1998 in Canada
Events from the year 1998 in Canada. The next day Mel Lastman is sworn in as its first mayor, Three other Ontario cities were similarly merged on the same date in 2001. January 2 - Three separate avalanches in British Columbia kill a total of nine people. January 5 - The Ice Storm of 1998, caused by El Niño, strikes southern Ontario and Quebec, resulting in widespread power failures, severe damage to forests, january 6 - Alan Eagleson pleads guilty to fraud. January 7 - The federal government formally apologizes for the past mistreatment of First Nations, january 23 - The Royal Bank and the Bank of Montreal announce plans to merge, which are scuttled by the federal government. February 6 - The Hudsons Bay Company takes over K-Mart Canada, February 10 - Canadian National Railway merges with the Illinois Central. February 13 - Three girls, all under 18 years of age, are found guilty in Victoria, BC, Three others plead guilty of assault. February 16 - The Supreme Court is asked to rule on the legality of Quebec separatism, February 18 - Controversial plans to include a Holocaust memorial in the Canadian War Museum are scrapped.
February 24 - In the 1998 Canadian budget Finance Minister Paul Martin delivers a balanced budget, march 2 - Daniel Johnson, leader of the Quebec Liberal Party, announces his resignation. March 6 - The Dionne Quintuplets are given money and an apology by the Ontario government, march 6 - British Columbia doctors begin the first of a series of protests against funding shortages. March 12 - Quebec and Newfoundland resolve the long-running Churchill Falls dispute, march 12 - Mutual Life of Canada acquires MetLife to become Canadas second-largest insurance company. March 23 - Senator Andy Thompson is forced to resign his Senate seat after not attending for two years, march 24 - The 1998 Nova Scotia election leaves the Liberals and NDP tied for the most seats. March 27 - Jean Charest announces that he seek the leadership of the Quebec Liberal Party. March 27 - The federal government agrees to compensate hepatitis C victims of tainted blood, april 1 - Floods in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec force 2000 from their homes.
April 3 - Members of the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary are permitted side arms for the first time, april 17 - Dafydd Rhys Williams flies aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia, becoming the first non-American to serve as medical officer. April 17 - The Toronto Dominion Bank and the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce announce plans to merge, april 25 - The United States announces large tariffs on Canadian softwood lumber. April 26–28 - Prime Minister Chrétien pays a visit to Cuba. May 1 - Separatist David Levine is named head of the newly amalgamated Ottawa hospital sparking great controversy, early May - Wildfires burning in Alberta force the evacuation of a number of communities
The 20th century was a century that began on January 1,1901 and ended on December 31,2000. It was the tenth and final century of the 2nd millennium and it is distinct from the century known as the 1900s, which began on January 1,1900 and ended on December 31,1999. It saw great advances in communication and medical technology that by the late 1980s allowed for near-instantaneous worldwide computer communication, the term short twentieth century was coined to represent the events from 1914 to 1991. It took all of history up to 1804 for the worlds population to reach 1 billion, world population reached 2 billion estimates in 1927, by late 1999. Globally approximately 45% of those who were married and able to have children used contraception, 40% of pregnancies were unplanned, the century had the first global-scale total wars between world powers across continents and oceans in World War I and World War II. The century saw a shift in the way that many people lived, with changes in politics, economics, culture, technology.
The 20th century may have seen more technological and scientific progress than all the other centuries combined since the dawn of civilization, terms like ideology, world war and nuclear war entered common usage. It was a century that started with horses, simple automobiles, and freighters but ended with high-speed rail, cruise ships, global commercial air travel and the space shuttle. Horses, Western societys basic form of transportation for thousands of years, were replaced by automobiles and buses within a few decades. Humans explored space for the first time, taking their first footsteps on the Moon, mass media, telecommunications, and information technology made the worlds knowledge more widely available. Advancements in medical technology improved the health of many people, rapid technological advancements, allowed warfare to reach unprecedented levels of destruction. World War II alone killed over 60 million people, while nuclear weapons gave humankind the means to annihilate itself in a short time, these same wars resulted in the destruction of the Imperial system.
For the first time in history and their wars of expansion and colonization ceased to be a factor in international affairs, resulting in a far more globalized. The last time major powers clashed openly was in 1945, and since then, technological advancements during World War I changed the way war was fought, as new inventions such as tanks, chemical weapons, and aircraft modified tactics and strategy. After more than four years of warfare in western Europe, and 20 million dead. The regime of Tsar Nicholas II was overthrown during the conflict, Russia became the first communist state, at the beginning of the period, Britain was the worlds most powerful nation, having acted as the worlds policeman for the past century. Meanwhile, Japan had rapidly transformed itself into an advanced industrial power. Its military expansion into eastern Asia and the Pacific Ocean culminated in an attack on the United States
The 1980s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1,1980, and ended on December 31,1989. The decade saw great socioeconomic change due to advances in technology and West Germany saw large economic growth during this decade. The AIDS epidemic became recognized in the 1980s and has killed an estimated 39 million people. Global warming became well known to the scientific and political community in the 1980s, the final decade of the Cold War opened with the US-Soviet confrontation continuing largely without any interruption. Superpower tensions escalated rapidly as President Reagan scrapped the policy of détente and adopted a new, islamism became a powerful political force in the 1980s and many terrorist organizations, including Al Qaeda started. The Cold War ended in the early 1990s with the successful Reunification of Germany, the 1980s saw great advances in genetic and digital technology. The 1980s saw the advent of the practice of sex-selective abortion in China. By 1989 the Internet and the networks linked to it were a system with extensive transoceanic satellite links.
Based on earlier work from 1980 onwards Tim Berners Lee formalized the concept of the World Wide Web by 1989, television viewing became commonplace in the Third World, with the number of TV sets in China and India increasing by 15 and 10 times respectively. The Rome and Vienna airport attacks took place on December 27,1985, the attack was done by militants loyal to Abu Nidal, backed by the government of Libya. The 1983 Beirut barracks bombing – during the Lebanese Civil War two truck bombs struck separate buildings housing United States and French military forces killing 299 American, the organization Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the bombing. The 1984 anti-Sikh riots in India, committed by Hindu militants against Sikhs in response to the assassination of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by a Sikh militant, thousands of people are killed and tens of thousands of Sikhs became displaced persons. Air India Flight 182 was destroyed on June 23,1985 and it was the biggest mass murder involving Canadians in Canadas history.
On December 21,1988, Pan Am Flight 103 was blown up over the village of Lockerbie, the bombing killed all 243 passengers,16 crew members and 11 people on the ground, totaling 270 fatalities who were citizens of 21 nationalities. The bombing was and remains the worst terrorist attack on UK soil, invasion of Grenada – a 1983 U. S. -led invasion of Grenada, triggered by a military coup which ousted a brief revolutionary government. Salvadoran Civil War – part of the war conflicts, reached its peak in the 1980s,70,000 Salvadorans died. Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands, sparking the Falklands War and it occurred from 2 April to 14 July 1982 between the United Kingdom and Argentina as British forces fought to recover the islands. Britain emerged victorious and its stance in international affairs and its long decaying reputation as a colonial power received an unexpected boost
The 21st century is the current century of the Anno Domini era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. It began on January 1,2001 and will end on December 31,2100 and it is the first century of the 3rd millennium. It is distinct from the time known as the 2000s. The long term effects of increased globalization are not known, the Arab Spring of the early 2010s led to mixed outcomes in the Arab world. The Digital Revolution which began around the 1980s continues into the present and Generation Z come of age and rise to prominence in this century. The completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003 marks the rise of life sciences, making mankinds long-held dreams, such as curing cancer. By the 2010s, gene therapy, first performed somatically in late 1990 and heritably in 1996, showed promise but remains an experimental, by 2013, about 80% of the worlds population used mobile phones. An estimated 33% owned personal computers in 2010, and 46% used the Internet by 2016, the International Energy Agency estimates that 83% of the global population has access to electricity as of 2013 with the percentage projected to increase to 88% by 2030.
The world population was about 6.1 billion at the start of the 21st century and it had reached 7.3 billion in 2015, and is estimated to reach about 9.37 billion by the year 2050. There is a debate among experts and the public on how to pronounce specific years of the 21st century in English. A less common variation would have been twenty nought-five, the Vancouver Olympics, which took place in 2010, was being officially referred to by Vancouver 2010 as the twenty-ten Olympics. The latest timeframes for change are usually placed at 2020, kubrick said he did this in the hope that if the film became popular, it would influence the pronunciation of that year. See the timeline of the 21st century, genocide still remains a problem in this century with the concern of the war in Darfur and the growing concern in Sri Lanka. Also controversies from past genocides remain commonplace in the minds of victims, 1998–2002 – The Second Congo War continued into the early 21st century. A1999 ceasefire quickly broke down and a UN peacekeeping mission, Laurent Kabila, president of the DRC, was assassinated in January 2001 and his son, Joseph Kabila, took power.
Throughout 2002 steps were made towards peace and Rwanda and Uganda both removed their troops from the country, on December 17,2002, a massive treaty officially ended the war. However, the DRC only holds power in less than half of the country, with most of the eastern and northern portions still controlled by rebel groups, in addition, Rwanda still supports anti-DRC rebels and anti-Rwandan rebels continue to operate from the DRC. The war killed an estimated 3.9 million people, displaced nearly 5.5 million, Severe human rights violations continue to be reported
The 1970s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1,1970, and ended on December 31,1979. In the 21st century, historians have portrayed the 1970s as a pivot of change in world history focusing especially on the economic upheavals. In the Western world, social values that began in the 1960s, such as increasing political awareness and economic liberty of women. In the United Kingdom, the 1979 elections resulted in the victory of its Conservative leader Margaret Thatcher, industrialized countries, except Japan, experienced an economic recession due to an oil crisis caused by oil embargoes by the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries. Novelist Tom Wolfe coined the term Me decade in his essay The Me Decade, the term describes a general new attitude of Americans towards atomized individualism and away from communitarianism, in clear contrast with the 1960s. Despite facing an oil crisis due to the OPEC embargo, the economy of Japan witnessed a boom in this period.
The United States withdrew its forces from their previous involvement in the Vietnam War. In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, which led to a war for ten years. Anwar El Sadat, President of Egypt, was instrumental in the event and consequently became extremely unpopular in the Arab world, Africa saw further decolonization in the decade, with Angola and Mozambique gaining their independence in 1975 from the Portuguese Empire after the restoration of democracy in Portugal. The continent was, plagued by military coups, with the long-reigning Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie being removed, civil wars. The economies of much of the world continued to make steady progress in the early 1970s because of the Green Revolution. The following year, Vietnam was officially declared reunited, Soviet war in Afghanistan - Although taking place almost entirely throughout the 1980s, the war officially started on December 27,1979. The Israelis were taken by surprise and suffered losses before they rallied.
In the end, they managed to repel the Egyptians and crossed the Suez Canal into Egypt proper, in 1978, Egypt signed a peace treaty with Israel at Camp David in the United States, ending outstanding disputes between the two countries. Sadats actions would lead to his assassination in 1981, Indian emergency Lebanese Civil War - A civil war in the Middle East which at times involved the PLO and Israel during the early 1980s. Western Sahara War - A regional war pinning the rebel Polisario Front against Morocco, Ugandan–Tanzanian War - the war which was fought between Uganda and Tanzania was based on an expansionist agenda to annex territory from Tanzania. The war resulted in the overthrow of Idi Amins regime, the Ogaden War was another African conflict between Somalia and Ethiopia over control of the Ogaden region. In 1976 peaceful student protests in the Soweto township of South Africa lead to the Soweto Uprising when more than 700 black school children were killed by South Africas Security Police, Rise of separatism in the province of Quebec in Canada
1998 in architecture
The year 1998 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings. 5 April - Akashi Kaikyō Bridge, longest suspension bridge in the world by the length of span, designed by Satoshi Kashima. 16 April - City of Arts and Sciences, Spain, designed by Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela,31 May - Saint Pauls Cathedral, New Zealand, opened. June - Jean-Marie Tjibaou Cultural Centre, New Caledonia, designed by Renzo Piano,6 July - Chek Lap Kok Airport in Hong Kong, designed by Norman Foster, opened. 15 October - Bellagio Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, designed by Marnell Corrao Associates, kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art, Finland, by Steven Holl Architects, opened. Waterside at Harmondsworth, international headquarters of the airline British Airways, designed by Niels Torp, lucerne Culture and Congress Centre in Switzerland, designed by Jean Nouvel, opened. Jin Mao Building in Shanghai, designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, designed by César Pelli, completed, it becomes the tallest building in the British Commonwealth and tallest building in the world.
B018 nightclub in Beirut, designed by Bernard Khoury and the Polar Environment Centre in Tromsø, Norway Malator in Wales, designed by Future Systems. Twenty-five Year Award – Kimbell Art Museum Park Hill, Sheffield,1961 flatted public housing in South Yorkshire, England, is Grade II* listed, making it the largest listed building in Europe
1998 in Norway
Events in the year 1998 in Norway. 7 October - Operations cease at Oslo Airport, Fornebu 8 October - The main airport serving Oslo is moved from the Fornebu airport to the all-new Gardermoen airport,17 December - Martin Ødegaard, footballer 8 January – Audun Hetland, illustrator. Sandsdalen, journalist, novelist, playwright,18 July – Lars Mathias Hille Esmark, civil servant and business person in the tourist industry. 19 July - Rune Nilsen, triple jumper 26 July – Olav Bø,10 December - Trygve Haugeland and Minister 31 December - Erling Norvik, politician Øystein Elgarøy, astronomer Yngvar Løchen, sociologist
1998 in Israel
Events in the year 1998 in Israel. 1 April – The Azrieli Center complex of skyscrapers officially opens,9 May – Dana International, a transsexual Israeli pop singer, wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1998 held in Birmingham, UK with the song Diva. 9 July – Shaul Mofaz, is appointed as the 16th Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces,26 November – Miss Israel, Linor Abargil, wins the title of Miss World 1998. 13 June - Abdallah El Akal, actor 2 November - Nadav Guedj, singer 20 January – Zevulun Hammer,10 March - Rabbi Hayim David HaLevi, Chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv. 14 May – Yitzhak Modai, Israeli politician,16 May – Idov Cohen, Romanian-born Israeli politician. 20 May – Jacob Katz, Hungarian-born Israeli historian,13 June – Nissim Aloni, Israeli playwright. 29 September – Nechama Hendel, Israeli singer, actress and entertainer
The 1990s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1,1990, and ended on December 31,1999. Culturally, the 1990s are characterized by the rise of multiculturalism and alternative media, movements such as grunge, the rave scene and hip hop spread around the world to young people during that decade, aided by then-new technology such as cable television and the World Wide Web. The United States saw a revival in the use of the death penalty in the 1990s. The dot-com bubble of 1997–2000 brought wealth to some entrepreneurs before its crash between 2000 and 2001, New ethnic conflicts emerged in Africa, the Balkans, and the Caucasus, the former two which led to the Rwandan and Bosnian genocides, respectively. Zaire is renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Second Congo War starts in 1998 in central Africa and includes 50 different cultures and 7 different nations. The Gulf War – Iraq was left in debt after the 1980s war with Iran. President Saddam Hussein accused Kuwait of flooding the market with oil, as a result, on 2 August 1990, Iraqi forces invaded and conquered Kuwait.
The UN immediately condemned the action, and a force led by the United States was sent to the Persian Gulf. Aerial bombing of Iraq began in January 1991, and a month later, in the aftermath of the war, the Kurds in the north of Iraq and the Shiites in the south rose up in revolt, and Saddam Hussein barely managed to hold onto power. Until the US invasion in 2003, Iraq was cut off much of the world. The Chechen wars break out in the 1990s, The First Chechen War – the conflict was fought between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, during the war Russian forces largely recaptured the separatist region of Chechnya. The campaign largely reversed the outcome of the First Chechen War, the Kargil War – In May 1999, Pakistan sent troops covertly to occupy strategic peaks in Kashmir. A month the Kargil War with India results in a fiasco for Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The incident leads to a coup in October, in which Sharif is ousted by Army Chief Pervez Musharraf. This conflict remains the only war fought between two declared nuclear powers, the Kosovo War, War between Albanian separatists and Yugoslav military and Serb paramilitary forces in Kosovo begin in 1996 and escalates in 1998 with increasing reports of atrocities taking place.
After weeks of bombing, Yugoslavia submits to NATOs demands and NATO forces occupy Kosovo, the Yugoslav Wars would become notorious for numerous war crimes and human rights violations such as ethnic cleansing and genocide committed by all sides. Ten-Day War – a brief conflict between Slovenian TO and the Yugoslav Peoples Army following Slovenias declaration of independence. Bosnian War – the war involved several ethnically defined factions within Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosniaks and Croats as well as a smaller Bosniak faction led by Fikret Abdić
1998 in Malaysia
1998 in Malaysia is the 41st anniversary of Malaysias independence. February – The El Nino phenomenon begins, february–April – The Klang Valley water crisis causes by El Niño phenomenon. 7 March – NTV7 was test of transmission by airing music video mostly in Malay,31 March – NTV7 was content of television broadcast by airing movie bioscope after 7-days of test of broadcasters. 17–26 April – The 1998 Sukma Games was held in Selangor,19 April – The Malaysia-Singapore Second Crossing is officially opened. 21 April – Malaysian parachute expedition team with Proton Wira cars lands at North Pole for the first time,14 May – Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah of Terengganu dies in Singapore, age of 68. On 15 May, his son, the Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Terengganu,27 June – Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Sepang is officially opened as the main international airport in Malaysia replaced Subang International Airport in Subang. 1 July – The Kuala Lumpur mini-bus service was officially terminated,11 July – The National Stadium at National Sports Complex in Bukit Jalil is officially opened.
1 August – In Singapore, Malaysian CIQ for rail passengers controversially remained at Tanjong Pagar railway station after Singapore relocated its CIQ to Woodlands Train Checkpoint,1 August – Perodua Kembara, Malaysian first 4WD vehicle is launched. 17 August – The Dewan Filharmonik Petronas, Aquaria KLCC and Suria KLCC of the Petronas Twin Towers at Kuala Lumpur City Centre is officially opened. 1 September – The PUTRA Light Rail Transit system, Malaysias first automated light rail system has begun in operations 1 September – The money banking control is introduced. The Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange Composite Index rose up from 400 points to 500 points,2 September – Dato Seri Anwar Ibrahim, the deputy prime minister is sacked from his post, parliament and UMNO. 11–21 September – The 1998 Commonwealth Games is held in Kuala Lumpur for the first time in Asia, Malaysia form 10-gold medals, 14-silver medals and 12-bronze medals in this games. 11 September – The 1998 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony is held in National Stadium at National Sports Complex,21 September – The 1998 Commonwealth Games closing ceremony is held in National Stadium at National Sports Complex.
29 September – Anwar Ibrahim was appeared in court and pleaded innocent to charges of corruption, october – Proton Perdana V6 and Proton Satria GTi are launched at Putra Stadium, Bukit Jalil. 17–18 November – The Tenth APEC Ministerial Meeting is held in Kuala Lumpur,26 November – Miss Malaysia/World 1998, Lina Teoh Pick Lim wins third place in the 1996 Miss World finals in Mahé, Seychelles. 12 December – The Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia is officially opened
The 2000s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1,2000, and ended on December 31,2009. The growth of the Internet contributed to globalization during the decade, in the English-speaking world, a name for the decade was never universally accepted in the same manner as for decades such as the 80s, the 90s, etc. Orthographically, the decade can be written as the 2000s or the 00s, some people read 2000s as two-thousands, and thus simply refer to the decade as the Two-Thousands, the Twenty Hundreds, or the Twenty-ohs. Some read it as the 00s, while others referred to it as the Zeros, on January 1,2000, the BBC listed the noughties, as a potential moniker for the new decade. This has become a name for the decade in the UK and Australia. Others have advocated the term the aughts, a widely used at the beginning of the 20th century for its first decade. The American Dialect Society holds an annual poll for word of the year. For 2009, the winner in the least likely to succeed category was Any name of the decade 2000–2009, such as, Aughties, etc.
When the 20- is dropped, the years within the decade are usually referred to as starting with an oh. The option aught-seven, for reason, has never caught on idiomatically. When the 20- is retained, two options are available in speech, both of which have idiomatic currency, two thousand seven in American English or twenty-oh-seven, during the 2000s decade, it was more common to hear the first pattern than the second. The War on Terror and War in Afghanistan began after the September 11 attacks in 2001, the International Criminal Court was formed in 2002. A United States-led coalition invaded Iraq, and the Iraq War led to the end of Saddam Husseins rule as Iraqi President, Al-Qaeda and affiliated Islamist militant groups performed terrorist acts throughout the decade. These acts included the 2004 Madrid train bombings, 7/7 London bombings in 2005, the European Union expanded its sanctions amid Irans failure to comply with its transparency obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and United Nations resolutions.
Additional armed conflict occurred in the Middle East, including between Israel and Hezbollah, with Israel and Hamas, cooperative international rescue missions by many countries from around the world helped in efforts by the most affected nations to rebuild and recover from the devastation. An enormous loss of life and property came in 2005. The resulting political fallout was severely damaging to the George W. Bush administration because of its failure to act promptly and effectively. In 2008, Barack Obama was elected President of the United States, the campaigns were launched by the United States, with support from NATO and other allies, following the September 11,2001 attacks that were carried out by al-Qaeda
The 2010s is the current decade of the Gregorian calendar. It began on 1 January 2010, and will end on 31 December 2019, Two pronunciations are used to mention specific years of the 21st century in English. For example,2010 is either pronounced twenty-ten or two thousand ten, with the exception of ongoing conflicts from prior decades, mostly in Africa and Asia, the 2010s started out with a relatively mild geopolitical climate. However, after the start of the Arab Spring, tensions arose between world powers that gradually worsened in the first few years. In 2014, Russian military intervention in Ukraine triggered a sharp downward trend in Russo-Western relations and that same year, the rise of the jihadist group known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Iraq and Syria prompted renewed intervention in the region. Other Islamist groups, such as Al-Qaeda, the Taliban, Boko Haram, relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran, which both vie for regional influence and back opposing sides in the Syrian and Yemeni civil wars, deteriorated.
The rise of China in international affairs has gained momentum, starting in 2015, an influx of migrants caused internal strife in the European Union, which, on 23 June 2016, the United Kingdom voted to leave. Support for Turkeys EU membership, once considerable, has eroded somewhat after a failed 2016 coup attempt triggered a widespread crackdown by the Turkish government, intensifying Islamophobia and Euroscepticism have overall contributed to a spike in nationalism throughout Europe. Events in the United States have been marked by severe political polarization, the LGBT movements in the United States scored several victories, with the historic Obergefell v. Hodges case legalizing same-sex marriage nationwide. The prominent wars of the include, Israeli–Palestinian conflict – Since 1948. After Israel occupied the West Bank, it began making settlements there, tensions remained high as Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, has been launching rockets and cross-border raids into Israeli territory, which Israel has responded with force.
War on Terror – Since the September 11 attacks, the United States, over time the war began to be seen more negatively, with various consequences. However, the Taliban regrouped and began an insurgency in the country, combat operations were declared over on 28 December 2014, though several thousand troops remain in the country to support Afghanistans military. Iraq War – On the pretext that the government of Saddam Hussein had weapons of destruction, the United States. After the invasion, the U. S. occupied the country, the occupation subsequently created an insurgency by jihadist groups opposed to it and sectarian violence between Shiite and Sunni Muslims in the country. At the end of 2011, U. S. forces officially withdrew from Iraq, military intervention in Libya – In Libya, anti-government protests evolved into an armed rebellion after forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi began military operations against protesters. In response to the crackdown, the United Nations authorized an international intervention in support of anti-Gaddafi militias.
International forces, mainly from NATO countries, began airstrikes and enforced a no-fly zone, the intervention came to an end following the death of Gaddafi in Sirte