Arizona State University
Arizona State University is a public metropolitan research university on five campuses across the Phoenix metropolitan area, four regional learning centers throughout Arizona. ASU is one of the largest public universities by enrollment in the U. S; as of fall 2018, the university had about 80,000 students attending classes across its metro campuses, including 66,000-plus undergraduates and more than 12,000 postgraduates. The university is organized into 17 colleges, featuring more than 170 cross-discipline centers and institutes. ASU offers 350 degree options for undergraduates students, as well as more than 400 graduate degree and certificate programs. ASU has nearly 600 ASU scholar-athletes across 26 varsity-level sports; the Arizona State Sun Devils compete in the Pac-12 Conference and have won 59 Pac-10/Pac-12 championships dating to 1979, have captured 24 NCAA championships dating to its first title in 1965. In addition to its athletic program, the university is home to over 1,100 registered student organizations.
ASU's charter, approved by the board of regents in 2014, is based on the "New American University" model created by ASU President Michael M. Crow upon his appointment as the institution's 16th president in 2002, it defines ASU as "a comprehensive public research university, measured not by whom it excludes, but rather by whom it includes and how they succeed. Since 2005, ASU has been ranked among the top research universities in the U. S. public and private, based on research output, development, research expenditures, number of awarded patents and awarded research grant proposals. The 2019 university ratings by U. S. News & World Report rank ASU No. 1 among the Most Innovative Schools in America for the fourth year in a row. U. S. News & World Report shows 84% of the student applications get accepted. A diverse faculty of more than 4,400 scholars includes 4 Nobel laureates, 6 Pulitzer Prize winners, 4 MacArthur Fellows Program "Genius Grant" members and 19 National Academy of Sciences members.
Additionally, among the faculty are 180 Fulbright Program American Scholars, 72 National Endowment for the Humanities fellows, 38 American Council of Learned Societies fellows, 36 members of the Guggenheim Fellowship, 21 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 9 National Academy of Engineering members and 3 National Academy of Medicine members. The National Academies has bestowed "highly prestigious" recognition on 227 ASU faculty members. Arizona State University was established as the Territorial Normal School at Tempe on March 12, 1885, when the 13th Arizona Territorial Legislature passed an act to create a normal school to train teachers for the Arizona Territory; the campus consisted of a single, four-room schoolhouse on a 20-acre plot donated by Tempe residents George and Martha Wilson. Classes began with 33 students on February 8, 1886; the curriculum evolved over the years and the name was changed several times. In 1923, the school stopped offering high school courses and added a high school diploma to the admissions requirements.
In 1925, the school became the Tempe State Teachers College and offered four-year Bachelor of Education degrees as well as two-year teaching certificates. In 1929, the 9th Arizona State Legislature authorized Bachelor of Arts in Education degrees as well, the school was renamed the Arizona State Teachers College. Under the 30-year tenure of president Arthur John Matthews, the school was given all-college student status; the first dormitories built in the state were constructed under his supervision in 1902. Of the 18 buildings constructed while Matthews was president, six are still in use. Matthews envisioned an "evergreen campus," with many shrubs brought to the campus, implemented the planting of 110 Mexican Fan Palms on what is now known as Palm Walk, a century-old landmark of the Tempe campus. During the Great Depression, Ralph Waldo Swetman was hired to succeed President Matthews, coming to Arizona State Teachers College in 1930 from Humboldt State Teachers College where he had served as president.
He served a three-year term. During his tenure, enrollment at the college doubled. Matthews conceived of a self-supported summer session at the school at Arizona State Teachers College, a first for the school. In 1933, Grady Gammage president of Arizona State Teachers College at Flagstaff, became president of Arizona State Teachers College at Tempe, beginning a tenure that would last for nearly 28 years, second only to Swetman's 30 years at the college's helm. Like President Arthur John Matthews before him, Gammage oversaw the construction of several buildings on the Tempe campus, he guided the development of the university's graduate programs. During his presidency, the school's name was changed to Arizona State College in 1945, to Arizona State University in 1958. At the time, two other names were considered: Tempe University and State University at Tempe. Among Gammage's greatest achievements in Tempe was the Frank Lloyd Wright-desig
New Mexico Lobos football
The New Mexico Lobos football team is the intercollegiate football team at the University of New Mexico. The Lobos compete as a member of the Mountain West Conference, they have a cumulative record of 449–513–31. Their official colors are silver; the team head coach is Bob Davie. The Lobos play their home games at Dreamstyle Stadium; the first New Mexico Lobos football team took the field in 1892. The team didn't have a head coach from 1892–1893 and in 1899; the Lobos didn't field a football team from 1895–1898, 1900 and 1902. Ralph Hutchinson served as the Lobos head coach from 1911 to 1916, who compiled yearly records of 0–5, 3–3, 3–1–2 4–1 and 4–2 in that span. From 1920 to 1930, the Lobos were coached by Roy Johnson, credited with building the first athletics facilities on campus for the Lobos throughout the 1920s. Chuck Riley became the head football coach for the New Mexico Lobos and remained there for three years, but posted a disappointing record of 7–13–3. Under head coach Gwinn Henry, the Lobos posted an 8–1 record in 1934.
But they fell off in the next two seasons, posting records of 6–4 in 1935 and 2–7 in 1936. Henry was replaced after 1936. Under head coach Ted Shipkey, hired to succeed Henry, the Lobos posted yearly records of 4–4–1, 8–3, 8–2, 5–4, 5–4–1 from 1937 to 1941. Shipkey resigned after five seasons as head coach; the 1938 season was capped with a 26–0 loss in the 1939 Sun Bowl to Utah. Overall, New Mexico was held to 59 yards passing, was intercepted four times. Furthermore, they were unable to cross Utah's 40-yard line during the entire game. Utah, on the other hand, racked up 366 yards rushing, outgained the Lobos 384–212. From 1942 to 1946, the Lobos were led by head coach Willis Barnes, they posted records of 4–5–2, 1–7, 6–1–1 and 5–5–2 in that span. Barnes' 1945 team won his 1946 team tied in the Harbor Bowl, his final record at UNM is 16–18–5. Barnes resigned after five seasons; as the head football coach at UNM, Berl Huffman struggled to find success on the football field. His three-year tenure produced a record of 8 -- 22 -- 1.
The Lobos' best season under his watch was a 4–5 mark in 1947. Huffman was fired after three seasons. Dudley DeGroot head football coach at West Virginia, was hired to take over the Lobos football program after Huffman's firing. Under DeGroot's watch, the Lobos compiled a record of 13–17 in three seasons, which saw the Lobos' fortunes improve on the field. DeGroot saw how limited his talents were and decided to concentrate and gamble on an all-out defense; every facet of defense DeGroot had coached over 30 years came into being at practices. A dedicated and aggressive defense devised by DeGroot and his relentless assistants brought UNM unofficial "Defensive Team of the Year" honors by all of the major wire services; the season totals were a 7–2 record with five shutouts. The Lobos allowed just 46 points in an average of 5.1 a game. DeGroot was named Skyline Coach of the Year and five Lobos were named honorable mention All-America: captain and tackle Jack Barger, linebackers Larry White and Jim Bruening, guard Don Papini and kicker Mike Prokopiak.
DeGroot retired from coaching after the 1952 season. For three seasons, Bob Titchenal served as the head football coach at New Mexico, his teams compiled records of 5–3–1, 5–5 and 2–8 for a total of a 12–15–1 record. His teams struggled on the playing field and recruiting was a difficulty for Titchenal and his staff. UNM fired Titchenal after three seasons at the helm. Under head coach Dick Clausen, who came to UNM from Coe College, the New Mexico Lobos football team posted back to back records of 4–6. Clausen departed New Mexico after two seasons to accept the position of athletics director at rival Arizona. In two seasons as head coach after being promoted from assistant coach, Marv Levy guided the Lobos to a 14–6 record and earned Skyline Conference Coach of the Year honors both years. One of Levy's landmark wins at New Mexico was a 28–27 upset win over a powerful Air Force team in 1959. Levy left UNM after back to back 7–3 seasons to accept the head football coach position at California and would go on to a Hall of Fame career as a head coach in the NFL.
Bill Weeks served an eight-season stint as the head football coach at New Mexico from 1960 to 1967, compiling a record of 40–41–1. His 1961 team won the Aviation Bowl and his 1964 team finished the season ranked #16 in the final Coaches' poll. Coach Weeks won more conference championships – three – than any head coach in the history of New Mexico football. After starting his head coaching career 5–5 in 1960, Weeks and the Lobos embarked on the most successful four-year run in school history. In 1961, UNM won the Aviation Bowl with a 29 -- 12 victory over Western Michigan; that success was followed by outright Western Athletic Conference titles in 1962 and 1963 and a shared conference title in 1964. From 1961–1964, the Lobos went 29–12–1 for the best four-season record in program history. Weeks was the school's winningest football coach until Rocky Long surpassed him in September 2005. Weeks stepped away from coaching after the 1967 season with a final record of 40–41–1. Rudy Feldman associate head coach at Colorado, took over as head coach following Weeks' retirement.
As head coach at UNM, Feldman compiled a record of 24–37–2. In his first season, the Lobos posted a winless 0–10 mark but two years compiled a 7–3 record followed by a 6–3–2 season the next year. Feldman was reported to have accepted the Baylor head coaching position in December 1971, but Feldman changed his mind shortly thereafter, opting to remain with the Lobos. Feldman quit coaching after six seasons at the helm of the Lobos. Coach Bill Mondt was promoted from assistant coach to head coach following Feldman's decision to
1997 New England Patriots season
The 1997 New England Patriots season was the franchise's 28th season in the National Football League and the 38th overall. They finished the season with a 10–6 record and a division title but lost in the playoffs to the Pittsburgh Steelers. In January, when the Patriots were preparing to face the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl XXXI, it was suspected head coach Bill Parcells was looking to move to another team after the game where he would have more say over personnel matters. In the 1996 NFL Draft, Parcells' relationship with owner Robert Kraft soured when Kraft selected wide receiver Terry Glenn against Parcells' wishes. After the Patriots' loss in Super Bowl XXXI, Parcells resigned from the Patriots, using the phrase "If they want you to cook the dinner, at least they ought to let you shop for some of the groceries." Due to an earlier renegotiation that had eliminated the 1997 season from Parcells' contract, NFL Commissioner Paul Tagliabue ruled Parcells could not be a head coach for another team in 1997.
Parcells instead moved to the New York Jets as a "consultant", taking assistant head coach Bill Belichick with him to be the Jets' head coach. The NFL ruled in the Patriots' favor and the Patriots received third and fourth-round picks in the 1997 NFL Draft, a second-round pick in the 1998 NFL Draft, a first-round pick in the 1999 NFL Draft in compensation for allowing Parcells to become the Jets' head coach. Taking Parcells' place with the Patriots was Pete Carroll, who had coincidentally been the Jets' head coach in 1994; the Patriots began the season 5–1 but featured a 6–5 record in the season. The Patriots managed to finish first in the AFC East for the second straight season. With the third seed in the AFC playoffs, the Patriots defeated the Miami Dolphins 17-3 in the Wild Card Game but were defeated by the Pittsburgh Steelers, 7–6, on the road the next week. August 31 v San Diego Chargers:The Pete Carroll era of the Patriots started with a bang as Drew Bledsoe threw for 340 yards and four touchdowns in a 41–7 runaway.
Stan Humphries managed a touchdown was pulled in the fourth quarter for Jim Everett. September 14 v New York Jets:The first game against former Patriots coach Bill Parcells came on Sunday Night Football with the Patriots 2–0 and the Jets 1–1; the game became a grinder in which the lead changed seven times. Drew Bledsoe threw touchdowns to Ben Coates and Lovett Purnell but threw two picks and was limited to just 162 passing yards, his Jets counterpart Neil O'Donnell ran in one touchdown and threw another to Keyshawn Johnson that tied the game in the fourth, but was sacked seven times. Curtis Martin's running game erupted to 199 yards and a touchdown, but the Patriots faced Jets kicker John Hall in the final sixteen seconds with the game tied at 24. Hall's field goal try was blocked and in overtime the Patriots drove down field and Adam Vinatieri nailed a 34-yard field goal for the 27–24 Patriots win. Monday Night Football October 6 v Denver Broncos:The first game between the last two unbeaten NFL teams since 1973 after the Buccaneers lost on Sunday, the Broncos won for the tenth straight time over the Patriots, 34–13.
Despite throwing two interceptions and being limited to just 192 passing yards, John Elway ran in a touchdown and Terrell Davis rushed for 171 yards and two scores. October 19 @ New York Jets:The 5–1 Patriots fell to Parcells' Jets 24–19 as the Jets outscored the Patriots 21–14 in the second half. Neil O'Donnell was flagged for intentional grounding in the endzone for a Patriots safety was pulled for Glenn Foley. Season page on Pro Football Reference
William Stephen Belichick ( or is an American football coach who serves as the head coach of the New England Patriots of the National Football League. His extensive authority over the Patriots' football operations makes him the general manager of the team as well, he holds numerous coaching records, including winning a record six Super Bowls as the head coach of the New England Patriots, two more as defensive coordinator for the New York Giants. He is considered to be one of the greatest coaches in NFL history by current and former players, his peers, the press. Belichick began his coaching career in 1975 and became the defensive coordinator for New York Giants head coach Bill Parcells by 1985. Parcells and Belichick won two Super Bowls together before Belichick left to become the head coach of the Cleveland Browns in 1991, he was fired following the team's 1995 season. He rejoined Parcells, first in New England, where the team lost Super Bowl XXXI, with the New York Jets. After being named head coach of the Jets, Belichick resigned after only one day on the job to accept the head coaching job for the New England Patriots on January 27, 2000.
Since he has led the Patriots to 16 AFC East division titles, 13 appearances in the AFC Championship Game, nine Super Bowl appearances, with a record six wins. Belichick has won eight Super Bowl titles in total from his combined time as an assistant and head coach. Belichick is the NFL's longest-tenured active head coach, as well as the first all-time in playoff coaching wins with 31 and third in regular season coaching wins in the NFL with 261, he is one of only three head coaches. He was named the AP NFL Coach of the Year for the 2003, 2007, 2010 seasons. Belichick was born on April 16, 1952, in Nashville, the son of Jeannette and Steve Belichick. Bill was named after College Football Hall of Fame coach Bill Edwards, his godfather. Belichick is of Croatian ancestry, his paternal grandparents, Ivan Biličić and Marija Barković, emigrated from the Croatian village of Draganić, Karlovac, in 1897, settling in Monessen, Pennsylvania, he was raised in Annapolis, where his father was an assistant football coach at the United States Naval Academy.
Belichick has cited his father as one of his most important football mentors, Belichick studied football with his father. Bill learned to break down game films at a young age by watching his father and the Navy staff do their jobs, he graduated from Annapolis High School in 1970 with classmate Sally Brice-O'Hara. While there, he played lacrosse, with the latter being his favorite sport, he enrolled at Phillips Academy in Andover, for a postgraduate year, with the intention of improving his grades and test scores to be admitted into a quality college. The school honored him 40 years by inducting him into its Athletics Hall of Honor in 2011. Belichick subsequently attended Wesleyan University in Middletown, where he played center and tight end. In addition to being a member of the football team, he played lacrosse and squash, serving as the captain of the lacrosse team during his senior season. A member of Chi Psi fraternity, he earned a bachelor's degree in economics in 1975, he would be part of the inaugural induction class into the university's Athletics Hall of Fame in spring 2008.
After graduating, Belichick took a $25-per-week job as an assistant to Baltimore Colts head coach Ted Marchibroda in 1975. In 1976, he joined the Detroit Lions as their assistant special teams coach before adding tight ends and wide receivers to his coaching duties in 1977, he spent the 1978 season with the Denver Broncos as their assistant special teams coach and defensive assistant. In 1979, Belichick began a 12-year stint with the New York Giants alongside head coach Ray Perkins as a defensive assistant and special teams coach, he added linebackers coaching to his duties in 1980 and was named defensive coordinator in 1985 under head coach Bill Parcells, who had replaced Perkins in 1983. The Giants won Super Bowl Super Bowl XXV following the 1986 and 1990 seasons, his defensive game plan from the New York Giants' 20–19 upset of the Buffalo Bills in Super Bowl XXV has been placed in the Pro Football Hall of Fame. From 1991 until 1995, Belichick was the head coach of the Cleveland Browns. During his tenure in Cleveland, he compiled a 36–44 record, leading the team to the playoffs in 1994, his only winning year with the team.
Coincidentally, his one playoff victory during his Browns tenure was achieved against the New England Patriots in the Wild Card Round during that postseason. In Belichick's last season in Cleveland, the Browns finished 5–11, despite starting 3–1. One of his most controversial moves was cutting quarterback Bernie Kosar midway through the 1993 season. Kosar was signed by the Dallas Cowboys two days and won a Super Bowl with the Cowboys in Super Bowl XXVIII. In November 1995, in the middle of the ongoing football season, Browns owner Art Modell had announced he would move his franchise to Baltimore after the season. After first being given assurances that he would coach the new team that would become the Baltimore Ravens, Belichick was instead fired on February 14, 1996, one week after the shift was announced. After his dismissal by the Cleveland Browns, Belichick served under Parcells again as assistant head coach and defensive backs coach with the Patriots for the 1996 season; the Patriots finished with an 11–5 record and won the AFC Championship over the Jacksonville Jaguars, but they lost to the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl XXXI amid rumors of Parcells's impending defection.
Michigan State Spartans football
The Michigan State Spartans football program represents Michigan State University in college football at the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision level. The Spartans are members of the Big Ten Conference. Michigan State claims a total of six national championships, they have been named national champions twice in the Coaches Poll. The Spartans have won two Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association championships and nine Big Ten championships; the Spartans home games are played at Spartan Stadium, located on the main university campus. Spartan Stadium has ranked among the NCAA's Top 25 in attendance for 61 consecutive seasons, from 1953 through 2016; the Spartans' current coach, Mark Dantonio was hired on November 27, 2006. The team's iconic Spartan helmet logo has been ranked as one of the game's best. Starting as a club sport in 1885, football gained varsity status in 1896. Early teams at the Michigan Agricultural College competed in the Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association, chartered in 1888 and is the oldest existing collegiate leagues in the United States.
In 1884, Albion College and Michigan Agricultural had played in the first intercollegiate football game held within the state of Michigan. The MIAA's other charter members included Albion and Hillsdale Colleges; the Association's first season of competitive football was in 1894 which by also included Eastern Michigan University and Alma College. In those early years the MAC Aggies could only accomplish one outright league football championship and share another with Albion; the first decade of the 20th Century saw the MIAA and MAC being dominated by either Albion or Olivet Colleges. MSU left the league and became an Independent in 1907. Chester Brewer revolutionized the football program during three different stints as head coach: 1903–10, 1917, 1919. Considered a defensive genius, his teams posted shutouts in 49 of the 88 games. John Macklin took over as head coach in 1911 and owned a winning percentage of.853, the highest in Michigan State history. Jim Crowley, one of Notre Dame’s immortal Four Horsemen, served as the head football coach at Michigan State from 1929 to 1933.
Charlie Bachman, another Notre Dame alumnus, succeeded Jim Crowley as head football coach at Michigan State, coming to East Lansing after a successful stint at Florida. A teammate of Knute Rockne, Bachman employed the Notre Dame system and forged 10 winning seasons in 13 years. Clarence Lester "Biggie" Munn took over as head coach of Michigan State from Charlie Bachman in 1947, his 1951 and 1952 squads won national championships. Munn retired from coaching in 1953 to assume duties as Michigan State's athletic director, a position he held until 1971; each year, the Michigan State Spartans football team hands out the "Biggie Munn Award" to the team's most motivational player. MSU's Munn Ice Arena, built in 1974, is named in his honor. Munn was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1959, and, in 1961, he became Michigan State's first inductee into the Michigan Sports Hall of Fame, he authored the coaching textbook Michigan State Multiple Offense in 1953. 1947–1950 In 1947, Munn and the Michigan State administration, led by university president John A. Hannah, approached Notre Dame president Father Cavanaugh to have his Fighting Irish play the Spartans for the first time since 1921.
MSU offered to let Notre Dame take 80 percent of the gate, but Cavanaugh insisted they split the receipts down the middle. Munn was the only coach to beat Notre Dame head coach Frank Leahy three years in a row. Starting with a 33–14 win over William & Mary in East Lansing on October 14, 1950 Biggie Munn started his historic 28-game winning streak. 1951 The 1951 team went undefeated and were elected the National Champions by the Helms Athletic Foundation. 1952 The 1952 squad continued Munn's undefeated streak going 9-0. Michigan State won a national championship for the second year in a row and for the first time in school history were voted #1 in both the AP and Coaches' polls. Munn was named the AFCA Coach of coaching MSU to 9 -- 0 record and a national championship. 1953 In 1953, Michigan State's first year of conference play in the Big Ten, the Spartans shared the conference title with Illinois and went to the Rose Bowl, where they beat UCLA, 28–20. On October 24, 1953, Purdue upset the Spartans 6-0 ending Munn's 28-game winning streak.
The Spartans won the first Paul Bunyan Trophy after beating rival Michigan 14-6 in East Lansing. Shortly after the Rose Bowl victory, MSU's athletic director, Ralph H. Young retired. Munn stepped down from coaching to assume duties as athletic director and remained in that position until 1971. Munn named Duffy Daugherty, as his successor to helm the football team. During his tenure as Michigan State's head football coach, Munn tutored 17 All-Americans, his teams have retained the school's top four season marks for rushing-yards-per-game: 1948, 1951, 1952, 1950. Munn was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1959. During the 1950s when Detroit was known as the world's leading automobile manufacturer, Michigan State was referred to as the nation's "football factory." During this era, the Spartans produced great players such as Lynn