offensive coordinator for three years. From 2002 to 2006 he was tight ends recruiting coordinator at Tulsa, he had two coaching stints at New Mexico, serving as the Lobos' wide receivers coach and recruiting coordinator from 2007 to 2008 and wide receivers and kickoff return unit coach in 2010.

In 2009, Wells served as the quarterbacks passing game coordinator at Louisville. Wells has had at least one coach on his staff who became head coach of another school. Josh Heupel became the head coach at the University of Central Florida after the departure of Scott Frost for the University of Nebraska. Heupel served under Wells in 2015 as the Assistant Head Coach/Offensive Coordinator/Quarterbacks Coach. Wells returned to his alma mater Utah State as the quarterbacks coach in December 2010. Following the 2011 season, USU offensive coordinator Dave Baldwin left the program to take a similar position at Colorado State. Wells was tapped as his replacement and helped to guide the team to the Western Athletic Conference championship in 2012; the Aggies finished the season with a record of 11–2, a 41–15 victory over Toledo in the Famous Idaho Potato Bowl, ranked 16th in the AP Poll. Head coach Gary Andersen resigned shortly after the bowl win to become the head coach at the University of Wisconsin.

On December 20, 2012, Wells was named the 27th head coach in the history of the Utah State football program. Wells' 2013 season began with a loss followed by consecutive victories. After a close loss to USC, USU posted a 2–2 record on the season; the Aggies won the next game, but dropped the next two to bring the team to a 3–4 record on the season. Their preseason Heisman hopeful quarterback, Chuckie Keeton, was injured in game six against BYU, was lost for the season. After a loss to Boise State, the squad won the final five regular season games; these victories gave them the Mountain West Mountain Division Title, a berth in the inaugural Mountain West Football Title Game. Due to the team's performance, Wells earned the 2013 MW Coach of the Year. After losing a close contest at Fresno State, USU earned an invitation to the Poinsettia Bowl against #23 Northern Illinois, they defeated the Huskies for the school's 3rd bowl win on December 26, 2013 with an impressive defensive performance that held Heisman Trophy finalist's Jordan Lynch and the Huskies to 315 total yards and 14 points.

USU finished the season ranked # 12 in # 7 in scoring defense. The season again began with a 38–7 loss against the Tennessee Volunteers, but the Aggies rebounded with home wins against Idaho State and Wake Forest. Quarterback Chuckie Keeton was lost during the Wake Forest game after reinjuring his knee, but was replaced by second-string QB Darell Garretson, the replacement starter the previous season. After dropping an overtime decision to Arkansas State, the Aggies came back to resoundingly defeat #18 BYU in Provo for the first time since 1978, by a score of 35–20. After opening conference play with a win against Air Force, Garretson was lost to a broken wrist in a loss to Colorado State, replaced by third-string quarterback Craig Harrison, injured in the next game. Under the leadership of former scout team quarterback Kent Myers, the team went on to win the next four games, before losing to Boise State to claim a tie for second place in the Mountain Division. Utah State went on to play in the New Mexico Bowl, defeating UTEP 21–6.

The Aggies again finished the season with impressive defensive statistics, ranked 12th in scoring defense and 30th in total defense, as well as achieving the second-best record in school history at 10–4. On November 29, 2018, Wells was hired by Texas Tech as head football coach, signing a six-year contract. In his inaugural game at the helm of the Red Raiders program on August 31, 2019, Wells led Texas Tech to a 45-10 victory over Montana State in the season opener at Jones AT&T Stadium. Texas Tech finished the season with a 4-8 record, including a win over No. 21 Oklahoma State and a 38-17 road win at West Virginia. Wells, a native of Sallisaw, has one brother and two sisters, his father Jim was a dentist, his brother Luke was hired as the Utah State co-offensive coordinator/tight end coach in 2013 and followed Matt to Texas Tech in 2019 as the tight ends/inside receivers coach. Wells received his bachelor's degree in business marketing from Utah State in 1996, graduating cum laude, he and his wife, have two daughters and Ella, one son, Wyatt.

Texas Tech profile

Julian Morris (economist)

Julian Morris is Vice President of Research at Reason Foundation. In 2001 he founded and was the Executive Director of the London-based think-tank International Policy Network, he was a Research Fellow and subsequently Director of the Environment and Technology Programme of the Institute of Economic Affairs. He is a visiting professor of Economics at the University of Buckingham, he became co-editor with Indur M. Goklany of the Electronic Journal of Sustainable Development]. Morris serves on the editorial advisory board of Energy & Environment. Morris received a MA, Economics from Edinburgh University in 1992, a MSc, Environment and Resource Economics, from University College London in 1993, a MPhil, Land Economics, from Cambridge University in 1995, a Graduate Diploma, from the University of Westminster in 1999. Okonski, K. and Morris, J.: Environment and Health: Myths and Realities, London: International Policy Press. Morris J.: Sustainable Development: Promoting Progress or Perpetuating Poverty, London: Profile Books.

Morris, J.: Rethinking Risk and the Precautionary Principle, Oxford: Butterworth- Heinemann Morris, J. and Bate, R.: Fearing Food: Risk and the Environment, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann Morris, J.: Climate Change: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom, London: Institute of Economic Affairs. Morris, J.:'When it comes to the sustainability of marine resources, institutions matter' Electronic Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 1, Issue 2) Morris, J.: ‘Climbing out of the Hole: Sunsets, Subjective Value, the Environment and English Common Law,’ Fordham Environmental Law Journal, Vol XIV, No. 2, pp. 343- Morris, J.: ‘Insuring Against Negligence: Medical Indemnity in Australia’, Vol. 18, No.3, Spring, pp. 10–15. Morris, J.: ‘Real Sustainability,’ IPA Review, Vol. 54, No. 3, September, pp. 14–16. Morris, J.: ‘The Relationship between Risk Assessment and the Precautionary Principle,’ Toxicology, Vols. 181-182, pp. 127–130. Morris, J. ‘The Precautionary Principle and Biotechnology,’ Int. J. Biotechnology, Vol 4, No.

1, pp. 46–61. Morris, J.: ‘Living in Virtual Reality,’ Economic Affairs 20, March, pp. 2–4. Morris, J. (1998: ‘Water and the Environment’, Economic Affairs, 18, pp. 2-. Morris, J.:'Trade and the Environment', Economic Affairs, 16, pp. 4–6. Morris, J, Reekie, W. D, Moffatt, R.: Ideal Matter: Globalisation and the Intellectual Property Debate, New Delhi: Liberty Institute. 89 pp. Morris, J.: E Future Not € Past, London: Business for Sterling. Morris, J.: ISO 14000: Regulation by Any Other Name? Washington DC: Competitive Enterprise Institute. Morris, J. and Scarlett, L.: Buying Green, Los Angeles: The Reason Foundation. 51 pp. Morris, J.: Green Goods? Consumers, Product Labels and the Environment, London: IEA. 109 pp. Morris, J.: The Political Economy of Land Degradation, London: Institute of Economic Affairs. 107 pp. Bate, R and Morris, J.: Global Warming: Apocalypse of Hot Air, London: Institute of Economic Affairs. 54 pp. Morris, J.: "Coping with Change: Institutions for Human Habitation of Planet Earth", in Nature’s Revenge?

Hurricanes and Climate Change, London: Hodder and Staughton. Morris, J.:'Law, Property Rights and the Environment,' included in a volume edited by Hannes Gissurarson, published by University of Iceland Press. Morris J.:'La propriete et les plantificateurs, ou comment l’Etat a detruit la campagne anglaise', in Falque et Massenet Droits de propriete et environment, Paris: Dalloz. *Julian Morris, Reason Foundation


The Savannahlander is an Australian passenger train service that operates in Far North Queensland that travels on the Tablelands line from the coastal city of Cairns to Forsayth. The service was introduced on 3 April 1995 by Queensland Rail but is now run under contract by a private operator, Cairns Kuranda Steam Pty Ltd. While a passenger service between Cairns and Forsayth, the train can be chartered for large groups. On 27 March 2019, a car collided with the Savannahlander at a level crossing in the city of Cairns; the driver of the vehicle failed to give way at the crossing and was subsequently injured in the crash. Running for 39 weeks in the year, The Savannahlander departs Cairns Central railway station at 06:30 Wednesday mornings and travels up the scenic Kuranda Range, it travels to the south-west on the Chillagoe-Mungana branch line. The train travels through the towns of Mareeba and Dimbulah before arriving in Almaden where it stays for the night. On Thursday morning The Savannahlander continues south-west on the Etheridge Railway.

The rail motors pass through Mount Einasleigh before terminating at Forsayth. On Friday the train departs Forsayth for Mount Surprise; the train departs for Cairns on Saturday morning. The Savannahlander rollingstock comprises three former two-car Queensland Railways 2000 class rail motors. Two are "PD" cars; these units have the classic 1960s era streamlined front ends and were built for Queensland Rail in 1963. They had 160 HP Rolls Royce diesel engines fitted; the third is a 2051 class rail motor, known as a "PLDT" car. These cars have access doors at each end at the expense of the streamlined front; this allows the cars to be placed in the middle of the other sets and sets of three or four cars can be formed. There were only four of this style of car built, they were fitted with an AEC engine, it was built in 1971 and re-powered along with the other Savannahlander units in 2005. All were repowered in 2005 with Allison gear box combination. List of named passenger trains of Australia Official Savannahlander Web Site

Aeaces (father of Polycrates)

Aeaces was the father of Polycrates, the powerful tyrant of Samos. He was a prominent aristocrat in his own right, may have been the ruler of the island for a period in the mid-sixth century, he is sometimes referred to as Aeaces I to distinguish him from his grandson Aeaces II, who ruled Samos in the late sixth and early fifth centuries BC. Herodotus does not provide any information about his life. A late source, the Souda, says that Polycrates' father was the ruler of Samos around 565 BC, his wealth and power is suggested by his ability to attract the poets Ibycus and Anacreon to his circle – the former wrote poetry for the young Polycrates, while the latter was his tutor. A large seated statue of a goddess from the mid-sixth century BC, erected on the Astypalaea bears an inscription identifying its dedicator as Aeaces. Stylistically, the statue appears to date to around 540 BC, while the inscription appears to be later; the inscription says: This Aeaces is identified with the father of Polycrates, despite the date of the inscription.

M. White suggests that inscription made by Aeaces II in order to emphasise his hereditary right to rule; the statue seems to have been erected using the proceeds from captured booty. This might indicate that the powerful Samian thalassocracy of Polycrates had its roots in the time of Aeaces, it is not clear whether the inscription reveals Aeaces as the sole ruler of Samos, or as just one powerful man among many. A bronze pot dedicated at the Heraion c. 575–550 BC has an inscription identifying its dedicator as Brychon, son of Timoleos. This might be Aeaces' father. Aeaces' period of greatest prominence overlaps with a phase of great prosperity on Samos; the period witnessed the monumentalisation of the Heraion sanctuary, including the construction of the Rhoikos temple – the first of the great Ionian temples and the largest Greek temple built up to that time. If Aeaces was ruler of Samos, his son Polycrates did not inherit the position directly. Herodotus tells us. White, Mary. "The Duration of the Samian Tyranny".

Journal of the Hellenic Society. 74: 36–43. Doi:10.2307/627553. JSTOR 627553. Labarbe, Jules. "Un Decalage de 40 ans dans la chronologie de Polycrate". L'Antiquité Classique. 31: 153–88. Doi:10.3406/antiq.1962.3658. Barron, John P.. "The Sixth-Century Tyranny at Samos". The Classical Quarterly. 14: 210–229. Doi:10.1017/S0009838800023764. JSTOR 637725. Schmidt, G.. "Eine Brychon-Weihung und ihre Fundlage". Mitteilungen des Deutschen archäologischen Instituts zu Athen. 87: 165–185. Shipley, Graham J.. A History of Samos, 800–188 BC. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 71–72. ISBN 9780198148685. Carty, Aideen. Polycrates, Tyrant of Samos: New Light on Archaic Greece. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. Pp. 49–66. ISBN 9783515108980