2001 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth outbreak
The outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the United Kingdom in 2001 caused a crisis in British agriculture and tourism. This epizootic saw 2,000 cases of the disease in farms across most of the British countryside, over 10 million cows and sheep were killed in an eventually successful attempt to halt the disease. Cumbria was the worst affected area of the country, with 843 cases, with the intention of controlling the spread of the disease, public rights of way across land were closed by order. By the time that the disease was halted in October 2001, britains last outbreak had been in 1967, and had been confined to a small area of the country. The Northumberland report issued after the 1967 outbreak had identified that speed was the key to stopping a future outbreak, when identified, animals should be slaughtered on the spot that same day, and the carcasses buried in quicklime. In 1980, foot and mouth treatment policy passed from the hands of the British government to the European level as a result of European Community directive, 85/511. An earlier directive, 80/68, on the protection of groundwater gave powers to the Environment Agency to prohibit farm burials, since the 1967 outbreak, there had also been significant changes in farming methods. The closure of many local abattoirs meant that animals were now transported greater distances, the first case of the disease to be detected was at Cheale Meats abattoir in Little Warley, Essex on 19 February 2001 on pigs from Buckinghamshire and the Isle of Wight. Over the next four days, several cases were announced in Essex. On 24 February, a case was announced in Highampton in Devon, later in the week, north Wales was affected. By the beginning of March, the disease had spread to Cornwall, southern Scotland, by 16 March, the number of cases was at 240. MAFF adopted a policy of contiguous cull - all animals within three kilometres of known cases would be slaughtered and this was immediately clarified as applying only to sheep, not cows or pigs. The culling of animals that were not shown to be infected, in ruling on a slaughter order issued against the pig that had starred in the film Babe, the judge declared there was no such authority. Around this time, the Netherlands had an outbreak, the disease was contained by vaccination. By the end of March, the disease was at its height — up to 50 new cases a day, in April, Prof. King announced that the disease was totally under control. From May to September, about five cases per day were reported, the culling required resources that were not immediately to hand. With about 80,000 -93,000 animals per week being slaughtered, the final case was reported on Whygill Head Farm near Appleby in Cumbria on 30 September. The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs downgraded to high risk the last area to be denoted infected on 29 November, the last cull in the U. K. was performed on 1 January 2002 on 2000 sheep at Donkley Woods Farm, Bellingham, Northumberland
Yeovil Town F.C.
Yeovil Town Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of Yeovil, Somerset, England. They play in League Two, the tier of English football. The club won the League Two championship in 2004–05, and promotion to the Championship through the play-offs in 2013, founded in 1895, Yeovil took 108 years to enter the Football League when they were promoted from the Football Conference as champions in 2003. This success was repeated in 2005 when they reached the round and were drawn away against Charlton Athletic, then in the Premier League. Yeovils home ground is Huish Park, built in 1990 on the site of an old camp and named after their former home, Huish, itself known for its pitch. The clubs nickname The Glovers is a reference to the history of glove-making in the town of Yeovil, Yeovil Football Club was founded in 1890, and shared its ground with the local rugby club for many years. Five years later the club was renamed Yeovil Casuals and started playing games at the Pen Mill Athletic Ground. In 1907 the name Yeovil Town was adopted, which on amalgamation with Petters United became Yeovil, the name reverted to Yeovil Town before the 1946–47 season. The club came to attention as giant-killers during the 1948–49 FA Cup, in which they defeated Sunderland 2–1 in the fourth round. They were defeated 8–0 in the round by Manchester United. Between 1955 and 1973 they were champions of the Southern Football League three times, and runners-up twice, during this period, Yeovil Town applied for election to the Football League on a number of occasions, coming within a few votes of being elected in 1976. In 1979 the Glovers were founder members of the new national non-league division, in 1985, they were relegated to the Isthmian League. Yeovil won that championship in 1988 and returned to the Conference, there was success in the Bob Lord Challenge Trophy in 1990 and three years later Yeovil finished fourth in the Conference, their best finish ever. In January 1995, former Weymouth and Spurs player Graham Roberts was appointed manager, Yeovil secured promotion back into the Conference in 1997 after winning the Isthmian League with a record number of points –101. Colin Lippiatt became manager for the 1998–99 season and brought Terry Skiverton to the club as a player and their team included many top players, some of whom went on to play Premier League football. Notable players include Gavin Williams who moved to West Ham United, Lee Johnson, Chris Weale, Darren Way, Yeovils first game in the Football League was a 3–1 away win over Rochdale. The Glovers finished their first season in position, and reached the third round of the FA Cup before losing 2–0 at home to Liverpool. The following season Yeovil finished as champions of League Two with 83 points, partway through the season the club was sold by Jon Goddard-Watts to David Webb, who took over the role of chief executive from chairman John Fry
Southern Football League
Together with the Isthmian League and the Northern Premier League it forms levels seven and eight of the English football league system. The structure of the Southern League has changed several times since its formation in 1894, the Premier Division is at step 3 of the National League System, and is a feeder division, mainly to the National League South but also to the National League North. Feeding the Premier Division are two divisions, Division One South & West and Division One Central, which are at step 4 of the NLS. These divisions are in turn fed by various regional leagues, professional football developed more slowly in Southern England than in Northern England. Additionally, a league, the Southern Alliance was founded in 1892, with seven clubs from the region. Nonetheless, another attempt was made to form the Southern League, a competition for both professional and amateur clubs was founded in 1894 under the initiative of Millwall Athletic. Initially only one division was envisaged, but such was the enthusiasm, the sixteen founder members were, 2nd Scots Guards withdrew before the first season started and were replaced by Southampton St Marys. Woolwich Arsenal attempted to add their reserve side to the second division, the Southern League soon became the dominant competition below The Football League in Southern and Central England. By the turn of the century a few of the Southern League sides began to rival the Football League in the FA Cup, Two Southern League clubs, Southampton and Tottenham Hotspur reached the final of the FA Cup around the turn of the century. Tottenham Hotspur are the club from below the 2nd level of English football to have won the FA Cup. The champions of the two leagues during this period met in the annual Charity Shield, in 1907, it accepted Bradford Park Avenue, a northern club, as a member, reflecting its senior position at the time. In 1920, virtually the top division of the Southern League was absorbed by the Football League to become that leagues new Third Division. A year later the Third Division was expanded and regionalised, the Third Division clubs from the previous season became the Third Division South, with the addition of the Third Division North. Of the original members, six – Gillingham, Luton Town, Millwall, Reading. For the next six decades, the Football League and Southern League would exchange a number of clubs as a result of the older leagues re-election process. From 1920 onward, the Southern Leagues status as a league was firmly established. In turn, the APL would eventually succeed in becoming a feeder to the Football League, the league lost more of its top clubs in 2004 when the Conference added two regional divisions below the existing National League, the Conference South and Conference North. The first sponsor of the Southern League was Beazer Homes who sponsored the league from 1987–96, the sponsors after Beazer Homes to the present day are, Dr Martens, British Gas, Zamaretto, Evo-Stik, Calor Gas, and Evo-Stik
Taunton Town F.C.
Taunton Town Football Club are an English football club based in Taunton, Somerset, England. They compete in the Southern Football League Division One South & West, the club is affiliated to the Somerset County FA. After being formed in 1947, they were admitted into the Western League in 1954 and they struggled over the next ten years, and it was not until the 1970s that the club started to prosper. Having won the Western League in 1968–69, the club finished as runners-up in the same league in four successive seasons from 1973. They gained promotion to the Southern League in 1977 and purchasing their ground from the local council, in the early 1980s they dropped back down into the Western League for financial reasons, but did not enjoy further success until 1989–90. The following twelve seasons saw the win the title on four more occasions. In 2001 the club won the FA Vase, which it had missed out on seven years earlier. Following their string of results, Taunton rejoined the Southern League for the 2002–03 season. After the latest re-organisation of the English football league system, the club are members of the Southern Football League Division One South & West. In December 1947 a group of businessmen founded Taunton Football Club, the club joined the Somerset Senior League, in which they played until 1953. During this year the club gained admission to the Western League for the first time, in the same year, the club also moved into their present ground on Wordsworth Drive, which they leased from Taunton Borough Council. During these early years of the club they battled financial problems, in 1968–69, the club enjoyed success for the first time, winning the Western League under the management of Doug Hillard. Over the following years Taunton Town continued to prosper on the pitch, during this time the club bought their Wordsworth Drive ground from the local council and installed floodlights. In 1977 they were promoted into the Southern League, Two years later, following the opening of the M5 motorway, they moved into the Midlands Section of the league. The club finished as champions for the second time in 1989–90 and followed this win up with further success, winning the league again in 1995–96, 1998–99, 1999–2000. They also finished as runners-up on four occasions, in 1993–94, 1996–97, 1997–98, the club have remained in this league ever since, and after the restructuring of the English football league system, the club were placed in the Southern Football League Division One South & West. The club reached the final of the FA Vase in 1994, a second FA Vase finals appearance in 2001 resulted in greater success, Taunton Town beating Berkhamsted Town 2–1. In 2016–17 they reached the first round proper of the FA Cup for only the time in their history
Is a football club based in Bideford, Devon, England. They are currently members of the Southern League Division One South & West, the club are nicknamed The Robins due to their all-red strip. Bideford Town was established in late 1890s and spent most of their playing in the North Devon League. In 1947 the club was reformed as Bideford A. F. C. although they finished bottom of the division, they remained in Section A for the 1948–49 season, which saw them finish sixth. At the end of the season they joined Division Three of the Western League, in 1951–52 they won Division Two, and were promoted to Division One. The league was reduced to a division in 1960, and after finishing as runners-up in 1962–63. In 1964–65 the club reached the first round of the FA Cup for the first time and they drew 3–3 with Third Division Colchester United at Layer Road before losing the replay 2–1. They went on to win championships in 1970–71 and 1971–72, also winning the League Cup during 1971–72. In 1973–74 they reached the first round of the FA Cup again following four replays with Falmouth Town in the qualifying round. Drawn at home to Third Division Bristol Rovers, they lost 2–0, after three seasons in the Southern League they dropped back down to the Western League. When the Western League gained a second division in 1976 Bideford were placed in the Premier Division and they finished as runners-up twice in a row in 1977–78 and 1978–79, also reaching the FA Cup first round in 1977–78, losing 3–1 at Portsmouth. They won the Western League again in 1981–82, as well as reaching the first round of the FA Cup, the following season saw them retain the league title, and they won the League Cup for a second time in 1984–85. Bideford dominated the Western League in the 2000s, winning the Premier Division in 2001–02, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06 and 2009–10, as well as the League Cup in 2001–02, after finishing second-from-bottom of the division in 2015–16 they were relegated back to Division One South & West. Bideford reserves were founder members of the South Western League in 1951 and they joined the North Devon League in 2008. In 2015 they started playing under the name Bideford Community, the club also had an A team, which played in the North Devon League from 1996 until 2002. The Academy team was founded in 2014 and joined the North Devon League and they were renamed Bideford Community reserves in 2015. The clubs under 11s, under 13s and under 15s also compete in the North Devon League, Bideford play their games at the Sports Ground on Kingsley Road. It has a capacity of 6,000, of which 375 is seated and 1,000 covered. F. C
Ashton & Backwell United F.C.
They are currently members of the Western League Division One and play at Backwell Recreation Ground. The club is affiliated to the Somerset County FA, the club was established in 1911 as Backwell United and played in various local leagues, although activities were suspended during both World Wars. At this time played in the Bristol Church of England League, progressing to the Bristol. This was denied, however, owing to the local authoritys refusal to grant planning permission for floodlights to be erected, the club went to appeal, which they won, and floodlights were in place for the 1993–94 season, allowing the club to progress to Premier Division football. Performance has been steady over the years and the first team reached the 5th round of the FA Vase in the 2004–05 season. For the 2005–06 season a change of manager and an exodus of experienced players resulted in a last-place finish and they first entered the FA Cup in the 1994–95 season. Ashton & Backwell United play their games at The Lancer Scott Stadium, West Town Road, Backwell, Somerset. Bristol City -3 July 2013, The Lancer Scott Stadium Note, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Official Site Backwell United at the Football Club History Database
Bristol Manor Farm F.C.
Bristol Manor Farm Football Club is an English football team based in Bristol. They are currently members of the Western League Premier Division and play at the Creek, the club is affiliated to the Gloucestershire County FA. Bristol Manor Farm Football Club was formed in 1960, the club joined the Western Football League Division One in 1977 and won the league in 1982–83, gaining promotion to the Premier Division. In the same year the club entered the FA Cup for the first time, the following season they reached the Fifth Round of the FA Vase. Bristol Manor Farm stayed in the Premier Division until being relegated in 2001, the club equalled its FA Cup record in 2010–11, reaching the Second Qualifying Round. The youth team, which was formed in 2003, achieved promotion in their season to the Somerset Floodlight Youth League Premier Division and were beaten Somerset Cup finalists in 2005. The youth team won the Somerset Cup the following year, beating Mangotsfield United in the Final, having spent two seasons in the Gloucestershire County Youth League, the team moved back to the Somerset Floodlight Youth League for 2009–10 under new manager Richard Trott. Alan Crawford Danny Maye David Mehew Marek Piszczek Official Website
Keynsham Town F.C.
Keynsham Town Football Club is a semi-professional football club founded in 1895 in Keynsham, England. They are currently members of the Western League Division One and play at Crown Field, the club is affiliated to the Somerset County FA. They were elected to the Western League in 1973, and won the Somerset Senior Cup in 1951–52, 1957–58, Keynsham Town were founded in 1895. They have played continuously apart from a break during World War II and moved to their current ground and they first played in the Bristol & District League and progressed through the Bristol Premier Combination and Somerset Senior League and won the Somerset Senior Cup in 1951–52 and 1957–58. They were elected to the Western League in 1973 but were relegated three years later in 1976, since then they have been promoted to the Premier Division three times and relegated three times. They won the Somerset Senior Cup for the time in 2002–03. They currently play in the Western Football League Division 1, Keynsham Town wear an Amber and Black Home kit and an all Burgundy Away kit Keynsham Town play their home games at Crown Fields, Bristol Road, Keynsham, BS31 2BE. Keynsham Town played at locations in Bristol prior to World War II, The Hams until 1910, Gaston until 1925, Park Road until 1930. After World War II, they took up residence at their current ground, the ground was redeveloped in the 1970s. And is now equipped with floodlights, the clubs record attendance was against current Premier League side Chelsea when 3,000 people attended a floodlit game during the 1988–89 season. Jacob Millard, Real Madrid, Manchester United Keynsham Town L. F. C. are the football club affiliated to Keynsham Town. They won the Somerset Cup in 2006–2010, Keynsham Town F. C. – official club website Keynsham Town Ladies F. C. – website of the affiliated ladies football club Keynsham Town at the Football Club History Database
Frome Town F.C.
Frome Town Football Club is an English football club based in Frome, a town in the county of Somerset. They play in the Southern Football League Premier Division, the clubs nickname is the Robins and they play in a predominantly red kit. After the league successes the club made its debut in the FA cup in the 1911–12 season reaching the fifth qualifying round before losing 4–1 to Southport Central. The club then joined the Western league in the 1919–20 season starting in Division two, where won the division at their first attempt. However they did not gain promotion and stayed in the league for a two seasons before leaving, only to return to Division two for another three seasons at the beginning of the 1924–25 season. The club returned to the Western league in the 1931–32 season and stayed there for eight seasons, during this time the Club had success in the Somerset Senior FA Cup, winning it in the 1932–22 and 1933–34 seasons. The club also played its first FA cup game for 35 years in the same season. The 1953–54 season, saw the club reach the First round of the FA cup where they were defeated by Football League side Leyton Orient in front of a crowd of 8,000. The same season saw the club gain promotion to Division one. The club however was relegated back to Division two four seasons later and left the Western league, at the end of their first season back in Division two to join the Wiltshire League. The club once again joined the Western league in the 1963–64 season, the club spent the next 32 seasons in the top division during which time they went on to become champions once during the 1978–79 season. At the end of the 1995–96 season the club was relegated to Division One, at the end of the 1999–00 season the club finished bottom of Division one but were spared relegation as the league was restructured that season. Two seasons later at the end of the 2001–02 campaign the club were Division One champions, in the 2003–04 campaign the club gained media attention when they asked local white witch Titania Hardie, to help improve their home form as they struggled at Badgers Hill. The witch blamed the Decor of the rooms, and once the club changed them the team won eight of their nine remaining home games. The club also achieved cup success that season when they beat Paulton Rovers 3–1 to win the Somerset Premier Cup. In their second season in Division One South and West the club gained promotion to the Premier Division when they beat Sholing 1–0 in the play-off final, the club has since remained in the Premier Division of the Southern Football League. Frome Town play their games at the Special Effect Stadium, Berkley Road, Frome, in 2012 the club added a new 250 seater stand to Badgers Hill, so that their ground would meet the requirements set out for the Southern Football League Premier Division. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Pewsey Vale F.C.
Pewsey Vale F. C. are a football club based in the village of Pewsey, Wiltshire, England. They play in the Wessex League Division One, the club was formed in 1945 as Pewsey Y M but changed its name to Pewsey Vale FC in 1948. There is also evidence that there was a six a side group that played under the name of Pewsey Boys as early as 1921, the Club immediately won promotion to the Premier League after finishing runners up to Hook Norton, before being relegated back to Division One West. The 2009/10 season resulted in the winning of the Wiltshire Premier League Cup, the next season Pewsey Vale successfully applied to join the Wessex League structure and in the 2010-11 season started playing in the Wessex League Division One. As Pewsey Y M, the club were able to enter the FA Cup for a few seasons just after World War II, but never progressed past the First Qualifying Round. In recent years, the team has been eligible for the FA Vase, the Club play their home games at the Recreation Ground, Kings Corner, Ball Road, Pewsey, SN9 5BS. The ground was improved with the help of FA grants in the close season of 2002 to meet Hellenic Premier League standards. This included floodlighting, undercover seating for 50 people and hardstanding all round the perimeter of the playing area
Hellenic Football League
There is also one team each from Hampshire and Northamptonshire The league was established in 1953. In the 2000–01 season the Hellenic League absorbed the Chiltonian League and now has a Premier Division, Division One East, Division One West and three divisions for reserve teams. In the 2006–07 season the Hellenic League absorbed the Banbury District, starting with the 2004–05 re-organisation the Hellenic League became a step 5 and 6 league in the National League System. Premier Division clubs play at Step 5 level, which offers progression to the Southern Football League Division One for Premier Division winners who have the required ground status. Acceptance to HL Division One is also offered to teams playing in the various Step 7 County Leagues of the related Hellenic League area,50 teams play in the Hellenic Premier and Division Ones. 18 teams play at Veterans level The league started with only a Premier Division, for the 1971–72 season, Division One was split into Division One A and Division One B. The following season, Division One A and B were merged, after the 1999–2000 season, Division One was regionalised into East and West. The Hellenic League football cups are the Floodlit Cup, the Supplementary Cup and the Challenge Cup
Team Bath F.C.
Team Bath was an English association football club affiliated with the University of Bath in the city of Bath, Somerset, in 1999. The club was formed to allow the players to professional football with higher education. The club competed in the Western League for the first time in 2000–01, promotion that season, and again in 2002–03, gained the club entry into the Southern League. After five seasons in the Southern League, Team Bath was promoted into the Conference South after winning the 2007–08 Southern League Playoff Final, for their first four seasons, Team Baths home matches were played at the universitys sports grounds. In 2004 the club secured a deal to ground-share with Bath City at Twerton Park, Team Bath nevertheless struggled to attract fans, and generally had among the lowest average attendances in their leagues. In the 2000–01 season, the club entered the Western League, Paul Tisdale, a recently retired player who had appeared for Southampton and Yeovil Town was appointed as the teams head coach. The team won promotion from Division One to the Premier Division of the league in their first season and they continued to be successful in their second year, but missed out on back-to-back promotions, finishing fourth in the league in their first season in the Premier Division. They competed in the FA Vase for the first time in 2001–02, in their third season, Team Bath attracted global interest due to their involvement in the FA Cup. Playing in the competition for the first time, Bath beat Barnstaple Town 4–0 in the round to begin their campaign. They followed this up with victories over Backwell United, Bemerton Heath Harlequins and they faced Horsham in the fourth qualifying round, a place in the first round proper awaiting the victors. The match at Horshams ground finished 0–0, and the returned to Bath for the replay. Their victory meant that Team became the first university side to compete in the first round of the competition since Oxford University, who won the competition in 1880. The match, which drew a home attendance for Team Bath of 5,469, was won convincingly by Mansfield. Despite two late goals from Carl Heiniger and Caleb Kamara-Taylor, Bath lost the match 4–2, and were eliminated from the cup. The team was successful in the FA Vase, after beating Fairford Town in a replay. In the league, Team Bath won 27 of their 34 matches and were unbeaten at home to top of the Western League Premier Division. Team Bath played the 2003–04 season in the Southern League Western Division, the side won 21 of their 40 matches and finished the season in sixth position. For the 2004–05 season, the structure was adjusted due to the introduction of a second division for the Football Conference