Shanghai New International Expo Center
The Shanghai New International Expo Centre is an exhibition center in Pudong, Shanghai. It hosts a large number of exhibitions, including the Shanghai Motor Show, it has hosted the 2002 Tennis Masters Cup, where one of the halls was temporarily converted into a tennis court. With more than 100 exhibitions per year and a turnover rate of 27, SNIEC is one of the world's most successful exhibition venues. Construction started on November 4, 1999 with its opening taking place on November 2, 2001, it has, as of 2012, a capacity of 200,000 square meters indoor and 100,000 square meters outdoor exhibition area. Expo Center facilities include 17 exhibition halls, conference rooms, a business center. Hotel facilities and a subway station are located at one of the entrance halls of the center. Total investment until 2011 was 591 million U. S. dollars. Shanghai New International Expo Centre Co. Ltd. is a Sino German 50:50 joint venture of Shanghai Lujiazui Exhibition Development Co. Ltd. and the German Exposition Corporation International GmbH.
GEC is a joint venture of Deutsche Messe AG, Messe Düsseldorf GmbH and Messe Munich GmbH. Since 2014, the German Michael Kruppeis general manager of the company; the United States design firm Murphy/Jahn Architects designed the center. Expo Centre, including the 3 entrance halls and 17 halls, the south Subway Station Connections. Homepage Information on venue http://10times.com/venues/shanghai-new-international-expo-centresniec
Juan Carlos Ferrero
Juan Carlos Ferrero Donat is a Spanish former world No. 1 professional tennis player. He won the men's singles title at the 2003 French Open, in September of that year, became the 21st player to hold the world No. 1 ranking. He was runner-up at the 2002 French Open and 2003 US Open, his nickname was "Mosquito" due to his speed and slight physical build. Ferrero retired from the game after the 2012 Valencia Open 500, returning for a brief doubles stint in 2017. Nicknamed Juanki and "El Mosquito", Ferrero began playing tennis at age seven with his father, who travels with him, he has two sisters and Laura and admires the play of former No. 1 and two-time Roland Garros champion Jim Courier. Ferrero's inspiration has been his mother, who died of cancer when he was 17. In July 2007, he bought an old cottage in Bocairente, 50 minutes south from Valencia and refurbished it into "Hotel Ferrero", which features 12 luxury suites, he is a joint owner of the Valencia Open 500 tournament together with David Ferrer.
His fitness trainer was Miguel Maeso, he was coached by Antonio Martínez and Salvador Navarro. He and his wife welcomed their first child, a baby daughter named Vega in September 2014. and the couple married in July 2015. Although Ferrero was known as one of the best clay-court players during his prime, he distinguished himself as an all-court and all-round player through his solid performance on hard- and grass-court tournaments, he said during an interview. Tennis experts agreed that Ferrero's clay-court game translated well to the hard court due to his aggressive style of playing, he had one of the greatest forehands in the game and immense speed on the court. He was sponsored by Nike, Sergio Tacchini, Lotto Sport Italia for his apparel on court. In 2010, he signed an endorsement deal with Joma He uses Lacoste for his clothes, Asics for shoes and Prince Sports for his racquets, he played with a Prince EXO3 Tour 100 Mid+ racquet. Born in Ontinyent, Ferrero came to prominence in 1998, making the final of the French Open Juniors, losing to Fernando González.
He finished. He made his professional debut in 1998 by reaching the finals of his first Futures tournament in Italy, losing to Miguel Pastura, 4–6, 5–7, he won two Futures events in Spain, defeating Gorka Fraile and Emilio Viuda-Hernandez in the respective finals. He ended the year ranked No. 345. He made his first ATP main draw debut at the Grand Prix Hassan II as a qualifier, he earned his first top 100 win upsetting 4th seed and No. 68 Karim Alami 6–4, 4–6, 6–3 and reached the semifinals, where he lost to Alberto Martín, 5–7, 4–6. He followed it up by winning a Challenger events in Naples defeating Juan Albert Viloca-Puig 3–6, 7–6, 6–1, he received a wildcard at the Open Seat Godó and reached the third round losing to Carlos Moyá 5–7, 7–5, 4–6. He reached back–to–back finals, losing at the Prostejov Challenger to Richard Fromberg 6–7, 7–5, 4–6 and winning the Maia Challenger Mariano Hood 6–3, 5–7, 6–3, he made his top 100 debut with this results at No. 95. He reached his fourth challenger final of the year at Graz losing Tomáš Zíb 6–7, 1–6.
He played at the Generali Open, where he earned his first top 20 win in the second round against No. 15 Tommy Haas 3–6, 7–6, 6–3, before losing to eventual champion Albert Costa 6–3, 2–6, 3–6 in the quarterfinals. He made his Grand Slam debut at the US Open in August, losing to ninth seeded Greg Rusedski in the first round; the following month, in just his fifth professional event, he won his first career title at the Majorca Open, defeating some excellents players at clay like Juan Antonio Marin and Francisco Clavet en route to the final against second seed and No. 11 Àlex Corretja, 2–6, 7–5, 6–3, which propelled him from No. 68 to 47. He won the ATP Newcomer of the Year award, he began the year at the Heineken Open and made the quarterfinals losing to compatriot Joan Balcells 6–4, 3–6, 1–6. He made his Australian Open debut, making it to the third round, where he was defeated by Younes El Aynaoui in a tight five–setter, 6–7, 6–4, 6–4, 6–7, 4–6. Shortly after, he reached the finals at the Dubai Tennis Championships, losing to Nicolas Kiefer 5–7, 6–4, 3–6, en route earning his first top 10 win over No. 9 Nicolás Lapentti 6–4, 6–3 in the second round.
He backed it up with a semifinal showing at the Franklin Templeton Tennis Classic, falling to Australian Lleyton Hewitt 4–6, 2–6. At the first Masters of the year, he lost his first matches at the Indian Wells Masters to Michael Chang 5–7, 4–6 and at the Ericsson Open to George Bastl 6–7, 4–6, he represented Davis Cup for the first time and won both his matches, he routed No. 3 Yevgeny Kafelnikov 6–2, 6–2, 6–2, his first win over a top 5 player and cruise pass Marat Safin 6–0, 6–3 in a dead rubber. At the European clay season, Ferrero made it to back–to–back quarterfinals at the Estoril Open and his first masters quarterfinals at the Monte Carlo Open, losing to Nicolás Lapentti 6–7, 4–6 and to Gastón Gaudio 4–6, 2–6, respectively, he made it to his second final of the year at the Torneo Godó losing to Marat Safin 3–6, 3–6, 4–6. By doing so, Ferrero entered the top 20 for the first time at No. 18. At the final Masters series of the clay court swing, Ferrero didn't fare well, losing to lower ranked opponent.
He made the third round of the Italian Open losing to Mariano Puerta 6–7, 6–3, 4–6 and second round of the German Open losing to Andrei Pavel 4–6, 4–6. However, he bounced back by reaching the semifinals of his first French Open after defeating No. 10 Àlex Corretja 6–4
2010 ATP World Tour Finals
The 2010 ATP World Tour Finals was held at the O2 Arena in London, United Kingdom between 21 and 28 November 2010. Nikolay Davydenko failed to qualify this year; the top eight players with the most countable points accumulated in Grand Slam, ATP World Tour and Davis Cup tournaments during the year qualify for the 2010 Barclays ATP World Tour Finals. Countable points include points earned in 2010, plus points earned at the 2009 Davis Cup final and the late-season 2009 Challengers played after the 2009 Barclays ATP World Tour Finals. To qualify, a player who finished in the 2009 year-end Top 30 must compete in four Grand Slam tournaments and eight ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournaments during 2010. In addition, his best 4 ATP World Tour 500 events in 2010 and his best 2 ATP World Tour 250 events in 2010 will count towards his ranking. All direct acceptance players at the time of an entry deadline who do not play an event will receive a 0-pointer for that event; the Monte Carlo Rolex Masters 1000 became optional in 2009, but if a player chooses to participate in it, its result will be counted and his 4th best result in an ATP 500 event will be ignored.
If a player doesn't play enough ATP 500 events, does not have an ATP 250 or Challenger appearance with a better result, the Davis Cup is counted in the 500's table. If a player doesn't play enough ATP 250 or Challenger events, the World Team Championship is counted in the 250's table. If a player couldn't be present in all required tournament classes, all uncounted ATP 250 or Challenger results are eligible to be included in his 18 valid tournaments. In case of teams rankings challenger points are excluded. A player, out of competition for 30 or more days, due to a verified injury, will not receive any penalty; the 2010 Barclays ATP World Tour Finals will count as an additional 19th tournament in the ranking of its eight qualifiers at season's end. On 7 June, after winning his fifth French Open title, Spaniard Rafael Nadal was announced as the first qualifier. Rafael Nadal won 7 titles in the most of any player on the tour. Nadal began the year by reaching the final of the Qatar ExxonMobil Open losing to Nikolay Davydenko 0–6, 7–6, 6–4.
At the Australian Open he lost in the quarterfinals to Andy Murray. Nadal won his first title of the year and his first in 11 months at the Monte-Carlo Rolex Masters where he defeated Fernando Verdasco in the final with a 6–0, 6–1 victory; this was his sixth consecutive title at the event. He went on to win his next 3 tournaments, racking up 24 consecutive match wins on the way, he won the Internazionali BNL d'Italia, his fifth in the event, defeating compatriot David Ferrer 7–5, 6–2 in the final. Nadal claimed his home masters tournament, Mutua Madrileña Madrid Open, for the first time, avenging his 2009 final defeat, to Roger Federer with a 6–4, 7–6 win. Nadal reclaimed the French Open, winning it for the fifth time and avenging his loss to Robin Söderling in last year's 4th round encounter with a 6–4, 6–2, 6–4 victory in the final, with this he reclaimed the world no. 1 ranking from Roger Federer. Thus making a sweep of the clay-court Masters 1000 and Slam. Nadal's winning streak was ended by compatriot Feliciano López at the quarterfinals of the Aegon Championships losing 7–6, 6–4.
Nadal's next title came at Wimbledon, where he defeated Tomáš Berdych 6–3, 7–5, 6–4 in the final to claim his second title and his first Old World Triple. Nadal went on to complete a Career Golden Slam and claim the year-end no. 1 ranking. Nadal earned his 7th title of the year at the Rakuten Japan Open Tennis Championships beating Gaël Monfils 6–1, 7–5. Nadal missed the last Masters of the event in the BNP Paribas Masters due to a shoulder injury; this was his fourth appearance. Nadal was looking to improve on last year. On 30 August following his victory over Brian Dabul in the first round of the US Open, Roger Federer was announced as the second qualifier. Roger Federer began the year by winning the Australian Open, his 16th Slam title defeating Andy Murray 6–3, 6–4, 7–6 in the final. Federer did not reach another final until the Mutua Madrileña Madrid Open, where he was the defending champion but lost in a rematch of the 2009 final to Rafael Nadal 6–4, 7–6, he fell in his next two finals, at the Gerry Weber Open and the Rogers Cup losing to Lleyton Hewitt 3–6, 7–6, 6–4 and Andy Murray 7–5, 7–5.
Federer defended his title in the Western & Southern Financial Group Masters, defeating American Mardy Fish 6–7, 7–6, 6–4. He reached his fourth Masters 1000 final in the Shanghai Rolex Masters but lost to Andy Murray 3–6, 2–6. Federer won his third title of the year at the If Stockholm Open defeating Florian Mayer in the final 6–4, 6–3. Equaling Pete Sampras for the number of tournament wins with 64. Federer broke Sampras' total as he won his 65th career title in the Davidoff Swiss Indoors, outlasting Novak Djokovic 6–4, 3–6, 6–1 in the final; this title places him fourth in the all-time list. Federer reached the semifinals of the US Open and as the defending champion, he fell in the quarterfinals to eventual finalist in the Wimbledon and French Open Novak Djokovic. During the French Open, Federer won his 150th on clay. While at Wimbledon, Federer recorded his 200th Grand Slam match win
2016 ATP World Tour Finals
The 2016 ATP World Tour Finals was a men's tennis tournament, played at the O2 Arena in London, United Kingdom, from 13 to 20 November 2016. It was the season-ending event for the best singles players and doubles teams on the 2016 ATP World Tour; the 2016 ATP World Tour Finals took place from 14 to 20 November at the O2 Arena in London, United Kingdom. It was the 47th edition of the tournament; the tournament was run by the Association of Tennis Professionals and was part of the 2016 ATP World Tour. The event took place on indoor hard courts, it served as the season-ending championships for players on the ATP Tour. The eight players who qualified for the event were split into two groups of four. During this stage, players competed in a round-robin format; the two players with the best results in each group progressed to the semifinals, where the winners of a group faced the runners-up of the other group. This stage, was a knock-out stage; the doubles competition used the same format. The ATP World Tour Finals had a round-robin format, with eight players/teams divided into two groups of four.
The eight seeds were determined by the ATP Rankings and ATP Doubles Team Rankings on the Monday after the last ATP World Tour tournament of the calendar year. All singles matches were the best including the final. All doubles matches were a Match Tie-break. RR is points or prize money won in the Round Robin Stage. 1 Prize money for doubles is per team. An undefeated champion would earn the maximum 1,500 points, $2,391,000 in singles Eight players compete at the tournament, with two named alternates. Players receive places in the following order of precedence: First, the top 7 players in the ATP rankings on the Monday after the final tournament of the ATP World Tour, that is, after the 2016 Paris Masters. Second, up to two 2016 Grand Slam tournament winners ranked anywhere 8th-20th, in ranking order Third, the eighth ranked player in the ATP rankingsIn the event of this totaling more than 8 players, those lower down in the selection order become the alternates. If further alternates are needed, these players are selected by the ATP.
Provisional rankings are published weekly as the ATP Race to the World Tour Finals, coinciding with the 52-week rolling ATP rankings on the date of selection. Points are accumulated in Grand Slam, ATP World Tour, Davis Cup, ATP Challenger Tour and ITF Futures tournaments from the 52 weeks prior to the selection date, with points from the previous years Tour Finals excluded. Players accrue points across 18 tournaments made up of: The 4 Grand Slam tournaments The 8 mandatory ATP Masters tournaments The best results from any 6 other tournaments that carry ranking pointsAll players must include the ranking points for mandatory Masters tournaments for which they are on the original acceptance list and for all Grand Slams for which they would be eligible if they do not compete. Furthermore, players who finished 2014 in the world's top 30 are commitment players who must include points for the 8 mandatory Masters tournament regardless of whether they enter, who must compete in at least 4 ATP 500 tournaments, of which one must take place after the US Open.
Zero point scores may be taken from withdrawals by non-injured players from ATP 500 tournaments according to certain other conditions outlined by the ATP. Beyond these rules, however, a player may substitute his next best tournament result for missed Masters and Grand Slam tournaments. Players may have their ATP World Tour Masters 1000 commitment reduced by one tournament, by reaching each of the following milestones: 600 tour level matches, including matches from Challengers and Futures played before year 2010. Players must be defined by the ATP as in good standing to avail of the reduced commitment. Stage.]] Eight teams compete with one named alternates. The eight competing teams receive places according to the same order of precedence as in Singles; the named alternate will be offered first to any unaccepted teams in the selection order to the highest ranked unaccepted team, to a team selected by the ATP. Points are accumulated in the same competitions as for the Singles tournament. However, for Doubles teams there are no commitment tournaments, so teams are ranked according to their 18 highest points scoring results from any tournaments.
On June 6, Novak Djokovic became the first qualifier to the event. Novak Djokovic collected his 60th career title at the Qatar ExxonMobil Open, defeating Nadal in two sets in a final that lasted 73 minutes. Djokovic proceeded to win his sixth Australian Open. On his road to his Open Era record sixth title in Melbourne, he defeated Roger Federer in four sets in the semi-finals, in a rematch of the 2015 final, he defeated Andy Murray, in three straight sets. At the Dubai Tennis Championships, he retired against Feliciano López in the quarterfinals due to a eye infection, he rebounded by winning back-to-back title, collecting his fifth Indian Wells Masters title, defeating Milos Raonic in the final and the Miami Open for the third consecutive year defeating Kei Nishikori. His finals win in Miami saw Djokovic surpass Roger Federer to become the all-time leading prize money winner on the ATP tour with career earnings of $98.2 million. After an early round exit to Jiri Vesely at the Monte Carlo Masters, Djokovic bounced back by winning the Madrid Open for the second time in his career
2013 ATP World Tour Finals
The 2013 ATP World Tour Finals known as the 2013 Barclays ATP World Tour Finals for sponsorship reasons, was a men's tennis tournament, played on indoor hard courts at the O2 Arena in London, United Kingdom, between 4 and 11 November 2013. It was the season-ending event for the best singles players and doubles teams of the 2013 ATP World Tour; the 2013 ATP World Tour Finals took place from 4 to 11 November at the O2 Arena in London, United Kingdom. It was the 44th edition of the tournament; the tournament was run by the Association of Tennis Professionals and was part of the 2013 ATP World Tour. The event took place on indoor hard courts, it served as the season-ending championships for players on the ATP Tour. The eight players who qualified for the event were split into two groups of four. During this stage, players competed in a round-robin format; the two players with the best results in each group progressed to the semifinals, where the winners of a group faced the runners-up of the other group.
This stage, was a knock-out stage. The doubles competition used the same format; the Barclays ATP World Tour Finals had a round-robin format, with eight players/teams divided into two groups of four. The eight seeds were determined by the ATP Rankings and ATP Doubles Team Rankings on the Monday after the last ATP World Tour tournament of the calendar year. All singles matches were the best including the final. All doubles matches were a Match Tie-break; the top seeded players/teams were placed in Group A and the second seeded player/team were placed in Group B. Players/teams seeded 3 and 4, 5 and 6, 7 and 8, were drawn in pairs with the first drawn placed in Group A; each player/team played the three other players/teams in his group. The winner of each group was placed in separate semi-final brackets, with the top player/team in Group A playing the runner-up in Group B, vice versa. Ties were broken by the Tie-Break Procedure. RR is points or prize money won in the Round Robin Stage. 1 Prize money for doubles is per team.
2 Pro-rated on a per-match basis: $80,000 = 1 match, $105,000 = 2 matches, $142,000 = 3 matches 3 3 Pro-rated on a per-match basis: $27,000 = 1 match, $50,000 = 2 matches, $71,000 = 3 matches The top eight players with the most countable points accumulated in Grand Slam, ATP World Tour, Davis Cup tournaments during the year qualify for the 2013 ATP World Tour Finals. Countable points include points earned in 2013, plus points earned at the 2012 Davis Cup final and the late-season 2012 Challengers played after the 2012 ATP World Tour Finals. To qualify, a player who finished in the 2012 year-end top 30 must compete in four Grand Slam tournaments and eight ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournaments during 2013, they can count their best six results from ATP World Tour 500, ATP World Tour 250 and other events toward their ranking. To count their best six, players must have fulfilled their commitment to 500 events – 4 total per year. Additionally, commitment players will no longer need to enter the 500 events 12 weeks in advance but instead go back the normal 6-week entry deadline.
If eligible to play in one of the Grand Slam or ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournaments, a player must count the points from these tournaments if it is'a zero pointer' because he missed the event. Just as in Formula One and numerous other sports, if a competitor misses a race or an event, he loses his chance to earn points. Players with direct acceptance who do not play an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournament will be suspended from a subsequent ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event, which will be the next highest points earned ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event within the next 12 months. If an injured player is on site within the first three days of a tournament to conduct promotional activities over a two-day period, a suspension will not be enforced but a 0-pointer will be counted on a player's ranking. If a player does not play enough ATP 500 events and does not have an ATP 250 or Challenger appearance with a better result, the Davis Cup is counted in the 500s table. If a player does not play enough ATP 250 or Challenger events, the World Team Championship is counted in the 250s table.
If a player could not be present in all required tournament classes, all uncounted ATP 250 or Challenger results are eligible to be included in his 18 valid tournaments. In teams rankings, Challenger points are excluded. A player, out of competition for 30 or more days, due to a verified injury, is not penalized; the 2013 ATP World Tour Finals counts as an additional 19th tournament in the ranking of its eight qualifiers at season's end, while the Davis Cup Final points count towards the next year's race. Players in gold were the qualifiers. Player in bold won the title at the finals. Players in Seed is withdrew before the tournament. On 10 June, following his record-breaking eighth title at the French Open, Rafael Nadal became the first to qualify. Rafael Nadal had one of his strongest starts to an ATP World Tour season, reaching nine finals in as many tournaments after having been sidelined for seven months with a knee injury that forced him to miss the majority of the 2012 season, he began his year at the VTR Open after missing the Australian Open due to illness.
He reached the final before being defeated by Horacio Zeballos. This was followed up by winning three consecutive tournaments, at the Brazil Open defeating David Nalbandian; the Abierto Mexicano Telcel defeating world No. 4 David Fe
A tennis court is the venue where the sport of tennis is played. It is a firm rectangular surface with a low net stretched across the center; the same surface can be used to play. A variety of surfaces can be used to create a tennis court, each with its own characteristics which affect the playing style of the game; the dimensions of a tennis court are defined and regulated by the International Tennis Federation governing body and are written down in the annual'Rules of Tennis' document. The court is 78 feet long, its width is 36 feet for doubles matches. The service line is 21 feet from the net. Additional clear space around the court is needed in order for players to reach overrun balls for a total of 60 feet wide and 120 feet long. A net is stretched across the full width of the court, parallel with the baselines, dividing it into two equal ends; the net is 3 feet 6 inches high at the posts, 3 feet high in the center. The net posts are 3 feet outside the doubles court on each side or, for a singles net, 3 feet outside the singles court on each side.
The ITF's Play and Stay campaign promotes playing on smaller courts with slower red and green balls for younger children. This gives children more time and control so they can serve and score from the first lesson on courts that are sized to fit their bodies; the ITF has mandated that official competition for children aged 10 years and under should be played on "Orange" courts 18 m long by 6.4 m wide. Competition for children under 8 years is played on "Red" courts that are 5.5 m wide. The net is always 0.8 m high in the center. Tennis is played on a variety of surfaces and each surface has its own characteristics which affect the playing style of the game. There are four main types of courts depending on the materials used for the court surface: clay courts, hard courts, grass courts and carpet courts; the International Tennis Federation lists different surfaces and properties and classifies surfaces into one of five pace settings: Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Category 5 Of the current four Grand Slam tournaments, the Australian and US Open use hard courts, French Open is played on clay, Wimbledon, the only Grand Slam to have always been played on the same surface, is played on grass.
The Australian Open switched from grass to hard courts in 1988 and in its early years the French championship alternated between clay and sand/rubble courts. The US Open is the only major to have been played on three surfaces. ITF uses the following classification for tennis court surface types: Clay courts are made of crushed shale, stone or brick; the French Open is the only Grand Slam tournament to use clay courts. Clay courts produce a high bounce in comparison to grass or hard courts. For this reason, the clay court takes away many of the advantages of big serves, which makes it hard for serve-based players to dominate on the surface. Clay courts are cheaper to construct than other types of tennis courts, but a clay surface costs more to maintain. Clay courts need to be rolled to preserve flatness; the clay's water content must be balanced. Clay courts are more common in Europe and Latin America than in North America, tend to favour baseline players. For the Grand Slams clay courts have been used at the US Open from 1975 to 1977 and the French Open since 1891.
Grass courts are the fastest type of courts in common use. They consist of grass grown on hard-packed soil, which adds additional variables: bounces depend on how healthy the grass is, how it has been mowed, the wear and tear of recent play. Points are very quick where fast, low bounces keep rallies short, the serve plays a more important role than on other surfaces. Grass courts tend to favour serve-and-volley tennis players. Grass courts were once among the most common tennis surfaces, but are now rare due to high maintenance costs as they must be watered and mown and take a longer time to dry after rain than hard courts; the grass surface, however, is the most physically forgiving to the human body because of its softness. For the Grand Slams grass courts have been used at the Australian Open from 1905 to 1987, the US Open from 1881 to 1974, Wimbledon since 1877. Hard courts are made of uniform rigid material covered with an acrylic surface layer to offer greater consistency of bounce than other outdoor surfaces.
Hard courts can vary in speed. The quantity of sand added to the paint can affect the rate at which the ball slows down; the US Open is played on DecoTurf while the Australian Open is played on Plexicushion, both acrylic-topped hard court surfaces. For the Grand Slams hard courts have been used at the Australian Open since 1988 and the US Open since 1978. "Carpet" in tennis means any removable court covering. Indoor arenas store rolls of rubber-backed court surfacing and install it temporarily for tennis events, but they are not in use any more for professional events. A short piled form of artificial turf infilled with sand is used for some outdoor courts in Asia. Carpet is a fast surface, faster than hardcourt, with low bounce. Notable tennis tournaments previously
2008 Tennis Masters Cup
The 2008 Tennis Masters Cup was a men's tennis tournament played on indoor hard courts. It was the 39th edition of the year-end singles championships, the 34th edition of the year-end doubles championships, part of the 2008 ATP Tour, it took place at the Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena in Shanghai, from November 9 through November 16, 2008. Association of Tennis Professionals No. 3 Novak Djokovic of Serbia won his first year-end championships title in the singles event, defeating ATP No. 5 Nikolay Davydenko of Russia in the final 6–1, 7–5. Four-time winner, two-time defending champion Roger Federer was defeated in the round robin stage of the event for the first time in seven consecutive appearances. Daniel Nestor of Canada and Nenad Zimonjić of Serbia won the doubles event 7–6, 6–2 over Americans Bob and Mike Bryan in the final for their first year-end championships doubles title together. With the win, they clinched the year-end No. 1 spot for the first time together. Nestor defended his 2007 Tennis Masters Cup title with his new partner Zimonjić, while the other defending champion, Mark Knowles, lost in the round robin, with Mahesh Bhupathi.
It was the last time that the singles and doubles year-end championships took place in Shanghai as the Tennis Masters Cup. Starting in 2009, the season-ending event will be moved to London, United Kingdom, at the O2 arena, under the new name of ATP World Tour Finals. Shanghai will instead hold a new event in the 2009 season, the Shanghai Masters, which will take place earlier in the year. RR is points or prize money won in the Round Robin Stage. 1 Prize money for doubles is per team. 2 Pro-rated on a per-match basis: $50,000 = 1 match, $75,000 = 2 matches, $100,000 = 3 matches 3 3 Pro-rated on a per-match basis: $20,000 = 1 match, $35,000 = 2 matches, $50,000 = 3 matchesAn undefeated singles champion would earn the maximum 1,500 points and $1,340,000 in prize money An undefeated doubles champion would earn the maximum 1,500 points and $220,000 in prize money. While each of them would get 1,500 points, the $220,000 would be split, so $110,000 for each member of the team. Spots are awarded to the top seven players and the top seven doubles teams in the 2008 ATP Race, with one spot reserved for Grand Slam champions who finish within the Top 20 players or teams of the ATP Race rankings.
Two more players and teams go to Shanghai as alternates in case of withdrawals. On July 9 – after the 2008 Wimbledon Championships – the first three players to qualify for the 2008 year-end championships were selected: ATP No. 2 Rafael Nadal of Spain, World No. 1 Roger Federer of Switzerland and third-ranked Novak Djokovic of Serbia. These players, who held the top three spots of the ATP rankings during the whole year, secured their fourth and second appearance in the season's finale. Rafael Nadal, who reached his first hard courts Grand Slam semifinal at the Australian Open, qualified after winning the French Open for a fourth consecutive time, matching Björn Borg's record performance from 1978 to 1981, he broke Roger Federer's streak of five consecutive titles in Wimbledon as he defeated the Swiss 6–4, 6–4, 6–7, 6–7, 9–7, in a four-hour-forty-eight-minute-long final – the longest championship match in Wimbledon's history – to become the first tennis player to complete the Roland-Garros/Wimbledon double since Borg.
In addition to the two Grand Slam titles, Nadal had at the time of his qualification, reached two finals in Chennai and Miami, won his fourth consecutive title in Monte Carlo and at Barcelona, his first in Hamburg and at London's Queen's Club, where he became, two weeks before his Wimbledon victory, the first Spaniard to win a grass court title since Andrés Gimeno in 1972. After his qualification, Nadal clinched a second title at the Canada Masters, a gold medal at the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics, a semifinal run at the US Open. On August 18, after 160 weeks at ATP No. 2, Rafael Nadal overtook Roger Federer, breaking his 237-week streak at the top spot, to become the 24th player to hold the No. 1 rank in the twenty-five years of computerised-rankings history. Nadal withdrew in the run-up to the tournament, citing fatigue. Roger Federer started his 2008 campaign with his first exit before the final in a major event since a 2005 defeat by Rafael Nadal at the French Open, when he lost in the Australian Open semifinals to Djokovic.
After announcing he had contracted mononucleosis in December 2007, Federer hired clay-court specialist José Higueras to coach him, first during the clay court season, but for the rest of the year. Federer qualified after he reached his third consecutive French Open final, where he suffered a 6–1, 6–3, 6–0 defeat, his sixth consecutive Wimbledon final. After failing to beat the five-consecutive-title streak at the All England Club record and losing his third Grand Slam tournament in a row for the first time since 2002, Federer described the Wimbledon final as his "hardest loss by far"; when he qualified, Federer had lost two more finals to Nadal in Monte Carlo and Hamburg, won only two ATP International Series titles in Estoril and Halle. Despite losing his number 1 spot to Nadal in August, the rest of Federer's season featured better results with a third consecutive title in Basel, a fifth straight victory at the US Open which brought him one Grand Slam title short of Pete