SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

2009 Shanxi mine blast

The Shanxi mine blast was a pre-dawn explosion that occurred in a mine in Gujiao city near Taiyuan, the capital of Shanxi province of China on 21 February 2009. Four hundred and thirty six were in the mine at the time of the explosion. According to the state-run Xinhua News Agency, rescue efforts concluded at 6 p.m. February 22 with all trapped miners located. Many of the injured are being treated for carbon monoxide poisoning; the death toll indicates that this is the most lethal accident reported in China's mining industry since December 2007, when 105 people died in a mine explosion—that accident took place in Shanxi. The pre-dawn explosion occurred at 2:17 a.m. as 436 workers were in the Tunlan Coal Mine in Gujiao city. Xinhua News Agency reported that over four hundred men were working when the explosion occurred but that most escaped unhindered and unhurt. One hundred rescuers worked at the scene in Gujiao city. China Central TV broadcast footage of rescuers in orange suits and red helmets with headlamps entering an elevator where they were lowered into the mine shaft as injured miners were taken into ambulances.

A fire in the shaft was said to be blocking the progress of the rescuers. There were reports of trapped miners using mobile phones to call relatives to discuss their plight. A two-minute silence is planned in recognition of the dead on the 25th of February; the involved mine is owned by Xishan Coal Electricity Group of Shanxi Coking Coal Group, one of China's largest producers of coking coal, a material used in the production of steel. The company operates twenty-eight mines. No accidents were reported at the Tunlan mine in the previous decade before this incident, it was considered a safe mine at which to work; the mine produces five million tons of coking coal per year. China has the world's deadliest mining industry, with the deaths of 3,200 people reported in 2008; this represents a 15% decline from the previous year. Government figures show that nearly 80 % of China's 16,000 mines are illegal operations. 2005 Sunjiawan mine disaster 2007 Shandong coal mine flood Benxihu Colliery Nanshan Colliery disaster

Ichthyophis dulitensis

Ichthyophis dulitensis is a species of caecilian in the family Ichthyophiidae. It is endemic to Borneo and only known from near its type locality, Mount Dulit in northern Sarawak, after which it is named. Described by Edward Harrison Taylor in 1960, the holotype was collected by Charles Hose in 1891, it is a poorly known species with uncertain taxonomic status. Common name Mount Dulit caecilian has been coined for it. Ichthyophis dulitensis is a moderately slender caecilian; the holotype measures 235 mm in snout -- about 8 mm in average body width. The head is 11 mm long; the eyes are small with black iris. Tail is short, 5.6 mm. The skin has about 313 ring-shaped folds; the throat has a creamy spot. The holotype was collected from Mount Dulit at 610 m above sea level, it inhabits tropical moist forest. Adults are subterranean; the threats to this species are unknown