Paris Opera Ballet
The Paris Opera Ballet is an integral part of the Paris Opera and the oldest national ballet company. Together with the Moscow Bolshoi Ballet and the London Royal Ballet it is regarded as one of the three most preeminent ballet companies in the world, since August 2016 the company has been under the direction of Aurélie Dupont, the Directrice de la Danse. The ballet company consists of 154 dancers, among them 17 Danseurs Étoiles, the principal dancer give 180 dance performances each year, primarily at the Palais Garnier. Just as prestigious as the Paris Opera Ballet is its dance school and its former pupils have won a record of 20 Benois de la Danse awards. The school celebrated its tercentennial in 2013, the competition for admission to both institutions is extremely fierce. To be admitted there, to pass the competitive examinations in May. As its Ballet School is excellent and graduates many young dancers who are or the most part French, the Paris Opera has had many different official names during its long history but since 1994 has been called the Opéra National de Paris.
The Paris Opera Ballet had its origins in the earlier dance institutions, traditions, of particular importance were the series of comédies-ballets created by Molière with, among others, the choreographers and composers Pierre Beauchamps and Jean-Baptiste Lully. The first was Les Fâcheux in 1661 and the most important, many of these were performed by Molières company at the public Théâtre du Palais-Royal in Paris, which was to become the first permanent home of the opera company and the opera ballet. Also in 1661, Louis XIV had founded the Académie Royale de Danse in an effort to improve the quality of instruction for court entertainments. Members of the academy, as well as the teachers who were certified by it, and their students, participated in the creation of the ballets for the court, Molière. In 1680, Beauchamps became the chancellor of the Académie Royale de Danse, although the Académie Royale de Danse and the Opera were closely connected, the two institutions remained separate, and the former disappeared with the fall of the monarchy in 1789.
On 28 June 1669, Louis XIV granted a privilege to the poet Pierre Perrin giving him a monopoly to form an academy for the performance of opera in French. In 1672, Lully purchased Perrins privilege and obtained new letters patent limiting the use of musicians and this work consisted primarily of excerpts from Lullys prior court ballets connected with new entrées choreographed by des Brosses. A crucial difference, from the court ballets was that the members of the court no longer participated. Lullys next production, Cadmus et Hermione, the first tragédie lyrique, the ballets for these works were created by Beauchamps, des Brosses, and dOlivet. It was he, and not des Brosses or Beauchamps, whom Lully engaged for the ballets ordinaires and it was dOlivet who composed the ballet of the old men in Thesée, of the baneful dreams in Atys, and of the tremblers in Isis. This last was composed solely of pantomimic gestures by men seized with cold, initially the dancers of the Paris Opera Ballet were all male
Clinton Clint Eastwood Jr. is an American actor, filmmaker and political figure. These roles, among others, have made Eastwood an enduring icon of masculinity. For his work in the Western film Unforgiven and the sports drama Million Dollar Baby, Eastwood won Academy Awards for Best Director and Best Picture, as well as receiving nominations for Best Actor. Eastwoods greatest commercial successes have been the adventure comedy Every Which Way But Loose and its sequel, the war drama biopic American Sniper set box office records for the largest January release ever and was the largest opening ever for an Eastwood film. Eastwood received considerable praise in France for several films, including some that were not well received in the United States. Eastwood has been awarded two of Frances highest honors, in 1994 he became a recipient of the Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, in 2000, Eastwood was awarded the Italian Venice Film Festival Golden Lion for lifetime achievement. Since 1967, Eastwood has run his own company, Malpaso.
Starting in 1986, Eastwood served for two years as Mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, a non-partisan office, Eastwood was born Clinton Eastwood Jr. May 31,1930, in San Francisco, the son of Clinton Eastwood Sr. and he has one younger sister, Jeanne Bernhardt. Eastwood is of English, Irish and Dutch ancestry and he is descended from Mayflower passenger William Bradford, and through this line is the 12th generation of his family born in North America and the 13th generation to live in North America. His family moved often as his father worked at jobs along the West Coast, settled in Piedmont, the Eastwoods lived in a very wealthy part of town, had a swimming pool, belonged to the country club, and each parent drove their own car. Clint attended Piedmont Junior High School, shortly before he was to enter Piedmont High School, he rode his bike on the schools sports field and tore up the wet turf, this resulted in his being asked not to enroll. Clint graduated from the airplane shop, I think that was his major, joked classmate Don Kincaid.
Another high school friend, Don Loomis, echoed I dont think he was spending much time at school because he was having a pretty good time elsewhere. I think what happened is he just went off and started having a good time, I just dont think he finished high school, explained Fritz Manes, a boyhood friend two years younger than Eastwood, who remained associated with him until their falling out in the mid-1980s. Biographer Patrick McGilligan notes that high school records are a matter of strict legal confidentiality. Eastwood worked at a number of jobs, including lifeguard, paper carrier, grocery clerk, forest firefighter, Eastwood has said that he tried to enroll at Seattle University but was drafted into the United States Army during the Korean War. He always dropped the Korean War reference, hoping everyone would conclude that he was in combat, hed been a lifeguard at Fort Ord in northern California for his entire stint in the military, commented Eastwoods former longtime companion, Sondra Locke
Absolute Power (film)
Absolute Power is a 1997 American political thriller film produced by, directed by, and starring Clint Eastwood as a master jewel thief who witnesses the killing of a woman by Secret Service agents. The screenplay by William Goldman is based on the 1996 novel Absolute Power by David Baldacci, screened at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival, the film stars Gene Hackman, Ed Harris, Laura Linney, Judy Davis, Scott Glenn and Dennis Haysbert. It was the last screen appearance of E. G. Marshall, Walter Sullivan is Richmonds friend and financial supporter and the owner of the mansion Luther has broken into. Hiding behind a mirror, Luther watches as Richmond becomes sexually violent towards Christy when he playfully slaps her across the face. When she retaliates by slapping him back, Richmond becomes angry, when she attacks him with a letter opener in self-defense, Secret Service agents Bill Burton and Tim Collin shoot her to death. Chief of Staff Gloria Russell arrives and makes the scene appear as if a burglar killed Sullivans wife, Luther escapes with some valuables as well as the bloody letter opener.
The next day, Detective Seth Frank begins his investigation of the crime, just as Luther is about to flee the country, he sees President Richmond on television, publicly commiserating with Walter on his loss. Incensed by the sympathy, Luther decides to bring the President to justice. Meanwhile, Burton asks Frank to keep him informed about the case while a Secret Service agent wiretaps Franks office telephone, Luthers estranged daughter Kate, who works as a prosecutor, accompanies Detective Frank to Luthers home to search for clues. Photographs in the house indicate that Luther has secretly been watching her for years and she still suspects Luther of the crime, and therefore agrees to set him up. Frank guarantees Luthers safety, but through the wiretap Burton learns of the plan, someone tips off Walter, who hires a hitman to kill Luther. The two snipers, each unaware of the other, try to shoot Luther when he arrives at a cafe to meet his daughter. But they both miss, and Luther escapes through the police cordon because he came prepared, wearing the uniform of a police officer beneath his coat, Luther explains to Kate exactly how Christy was killed, and by whom.
Luther begins to taunt Chief of Staff Russell, first by sending her a photograph of the letter opener, correctly suspecting that Kate knows the truth, President Richmond elects to have her killed. Luther learns from Detective Frank that the Secret Service has taken over surveillance of Kate and he arrives at her jogging path just moments after Collin has used his SUV to push her and her car off a cliff. Collin tries to kill her again at the hospital, approaching her bed with a poison-filled syringe, who lies in waiting, subdues Collin by jabbing him in the neck with a syringe of his own. Collin pleads for mercy, but Luther says hes fresh out, Luther finds out that Sullivan gave no reason publicly why Christy stayed home, on the night of her murder, Christy said to Richmond that she told Walter she was sick. He incapacitates Walters chauffeur and replaces him, telling Walter what happened on the night of the murder, Walter is unconvinced until Luther explains how Richmond lied in a speech by citing Christys excuse for staying home, which he could only have learned from her
Gary Leonard Oldman is an English actor, filmmaker and author who has performed in theatre and television. He is known for his big acting style and on-screen diversity, Oldman began acting on stage in 1979, and gained his first starring film role in Meantime. Identified in the late 1980s with the Brit Pack, he was described by critic Roger Ebert as the best young British actor around and he meanwhile gave a critically acclaimed reading of Ludwig van Beethoven in Immortal Beloved. Motion pictures in which he has starred have grossed over $10.6 billion, in 2011, Empire readers voted Oldman the recipient of the Empire Icon Award. He will portray Winston Churchill in Darkest Hour, Oldman was born in New Cross, the son of Leonard Bertram Oldman, a former sailor who worked as a welder, and Kathleen Cheriton. He has stated that Leonard was an alcoholic who left the family when Oldman was seven years old, Oldman attended West Greenwich School in Deptford, leaving school at the age of 16 to work in a sports shop.
He was a pianist as a child, and a singer, in a 1995 interview with Charlie Rose, Oldman said, Something about Malcolm just arrested me, and I connected, and I said, I wanna do that. Growing up in south London, Oldman supported his local football club Millwall, and I knew that my dad was involved somehow with the reserve team. But two weeks ago my mum said, Oh yeah, your dad played for Millwall, when he was young he had a couple of first team games. He won a scholarship to attend the Rose Bruford College in Sidcup, Southeast London, Oldman describes himself as shy although a diligent worker during his time at Rose Bruford, where he performed roles such as Puck in the performance of Shakespeares A Midsummer Nights Dream. After leaving school, Oldman was the first in his class to receive professional work, Oldman stated on The South Bank Show that it had nothing to do with being better than someone else, rather his diligence and application. When asked by Charlie Rose if he had reminded RADA of this and he made his professional stage debut in 1979 as Puss, alongside Michael Simkins and Peter Howitt, in Dick Whittington and His Cat, at Yorks Theatre Royal.
The play ran in Colchester, with Glasgows Citizens Theatre, Oldmans work ethic, from 1980 to 1981, he appeared in The Massacre at Paris, Desperado Corner, and Robert David MacDonalds plays Chinchilla and A Waste of Time. He performed in a 6-month West End run of MacDonalds Summit Conference, opposite Glenda Jackson, that year, Oldman made his film debut in Colin Greggs Remembrance, and would have starred in Don Boyds Gossip if that film had not collapsed. The following year, he landed a role as a skinhead in Mike Leighs film Meantime. Afterwards, he went to Westcliffe to star in Saved, Saved proved to be a major breakthrough for Oldman. Max Stafford-Clark, artistic director of the Royal Court Theatre, had seen Oldmans performance and cast him as Scopey, Oldman was a member of the Royal Shakespeare Company from 1985 to 1986. The 1984 production of The Popes Wedding had been seen by director Alex Cox and he twice turned down the role before accepting it, because, in his own words, I wasnt really that interested in Sid Vicious and the punk movement
Atom Egoyan, CC is a Canadian director, writer and former actor. Egoyan made his breakthrough with Exotica, a film set primarily in. Egoyans most critically acclaimed film is the drama The Sweet Hereafter and his work often explores themes of alienation and isolation, featuring characters whose interactions are mediated through technology, bureaucracy or other power structures. Egoyans films often follow non-linear plot structures, in events are placed out of sequence in order to elicit specific emotional reactions from the audience by withholding key information. In 2008, Egoyan received the Dan David Prize for Creative Rendering of the Past, Egoyan received the Governor Generals Performing Arts Award, Canadas highest royal honour in the performing arts, in 2015. Egoyan was born Atom Yeghoyan in Cairo, the son of Shushan and Joseph Yeghoyan and his parents were Armenian-Egyptians, and he was named Atom to mark the completion of Egypts first nuclear reactor. In 1962, his parents left Egypt for Canada and his sister, now a concert pianist based in Toronto, were raised by their parents in British Columbia.
As a boy, Egoyan wished for assimilation into Canadian society, years later, when he attended the University of Toronto, he began to study Armenian history. As a teenager, he interested in reading and writing plays. Significant influences included Samuel Beckett and Harold Pinter, in that interview, he said, It gave me an incredible respect for the medium and its possibilities. To me, Persona marries a pure form and a profound vision with absolute conviction. I felt that it was able to open a door that wasn’t there before and he graduated from Trinity College at the University of Toronto. It was at Trinity College that Egoyan came into contact with Harold Nahabedian, in interviews Egoyan credited Nahabedian for introducing him to the language and history of his ethnic heritage. Egoyan wrote for the University of Torontos independent weekly, The Newspaper, Egoyan has directed 15 full-length films, several television episodes, and a few shorter pieces. His early work was based on his own material, in 1984, his debut film Next of Kin world-premiered at the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg and won a major prize.
His commercial breakthrough came with the film Exotica and he received the Grand Prix in Brussels. The film Ararat generated much publicity for Egoyan, after Henri Verneuils French-language film Mayrig, it was the first major motion picture to deal directly with the Armenian Genocide. Ararat won the Best Picture prize at the Genie Awards, in 2004, Egoyan opened Camera Bar, a 50-seat cinema-lounge on Queen Street West in Toronto
Mathieu Kassovitz is a French director, producer and actor probably best known in Anglophone countries for his role as Nino Quincampoix in Amélie. Kassovitz is the founder of MNP Entreprise, a production company. He has won three César Awards, Most Promising Actor for See How They Fall, and Best Film and he received Best Director and Best Writing nominations. Kassovitz was born in Paris, the son of Chantal Rémy, an editor, and Peter Kassovitz. His mother is a French Roman Catholic, and his father is a Hungarian Jew who left during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, as a filmmaker, Kassovitz has made several artistic and commercial successes. He wrote and directed La Haine, a film dealing with themes around class, violence, the film won the César Award for Best Film and netted Kassovitz the Best Director prize at the 1995 Cannes Film Festival. He used the money he made from Gothika to develop a far more personal project Babylon Babies, Kassovitz established the film production firm MNP Entreprise in 2000 to develop and produce feature films by Kassovitz and to represent him as a director and actor.
MNP Entreprise is responsible for the co-productions of a number of films including Avida in which Kassovitz acts, Kassovitz purchased the film rights for the novel Johnny Mad Dog by Congolese writer Emmanuel Dongala. The film was co-produced by MNP Entreprise, and directed by Jean-Stéphane Sauvaire, the premiere of the film was made at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival where it was screened within the Un Certain Regard section. In 2011, he starred in and directed Rebellion, a war based on a true story of French commandos who clashed with tribes in New Caledonia. His future project science fiction film MNP is named after Mir Space Station, whose writing in Cyrillic letters look like the letters MNP, Kassovitz is most famous outside France for his acting role as Nino Quincampoix in Jean-Pierre Jeunets film Amélie. Among many other credits, he had roles in La Haine, Birthday Girl. He played a role in Amen. by Costa-Gavras. Kassovitz is recognizable for playing a conflicted Belgian explosives expert in Steven Spielbergs controversial 2005 film Munich, alongside Eric Bana, Kassovitz was a jury member for the 2001 Cannes Film Festival.
Kassovitz was married to French actress Julie Mauduech, whom he directed and acted alongside in his 1993 film Métisse, Kassovitz has two children with his former partner, actress Aurore Lagache. In 2009, Kassovitz won with Tesla Roadster the Rallye Monte Carlo des Véhicules à Énergie Alternative in the category reserved to electric vehicles, Kassovitz is known for his outspokenness, frequently making controversial comments on socio-political issues. Sarkozy stirred controversy and outrage when he said the rioters were rabble, in a 2012 interview, he labeled the outgoing Sarkozy administration as horrible. Official website Mathieu Kassovitz at the Internet Movie Database
The Eel (film)
The Eel is a 1997 film directed by Shohei Imamura and starring Kōji Yakusho, Misa Shimizu, Mitsuko Baisho, and Akira Emoto. The film is based on the novel On Parole by celebrated author Akira Yoshimura. It shared the Palme dOr at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival with Taste of Cherry and it won the 1998 Kinema Junpo Award for Best Film of the Year. Acting on the advice of a note, Takuro Yamashita returns home early one night to find his wife in bed with another man. He kills her and himself in to the police. After being released from prison, he opens a barber shop and he helps save Keiko Hattori from a suicide attempt, resulting in her working at the shop. She starts developing feelings for him, but he acts nonchalant. Takuro recognizes the local garbageman from prison and the starts to stalk Takuro and Keiko. He attempts to rape Keiko and leaves a letter revealing Takuros past on the door of his barber shop, Keiko finds out that she is pregnant with the baby of Eiji Dojima, a loan shark, and that it is too late for an abortion.
One night the garbageman goes to Takuros shop and lectures him, the two get into an altercation and Takuro fends him off. Keiko goes back to her old company, where she is the vice-president and this results in Dojima angrily going to the barber shop, along with henchman, and accusing her of theft since he was planning to reinvest the funds into his business. Dojimas group and Keikos fight, with the revelation that Keiko is pregnant with Takuros child. The police find that Keikos mother never signed power of attorney papers for Dojima, Takuro lets his eel go and accepts a boxed lunch from Keiko, who promises to wait for him with her baby. The Eel at the Internet Movie Database The Eel at the Japanese Movie Database
His film In the Mood for Love, starring Maggie Cheung and Tony Leung, notably garnered widespread critical acclaim. Wong Kar-wai was born on 17 July 1958 in Shanghai, the youngest of three siblings and his father was a sailor and his mother was a housewife. By the time Wong was five years old, the seeds of the Cultural Revolution were beginning to take effect in China and his parents decided to relocate to British-ruled Hong Kong. The two older children were meant to them later, but the borders closed before they had a chance. In Hong Kong, the family settled in the Tsim Sha Tsui district, as a youth, Wong was frequently taken to the cinema by his mother and exposed to a variety of films. He said, The only hobby I had as a child was watching movies, at school he was interested in graphic design, and earned a diploma in the subject from Hong Kong Polytechnic in 1980. After graduating, Wong was accepted onto a course with the TVB television network. He soon began a career, firstly with TV series and soap operas, such as Dont Look Now.
He worked as part of a team, contributing to a variety of genres including romance, thriller and he is credited with ten screenplays between 1982 and 1987, but claims to have worked on about fifty more without official credit. Wong spent two years co-writing the screenplay for Patrick Tams action film Final Victory, for which he was nominated at the 7th Hong Kong Film Awards, by 1987 the Hong Kong film industry was at a peak, enjoying a considerable level of prosperity and productivity. Gangster films were popular at the time, in the wake of John Woos highly-successful A Better Tomorrow, unlike Hong Kongs other crime films, he chose to focus on young gangsters. The film, named As Tears Go By, tells the story of a youth who has to watch over his hot-headed friend. Because he was acquainted with the producer, Alan Tang, Wong was given considerable freedom in the making of As Tears Go By. His cast included what he considered some of the hottest young idols in Hong Kong, singer Andy Lau, Maggie Cheung, as Tears Go By was released in June 1988 and was popular with audiences.
It was a success, as several journalists named Wong among the Hong Kong New Wave. While it was a crime film, critic David Bordwell said that Wong out from his peers by abandoning the kinetics of comedies. As Tears Go By received no attention from Western critics upon its initial release, for his follow-up film, Wong decided to move away from the crime trend in Hong Kong cinema, to which he felt indifferent. He was eager to make something unusual, and the success of As Tears Go By made this possible
Ang Lee OBS is a Taiwanese-born film director and producer. Lees earlier films, such as The Wedding Banquet, Pushing Hands, Lee deals with repressed, hidden emotions in many of his films, including Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, The Ice Storm and Brokeback Mountain. Lees work is known for its charge, which critics believe is responsible for his success in offsetting cultural barriers. Ang Lee was born in a Waishengren family, in a Military dependents village of the Republic of China Armed Forces located at Chaochou, both of Lees parents moved from Mainland China to Taiwan following the Chinese civil war in 1949. He grew up in a household that put emphasis on education. Lee studied in the Provincial Tainan First Senior High School where his father was the principal and he was expected to pass the annual Joint College/University Entrance Examination, the only route to a university education in Taiwan. But after failing the exam twice, to the disappointment of his father, he entered a college, the National Arts School.
His father had wanted him to become a professor, but he had interested in drama. This early frustration set his career on the path of performance art, seeing Ingmar Bergmans film The Virgin Spring was a formative experience for him. Originally, Lee was interested in acting, but his challenges with speaking English made it difficult, at UIUC, Lee met his future wife Jane Lin, a Taiwanese student, who pursued her Ph. D. degree. Thereupon, he enrolled at the Tisch School of the Arts of New York University and he was a classmate of Spike Lee and worked on the crew of his thesis film, Joes Bed-Stuy Barbershop, We Cut Heads. During graduate school, Lee finished a 16mm short film, Shades of the Lake and his own thesis work, a 43-minute drama, Fine Line, won NYUs Wasserman Award for Outstanding Direction and was selected for the Public Broadcasting Service. Lees NYU thesis drew attention from the William Morris Agency, the famous talent, at first, though, WMA found Lee few opportunities, and Lee remained unemployed for six years.
During this time, he was a full-time house-husband, while his wife Jane Lin and this arrangement put enormous pressure on the couple, but with Lins support and understanding, Lee did not abandon his career in film but continued to generate new ideas from movies and performances. He wrote several screenplays during this time, in 1990, Lee submitted two screenplays, Pushing Hands and The Wedding Banquet, to a competition sponsored by Taiwans Government Information Office, and they came in first and second, respectively. The winning screenplays brought Lee to the attention of Li-Kong Hsu, Hsu, a first-time producer, invited Lee to direct Pushing Hands, a full-length feature that debuted in 1991. The Father Knows Best trilogy Pushing Hands was a success in Taiwan both among critics and at the box office and it received eight nominations in the Golden Horse Film Festival, Taiwans premier film festival. In all, this film collected eleven Taiwanese and international awards and these first two movies were based on stories of Chinese Americans, and both were filmed in the US
Mira Katherine Sorvino is an American actress. She came to prominence winning the Academy Award and Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress for her performance as a hooker with a heart of gold in Woody Allens Mighty Aphrodite. She is known for starring in the films Romy and Micheles High School Reunion, The Replacement Killers, Summer of Sam, and Like Dandelion Dust. She received Golden Globe and Emmy nominations for her role in Norma Jean & Marilyn, Sorvino was born in New York City. Her mother, Lorraine Ruth Davis, is a drama therapist for Alzheimers disease patients and she has two siblings and Amanda. Sorvino is of Italian descent on her fathers side, Sorvino was raised in Tenafly, New Jersey, where she wrote and acted in backyard plays with her childhood friend Hope Davis and in theater productions at Dwight-Englewood School. Sorvino was accepted into Harvard University, and studied for one year as a student with CIEE in Beijing, China. In 1989, she graduated from Harvard magna cum laude with a degree in East Asian Studies and she helped found the Harvard-Radcliffe Veritones, one of Harvards co-ed a cappella groups in 1985.
Positive reviews opened doors for her, after small roles in Robert Redfords Quiz Show and Whit Stillmans Barcelona, she was cast in the 1995 Woody Allen film Mighty Aphrodite. Her portrayal of a happy-go-lucky prostitute made her a star, winning her an Academy Award, other credits include Romy and Micheles High School Reunion alongside Lisa Kudrow, At First Sight with Val Kilmer, and Summer of Sam from Spike Lee. She portrayed Marilyn Monroe for the 1996 HBO film Norma Jean & Marilyn, for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe, in 1995, she portrayed Conchita Closson in the BBC miniseries The Buccaneers based on Edith Whartons last novel. In recent years, Sorvino has starred in lower-budget and independent films, in 2006, she received a Golden Globe nomination for her role as an Immigration and Customs Enforcement agent in the Lifetime film Human Trafficking. In February 2008, she guest-starred in the Frozen episode of the television drama House. There was talk of making her character, psychiatrist Cate Milton, a character, however.
She starred in Attack on Leningrad, Multiple Sarcasms alongside Timothy Hutton and Stockard Channing and she was considered for the role of video game heroine Jill Valentine in Resident Evil, Apocalypse before the role was played by British actress Sienna Guillory. In 2012, she starred in the feature film Union Square by Nancy Savoca, the film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival to good reviews. In the same year, Sorvino played the mother of the lead in the adaptation of Wendy Mass’s popular children’s book Jeremy Fink. In 2014, she reappeared as Head Detective Betsy Brannigan on the season of Psych
Philip Michael Ondaatje, CC FRSL, is a Sri Lankan-born Canadian poet, novelist and filmmaker. He is the recipient of literary awards such as the Governor Generals Award, the Giller Prize, the Booker Prize. Ondaatje is an Officer of the Order of Canada, recognizing him as one of Canadas most renowned living authors, along with others like Margaret Atwood. Ondaatjes literary career began with his poetry in 1967, publishing the books The Dainty Monsters, however, he is more recently recognized for his nationally and internationally successful novel The English Patient, which was adapted into a film in 1996. Ondaatje was born in Colombo, Sri Lanka, called Ceylon, in 1943, and is of Dutch and his parents separated when he was just an infant, subsequently living with relatives until 1954 when he joined his mother in England. While in England, Ondaatje pursued secondary education at Dulwich College, after relocating to Canada, Ondaatje studied at Bishops University in Lennoxville, Quebec for three years.
However, in his final year he went on to the University of Toronto where he received a Bachelor of Arts in 1965, in 1967, he received a Master of Arts from Queens University, Ontario. While he was working on his degree at Bishops University, Ondaatjes met his future mentor, the poet D. G Jones. After his formal schooling, Ondaatje began teaching English at the University of Western Ontario in London, in 1971, reluctant to get his Ph. D, he left the position at Western and continued teaching English literature at Glendon College, York University. Ondaatjes work includes fiction, autobiography and film and he has published 13 books of poetry, and won the Governor Generals Award for The Collected Works of Billy the Kid and Theres a Trick With a Knife Im Learning to Do, Poems 1973–1978. Anils Ghost was the winner of the 2000 Giller Prize, the Prix Médicis, the Kiriyama Pacific Rim Book Prize, the English Patient won the Booker Prize, the Canada Australia Prize, and the Governor Generals Award. It was adapted as a picture, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture.
Coming Through Slaughter, is a set in New Orleans, Louisiana circa 1900, loosely based on the lives of jazz pioneer Buddy Bolden. It was the winner of the 1976 Books in Canada First Novel Award, running in the Family is a semi-fictional memoir of his Sri Lankan childhood. Ondaatjes novel Divisadero won the 2007 Governor Generals Award, in 2011 Ondaatje worked with Daniel Brooks to create a play based on this novel. The Collected Works of Billy the Kid, Coming Through Slaughter and Divisadero have been adapted for the stage and produced in theatrical productions across North America, in addition to The English Patient adaptation, Ondaatjes films include a documentary on fellow poet B. P. Nichol, Sons of Captain Poetry, and The Clinton Special, A Film About The Farm Show, on 11 July 1988, Ondaatje was made an Officer of the Order of Canada which was upgraded to grade of companion in 2016, the highest level of the order. In 2005, he was honoured with Sri Lanka Ratna by the former Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga, Sri Lanka Ratna is the highest honour given by the Government of Sri Lanka for foreign nationals
Mike Leigh OBE is an English writer and director of film and theatre. He studied at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art before honing his skills at East 15 Acting School and further at the Camberwell School of Art. He began as a director and playwright in the mid-1960s. In the 1970s and 1980s his career moved between theatre work and making films for BBC Television, many of which were characterised by a gritty kitchen sink realism style. His well-known films include the comedy-dramas Life is Sweet and Career Girls, the Gilbert and Sullivan biographical film Topsy-Turvy, some of his notable stage plays include Smelling A Rat, Its A Great Big Shame, Greek Tragedy, Goose-Pimples and Abigails Party. Leigh is known for his lengthy rehearsal and improvisation techniques with actors to build characters and his purpose is to capture reality and present emotional, intuitive, vulnerable films. His aesthetic has been compared to the sensibility of the Japanese director Yasujirō Ozu. Ian Buruma, writing in The New York Review of Books in January 1994, like other wholly original artists, he has staked out his own territory.
Leighs London is as distinctive as Fellinis Rome or Ozus Tokyo, Leigh was the son of Phyllis Pauline and Alfred Abraham Leigh, a doctor. Leigh was brought up in Broughton, Salford and he is from a Jewish immigrant family whose surname, originally Lieberman, had been anglicised in 1939 for obvious reasons. When the war ended Leighs father began his career as a practitioner in Higher Broughton, the epicentre of Leighs youngest years. Leigh went to Salford Grammar School, as did the director Les Blair, his friend, there was a strong tradition of drama in the all-boys school, and an English master, called Mr Nutter, supplied the library with newly published plays. Outside of school, Leigh thrived in the Manchester branch of Habonim and he attended summer camps and winter activities over the Christmas break all round the country in the late 1950s. Throughout this time, the most important part of his artistic consumption was the cinema, in 1960, to his utter astonishment, he won a scholarship to RADA.
Initially trained as an actor at RADA, Leigh went on to start honing his skills at East 15 Acting School where he met the actress Alison Steadman. Leigh responded negatively to RADAs agenda, found himself being taught how to laugh and snog for weekly rep purposes and so became a sullen student. He attended Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, the Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, the visual worlds of Ronald Searle, George Grosz and William Hogarth exerted another kind of influence. He played small roles in several British films in the early 1960s, in 1964–65 he teamed up with David Halliwell, and designed and directed the first production of Little Malcolm and his Struggle Against the Eunuchs at the Unity Theatre