2-hydroxyglutarate synthase

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2-hydroxyglutarate synthase
Identifiers
EC number 2.3.3.11
CAS number 9024-02-6
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a 2-hydroxyglutarate synthase (EC 2.3.3.11) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

propanoyl-CoA + H2O + glyoxylate 2-hydroxyglutarate + CoA

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are propanoyl-CoA, H2O, and glyoxylate, whereas its two products are 2-hydroxyglutarate and CoA.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those acyltransferases that convert acyl groups into alkyl groups on transfer. The systematic name of this enzyme class is propanoyl-CoA:glyoxylate C-propanoyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, 2-carboxyethyl-forming). Other names in common use include 2-hydroxyglutaratic synthetase, 2-hydroxyglutaric synthetase, alpha-hydroxyglutarate synthase, hydroxyglutarate synthase, and 2-hydroxyglutarate glyoxylate-lyase (CoA-propanoylating). This enzyme participates in c5-branched dibasic acid metabolism.

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