Kundun is a 1997 epic biographical film written by Melissa Mathison and directed by Martin Scorsese. It is based on the life and writings of Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, the exiled political and spiritual leader of Tibet. Tenzin Thuthob Tsarong, a grandnephew of the Dalai Lama, stars as the adult Dalai Lama, while Tencho Gyalpo, a niece of the Dalai Lama, appears as the Dalai Lama's mother; the film according to Roger Ebert was "made of episodes, not a plot" and he gave the film three stars out of four. Stephen Holden of The New York Times called the film "emotionally remote" but praised its look and its musical score. Richard Corliss score as well. Barry Norman, chief film critic at the BBC opined that Kundun was both beautifully and intelligently made. "Kundun", meaning "presence", is a title. Kundun was released only a few months after Seven Years in Tibet, sharing the latter's location and its depiction of the Dalai Lama at several stages of his youth, though Kundun covers a period three times longer.
The film has a linear chronology with events spanning from 1937 to 1959. It begins with the search for the 14th mindstream emanation of the Dalai Lama. After a vision by Reting Rinpoche several lamas disguised as servants discover a promising candidate: a child born to a farming family in the province of Amdo, near the Chinese border; these and other lamas administer a test to the child in which he must select from various objects the ones that belonged to the previous Dalai Lama. The child passes the test, he and his family are brought to Potala Palace in Lhasa, where he will be installed as Dalai Lama when he comes of age. During the journey, the child becomes homesick and frightened, but is comforted by Reting, who tells him the story of the first Dalai Lama–whom the lamas called "Kundun"; as the film progresses, the boy matures in both learning. After a brief power struggle in which Reting is imprisoned and dies, the Dalai Lama begins taking a more active role in governance and religious leadership.
Meanwhile, the Chinese communists victorious in their revolution, are proclaiming Tibet a traditional part of Imperial China and express their desire to reincorporate it with the newly formed People's Republic of China. Despite Tibet's pleas to the United Nations, the United States, the United Kingdom, India for intervention, Chinese Communist forces invade Tibet; the Chinese are helpful, but when the Tibetans resist Communist reorganization and reeducation of their society, the Chinese become oppressive. Following a series of atrocities suffered by his people, the Dalai Lama resolves to meet with Chairman Mao Zedong in Beijing. While Mao publicly expresses his sympathies to the Tibetan people and the Dalai Lama, insists that changes must be made as the Dalai Lama sees fit, relations deteriorate. During their face-to-face meeting on the final day of the Dalai Lama's visit, Mao makes clear his socialist view that "religion is poison" and that the Tibetans are "poisoned and inferior" because of it.
Upon his return to Tibet, the Dalai Lama learns of more horrors perpetrated against his people, who have by now repudiated their treaty with China and begun guerrilla action against the Chinese. After the Chinese make clear their intention to kill him, the Dalai Lama is convinced by his family and his Lord Chamberlain to flee to India. After consulting the Nechung Oracle about the proper escape route, the Dalai Lama and his staff put on disguises and slip out of Lhasa under cover of darkness. During an arduous journey, throughout which they are pursued by the Chinese, the Dalai Lama becomes ill and experiences two personal visions, first that their trip to India will be propitious and that their eventual return to Tibet will be propitious; the group makes it to a small mountain pass on the Indian border. As the Dalai Lama walks to the guard post, an Indian guard approaches him and inquires: "Are you the Lord Buddha?" The Dalai Lama replies with the film's final line: "I think that I am a reflection, like the moon on water.
When you see me, I try to be a good man, you see yourself." Once the Dalai Lama arrives at his new residence, he unpacks his telescope and steps outside. Erecting it and removing his spectacles, he gazes through it toward the Himalayas–and toward Tibet; the film concludes with two lines printed on screen: "The Dalai Lama has not yet returned to Tibet. He hopes one day to make the journey." The words shimmer into a dissolve upon the black screen. The project began when screenwriter Melissa Mathison, whose best-known work was ET, met with the Dalai Lama and asked him if she could write about his life. According to Turner Classic Movies, "he gave her his blessing and his time, sitting for interviews that became the basis of her script". Most of the film was shot at the Atlas Film Studios in Morocco. All tracks were composed by Philip Glass. Music was conducted by Michael Riesman. Music was produced by Kurt Munkacsi; the Executive Music Producer was Jim Keller. "Sand Mandala" – 4:04 "Northern Tibet" - 3:21 "Dark Kitchen" - 1:32 "Choosing" - 2:!3 "Reting's Eyes" - 2:18 "Potala" - 1:29 "Lord Chamberlain" - 2:43 "Norbu Plays" - 2:12 "Norbulingka" - 2:17 "Chinese Invade" - 7:05 "Fish" - 2:10 "Distraught" - 2:59 "Thirteenth Dalai Lama" - 3:23 "Move to Dungkar" - 5:04 "Projector" - 2:04 "Lhasa at Night" - 1:58 "Escape to India" - 10:05 Even before the film was released, China's lead
The Sweet Hereafter (film)
The Sweet Hereafter is a 1997 Canadian drama film written and directed by Atom Egoyan, starring Ian Holm, Sarah Polley and Bruce Greenwood and adapted from the novel of the same name by Russell Banks. The film tells the story of a school bus accident in a small town that results in the deaths of numerous children. A class-action lawsuit ensues, proving divisive in the community and becoming tied with personal and family issues; the story is inspired by Texas bus crash. It was filmed in British Columbia and Ontario, incorporating a film score with medieval music influences and references to the story of The Pied Piper of Hamelin. Although The Sweet Hereafter was not a box office success, it was critically acclaimed and won three awards, including the Grand Prix, at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival, along with seven Genie Awards, including Best Motion Picture, it received two Academy Award nominations, for Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay. Toronto International Film Festival critics named The Sweet Hereafter one of the top 10 Canadian films of all time.
In the small town of Sam Dent, British Columbia, a school bus hits a patch of ice, runs through a barrier and crashes into a lake, killing 14 children. The grieving parents are approached by an out-of-town lawyer, Mitchell Stephens, haunted by his dysfunctional relationship with his drug-addicted daughter. Stephens persuades the reluctant parents and bus driver Dolores Driscoll to file a class action lawsuit against the town and bus company for damages, arguing that the accident is a result of negligence in constructing the barrier or the bus; the case depends on coaching the few surviving witnesses to say the right things in court Nicole Burnell, a 15-year-old paralyzed from the waist down as a result of the accident. Before the accident, Nicole was an aspiring songwriter and was being sexually abused by her father, Sam. One bereaved parent, Billy Ansel, distrusts pressures Sam to drop the case. In the pretrial deposition, Nicole unexpectedly accuses the bus driver Dolores of speeding, halting the lawsuit given Dolores' lack of deep pockets.
Stephens and Nicole's father know she can do nothing. Two years Stephens sees Driscoll working as a bus driver in a city. Canadian director Atom Egoyan adapted the screenplay after his wife, actress Arsinée Khanjian, suggested he read Russell Banks' The Sweet Hereafter; the novel is inspired by an incident in Alton, Texas in 1989, in which a bus crash killed 21 students, leading to multiple lawsuits. Egoyan found it challenging to acquire the rights, as they had been optioned to another studio, not producing it. Shortly before the option expired, novelist Margaret Atwood suggested to Egoyan that he meet with Banks after the director's success with the film Exotica, Banks was willing to grant him the rights. Egoyan stated he was drawn to filming the novel because he felt film is for "confronting the most extreme things." As an Armenian Canadian, he saw the story as a metaphor for the Armenian Genocide, in which those guilty had not accepted responsibility. In adapting the novel, Egoyan changed the setting from Upstate New York to British Columbia, to help secure Canadian funding.
He added references to the story of The Pied Piper of Hamelin by Robert Browning, to emphasize how Egoyan saw The Sweet Hereafter as a "grim fairy tale". Nicole is seen reading The Pied Piper to children who die in the accident. In that story, the Pied Piper leads all the children away, never to return, after their parents refuse to honour their debt to him. Egoyan wrote a new stanza in the Pied Piper style for the scene in which Nicole testifies Dolores was speeding, in which she describes her father's lips as "frozen as the winter moon". Egoyan made Mitchell Stephens the main character and increased the importance of Stephens' daughter, moved the reveal of incest to in the film; the film was shot on a budget of $5 million. Funding came from the company Alliance Communications. Egoyan assembled many Canadian actors he had worked with in prior films, including Bruce Greenwood, Gabrielle Rose and Sarah Polley. Egoyan explained the benefit of working with a familiar cast, saying "When you’re working on a limited production schedule, it’s a comfort to know that you know the personalities involved, you know what they need as opposed to having to discover that and be surprised by that."Ian Holm was cast as Mitchell Stephens after the actor set to play the character, Donald Sutherland, quit the project.
In casting the part, Egoyan was inspired by Holm's "strangely compassionate, yet furtive and menacing" performance in The Homecoming. Holm explained why he accepted the role, saying, "It's not you get offered a leading role at age 65... This is my first in a movie", afterwards said the film is "very touching" and "a masterpiece". Holm called his part challenging, as it was his first lead, but he found Egoyan and the Canadian actors to be great to work with; the Pied Piper references influenced composer Mychael Danna's music, which uses a Persian ney flute along with old instruments such as recorders and lutes, creating "a pseudo-medieval score". The score thus combined Danna's interests in exotic music. Egoyan stated medieval-style music was used to make the film feel timeless, evoking Brothers Grimm fairy tales and avoiding the feel of a TV movie. Polley's character, Nicole, is an aspiring singer before the accident, is seen on stage performing Jane Siberry's "One More Colour". Danna and Polley cooperated to create Nicole's music, with Polley writing lyrics to Danna's original songs and with Danna arranging the adaptations of "Courage" and "One More Colour
Shall We Dance? (1996 film)
Shall We Dance? is a 1996 Japanese film. Its title refers to the song "Shall We Dance?" which comes from Rodgers and Hammerstein's The King and I. It was directed by Masayuki Suo, it inspired the 2004 American remake of the same name. The film begins with a close-up of the inscription above the stage in the ballroom of the Blackpool Tower: "Bid me discourse, I will enchant thine ear", from the poem Venus and Adonis by William Shakespeare; as the camera pans around the ballroom giving a view of the dancers, a voice-over explains that in Japan, ballroom dancing is treated with suspicion. Shohei Sugiyama is a successful salaryman, with a house in the suburbs, a devoted wife, a teenage daughter, Chikage, he works as an accountant for a firm in Tokyo. Despite these external signs of success, Sugiyama begins to feel as if his life has lost direction and meaning and falls into depression. One night, while coming home on the Seibu Ikebukuro Line, he spots a beautiful woman with a melancholy expression looking out from a window in a dance studio.
This is a well-known figure on the Western ballroom dance circuit. Sugiyama decides to take lessons in order to get to know her better. Sugiyama's life changes. Rather than Mai, his teacher is Tamako Tamura, he meets his classmates: Tōkichi Hattori who joined to impress his wife, Masahiro Tanaka who joined to lose weight. He meets Toyoko Takahashi, another student, he further discovers that one of his colleagues from work Tomio Aoki is a regular at the dance studio. Aoki, balding and mocked at work for his rigid ways, is revealed to be leading a secret life as a long-haired ballroom dancer. Though distant from her, the classes increase his infatuation for Mai, his secret thus becomes twofold: not only must he hide the lessons from his wife, he must hide them from his friends and colleagues as it is considered embarrassing according to traditional Japanese customs to participate in Western ballroom dance. After being rebuffed by Mai, Sugiyama discovers to his surprise that his passion for ballroom dance outweighs his infatuation with her.
Indeed, rather than Mai, gives Sugiyama the meaning in life that he was looking for. Masako, noticing his odd behavior, thinks that he is having an affair — so she hires a private detective to follow him. Meanwhile, along with his classmates, Sugiyama enters an amateur competition – only to find out that his wife, having learned the truth from the detective is in the audience. Surprised by this, he nearly knocks his dance partner to the floor. Though he is able to catch her, he accidentally rips the skirt of her dress off. Both leave the contest, they learn that Tomio won the contest. When Tomio is ridiculed at work after his colleagues read of his success in the newspaper, Sugiyama stands up and tells them not to make fun of something they don't understand. At home, Sugiyama's wife tries to understand her husband's new passion by asking him to teach her to dance as well, he is invited to a good-bye party for Mai, leaving for Blackpool. At the party, Mai joins him to dance, asking him "Shall we dance?"
Kōji Yakusho - Shohei Sugiyama Tamiyo Kusakari - Mai Kishikawa Naoto Takenaka - Tomio Aoki Eriko Watanabe - Toyoko Takahashi Yu Tokui - Tokichi Hattori Hiromasa Taguchi - Masahiro Tanaka Reiko Kusamura - Tamako Tamura Hideko Hara - Masako Sugiyama Hiroshi Miyasaka - Macho Kunihiko Ida - Teiji Kaneko Amie Toujou - Hisako Honda Ayano Nakamura - Chikage Sugiyama Katsunari Mineno - Keiri-kacho Tomiko Ishii - Haruko Haraguchi Masahiro Motoki - Hiromasa Kimoto Shall We Dance? was released on January 27, 1996 in Japan where it was distributed by Toho. It was released in the United States by Miramax; the Miramax version was cut to 118 minutes and released on July 4, 1997. It performed in American theaters earning $9.7 million during its US release. It grossed $33,287,618 in other territories, for a worldwide total of $43 million. Shall We Dance? received a 93% rating from Rotten Tomatoes. Roger Ebert gave it 3.5 out of 4 stars, stating in the Chicago Sun Times that Shall We Dance? is "one of the more entertaining movies I've seen in a while—a well-crafted character study that, like a Hollywood movie with a skillful script, manipulates us but makes us like it."
Critic Paul Tatara noted that "It isn't fair to suggest that the movie's main subject is dance, though. As much as anything else, it's about the healing powers of simple self-expression." At the Japanese Academy Awards it won 14 awards: Best Film, Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Director, Best Editing, Best Lighting, Best Music Score, Best Screenplay, Best Sound, Best Supporting Actor, Best Supporting Actress, Newcomer of the Year. The National Board of Review gave it the award for Best Foreign Language Film. Shall We Dance? was remade by Miramax in 2004 as Shall We Dance? The American version stars Richard Gere and Jennifer Lopez in the Yakusho and Kusakari roles respectively; the American remake. In 2006, an Egyptian film titled Let's Dance was released. Ballroom Goldstein-Gidoni, Ofra. "'Shall We Dansu?': Dancing with the'West' in contemporary Japan". Japa
Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter is an English actress. She is known for her roles in large-scale blockbusters, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role as Kate Croy in The Wings of the Dove. For her role as Queen Elizabeth in The King's Speech, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role, she won the 2010 International Emmy Award for Best Actress for her role as British author Enid Blyton in the TV film Enid. Bonham Carter began her film career, playing the title character in Lady Jane, playing Lucy Honeychurch in A Room with a View, her other film roles include Ophelia in Hamlet, Where Angels Fear to Tread, Howards End, Elizabeth Lavenza in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Woody Allen's Mighty Aphrodite, Marla Singer in Fight Club, Bellatrix Lestrange in the Harry Potter series, Skynet in Terminator Salvation, Miss Havisham in Great Expectations, Madame Thénardier in Les Misérables, the Fairy Godmother in Cinderella and Rose Weil in Ocean's 8.
She has collaborated with director Tim Burton. Her other television films include A Pattern of Roses, Fatal Deception: Mrs. Lee Harvey Oswald, Live from Baghdad and Burton & Taylor. In 2018, she was confirmed to play Princess Margaret on seasons four of The Crown, she was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2012 New Year Honours list for services to drama, in January 2014, the British prime minister, David Cameron, announced that Bonham Carter had been appointed to Britain's new national Holocaust Commission. Bonham Carter was born in London, her father, Raymond Bonham Carter, who came from a prominent British political family, was a merchant banker and served as the alternative British director representing the Bank of England at the International Monetary Fund in Washington, D. C. during the 1960s. Her mother, Elena, is a psychotherapist, of three quarters Jewish background, whose own parents were diplomat Eduardo Propper de Callejón and painter Baroness Hélène Fould-Springer.
Bonham Carter's paternal grandmother was politician and feminist Violet Bonham Carter, daughter of Herbert Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the first half of the First World War. Bonham Carter is the youngest of three children, with two brothers and Thomas, they were brought up in Golders Green and she was educated at South Hampstead High School, completed her A-levels at Westminster School. Bonham Carter was denied admission to King's College, not because of her academic performance but because college officials were afraid that she would leave during the course to pursue her acting career; when Bonham Carter was five, her mother had a serious nervous breakdown, which took three years for recovery. Soon afterwards, her mother's experience in therapy led her to become a psychotherapist herself—Bonham Carter has since paid her to read her scripts and deliver opinions on the characters' psychological motivations. Five years after her mother's recovery, her father was diagnosed with acoustic neuroma.
He suffered complications during an operation to remove the tumour that led to a stroke that left him half-paralysed and using a wheelchair. With her brothers at college, Bonham Carter was left to help her mother cope, she studied her father's movements and mannerisms for her role in The Theory of Flight. He died in January 2004. Bonham Carter, who has no formal acting training, entered the field winning a national writing contest and used the money to pay for her entry into the actors' Spotlight directory, she made her professional acting début at the age of 16 in a television commercial. She had a part in a minor TV film, A Pattern of Roses, her first lead film role was as Lady Jane Grey in Lady Jane, given mixed reviews by critics. Her breakthrough role was Lucy Honeychurch in A Room with a View, filmed after Lady Jane but released two months earlier. Bonham Carter appeared in episodes of Miami Vice as Don Johnson's love interest during the 1986–87 season and in 1987 opposite Dirk Bogarde in The Vision, Stewart Granger in A Hazard of Hearts and John Gielgud in Getting It Right.
Bonham Carter was cast in the role of Bess McNeill in Breaking the Waves, but backed out during production due to "the character's painful psychic and physical exposure", according to Roger Ebert. The role went to Emily Watson, nominated for an Academy Award for her performance. In 1994, Bonham Carter appeared in a dream sequence during the second series of the British sitcom Absolutely Fabulous, as Edina Monsoon's daughter Saffron, played by Julia Sawalha. Throughout the series, references were made to Saffron's resemblance to Bonham Carter, her early films led to her being typecast as a "corset queen", "English rose", playing pre- and early 20th century characters in Merchant-Ivory films. She played Olivia in Trevor Nunn's film version of Twelfth Night in 1996. One of the high points of her early career was her performance as the scheming Kate Croy in the 1997 film adaption of The Wings of the Dove, acclaimed internationally and netted her first G
Hercules (1997 film)
Hercules is a 1997 American animated musical fantasy comedy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation for Walt Disney Pictures. The 35th Disney animated feature film and the eighth animated film produced during the Disney Renaissance, the film was directed by Ron Clements and John Musker; the film is loosely based on the son of Zeus, in Greek mythology. Development of Hercules began in 1992 following a pitch adaptation of the Heracles mythological stories by animator Joe Haidar. Meanwhile, Ron Clements and John Musker re-developed their idea for Treasure Planet following the critical and commercial success of Aladdin, their project was removed from development in 1993, Musker and Clements joined Hercules that same year. Following an unused treatment by Haidar and Musker studied multiple interpretations of Greek mythology before abandoning Zeus's adulterous affair with Alcmene; the project underwent multiple story treatments and a first script draft was inspired by the screwball comedy films of the classic Hollywood era and popular culture of the 1990s.
Donald McEnery, Bob Shaw, Irene Mecchi were brought on board to shorten the script. British cartoonist Gerald Scarfe was recruited as production designer and produced over seven hundred visualization designs of the characters. Research trips to Greece and Turkey provided inspiration for the background designs. Animation for the film was done in Paris. Computer animation was utilized in several scenes, predominantly in the Hydra battle sequence. Hercules was released on June 27, 1997 to positive reviews from film reviewers who praised James Woods's portrayal of Hades. Despite the positive critical reception, the film under-performed in its theatrical release notably in comparison to its predecessors before earning $252.7 million in box office revenue worldwide. Hercules was followed by the direct-to-video prequel Hercules: Zero to Hero, which served as the pilot to Hercules: The Animated Series, a syndicated Disney TV series focusing on Hercules during his time at the Prometheus Academy. In Ancient Greece, after imprisoning the Titans beneath the ocean, the rulers of the Greek gods and his wife Hera, have a son named Hercules on Mount Olympus.
While the other gods are joyful, Zeus' jealous brother Hades plots to overthrow Zeus and rule Olympus. Turning to the Fates for help, Hades learns that in eighteen years, a planetary alignment will allow him to locate and free the Titans to conquer Olympus, but only if Hercules does not interfere. Hades sends his minions Panic to dispose of Hercules; the two succeed at kidnapping the infant and feeding him a formula that turns him mortal, but fail to remove his superhuman strength before Hercules is found and adopted by the farmers Amphitryon and Alcmene. Years the teenage Hercules becomes an outcast due to his strength, wonders where he came from. After his foster parents reveal the necklace they found him with, Hercules decides to visit the temple of Zeus for answers; the temple's statue of Zeus comes to life and reveals all to Hercules, telling him that he can regain his godhood by becoming a true hero. Zeus sends Hercules and his forgotten infant friend Pegasus to find the satyr Philoctetes—"Phil" for short—who is known for training heroes.
They meet Phil, who has retired due to numerous disappointments, but Hercules inspires him to follow his dream to train a true hero that will be recognized by the gods. Phil trains Hercules into a potential hero, they headed towards Thebes. On the way, they meet Megara—"Meg" for short—a sarcastic damsel whom Hercules saves from the centaur Nessus. After Hercules and the others leave, Meg is revealed to be Hades' minion, who sold her soul to him to save an unfaithful lover. Arriving in Thebes, Hercules is turned down by the downtrodden citizens until Meg appears, saying that two boys have become trapped in a gorge. Hercules saves them, unaware that they are Pain and Panic in disguise, unwittingly releases the Hydra. Hercules defeats it and becomes a celebrated hero, but despite Hercules' growing fame and defeating every subsequent monster Hades unleashes, Zeus tells him he is not yet a "true" hero. Saddened and frustrated, Hercules spends a day out with Meg. Hades learns of this and on the eve of his takeover, he holds Meg hostage and offers her in exchange for Hercules surrendering his powers for a day.
On the condition that Meg will be unharmed, he accepts, is heartbroken when Hades reveals that Meg was working for him. Hades unleashes the Titans, who climb Olympus and capture the gods, while a Cyclops goes to Thebes to kill Hercules. Hercules defeats the cyclops; this breaks Hades' promise that Meg would not be harmed, allows Hercules to regain his strength. Hercules and Pegasus fly to Olympus where they free the gods and vanquish the Titans, but Meg dies before he returns to her. With Meg's soul now Hades' property, Hercules breaks into the Underworld and offers to free Meg from the Styx in exchange for his own life, his willingness to sacrifice himself restores his godhood and immortality before the life-draining river can kill him. After reviving Meg and Hercules are summoned to Olympus, where Zeus and Hera welcome their son home. However, Hercules chooses to remain on Earth with Meg in lieu of living on Olympus. Hercules and his friends return to Thebes, where they watch Zeus etch Hercules' image into the stars to commemorate his heroism.
Tate Donovan as Hercules, based on the mythological deity Heracles. Supervising animator Andreas Deja described Hercules as "...not a smart aleck, not streetwis
Gloria Frances Stuart was an American actress, visual artist, activist. She was known for her roles as a contract player in the 1930s and 1940s, though she would garner widespread fame in life for her critically acclaimed role in James Cameron's Titanic, her accolades include a Screen Actors Guild Award, one Academy Award nomination, one Golden Globe nomination. A native of Santa Monica, Stuart began acting while in high school. After attending the University of California, she embarked on a career in theater, performing in local productions and summer stock in Los Angeles and New York City, she signed a film contract with Universal Pictures in 1932, acted in numerous films for the studio, including the horror films The Old Dark House and The Invisible Man, the musical comedy The Three Musketeers. In 1945, after a tenure as a contract player for Twentieth Century Fox, Stuart abandoned her acting career and shifted to a career as an artist, working as a fine printer and making paintings, miniature books, découpage for the next three decades.
She returned to acting in the late 1970s, appearing in several bit parts, including in Richard Benjamin's My Favorite Year and Wildcats. Stuart made a prominent return to cinema when she was cast as the 101-year-old elder Rose Dawson Calvert in Titanic, earning her numerous accolades, including an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress; as of 2019, she remains the oldest nominee for the category. Her final film performance was a minor part in Wim Wenders' Land of Plenty. In addition to her acting and art career, Stuart was an environmental and political activist, who served as a co-founding member of the Screen Actors Guild and the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League, she died of respiratory failure in September 2010, aged 100. Stuart was born Gloria Stewart at 11:00 p.m. on the Fourth of July, 1910 on the family's kitchen table in Santa Monica, the first child of Alice and Frank Stewart. Through her mother, Stuart was a third-generation Californian. Stuart's father, a native of The Dalles, was of Scottish descent, studied law in San Francisco.
At the time of her birth, he was an attorney representing The Six Companies. Stuart had one younger brother, Frank Jr. born eleven months and another younger brother Thomas, however he died due to spinal meningitis at age three. As a child, Stuart attended a Church of Christ with her mother, subsequently attended a Catholic school, her father a Presbyterian, converted to Christian Science during her childhood. When Stuart was nine years old, her father died as the result of an infection from an injury sustained when an automobile grazed his leg, she was expelled from grade school after kicking her teacher. Hard-pressed to support two small children, her mother soon accepted the proposal of local businessman Fred J. Finch. Stuart attended her schooling using the name Gloria Fae Finch, she had not been given a middle name by her parents and so adopted one, the feminine of Frank, her father's name. Stuart attended Santa Monica High School where she was active in theater, performed the lead role in her senior class play, The Swan.
She loved writing as much as acting, spent her last two summers in high school taking short story and poetry writing classes and working as a cub reporter for the Santa Monica Outlook. While a teenager, she had a tumultuous relationship with her stepfather, sought to attend college in order to leave home. After high school, Stuart enrolled at the University of California at Berkeley, majoring in philosophy and drama. In college, she appeared in plays, worked on the Daily Californian, contributed to the campus literary journal and posed as an artist's model, it was at Berkeley. While a student at UC Berkeley, Stuart wanted to join the Young Communist League, she wrote, "I was told it was for the oppressed. That appealed to me, but membership wasn't open to anyone under eighteen, so I couldn't join." In Carmel, she notes that her friendship with muckraker Lincoln Steffens gave her "... much deeper insight into the abuses of laborers and blue-collar workers and made me ready to work for liberal causes when I got to Hollywood a few years later."At the end of her junior year, in June 1930, Stuart married Blair Gordon Newell, a young sculptor who apprenticed with Ralph Stackpole on the facade of the San Francisco Stock Exchange building.
The Newells moved to Carmel-by-the-Sea where there was a stimulating community of artists such as Ansel Adams, Edward Weston, Robinson Jeffers and Lincoln Steffens and his wife Ella Winter. In Carmel-by-the-Sea, Stuart performed in productions at the Theatre of the Golden Bough and worked as a staff member on The Carmelite newspaper, she meanwhile made hand-sewn aprons, patchwork pillows and tea linens, created bouquets of dried flowers for a tea shop, in which she worked as a waitress. Newell laid brick and stacked wood, taught sculpture and woodworking, managed a miniature golf course, they lived in a shack in the middle of a wood yard as night watchmen. Stuart would reflect on this period of her life as "wonderfully bohemian." Stuart's performance in the theatre in Carmel brought her to the attention of Gilmor Brown's private theater, The Playbox, in Pasadena. She was invited there to appear as Masha in Anton Chekhov's Th
Titanic (1997 film)
Titanic is a 1997 American epic romance and disaster film directed, written, co-produced and co-edited by James Cameron. A fictionalized account of the sinking of the RMS Titanic, it stars Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet as members of different social classes who fall in love aboard the ship during its ill-fated maiden voyage. Cameron's inspiration for the film came from his fascination with shipwrecks. Production began in 1995; the modern scenes on the research vessel were shot on board the Akademik Mstislav Keldysh, which Cameron had used as a base when filming the wreck. Scale models, computer-generated imagery, a reconstruction of the Titanic built at Baja Studios were used to re-create the sinking; the film was funded by Paramount Pictures and 20th Century Fox. It was the most expensive film made at the time, with a production budget of $200 million. Upon its release on December 19, 1997, Titanic achieved commercial success. Nominated for 14 Academy Awards, it tied All About Eve for the most Oscar nominations, won 11, including the awards for Best Picture and Best Director, tying Ben-Hur for the most Oscars won by a single film.
With an initial worldwide gross of over $1.84 billion, Titanic was the first film to reach the billion-dollar mark. It remained the highest-grossing film of all time until Cameron's Avatar surpassed it in 2010. A 3D version of Titanic, released on April 4, 2012, to commemorate the centennial of the sinking, earned it an additional $343.6 million worldwide, pushing the film's worldwide total to $2.18 billion and making it the second film to gross more than $2 billion worldwide. In 2017, the film was re-released for its 20th anniversary and was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. In 1996, treasure hunter Brock Lovett and his team aboard the research vessel Akademik Mstislav Keldysh search the wreck of RMS Titanic for a necklace with a rare diamond, the Heart of the Ocean, they recover a safe containing a drawing of a young woman wearing only the necklace dated April 14, 1912, the day the ship struck the iceberg. Rose Dawson Calvert, the woman in the drawing, is brought aboard Keldysh and tells Lovett of her experiences aboard Titanic.
In 1912 Southampton, 17-year-old first-class passenger Rose DeWitt Bukater, her fiancé Cal Hockley, her mother Ruth board the luxurious Titanic. Ruth emphasizes that Rose's marriage will resolve their family's financial problems and retain their high-class persona. Distraught over the engagement, Rose considers suicide by jumping from the stern. Discovered with Jack, Rose tells a concerned Cal that she was peering over the edge and Jack saved her from falling; when Cal becomes indifferent, she suggests to him. He invites Jack to dine with them in first class the following night. Jack and Rose develop a tentative friendship, despite Ruth being wary of him. Following dinner, Rose secretly joins Jack at a party in third class. Aware of Cal and Ruth's disapproval, Rose rebuffs Jack's advances, but realizes she prefers him over Cal. After rendezvousing on the bow at sunset, Rose takes Jack to her state room, they evade Cal's bodyguard, Mr. Lovejoy, have sex in an automobile inside the cargo hold. On the forward deck, they witness a collision with an iceberg and overhear the officers and designer discussing its seriousness.
Cal discovers Jack's sketch of Rose and an insulting note from her in his safe along with the necklace. When Jack and Rose attempt to inform Cal of the collision, Lovejoy slips the necklace into Jack's pocket and he and Cal accuse him of theft. Jack is arrested, taken to the master-at-arms' office, handcuffed to a pipe. Cal puts the necklace in his own coat pocket. With the ship sinking, Rose flees Cal and her mother, who has boarded a lifeboat, frees Jack. On the boat deck and Jack encourage her to board a lifeboat. After Rose boards one, Cal tells Jack; as her boat lowers, Rose decides that she jumps back on board. Cal takes his bodyguard's pistol and chases Rose and Jack into the flooding first-class dining saloon. After using up his ammunition, Cal realizes he gave his coat and the necklace to Rose, he boards a collapsible lifeboat by carrying a lost child. After braving several obstacles and Rose return to the boat deck; the lifeboats have departed and passengers are falling to their deaths as the stern rises out of the water.
The ship breaks in half. Jack and Rose ride it into the ocean and he helps her onto a wooden panel buoyant enough for only one person, he assures her. Jack dies of hypothermia but Rose is saved. With Rose hiding from Cal en route, the RMS Carpathia takes the survivors to New York City where Rose gives her name as Rose Dawson. Rose says she read that Cal committed suicide after losing all his money in the Wall Street Crash of 1929. Back in the present, Lovett decides to abandon his search after hearing Rose's story. Alone on the stern of Keldysh, Rose takes out the Heart of the Ocean – in her possession all along – and drops it into the sea over the wreck site. While she is asleep or has died in her bed, photos on her dresser depict a life of freedom and adventure in