Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. The country contains geographically diverse features within its small area. Israels economy and technology center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, in 1947, the United Nations adopted a Partition Plan for Mandatory Palestine recommending the creation of independent Arab and Jewish states and an internationalized Jerusalem. The plan was accepted by the Jewish Agency for Palestine, next year, the Jewish Agency declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Israel, to be known as the State of Israel. Israel has since fought several wars with neighboring Arab states, in the course of which it has occupied territories including the West Bank, Golan Heights and it extended its laws to the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem, but not the West Bank. Israels occupation of the Palestinian territories is the worlds longest military occupation in modern times, efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have not resulted in peace. However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have successfully been signed, the population of Israel, as defined by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, was estimated in 2017 to be 8,671,100 people. It is the worlds only Jewish-majority state, with 74. 8% being designated as Jewish, the countrys second largest group of citizens are Arabs, at 20. 8%. The great majority of Israeli Arabs are Sunni Muslims, including significant numbers of semi-settled Negev Bedouins, other minorities include Arameans, Armenians, Assyrians, Black Hebrew Israelites, Circassians, Maronites and Samaritans. Israel also hosts a significant population of foreign workers and asylum seekers from Africa and Asia, including illegal migrants from Sudan, Eritrea. In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a Jewish, Israel is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage. The prime minister is head of government and the Knesset is the legislature, Israel is a developed country and an OECD member, with the 35th-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product as of 2016. The country benefits from a skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentage of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree. The country has the highest standard of living in the Middle East and the third highest in Asia, in the early weeks of independence, the government chose the term Israeli to denote a citizen of Israel, with the formal announcement made by Minister of Foreign Affairs Moshe Sharett. The names Land of Israel and Children of Israel have historically used to refer to the biblical Kingdom of Israel. The name Israel in these phrases refers to the patriarch Jacob who, jacobs twelve sons became the ancestors of the Israelites, also known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Children of Israel. The earliest known artifact to mention the word Israel as a collective is the Merneptah Stele of ancient Egypt. The area is known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Christianity, Islam
Hapoel Be'er Sheva F.C.
Hapoel Beer Sheva Football Club is an Israeli football club from the city of Beersheba, that competes in the Israeli Premier League. The club was founded in 1949, and businesswoman Alona Barkat has run it since 2007, the club also includes youth groups, teens and children, and football schools. The home uniform colors of the club are red and white, until 1959, the club played its home games at a stadium that was located in the old city of Beersheba. In 1960, the moved to Vasermil Stadium. Starting from the 2015–16 season, the ground of the team is Turner Stadium. The club won its first league title in 1975, over the years, the team has won three league titles, three Toto Cups, three Super Cups and one Lilian Cup. Hapoel Beer Sheva were formed in 1949 by Zalman Casspi, casspis ambition was to build a successful team full of talented young players. The clubs first game was against a team from Mefalsim, a kibbutz in Southern Israel, the Mefalsim team was mostly made up of immigrants from South America. The game was played in a stadium in Beer Shevas Old City, at this time Hapoel played in a league with only four other clubs. Hapoel drew their games against Hapoel Rishon LeZion, Hapoel Kfar Saba, in their other game against Hapoel Ramat Gan Beer Sheva lost 4–3. In 1952, the disbanded, but were re-established 3 years later and were granted entry into the Liga Gimel. In the 1956/57 season, the team finished at the top of the league under new manager Yosef Azran, in their final game of the season, they played against Jaffa, winning 5–0, a win which gained them promotion to Liga Bet. Following the clubs promotion to Liga Bet, they appointed Lonia Dvorin as their new manager and he was replaced by Jack Gibbons, who had previously managed Hapoel Petah Tikva to five national titles as well as being the head coach of the Israel National team. In the first game under Gibbons, they played against ZVI Single, however, Hapoel felt that ZVI had played illegally and reported them to the league, which resulted in Hapoel winning the points. In the second game against Maccabi Shaarayim Hapoel won 2–0, the final game against Hapoel Natanya, a 2–1 win for Beer Sheva, granted them promotion to Liga Alef. In 1958/59 Jack Gibbons left the club and was replaced by Yehiel Moore, in 1959/60 the team moved to a new stadium and invited Cypriot side Anorthosis Famagusta to officially open the stadium, the Cypriot side won the game 2–1. At the beginning of the 1960s the team did not try to promote to a higher league, but in 1961–62 the club decided to bring in a foreign coach, Rober Eryol. Eryol was the only Jewish player who played at the time in the Turkey national team
Israel State Cup
The State Cup, is a knockout cup competition in Israeli football, run by the Israeli Football Association. The State Cup was first held in 1928 as the Peoples Cup, the holders of the State Cup are the Israeli Premier League side Hapoel Ironi Kiryat Shmona, who beat Maccabi Netanya in the 2014 final on 7 May 2014. Maccabi Tel Aviv have 23 titles, having the record for most titles won, Hapoel Tel Aviv in 1937–1939 and 2010–2012 are the only club to have retained the State Cup for three consecutive seasons. The draw also determines which teams play at home. Each tie is played as a single leg, if a match is drawn, the game is settled with extra time and penalty shootouts, though until 1964 replays would be played until one team was victorious. Some ties took as many as three matches to settle, there are a total of 13 rounds in the competition—nine rounds, followed by quarter-finals, semi-finals, and the final. Which are contested by the lowest-ranked clubs, clubs playing in the Liga Alef are given exemption to the Fifth Round, and Liga Leumit teams are given exemption to the Eighth Round. The 18 winners from that round join the 14 clubs from the Israeli Premier League, as well as being presented with the trophy, the winning team also qualifies for the UEFA Europa League. If the winners have qualified for the UEFA Champions League via the Israeli Premier League. If they also have qualified for the UEFA Champions League, the place goes to the next highest placed finisher in the league table. The draw for round, performed by drawing the clubs name from a jar, is a source of great interest to clubs and their supporters. Sometimes two top clubs may be drawn against each other in the rounds, removing the possibility of them meeting in the final. Mid-ranked teams hope for a draw against a peer to improve their chances of reaching future rounds, top-ranked teams look for easy opposition, but have to be on their guard against giant-killers and lower teams with ambition. The balls are being drawn by the officials of the Israel Football Association, the semifinals and the finals are traditionally held in the national Ramat Gan Stadium in the middle of the week. The match considered more interesting to the public is usually the second, for the final, the two winning teams of the semifinal return to Ramat Gan, with the winning team being awarded the State Cup from the President of Israel. The presidents role is traditional, and entered the Israeli sports lexicon, Israel Football Association List of winners on IFA website State Cup Soccerway Israel – List of Cup Finals
Hebrew is a language native to Israel, spoken by over 9 million people worldwide, of whom over 5 million are in Israel. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, the earliest examples of written Paleo-Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family, Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language. Hebrew had ceased to be a spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt. Aramaic and to a lesser extent Greek were already in use as international languages, especially among elites and it survived into the medieval period as the language of Jewish liturgy, rabbinic literature, intra-Jewish commerce, and poetry. Then, in the 19th century, it was revived as a spoken and literary language, and, according to Ethnologue, had become, as of 1998, the language of 5 million people worldwide. After Israel, the United States has the second largest Hebrew-speaking population, with 220,000 fluent speakers, Modern Hebrew is one of the two official languages of the State of Israel, while premodern Hebrew is used for prayer or study in Jewish communities around the world today. Ancient Hebrew is also the tongue of the Samaritans, while modern Hebrew or Arabic is their vernacular. For this reason, Hebrew has been referred to by Jews as Leshon Hakodesh, the modern word Hebrew is derived from the word Ivri, one of several names for the Israelite people. It is traditionally understood to be a based on the name of Abrahams ancestor, Eber. This name is based upon the root ʕ-b-r meaning to cross over. Interpretations of the term ʕibrim link it to this verb, cross over, in the Bible, the Hebrew language is called Yәhudit because Judah was the surviving kingdom at the time of the quotation. In Isaiah 19,18 it is called the Language of Canaan, Hebrew belongs to the Canaanite group of languages. In turn, the Canaanite languages are a branch of the Northwest Semitic family of languages, according to Avraham ben-Yosef, Hebrew flourished as a spoken language in the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah during about 1200 to 586 BCE. Scholars debate the degree to which Hebrew was a vernacular in ancient times following the Babylonian exile. In July 2008 Israeli archaeologist Yossi Garfinkel discovered a ceramic shard at Khirbet Qeiyafa which he claimed may be the earliest Hebrew writing yet discovered, dating around 3000 years ago. The Gezer calendar also dates back to the 10th century BCE at the beginning of the Monarchic Period, classified as Archaic Biblical Hebrew, the calendar presents a list of seasons and related agricultural activities. The Gezer calendar is written in an old Semitic script, akin to the Phoenician one that through the Greeks, the Gezer calendar is written without any vowels, and it does not use consonants to imply vowels even in the places where later Hebrew spelling requires it
Israeli Declaration of Independence
It declared the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel, which would come into effect on termination of the British Mandate at midnight that day. The event is celebrated annually in Israel with a national holiday Yom Haatzmaut on 5 Iyar of every year according to the Hebrew calendar, the possibility of a Jewish homeland in Palestine had been a goal of Zionist organizations since the late 19th century. After World War I, the United Kingdom was given a mandate for Palestine, in the face of increasing violence after World War II, the British handed the issue over to the recently established United Nations. The result was Resolution 181, a plan to partition Palestine into Independent Arab and Jewish States, the Jewish state was to receive around 56% of the land area of Mandate Palestine, encompassing 82% of the Jewish population, though it would be separated from Jerusalem. The plan was accepted by most of the Jewish population, the result was 33 to 13 in favour of the resolution, with 10 abstentions. Resolution 181, PART I, Future constitution and government of Palestine, TERMINATION OF MANDATE, PARTITION AND INDEPENDENCE, Clause 3 provides, Independent Arab and Jewish States and the Special International Regime for the City of Jerusalem. Shall come into existence in Palestine two months after the evacuation of the forces of the mandatory Power has been completed. The first draft of the declaration was made by Zvi Berenson, a revised second draft was made by three lawyers, A. Beham, A. Hintzheimer and Z. E. Baker, and was framed by a committee including David Remez, Pinchas Rosen, Haim-Moshe Shapira, Moshe Sharett, a second committee meeting, which included David Ben-Gurion, Yehuda Leib Maimon, Sharett and Zisling produced the final text. On 12 May 1948, the Minhelet HaAm was convened to vote on declaring independence, three of the thirteen members were missing, with Yehuda Leib Maimon and Yitzhak Gruenbaum being blocked in besieged Jerusalem, while Yitzhak-Meir Levin was in the United States. The meeting started at 1,45 in the afternoon and ended after midnight, the decision was between accepting the American proposal for a truce, or declaring independence. The latter option was put to a vote, with six of the ten members present supporting it, For, David Ben-Gurion, Moshe Sharett, Peretz Bernstein, Haim-Moshe Shapira, Mordechai Bentov, against, Eliezer Kaplan, David Remez, Pinchas Rosen, Bechor-Shalom Sheetrit. Chaim Weizmann, chairman of the World Zionist Organization and soon to be the first President of Israel, endorsed the decision, after reportedly asking What are they waiting for, the idiots. The draft text was submitted for approval to a meeting of Moetzet HaAm at the JNF building in Tel Aviv on 14 May. The meeting started at 13,50 and ended at 15,00, an hour before the declaration was due to be made, during the process, there were two major debates, centering on the issues of borders and religion. On the border issue, the draft had declared that the borders would be that decided by the UN partition plan. While this was supported by Rosen and Bechor-Shalom Sheetrit, it was opposed by Ben-Gurion and Zisling, with Ben-Gurion stating, We accepted the UN Resolution and they are preparing to make war on us. If we defeat them and capture western Galilee or territory on both sides of the road to Jerusalem, these areas become part of the state
Penalty shoot-out (association football)
A penalty shoot-out is a method of determining the winner of an association football match that is drawn after the regulation as well as extra playing time. Although the procedure for taking kicks from the penalty mark resembles that of a penalty kick, most notably, neither the kicker nor any player other than the goalkeeper may play the ball again once it has been kicked. The method of breaking a draw in a match requiring a winner is determined beforehand by the organizing body. Although employed in football commonly since the 1970s, penalty shoot-outs remain unpopular with some, during a shoot-out, coaches, players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the centre circle. The kicking teams goalkeeper stands at the intersection of the goal line, goals scored during the shoot-out are not included in the final score, nor are they added to the goalscoring records of the players involved. A tie is a result in football. Exceptionally, a shoot-out after a league or round-robin match may be provided for and this provision appears for occasions where opposing teams in a final-day match finish the group with identical records, which can result in an immediate shoot-out. This happened in Group A of the 2003 UEFA Womens Under-19 Championship, several leagues, such as the J-League, have experimented with penalty shoot-outs immediately following a drawn league match, with the winner being awarded an extra point. A team that loses a penalty shoot-out is eliminated from the tournament but it does not count as a defeat, for instance, the Netherlands are considered to have concluded the 2014 FIFA World Cup undefeated, despite being eliminated at the semi-final stage. The following is a summary of the procedure for kicks from the penalty mark, the procedure is specified in Law 10 of the IFABs Laws of the Game document. The referee tosses a coin to decide the goal at which the kicks will be taken, the choice of goal by the coin toss winner may only be changed by the referee for safety reasons or if the goal or playing surface becomes unusable. The referee tosses the coin a second time to determine which team will take the first kick, all players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the pitchs centre circle. Each kick will be taken in the manner of a penalty kick. Each kick will be taken from the penalty mark, which is 12 yards from the line and equidistant from each touch line. Each team is responsible for selecting from the players the order in which they will take the kicks. The referee is not informed of the order, each kicker can kick the ball only once per attempt. Once kicked, the kicker may not play the ball again, no other player on either team, other than the designated kicker and goalkeeper, may touch the ball. The ball may touch the goalkeeper, goal posts, or crossbar any number of times before going into the goal as long as the referee believes the motion is the result of the initial kick
Beitar Tel Aviv Ramla F.C.
Beitar Tel Aviv Ramla F. C. is an Israeli football club which representing Tel Aviv and Ramla. They are currently in Liga Leumit, the level of Israeli football. Home matches are played at the Ramla Municipal Stadium, Beitar Shimshon Tel Aviv was formed in 2000 by a merger of Beitar Tel Aviv and Shimshon Tel Aviv. Both clubs were in Liga Artzit at the time of the merger, in 2006 the club moved to Bnei Yehudas Hatikva Neighborhood Stadium. In 2008–09, the club finished sixth in Liga Artzit, and due to restructuring, were promoted to Liga Leumit. In 2011, the club had his second merger, this time with Ironi Ramla, due to it, as to 1 June 2016 Team info on The Israel Football Association website
Hapoel Ironi Kiryat Shmona F.C.
Hapoel Ironi Kiryat Shmona Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Kiryat Shmona. The club are members of the Israeli Premier League and play at the Ironi Stadium. They won their first league title in 2011–12, the merger was initiated by businessman Izzy Sheratzky owner of Ituran Location and Control, who are the official sponsors of the team. In the new clubs first season won the North Division of Liga Alef and were promoted to Liga Artzit. In 2002–03 they finished as runners-up to Hakoah Ramat Gan and were promoted to Liga Leumit, in their first season at the second level they narrowly missed out on promotion, only finishing below runners-up Hapoel Nazareth Illit on goal difference. They finished third again in 2005–06, but won the league in 2006–07 to earn promotion to the Israeli Premier League, in the same season they also won the Liga Leumit Toto Cup. The clubs first season in the Premier League saw them finish third, in their first season in Europe, home matches had to be played at the Kiryat Eliezer Stadium in Haifa. After knocking out FK Mogren, they lost to Litex Lovech in the qualifying round. In 2008–09, the finished bottom of the Premier League and were relegated to Liga Leumit. However, the season they won the division and were promoted back to the Premier League. On 15 December 2009, Ironi Kiryat Shmona won the 2009–10 Toto Cup Leumit, on 19 January 2011, Ironi Kiryat Shmona won the 2010–11 Toto Cup Al, a year after winning the Leumit version of the cup, it was their first major title. In addition, Ironi Kiryat Shmona became the first team to win both first and second Toto Cup trophy in a back-to-back year, on 24 January 2012, Ironi Kiryat Shmona defended their Toto Cup Al by beating Hapoel Tel Aviv in the 2011–12 Toto Cup Al finals. On 2 April 2012, Ironi Kiryat Shmona won the Israeli Premier League and they won the league after finishing their match against runner-up Hapoel Tel Aviv in a goalless draw with five rounds left in the league. Their championship was the first to be won by a team outside the three cities for almost 30 years. On 20 May 2012, The club changed its badge due to UEFA sponsorship rules which forbids the use of a name in both the kit and team badge. Only up to six non-Israeli nationals can be in an Israeli club squad
Maccabi Be'er Sheva F.C.
Maccabi Beer Sheva Football Club, is an Israeli football team based in Beersheba. The club plays matches at the Vasermil Stadium. In 2013–14, the club finished 14th in Liga Alef South, however, they were eventually reprieved from relegation, after Ironi Bat Yam, which have played in Liga Alef South, folded during the summer. In the following season, the club finished 15th and automatically relegated to Liga Bet, the womens team of the club plays in the highest national league, the Ligat Nashim Rishona. They have also been runners-up in the 2009–10 Israeli Womens Cup, maccabi Beer Sheva Israel Football Association
Hapoel Ashkelon F.C.
Hapoel Ashkelon F. C. is an Israeli football club based in Ashkelon. The club is currently in the Israeli Premier League and plays at the 10, after being founded in 1955, Hapoel Ashkelon spent their first few decades in the lower leagues of Israeli football. 1995–96 they won Liga Alef South division and promoted to Liga Artzit and in 1996–97, they achieved second successive promotion, however, the club finished bottom of the division, with a points deduction. In 1999–2000, they were relegated to the tier, before returning to the second tier, after winning Liga Artzit in the 2004–05 season. The club reached the State Cup final for the first time in 2007, at the end of the season, the club finished 11th and relegated to Liga Artzit. In 2008–09, the finished as runners-up in Liga Artzit. In 2009–10, the finished as runners-up in Liga Leumit. Just a season later, the club finished 15th, and relegated back to Liga Leumit, in 2013–14, the club finished 15th in Liga Leumit, and relegated to Liga Alef. The club made a return to Liga Leumit, after winning Liga Alef South division in the following season. In 2015–16, the won the Leumit Toto Cup following a victory of 1–0 against F. C. Ashdod. At the end of the season, they finished as runners-up and made a return to the Israeli Premier League, over the years, Hapoel Ashkelon has developed a tradition of signing Argentine footballers, both Jewish and non-Jewish. Many times, there were two Argentine players who played together and developed a partnership together. Among those who have represented Argentina within the squad have been Bryan Man, Carlos Chacana, Naón Isidro, Jonny Tennenbaum, Fernando Fligman, as to 1 February 2017 Fansite Hapoel Ashkelon The Israel Football Association
Maccabi Sha'arayim F.C.
Maccabi Shaarayim is an Israeli football club from the city Rehovot, currently playing in Liga Leumit. The club spent the past seven seasons in the top division from 1963 to 1969, the club was promoted to Liga Leumit for the first time in 1963. In their first season in the league they finished 11th out of 15, the following season the club finished sixth, which remains their highest ever league position. In the 1965–66 season they avoided relegation, finishing one place above the relegation zone. In 1969 Maccabi reach the cup final for the first time, in the same season they finished second bottom of the league and were relegated back to Liga Alef. The final match of the 1971–72 season saw the club have a chance to return to the top flight, but they lost 2–1 to Hapoel Marmorek, which were promoted instead. Two years later qualified for the promotion/relegation play-offs, but failed to win any of their five matches. At the end of the 1977–78 season they finished bottom of Liga Artzit and were relegated to Liga Alef, however, they finished bottom, and were relegated back to Liga Artzit. At the end of the 2011–12 season the club returned to Liga Alef, in the 2015–16 season, the club won Liga Alef South division and promoted to Liga Leumit. Thus, the returned to the second tier of Israeli football after 23 years
Hakoah Amidar Ramat Gan F.C.
Hakoah Maccabi Amidar Ramat Gan Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Ramat Gan. The club is currently in Liga Alef South division and plays at the Winter Stadium in Ramat Shikma, the club was established in 1959 by a merger of Hakoah Tel Aviv and Maccabi Ramat Gan. The new club was based at Maccabis Gali Gil stadium in Ramat Gan, in 1962 the club was promoted to Liga Leumit, then the top division. In their first season they finished third from bottom, in 1964–65 the club won its first championship, beating Hapoel Petah Tikva to the title on goal difference. In 1969 the club won its first State Cup, beating Maccabi Shaarayim 1–0 in the final, two seasons later they won the cup again, this time defeating Maccabi Haifa 2–1. In 1972–73 the club won their second title, but missed out on the double when they lost the cup final 2–0 to Hapoel Jerusalem, however, the following season they finished second from bottom and only avoided relegation after winning the promotion/relegation play-offs. In 1974–75 they finished in the zone again, but were reprieved after the Israel Football Association decided to expand the league from 16 to 18 clubs. At the end of the 1977–78 season Hakoah were relegated and they won Liga Artzit at the first attempt and made an immediate return to the top flight. However, they were relegated at the end of their first season back in the top division, the following year they finished fourth in Liga Artzit, a place below the promotion places. In 1982–83 the club finished second in Liga Artzit and returned to the top division again, however, they finished bottom of the league in 1984–85 and were relegated for the third time in less than a decade. In 1987–88, the club had dropped into Liga Alef, the third tier, in 1994, the club was involved in a match fixing scandal, and were punished by a points deduction, a fine and a ban on foreign players. They won the second divisions Toto Cup in 1996,1997 and 1999, at the end of the 2001–02 season the club finished 7th in Liga Leumit, but were demoted by the IFA due to financial problems. In September 2002 the club almost folded, with the money needed to only becoming available during the last hour. Despite their problems, they won first season at the first attempt to bounce back to Liga Leumit. At the end of their first season in their new guise, the finished second in the league, winning promotion to the Premier League. Although they finished second from bottom the following season, Hakoah won Liga Leumit in 2007–08 to make a return to the Premier League. In 2008–09, the club was relegated to Liga Leumit, in 2014–15, the club was relegated to Liga Alef. Despite the proximity, there were ties between the clubs of Hakoah Vienna and Austria Vienna
Hapoel Marmorek F.C.
Hapoel Ironi Marmorek Rehovot F. C. commonly known as Hapoel Marmorek, is an Israeli football club based in Rehovot. They are currently in Liga Alef, the level of Israeli football. Home matches are played at the Itztoni Stadium, the club founded in 1949, and played by the early 1960s in Liga Bet, which by then was the third tier of Israeli football. In the 1962–63 season the club promoted to Liga Alef after finished third in Liga Bet South B, in the summer of 1968, the club merged with fellow Rehovot club, Hapoel Rehovot, and the club became officially known since the merger as Hapoel Marmorek-Rehovot. In the 1971–72 season, the won the South Division of Liga Alef and promoted to the top flight of Israeli football, Liga Leumit. However, they finished bottom in their first season in the top flight, Marmorek won Liga Alef South in the 1977–78 season and promoted to Liga Artzit, then relegated back to Liga Alef in the following season. However, they finished bottom, winning only 2 matches out of 35, and relegated to Liga Alef, the club plays at the Itztoni Stadium, which is named after former Marmorek player Tony Sharabi. The stadium has a capacity of 1,500. As of 9 January 2017 Fansite Hapoel Marmorek Haim Rehovot Israel Football Association
Maccabi Ironi Kiryat Ata F.C.
Maccabi Ironi Kiryat Ata is an Israeli football club, located in Kiryat Ata. They play in Liga Alef and play at the Kiryat Ata Municipal Stadium, the club was originally based in Acre and named Maccabi Acre. In the 1989–90 season they won the North Division of Liga Alef to win promotion to Liga Artzit, at the end of the 1993–94 season they were relegated back to Liga Alef after finishing second bottom. However, they made a return to the second level. In 2000 the clubs owner Barukh Ofir decided to move the club to Kiryat Ata, in the clubs first season in its new guise, they were relegated to Liga Artzit. In 2004–05 they finished second bottom, and were due to be relegated to Liga Alef. However, Maccabi Ramat Amidar left the league and the club were reprieved, the following season they finished third, a place below the promotion places, but in 2006–07 came third from bottom, one place above the relegation zone. In 2007–08 they finished as runners-up to Hapoel Jerusalem and were promoted back to Liga Leumit, during the same season they also won the Liga Artzits Toto Cup. In 2008–09, the finished bottom and was relegated to Liga Alef. Liga Alef North Division champions 1989–90, 1994–95 Toto Cup Liga Artzit winners 2007–08 As to 3 November 2016 Maccabi Ironi Kiryat Ata Israel Football Association
Maccabi Ironi Bat Yam F.C.
Maccabi Ironi Bat Yam was an Israeli football club based in Bat Yam. The club played matches at the 3, 100-capacity Bat Yam Municipal Stadium. The club was formed by a merger of Beitar Bat Yam, following another merger, with Maccabi Holon, the club became known as Maccabi Holon Bat Yam and was placed in the South A division of Liga Bet. In 2007–08 they won the South division of Liga Alef, and were promoted to Liga Artzit, in 2008–09, the club was promoted to Liga Leumit, the second tier. In 2011–12 the club finished bottom and relegated to Liga Alef. The club dissolved at 25 August 2014, after chairman Yossi Elkobi gave the order to close the senior team, Liga Alef South Division champions 2007–08 Liga Bet South A Division champions 2004–05 Maccabi Ironi Bat Yam Israel Football Association
Hapoel Herzliya F.C.
Hapoel Herzliya is an Israeli football club based in Herzliya. The club is currently in Liga Alef North division and play their matches at the Herzliya Municipal Stadium. The Hapoel sport club in Herzliya was established in 1928, prior to the Israeli Declaration of Independence, the club played six seasons at the top flight, and appeared for the last time in the 1946–47 Palestine League season, where the club relegated. Following Israeli independence in 1948, the club was placed in Liga Bet, however, in the following season, their spell in Liga Artzit lasted only one season. In 1999–2000 the club won the South A Division of Liga Bet to win promotion to Liga Alef, in 2002–03 Hapoel won the North Division of Liga Alef and were promoted to Liga Artzit. At the end of the 2006–07 season they finished second bottom and were relegated back to Liga Alef. In 2009–10 the club won the South Division of Liga Alef to win promotion to Liga Leumit. in 2011–12 the club finished bottom in Liga Leumit and relegated to Liga Alef, Hapoel Herzliya Ironi Israel Football Association
Hapoel Acre F.C.
Hapoel Acre Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Acre, Israel. The club is currently in Liga Leumit, founded in 1946, the club dwelt in the lower leagues until they won Liga Bet North A in the 1962–63 season and promoted for the first time to Liga Alef, the second division by then. In 1973–74, they won Liga Alef North division, however, the Israel Football Association decided that season on promotion play-off, involving the top 2 clubs in each Liga Alef division, and the bottom two clubs in Liga Leumit. After finishing in 5th position, they were not promoted, after second-place finish in the 1974–75 season, Hapoel won Liga Alef North division in the 1975–76 and were promoted to the top division for the first time. After finishing 11th in their first season, they won two matches the next season, and were relegated to Liga Artzit, which was the new second division at the time. This proved to be their last appearance in the top division for the next 31 years, in 1982–83 the club had dropped into Liga Alef, the third tier at the time. In 1998–99 they were promoted to Liga Artzit, however, in 2003–04, the club finished as runners-up, and were promoted back to Liga Leumit. In 2005–06, the club won their first ever piece of silverware, in 2008–09, the club finished as runners-up, and promoted to the Premier League. In the 2010–11 season, the club achieved its best placing to date, on 3 June 2013, an agreement was signed between Hapoel Acre association and the municipality of Acre, and as a result, a new association was appointed by the municipality. In the 2012–13 and 2014–15 seasons, the club finished at the bottom of the league at the end of the regular season, however, they avoided relegation in both occasions, following a strong finish of the bottom play-offs. In the 2015–16 season, the finished second bottom and relegated to Liga Leumit. The clubs traditional ground was the 5, 000-seat Napoleon Stadium in Acre, whilst the ground was being refurbished, the club played in Nazareth Illit at Green Stadium shared with Hapoel Nazareth Illit in the 2009–10 and the 2010–11 seasons. In the 2011–12 season the club played in the first month at Ilut Stadium in Ilut, located near Nazareth in northern Israel, as of 21 June 2016 Momi Zafran Yaron Hochenboim Eli Cohen Shimon Hadari Yuval Naim Alon Harazi Shlomi Dora Yaron Hochenboim Momi Zafran Shlomi Dora Club website
Hapoel Nir Ramat HaSharon F.C.
Hapoel Nir Ramat HaSharon Football Club is an Israeli football based in Ramat HaSharon. They are currently members of Liga Leumit and play their matches at the Grundman Stadium. The club was founded in 1957 as Hapoel Ramat HaSharon, the club was promoted to Liga Artzit in 1984, the following season they were relegated to Liga Alef, and two seasons later to Liga Bet. During the 1990s the club was renamed after former player Nir Itzhaki, in 1996 the club returned to Liga Alef. In 1999–2000 they finished second in their division, due to Beitar Tel Aviv and Shimshon Tel Aviv merging, the club was promoted to Liga Artzit to fill the vacancy. In 2002–03 they narrowly avoided relegation, finishing one place above the relegation zone, the following season they won the league to earn promotion back to the second division. In the same season also won the Liga Artzit Toto Cup. The club escaped relegation in 2004–05 after Maccabi Ahi Nazareth had two points deducted, the following season they finished third from bottom again, but avoided the drop. In the 2009–10 season the club one of its biggest achievements in the clubs history when the team reached the semi final of the Israel State Cup. In the 2010–11 season the club won the Toto Cup Leumit, in June 2013, the club changed its name from Ironi Nir Ramat HaSharon to Hapoel Nir Ramat HaSharon and resulted in a new logo. In the 2012–13 season, the club achieved its best placing to date, however, in the following season, the club finished second bottom and relegated to Liga Leumit. As of 19 March 2017 Tzvika Tzemah Eran Kulik Guy Levy Meni Koretski Yehoshua Feigenbaum Nissan Yehezkel Benny Tabak Rephael Cohen Haim Shabo Lior Zada Meni Koretski Haim Shabo Official website
Maccabi HaShikma Ramat Hen F.C.
Maccabi HaShikma Ramat Hen Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Ramat Gan. They are currently in Liga Gimel, the club founded in 1966 in the neighborhood of Ramat HaShikma, Ramat Gan as Maccabi Ramat HaShikma. However, at the summer of 1968, they merged with Liga Bet Club, Maccabi Ramat Gan, and went to compete in the following season at Liga Bet as Maccabi HaShikma Ramat Gan. The club won Liga Bet South A division at the 1974–75 season, and won promotion to Liga Alef, where they spent their only season up to date in the tier of Israeli football. In 1989, the merged with fellow neighborhood club, Maccabi Ramat Hen. In the first seasons following the merging, former top tier strikers and Israeli internationals, David Lavi, however, HaShikma were beaten 0–2, thus, they remained in Liga Alef. In the 2011–12 season, the finished bottom in Liga Alef South. In the following season, the club did not enter Liga Bet, and started the 2013–14 season in Liga Gimel, Liga Bet South A, 1974–75 1983–84 1989–90 2001–02 Liga Gimel Jaffa, 1966–68 Liga Gimel Tel Aviv, 1996–97 1998–99 Maccabi HaShikma Hen Israel Football Association
Bnei Sakhnin F.C.
Bnei Sakhnin F. C. is an Israeli football club based at the Doha Stadium in Sakhnin. They are the most successful Israeli Arab club in the country, the club was formed in 1991 by a merger of Maccabi Sakhnin and Hapoel Sakhnin. They were promoted to Liga Artzit in 1997, in 1998–99 they finished in the relegation zone, but were reprieved when Maccabi Jaffa, who had finished bottom of the top division, were relegated three leagues due to financial problems. Promotion was only won on the last day of the season, prior to their first season in the top division, Sakhnin were favourites to be relegated, and it was thought that Nazareth had a better chance of survival. Questions remained as to whether the squad that gained promotion would be able to compete at the top level and they also lost manager Momy Zafran who resigned shortly after the club won promotion, replacing him with Eyal Lahman. In addition, the club had to play games in Haifas Kiryat Eliezer Stadium, the club signed former Maccabi Haifa striker Raffi Cohen and loaned another striker, Lior Asulin from Maccabi Herzliya. Sagi Strauss was brought in to mind the nets from Maccabi Petah Tikva, despite the gloomy predictions, the club defied the odds, eventually finishing 10th, four points clear of relegation, whilst Nazareth finished bottom. However, the highlight of the season was the State Cup victory, in the final, Sakhnin beat surprise finalists, second division side Hapoel Haifa 4–1. The team gained a reputation for being a tough, combative outfit, captain and club stalwart Abbas Suan won particular acclaim, gaining a call-up to the Israel squad, and winning his first cap in February 2004. The cup win meant that the club became the first Arab team to play in Europe, after beating Partizani Tirana 6–1 on aggregate in the second qualifying round, the club faced Newcastle United in the first round. However, Sakhnin were beaten 7–1 on aggregate, including a 5–1 home defeat in a match played at the National Stadium in Ramat Gan due to security concerns. During the 2004–05 season, with its still under development the club played many of its home matches at Hapoel Nazareth Illits Municipal Stadium. During their spell in the top flight, several Sakhnin games were plagued by hooliganism, as a punishment, the IFA ordered the club to play two games behind closed doors. However, with one of the largest budgets in the division, the club were amongst the favourites to return quickly to the Premier League, in their first season back in the Premier League, they finished fourth, their highest ever league position, qualifying for the Intertoto Cup. The rise of the Bnei Sakhnin F. C. was the subject of a documentary film by noted Israeli director Ram Loevy. During the 2005–06 season, the signed a shirt sponsorship deal with Israeli mobile phone company Cellcom. The clubs budget was bolstered on 15 June 2006 when Gaydamak announced that he would donate two million shekels to the club in hope that they make a return to Israels top league. The fan base of Bnei Sakhnin is smaller in comparison to other Israeli clubs, the majority of fans of Bnei Sakhnin are Arab Israelis
Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C.
Maccabi Tel Aviv Football Club is an Israeli football club and part of the Maccabi Tel Aviv sports club. Founded in 1906 as the HaRishon Le Zion-Yafo Association, Maccabi Tel Aviv is the oldest, largest and most decorated club in Israel. With the establishment of the city of Tel Aviv in 1909, in 1922 they became the first Jewish football club to participate in local competitions. Maccabi Tel Aviv have won more titles than any other Israeli club, winning 22 League Championships,23 prestigious State Cups, the club is named after the Maccabees. Maccabi Tel Aviv FC invest a lot of money in the development, the clubs youth system operate football academies at three sites in the Tel Aviv area, working with over 750 children aged 6–15. The club also runs 17 youth teams with 400 players between 9 and 19 years old and these teams tend to compete very successfully in local and national leagues. Durims decided to establish the Palestine League, in the same year the State Cup was founded under the name People Cup. That same year, the first Tel Aviv derby was played, with Maccabi winning, Maccabi won their first State Cup in 1929 after beating Maccabi HaShmonai. Maccabi won the State Cup for a time in 1930, beating the 48th Regiment of Foot 2–1, and a third in 1933. In 1936 the club was invited to play in the United States, on their way, Maccabi played in France, losing, 2–0, to Racing Paris and 3–1 to Lille. In the United States, Maccabi defeated the All-star team of New York City in front of 50,000 in Yankee Stadium. Maccabi also defeated the American Soccer League team in Brooklyn and Philadelphia on their ground, 1–0, and also played in Canada. Maccabi continued their tour in the USA and lost, 3–2, to St. Louis Stars, after returning from the United States, Maccabi players went on strike because they had not been paid. In 1937, after a year of action, the Football Association accepted their demands. In that year, Maccabi Tel Aviv also won their first league title, in 1939, after the start of World War II, Maccabi won their second championship. At the end of the season, Maccabi went to another tour and they played 18 games, winning 11, losing 5 and drawing 2. The games were against State sides, regional sides and five tests against the Australian national team, winning one, drawing one, in 1941 Maccabi won their first double, Winning both the league and State Cup, beating Hapoel Tel Aviv, 2–1, in the final. Between 1941 and 1945 the league was suspended because of the war, in 1946, the league was still suspended but the State Cup returned with Maccabi beating Hapoel Rishon LeZion, 6–0, on aggregate in the final
Beitar Jerusalem F.C.
Beitar Jerusalem Football club is an Israeli professional football club from Jerusalem, Israel. Founded in 1936 and plays in the Israeli Premier League, Beitar were the 1986–87, 1992–93, 1996–97, 1997–98 and 2006–07, 2007–08 champions of the Israeli Premier League and the winners of Israeli Cup, and Israeli Supercup. The club is based at the Teddy Stadium in the Malha neighborhood, Beitar Jerusalem was founded in 1936 by David Horn as a youth team. The first games were held against Armenian and Arab teams in Jerusalem, the club was dismantled in 1938 after one of its managers was arrested by the British Mandate authorities and another was shot and injured in another incident. Beitars troubles were linked to its connections with the Irgun underground with which David Horn. In 1942, the club was reestablished, this time as a club for adults rather than just a youth team, politics again became a problem, with British soldiers and policemen often attending Beitar games to spy and identify the faces of the players. 15 April 1944, Beitar Jerusalem – Plebis 1–1,22 April 1944, Beitar Jerusalem – Plebis 2–2. 13 May 1944, Beitar Jerusalem – Plebis 3–2,20 May 1944, Beitar Jerusalem – Allwain 1–3. Later, Beitar Jerusalem qualified for the final, which was to be held against the team of the Paymasters of the British mandate, on 19 October 1944, several club players were among 251 persons who were deported to Eritrea, Kenya and Sudan by the British Mandate Authorities. Among the deportees were David Horn and Rabinovich and some members of Beitar Jerusalems First team of 1936, a Beitar Jerusalem team was set up in Gilgil where many deportees played in city-of-origin based teams. A big running away plan was made involving a tunnel dug from the centre of a pitch in old Gilgil detention camp in Kenya. Two of the deportees were murdered by Sudanese guards for an alleged escaping attempt, all living deportees reached Israel in July 1948. With Shmuel Kirshtein left in Jerusalem, Beitar continued to exist in Jerusalem in its name, both games were held in Beirut. The British ambassador intervened, suggesting that the Union Jack is raised instead of the Eretz Yisrael flag, simon Alfasi, Shimon Stern, Yisrael Yehezqel and goalkeeper Yosef Meyuhas were the Beitar Jerusalem players in the trip. In 1946, Beitar Jerusalem qualified to the 2nd round of the Cup Games against Maccabi Tel Aviv, the scores were a 3–3 and a loss 3–2 in game 2. Simon Alfasi scored all five goals for the club, three in the first and two in the second, on 8 August 1947, all Beitar clubs were banned by the British mandate authorities. The club name was changed to Nordiah Jerusalem, before a league was set up in Jerusalem district in November 1947. During the war, Beitar Jerusalem player Asher Benjamin was killed by the British when he entered to a British camp in Jerusalem, in 1951–52 season, the club integrated into Liga Bet southern part, then the second tier
Maccabi Petah Tikva F.C.
Maccabi Petah Tikva F. C. is an Israeli football club based in the city of Petah Tikva. It is part of the Maccabi sports club and currently plays in the Israeli Premier League. In 1921, after the death of founder member Avshalom Gisin during the 1921 Palestine riots, the club added his name to the name. In 1927 the club moved to the Maccabi Petah Tikva Ground, in 1935 they won their first piece of silverware, beating Hakoah Tel Aviv 1–0 in the cup final. In 1939 they reached the final again, but lost 2–1 to Hapoel Tel Aviv, the following year they won the Haaretz tournament. The club was included in the new Israeli League in 1949, in the next season they finished as runners-up to champions Maccabi Tel Aviv and also won the State Cup, beating Maccabi Tel Aviv 1–0. In 1953–54 they also finished second with Eliezer Spiegel finishing as the top goalscorer on 16 goals from 22 matches. After several seasons of mid-table finishes, Maccabi finished bottom of the table in 1962–63 and were due to be relegated to Liga Alef, however, the Israel Football Association decided to expand the league from 12 to 15 clubs and they were spared demotion. However, the club was relegated at the end of the 1965–66 season after finishing second from bottom, after two seasons in Liga Alef the club returned to the top division in 1969. At the end of the 1970–71 season the club was relegated again after finishing second from bottom, although Maccabi finished bottom in 1974–75, they were again reprieved from relegation due to league expansion. However, after a performance in 1976–77 they did go down. After making another return to the top flight, the club maintained several mid-table finishes. In 1990 and 1991 the club won the Liga Artzit Toto Cup and they returned to the top division in 1991 and have remained there since. In 1995 the club won the top divisions Toto Cup for the first time, in 2001 the club reached the cup final for the first time in 49 years, losing 3–0 to Maccabi Tel Aviv. In 2003–04 they finished third, qualifying for the UEFA Cup, however, the home leg of their third qualifying round tie against SC Heerenveen was cancelled by UEFA due to a baggage handlers strike, and they lost the away leg 5–0. In 2004–05 the club finished second in the league and qualified for the UEFA Cup again and this time they were more successful, beating Macedonian side FK Baskimi 11–0 on aggregate, before knocking out Partizan Belgrade. However, in the stage they finished bottom having lost all four matches. As of 1 February 201604 – Morad Megamadov, Center back, the club played at the Maccabi Petah Tikva ground between 1926 and the 1970s
Hapoel Rishon LeZion F.C.
Hapoel Rishon LeZion F. C. is an Israeli football club which currently plays in Liga Leumit, Israels second football division. Home matches are hosted at the Haberfeld Stadium, in 1991, the club changed its name to Hapoel Ironi Rishon LeZion, and in June 2008 the name was switched back to Hapoel Rishon LeZion following a change in ownership. Hapoel Rishon LeZion was one of the first clubs in the history of football in Israel. The football section of the Sports club was established in 1929, the club was formally established in 1940. Its best achievements were runner-up of the Israel State Cup in 1946 and 1996, on both occasions it lost to Maccabi Tel Aviv. Following its cup final in 1996, it played in UEFA Cup Winners Cup, in 1951–52, the club finished second bottom and dropped to the second tier. Between 1952 and 1994 the club played just three seasons in the top division, 1978-79, 1980–81 and 1981–82, in 2008–09, after the club changed its name back to Hapoel Rishon LeZion, it was promoted to Liga Leumit, the second tier. In 2010–11, the club was promoted to the Israeli Premier League and they were relegated back to Liga Leumit the following season. The club is known with their previous name Hapoel Ironi Rishon LeZion. On 4 December 2012, Hapoel Rishon LeZion won the 2012–13 Toto Cup Leumit, as to 19 March 2017 Arik Gilrovich Nissan Yehezkel Eyal Lahman Sharon Mimer Ofir Haim Gili Levanda Nir Berkovic Official Site fans Official Site
Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv F.C.
Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv F. C. commonly known as just Bnei Yehuda, is an Israeli football club from the Hatikva Quarter of Tel Aviv. The club is currently a member of the Israeli Premier League, the club was formed in January 1936 by Nathan Sulami and his friends. It was named after Judah, because the decision on its formation occurred during the week when the Torah portion of Vayigash is read in the Synagogue, Sulami and his friends were first promoted to the top division in 1959. Two seasons later they narrowly avoided relegation, finishing second from bottom, in 1965 the club reached the State Cup final for the first time, but lost 2–1 to Maccabi Tel Aviv. In 1968 they reached the final again, this time beating Hapoel Petah Tikva to claim their first piece of major silverware, after several near-misses, the club was relegated at the end of the 1971–72 season after finishing second from bottom. However, they made a return as Liga Alef champions but were relegated again in 1976. In the 1977–78 season the club were promoted back to the top division as Liga Artzit champions, and also reached the State Cup final, the following season the club finished fourth in Liga Leumit. The 1980–81 season was the clubs best so far, managed by Shlomo Sharf they finished second in the league and reached the cup final again, this time beating Hapoel Tel Aviv 4–3 after a penalty shootout. However, the success was not maintained, and they were relegated at the end of the 1983–84 season, the club made an immediate return as Liga Artzit champions and finished second in 1986–87. The 1989–90 season saw the club win its first, and to date only, two seasons later they won the Toto Cup for the first time, repeating the feat in 1997. The 2000–01 season saw Bnei Yehuda finish second from bottom of the Premier League, however, they made an immediate return as Liga Leumit runners-up. The club have remained in the Premier League since, in 2005–06 they reached the cup final, losing 1–0 to Hapoel Tel Aviv, but also qualifying for Europe for the first time. In the 2006–07 UEFA Cup they lost 6–0 on aggregate to Lokomotiv Sofia and had to play their match in Senec in Slovakia due to security concerns. In the 2009–10 season Bnei Yehuda reached the European League play-off, after starting in the first qualifying round, the following season they reached the second qualifying round of the Europa League, but lost to Shamrock Rovers. From 2009–10 to the 2012–13 season, Bnei Yehuda managed to finish regularly in the top 3–4 ranks of the Israeli Premier League which won her participation in the European League qualifying, following the success, the group became a springboard for players. Many players who were remarkable in the ranks of Bnei Yehuda have moved or were sold to bigger clubs, in the 2013–14 season, Bnei Yehuda finished bottom and relegated to Liga Leumit. However, they made a return to the Premier League as the 2014–15 Liga Leumit champions. For most of its existence, Bnei Yehuda played at the Hatikva Neighborhood Stadium in the Hatikva Quarter of Tel Aviv
Maccabi Ahi Nazareth F.C.
Maccabi Ahi Nazareth Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Nazareth. The club is currently in the Liga Leumit and plays at the Ilut Stadium in Ilut on the outskirts of the city, the club was formed in 1968, and played in Liga Gimel until 1975. In 1998 they were promoted to Liga Artzit, finishing eighth in the league, in 1999–2000 and 2000–01 they finished one place above the relegation zone. The 2002–03 season saw the claim the Liga Leumit title. They were promoted to the Israeli Premier League for the first time in their history, fellow Israeli Arab club Bnei Sakhnin were also promoted, marking the first time two Arab clubs had been in the top division. However, in their first season in the top division, the finished bottom and were relegated back to Liga Leumit. The following season they were relegated again, and dropped back into the third division, in 2005–06 they finished as Liga Artzit runners-up, to make an immediate return to Liga Leumit, where they have remained since. In 2008–09, the club was promoted to the Israeli Premier League, in the 2014–15 Israel State Cup, the club reached the Semi-finals for the first time in their history, after eliminating Maccabi Netanya, F. C. Ashdod and Hapoel Kfar Saba. However, in the Semi-finals, they were beaten 0–3 by the cup winners, Maccabi Tel Aviv in Teddy Stadium
Hapoel Ra'anana A.F.C.
Hapoel Raanana Association Football Club is an Israeli football club, and based in Raanana. They are currently in the Israeli Premier League and play at the Netanya Stadium in Netanya, a Hapoel Raanana was established in 1938. They were placed in the South Division of Liga Bet in 1951–52, the modern club was established in 1972, and in the mid-1990s was playing in Liga Gimel, the lowest tier of Israeli football. In 1995 they started a period of success after they won their division of Liga Gimel and were promoted to Liga Bet. In 1997–98, they won Liga Bet South A division and were promoted to Liga Alef, in 1998–99 they won the North Division of Liga Alef to earn promotion to Liga Artzit. After finishing third in 1999–2000, they won the league the season and were promoted to Liga Leumit. In 2008–09, the club was promoted to the Israeli Premier League for the first time in their history. However, they had to play its matches at Hapoel Kfar Sabas Levita Stadium, as its home ground. In January 2010, the city council published plans for a 7, after a single season in the top division, in which the club finished at the second bottom place, Raanana were relegated to Liga Leumit. After three seasons in Liga Leumit, in 2012–13, Raanana finished runners-up and were promoted again to the Israeli Premier League, in the 2015–16 season, the club achieved its best placing to date, when they finished sixth in the Israeli Premier League. As of 2 February 2017 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Hapoel Tel Aviv F.C.
Hapoel Tel-Aviv Football Club is an Israeli football club based in Tel Aviv. The club currently competes in the Israeli Premier League and plays its matches at the Bloomfield Stadium. To date, the club has won thirteen championships and sixteen State Cups, in 1967 Hapoel Tel Aviv became the first club to win the Asian Club Championships. It is also one of only 3 Israeli teams to have qualified for the UEFA Champions League group stage, the club name, Hapoel, translates to The Worker, and combined with its red Hammer and sickle crest represents the club ties to Socialism and working class. For seven decades, the club was owned by Israeli largest trade union, Hapoel Tel Aviv F. C. was originally established in 1923, but was disbanded soon after. The club was re-formed in 1925, and then for a time in May 1926. In 1927 the club merged with Allenby F. C. giving the club its modern form and it is part of the Hapoel sports association which was affiliated with the Histadrut trade union, and supporters of the club were often referred to as communists. In 1928 the club reached the Palestine Cup final, although they beat Maccabi Hasmonean Jerusalem 2–0, Hapoel fielded an ineligible player, resulting in the cup being shared. The 1934–35 season saw Hapoel led the table, but the championship was abandoned. The 1937–38 season ended the way, with Hapoel top of the league. In the meantime, the won the cup again in 1937,1938 and 1939. In 1939–40 they won their second championship, the following season no national championships were held, but the club won the tournament for Hapoel-affiliated clubs. Following Israeli independence, Hapoel joined the new Israeli League and they won the title in 1956–57 and the State Cup in 1961, beating Hapoel Petah Tikva 2–1. In the 1965–66 season Hapoel won the title, and qualified for the first Asian Club Championships, in the tournament Hapoel were given byes all the way to the final, where they beat Selangor 2–1 to become Asias first club champions. The club also reached the State Cup final that year, Hapoel won the title again in 1968–69, and again qualified for the Asian Club championships. Although they reached the final, they lost 2–1 to Iranian side Taj Club, the following season they reached the cup final again, but lost 1–0 to Hapoel Yehud. A hat-trick of cup final defeats was avoided when they beat Maccabi Tel Aviv 3–2 in the 1982 final, another title was won in 1985–86, and another in 1987–88. However, the following season Hapoel finished bottom of the league and were relegated to the second tier for the first time in their history
F. C. Ashdod is an Israeli football club, playing in the port city of Ashdod. The unorthodox name of the team is the result of the union of two city rivals, Hapoel Ashdod and Maccabi Ironi Ashdod, during the clubs first years, its kit colors were completely blue. When Haim Revivo took a prominent role in the club. The decision was made that the kit should incorporate two of the clubs colors, Hapoel having been red and Maccabi yellow and blue. The club was not immediately successful after the merger, and fan support was lacking, during the 2004–05 season, they reached their greatest achievement, a third-place finish in the Israeli Premier League and a berth in the UEFA Cup. The club also reached the final of the Toto Cup, only to go out on penalty kicks and their first time in a continental competition was not a memorable one, as they went out to the Slovenian PrvaLiga runners-up, NK Domžale. Prior to the 2014–15 season, the club added Ironi to its name. C, Hapoel Ashdod, and was eventually disciplined. Furthermore, the club was punished by FIFA with six points deduction for failing to pay an award to Nigerian club, Kaduna United. As a result, the club has dropped to the bottom place in the Israeli Premier League. However, in a decision, FIFA reversed its decision after it was found out that the club did pay the arbitration award. In the 2015–16 season, the club won Liga Leumit and made a return to the Israeli Premier League