His primary role was as a right-arm fast bowler, but he was a competent lower-order batsman with a Test double century, an unbeaten 201. He was an AIS Australian Cricket Academy scholarship holder in 1995 and he made his Test debut against the West Indies at Sydney in 1996 and his One Day International debut against Sri Lanka at Colombo in the Singer World Series in 1996. On 29 February 2008, Gillespie announced his retirement from cricket in Australia. At the end of the 2008 English domestic season he retired from all first-class cricket, as Yorkshire County Cricket Clubs first team coach from 2012 to 2016, he guided them to two County Championship titles. Jason Gillespie is a descendant on his fathers side of the Kamilaroi people of Indigenous Australians and he attended Cabra Dominican College in Adelaide, South Australia. The couple have four children, Brandon Kingston and a daughter, Gillespie has another daughter, Sapphire from a previous relationship. Gillespie took 259 wickets in 71 Tests making him Australias sixth-highest wicket-taker, in terms of pace, he bowled in the mid 140s-150 km/h mark in his early career up to about 2001.
When he made his comeback in the 2000/01 season, he bowled more consistently, consistent injuries forced Gillespie to operate from a shorter run-up and therefore reduce his pace. Gillespie seldom dominated a Test series, but he was a support bowler over several years for his more famous teammates Glenn McGrath. However, Gillespies career suffered a sharp decline. In early 2005, there were signs that he was struggling, with somewhat poor displays against New Zealand. This poor form continued into the 2005 Ashes series where he struggled badly, after the Ashes series Gillespie took 40 wickets for South Australia during the 2005/06 Pura Cup Season. He was the fourth-highest wicket taker in the competition, with an average far below the leading wicket takers. His best figures came against Victoria where he took 7-35 and these performances saw him make a return to the Australian Test side against Bangladesh after injury problems to the first choice attack. Gillespie was named man of the series after taking 8 wickets, Gillespie occasionally proved his worth with the bat, with a highest Test score of 201 not out and an average of 18.73.
He is the player in Test cricket with a career batting average of less than 20 to reach 200 runs in an innings. Also, given his low back lift, he could defend or deflect shots from spin bowlers more readily and he has a one-day international high score of 44 not out and he averages 12.56 in one-day internationals with an impressive strike rate of 78.53. In the second Test match against Bangladesh at Chittagong on 19 April 2006 and this was Gillespies maiden first-class century
Adam Craig Gilchrist, AM, nicknamed Gilly or Churchy, is a former Australian cricketer. He was the captain of Australia, and Middlesex and he is an attacking left-handed batsman and record-breaking wicket-keeper, who redefined the role for the Australia national cricket team through his aggressive batting. He is widely regarded as the greatest wicket-keeper–batsman in the history of the game and he held the world record for the most dismissals by a wicket-keeper in One Day International cricket until it was surpassed by Kumar Sangakkara in 2015 and the most by an Australian in Test cricket. His strike rate is amongst the highest in the history of both ODI and Test cricket, his century against England at Perth in December 2006 is the fourth-fastest century in all Test cricket and he is the first player to have hit 100 sixes in Test cricket. His 17 Test and 16 ODI centuries are the second most by a wicket-keeper and he holds the unique record of scoring at least 50 runs in successive World Cup finals.
His 149 off 104 balls against Sri Lanka in the 2007 World Cup final is rated one of the greatest World Cup innings of all time and he is one of only three players to have won three titles. Gilchrist is the first player to reach 1000 runs in the Indian Premier League, Gilchrist is renowned for walking when he considers himself to be out, sometimes contrary to the decision of the umpire. He made his first-class debut in 1992, his first One-Day International appearance in 1996 in India, during his career, he played for Australia in 96 Test matches and over 270 One-day internationals. He was Australias vice-captain in both forms of the game, captaining the team when regular captains Steve Waugh and Ricky Ponting were unavailable and he retired from international cricket in March 2008. In March 2013, he announced that he would join the Caribbean Premier League, Adam Gilchrist was born in 1971 at Bellingen Hospital, in Bellingen, New South Wales, the youngest of four children. He and his family lived in Dorrigo and Deniliquin where, playing for his school, Deniliquin South Public School, at the age of 13, his parents and June, moved the family to Lismore where Gilchrist captained the Kadina High School cricket team.
Gilchrist was selected for the state team, and in 1989 he was offered a scholarship by London-based Richmond Cricket Club. During his year at Richmond, he played junior cricket for Old Actonians Cricket Clubs under 17 team, with whom he won the Middlesex League. He moved to Sydney and joined the Gordon Club in Sydney Grade Cricket, Gilchrist is married to his high school sweetheart Melinda Gilchrist, a dietitian, and they have three sons, Harrison and Ted, and a daughter, Annie Jean. In 1991, Gilchrist was selected for the Australia Young Cricketers, Gilchrist scored a century and a fifty in the three Tests. Upon his return to Australia late in the year, Gilchrist was accepted into the Australian Cricket Academy, over the next year, Gilchrist represented the ACA as they played matches against the Second XI of Australias state teams, and toured South Africa to play provincial youth teams. In his first season, the won the Sheffield Shield. Gilchrist made 274 runs at an average of 30.44 in his debut season and he made his debut in Mercantile Mutual limited overs competition
The Perth Scorchers are an Australian domestic Twenty20 cricket team based in Perth, Western Australia. The Scorchers represent Perth in the Big Bash League and wear an orange cricket uniform, the Scorchers are the most successful team in BBL history, played in five of the first six BBL finals, including hosting the first three and winning in the third and fourth seasons. The Sydney Sixers defeated them in 2011–12 and the Brisbane Heat won the title in 2012–13, they defeated Hobart Hurricanes in BBL03 before beating the Sixers in BBL04 in a last-ball thriller at Canberras Manuka Oval. The Scorchers are captained by Adam Voges after Simon Katich retired at the end of the Scorchers successful BBL03 campaign in 2014, mickey Arthur was originally appointed coach, but quit before the beginning of the 2011–12 season after he was appointed coach of the Australian cricket team. He was replaced by his assistant, Lachlan Stevens. Justin Langer replaced Stevens in November 2012, the Scorchers have a side in the Womens Big Bash League captained by Suzie Bates and coached by Lisa Keightley.
Brad Hogg was recruited despite having not played state or international cricket since the 2007–08 season, the Scorchers started the 2011–12 Big Bash League season poorly, losing to the Hobart Hurricanes in their opening game at the WACA Ground by 31 runs. However, they subsequently won 5 games in a row, resulting in finishing the inaugural season at the top of the ladder. The Scorchers won the semi-final against the Melbourne Stars by 11 runs, points table on ESPN CricInfo By finishing in the top two of the Big Bash League, they won a position at the 2012 Champions League Twenty20 tournament, held in South Africa in October 2012. The team performed poorly, only winning one game, the Marsh brothers and Mitchell were both disciplined and dropped from the final game after excessively celebrating Mitchells 21st birthday during the tournament. Other squad changes included the return of Adam Voges and the departure of Nathan Rimmington, tasmanian Tom Triffitt was recruited as the wicket keeper.
Pat Cummins was recruited from the 2011–12 winning Sydney Sixers, but was injured whilst playing for the Sixers at the 2012 Champions League Twenty20 and did not play for the Scorchers. The Scorchers again started the season poorly, losing to the Melbourne Stars in their second match when they scored an Australian record low total of 69 runs. In a high scoring, but rain interrupted game, the Scorchers won off the ball of the innings. They hosted the final against the Brisbane Heat but lost by 34 runs. South African Alfonso Thomas returned as a player, but new signing Dwayne Smith from the West Indies did not travel to Perth due to personal reasons. He was replaced in the team by Yasir Arafat from Pakistan, Perth made the finals once again, finishing in 3rd place with 5 wins from 8 games. The Scorchers defeated the Sydney Sixers in their semi-final at the Sydney Cricket Ground to advance to their 3rd straight Grand Final, 4th placed Hobart defeated 1st placed Stars in the other semi-final, giving Perth the home ground advantage for a 3rd consecutive time
The ACT Comets are a cricket team that represent the Australian Capital Territory. The Comets are the team of the Cricket ACT who are affiliated with Cricket Australia. The ACT Comets were participants in the Australian domestic limited-overs Mercantile Mutual Cup competition and they did not, field a team in the four-day Sheffield Shield competition. Their Mercantile Mutual Cup involvement lasted from the 1997–98 season to the 1999–2000 season and it was found that there was insufficient local support at that time to be financially viable in the first-class and list-A competitions. Former Australian Test bowler Merv Hughes was brought out of retirement to help ACT, current Australian internationals Brad Haddin and Nathan Lyon played for the Comets. Former Australian Test batsman Michael Bevan was born in Canberra and played cricket with the Western Creek club, police Magistrate AT Faunce was instrumental in bringing cricket to the Canberra-Queanbeyan region in the 1830s and died while playing the game at the Queanbeyan Market reserve.
There have been 25 players to play 50 or more games for the ACT, four players have reached 100, while Peter Solway is the only to have reached 150 games. Jono Dean is the current captain of the side, the team represents Canberra in the lower-level Futures League. The Comets finished the 2005–06 season in place with two outright wins. The Comets took out their first ever title in the 2010–11 season and this is current players that played for ACT Comets in 2015/16 Manuka Oval ACT Comets home page Article – ACB confirms decision to omit Canberra from Mercantile Mutual Cup
The Sydney Sixers are an Australian professional mens cricket team, competing in Australias domestic Twenty20 cricket competition, the Big Bash League. Along with the Sydney Thunder, the Sixers are the successors of the New South Wales Blues who played in the now-defunct KFC Twenty20 Big Bash. The Sixers play at Sydney Cricket Ground in the area of the inner city while the Thunder play out of Spotless Stadium further west. The inaugural coach was Trevor Bayliss and Dominic Remond is the General Manager, the Sixers inaugural captain is Australian wicket-keeper Brad Haddin. Both Steve Smith and Moises Henriques have spent time captaining the team, competing in the inaugural Big Bash League, the Sydney Sixers went on to win the tournament. After finishing third in the regular games, the Sixers defeated the Hobart Hurricanes in the semi-final at Bellerive Oval. This facilitated a show-down with the Perth Scorchers in the final and they defeated the Scorchers on 28 January 2012, at the WACA Ground, thus becoming the inaugural champions of the Big Bash League.
As a result of their successful Big Bash League grand final win, the tournament was held in October 2012 in South Africa. Again, the Sixers made history by winning this tournament on their first attempt, the Sixers were top of their group going into the finals of the tournament. They went on to defeat the Nashua Titans in the semi-finals, the Sydney Sixers were created when the decision was made to move away from state representative teams to city-based teams for the domestic Twenty20 competition. It is believed that this move was to align its structure with that of India and South Africa and this was an important factor for the ongoing Champions League Twenty20 tournament, where those three nations were founding members. It was decided there would be two teams from Sydney, two teams from Melbourne, and one from each other capital city for an eight team competition. The names Sixers were decided upon by Cricket NSW, other names considered for the two teams were Rocks and Edge. The Sydney Sixers were chosen to host the first game of the new, the game was played on December 16,2011 at the historical Sydney Cricket Ground against the Brisbane Heat.
The Sixers lost the toss and restricted the Heat to 8/139 from their allotted 20 overs, stuart MacGill showed his class, coming out of retirement for this tournament, to end with the best figures from a Sixers bowler with 2/21. The Sixers easily chased down the runs with 8 balls to spare with skipper, the Sixers traveled down to Hobart and were dominated by the Hurricanes in a 42-run defeat. Phil Jaques and Travis Birt amassing a 107 wicket partnership, with Birt the Player of the Match, the Sixers lost on the road to the Melbourne Renegades before picking up away wins against Sydney Thunder and Adelaide Strikers. The Sixers battled-out a hard fought win against the Perth Scorchers at home, after losing a couple of early wickets, Steve Smith smacked a quickfire 51 before the Sixers lost 5/8 in the final two overs to be bowled out for 176
The Melbourne Renegades is an Australian professional mens Twenty20 cricket team based in the Australian state, Victoria. They compete in Australias Twenty20 cricket competition, the Big Bash League and their home ground is Etihad Stadium. The Renegades wear a red cricket uniform, the Renegades were coached by Victorian Bushrangers 2010/11 One Day winning coach, Simon Helmot and captained by Victorian Bushrangers batsman, Aaron Finch. Aaron Finch was awarded Player of the Season in 2012–13 Big Bash League season after striking 332 runs at an average of 66.40, on 29 January 2015, the Renegades parted ways with Helmot. The following is the Renegades men squad for the 2016–17 Big Bash League season as of 31 December 2016, the Renegades foundation captain was Victorian all-rounder Andrew McDonald and coached by Victorian Bushrangers one-day coach, Simon Helmot. In their first season, the Renegade signed local state players such as Aaron Finch, Glenn Maxwell, Brad Hodge and Dirk Nannes, along with Pakistani imports Shahid Afridi and Abdul Razzaq.
The Renegades struggled in their first season, only winning two games against the Sydney Thunder and the Sydney Sixers respectively, Aaron Finch scored 259 runs, whilst Shahid Afridi took 10 wickets. The 2012–13 Big Bash League season saw the Renegades release several star players including the previous seasons captain, Aaron Finch became the first Renegades player to score a century after scoring 111 from 65 balls against the Melbourne Stars. Finch won the The Renegades were knocked out by the Brisbane Heat in the semi-finals, the poor run from the previous season resulted in the coach Simon Helmot being sacked. The Renegades hired David Saker as the new coach for the 2015–16 Big Bash League season, the Renegades signed experienced players Cameron White, Xavier Doherty and Chris Gayle to strengthen their squad. The Melbourne Derby – When the league began in 2011, Cricket Australia decided they would place two teams in Melbourne, with the core group of players for both sides coming from the Victoria cricket team, this rivalry automatically became widely anticipated in Melbourne.
In the fifth season, during the first leg of the two derbies at the MCG, it drew a crowd of 80,883 which is the highest crowd for any domestic cricket match ever in the history of the sport. The Renegades averaged 13,323 fans to their games for the inaugural BBL season. The average attendance increased by a margin in the third season when they registered an average crowd of 21,929. The fourth season had even better average crowd of 22,324 fans for their home matches and their highest home attendance was to the Melbourne Derby in their third BBL season, attracting 42,837 fans. The biggest non-home attendance in BBL history occurred in the 2015/2016 season against the Stars and their largest non-Derby attendance was 26,787, which came in their fifth BBL season against the Perth Scorchers. Renegades members have increased with every passing season. They reached their biggest membership mark ever for a two weeks before the start of the 2015–16 Big Bash League season
Cricket in Australia
Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Australia at international and local levels. Unlike most other sports, cricket generates equal interest in all regions of the nation. The peak administrative body for professional and amateur cricket in Australia is Cricket Australia. A record 1,311,184 people played cricket across Australia in 2015-16, women participation reached record figures in 2015-16, growing nine percent to 314,936 players. According to Cricket Australias annual report of 2014-15,1,208,360 Australians played formal, organised cricket during the year, official audience data shows that 93. 6% of Australians watched at least some cricket on TV in 2010–11 calendar year. Cricket has been played in Australia for over 210 years, intercolonial cricket in Australia started with a visit by cricketers from Victoria to Tasmania in February 1851. The match was played in Launceston on 11–12 February with Tasmania winning by 3 wickets, the first tour by an English team to Australia was in 1861–62, organised by the catering firm of Spiers and Pond as a private enterprise.
A further tour followed in 1863–64, led by George Parr and was more successful than the last. In 1868, a team consisting of Aboriginal cricketers became the first Australian team to tour England, the team played 47 matches, winning 14, drawing 19 and losing 14. The heavy workload and inclement weather took its toll with King Cole contracting a case of tuberculosis during the tour. Further tours by English teams took place in 1873–74 and 1876–77, the 1876–77 season was notable for a match between a combined XI from New South Wales and Victoria and the touring Englishmen at the Melbourne Cricket Ground played on 15–19 March. This match, to be recognised as the first Test Match, was won by Australia by 45 runs thanks mainly to an unbeaten 165 by Charles Bannerman, the result of this match was seen by Australians and Englishmen as a reflection of the rising standard of Australian cricket. The rising standards of Australian cricket was established during the first representative tour of England in 1878.
A famous victory on the 1882 tour of England resulted in the placement of an obituary in an English newspaper. The obituary stated that English cricket had died, and the body will be cremated, the English media dubbed the next English tour to Australia as the quest to regain The Ashes. The Sheffield Shield, the premier cricket competition in Australia, was established in 1892 by the Australasian Cricket Council. The era from the mid-1890s to World War I has been described as Australian crickets golden age and this era saw the emergence of players such as Monty Noble, Clem Hill and in particular Victor Trumper, who was idolised by the Australian public. It saw the emergence of the first womens club in the colonies
The Melbourne Stars is an Australian Twenty20 cricket team based in Melbourne, Victoria that competes in Australias Twenty20 competition, the Big Bash League. The Stars wear a uniform and play their home matches at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. They are currently captained by Australian David Hussey and coached by former New Zealand captain Stephen Fleming, starman & Starlet are the official mascots of the Melbourne Stars. The Melbourne Derby – When the league began in 2011, Cricket Australia decided they would place two teams in Melbourne, with the core group of players for both sides coming from the Victoria cricket team, this rivalry automatically became widely anticipated in Melbourne. In the fifth season, during the first leg of the two derbies at the MCG, it drew a crowd of 80,883 which is the highest crowd for any domestic cricket match ever in the history of the sport. Melbourne Stars are sponsored by Optus, and National Storage in BBL06, BBL Sponsors, WBBL Sponsors, The Melbourne Stars WBBL team is captained by Meg Lanning
Queensland cricket team
The first European settlement in Queensland was a penal colony established at Redcliffe in 1824, which moved to Brisbane the following year. Free settlers first arrived in 1842, the earliest evidence of cricket being played in Queensland is in 1857, two years prior to separation from New South Wales and statehood. A match between Brisbane and Ipswich was held in 1859 while in 1860 a Toowoomba team played Dalby, by 1862 there were teams in Warwick, Gayndah, Gympie and the Lockyer Valley. Queenslands first inter-colonial match was in 1864 when their XXII was beaten by a New South Wales XI, in 1875, Queensland recorded their first victory when their XVIII beat the NSW XI. That victory was a catalyst for the formation of the Queensland Cricket Association in 1876, Queensland was finally granted first-class status in 1892/93, winning its inaugural first-class match against NSW in that season by 14 runs. Queensland rarely played more than two matches per season from 1892/93, with generally one match against New South Wales.
The tyranny of distance and non-professional status of the severely limited opportunities for more first-class competition during this period. The Sheffield Shield competition commenced in 1892/93 but Queenslands initial applications for admission were refused, despite their minimal first-class exposure, Queensland still produced four Australian Test players prior to their Sheffield Shield debut, though none played more than six Tests. The first was the colourful Arthur Coningham who played his only Test in 1895, remarkably, he took a wicket with his very first delivery. He scored Queenslands initial first-class century,151 against NSW, 1910/11 was a very successful season as Queensland recorded three first-class wins for the first time, beating NSW home and away and Victoria in Melbourne in their only three games of the summer. Queensland was finally admitted to the Sheffield Shield in 1926/27 and had a debut year, defeating NSW in their first ever Shield match. Like most new teams the side struggled to maintain that level of performance, however the decision to include Queensland quickly paid off with the emergence of regular Test players such as Bill Brown, Don Tallon, Percy Hornibrook and Ron Oxenham.
Brisbane hosted its first Test match in 1928/29 when Australia met England at the Exhibition Ground, by the early 1950s Queensland had a very competitive side and was regularly finishing in the top three of the five team Shield following Western Australias admission in 1946/47. In 1956/57 they finished a one point behind winners NSW. More Australian players were produced, including Ron Archer, Wally Grout, Ken Slasher Mackay, another highlight of this period was the dramatic Tied Test between Australia and the West Indies at the Gabba in 1960/61. This period was undoubtedly Queenslands worst era, finishing last eight times in nine Shield seasons, rock bottom was reached in 1967/68 when the side failed to win a single game. The QCA decided to recruit high-profile interstate players to revive the teams fortunes, greg Chappell was vice-captain of South Australia under brother Ian and was lured north for the 1973/74 season with the promise of the Queensland captaincy. Emerging pace bowler Jeff Thomson followed the next year, the addition of Chappell and Thomson to a side containing players such as Sam Trimble, Martin Kent, Tony Dell and Geoff Dymock had an immediate impact
The Sydney Thunder are an Australian professional cricket team, competing in Australias domestic Twenty20 cricket competition, the Big Bash League. The teams home ground is Sydney Showground Stadium, known as Spotless Stadium at Sydney Olympic Park and their team uniform is lime green. Thunder won the edition of Big Bash, as well as the inaugural Womens Big Bash League. Along with the Sydney Sixers, the Sydney Thunder are the successors of the New South Wales Blues who played in the now-defunct KFC Twenty20 Big Bash. The NSW Cricket board unanimously decided on lime green as the colour, though other colours were considered. Cricket Australia did not allow Cricket NSW to use the sky blue colour associated with New South Wales sports teams. The team made their debut in the 2011-12 Big Bash League season - the inaugural season of the Big Bash League, the team performed poorly in its first years in the competition, finishing last in each of its first three seasons and second last in its fourth season.
From 2011 to 2014, the Thunders home ground was ANZ Stadium in Sydney Olympic Park, in June 2015, the Thunder announced they would leave ANZ Stadium and play all home games at Sydney Showground Stadium until the 2024-25 BBL season. The 2015–16 Big Bash League season marked the first year in which the Thunder finished in the top half of the table, the Thunder lost their following four games and it looked as if they were set to miss out on the finals. In their final game of the 2015–16 Big Bash League season, the Thunder faced the Adelaide Strikers at Adelaide Oval in the first semi final, winning convincingly. The Thunder faced the Stars in the Finals the Melbourne Stars, the final was played at Melbourne Cricket Ground on 24 January 2016 and resulted in the Thunders defeat of the Melbourne Stars. The Sydney Thunder franchise swept the titles as the team won the inaugural womens title hours ago on the same ground by the same margin with the same number of balls remaining. The mens game featured a battle of two captains as brothers Michael and David Hussey went against each other on their mothers birthday, Sydney Thunder were the most watched sports team in Australia during 2015/16 with an average TV audience of 1. 2m.
Shane Watson was elected to captain the side in 2016, Thunder Bus The Thunder Bus travels around schools and cricket club in Sydney and Regional NSW, it has an interactive quiz and inflatable nets. The Thunder Bus directly engaged with 100,000 children aged between 5-12 during this period and was seen by over 1 Million people, gayle was pursued by Perth Scorchers but he rejected an offer of $250,000 to stay with the New South Wales team. The Sydney Smash – When the league began in 2011, Cricket Australia decided they would place two teams in Sydney, with the core group of players for both sides coming from the New South Wales cricket team, this rivalry automatically becomes widely anticipated in Sydney. In the first four seasons of the BBL the Thunder lost all seven Sydney Derby games to the Sixers. However, in the first match of the fifth Big Bash League, the season marked the first time the Thunder beat the Sixers in both games contested during the season
New South Wales cricket team
The New South Wales cricket team are an Australian mens professional first class cricket team based in Sydney, New South Wales. The team competes in the Australian first class cricket competition known as the Sheffield Shield, the team previously played in the now defunct Twenty20, Big Bash, which has since been replaced by the Big Bash League since the 2011–12 season. New South Wales were the winners of the Champions League Twenty20. They are by far the most successful cricket side in Australia having won the First-class competition 46 times. In addition, they have won the Australian domestic limited-overs cricket tournament cup 10 times. They occasionally play first-class matches against touring International sides, New South Wales have played teams representing every test playing nation bar Bangladesh. The secondary club colour is blue, with additional contrasting colour of white. Players with international caps are listed in bold, as of 28 April 2016 The following is a list of notable players who have represented both New South Wales and Australia
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia. In June 2016, Adelaide had a resident population of 1,326,354 million. South Australia, with a total of 1, the demonym Adelaidean is used in reference to the city and its residents. Adelaide is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges which surround the city. Adelaide stretches 20 km from the coast to the foothills, and 94 to 104 km from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south. Named in honour of Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, queen consort to King William IV, Colonel William Light, one of Adelaides founding fathers, designed the city and chose its location close to the River Torrens, in the area originally inhabited by the Kaurna people. Lights design set out Adelaide in a layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares. Early Adelaide was shaped by prosperity and wealth—until the Second World War, it was Australias third-largest city and it has been noted for early examples of religious freedom, a commitment to political progressivism and civil liberties.
It has been known as the City of Churches since the mid-19th century, as South Australias seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of these are concentrated in the city centre along the boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street. Today, Adelaide is noted for its festivals and sporting events, its food and wine, its long beachfronts. It ranks highly in terms of liveability, being listed in the Top 10 of The Economist Intelligence Units Worlds Most Liveable Cities index in 2010,2011,2012 and 2015. It was ranked the most liveable city in Australia by the Property Council of Australia in 2011,2012 and 2013, prior to its proclamation as a British settlement in 1836, the area around Adelaide was inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna Aboriginal nation. Kaurna culture and language was almost completely destroyed within a few decades of the European settlement of South Australia in 1836, extensive documentation by early missionaries and other researchers has enabled a modern revival of both language and culture.
South Australia was officially proclaimed as a new British colony on 28 December 1836, the event is commemorated in South Australia as Proclamation Day. The site of the capital was surveyed and laid out by Colonel William Light. Adelaide was established as a colony of free immigrants, promising civil liberties and freedom from religious persecution. Wakefields idea was for the Government to survey and sell the land at a rate that would maintain land values high enough to be unaffordable for labourers and journeymen