1st Battalion New York Volunteer Sharpshooters

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1st Battalion, New York Sharpshooters
Flag of New York (1778–1901).svg
State Flag of New York (1778-1901)
Active September 13, 1861 - July 10, 1865
Country United States of America
Allegiance New York
Branch  United States Army
Type Volunteer Unit
Role Sharpshooters
Size 500 total[1]
Part of Army of the Potomac
Equipment Sharps rifle .52 cal

American Civil War

Maj. William S. Rowland

The 1st Battalion New York Volunteer Sharpshooters was a battalion of sharpshooters in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Fighting in the Eastern Theater it was attached to the 1st United States Sharpshooters.[2]

The 1st NY Sharpshooter Battalion's monument at Gettysburg


Major William S. Rowland received authority from the War Department to recruit a regiment of sharpshooters in the States of New York and Pennsylvania on October 10, 1862. When the regimental organization failed in sufficient numbers a battalion was organized into four companies, the 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th. A tenth company was considered, but never created.[3][4]

Company Commanders and Recruiting areas[edit]

6th Company, Flank Company, L 108 N. Y. Volunteers: Captain Abijah C. Gray - Rochester - Mustered for three years on September 13, 1862

7th Company, Company L, 112th N. Y. Volunteers: Captain Joseph S. Arnold, Captain Clinton Perry - Elicottt, Kian-tone, Busti, Ellington, Ellery, Carroll and Jamestown[4]

8th Company: Captain Edward G. Robinson - Buffalo, Hudson and Chatham

9th Company: Captain Thomas S. Bradley - Albany, Hudson, Canaan, Hinsdale and New Lebanon

10th Company - Capt. Charles M. White - organized January 13, 1863; was originally intended for a service of nine months, on April 21, 1863, the term of service was changed to three years; the company was not completed and the enlisted men were transferred


Out of a total of 157 casualties, the regiment suffered 27 men killed or mortally wounded, 68 officers and men wounded but recovered, and 62 officers and men missing in action .[5]


  1. ^ "1st Battalion, New York Sharpshooters". National Park Service - Soldiers and Sailors System. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  2. ^ http://dmna.ny.gov/historic/reghist/civil/other/1stUSSS/1stUSSSMain.htm
  3. ^ The first five companies were companies A, B, C and D, 93d, and L, 56th N. Y. Volunteers.
  4. ^ a b "1st USSS during the Civil War - NY Military Museum and Veterans Research Center". dmna.ny.gov. Retrieved 2016-12-21. 
  5. ^ "1st Battalion United States Sharpshooters - battles and casualties during the Civil War - NY Military Museum and Veterans Research Center". dmna.ny.gov. Retrieved 2016-12-21. 

See also[edit]