University of Texas at Austin
The University of Texas at Austin is a public research university in Austin, Texas. It is the flagship institution of the University of Texas System; the University of Texas was inducted into the Association of American Universities in 1929, becoming only the third university in the American South to be elected. The institution has the nation's eighth-largest single-campus enrollment, with over 50,000 undergraduate and graduate students and over 24,000 faculty and staff. A Public Ivy, it is a major center for academic research, with research expenditures exceeding $615 million for the 2016–2017 school year; the university houses seven museums and seventeen libraries, including the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum and the Blanton Museum of Art, operates various auxiliary research facilities, such as the J. J. Pickle Research Campus and the McDonald Observatory. Among university faculty are recipients of the Nobel Prize, Pulitzer Prize, the Wolf Prize, the Primetime Emmy Award, the Turing Award, the National Medal of Science, as well as many other awards.
As of October 2018, 11 Nobel Prize winners, 2 Turing Award winners and 1 Fields medalist have been affiliated with the school as alumni, faculty members or researchers. Student athletes are members of the Big 12 Conference, its Longhorn Network is the only sports network featuring the college sports of a single university. The Longhorns have won four NCAA Division I National Football Championships, six NCAA Division I National Baseball Championships, thirteen NCAA Division I National Men's Swimming and Diving Championships, has claimed more titles in men's and women's sports than any other school in the Big 12 since the league was founded in 1996; the first mention of a public university in Texas can be traced to the 1827 constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. Although Title 6, Article 217 of the Constitution promised to establish public education in the arts and sciences, no action was taken by the Mexican government. After Texas obtained its independence from Mexico in 1836, the Texas Congress adopted the Constitution of the Republic, under Section 5 of its General Provisions, stated "It shall be the duty of Congress, as soon as circumstances will permit, to provide, by law, a general system of education."On April 18, 1838, "An Act to Establish the University of Texas" was referred to a special committee of the Texas Congress, but was not reported back for further action.
On January 26, 1839, the Texas Congress agreed to set aside fifty leagues of land—approximately 288,000 acres —towards the establishment of a publicly funded university. In addition, 40 acres in the new capital of Austin were reserved and designated "College Hill." In 1845, Texas was annexed into the United States. The state's Constitution of 1845 failed to mention higher education. On February 11, 1858, the Seventh Texas Legislature approved O. B. 102, an act to establish the University of Texas, which set aside $100,000 in United States bonds toward construction of the state's first publicly funded university. The legislature designated land reserved for the encouragement of railroad construction toward the university's endowment. On January 31, 1860, the state legislature, wanting to avoid raising taxes, passed an act authorizing the money set aside for the University of Texas to be used for frontier defense in west Texas to protect settlers from Indian attacks. Texas's secession from the Union and the American Civil War delayed repayment of the borrowed monies.
At the end of the Civil War in 1865, The University of Texas's endowment was just over $16,000 in warrants and nothing substantive had been done to organize the university's operations. This effort to establish a University was again mandated by Article 7, Section 10 of the Texas Constitution of 1876 which directed the legislature to "establish and provide for the maintenance and direction of a university of the first class, to be located by a vote of the people of this State, styled "The University of Texas."Additionally, Article 7, Section 11 of the 1876 Constitution established the Permanent University Fund, a sovereign wealth fund managed by the Board of Regents of the University of Texas and dedicated for the maintenance of the university. Because some state legislators perceived an extravagance in the construction of academic buildings of other universities, Article 7, Section 14 of the Constitution expressly prohibited the legislature from using the state's general revenue to fund construction of university buildings.
Funds for constructing university buildings had to come from the university's endowment or from private gifts to the university, but the university's operating expenses could come from the state's general revenues. The 1876 Constitution revoked the endowment of the railroad lands of the Act of 1858, but dedicated 1,000,000 acres of land, along with other property appropriated for the university, to the Permanent University Fund; this was to the detriment of the university as the lands the Constitution of 1876 granted the university represented less than 5% of the value of the lands granted to the university under the Act of 1858. The more valuable lands reverted to the fund to support general educat
Birmingham–Jefferson Convention Complex
The Birmingham–Jefferson Convention Complex is a sports and entertainment complex located in Birmingham, Alabama. The Sheraton Birmingham and Westin Birmingham are located on the complex adjoining the convention center. Alongside numerous exhibit halls and ballrooms, the complex features three entertainment venues: an arena, concert hall and theater; the Birmingham–Jefferson Civic Center was designed by Geddes Brecher Qualls Cunningham, the winner of what was, at the time, the largest open architectural competition organized by the American Institute of Architects. The original facility was built between 1974 and 1976 for US$104 million. A. G. Gaston Construction Company, Inc. served as contractors. A critical component of the competition program was making a viable connection across the elevated I-59/I-20 highway from the Civic Center facility to the existing administrative and cultural facilities surrounding Linn Park to the south. No satisfactory solution to that problem has been carried out.
Part of Birmingham's "City Center Master Plan" envisions replacing the existing elevated highway with a below-grade corridor which would simplify interstate access to the downtown area, mitigate the noise and visual effects of highway traffic, allow for a landscaped plaza to bridge over the highway. If carried out, this plan would create the connection between the BJCC and Linn Park. Multiple plans to expand the complex have been presented. An attempt by former Birmingham mayor Larry Langford to build a large domed stadium was unsuccessful; the BJCC authority has purchased several parcels of land required for that expansion, but the project still does not have major financial backing and lacks a clear design. Birmingham mayor William Bell has expressed some interest in building a domed stadium, but on a smaller scale; the Alabama Department of Transportation has begun preliminary work to replace the aging I-20/59 elevated viaduct adjacent to the complex. The project involves the reuse of some right-of-way to improve interstate ramps, which may interfere with plans to build a multipurpose stadium at the complex's current site.
Legacy Arena, seats 17,654 for sporting events, 19,000 for 8,000 in a theater setting. It has been the home to college basketball and arena football teams in Birmingham, it was home of the Birmingham Bulls of the WHA from 1976 to 1981 and another version of the Birmingham Bulls of the ECHL from 1992 to 2001. It was home to the UAB men's basketball team starting in 1978 before the team moved into Bartow Arena in 1988; the Alabama Steeldogs, an af2 team, played in the arena from 2000 to 2007. In 2009 and 2017, the arena hosted; the arena has hosted major concert tours, Disney on Ice, American Idol Live!, the PBR Built Ford Tough Series, Monster Jam, Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, other events including trade shows. The 2,835 -seat BJCC Concert Hall was the home of the Alabama Symphony Orchestra before moving to UAB's state of the art Alys Stephens Center. Concerts and touring Broadway and family shows are held here, it features a 84-foot -by-88-foot stage with a 24-foot--tall proscenium.
Its grid height of 105 feet makes the concert hall the tallest building in the complex. There is a pipe organ at the Concert Hall, backstage there are 2 chorus rooms and 12 dressing rooms, as well as two rehearsal areas and a VIP Reception Room; the 1,000-seat BJCC Theater is used for operas and smaller concerts and stage shows, is home to the Birmingham Children's Theatre, the nation's largest children's theater. The theater contains a grid height of 58 feet. There are 2 rehearsal areas, 2 chorus dressing rooms and 6 dressing rooms, including a star's dressing room; the 220,000-square-foot Exhibition Hall is used for Birmingham's largest trade shows and conventions. It can accommodate 1100 exhibit booths; the complex contains 64 meeting rooms totaling 100,000 square feet of meeting space, including a 16,000-square-foot ballroom that can seat up to 1,200 for banquets. The ten-story Medical Forum, with meeting space, a 275-seat theater, conference space, offices, is located here; the adjacent 838-room Sheraton Birmingham Hotel provides a large ballroom and other convention and meeting facilities nearby.
The Sheraton housed the COGIC AIM Convention Youth Services in 2012. The 294-room Westin Birmingham Hotel within the Uptown entertainment district provides more than 7,000 square feet of flexible meeting space and an additional 2,500 square feet of pre-function space. List of concert halls List of convention centers in the United States Adams, editor Birmingham-Jefferson Civic Center National Architectural Competition. Birmingham, Alabama: Birmingham-Jefferson Civic Center Authority. Geddes, Robert L. Principles and Precedents: Geddes Brecher Qualls Cunningham. Process Architecture No. 62. Tokyo: Books Nippan. ISBN 4-89331-062-3
Meadowlands Arena is an indoor venue located in the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey, United States. The arena is located on New Jersey Route 120 and is across the highway from MetLife Stadium and the Meadowlands Racetrack. A covered footbridge connects one of MetLife Stadium's parking lots with the Meadowlands Arena's lot; the arena was built to accommodate a move of the New York Nets basketball team to New Jersey and opened in 1981. In 1982, the Colorado Rockies hockey team joined the Nets in the new building and became known as the New Jersey Devils; the Nets and Devils were joined by the Seton Hall Pirates men's collegiate basketball program in 1985. In 2007, the Prudential Center opened in nearby Newark and the New Jersey Devils, for whom the Prudential Center was built, moved out. Seton Hall, whose campus in South Orange is closer to Newark than East Rutherford and moved their basketball games there; the Nets remained for three more seasons before moving to Newark, where they played two seasons before departing New Jersey for the Barclays Center in Brooklyn.
The men's basketball team from Fordham University played most of their 2010–11 home schedule at the arena. Following the departure of all three of its major tenants, the arena continued to host occasional non-sporting events, such as touring shows and concerts, other local events; the state-owned facility reported losses for 2013, was projected to have $8.5 million in losses for 2015. On January 15, 2015, the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority voted to shut down Izod Center, have Prudential Center acquire hosting rights to events scheduled for the arena over the next two years in a $2 million deal; the arena is used as a rehearsal venue for large-scale touring concert productions as well as video productions. The former box offices are used as a station for the NJSEA EMS and the former Winner's Club restaurant is used as quarters for the New Jersey State Police. Construction on a new arena across Route 20 from Giants Stadium and the Meadowlands Racetrack began in 1977, with the arena's initial purpose being to serve as the primary home for the Nets who had moved from Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale, New York to New Jersey.
While the venue was being built, the Nets played their home games in Piscataway at the Rutgers Athletic Center. The arena was designed by Grad Partnership and Dilullo, Ostroki & Partners and was constructed at a cost of $85 million; the structural engineers for this project was Leslie E. Robertson Associates. Named after the sitting governor of New Jersey, Brendan Byrne, the arena opened July 2, 1981 with the first of six concerts by New Jersey rock musician Bruce Springsteen; this was followed by an ice show that month, The Rolling Stones followed with three shows in early November 1981. While the official name of the arena was "Brendan Byrne Arena", on television it was referred to as "The Meadowlands."The Nets moved into their new home on October 30, 1981, lost to their cross-river rivals, the New York Knicks in their inaugural home game by a score of 103–99. The Nets' first win at the arena was on November 8, 1981, against the Indiana Pacers, where the Nets defeated them 89–86. Byrne Arena hosted the NBA All-Star Game that season on January 31, 1982.
During that season, the Nets played their first two playoff games at the arena, only to be swept 2-0 by the Washington Bullets. The Nets' first playoff game win at the arena came on May 5, 1984, in game four of the Eastern Conference Semifinals; the Nets defeated the Milwaukee Bucks 106–99. It wasn't until May 2002, when the Nets won their first playoff series at the arena, they defeated the Indiana Pacers 120–109 and won the first round 3-2. Another reason for the building of the arena in the Meadowlands was to lure a National Hockey League team to New Jersey. Governor Byrne was a member of an ownership group, looking to do so, in 1978 businessman Arthur Imperatore purchased the Colorado Rockies of the NHL and announced that he would be moving the team out of McNichols Sports Arena in Denver and relocating them to New Jersey; the NHL rejected the move as the arena was yet to be completed and, unlike the situation when the Nets moved, there was no arena in New Jersey at that time that would fit NHL standards as a temporary home.
Imperatore sold the team to Houston Astros owner Dr. John McMullen in 1982; when the arena was completed McMullen, a native New Jerseyan like Imperatore, announced that he had big plans for the team, including the long-planned move, in the off-season the Rockies moved operations to New Jersey, where they became known as the Devils. The first NHL game played at Byrne Arena pitted the Devils against the Pittsburgh Penguins on October 5, 1982, the game ended in a 3–3 tie. Don Lever scored the first Devils' goal in the arena; the Devils' first win at the arena was on October 8, 1982, against their cross-river rivals, the New York Rangers, where the Devils defeated them 3–2. The next season, the NHL All-Star Game was hosted by the Devils at the arena, it was not until April 9, 1988, when the arena hosted its first Stanley Cup playoff game against the New York Islanders. The Devils defeated the Islanders 3–0, a game, the Devils' first playoff game victory at the arena. Five days the Devils won their first playoff series at the Meadowlands Arena by defeating the Islanders 6–5 in game six of the Patrick Division semifinals.
On January 4, 1996, the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority announced a naming rights deal with Continental Airlines under which the airline, with a hub at nearby Newark Liberty International
The Memphis Pyramid known as the Great American Pyramid referred to as the Pyramid Arena and locally referred to as The Pyramid, was built as a 20,142-seat arena located in downtown Memphis, in the U. S. state of Tennessee, at the banks of the Mississippi River. The facility was built in 1991 and was owned and operated jointly by the city of Memphis and Shelby County, its structure plays on the city's namesake in Egypt, known for its ancient pyramids. It has base sides of 591 feet; the Memphis Pyramid has not been used as a sports or entertainment venue since 2004. In 2015, the Pyramid re-opened as a Bass Pro Shops "megastore", which includes shopping, a hotel, restaurants, a bowling alley, an archery range, with an outdoor observation deck adjacent to its apex; the "Great American Pyramid" was conceived by Mark C. Hartz, a Memphis artist in about 1954; the project included three pyramids located on the south bluffs of Memphis overlooking the Mississippi River. The largest of the three would have been two-third scale of the Great Pyramid of Giza near Memphis, Egypt.
The project languished for three decades until Mark's younger son, Memphian Jon Brent Hartz, resurrected the concept. Mark C. Hartz, well known for his architectural renderings, rendered a new bronze glass-glazed pyramid. After years of negotiations, the younger Hartz's concept was adopted by entrepreneur John Tigrett as a symbol for the city of Memphis; the groundbreaking ceremony was held on September 15, 1989 and the building was opened on November 9, 1991. The construction of the building was managed by Sidney Shlenker, part owner of the Denver Nuggets and several entertainment companies, who Tigrett had brought to Memphis to develop tourist attractions in the building. There were plans for a shortwave radio station broadcasting Memphis music, an observation deck with an inclinator along the side of the building, a Hard Rock Cafe, a music museum, a theme park on Mud Island along with other things. However, the plans were scrapped because of a fallout between Tigrett and Shlenker and the latter's financial difficulties.
The Pyramid was the home court for the University of Memphis men's basketball program, for the National Basketball Association's Memphis Grizzlies. However, both teams left The Pyramid in November 2004 to move into the newly built FedExForum, it was home to the Memphis Pharaohs of the AFL. The arena hosted the 1993 Great Midwest Conference Men's and Women's basketball tournaments, the 1994 and 1997 Southeastern Conference men's basketball tournament, the 1996 and 2000 Conference USA men's basketball tournament, the 2003 Conference USA women's basketball tournament, it held the first and second rounds of the NCAA Tournament in 1995, 1997, 2001. Singer Mary J. Blige performed at the arena in September 1997 during her Share My World Tour; the Pyramid was the site in 1999 of the WWF St. Valentine's Day Massacre: In Your House pay-per-view, it hosted the boxing mega-fight between Lennox Lewis and Mike Tyson in 2002, which Lewis won by a knockout in the eighth round. From 2002 to 2006, the annual Church of God in Christ international holy convocations were held here.
In 2002, the arena hosted a concert. Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band performed what is reputed to be the last concert in the Pyramid, on February 3, 2007. Filmmaker Craig Brewer used the building as a sound stage for his film Black Snake Moan in late 2005. On the Pyramid's opening night, the arena floor flooded because of inadequate drainage pumps, causing stage hands to sandbag the entire perimeter to preserve the electrical runs under the stage; the death bell for the arena sounded. The Pyramid was thought to be more than suitable for an NBA team, but it was discovered that it needed to be upgraded in order to be a viable NBA arena; the cost of upgrading to NBA standards made it more practical to build a new arena. As a result, the $250 million FedExForum was built and opened in 2004; the City of Memphis's contract with the Grizzlies forbade the use of The Pyramid without the team's approval, as a result, it went dark. A committee headed by Memphis businessman Scott Ledbetter studied possible uses of the arena in 2005, considered such uses as converting the arena into a casino, an aquarium, a shopping mall, or an indoor theme park.
In November 2006, Congressman-Elect Steve Cohen suggested that he would attempt to open a "Mid-American branch" of the Smithsonian Institution in the building. However, these plans were never realized. In the end, the Ledbetter committee on the building's future recommended that it be used for "destination retail" which would create more jobs and new tax revenues. In October 2005, media speculation began to focus on an aquarium or a Bass Pro Shops superstore as the most long-term tenants of the arena. In 2008, the city and Bass Pro Shops reached a "tentative" agreement, short on details, but based on an intent to develop the then-abandoned structure. On June 30, 2010, after 5 years of negotiating, Bass Pro and the City of Memphis signed an agreement for a 55-year lease for a Bass Pro Shops megastore. In addition, the redevelopment plans include revitalizing the Pinch District, the neighborhood east of the Pyramid; the city invested $30 million and hired O. T. Marshall Ar
University of Dayton Arena is a 13,435-seat multi-purpose arena located in Dayton, Ohio. The arena opened in 1969, it is home to the University of Dayton Flyers basketball teams. From 2001 to 2010, the facility hosted the annual "play-in" game in the NCAA men's basketball tournament which featured the teams rated 64th and 65th in the tournament field. Beginning in 2011, when the tournament expanded to four opening round games, the arena continued to host all "first four" games. Overall, the arena has hosted more men's NCAA Division I basketball tournament games than any other venue; the playing court is known as Blackburn Court, named after historic UD coach Tom Blackburn. The Donoher Center expansion on the southwest corner of the arena was completed in 1998. Named for former Flyers basketball coach Don Donoher, the Center provides an NBA-caliber facility for conditioning and game preparation; the arena was extensively renovated during the summer of 2002. The additions include new and expanded concession areas, luxury boxes, disabled access improvements, a restaurant/bar named the Time-Warner Flight Deck.
Because of this, the venue was awarded the 2003 and 2004 Atlantic 10 Conference men's basketball tournaments. In 2010, four new video screens by Daktronics were installed, one in each of the arena's four corners. Following the 2016-2017 basketball season, a 3-year renovation project began at UD arena; the renovation includes updated seating, a new four-sided video board above center court, new club seating, new corner terrace suites, updated bathrooms, new ticket office location, improved arena Wi-Fi. These renovations are expected to be completed by 2020; the arena has been hailed by sportscasters and opponent coaches alike as one of the greatest venues in college basketball. Since its opening in 1969, over 14 million visitors have witnessed events at the arena. In 2002, the arena was the site of the first high-definition television broadcast for ESPN. UD Arena has long been reckoned as one of the most hostile arenas in the nation, has been hailed as one of the greatest basketball atmospheres in all of college basketball.
As of 2017, the University of Dayton has ranked in the top 25 in the nation for attendance at the arena 21 times. 10th during 1972, 1974. 17th during 1978. 18th during 2005. 20th during 1979, 1987. 21st during 1985, 1986. 22nd during 1980, 2017. 23rd during 2002, 2006. 24th during 1988, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2015. 25th during 1981, 1984, 2004, 2016. The arena has hosted NCAA Tournament games 24 times. Along with its hosting duties for the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Opening Round game, it served as the host of the Midwestern Collegiate Conference men's basketball conference tournament from 1989 to 1991 and was the host of the Atlantic Ten Basketball tournament in 2003 and 2004; the arena hosted the Opening Round game through 2010, when it was a regional venue for the women's tournament. It became the first location for the revised opening round of four games for the men's tournament in March 2011; the University of Dayton Arena hosted second- and third-round games of the 2013 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament as well as the four opening-round games of the 2011, 2012 and 2013 tournaments.
Through March 15, 2018, it has hosted 119 games in the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament over its history, making it the most used venue to host NCAA Men's Tournament games ahead of Kansas City's Municipal Auditorium which has hosted 83. The University of Dayton Arena is the largest indoor arena between Cincinnati and Columbus, as a result it is a regular stop for concert tours. Elton John, Elvis Presley, Rush, Bob Seger, Mötley Crüe, George Strait, Kenny Chesney, Lupe Fiasco, Jay-Z and other performers have performed at this arena, it has been host to the Winter Guard International color guard, indoor percussion and winds World Championships since 2005, sporadically prior to that. It hosted the Royal Hanneford Circus for most of the 1990s. World Wrestling Entertainment has hosted matches at the UD Arena since the 1980s; the University of Dayton holds its graduation ceremonies at the arena. List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas daytonflyers.com: UD Arena College Sporting News UD Arena Interactive Seating Chart
Albany, New York
Albany is the capital of the U. S. state of New York and the seat of Albany County. Albany is located on the west bank of the Hudson River 10 miles south of its confluence with the Mohawk River and 135 miles north of New York City. Albany is known for its rich history, culture and institutions of higher education. Albany constitutes the economic and cultural core of the Capital District of New York State, which comprises the Albany–Schenectady–Troy, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area, including the nearby cities and suburbs of Troy and Saratoga Springs. With a 2013 Census-estimated population of 1.1 million the Capital District is the third-most populous metropolitan region in the state. As of the 2010 census, the population of Albany was 97,856; the area that became Albany was settled by Dutch colonists who in 1614, built Fort Nassau for fur trading and, in 1624, built Fort Orange. In 1664, the English took over the Dutch settlements, renaming the city as Albany, in honor of the Duke of Albany, the future James II of England and James VII of Scotland.
The city was chartered in 1686 under English rule. It became the capital of New York in 1797 following formation of the United States. Albany is one of the oldest surviving settlements of the original British thirteen colonies, is the longest continuously chartered city in the United States. During the late 18th century and throughout most of the 19th, Albany was a center of trade and transportation; the city lies toward the north end of the navigable Hudson River, was the original eastern terminus of the Erie Canal connecting to the Great Lakes, was home to some of the earliest railroad systems in the world. In the 1920s, a powerful political machine controlled by the Democratic Party arose in Albany. In the latter part of the 20th century, Albany experienced a decline in its population due to urban sprawl and suburbanization. In the early 21st century, Albany has experienced growth in the high-technology industry, with great strides in the nanotechnology sector. Albany is one of the oldest surviving European settlements from the original thirteen colonies and the longest continuously chartered city in the United States.
The Hudson River area was inhabited by Algonquian-speaking Mohican, who called it Pempotowwuthut-Muhhcanneuw, meaning "the fireplace of the Mohican nation." Based to the west along the Mohawk River, the Iroquoian-speaking Mohawk referred to it as Sche-negh-ta-da, or "through the pine woods," referring to the path they took there. The Mohawk were one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Haudenosaunee, became strong trading partners with the Dutch and English, it is the Albany area was visited by European fur traders as early as 1540, but the extent and duration of those visits has not been determined. Permanent European claims began when Englishman Henry Hudson, exploring for the Dutch East India Company on the Half Moon, reached the area in 1609, claiming it for the United Netherlands. In 1614, Hendrick Christiaensen built Fort Nassau, a fur-trading post and the first documented European structure in present-day Albany. Commencement of the fur trade provoked hostility from the French colony in Canada and among the natives, all of whom vied to control the trade.
In 1618, a flood ruined the fort on Castle Island. Both forts were named in honor of the Dutch royal House of Orange-Nassau. Fort Orange and the surrounding area were incorporated as the village of Beverwijck in 1652. In these early decades of trade, the Dutch and Mohawk developed relations that reflected differences among their three cultures; when New Netherland was captured by the English in 1664, the name was changed from Beverwijck to Albany in honor of the Duke of Albany. Duke of Albany was a Scottish title given since 1398 to a younger son of the King of Scots; the name is derived from Alba, the Gaelic name for Scotland. The Dutch regained Albany in August 1673 and renamed the city Willemstadt. On November 1, 1683, the Province of New York was split into counties, with Albany County being the largest. At that time the county included all of present New York State north of Dutchess and Ulster Counties in addition to present-day Bennington County, theoretically stretching west to the Pacific Ocean.
Albany was formally chartered as a municipality by provincial Governor Thomas Dongan on July 22, 1686. The Dongan Charter was identical in content to the charter awarded to the city of New York three months earlier. Dongan created Albany as a strip of land 16 miles long. Over the years Albany would lose much of the land to the annex land to the north and south. At this point, Albany had a population of about 500 people. In 1754, representatives of seven British North American colonies met in the Stadt Huys, Albany's city hall, for the Albany Congress. Although it was never adopted by Parliament, it was an important precursor to the United States Constitution; the same year, the fourth in a series of wars dating back to 1689, began.
1994–95 UCLA Bruins men's basketball team
The 1994–95 UCLA Bruins men's basketball team represented the University of California, Los Angeles in the 1994–95 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. The Bruins were led by Jim Harrick in his seventh season as head coach, they played their home games at the Pauley Pavilion as member of the Pac-10 Conference. They finished the season 17 -- 1 in Pac-10 play to win the regular season championship, they received the conference's automatic bid to the NCAA Tournament as the No. 1 seed in the West region. They defeated Florida International, Mississippi State, UConn to advance to the Final Four. There they defeated Oklahoma State and Arkansas to win the National Championship, marking the school's 11th title, it was the first title since the 1975 Championship and since the retirement of head coach John Wooden. The team featured seniors Ed O'Bannon, Tyus Edney, George Zidek. Little-used reserve Bob Myers is now general manager of the NBA's Golden State Warriors. Source: February 26, 1995 – Ed O'Bannon had 37 points in UCLA's win over Duke, 100–77 at Pauley Pavilion.
March 19, 1995 – Tyus Edney scored a full-court dash basket for a win over Missouri with 4.8 seconds remaining in the second round game of the NCAA championship tournament. April 3, 1995 – Ed O'Bannon scored 30 points and grabbed 17 rebounds and is named the tournament's Most Outstanding Player as the Bruins win the championship 89–78 over Arkansas. Cameron Dollar played 36 minutes and contributed eight assists and four steals while filling in for an injured Edney, who did not return after leaving with 17:23 left in the first half; the Bruins enjoyed the biggest lead 34–26 in the first half, but led only by a point at halftime 40–39. Jim Harrick, Naismith College Coach of the Year Ed O'Bannon, NCAA Men's MOP Award, John R. Wooden Award, consensus first-team All-American 1994–95 UCLA Bruins at Sports-Reference.com Tyus Edney's Game Winning Shot Against Missouri with 4.8 Seconds Left on YouTube