Spain national handball team
The Spain national handball team is governed by the Royal Spanish Handball Federation. Spain is one of the most successful handball teams in the world, having won two World Championships and being the reigning European Champions. Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place Squad for the 2019 World Men's Handball Championship. Head coach: Jordi Ribera Bold denotes players still playing international handball. Official website IHF profile
Porto is the second-largest city in Portugal after Lisbon and one of the major urban areas of the Iberian Peninsula. The city proper has a population of 287,591 and the metropolitan area of Porto, which extends beyond the administrative limits of the city, has a population of 2.3 million in an area of 2,395 km2, making it the second-largest urban area in Portugal. It is recognized as a gamma-level global city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group, the only Portuguese city besides Lisbon to be recognised as a global city. Located along the Douro River estuary in northern Portugal, Porto is one of the oldest European centres, its historical core was proclaimed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996; the western part of its urban area extends to the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean. Its settlement dates back many centuries, its combined Celtic-Latin name, Portus Cale, has been referred to as the origin of the name "Portugal", based on transliteration and oral evolution from Latin. In Portuguese, the name of the city includes a definite article: o Porto.
Its English name, evolved from a misinterpretation of the Portuguese pronunciation. Port wine, one of Portugal's most famous exports, is named after Porto, since the metropolitan area, in particular the cellars of Vila Nova de Gaia, were responsible for the packaging and export of fortified wine. In 2014 and 2017, Porto was elected The Best European Destination by the Best European Destinations Agency. Porto is on the Portuguese Way path of the Camino de Santiago; the history of Porto dates back to around 300 BC with Proto-Celtic and Celtic people being the first known inhabitants. Ruins of that period have been discovered in several areas. During the Roman occupation of the Iberian Peninsula, the city developed as an important commercial port in the trade between Olissipona and Bracara Augusta. Porto was important during the Suebian and Visigothic times, a centre for the expansion of Christianity during that period. Porto fell under the control of the Moors during the invasion of the Iberian Peninsula in 711.
In 868, Vímara Peres, an Asturian count from Gallaecia, a vassal of the King of Asturias, Léon and Galicia, Alfonso III, was sent to reconquer and secure the lands back into Christian hands. This included the area from the Minho to the Douro River: the settlement of Portus Cale and the area, known as Vila Nova de Gaia. Portus Cale referred to as Portucale, was the origin for the modern name of Portugal. In 868, Count Vímara Peres established the County of Portugal, or known as Condado Portucalense after reconquering the region north of Douro. In 1387, Porto was the site of the marriage of John I of Portugal and Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt; the Portuguese-English alliance is the world's oldest recorded military alliance. In the 14th and the 15th centuries, Porto's shipyards contributed to the development of Portuguese shipbuilding. From the port of Porto, in 1415, Prince Henry the Navigator embarked on the conquest of the Moorish port of Ceuta, in northern Morocco; this expedition by the king and his fleet, which counted among others, Prince Henry, was followed by navigation and exploration along the western coast of Africa, initiating the Portuguese Age of Discovery.
The nickname given to the people of Porto began in those days. Wine, produced in the Douro valley, was in the 13th century transported to Porto in barcos rabelos. In 1703, the Methuen Treaty established the trade relations between England. In 1717, a first English trading post was established in Porto; the production of port wine gradually passed into the hands of a few English firms. To counter this English dominance, Prime Minister Marquis of Pombal established a Portuguese firm receiving the monopoly of the wines from the Douro valley, he demarcated the region for production of port. The small winegrowers revolted against his strict policies on Shrove Tuesday, burning down the buildings of this firm; the revolt was called Revolta dos Borrachos. Between 1732 and 1763, Italian architect Nicolau Nasoni designed a baroque church with a tower that became its architectural and visual icon: the Torre dos Clérigos. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the city became an important industrial centre and had its size and population increase.
The invasion of the Napoleonic troops in Portugal under Marshal Soult brought war to the city of Porto. On 29 March 1809, as the population fled from the advancing French troops and tried to cross the river Douro over the Ponte das Barcas, the bridge collapsed under the weight; this event is still remembered by a plate at the Ponte D. Luis I; the French army was rooted out of Porto by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, when his Anglo-Portuguese Army crossed the Douro River from the Mosteiro da Serra do Pilar in a brilliant daylight coup de main, using wine barges to transport the troops, so outflanking the Fr
Hungary national handball team
The Hungary national handball team is administered by the Hungarian Handball Federation. Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place *Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalties. ** Gold background color indicates. Red border color indicates. Squad for the 2019 World Men's Handball Championship. Head coach: István Csoknyai 1936 Olympic Games Antal Benda, Ferenc Cziráki, Sándor Cséfai, Miklós Fodor, Lőrinc Galgóczi, János Koppány, Lajos Kutasi, Tibor Máté, Imre Páli, Ferenc Rákosi, Endre Salgó, István Serényi, Sándor Szomori, Gyula Takács, Antal Újváry, Ferenc Velkey.1958 World Championship Jenő Balázs, István Bányai, Ottó Bencsik, József Berendi, Rudolf Bolla, Mihály Faludi, Sándor Fekete, Ottó Hetényi, Jenő Horváth, Miklós Kele, Tibor Kőszegi, Gábor Lengyel, Béla Schvajda, Ferenc Som, Károly Töltő, István Vajna. Coach: Sándor Cséfai 1964 World Championship János Adorján, Gyula Baranyai, Ferenc Berkesi, Vilmos Drobnits, Dénes Dubán, András Fenyő, András Kesjár, József Klein, János Kovács, László Kovács, István Marosi, Béla Rácz, László Stiller, Sándor Tamásdi, Béla Tímár, Ferenc Vígh.
Coach: Árpád Csicsmányi 1967 World Championship János Adorján, András Fenyő, Ferenc Gyűrű, Sándor Kaló, József Klein, Ádám Koch, János Kovács, László Kovács, István Marosi, Attila Nagy, Lajos Simó, Béla Tímár, János Tornóczky, István Varga. Coach: Miklós Albrecht 1970 World Championship János Adorján, János Csík, András Fenyő, József Horváth, Sándor Kaló, László Kovács, István Marosi, Lajos Simó, János Stiller, István Szabó, László Szabó, Sándor Takács, István Varga, Sándor Vass. Coach: Miklós Albrecht 1972 Olympic Games János Adorján, Béla Bartalos, János Csík, László Harka, József Horváth, Sándor Kaló, István Marosi, Lajos Simó, János Stiller, István Szabó, László Szabó, Sándor Takács, István Varga, Károly Vass, Sándor Vass. Coach: Miklós Albrecht 1974 World Championship Béla Bartalos, Ferenc Buday, Ferenc Demjén, Ernő Gubányi, József Horváth, János Hunyadkürti, Pál Kocsis, Péter Kovács, Lajos Simó, János Stiller, István Szilágyi, Károly Vass, Sándor Vass, Titusz Zuber. Coach: Mihály Faludi 1976 Olympic Games Béla Bartalos, Ferenc Buday, Ernő Gubányi, László Jánovszki, József Kenyeres, Zsolt Kontra, Péter Kovács, Mihály Süvöltős, István Szilágyi, István Varga, Károly Vass, Gábor Verőci.
Coach: Mihály Faludi 1978 World Championship Béla Bartalos, Ferenc Buday, Ernő Gubányi, László Jánovszki, József Kenyeres, Pál Kocsis, Zsolt Kontra, Péter Kovács, Gyula Molnár, Mihály Süvöltős, László Szabó, István Szilágyi, Zoltán Várkonyi, Gábor Verőci. Coach: Mihály Faludi 1980 Olympic Games Béla Bartalos, János Fodor, Ernő Gubányi, László Jánovszki, Alpár Jegenyés, József Kenyeres, Zsolt Kontra, Miklós Kovacsics, Péter Kovács, Ambrus Lele, Árpád Pál, László Szabó, István Szilágyi, Sándor Vass. Coach: Mihály Faludi 1982 World Championship Béla Bartalos, János Gyurka, László Hoffmann, Gábor Horváth, Alpár Jegenyés, József Kenyeres, Pál Kocsis, Zsolt Kontra, Mihály Kovács, Péter Kovács, Ambrus Lele, László Szabó, István Szilágyi, Géza Tóth, Károly Vass. Coach: Mihály Faludi 1986 World Championship Imre Bíró, József Bordás, Viktor Debre, János Fodor, János Gyurka, László Hoffmann, Gábor Horváth, Mihály Iváncsik, József Kenyeres, Zsolt Kontra, Mihály Kovács, Péter Kovács, László Marosi, László Szabó, Tibor Oross.
Coach: Lajos Mocsai 1988 Olympic Games Imre Bíró, József Bordás, Ottó Csicsay, János Fodor, János Gyurka, László Hoffmann, Mihály Iváncsik, Mihály Kovács, Péter Kovács, László Marosi, Tibor Oross, Jakab Sibalin, László Szabó, Géza Tóth. Coach: Lajos Mocsai 1990 World Championship Imre Bíró, József Bordás, Attila Borsos, Ferenc Füzesi, Sándor Győrffy, János Gyurka, László Hoffmann, Mihály Iváncsik, Mihály Kovács, Géza Lehel, László Marosi, István Pribék, Jenő Putics, Jakab Sibalin. Coach: János Csík 1992 Olympic Games Imre Bíró, Attila Borsos, Ottó Csicsay, István Csoknyai, József Éles, Ferenc Füzesi, Sándor Győrffy, Attila Horváth, Mihály Iváncsik, László Marosi, Richárd Mezei, Jakab Sibalin, László Sótonyi, János Szathmári, Igor Zubjuk. Coach: Attila Joósz 1993 World Championship Csaba Bartók, Imre Bíró, Attila Borsos, István Csoknyai, József Éles, Róbert Fekete, Kálmán Fenyő, Sándor Győrffy, János Gyurka, Attila Horváth, Balázs Kertész, Richárd Mezei, Árpád Mohácsi, István Pásztor, László Sótonyi, János Szathmári.
Coach: László Kovács 1994 European Championship Csaba Bartók, Attila Borsos, István Csoknyai, József Éles, Róbert Fekete, István Gulyás, Balázs Kertész, István Kiss, Richárd Mezei, Zoltán Németh, István Pásztor, Zsolt Perger, László Sótonyi, János Szathmári, György Zsigmond. Coach: Sándor Kaló 1995 World Championship Attila Borsos, József Éles, Róbert Fekete, István Gulyás, István Kiss, Attila Kotormán, Péter Kovács, Árpád Mohácsi, Zsolt Perger, István Rosta, Miklós Rosta, László Sótonyi, János Szathmári, Lajos Török, Igor Zubjuk, György Zsigmond. Coach: Sándor Kaló 1996 European Championship Csaba Bartók, Csaba Bendó, Péter Borsodi, István Csoknyai, Róbert Fekete, Ákos Kis, Attila Kotormán, Rudolf Kubasi, Richárd Mezei, Zoltán Nagy, András Oszlánczi, István Pásztor, László Sótonyi, János Szathmári, István Szotyori, György Zsigmond. Coach: Árpád Kővári 1997 World Championship Csaba Bendó, Zoltán Bergendi, István Csoknyai, József Éles, István Gulyás, Balázs Kertész, Ákos Kis, Richárd Mezei, István Pásztor, Zsolt Perger, Miklós Rosta, László Sótonyi, János Szathmári, Tibor Tyetyák, Igor Zubjuk, György Zsigmond.
Coach: Sándor Vass 1998 European Championship Csaba Bartók, István Csoknyai, Róbert Fekete, István Gulyás, Balázs Kertész, Ákos Kis, Attila Kotormán, Richárd Mez
Pavilhão Rosa Mota
Pavilhão Rosa Mota is an arena in Porto, Portugal. Pavilhão Rosa Mota holds 5,400 people; the pavilion was known as Pavilhão dos Desportos but in 1991 it was renamed after Rosa Mota, a Portuguese, European and Olympic champion in marathon running. It is used for basketball
Denmark national handball team
The Denmark national handball team is controlled by the Danish Handball Association and represents Denmark in international matches. They are the team with the second most medals won in European Championship history on the men's side behind only Spain, with a total of six medals, those being two gold medals, one silver and three bronze medals; as of January 2019, they are World Champions. Handball is one of the most popular pastimes in Denmark, only exceeded by e.g. football. At the end of 2003 the Danish Handball Association had more than 146,000 passive members. In 2007 Denmark participated in the World Championship in Germany, where they were pitted in Group E against Angola and their neighbors to the north Norway. Denmark finished second in their group following victories against Norway. In the main round the team faced Croatia, Czech Republic, Russia and defending champions Spain. Despite an initial defeat against Croatia, the team advanced by defeating their last three opponents. In the quarterfinal Iceland was defeated by the narrowest of margins, 42–41.
In the semifinal Denmark lost to Poland 36–33 and ended up in the bronze match against France where they won 34–27 thus placing third. Denmark's pivot Michael V. Knudsen was added to the All Star Team of the tournament. After finishing 3rd in three consecutive European Championships, the Danish team won gold at the 2008 European Men's Handball Championship, which took place in neighboring Norway; the team lost only one match on the way to the gold, that being a fiercely contested derby against hosts Norway. The Danish team defeated Croatia 24–20 in the final, after inching out Germany in the semis. Keeper Kasper Hvidt and winger Lars Christiansen were important factors in the Danish campaign, both being selected for the tournament all-star team and Lars Christiansen finishing as shared top goalscorer; as defending champions, Denmark was a favorite to reclaim the title. However, they did not succeed, losing matches to both Croatia. Instead of advancing to the main-round Denmark ended up playing for 5th place against Spain.
They won the placement match 34–27. At The 2011 World Men's Handball Championship, after winning 9 matches in a row, Denmark reached the final beating Spain 28:24 in the semi-final; this was the first time in over 44 years, that the Denmark National Handball Team reached a World Championship final. In the final, Denmark lost against France 35:37 in overtime; this meant at the time, that France was able to hold all three major titles as reigning European Champions, Olympic Champions and double World Champions. Denmark came to the 2012 European Men's Handball Championship as vice World Champions and as one of the pre-favorites to win the tournament. However, in the main group, Denmark lost to both Serbia and Poland, proceeding to the main round with zero points, having only won against Slovakia; this meant that Denmark had to win all of their matches and at the same time, they had to rely on other results in order to advance to the semi-finals. Miraculously, results from other matches were in favor of Denmark.
The destiny of Denmark's survival lay in the hands of Poland as Poland had to win against Germany in order to sustain Denmark's survival in the tournament. After a fierce and close match between Poland and Germany, Poland won 33–32; this meant that Denmark only had to beat Sweden in their final main round match, they would go through to the semi-finals. Denmark beat Sweden by a large margin, 31–24, making handball history along the way, becoming the first team both on the men's and women's side in European Championship history to advance to the semi-finals having carried zero points into the main round. Like the 2011 World Men's Handball Championship, Denmark met Spain in the semi-finals, a match Denmark won 25–24. In the other semi-final, hosting nation Serbia met Croatia, a match Serbia won 26–22. In a low scoring match, Denmark won their second European Championship title after beating Serbia 21–19 in the final, thus becoming the first handball team claiming the European Championship title having carried zero points into the main round.
Despite having disappointed at the 2012 Olympics in London, Denmark was still among the top teams to win the World Champions title. As defending European Champions, Denmark was seated with Russia, Macedonia and Chile in Group B. Winning all of their matches, they advanced safely to the 16th round. Having no problems defeating Tunisia with the score of 30–23, Denmark reached the Quarterfinals where Hungary awaited. After a splendid first half, leading 18–11, the second half was a more close affair, though Denmark managed to win 28–26, reaching the semi-finals for the second consecutive time in this tournament. In the semi-finals, Denmark was seated with Croatia who had beaten the defending World Champions, France, in their semi-final. Though the odds where in favor of Croatia, Denmark played their best match in the 2013 World Championship so far, winning 30–24 and securing their second consecutive World Championship final. In the final, Denmark was up against hosting Spain; the final became a horrendous game for Denmark, losing with a record-breaking 16 goals, losing the title for the second time in a row, with Spain declared as winner of the tournament for the second time in history.
As vice world champions, defending European Champions and the advantage of home court, Denmark were among the favorites to win the tournament. They won all of the matches in the preliminary round as well as the main round advancing to the semi-finals. Denmark met Croatia in the semi-final, they beat Croatia, 29–27, but lost to the French national team in the finals, losing 41–32. This was
Croatia national handball team
The Croatia national handball team represents Croatia in international men's team handball competitions and friendly matches. The handball team is controlled by the Croatian Handball Federation. Croatia has been portrayed as an international force in handball, having won two Olympic gold medals and one World Championship, but never winning the Euros, having lost two finals, one to rivals France and the other to Scandinavian handball team Denmark; the Croatian handball team that won the 1996 Olympic Gold medal was credited as the biggest upset in history of handball, with handball making its debut appearance. The Croatian national team won a so-called "international double" after winning both the gold medal at the Olympics and the World Championships, beating Germany in both finals. Croatia's handball team has been labelled as a model for sport being the replacement for Romania in Europe's "Big Three" in handball, alongside France and Denmark; some of their biggest rivals are neighbors Slovenia and Serbia.
Germany are called rivals of the handball team, although matches between Germany and Croatia have been met with Croatian dominance, Germany only winning once in their nine meetings, Croatia winning seven times. Mediterranean side Spain have been called as close rivals, having played 23 games with them, the most out of any sides the Croatians have played with in handball. However, the French are remarked as Croatia's biggest-ever rival in handball, due to both countries' success. In recent history though, Croatia suffered eliminations at the hands of the French; the word handball in the Croatian region was first used by Franjo Bučar, describing the German game Schleuderball in the journal Sokol 1904. The earliest documented forms of playing handball in these areas appear in 1911 in the gymnasium of Pazin, among other things due to the fact that programs for education in Istria, as part of the Austrian coast, coming from the education center in Graz. In Croatia, at the time handball was in high school programs closing ceremony.
It was a kind of Czech handball extended from the Czech Republic, where it was adopted by the Osijek and Vukovar students from Prague. In the early beginnings of the Croatian handball, venues played field handball. Students were still more attracted to field handball, because the little handball were played on makeshift courts without the right door, as opposed to the field handball, played on the existing football fields. During the Kingdom of Yugoslavia first public handball match in the Croatian region was played and in the wider neighborhood, it was played in a high school in Varaždin 29 May 1930 under the guidance of physical education teachers Zvonimir Šuligoj. Since that game, until 1950, in Croatia and Yugoslavia publicly played field handball, on the football field with eleven players on each side. In high school in Zagreb on 1 June 1935, opened the first handball courts in Yugoslavia. At the beginning of World War II Kingdom of Yugoslavia disintegrated. Most of the territory inhabited by Croats on 10 April 1941, it became part of the newly formed Independent State of Croatia.
As part of the new state on 2 October 1941 in Zagreb for the first time in history the Croatian Handball Federation was established. The place of foundation is recorded to be at the Croatian Sports home in Zagreb. HRS is the umbrella organization of handball in the ISC coordinated the work of a dozen clubs and until 1944 organized national championships. In the state of NDH was established the first Croatian handball team; the first training for practice-match team NDH was held on 12 October 1941 between the two teams selected from the head coach Dragutin Pehe. His first and only international match this team played on 14 June 1942 with Hungary in Budapest where they lost 0:9; this field handball match was played in front of 30,000 spectators at the NEP Stadium was a prelude meeting of the football teams of the same name. The best handball player in the field was the goalkeeper Branko Kralj. Under the direction of the coach Ante Škrtić, the players for Croatia were Vlado Abramović, Irislav Dolenec, Žarko Galetović, Zvonko Leskovar, Todor Marinov, Viktor Medved, Krešo Pavlin, Vlado Šimanović Stjepan Širić, Josip Žitnik and reserve goalkeeper Zdenko Šurina.
HRS stopped functioning in 1944 because of the war in World War II. Yugoslavia national handball teamWhen the 1945 World War II ended, the territory of the Independent State of Croatia was included in the newly established SFR Yugoslavia. After that began the reconstruction of the war abandoned handball in Yugoslavia, that same year founded the Committee for handball Gymnastics Association Croatian, in May 1948 the Committee for handball Gymnastics Association of Yugoslavia. Operation HRS is restored on 19 December 1948, in which he, in accordance with the national policy of the new Yugoslav state, name changed in the Croatian Handball Association. Handball Federation of Yugoslavia was established on 17 December 1949 in Belgrade by pooling national and provincial associations, it became a member of the International Handball Federation in 1950. After the end of World War II, most field handball players of NDH completed courses and became instructors or referees in handball; some of them have become members of the field handball national team of Yugoslavia and played in its first international match, played on 19 June 1950 at the stadium in Stadion Kranjčevićeva in Zagreb, against Belgium.
Yugoslavia won 18:3 playing with one from Split and one from Sarajevo. Since the end of World War II until the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991, the best Croatian handball players in field and team ha
Portugal the Portuguese Republic, is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain, its territory includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments. Portugal is the oldest state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled and fought over since prehistoric times; the pre-Celtic people, Celts and Romans were followed by the invasions of the Visigoths and Suebi Germanic peoples. Portugal as a country was established during the Christian Reconquista against the Moors who had invaded the Iberian Peninsula in 711 AD. Founded in 868, the County of Portugal gained prominence after the Battle of São Mamede in 1128; the Kingdom of Portugal was proclaimed following the Battle of Ourique in 1139, independence from León was recognised by the Treaty of Zamora in 1143.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global empire, becoming one of the world's major economic and military powers. During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration, notably under royal patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator and King John II, with such notable voyages as Bartolomeu Dias' sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope, Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India and the European discovery of Brazil. During this time Portugal monopolized the spice trade, divided the world into hemispheres of dominion with Castille, the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia. However, events such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, the independence of Brazil, a late industrialization compared to other European powers, erased to a great extent Portugal's prior opulence. After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established being superseded by the Estado Novo right-wing authoritarian regime.
Democracy was restored after the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Shortly after, independence was granted to all its overseas territories; the handover of Macau to China in 1999 marked the end of what can be considered the longest-lived colonial empire. Portugal has left a profound cultural and architectural influence across the globe, a legacy of around 250 million Portuguese speakers, many Portuguese-based creoles, it is a developed country with a high-income advanced economy and high living standards. Additionally, it is placed in rankings of moral freedom, democracy, press freedom, social progress, LGBT rights. A member of the United Nations and the European Union, Portugal was one of the founding members of NATO, the eurozone, the OECD, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries; the word Portugal derives from the Roman-Celtic place name Portus Cale. Portus, the Latin word for port or harbour, Cala or Cailleach was the name of a Celtic goddess – in Scotland she is known as Beira – and the name of an early settlement located at the mouth of the Douro River which flows into the Atlantic Ocean in the north of what is now Portugal.
At the time the land of a specific people was named after its deity. Those names are the origins of the - gal in Galicia. Incidentally, the meaning of Cale or Calle is a derivation of the Celtic word for port which would confirm old links to pre-Roman, Celtic languages which compare to today's Irish caladh or Scottish cala, both meaning port; some French scholars believe it may have come from ` Portus Gallus', the port of the Celts. Around 200 BC, the Romans took the Iberian Peninsula from the Carthaginians during the Second Punic War, in the process conquered Cale and renamed it Portus Cale incorporating it to the province of Gaellicia with capital in Bracara Augusta. During the Middle Ages, the region around Portus Cale became known by the Suebi and Visigoths as Portucale; the name Portucale evolved into Portugale during the 7th and 8th centuries, by the 9th century, that term was used extensively to refer to the region between the rivers Douro and Minho. By the 11th and 12th centuries, Portugallia or Portvgalliae was referred to as Portugal.
The early history of Portugal is shared with the rest of the Iberian Peninsula located in South Western Europe. The name of Portugal derives from the joined Romano-Celtic name Portus Cale; the region was settled by Pre-Celts and Celts, giving origin to peoples like the Gallaeci, Lusitanians and Cynetes, visited by Phoenicians, Ancient Greeks and Carthaginians, incorporated in the Roman Republic dominions as Lusitania and part of Gallaecia, after 45 BC until 298 AD. The region of present-day Portugal was inhabited by Neanderthals and by Homo sapiens, who roamed the border-less region of the northern Iberian peninsula; these were subsistence societies that, although they did not establish prosperous settlements, did form organized societies. Neolithic Portugal experimented with domestication of herding animals, the raising of some cereal crops and fluvial or marine fishing, it is believed by some scholars that early in the first millennium BC, several waves of Celts invaded Portugal from Central Europe and inter-married with the local populations, forming differe